Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station (Turkish:
Cengiz Topel Deniz Hava
Üssü), a.k.a. Topel Airport or formerly
Cengiz Topel Air Base,
(IATA: KCO, ICAO: LTBQ) is a
Turkish Navy air station located east of
İzmit in Kocaeli Province, Turkey. The airport is in joint use for
military and civil. Restructured in 1976, it hosts the Turkish
Naval Aviation Command with two flying units, the 301st Squadron of
fixed-wing aircraft and the 351st Squadron of rotorcrafts.
The facility, formerly a base of the Turkish Air Force, is named after
the Air Force fighter pilot Capt. Cengiz Topel, whose F-100 Super
Sabre was shot down on August 8, 1964 during Turkey's military
intervention in Cyprus. He ejected safely over land, but was promptly
captured after landing and lynched by members of the Cyprus National
Guard. He was the first Turkish pilot ever killed in action.
2 Airlines and destinations
Topel Airport was originally a
Turkish Air Force
Turkish Air Force facility. Following
the re-establishment of the aviation branch of the
Turkish Navy in
1968, the first naval helicopter pilots were trained by the Turkish
Army Aviation Command's flight school at the Güvercinlik Army Air
Base in Etimesgut, Ankara Province. The unit, formed in 1972 at the
same base, was transferred on May 19, 1973 from Ankara to Cengiz Topel
Air Base due to its location close to
Gölcük Naval Base
Gölcük Naval Base in Kocaeli
Province following a protocol signed with the
Turkish Air Force
Turkish Air Force two
weeks before. That day, Turkish Navy's first rotorcraft unit was
renamed 351st Naval Helicopter Squadron.
The 301st Naval Air Squadron, formed in 1971 at
Etimesgut Air Base in
Ankara Province as the fixed wing aviation unit of the Navy, was
transferred on August 4, 1972 to
Bandırma Air Base
Bandırma Air Base to join the 6th
Air Force Wing. With its four maritime patrol aircraft and twelve
anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft of type S-2 Tracker, the unit
was then relocated to
Cengiz Topel Air Base on July 14, 1976.
The base, in joint use since 1973 by the air force and the navy, was
transferred to the
Turkish Navy Command on July 14, 1976 following the
order of the Turkish General Staff. Finally, the Naval Air Station
Command was established on August 4, 1976.
The base was assigned to
NATO on October 28, 1981. In 1983, helipeds
Çanakkale were put in service so that helicopters of
the air station could use them also.
In 2011 the airport was opened to public air traffic. Anadolujet and
Borajet operate domestic flights.
Airlines and destinations
operated by AnadoluJet
Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is situated 2 km (1.2 mi)
Köseköy neighborhood in
İzmit and 5 km (3.1 mi)
Lake Sapanca between the highway and the motorway .
^ "KCO Airport İnformation". Flight Stats. Retrieved
^ a b "Topel". World Aero Data. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
^ a b c d e "Deniz Hava Üssü Komutanlığı" (in Turkish). TSK DzKK.
^ "Cengis Topel Memorial - Gemikonagi, Near Lefke, North Cyprus".
What's on North Cyprus. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
Airports in Turkey