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The Canada Cup
Canada Cup
(French: Coupe Canada) was an invitational international ice hockey tournament held on five occasions between 1976 and 1991. The tournament was created to meet demand for a true world championship that allowed the best players from participating nations to compete regardless of their status as professional or amateur. It was sanctioned by the International Ice Hockey Federation, Hockey Canada
Hockey Canada
and the National Hockey League. Canada won the tournament four times, while the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
captured the championship once. It was succeeded by the World Cup of Hockey
World Cup of Hockey
in 1996.

Contents

1 History 2 Trophy

2.1 Controversy

3 Competitions 4 All-time results table 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History[edit] Due to National Hockey League
National Hockey League
(NHL) players' ineligibility in the Winter Olympics and the annual World Championships, both amateur competitions, Canada was not able to send its best players to top international tournaments.[1] While the top players in Europe qualified as amateurs, all the best Canadian players competed in the professional NHL or World Hockey Association. Following the 1972 and 1974 Summit Series, in which Canadian players from the NHL and WHA competed against the top players from the Soviet Union, there was interest in a world hockey championship where each country could send its best players.[1] In a combined effort from Doug Fisher of Hockey Canada
Hockey Canada
and Alan Eagleson of the NHL Players' Association,[1] plans for such a tournament soon began. After successful negotiations with hockey officials from the Soviet Union in September 1974, Eagleson began arranging the Canada Cup tournament, which debuted in 1976.[2] Eagleson would later plead guilty to embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars of Canada Cup proceeds. Taking place in the NHL off-season, it was the first international hockey tournament in which the best players, professional and amateur alike, from the best ice hockey nations in the world could compete against one another.[3] Six teams competed in each edition. In addition to Canada and the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United States were regular competitors (with the exception of West Germany replacing Finland in 1984). The tournaments, held every three or four years, took place in North American venues. Of the five Canada Cup
Canada Cup
tournaments, four were won by Canada, while the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
won once, in 1981. Canada won the inaugural Canada Cup
Canada Cup
in 1976, defeating recent 1976 World Championship gold medalists Czechoslovakia in the best-of-three final. The clinching game was won by a 5–4 score with Darryl Sittler scoring the game-winner in overtime.[3] Five years later, the Soviets won their first and only Canada Cup
Canada Cup
with an 8-1 win over Canada in the one-game final. The Canadians then re-captured the championship in the third edition of the tournament in 1984. After Canadian Mike Bossy scored an overtime game-winner to defeat the Soviets in the semi-finals, Canada won their second Canada Cup
Canada Cup
in a victory over Sweden in the final.[1] The 1987 Canada Cup was particularly noteworthy as Wayne Gretzky
Wayne Gretzky
and Mario Lemieux, widely considered two of the greatest hockey players of all-time, joined together as linemates on Team Canada to capture the country's third championship. All three games in the final between Canada and the Soviets ended in 6-5 scores, with two games going to overtime. Lemieux dramatically scored the championship-winning goal on a 2-on-1 pass from Gretzky in the final minutes of the deciding game at Copps Coliseum
Copps Coliseum
in Hamilton, Ontario. Gretzky won the Most valuable Player (MVP) Award in the tournament as he was the leading scorer (3 Goals - 18 assists - 21 Points).[4] The final Canada Cup
Canada Cup
was held in 1991 with Canada defeating the United States in the tournament's first all-North American final, for their third straight championship and fourth overall. Five years later, the Canada Cup
Canada Cup
was replaced by the World Cup of Hockey
World Cup of Hockey
in 1996. Trophy[edit] The Canada Cup
Canada Cup
trophy is shaped like half of a maple leaf and is made of solid nickel (120 pounds worth). It was refined at the Inco nickel smelter in Sudbury, Ontario in 1976, commissioned by D. Scott McCann, President of Teledyne Canada. Donna Scott (Queen's University, Bachelor of Fine Arts, 1985 ) designed the cup, her inspiration was Pink Floyd's Dark Side Of the Moon album cover. [5] It is on display at Rideau Hall, the residence of the Governor General in Ottawa. Controversy[edit] The 1981 win by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
caused controversy when Canadian officials found the trophy in the Soviets' luggage and announced that the trophy would not actually go home with the winning team. Feeling this was unsportsmanlike, Canadian fans led by George Smith of Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba
raised money to produce a duplicate trophy to give to the Soviet team.[6] $32,000 was raised.[6] Three weeks later the trophy was presented to the Soviet Union's ambassador Vladimir Mechulayev in Winnipeg.[6] Most of the companies that made the trophy did the work for free and almost all of the money raised went to minor hockey in Winnipeg and Winkler, Manitoba.[6] Competitions[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Semi-finalists MVP

1976  Canada  Czechoslovakia Round-robin Bobby Orr

1981  Soviet Union  Canada  Czechoslovakia  United States Vladislav Tretiak

1984  Canada  Sweden   Soviet Union
Soviet Union
 United States John Tonelli

1987  Canada  Soviet Union  Sweden  Czechoslovakia Wayne Gretzky

1991  Canada  United States  Finland  Sweden Bill Ranford

All-time results table[edit]

Nation Number of appearances Games Wins Losses Ties GF GA Best result

 Canada 5 39 28 5 6 181 105 Cup: 76, 84, 87, 91

 Soviet Union 5 32 18 10 4 135 85 Cup: 81

 United States 5 30 13 14 3 97 106 Runner-Up: 91

 Sweden 5 30 12 17 1 92 106 Runner-Up: 84

 Czechoslovakia 5 29 8 16 5 81 96 Runner-Up: 76

 Finland 4 21 3 16 2 44 116 Semi-Final: 91

 West Germany 1 5 0 4 1 13 29 Sixth: 84

See also[edit]

National Hockey League International Ice Hockey Federation Ice Hockey World Championships World Professional Hockey Championships 1972 Summit Series 1974 Summit Series World Cup of Hockey Ice hockey
Ice hockey
at the Olympic Games Super Series '76-77 Super Series Subway Super Series 2007 Super Series NHL Challenge Rendez-vous '87 Victoria Cup List of KHL vs NHL games List of international ice hockey competitions featuring NHL players List of international games played by NHL teams

References[edit]

^ a b c d " Canada Cup
Canada Cup
(World Cup of Hockey)". Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-20.  ^ The Canada Cup
Canada Cup
of Hockey Fact and Stat Book, p. 2, H.J. Anderson, ISBN 1-4120-5512-1, ISBN 978-1-4120-5512-3, Publisher: Trafford Publishing, 2005[self-published source] ^ a b Szemberg, Szymon; Podnieks, Andrew (2008). "Story #6–First Canada Cup
Canada Cup
opens up the hockey world". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-03-10.  ^ "Tigertown Triumphs" (Press release). The Hamilton Spectator-Memory Project (Souvenir Edition) page MP56. 2006-06-10.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ McKinley, Michael (2006). Hockey: A People's History. McClelland & Stewart Ltd. p. 246. ISBN 0-7710-5769-5.  ^ a b c d Canada Cup
Canada Cup
Controversy - CBC News: The National

Further reading[edit]

Anderson, H.J (2005), The Canada Cup
Canada Cup
of Hockey Fact and Stat Book, Trafford, ISBN 1-4120-5512-1  Willes, Ed (2008), Gretzky to Lemieux: The Story of the 1987 Canada Cup, Emblem ed, ISBN 9780771088490 

External links[edit]

Canada Versus the Soviet Union: The Heyday of the Battle for World Hockey Supremacy (1972-1987).

v t e

Summit Series
Summit Series
/ Canada Cup
Canada Cup
/ World Cup of Hockey

Summit Series

1972 1974

Canada Cup

1976

rosters

1981

rosters

1984

rosters

1987

rosters

1991

rosters

World Cup of Hockey

1996

rosters

2004

rosters

2016

rosters statistics

2020

v t e

Canada Cup
Canada Cup
/ World Cup of Hockey
World Cup of Hockey
Finals venues

Canada Cup

1976: Maple Leaf Gardens
Maple Leaf Gardens
& Montreal Forum 1981: Montreal Forum 1984: Olympic Saddledome & Northlands Coliseum 1987: Montreal Forum
Montreal Forum
& Copps Coliseum 1991: Montreal Forum
Montreal Forum
& Copps Coliseum

World Cup of Hockey

1996: CoreStates Center & Molson Centre 2004: Air Canada Centre 2016:

.