Cambodian New Year
1 The three days of the new year
1.1 Maha Sangkran (មហាសង្រ្កាន្ត) 1.2 Virak Vanabat (វិរ:វ័នបត) 1.3 Vearak Loeng Sak (វារៈឡើងស័ក)
2 New Year's customs 3 Traditional games (ល្បែងប្រជាប្រិយ) 4 Angkor Sangkran (អង្គរសង្ក្រាន្ត) 5 Dates in Khmer calendar 6 See also 7 References
The three days of the new year
Elders cleanse statues of the
Tables with offerings of flowers and food to one's ancestors are commonly set up for the Khmer New Year. Seen here is a Chinese Cambodian ancestor altar.
Maha Sangkran (មហាសង្រ្កាន្ត)
Maha Sangkran, derived from
In temples, people erect a sand hillock on temple grounds. They mound up a big pointed hill of sand or dome in the center which represents Valuka Chaitya, the stupa at Tavatimsa where the Buddha's hair and diadem are buried. The big stupa is surrounded by four small ones, which represent the stupas of the Buddha's favorite disciples: Sariputta, Moggallana, Ananda, and Maha Kassapa. There is another tradition called Sraung Preah (ស្រង់ព្រះ) : pouring water or liquid plaster (a mixture of water with some chalk powder) on elder relative, or people (mostly the younger generation is responsible for pouring the water). The Khmer New Year is also a time to prepare special dishes. One of these is a "kralan": a cake made from steamed rice mixed with beans or peas, grated coconut and coconut milk. The mixture is stuffed inside a bamboo stick and slowly roasted. Traditional games (ល្បែងប្រជាប្រិយ)
"Chol Chhoung (ចោលឈូង)"
A game played especially on the first nightfall of the Khmer New Year by two groups of boys and girls. Ten or 20 people comprise each group, standing in two rows opposite each other. One group throws the "chhoung" to the other group. When it is caught, it will be rapidly thrown back to the first group. If someone is hit by the "chhoung," the whole group must dance to get the "chhoung" back while the other group sings to the dance.
"Chab Kon Kleng (ចាប់កូនខ្លែង)"
A game played by imitating a hen as she protects her chicks from a crow. Adults typically play this game on the night of the first New Year's Day. Participants usually appoint a strong player to play the hen who protects "her" chicks, while another person is picked to be the "crow". While both sides sing a song of bargaining, the crow tries to catch as many chicks as possible as they hide behind the hen.
"Bos Angkunh (បោះអង្គុញ)"
The simple style consists of just throwing the Ongkunhs to hit the target Ongkunhs. The extended style adds five more stages in addition to the throwing stage. Both styles end with a penalty called Jours-activity that the winning team members get to perform on the losing team members. The Jours-activity is performed by using the Onkunghs the hit the knees of the losing team.
"Leak Kanseng (លាក់កន្សែង)"
A game played by a group of children sitting in a circle. Someone holding a "kanseng" (Cambodian towel) that is twisted into a round shape walks around the circle while singing a song. The person walking secretly tries to place the "kanseng" behind one of the children. If that chosen child realizes what is happening, he or she must pick up the "kanseng" and beat the person sitting next to him or her.
A game played by two children in rural or urban areas during their
leisure time. Ten holes are dug in the shape of an oval into a board
in the ground. The game is played with 42 small beads, stones or fruit
seeds. Before starting the game, five beads are put into each of the
two holes located at the tip of the board. Four beads are placed in
each of the remaining eight holes. The first player takes all the
beads from any hole and drops them one by one in the other holes. He
or she must repeat this process until they have dropped the last bead
into a hole that lies besides any empty one. Then they must take all
the beads in the hole that follows the empty one. At this point, the
second player may have his turn. The game ends when all the holes are
empty. The player with the greatest number of beads wins the game. It
is possibly similar to congkak.
Angkor Sangkran (អង្គរសង្ក្រាន្ត)
Gregorian Date Animal Day of the week
Gregorian Date Animal Day of the week
2001 13 April Snake Friday 2026 13 April Horse Tuesday
2002 13 April Horse Saturday 2027 13 April Goat Thursday
2003 13 April Goat Sunday 2028 13 April Monkey Saturday
2004 13 April Monkey Tuesday 2029 13 April Rooster Sunday
2005 13 April Rooster Wednesday 2030 13 April Dog Monday
2006 13 April Dog Thursday 2031 13 April Pig Tuesday
2007 13 April Pig Friday 2032 13 April Rat Thursday
2008 13 April Rat Sunday 2033 13 April Ox Friday
2009 13 April Ox Monday 2034 13 April Tiger Saturday
2010 13 April Tiger Tuesday 2035 13 April Rabbit Sunday
2011 13 April Rabbit Wednesday 2036 13 April Dragon Tuesday
2012 13 April Dragon Friday 2037 13 April Snake Wednesday
2013 13 April Snake Saturday 2038 13 April Horse Thursday
2014 13 April Horse Sunday 2039 13 April Goat Friday
2015 13 April Goat Monday 2040 13 April Monkey Sunday
2016 13 April Monkey Wednesday 2041 13 April Rooster Monday
2017 14 April Rooster Friday 2042 13 April Dog Tuesday
2018 13 April Dog Friday 2043 13 April Pig Wednesday
2019 13 April Pig Saturday 2044 13 April Rat Friday
2020 13 April Rat Monday 2045 13 April Ox Saturday
2021 13 April Ox Tuesday 2046 13 April Tiger Sunday
2022 13 April Tiger Thursday 2047 13 April Rabbit Monday
2023 13 April Rabbit Friday 2048 13 April Dragon Wednesday
2024 13 April Dragon Sunday 2049 13 April Snake Thursday
2025 13 April Snake Monday 2050 13 April Horse Friday
Water Festival Chinese zodiac South and Southeast Asian New Year
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Khmer New Year.
^ "Buddhist Calendar". UTBF.ORG. April 2016. Retrieved
^ Nhem, Chea Bunly (May 22–23, 2004). "Let Them Eat Cake". The