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Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
(/ˈbɜːrnstiːn/ BURN-steen; born February 14, 1944) is an American investigative journalist and author. While a young reporter for The Washington Post
The Washington Post
in 1972, Bernstein was teamed up with Bob Woodward; the two did much of the original news reporting on the Watergate
Watergate
scandal. These scandals led to numerous government investigations and the eventual resignation of President Richard Nixon. The work of Woodward and Bernstein was called "maybe the single greatest reporting effort of all time" by longtime journalism figure Gene Roberts.[1] Bernstein's career since Watergate
Watergate
has continued to focus on the theme of the use and abuse of power via books and magazine articles. He has also done reporting for television and opinion commentary. He is the author or co-author of six books: All the President's Men, The Final Days, and The Secret Man, with Bob Woodward; His Holiness: John Paul II and the History of Our Time, with Marco Politi (it); Loyalties; and A Woman in Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton.[2] Additionally, he is a regular political commentator on CNN.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Watergate 3 After Watergate 4 Personal life 5 Portrayals 6 Books authored 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Early life and career[edit] Bernstein was born to a Jewish family[3] in Washington, D.C., the son of Sylvia (Walker) and Alfred Bernstein. He attended Montgomery Blair High School in Silver Spring, Maryland, where he worked as circulation and exchange manager[4] for the school's newspaper Silver Chips. He began his journalism career at the age of 16 when he became a copyboy for The Washington Star
The Washington Star
and moved "quickly through the ranks."[2] The Star, however, unofficially required a college degree to write for the paper. Because he had dropped out from the University of Maryland (where he was a reporter for the school's independent daily, The Diamondback[5]) and did not intend to finish, Bernstein left in 1965 to become a full-time reporter for the Elizabeth Daily Journal in New Jersey.[6] While there, he won first prize in New Jersey's press association for investigative reporting, feature writing, and news on a deadline.[2] In 1966, Bernstein left New Jersey and began reporting for The Washington Post, where he covered every aspect of local news and became known as one of the paper's best writing stylists.[7] Watergate[edit]

Watergate
Watergate
scandal

Watergate
Watergate
complex

Events

List

Presidency of Richard Nixon Timeline Nixon White House tapes Operation Sandwedge Operation Gemstone 1972 U.S. presidential election "Saturday Night Massacre" "White House horrors" United States
United States
v. Nixon Resignation speech Inauguration of Gerald Ford

People

Watergate
Watergate
burglars

Bernard Barker Virgilio Gonzalez Eugenio Martínez James W. McCord Jr. Frank Sturgis

Groups

Master list of Nixon's political opponents Nixon's Enemies List Watergate
Watergate
Babies Watergate
Watergate
Seven White House Plumbers

CRP

Committee for the Re-Election of the President (CRP)

Fred LaRue Jeb Stuart Magruder Robert Mardian John N. Mitchell Kenneth Parkinson Hugh W. Sloan Jr. Maurice Stans

White House

President Richard Nixon Alexander Butterfield Charles Colson John Dean John Ehrlichman Gerald Ford H. R. Haldeman E. Howard Hunt Egil Krogh G. Gordon Liddy Gordon C. Strachan Rose Mary Woods

Judiciary

Archibald Cox Leon Jaworski John Sirica

Journalists

Carl Bernstein Bob Woodward Ben Bradlee Howard Simons Lesley Stahl The Washington Post

Intelligence community

Mark Felt
Mark Felt
("Deep Throat") L. Patrick Gray Richard Helms James R. Schlesinger

Congress

Howard Baker Sam Ervin Peter W. Rodino U.S. Senate Watergate
Watergate
Committee Impeachment process

Related

Frank Wills (security guard) James F. Neal
James F. Neal
(prosecutor) All the President's Men
All the President's Men
(book, film) The Final Days (book, film) Dick (film)

v t e

Main article: Watergate
Watergate
scandal On a Saturday in June 1972, Bernstein was assigned, along with Bob Woodward, to cover a break-in at the Watergate
Watergate
office complex that had occurred earlier the same morning. Five burglars had been caught red-handed in the complex, where the Democratic National Committee
Democratic National Committee
had its headquarters; one of them turned out to be an ex- CIA
CIA
agent who did security work for the Republicans. In the series of stories that followed, Bernstein and Woodward eventually connected the burglars to a massive slush fund and a corrupt attorney general. Bernstein was the first to suspect that President Nixon was involved, and he found a laundered check that linked Nixon to the burglary.[8] Bernstein and Woodward's discoveries led to further investigations of Nixon, and on August 9, 1974, amid hearings by the House Judiciary Committee, Nixon resigned in order to avoid facing impeachment. In 1974, two years after the Watergate
Watergate
burglary and two months before Nixon resigned, Bernstein and Woodward released the book All the President's Men. The book drew upon the notes and research accumulated while writing articles about the scandal for the Post and "remained on best-seller lists for six months." In 1975 it was turned into a movie starring Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
as Bernstein and Robert Redford
Robert Redford
as Woodward.[9] A second book, The Final Days, was published by Bernstein and Woodward in 1976 as a follow-up chronicling Nixon's last days in office.[10] After Watergate[edit] Bernstein left The Washington Post
The Washington Post
in 1977 and began investigating a secret relationship between the CIA
CIA
and American media during the Cold War. He spent a year researching the article, which was published as a 25,000-word piece in Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine. He then began working for ABC News. Between 1980 and 1984, Bernstein was the network's Washington Bureau Chief and then a senior correspondent. In 1982, for ABC's Nightline, Bernstein was the first to report[citation needed] during the Israeli invasion of Lebanon that Ariel Sharon
Ariel Sharon
had "deceived the cabinet about the real intention of the operation—to drive the Palestinians out of Lebanon, not (as he had claimed) to merely establish a 25-kilometer security zone north from the border."[citation needed] Two years after leaving ABC News, Bernstein released the book Loyalties: A Son's Memoir, in which he revealed that his parents had been members of the Communist Party of America. The assertion shocked some because even J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover
had tried and been unable to prove that Bernstein's parents had been party members.[8] In 1992, also for Time, Bernstein wrote a cover story publicizing the alliance between Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
and President Ronald Reagan. Later, along with Vatican expert Marco Politi, he published a papal biography entitled His Holiness. Bernstein wrote in the 1996 book that the Pope’s role in supporting Solidarity in his native Poland, and his geopolitical dexterity combined with enormous spiritual influence, was a principal factor in the downfall of communism in Europe.[11] In 1992, Bernstein wrote a cover story for The New Republic
The New Republic
magazine indicting modern journalism for its sensationalism and celebration of gossip over real news. The article was entitled "The Idiot Culture". Bernstein's biography of Hillary Rodham Clinton, A Woman In Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton, was published by Alfred A. Knopf on June 5, 2007. Knopf had a first printing of 275,000 copies. It appeared on The New York Times Best Seller list for three weeks.[12] A CBS News
CBS News
end-of-year survey of publishing "hits and misses" included A Woman in Charge in the "miss" category and implied that its total sales were somewhere in the range of perhaps 55,000-65,000 copies.[13] Bernstein is a frequent guest and analyst on television news programs, and most recently wrote articles for Newsweek/The Daily Beast, comparing Rupert Murdoch's News of the World
News of the World
phone-hacking scandal to Watergate.[14] In 2012, Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
spoke at a rally of People's Mujahedin of Iran, an opposition Iranian organization that had previously been listed as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the United States, reportedly receiving a payment for his speech. [15] Personal life[edit] Bernstein has been married three times, first to a fellow reporter at The Washington Post, Carol Honsa; then to writer and director Nora Ephron from 1976 to 1980; and since 2003 to the former model Christine Kuehbeck. During his marriage to Ephron, Bernstein met Margaret Jay, daughter of British Prime Minister James Callaghan
James Callaghan
and wife of Peter Jay, then UK ambassador to the United States. They had a much-publicized extramarital relationship in 1979. Margaret later became a government minister in her own right.[16] Bernstein and second wife Ephron already had an infant son, Jacob, and she was pregnant with their second son, Max, in 1979 when she learned of her husband's affair with Jay. Ephron delivered Max prematurely after finding out.[17] Ephron was inspired by the events to write the 1983 novel Heartburn,[16] which was made into a 1986 film starring Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
and Meryl Streep. While single, in the 1980s, Bernstein became known for dating Bianca Jagger, Martha Stewart
Martha Stewart
and Elizabeth Taylor,[8] among others. Bernstein currently resides in New York with his wife Christine. Portrayals[edit] Bernstein was portrayed by Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
in the film version of All the President's Men,[18] and by Bruce McCulloch in the 1999 comedy film Dick.[19] In the 1986 film Heartburn, based on the novel, Jack Nicholson's role was a thinly veiled portrayal of Bernstein. Books authored[edit]

All the President's Men—with Bob Woodward
Bob Woodward
(1974) ISBN 0-671-21781-X, The Final Days—with Bob Woodward
Bob Woodward
(1976) ISBN 0-671-22298-8 Loyalties: A Son's Memoir (1989) His Holiness: John Paul II & the History of Our Time—with Marco Politi (1996) The Secret Man - with Bob Woodward
Bob Woodward
(2005) ISBN 0-7432-8715-0 A Woman in Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton
Hillary Rodham Clinton
(2007) ISBN 0-375-40766-9

See also[edit] Biography portal References[edit]

^ Roy J. Harris, Jr., Pulitzer's Gold, 2007, p. 233, Columbia: University of Missouri Press, ISBN 9780826217684. ^ a b c "Carl Bernstein". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 6, 2014. ^ Silbiger, Steve (May 25, 2000). The Jewish Phenomenon: Seven Keys to the Enduring Wealth of a People. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 190. ISBN 9781589794900.  ^ "Yes, kids, there is life after high school". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2017-02-15.  ^ MICHAEL OLESKER (February 25, 1996). "Parking, paying and getting pilloried - tribunedigital-baltimoresun". Articles.baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2017-02-15.  ^ Shepard, Alicia C. (May 2, 2008). Woodward and Bernstein. Chapter 1, "The Up and Comers", pp. 1 - 29. Wiley Publishing. Retrieved February 6, 2014. ^ "WATERGATE: Key Players: Carl Bernstein". The Washington Post Retrieved February 6, 2014. ^ a b c "HE WENT FROM WATERGATE TO 'HEARTBURN,' FROM INVESTIGATIVE SUPERSTAR TO CELEBRITY DINNER GUEST. NOW BERNSTEIN'S BACK WITH AN EVOCATIVE BOOK ON HIS EMBATTLED CHILDHOOD, BUT HE'S Still Carl After All These Years". The Washington Post. March 19, 1989. Retrieved August 16, 2007.  ^ "University of Texas". Hrc.utexas.edu. 2008-03-21. Retrieved 2017-02-15.  ^ Google Books [1], accessed September 7, 2011 ^ Cathnews. " Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
on John Paul II's great victory". Cathnews. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2011.  ^ "Hawes Publications Adult New York Times Best Seller Lists for 2007". Hawes.com. Retrieved 2017-02-15.  ^ Italie, Hillel (December 18, 2007). "Books: Hits And Misses In 2007". CBS News. Retrieved October 27, 2016.  ^ Newsweek.com [2], published July 9, 2011 ^ " Watergate
Watergate
Journalist Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
Spoke at Event Supporting Iranian 'Terrorist' Group". ProPublica. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2017-02-15.  ^ a b "Baroness Jay's political progress". BBC News. July 31, 2001. Retrieved August 16, 2007.  ^ "Get real – ageing's not all Helen Mirren". London: The Times. March 4, 2007. Archived from the original on March 7, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ " All the President's Men
All the President's Men
(1976)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 4, 2017.  ^ "Bruce McCullough". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 4, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Carl Bernstein

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carl Bernstein.

Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
official site Appearances on C-SPAN Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
on IMDb Works by or about Carl Bernstein
Carl Bernstein
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) Profile at The Washington Post Watergate
Watergate
Papers Web Exhibition at the Harry Ransom Center
Harry Ransom Center
at the University of Texas at Austin, with inventory

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Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 108987085 LCCN: n82130566 ISNI: 0000 0000 8406 3455 GND: 132720663 SELIBR: 306238 SUDOC: 050541277 BNF: cb125897482 (data) NDL: 00433125 NKC: xx0003

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