The Info List - Capulin Volcano National Monument

Capulin Volcano
National Monument is a U.S. National Monument
U.S. National Monument
located in northeastern New Mexico
New Mexico
that protects and interprets an extinct cinder cone volcano that is part of the Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field. A paved road spirals around the volcano and visitors can drive up to a parking lot at the rim. Hiking trails circle the rim as well as lead down into the mouth of the volcano. The monument was designated on August 9, 1916 and is administered by the National Park Service. The visitor center features exhibits about the volcano and the area's geology, natural and cultural history, and offers educational programs about volcanoes. There is also a video presentation about the volcano. The name capulin comes from a type of black cherry, Prunus virginiana, that is native to southern North America.


1 Description 2 Monument History 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Description[edit] From the National Park Service:[1]

Capulin Volcano
National Monument is a well-preserved, relatively young (58,000 to 62,000 years old), symmetrical cinder cone. It rises steeply from the surrounding grassland plains to an elevation of 8,182 feet above sea level. The irregular rim of the crater is about a mile in circumference and the crater about 400 feet deep. Capulin Volcano
is one of the outstanding landmarks located in the northeast corner of New Mexico, where the rolling grasslands meet the foothills of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Capulin Volcano's highest point provides unobstructed, panoramic views of the volcanic field, distant snow-capped mountains, and portions of five states (New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas and Colorado). Capulin Volcano
also offers visitors excellent opportunities for observing and understanding volcanic formation. The large volcanic field surrounding the monument contains at least 100 recognizable volcanoes, and aids visitors in gaining insights into 10 million years of the geological history of northern New Mexico.

The grass-covered outer slope of the cinder cone.

A trail leads from the parking lot to the crater floor.

View from the summit.

Panorama view from the top.

A satellite image of the volcano (center) and the surrounding area

Monument History[edit] According to the National Park Service:[3] On January 16, 1891, Capulin Mountain was

…withdrawn from settlement, entry or other disposition under any of the public land laws, until such time as Congress may see fit to take action touching the same or until otherwise ordered by competent authority…

On August 9, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
set Capulin aside as a U.S. National Monument
U.S. National Monument
by Presidential Proclamation No. 1340, to preserve "…a striking example of recent extinct volcanoes … which …is of great scientific and especially geologic interest…" Public Law 87-635, 87th Congress, S.2973, September 5, 1962, amended the proclamation to "…preserve the scenic and scientific integrity of Capulin Mountain National Monument…" because of the significance of Capulin Volcano. On December 31, 1987, Congress changed the Monument's name from Capulin Mountain National Monument to Capulin Volcano
National Monument by Public Law 100-225 (101 Stat. 1547).

Capulin Volcano, viewed from the west (1909)

Congealed lava flows, viewed from the top of Capulin Volcano

Capulin Volcano, viewed from the west (1916)

Capulin Mountain as seen from the highway near dusk (2010)

See also[edit]

Sierra Grande
Sierra Grande
to the southeast Johnson Mesa
Johnson Mesa
to the northwest Eastern New Mexico Black Mesa (Oklahoma)
Black Mesa (Oklahoma)
to the northeast


^ a b National Park Service. "Geology". Capulin Volcano. Retrieved 25 October 2009.  ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-12.  ^ a b National Park Service. "History & Culture". Capulin Volcano. Retrieved 25 October 2009.  ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Capulin Volcano
National Monument.

nps.gov: official Capulin Volcano
National Monument website — NPS - National Park Service. Sangres.com: Information and photos NPS — "Geology Fieldnotes: Capulin Volcano
National Monument"

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Protected areas of New Mexico

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Carlsbad Caverns

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Chaco Culture Manhattan Project Pecos

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Aztec Ruins Bandelier Capulin Volcano El Malpais El Morro Fort Union Gila Cliff Dwellings Petroglyph Salinas Pueblo Missions White Sands

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See List of National Natural Landmarks in New Mexico

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Admiralty Island African Burial Ground Agate Fossil Beds Agua Fria Alibates Flint Quarries Aniakchak Aztec Ruins Bandelier Basin and Range Bears Ears Belmont-Paul Women's Equality Berryessa Snow Mountain Booker T. Washington Browns Canyon Buck Island Reef Cabrillo California Coastal Canyon de Chelly Canyons of the Ancients Cape Krusenstern Capulin Volcano Carrizo Plain Casa Grande Ruins Cascade–Siskiyou Castillo de San Marcos Castle Clinton Castle Mountains Cedar Breaks César E. Chávez Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers Chimney Rock Chiricahua Colorado Craters of the Moon Devils Postpile Devils Tower Dinosaur Effigy Mounds El Malpais El Morro Florissant Fossil Beds Fort Frederica Fort Matanzas Fort McHenry Fort Monroe Fort Ord Fort Pulaski Fort Stanwix Fort Sumter Fort Union Fossil Butte George Washington Birthplace George Washington Carver Giant Sequoia Gila Cliff Dwellings Gold Butte Governors Island Grand Canyon-Parashant Grand Portage Grand Staircase-Escalante Hagerman Fossil Beds Hanford Reach Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Hohokam Pima Homestead Honouliuli Hovenweep Ironwood Forest Jewel Cave John Day Fossil Beds Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks Katahdin Woods and Waters Lava Beds Little Bighorn Battlefield Marianas Trench Marine Military Working Dog Teams Misty Fjords Mojave Trails Montezuma Castle Mount St. Helens Muir Woods Natural Bridges Navajo Newberry Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Ocmulgee Oregon Caves Organ Pipe Cactus Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks Pacific Remote Islands Marine Papahānaumokuākea Marine Petroglyph Pipe Spring Pipestone Pompeys Pillar Poverty Point Prehistoric Trackways President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home Pullman Rainbow Bridge Río Grande del Norte Rose Atoll Marine Russell Cave Salinas Pueblo Missions San Gabriel Mountains San Juan Islands Sand to Snow Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains Scotts Bluff Sonoran Desert Statue of Liberty Stonewall Sunset Crater
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Mountains of New Mexico

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Big Hatchet Peak

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Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field

Capulin Volcano Sierra Grande

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