Chūbu region (中部地方, Chūbu-chihō), Central region, or
Japan (中部日本) is a region in the middle of Honshū,
Japan's main island. Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of
2010.. It encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu,
Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi.
It is located directly between the
Kantō region and the Kansai region
and includes the major city of
Nagoya as well as along the Pacific
Ocean and Sea of
Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and
The region is the widest part of
Honshū and the central part is
characterized by high, rugged mountains. The
Japanese Alps divide the
country into the Pacific side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan
side, snowy in winter.
2 Major cities
2.1 Other major cities
3 See also
6 External links
Chūbu region covers a large and geographically diverse area of
Honshū which leads to it generally being divided into three distinct
subregions: Tōkai, Kōshin'etsu, and Hokuriku. There is also another
subregion occasionally referred to in business circles called
Main article: Tōkai region
The Tōkai region, mostly bordering the Pacific Ocean, is a narrow
corridor interrupted in places by mountains that descend into the sea.
Tokugawa period (1600–1867), this corridor has been
critical in linking Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. One of old Japan's most
important ancient roadways, the Tōkaidō, ran through it connecting
Tokyo (at that time called Edo) and Kyoto, the old imperial capital.
In the twentieth century, it became the route for new super-express
highways and high-speed railroad lines (shinkansen). The area consists
of Aichi, Mie, Shizuoka,and southern Gifu prefectures.
A number of small alluvial plains are found in the corridor section. A
mild climate, favorable location relatively close to the great
metropolitan complexes, and availability of fast transportation have
made this area a center for truck-gardening and out-of-season
vegetables. Upland areas of rolling hills are extensively given over
to the growing of mandarin oranges and tea. Nagoya, which faces Ise
Bay, is a center for heavy industry, including iron and steel and
machinery manufacturing. The corridor also has a number of small but
important industrial centers. The western part of Tōkai includes the
Nōbi Plain, where rice was being grown by the seventh century.
The three Tōkai prefectures centered on
Nagoya (Aichi, Gifu, and Mie)
have particularly strong economic ties, and the parts of these
prefectures that are closest to the city comprise the Chūkyō
Metropolitan Area. This area boasts the third strongest economy in
Japan and this influence can sometimes extend into the more remote
parts of these prefectures that are farther away from Nagoya. Thus,
these three prefectures are sometimes called the "Chūkyō region" in
a business sense. This name does not see widespread usage throughout
Japan; however, as the economy in the area strengthens, this name may
become more well-known country-wide.
Main article: Kōshin'etsu region
Kōshin'etsu is an area of complex and high rugged mountains—often
called the "roof of Japan"—that include the Japanese Alps. The
population is chiefly concentrated in six elevated basins connected by
narrow valleys. It was long a main silk-producing area, although
output declined after World War II. Much of the labor formerly
required in silk production was absorbed by the district's diversified
manufacturing industry, which included precision instruments,
machinery, textiles, food processing, and other light manufacturing.
Kōshin'etsu means Yamanashi, Nagano, and Niigata prefectures; Niigata
is also included to the Hokuriku region. Yamanashi, Nagano and
Gifu Prefecture are sometimes referred to as Chūō-kōchi or
Main article: Hokuriku region
Hokuriku region lies on the Sea of
Japan coastline, northwest of
the massive mountains that comprise Kōshin'etsu. Hokuriku includes
the four prefectures of Ishikawa, Fukui, Niigata and Toyama,
The district has very heavy snowfall (sometimes enough to block major
roads) and strong winds in winter, and its turbulent rivers are the
source of abundant hydroelectric power.
Niigata Prefecture is the site
of domestic gas and oil production as well. Industrial development is
extensive, especially in the cities in Niigata and Toyama; Fukui and
Ishikawa prefectures also have large manufacturing industries.
Historically, Hokuriku's development is owed to markets in the Kansai
region, however recently the urban areas at the heart of the Kantō
Tōkai region are having a heavy an influence as well.
Hokuriku has port facilities which are mainly to facilitate trade with
Russia, Korea and China. Transportation between Niigata and Toyama
used to be geographically limited and so Niigata has seen especially
strong influence from the Kantō region, because of this Niigata
Prefecture is often classified as being part of the Kōshin'etsu
region with Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures.
Nagoya City: a designated city, the capital of Aichi Prefecture
Niigata City: a designated city, the capital of Niigata Prefecture
Hamamatsu City: a designated city
Shizuoka City:a designated city, the capital of Shizuoka Prefecture
Kanazawa City: a core city, the capital of Ishikawa Prefecture
Toyama City: a core city, the capital of Toyama Prefecture
Gifu City: a core city, the capital of Gifu Prefecture
Nagano City: a core city, the capital of Nagano Prefecture
Fukui City: a special city, the capital of Fukui Prefecture
Kofu City: a special city, the capital of Yamanashi Prefecture
Other major cities
Toyota City: a core city
Okazaki City: a core city
Toyohashi City: a core city
Ichinomiya City: a special city
Kasugai City: a special city
Nagaoka City: a special city
Fuji City: a special city
Matsumoto City: a special city
Jōetsu City: a special city
Numazu City: a special city
Geography of Japan
List of regions of Japan
Tōkai–Tōsan dialect and Hokuriku dialect
^ a b
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics
Bureau (26 October 2011). "平成 22 年国勢調査の概要" (PDF).
Retrieved 6 May 2012.
^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chūbu" in
p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
^ Nussbaum, "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books
Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002 ).
Japan Encyclopedia. Trans.
by Käthe Roth. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
ISBN 0-674-01753-6, ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
This article incorporates public domain material from the
Library of Congress Country Studies document "Japan".
Chubu travel guide from Wikivoyage
Regions and administrative divisions of Japan
Coordinates: 35°53′N 137°57′E / 35.883°N 137.950°E /