Canon of Trent usually refers to the list of biblical books that were
Council of Trent
Council of Trent on to be officially considered canonical.
This was a decree, the De Canonicis Scripturis, from the Council's
fourth session (of 4 April 1546), issuing an anathema on dissenters of
the books affirmed in Trent, which passed by vote (24 yea, 15 nay,
16 abstain). With its decision, the
Council of Trent
Council of Trent confirmed the
identical list already locally approved in 1442 by the Council of
Florence (Session 11, 4 February 1442), and that had existed in the
earliest canonical lists from the synods of Carthage and Rome in
the fourth century.
The list confirmed that the deuterocanonical books were on a par with
the other books of the canon (while Luther placed these books in the
Apocrypha of his canon) and ended debate on the
coordinated church tradition with the Scriptures as a rule of faith.
It also affirmed Jerome's
Latin translation, the Vulgate, to be
authoritative for the text of Scripture, contrary to
that the Greek and Hebrew texts were more authoritative. Later, on 3
Pope Pius XII
Pope Pius XII issued the encyclical Divino afflante
Spiritu, which allowed Catholic translations to be based on texts
other than the
1.1 Old Testament
1.2 New Testament
2 See also
4 External links
Of the Old Testament: the five books of Moses, to wit, Genesis,
Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy; Josue, Judges, Ruth, four
books of Kings, two of Paralipomenon, the first book of Esdras, and
the second which is entitled Nehemias; Tobias, Judith, Esther, Job,
the Davidical Psalter, consisting of a hundred and fifty psalms; the
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Canticle of Canticles, Wisdom,
Ecclesiasticus, Isaias, Jeremias, with Baruch; Ezechiel, Daniel; the
twelve minor prophets, to wit, Osee, Joel, Amos, Abdias, Jonas,
Micheas, Nahum, Habacuc, Sophonias, Aggaeus, Zacharias, Malachias; two
books of the Machabees, the first and the second.
Of the New Testament: the four Gospels, according to Matthew, Mark,
Luke, and John; the
Acts of the Apostles
Acts of the Apostles written by Luke the
Evangelist; fourteen epistles of Paul the apostle, (one) to the
Romans, two to the Corinthians, (one) to the Galatians, to the
Ephesians, to the Philippians, to the Colossians, two to the
Thessalonians, two to Timothy, (one) to Titus, to Philemon, to the
Hebrews; two of Peter the apostle, three of John the apostle [ 1, 2, 3
], one of the apostle James, one of Jude the apostle, and the
Apocalypse of John the apostle.
^ Ed. and trans. by Waterworth, J. "The Council of Trent" (PDF).
p. 19 . Retrieved 28 July 2017. But if any one receive not, as
sacred and canonical, the said books entire with all their parts, as
they have been used to be read in the Catholic Church, and as they are
contained in the old
Latin vulgate edition; and knowingly and
deliberately contemn the traditions aforesaid; let him be
^ Metzger, Bruce M. (March 13, 1997). The Canon of the New Testament:
Its Origin, Development, and Significance. Oxford University Press.
p. 246. ISBN 0-19-826954-4. Finally on 8 April 1546, by a
vote of 24 to 15, with 16 abstensions, the Council issued a decree (De
Canonicis Scripturis) in which, for the first time in the history of
the Church, the question of the contents of the Bible was made an
absolute article of faith and confirmed by an anathema.
^ "Council of Basel 1431-45 A". Papalencyclicals.net. Retrieved 7
^ Philip Schaff, "Chapter IX. Theological Controversies, and
Development of the Ecumenical Orthodoxy", History of the Christian
^ a b "Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent".
Bible-researcher.com. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
The full text of Decree concerning the Canonical Script