The Info List - Carthusian

The Carthusian Order (Latin: Ordo Cartusiensis), also called the Order of Saint Bruno, is a Catholic religious order
Catholic religious order
of enclosed monastics. The order was founded by Bruno of Cologne
Bruno of Cologne
in 1084 and includes both monks and nuns. The order has its own Rule, called the Statutes, rather than the Rule of Saint Benedict, and combines eremitical and cenobitic monasticism. The name Carthusian is derived from the Chartreuse Mountains; Saint Bruno built his first hermitage in the valley of these mountains in the French Alps. The word charterhouse, which is the English name for a Carthusian monastery, is derived from the same source.[1] The same mountain range lends its name to the alcoholic cordial Chartreuse produced by the monks since 1737 which itself gives rise to the name of the colour. The motto of the Carthusians
is Stat crux dum volvitur orbis, Latin for "The Cross is steady while the world is turning."


1 History

1.1 Carthusians
in Britain

2 Charterhouse

2.1 Choirmonks 2.2 Lay brothers

3 Modern Carthusians 4 Liturgy 5 Stages of the Carthusian's life 6 Locations of monasteries 7 Notable Carthusians 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] In 1084 Bishop Hugh of Grenoble
Hugh of Grenoble
offered Bruno, the former Chancellor of the Diocese of Reims, a solitary site in the mountains of his diocese, in the valley of Chartreuse. There Bruno and six companions built a hermitage, consisting of a few log cabins opening towards a gallery that allowed them access to the communal areas, the church, refectory, and chapter room without having to suffer too much from inclement conditions.[2] Six years later, Bruno's former pupil, Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II
requested his services. He would only live in Rome for a few short months however, before leaving to establish a new hermitage in the forests of Calabria, in the south of Italy, with a few new companions. He died there on 6 October 1101.[2] In 1132, an avalanche destroyed the first hermitage, killing 7 monks under the snow. The fifth prior of Chartreuse, Guiges, rebuilt the hermitage.[2] Carthusians
in Britain[edit] There were twelve Carthusian monasteries in the British Isles before the Reformation. The first was founded by Henry II of England
Henry II of England
in 1181 at Witham Friary, Somerset
as penance for the murder of Thomas Becket. Hugh of Lincoln
Hugh of Lincoln
was its first prior.[3] The third Charterhouse built in Britain was Beauvale
Priory, remains of which can still be seen in Beauvale, Greasley, Nottinghamshire. The Carthusians, as with all Catholic religious orders, were variously persecuted and banned during the Reformation. The abolition of their priories, which were sources of charity in England, particularly reduced their numbers.[4] This was followed by the French Revolution which had a similar effect in France.[5] A few fragments remain of the Charterhouse in Coventry, mostly dating from the 15th century, and consisting of a sandstone building that was probably the prior's house. The area, about a mile from the centre of the city, is a conservation area, but the buildings are in use as part of a local college. Inside the building is a medieval wall painting, alongside many carvings and wooden beams. Nearby is the river Sherbourne that runs underneath the centre of the city. The best preserved remains of a medieval Charterhouse in the UK are at Mount Grace Priory
Mount Grace Priory
near Osmotherley, North Yorkshire. One of the cells has been reconstructed to illustrate how different the lay-out is to monasteries of most other Christian orders, which are normally designed with communal living in mind. The London Charterhouse
London Charterhouse
gave its name to Charterhouse Square
Charterhouse Square
and several streets in the City of London, as well as to the Charterhouse School which used part of its site before moving out to Godalming, Surrey. Perth Charterhouse, the single Carthusian Priory founded in Scotland during the Middle Ages, was located in Perth. It stood just west of the medieval town and was founded by James I (1406–1437) in the early 15th century. James I and Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots
Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots
(died 1445) were both buried in the priory church, as was Queen Margaret Tudor (died 1541), widow of James IV of Scotland. The Priory, said to have been a building of 'wondrous cost and greatness' was sacked during the Scottish Reformation
in 1559, and swiftly fell into decay. No remains survive above ground, though a Victorian monument marks the site. The Perth names Charterhouse Lane and Pomarium Flats (built on the site of the Priory's orchard) recall its existence. St Hugh's Charterhouse, Parkminster, West Sussex has cells around a square cloister approximately 400 m (one quarter mile) on a side, making it the largest cloister in Europe. It was built to accommodate two communities which were expelled from the continent.[6] Charterhouse[edit] The monastery is generally a small community of hermits based on the model of the 4th century Lauras of Palestine. A Carthusian monastery consists of a number of individual cells built around a cloister. The individual cells are organised so that the door of each cell comes off a large corridor. The focus of Carthusian life is contemplation. To this end there is an emphasis on solitude and silence.[7] There are no Carthusian abbeys as they have no abbots, and each charterhouse is headed by a prior and is populated by two types of monks: the choir monks, referred to as hermits, and the lay brothers. This reflects a division of labor in providing for the material needs of the monastery and the monks. For the most part, the number of brothers in the Order has remained the same for centuries, as it is now: seven or eight brothers for every ten fathers.[8] Humility is a characteristic of Carthusian spirituality. The Carthusian identity is one of shared solitude.[9] Choirmonks[edit]

Carthusian monk depicted in the famous painting Portrait of a Carthusian.

Each hermit, a monk who is or who will be a priest, has his own living space, called a cell, usually consisting of a small dwelling. Traditionally there is a one-room lower floor for the storage of wood for a stove and a workshop as all monks engage in some manual labour. A second floor consists of a small entryway with an image of the Virgin Mary as a place of prayer and a larger room containing a bed, a table for eating meals, a desk for study, a choir stall, and a kneeler for prayer. Each cell has a high walled garden wherein the monk may meditate as well as grow flowers for himself and/or vegetables for the common good of the community, as a form of physical exercise.[9]

A typical Carthusian plan: Clermont, drawn by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, 1856.

Next to the door is a small revolving compartment, called a "turn", so that meals and other items may be passed in and out of the cell without the hermit having to meet the bearer. Most meals are provided in this manner, which the hermit then eats in the solitude of his cell. There are two meals provided for much of the year: lunch and supper. During seasons or days of fasting, just one meal is provided. The hermit makes his needs known to the lay brother by means of a note, requesting items such as a fresh loaf of bread, which will be kept in the cell for eating with several meals. Carthusians
observe a perpetual abstinence from meat.[7] The hermit spends most of his day in the cell: he meditates, prays the minor hours of the Liturgy of the Hours
Liturgy of the Hours
on his own, eats, studies and writes (Carthusian monks have published scholarly and spiritual works), and works in his garden or at some manual trade. Unless required by other duties, the Carthusian hermit leaves his cell daily only for three prayer services in the monastery chapel, including the community Mass, and occasionally for conferences with his superior. Additionally, once a week, the community members take a long walk in the countryside during which they may speak. On Sundays and solemn feastdays a community meal is taken in silence.[3] Twice a year there is a day-long community recreation, and the monk may receive an annual visit from immediate family members. Lay brothers[edit] There always have been brothers in the charterhouse. When Saint Bruno retired to the Chatreuse, two of his companions were secular ones: Andrew and Guerin. They also live a life of solitary prayer and join in the communal prayer and Mass in the chapel. However, the lay brothers are monks under slightly different types of vows and spend less time in contemplative prayer and more time in manual labour. The lay brothers provide material assistance to the choir monks: cooking meals, doing laundry, undertaking physical repairs, providing the choir monks with books from the library and managing supplies. The life of the brothers complements that of the choir monks, and makes the fathers' lives of seclusion possible.[9] During the brothers' seven-year formation period, some time is given each day to the study of the Bible, Theology, Liturgy, and Spirituality. They can continue their studies throughout their lives. All of the monks live lives of silence. The Carthusians
do not engage in work of a pastoral or missionary nature. Unlike most monasteries, they do not have retreatants, and those who visit for a prolonged period are people who are contemplating entering the monastery.[7] As far as possible, the monks have no contact with the outside world. Carthusian nuns live a life similar to the monks, but with some differences. Choir nuns tend to lead somewhat less eremitical lives, while still maintaining a strong commitment to solitude and silence. Modern Carthusians[edit]

The Grande Chartreuse
Grande Chartreuse
is the head monastery of the Carthusian order.

Today, the monastery of the Grande Chartreuse
Grande Chartreuse
is still the Motherhouse of the Order. There is a museum illustrating the history of the Carthusian order next to Grande Chartreuse; the monks of that monastery are also involved in producing Chartreuse liqueur. Visits are not possible into the Grande Chartreuse
Grande Chartreuse
itself, but the 2005 documentary Into Great Silence
Into Great Silence
gave unprecedented views of life within the hermitage. Today, Carthusians
live very much as they originally did, without any relaxing of their rules. Generally, those wishing to enter must be between the ages of twenty-one and forty-five. Nowadays, medical examinations are considered necessary before the Novitiate and Profession.[8] The Carthusian novice is introduced to the "Lectio divina" method of prayer. In the 21st century, the Sélignac Charterhouse was converted into a house in which lay people could come and experience Carthusian retreats, living the Carthusian life for shorter periods (an eight-day retreat being fixed as the absolute minimum, in order to enter at least somewhat into the silent rhythm of the charterhouse). Liturgy[edit]

Painting from the Carthusian cloister of Nuestra Señora de las Cuevas in Seville
by Francisco de Zurbarán. The scene depicts Hugh of Grenoble in a Carthusian monastery.

Before the Council of Trent
Council of Trent
in the 16th century, the Catholic Church in Western Europe had a wide variety of rituals for the celebration of Mass. Although the essentials were the same, there were variations in prayers and practices from region to region or among the various religious orders. When Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
made the Roman Missal
Roman Missal
mandatory for all Catholics of the Latin Church, he permitted the continuance of other forms of celebrating Mass that had an antiquity of at least two centuries. The rite used by the Carthusians
was one of these, and still continues in use in a version revised in 1981. Apart from the new elements in this revision, it is substantially the rite of Grenoble in the 12th century, with some admixture from other sources.[5] According to current Catholic legislation, priests can celebrate the traditional rites of their order without further authorization. A feature unique to Carthusian liturgical practice is that the bishop bestows on Carthusian nuns, in the ceremony of their profession, a stole and a maniple. This is interpreted by some as a relic of the former rite of ordination of women deacons.[10] The nun is also invested with a crown and a ring. The nun wears these ornaments again only on the day of her monastic jubilee and on her bier after her death. At Matins, if no priest or deacon is present, a nun assumes the stole and reads the Gospel; and although in the time of the Tridentine Mass the chanting of the Epistle was reserved to an ordained subdeacon, a consecrated nun sang the Epistle at the conventual Mass, though without wearing the maniple. For centuries Carthusian nuns retained this rite, administered by the diocesan bishop four years after the nun took her vows.[5] It is no longer unique, since the liturgical reforms that followed Second Vatican Council
Second Vatican Council
made the rite of the consecration of virgins more widely available. Stages of the Carthusian's life[edit]

Postulancy (6 to 12 months) the postulant lives the life of a monk but without having professed any kind of vows. Novitiate (2 years). The novice wears a black cloak over the white Carthusian habit. Simple Vows (3 years) becomes a junior professed monk and wears the full Carthusian habit. Renewal of simple vows (2 years) Solemn profession.[8]

Locations of monasteries[edit] Main article: List of Carthusian monasteries As of Easter 2018 there are 23 extant charterhouses, 18 for monks and 5 for nuns,[11][12] on three continents: Argentina
(1), Brazil
(1), France (6), Germany (1), Italy
(3), Portugal
(1), Slovenia
(1), South Korea (2), Spain (4), Switzerland
(1), the United Kingdom (1) and the USA (1). The two in South Korea, one of monks and one of nuns, are of recent construction. Notable Carthusians[edit]

Peter Blomevenna, 1466-1546

See also[edit]

Into Great Silence
Into Great Silence
– an award-winning documentary on the Carthusian monks List of Carthusian monasteries Carthusian Martyrs Institution des Chartreux Monastic Family of Bethlehem, of the Assumption of the Virgin and of Saint Bruno Spatiamentum

References[edit] Notes

^ In other languages: Dutch: Kartuize; French: Chartreuse; German: Kartause; Italian: Certosa; Polish: Kartuzja; Spanish: Cartuja ^ a b c Chartreux, L'Ordre des. "Welcome". Retrieved 13 June 2016.  ^ a b "The Carthusian Order". St. Hugh's Charterhouse. Retrieved 13 June 2016.  ^ 'House of Carthusian monks: Priory of Sheen' A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 2, ed. H E Malden (London, 1967), pp. 89-94 Accessed 15 April 2015. ^ a b c  Douglas Raymund (1913). "The Carthusian Order". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2015-01-01.  ^ The Monastery, BBC, broadcast May 2005, about 20 minutes into third episode. ^ a b c "Charterhouse of the Transfiguration". Retrieved 13 June 2016.  ^ a b c vocatiochartreux (4 August 2011). "The joy of being a carthusian". Retrieved 13 June 2016.  ^ a b c McNary-Zak, Bernadette. Seeking in Solitude, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2014 ISBN 9781606089699 ^ "Deaconesses".  in Catholic Encyclopedia; Alexander, David L. "A Rose By Any Other Name. The Ordination of Women to the Diaconate".  ^ Chartreux.org (official website of the Carthusian Order): List of active Carthusian houses. Retrieved 2 April 2018 ^ including Sélignac Charterhouse, which has been a lay house since 2001, but not including the Hermits of St. Bruno at Parisot

Further reading[edit]

Lockhart, Robin Bruce. Halfway to Heaven. London:Cistercian Publications, 1999 (Paperback,ISBN 0-87907-786-7) The Wound of Love, A Carthusian miscellany by priors and novice masters on various topics relating to the monastic ideal as lived in a charterhouse in our day. Gracewing Publishing, 2006, 256 p. (paperback, ISBN 0-85244-670-5) André Ravier, Saint Bruno the Carthusian. Online on the website of the Charterhouse of the Transfiguration Klein Maguire, Nancy. An Infinity of Little Hours: Five Young Men and Their Trial of Faith in the Western World's Most Austere Monastic Order. New York: PublicAffairs, 2006. (Hardcover, ISBN 1-58648-327-7). A paperback edition (ISBN 978-1-58648-432-3) later appeared containing a section "Reading Group Guide Interview with Nancy Klein Maguire" on pages 259-264, which isn't found in the original hardback edition. "Nazi massacre of Carthusian monks recalled in new book", Catholic Herald, 5 September 2014

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carthusians.

has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Carthusians.

Official website of the Carthusian Order International Fellowship of St. Bruno Quies Article from the Catholic Encyclopedia Cartusiana - History of the Carthusians
in the Low Countries Official website Foundation The Carthusians
of Roermond Writings by a former Carthusian monk "Carthusians" (1891): notable poem by Ernest Dowson
Ernest Dowson
celebrating the Carthusian order

v t e

Sacraments, rites, and liturgies of the Catholic Church


Baptism Confirmation Eucharist Penance Anointing of the Sick Holy Orders Matrimony


Low Mass Missa Cantata Solemn Mass Pontifical High Mass Papal Mass

Canonical liturgical hours

Matins (nighttime) Lauds (early morning) Prime (first hour of daylight) Terce (third hour) Sext (noon) Nones (ninth hour) Vespers
(sunset evening) Compline (end of the day)

Other liturgical services

Asperges Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament Exorcism Funeral


Liturgy of the Hours

Liturgical literature

Antiphonary Book
of hours Breviary Gospel Book Gradual Lectionary Martyrology Psalter Roman Missal Roman Ritual Sacramentary

Liturgical rites


Ambrosian Rite Rite of Braga Mozarabic Rite Roman Rite

Mass of Paul VI Extraordinary form Anglican Use Zaire Use


Alexandrian Rite Armenian Rite Antiochene Rite Byzantine Rite East Syriac Rite West Syriac Rite: Malankara Rite


Benedictine Rite Carmelite Rite Carthusian Rite Cistercian Rite Dominican Rite Norbertine Rite

Defunct rites and liturgies

African Rite Aquileian Rite Celtic Rite Durham Rite Gallican Rite Use of Hereford Missa Nautica Missa Sicca Missa Venatoria Pre-Tridentine Mass Use of York Sarum Rite

Catholicism portal

v t e

Catholic religious institutes

Including orders (monastic/cenobitic/enclosed/idiorrhythmic), Canons Regular, mendicants, second orders, Clerks Regular, and congregations of the Catholic Church

Male and female

Alexians Assumptionists (A.A.) Augustinian Recollects (O.A.R.) Basilian Alepians (B.A.) Basilian Chouerites (B.C.) Benedictines
(O.S.B.) Canossians (F.D.C.C.) Carmelites
(O. Carm.) Carthusians
(O. Cart.) Cistercians
(O. Cist.) Congregation of Our Lady of Sion (N.D.S.) Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary
Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary
(SS.CC.) Congregations of the Heart of Mary Discalced Carmelites
(O.C.D.) Dominicans (O.P.) Franciscans
(O.F.M.) Institute of the Incarnate Word (I.V.E.) Maryknoll
(M.M.) Mercedarians (O. de M.) Miles Jesu Missionaries of Charity
Missionaries of Charity
(M.C.) Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo
Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo
(C.S.) Premonstratensians
(O.Praem.) Servants of Charity (S.C.) Servite Order
Servite Order
(O.S.M.) Society of the Atonement
Society of the Atonement
(S.A.) T.O.R. Franciscans Trappists
(O.C.S.O.) Trinitarian Order
Trinitarian Order


Adorno Fathers (C.R.M.) Albertine Brothers Augustinians
(O.S.A.) Barnabites
(B.) Basilians (C.S.B.) Brotherhood of Hope (B.H.) Brothers of Our Lady of Mercy (F.D.M.) Camillians (M.I.) Canons Regular
Canons Regular
of Saint John Cantius Capuchins (O.F.M. Cap.) Christian Brothers (Irish) (C.F.C.) Immaculate Heart of Mary (C.I.C.M.) Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament
Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament
(S.S.S.) Claretians
(C.M.F.) Companions of the Cross (C.C.) Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (C.S.T.) Conventual Franciscans
(O.F.M. Conv.) Crosiers (O.S.C.) De La Salle Brothers
De La Salle Brothers
(F.S.C.) Discalced Augustinians
(O.A.D.) Franciscan Friars of the Renewal (C.F.R.) Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word
Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word
(M.F.V.A.) Gabrielites Holy Cross (C.S.C.) Holy Ghost Fathers
Holy Ghost Fathers
(C.S.Sp) Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest (I.C.R.S.S.) Jesuits (S.J.) Josephite Fathers
Josephite Fathers
(S.S.J.) Legion of Christ
Legion of Christ
(L.C.) Little Brothers of Jesus Marians of the Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
(M.I.C.) Marianists (S.M.) Marist Brothers
Marist Brothers
(F.M.S.) Marists (S.M.) Mechitarists
(C.A.M.) Missionaries of La Salette
Missionaries of La Salette
(M.S.) Missionaries of St. Francis de Sales (M.S.F.S) Missionaries of the Poor (M.O.P.) Missionaries of the Precious Blood
Missionaries of the Precious Blood
(C.PP.S.) Missionaries of the Sacred Heart
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart
(M.S.C.) Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus
and Mary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.) Missionary Society of Saint Paul of Nigeria (M.S.P.) Missionary Society of St. Columban Oblates of the Virgin Mary
Oblates of the Virgin Mary
(O.M.V.) Oblates of St. Francis de Sales (O.S.F.S.) Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
(C.O.) Order of Friars Minor
Order of Friars Minor
(O.F.M.) Pallottines
(S.A.C.) Passionists
(C.P.) Paulist Fathers
Paulist Fathers
(C.S.P.) Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter
Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter
(F.S.S.P.) Redemptorists (C.Ss.R.) Rogationists of the Heart of Jesus
(R.C.J.) Sacred Heart Brothers Salesians (S.D.B.) Servants of Jesus and Mary (S.J.M.) Society of the Divine Word
Society of the Divine Word
(S.V.D.) Society of Saint Edmund (S.S.E.) Sons of the Most Holy Redeemer
Sons of the Most Holy Redeemer
(F.SS.R.) Vincentians (C.M.) White Fathers
White Fathers
(M. Afr.) Xaverian Brothers (C.F.X.) Sulpicians (P.S.S.)


Adorers of the Blood of Christ (A.S.C.) Apostolic Carmel (A.C.) Basilian Alepian Sisters Basilian Chouerite Sisters Bridgettines Brigidines Congregation of the Franciscan Hospitaller Sisters of the Immaculate Conception (CONFHIC) Daughters of Charity Daughters of Divine Love Daughters of Mary of the Immaculate Conception Faithful Companions of Jesus Felicians (C.S.S.F.) Filippini Sisters (M.P.F.) Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus Hijas de Jesús Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary Institute of the Maids of the Poor Little Sisters of Jesus Little Sisters of the Poor Lovers of the Holy Cross Marianites of Holy Cross Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
of the Mother of God (S.M.I.C.) Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (I.C.M.) Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart Oblate Sisters of Providence Oblates of Jesus
the Priest Oblate Sisters of the Virgin Mary of Fatima (O.M.V.F.) Order of Our Lady of Charity
Order of Our Lady of Charity
(O.D.N.C.) Order of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary Poor Clares
Poor Clares
(O.S.C.) Religious of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
(R.C.S.J.) Religious of the Virgin Mary
Religious of the Virgin Mary
(R.V.M.) Servants of St. Joseph
Servants of St. Joseph
(S.S.J.) Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament Sisters of Charity Sisters of Charity
Sisters of Charity
of Saints Bartolomea Capitanio and Vincenza Gerosa (SCCG) Sisters of the Christian Doctrine (Nancy) Sisters of the Cross and Passion Sisters of the Destitute Sisters of the Good Shepherd (R.G.S) Sisters of Holy Cross Sisters of the Holy Cross Sisters of the Holy Family-Louisiana Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus
and Mary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception Sisters of the Immaculate Conception
Immaculate Conception
of the Blessed Virgin Mary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Sisters of Life Sisters of Mercy
Sisters of Mercy
(R.S.M.) Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods Sisters of Saint Francis (general) Sisters of Saint Francis (U.S.) Sisters of Saint Joseph The Sisters of St. Joseph
Sisters of St. Joseph
of Peace Sisters of Saint Joseph
Saint Joseph
of the Sacred Heart (R.S.J.) Society of the Helpers of the Holy Souls Ursulines
(O.S.U.) White Sisters

See also: Third orders of Catholic laity Catholicism portal

v t e

Catholic Church

Index Outline

History (Timeline)

Jesus Holy Family

Mary Joseph

Apostles Early Christianity History of the papacy Ecumenical councils Missions Great Schism of East Crusades Great Schism of West Age of Discovery Protestant Reformation Council of Trent Counter-Reformation Catholic Church
Catholic Church
by country Vatican City

index outline

Second Vatican Council

Hierarchy (Precedence)


Francis (2013–present)

conclave inauguration theology canonizations visits

Emeritus Benedict XVI (2005–2013)

Roman Curia College of Cardinals

Cardinal List

Patriarchate Episcopal conference Patriarch Major archbishop Primate Metropolitan Archbishop Diocesan bishop Coadjutor bishop Auxiliary bishop Titular bishop Bishop emeritus Abbot Abbess Superior general Provincial superior Grand Master Prior
(-ess) Priest Brother


Sister Monk Nun Hermit Master of novices Novice Oblate Postulant Laity


Body and soul Bible Catechism Divine grace Dogma Ecclesiology

Four Marks of the Church

Original sin


Salvation Sermon on the Mount Ten Commandments Trinity Worship


Assumption History Immaculate Conception Mariology of the popes Mariology of the saints Mother of God Perpetual virginity Veneration


Natural law Moral theology Personalism Social teaching Philosophers


Baptism Confirmation Eucharist Penance Anointing of the Sick

Last rites

Holy orders Matrimony


Mary Apostles Archangels Confessors Disciples Doctors of the Church Evangelists Church Fathers Martyrs Patriarchs Prophets Virgins

Doctors of the Church

Gregory the Great Ambrose Augustine of Hippo Jerome John Chrysostom Basil of Caesarea Gregory of Nazianzus Athanasius of Alexandria Cyril of Alexandria Cyril of Jerusalem John of Damascus Bede
the Venerable Ephrem the Syrian Thomas Aquinas Bonaventure Anselm of Canterbury Isidore of Seville Peter Chrysologus Leo the Great Peter Damian Bernard of Clairvaux Hilary of Poitiers Alphonsus Liguori Francis de Sales Peter Canisius John of the Cross Robert Bellarmine Albertus Magnus Anthony of Padua Lawrence of Brindisi Teresa of Ávila Catherine of Siena Thérèse of Lisieux John of Ávila Hildegard of Bingen Gregory of Narek

Institutes, orders, and societies

Assumptionists Annonciades Augustinians Basilians Benedictines Bethlehemites Blue nuns Camaldoleses Camillians Carmelites Carthusians Cistercians Clarisses Conceptionists Crosiers Dominicans Franciscans Good Shepherd Sisters Hieronymites Jesuits Mercedarians Minims Olivetans Oratorians Piarists Premonstratensians Redemptorists Servites Theatines Trappists Trinitarians Visitandines

Associations of the faithful

International Federation of Catholic Parochial Youth Movements International Federation of Catholic Universities International Kolping Society Schoenstatt Apostolic Movement International Union of Catholic Esperantists Community of Sant'Egidio


Aid to the Church in Need Caritas Internationalis Catholic Home Missions Catholic Relief Services CIDSE

Particular churches (By country)

Latin Church Eastern Catholic Churches: Albanian Armenian Belarusian Bulgarian Chaldean Coptic Croatian and Serbian Eritrean Ethiopian Georgian Greek Hungarian Italo-Albanian Macedonian Maronite Melkite Romanian Russian Ruthenian Slovak Syriac Syro-Malabar Syro-Malankara Ukrainian

Liturgical rites

Alexandrian Antiochian Armenian Byzantine East Syrian Latin

Anglican Use Ambrosian Mozarabic Roman

West Syrian

Catholicism portal Pope
portal Vatican City
Vatican City

Book Name Media

Category Templates WikiProject

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 129184449 GND: 1017943-4 SUDOC: 026631687 BNF: cb1188