The Gold Maple Leaf is legal tender with a face value of 50 Canadian dollars. The market value of the metal varies, depending on the spot price of gold. Having a .9999 millesimal fineness (24 carats), in some cases .99999, the coin is among the purest official bullion coins worldwide. The standard version has a weight of minimum 1 troy ounce (31.10 grammes). Other sizes and denominations include 1 gram, 1⁄25 oz. ($0.50), 1⁄20 oz. ($1), 1⁄10 oz. ($5), 1⁄4 oz. ($10), and 1⁄2 oz. ($20).
The Gold Maple Leaf's obverse and reverse display, respectively, the profile of Queen Elizabeth II of Canada and the Canadian Maple Leaf. In 2013 and 2015 new security features were introduced. In 2013, a laser-micro-engraved textured maple leaf was added on a small area of the reverse (Maple Leaf) side of the coin. In the centre of this mark is the numeral denoting the coin’s year of issue, which is only visible under magnification. In 2015, the radial lines on the coin's background on both sides of the coin were added.
On 3 May 2007, the Royal Canadian Mint unveiled a Gold Maple Leaf coin with a nominal face value of $1 million and a metal value of over $3.5 million. It measures 50 cm in diameter by 3 cm thick and has a mass of 100 kg, with a purity of 99.999%. The artist is Stanley Witten. On March 26, 2017 one of the five copies with a gold value of 4 million US$ was stolen from the Bode Museum.
The coin was introduced in 1979. At the time the only bullion coin was the Krugerrand, which was not widely available because of the economic boycott of apartheid-era South Africa. Coins minted between 1979 and 1982 have a gold content of .999.
|1979–1982||1 oz.||.999||39-year-old Queen|
|November 1982 – 1985||1 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz.||.9999|
|1986–1989||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz.||.9999|
|1990–1992||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz.||.9999||64-year-old Queen|
|1993||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz., 1⁄20 oz.||.9999|
|1994||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz., 1⁄15 oz., 1⁄20 oz.||.9999|
|1995–2004||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz., 1⁄20 oz.||.9999|
|2005–2013||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz., 1⁄20 oz.||.9999||79-year-old Queen|
|2014–present||1 oz., 1⁄2 oz., 1⁄4 oz., 1⁄10 oz., 1⁄20 oz., 1 gram.||.9999|
The .9999 1982 Gold Maple Leafs began minting in November. Thus, most of the 1982 Gold Maple Leafs are .999 fine.
Some dealers have complained about the production quality of the Gold Maples. The softness of 24 karat gold combined with the Gold Maples' milled edge, clear field around the Queen and the tube storage supplied, means that the coins easily show handling marks. This is a standard problem with pure gold.
As a way of commemorating 25 years as an industry leader in bullion coins, the Royal Canadian Mint created a unique six-coin set. mint.ca It was a new bimetallic maple leaf, set in bullion finish (a brilliant relief against a parallel lined background). The six-coin set was the first to include the 1⁄25 oz Maple Leaf denomination. Each coin included a double-date of 1979–2004, and the 1 oz coin featured a commemorative privy mark. All coins were packaged in a black leather presentation case with a black velour insert, along with a certificate of authenticity. Mintage: 839 sets.
|Year||Theme||Face Value||Size||Composition||Au Weight||Ag Weight
(Total - Au)
of the coin
|2004||25th Anniversary, Gold Maple Leaf|
|$0.50||1⁄25 oz||.9999 silver||.9999 gold||1.270||0.769||2.039||16.00|
|2004||25th Anniversary, Gold Maple Leaf||RCM Engravers||839||$2,495.95||Bullion|
The gold Maple Leaf coin was .999 pure until 1982, when its purity was raised to .9999. Some coins are issued at a purity of .99999; this standard does not replace the Mint's .9999 Gold Maple Leaf coins, but is instead reserved for special editions.
2012 Five Hundred Dollar Coin 5 ounce 9999 gold maple leaf forever, mintage of 200
|Year||Theme||Artist||Mintage||Issue Price||Special Notes||Image|
|2005||Fifty Dollar Coin||N/A||at first 600
|N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold - experimental issue|
|2007||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Stanley Witten||500||$1,899.95||test bullion coin, 1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold, privy t/e - test coin, comes encapsulated and presented in a maroon flock-lined clamshell case, available to collectors who enter draw-to-buy|
|2007||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Stanley Witten||30,848||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold, packaged in assay card|
|2007||One Million Dollar Coin||Stanley Witten||5 (As of May 3, 2007[update])||N/A||The coin has a mass of 100 kg (which is 3215 troy ounces). One of these coins has been stolen from Berlin's Bode Museum on March 27, 2017.|
|2008||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||1,700||$1,394.64||Special Limited Edition First Strike|
|2008||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||27,476||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold, packaged in assay card|
|2009||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Stanley Witten||13,765||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold, packaged in assay card|
|2011||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Ago Aarand||8,408||N/A||Canadian Mountie Maple Leaf; 1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, packaged in assay card|
|2012||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Stanley Witten||N/A||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, the picture of the maple leaf on the reverse is the same as on the coin from 2007, but moved right nearly 90 degrees - as on the 100 kg coin, packaged in assay card|
|2014||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Pierre Leduc||N/A||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, Gold Howling Wolf, packaged in assay card|
|2014||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Pierre Leduc||2000||CAD2799,95||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, Gold Howling Wolf, proof version comes encapsulated and presented in a maroon flock-lined clamshell case|
|2015||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Pierre Leduc||N/A||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, Gold Growling Cougar, packaged in assay card|
|2015||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Pierre Leduc||250||CAD2799,95||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, Gold Growling Cougar, proof version comes encapsulated and presented in a maroon flock-lined clamshell case|
|2016||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Pierre Leduc||N/A||N/A||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, Gold Roaring Grizzly, third and last of series, packaged in assay card|
|2016||Two Hundred Dollar Coin||Pierre Leduc||250||CAD2799,95||1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur, Gold Roaring Grizzly, proof version comes encapsulated and presented in a maroon flock-lined clamshell case|
|Year||Theme||Artist||Mintage||Issue Price||Special Notes|
|1999||20th Anniversary of the GML - fractional 5 coins||Walter Ott, RCM Engravers||13,025||N/A||These are the first coloured coins that the Royal Canadian Mint has ever produced |
|2010||Gold Maple Leaf Vancouver Olympics 3 x 31.15 g (1 oz)||Susanna Blunt||200||N/A||These are 3 coins of olympic series, but with red painted maple leafs on reverse - all in the wooden box|
|Year||Theme||Artist||Mintage||Issue Price||Special Notes|
|1999||$1, $5, $10, $20, $50 GML Hologram Set||Walter Ott, RCM Engravers||500||$1,995.00||First Coins for RCM to feature a hologram|
|2001||$1, $5, $10, $20, $50 GML Hologram Set||Walter Ott, RCM Engravers||600||$1,995.00||The only difference was the issue date on the coin; 2001 instead of former 1999|
|2001||$10 GML Hologram||Walter Ott, RCM Engravers||14,614||$195.00||1⁄4-oz|
|2009||$1, $5, $10, $50 Hologram Set, 30th Anniversary of Gold Maple Leaf||N/A||750||N/A||1⁄20 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1 oz - all packaged in a wodden box|
The Royal Canadian Mint and the International Olympic Committee have reached an agreement on Olympic Gold and Silver Maple Leaf coins. The announcement was made on August 3, 2007, and the agreement allows the RCM to strike bullion coins with the emblems of the 2010 winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. The issue will consist of two coins – one Gold Maple Leaf coin and a Canadian Silver Maple Leaf coin; both coins feature the date of 2008. The new agreement means that the RCM is now selling Olympic coins through all of its major business lines – bullion, circulation and numismatics.
|1989||10th Anniversary Coin||Walter Ott||6,817||Bullion Value||The only proof version, packaged in a wooden box separately or together with 1/2, 1/4 and 1/10 oz coins|
|1997||125th Anniversary of the RCMP||Ago Aarand||12,913||US$310.00||Guaranteed value of US$310 until January 1, 2000|
|1999||20th Anniversary Coin||N/A||N/A||Bullion Value||privy mark "20 years ans" on the reverse|
|2004||25th Anniversary of Gold Maple Leaf||Walter Ott||10,000||Bullion Value||Introduced at ANA World’s Fair of Money in Pittsburgh|
|2014||Bullion Replica||N/A||2000||CAD2699,95||Specimen version of Maple Leaf comes encapsulated and presented in a maroon flock-lined clamshell case and accompanied by a serialized certificate|
|2015||1/10 oz Gold Maple Theory of Relativity Privy||N/A||N/A||N/A||Frosted background version of Maple Leaf 1/10 oz with privy mark E=mc2 on the left|
|2015||Allied Gold/L'or des alliés||Joel Kimmel||1,500||$649.95||¼ oz. Flight of the Norwegian National Treasury (part of Operation Fish, that brought British, French, and Norwegian gold to Canada). The maple leaf of Canada is impaled with a Norwegian maple leaf.|
|Year||Privy Mark||Denomination||Size||Mintage||Special Notes|
|1997||Family||Five Dollars||1⁄10 oz||100,730||Made for Dillon Gage|
|1998||Eagles||Five Dollars||1⁄10-oz||51,440||Made for Dillon Gage|
|2000||Expo Hanover||Ten Dollars||1⁄4-oz||1,000||N/A|
|2001||Basle Coin Fair||Ten Dollars||1⁄4-oz||750||N/A|
|2001||Viking||50, 20, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄2-oz, 1⁄4-oz, 1⁄10-oz, 1⁄20-oz||850||Issued as a five coin set|
|2005||Liberation||Ten Dollars||1⁄4 oz||1,000||Made for Royal Dutch Mint|
|2005||Ten Dollars||1⁄4-oz||600 (other source 1300?)||reverse background of the coin is a "bricks" motive instead of standard parallel lines bullion finishing as on the obverse; M7 privy mark is on the standard right position|
|2006||Ten Dollars||1⁄4-oz||1093 (other source 1100?)||reverse upper half of the background of the coin has standard parallel lines bullion finishing as on the obverse, and the lower half has frosted finishing; M7 privy mark is on the standard right position|
|2007||Ten Dollars||1⁄4-oz||1000 - other source||reverse upper half of the background of the coin is frosted, lower half - with curved "sun rays" motive partly frosted on the parallel standard bullion finishing; on the obverse standard parallel lines bullion finishing; M7 privy mark is on the standard right position|
|Year||Description||Denomination||Size||Mintage||Issue Price||Special Notes|
|2011||Maple Leaf variations - standard leaf||50, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄20 oz||750||CAD3739,95||Issued as a four coin set in a wodden box plus a gold plated silver medallion - A centennial of world-class refining, all coins double dated 1911-2011, additionally on 1 oz coin privy mark "100 years/ans"|
|2012||Maple Leaf variations - three leaves||50, 20, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄2 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄20 oz||750||CAD3999,95||Issued as a five coin set in a wodden box - 5th Anniversary of the Million Dollar Coin|
|2013||Maple Leaf variations - two leaves||50, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄20 oz||600||CAD3899,95||Issued as a four coin set in a wodden box - 25th Anniversary Fractional Set|
|2014||Maple Leaf variations - three leaves||50, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄20 oz||600||CAD3999,95||Issued as a four coin set in a wodden box|
|2015||Maple Leaf variations - one leaf||50, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄20 oz||600||CAD3999,95||Issued as a four coin set in a wodden box, every 1 oz coin is numbered, different maple leaf on every coin|
|2016||Maple Leaf variations - one leaf with crown and letters||50, 10, 5, 1||1 oz, 1⁄4 oz, 1⁄10 oz, 1⁄20 oz||600||CAD3999,95||Issued as a four coin set in a wodden box, every 1 oz coin is numbered, obverse with crowned queen|