Carl Bernstein (/ˈbɜːrnstiːn/ BURN-steen; born February 14, 1944)
is an American investigative journalist and author.
While a young reporter for
The Washington Post
The Washington Post in 1972, Bernstein was
teamed up with Bob Woodward; the two did much of the original news
reporting on the
Watergate scandal. These scandals led to numerous
government investigations and the eventual resignation of President
Richard Nixon. The work of Woodward and Bernstein was called "maybe
the single greatest reporting effort of all time" by longtime
journalism figure Gene Roberts.
Bernstein's career since
Watergate has continued to focus on the theme
of the use and abuse of power via books and magazine articles. He has
also done reporting for television and opinion commentary. He is the
author or co-author of six books: All the President's Men, The Final
Days, and The Secret Man, with Bob Woodward; His Holiness: John Paul
II and the History of Our Time, with Marco Politi (it);
Loyalties; and A Woman in Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham
Clinton. Additionally, he is a regular political commentator on
1 Early life and career
3 After Watergate
4 Personal life
6 Books authored
7 See also
9 External links
Early life and career
Bernstein was born to a Jewish family in Washington, D.C., the son
of Sylvia (Walker) and Alfred Bernstein. He attended Montgomery Blair
High School in Silver Spring, Maryland, where he worked as circulation
and exchange manager for the school's newspaper Silver Chips. He
began his journalism career at the age of 16 when he became a copyboy
The Washington Star
The Washington Star and moved "quickly through the ranks." The
Star, however, unofficially required a college degree to write for the
paper. Because he had dropped out from the University of Maryland
(where he was a reporter for the school's independent daily, The
Diamondback) and did not intend to finish, Bernstein left in 1965
to become a full-time reporter for the Elizabeth Daily Journal in New
Jersey. While there, he won first prize in New Jersey's press
association for investigative reporting, feature writing, and news on
a deadline. In 1966, Bernstein left New Jersey and began reporting
for The Washington Post, where he covered every aspect of local news
and became known as one of the paper's best writing stylists.
Presidency of Richard Nixon
Nixon White House tapes
1972 U.S. presidential election
"Saturday Night Massacre"
"White House horrors"
United States v. Nixon
Inauguration of Gerald Ford
James W. McCord Jr.
Master list of Nixon's political opponents
Nixon's Enemies List
White House Plumbers
Committee for the Re-Election
of the President (CRP)
Jeb Stuart Magruder
John N. Mitchell
Hugh W. Sloan Jr.
President Richard Nixon
H. R. Haldeman
E. Howard Hunt
G. Gordon Liddy
Gordon C. Strachan
Rose Mary Woods
The Washington Post
Mark Felt ("Deep Throat")
L. Patrick Gray
James R. Schlesinger
Peter W. Rodino
Frank Wills (security guard)
James F. Neal
James F. Neal (prosecutor)
All the President's Men
All the President's Men (book, film)
The Final Days (book, film)
On a Saturday in June 1972, Bernstein was assigned, along with Bob
Woodward, to cover a break-in at the
Watergate office complex that had
occurred earlier the same morning. Five burglars had been caught
red-handed in the complex, where the
Democratic National Committee
Democratic National Committee had
its headquarters; one of them turned out to be an ex-
CIA agent who did
security work for the Republicans. In the series of stories that
followed, Bernstein and Woodward eventually connected the burglars to
a massive slush fund and a corrupt attorney general. Bernstein was the
first to suspect that President Nixon was involved, and he found a
laundered check that linked Nixon to the burglary. Bernstein and
Woodward's discoveries led to further investigations of Nixon, and on
August 9, 1974, amid hearings by the House Judiciary Committee, Nixon
resigned in order to avoid facing impeachment.
In 1974, two years after the
Watergate burglary and two months before
Nixon resigned, Bernstein and Woodward released the book All the
President's Men. The book drew upon the notes and research accumulated
while writing articles about the scandal for the Post and "remained on
best-seller lists for six months." In 1975 it was turned into a movie
Dustin Hoffman as Bernstein and
Robert Redford as
Woodward. A second book, The Final Days, was published by Bernstein
and Woodward in 1976 as a follow-up chronicling Nixon's last days in
The Washington Post
The Washington Post in 1977 and began investigating a
secret relationship between the
CIA and American media during the Cold
War. He spent a year researching the article, which was published as a
25,000-word piece in
Rolling Stone magazine.
He then began working for ABC News. Between 1980 and 1984, Bernstein
was the network's Washington Bureau Chief and then a senior
correspondent. In 1982, for ABC's Nightline, Bernstein was the first
to report during the Israeli invasion of Lebanon that
Ariel Sharon had "deceived the cabinet about the real intention of the
operation—to drive the Palestinians out of Lebanon, not (as he had
claimed) to merely establish a 25-kilometer security zone north from
the border."
Two years after leaving ABC News, Bernstein released the book
Loyalties: A Son's Memoir, in which he revealed that his parents had
been members of the Communist Party of America. The assertion shocked
some because even
J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover had tried and been unable to prove
that Bernstein's parents had been party members.
In 1992, also for Time, Bernstein wrote a cover story publicizing the
Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II and President Ronald Reagan. Later,
along with Vatican expert Marco Politi, he published a papal biography
entitled His Holiness. Bernstein wrote in the 1996 book that the
Pope’s role in supporting Solidarity in his native Poland, and his
geopolitical dexterity combined with enormous spiritual influence, was
a principal factor in the downfall of communism in Europe.
In 1992, Bernstein wrote a cover story for
The New Republic
The New Republic magazine
indicting modern journalism for its sensationalism and celebration of
gossip over real news. The article was entitled "The Idiot Culture".
Bernstein's biography of Hillary Rodham Clinton, A Woman In Charge:
The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton, was published by Alfred A. Knopf
on June 5, 2007. Knopf had a first printing of 275,000 copies. It
The New York Times Best Seller list for three weeks. A
CBS News end-of-year survey of publishing "hits and misses" included A
Woman in Charge in the "miss" category and implied that its total
sales were somewhere in the range of perhaps 55,000-65,000 copies.
Bernstein is a frequent guest and analyst on television news programs,
and most recently wrote articles for Newsweek/The Daily Beast,
comparing Rupert Murdoch's
News of the World
News of the World phone-hacking scandal to
Carl Bernstein spoke at a rally of People's Mujahedin of
Iran, an opposition Iranian organization that had previously been
listed as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the United States,
reportedly receiving a payment for his speech. 
Bernstein has been married three times, first to a fellow reporter at
The Washington Post, Carol Honsa; then to writer and director Nora
Ephron from 1976 to 1980; and since 2003 to the former model Christine
During his marriage to Ephron, Bernstein met Margaret Jay, daughter of
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan and wife of Peter Jay, then UK
ambassador to the United States. They had a much-publicized
extramarital relationship in 1979. Margaret later became a government
minister in her own right. Bernstein and second wife Ephron
already had an infant son, Jacob, and she was pregnant with their
second son, Max, in 1979 when she learned of her husband's affair with
Jay. Ephron delivered Max prematurely after finding out. Ephron
was inspired by the events to write the 1983 novel Heartburn,
which was made into a 1986 film starring
Jack Nicholson and Meryl
While single, in the 1980s, Bernstein became known for dating Bianca
Martha Stewart and Elizabeth Taylor, among others.
Bernstein currently resides in New York with his wife Christine.
Bernstein was portrayed by
Dustin Hoffman in the film version of All
the President's Men, and by
Bruce McCulloch in the 1999 comedy
film Dick. In the 1986 film Heartburn, based on the novel, Jack
Nicholson's role was a thinly veiled portrayal of Bernstein.
All the President's Men—with
Bob Woodward (1974)
The Final Days—with
Bob Woodward (1976) ISBN 0-671-22298-8
Loyalties: A Son's Memoir (1989)
His Holiness: John Paul II & the History of Our Time—with Marco
The Secret Man - with
Bob Woodward (2005) ISBN 0-7432-8715-0
A Woman in Charge: The Life of
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Hillary Rodham Clinton (2007)
^ Roy J. Harris, Jr., Pulitzer's Gold, 2007, p. 233, Columbia:
University of Missouri Press, ISBN 9780826217684.
^ a b c "Carl Bernstein". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 6,
^ Silbiger, Steve (May 25, 2000). The Jewish Phenomenon: Seven Keys to
the Enduring Wealth of a People. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 190.
^ "Yes, kids, there is life after high school". Washingtonpost.com.
^ MICHAEL OLESKER (February 25, 1996). "Parking, paying and getting
pilloried - tribunedigital-baltimoresun". Articles.baltimoresun.com.
^ Shepard, Alicia C. (May 2, 2008). Woodward and Bernstein. Chapter 1,
"The Up and Comers", pp. 1 - 29. Wiley Publishing. Retrieved February
^ "WATERGATE: Key Players: Carl Bernstein". The Washington Post
Retrieved February 6, 2014.
^ a b c "HE WENT FROM WATERGATE TO 'HEARTBURN,' FROM INVESTIGATIVE
SUPERSTAR TO CELEBRITY DINNER GUEST. NOW BERNSTEIN'S BACK WITH AN
EVOCATIVE BOOK ON HIS EMBATTLED CHILDHOOD, BUT HE'S Still Carl After
All These Years". The Washington Post. March 19, 1989. Retrieved
August 16, 2007.
^ "University of Texas". Hrc.utexas.edu. 2008-03-21. Retrieved
^ Google Books , accessed September 7, 2011
^ Cathnews. "
Carl Bernstein on John Paul II's great victory".
Cathnews. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved May
^ "Hawes Publications Adult New York Times Best Seller Lists for
2007". Hawes.com. Retrieved 2017-02-15.
^ Italie, Hillel (December 18, 2007). "Books: Hits And Misses In
2007". CBS News. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
^ Newsweek.com , published July 9, 2011
Carl Bernstein Spoke at Event Supporting
Iranian 'Terrorist' Group". ProPublica. 2012-08-31. Retrieved
^ a b "Baroness Jay's political progress". BBC News. July 31, 2001.
Retrieved August 16, 2007.
^ "Get real – ageing's not all Helen Mirren". London: The Times.
March 4, 2007. Archived from the original on March 7, 2007. Retrieved
May 18, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
All the President's Men
All the President's Men (1976)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved
February 4, 2017.
^ "Bruce McCullough". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 4,
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