U.S. state, any constituent state of the United States
Rechtsstaat, the legal state (constitutional state, state subordinated to law) in the philosophy of law and as a principle of many national constitutions
Sovereign state, a sovereign political entity in international law, commonly referred to as a "country"
Nation-state, a state (usually sovereign) in which the great majority identify as a single culture (often defined as an ethnic group)
The Estates or the States, a national assembly of the estates of the realm, an early form of legislature that was common throughout feudal Europe
United States Department of State, a division of the executive branch of the United States federal government, dealing with foreign affairs; sometimes referred to as "State", for short, in American political jargon.