Carl Spitzweg (February 5, 1808 – September 23, 1885) was a German
romanticist painter, especially of genre subjects. He is considered to
be one of the most important artists of the
1 Life and career
4 References and sources
5 External links
Life and career
Dirndln auf der Alm, c. 1870s
In the Alpine High Valley in Mt. Wendelstein, c. 1871
Begegnung im Walde, A Woodland Meeting, c. 1860
He was born in Unterpfaffenhofen, the second of three sons of
Franziska (née Schmutzer) and Simon Spitzweg. His father, a
wealthy merchant, had Carl trained as a pharmacist. He attained his
qualification from the University of
Munich but, while recovering from
an illness, he also took up painting. Spitzweg was self-taught as an
artist, starting out by copying the works of Flemish masters. He
contributed his first work to satiric magazines. Upon receiving an
inheritance in 1833, he was able to dedicate himself to painting.
Later, Spitzweg visited European art centers in Prague, Venice, Paris,
Belgium studying the works of various artists and refining
his technique and style. His later paintings and drawings are often
humorous genre works. Many of his paintings depict sharply
characterized eccentrics, for example The Bookworm (1850) and The
Hypochondriac (c. 1865, in the Neue Pinakothek, Munich).
His paintings inspired the musical comedy
Das kleine Hofkonzert by
Playing Piano, an etching by Spitzweg, was found as part of the 2012
Nazi loot discovery.
Spitzweg is buried in the
Alter Südfriedhof in Munich.
In the late 1930s an art forgery case in Germany involved 54 paintings
which had been passed off as Spitzweg originals. They had been painted
by a Traunstein copyist named Toni who worked from reproductions and
picture postcards. Toni signed the works with his own name as "after
Spitzweg", but fraudsters later removed his name and artificially aged
the paintings in order to sell them as originals. At the Stuttgart
Criminal Court Assizes the conspirators were jailed for up to ten
years for the swindle.
English Tourists in Campagna, 1845
A Woodland Meeting
Music-making Hermit before his Rocky Abode
Schoolchildren in the Woodland
The Cactus Friend
The Intercepted Love Letter
The Mineral-collector in the Grotto
The Poor Poet
The Bookworm, original 1850, Museum Georg Schäfer. Two other
Music-making Hermit before his Rocky Abode, c. 1856–1858
The Poor Poet, 1839, Neue Pinakothek
Newspaper reader in his backyard, c. 1845–1858
The butterfly hunter, 1840, a depiction from the era of butterfly
The Letter Carrier in the Rose Valley, c. 1858–18
Gnome Watching Railway Train, c. 1848
The Attic, c. 1840s
The Hermit Asleep
The Painter in a Forest Clearing, Lying under an Umbrella, c. 1850
Arrival of the Stagecoach, c. 1859
The Serenade, 1854
References and sources
^ Jensen, Jens Christian (2002). Karl Spitzweg, Museum Georg Schäfer.
Prestel. p. 342.
^ "Photo Gallery:
Munich Nazi Art Stash Revealed". Spiegel. November
17, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
^ Schuller, Sepp. (1960) Forgers, Dealers, Experts: Adventures in the
Twilight of Art Forgery. Translated from the German by James Cleugh.
London: Arthur Barker, p. 93.
Murray, P. & L. (1996). Dictionary of Art and Artists. London:
Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051300-0.
Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia
article about Carl Spitzweg.
Media related to
Carl Spitzweg at Wikimedia Commons
Biography and selected paintings of Carl Spitzweg
The Spitzweg Game
Spitzweg Gallery at MuseumSyndicate
Milwaukee Art Museum has a large Spitzweg collection
German masters of the nineteenth century: paintings and drawings from
the Federal Republic of Germany, a full text exhibition catalog from
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Carl
Spitzweg (no. 87–90)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2134 8215
BNF: cb11983169g (data)