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Carl Spitzweg
Carl Spitzweg
(February 5, 1808 – September 23, 1885) was a German romanticist painter, especially of genre subjects. He is considered to be one of the most important artists of the Biedermeier
Biedermeier
era.

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Forgeries 3 Paintings 4 References and sources 5 External links

Life and career[edit]

Dirndln auf der Alm, c. 1870s

In the Alpine High Valley in Mt. Wendelstein, c. 1871

Jugendfreunde, c.1855

Begegnung im Walde, A Woodland Meeting, c. 1860

He was born in Unterpfaffenhofen, the second of three sons of Franziska (née Schmutzer) and Simon Spitzweg.[1] His father, a wealthy merchant, had Carl trained as a pharmacist. He attained his qualification from the University of Munich
Munich
but, while recovering from an illness, he also took up painting. Spitzweg was self-taught as an artist, starting out by copying the works of Flemish masters. He contributed his first work to satiric magazines. Upon receiving an inheritance in 1833, he was able to dedicate himself to painting. Later, Spitzweg visited European art centers in Prague, Venice, Paris, London, and Belgium
Belgium
studying the works of various artists and refining his technique and style. His later paintings and drawings are often humorous genre works. Many of his paintings depict sharply characterized eccentrics, for example The Bookworm (1850) and The Hypochondriac (c. 1865, in the Neue Pinakothek, Munich). His paintings inspired the musical comedy Das kleine Hofkonzert by Edmund Nick. Playing Piano, an etching by Spitzweg, was found as part of the 2012 Nazi loot discovery.[2] Spitzweg is buried in the Alter Südfriedhof
Alter Südfriedhof
in Munich. Forgeries[edit] In the late 1930s an art forgery case in Germany involved 54 paintings which had been passed off as Spitzweg originals. They had been painted by a Traunstein copyist named Toni who worked from reproductions and picture postcards. Toni signed the works with his own name as "after Spitzweg", but fraudsters later removed his name and artificially aged the paintings in order to sell them as originals. At the Stuttgart Criminal Court Assizes the conspirators were jailed for up to ten years for the swindle.[3] Paintings[edit]

English Tourists in Campagna, 1845

A Woodland Meeting Ash Wednesday Disputing Monks Music-making Hermit before his Rocky Abode Schoolchildren in the Woodland Spanish Serenade The Bookworm The Cactus Friend The Intercepted Love Letter The Mineral-collector in the Grotto The Poor Poet

The Bookworm, original 1850, Museum Georg Schäfer. Two other exemplars exist.

Music-making Hermit before his Rocky Abode, c. 1856–1858

The Poor Poet, 1839, Neue Pinakothek

Newspaper reader in his backyard, c. 1845–1858

The butterfly hunter, 1840, a depiction from the era of butterfly collection

The Letter Carrier in the Rose Valley, c. 1858–18

Gnome Watching Railway Train, c. 1848

The Attic, c. 1840s

The Hermit Asleep

The Painter in a Forest Clearing, Lying under an Umbrella, c. 1850

Arrival of the Stagecoach, c. 1859

The Serenade, 1854

References and sources[edit] References

^ Jensen, Jens Christian (2002). Karl Spitzweg, Museum Georg Schäfer. Prestel. p. 342.  ^ "Photo Gallery: Munich
Munich
Nazi Art Stash Revealed". Spiegel. November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013.  ^ Schuller, Sepp. (1960) Forgers, Dealers, Experts: Adventures in the Twilight of Art Forgery. Translated from the German by James Cleugh. London: Arthur Barker, p. 93.

Sources

Murray, P. & L. (1996). Dictionary of Art and Artists. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051300-0.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about Carl Spitzweg.

Media related to Carl Spitzweg
Carl Spitzweg
at Wikimedia Commons Biography and selected paintings of Carl Spitzweg The Spitzweg Game Spitzweg Gallery at MuseumSyndicate Milwaukee Art Museum has a large Spitzweg collection German masters of the nineteenth century: paintings and drawings from the Federal Republic of Germany, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Carl Spitzweg (no. 87–90)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59091392 LCCN: n50024563 ISNI: 0000 0001 2134 8215 GND: 118616307 SUDOC: 027886050 BNF: cb11983169g (data) ULAN: 500025223 NLA: 35517277 RKD: 74374 SN

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