The Info List - Calimerius

(Italian: Calimero, Byzantine Greek: Καλημέριος) (died 280 AD) was an early bishop of Milan. He is honoured as a Saint in the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches and his feast day is on July 31.


1 Life 2 Legends 3 Calimerius
and the well 4 Veneration 5 Notes 6 External links

Life[edit] The only thing known for certain about him was that he was a bishop whose relics were conserved in the Basilica of Saint
in Milan, after his death.[1] He was probably not a contemporary and disciple of Pope Telesphorus
Pope Telesphorus
(2nd century), as is often stated, but lived in the third century, with an episcopate of 270-280.[1][2] Legends[edit] According to one version his legend, he was born to a noble Roman family, entered military service and reached the rank of officer when he was converted to Christianity by saints Faustinus and Jovita. According to another legend, he was born in Greece, and was educated at Rome. He was a disciple of Pope Telesphorus. He succeeded St. Castricianus (San Castriziano). He was ordained priest by Castricianus and served at the Basilica Fausta (now the church of Saints Vitalis and Agricola).[3][4] At the death of Castricianus, he was elected bishop.[4] According to his legend, when he became bishop of Milan, he preached in the region and was killed during the persecutions of Christians by Commodus
or Hadrian, by being flung headfirst into a well. Calimerius
and the well[edit] Calimerius' relics were exhumed in the eighth century by Bishop Tommaso Grassi of Milan. The urn and the relics were found submerged in water, perhaps due to the many underground channels that ran under the city.[1] However, the fact that his relics were found this way led to the legend that Calimerius
was flung into a well. In the eleventh century, the Datiana Historia, written by an anonymous author, states that Calimerius
was flung into a well as revenge for having baptized so many pagans.[1] The same source includes the detail that Calimerius was a Greek raised in Rome, as well as the fact that he was a disciple of Telesphorus, although both claims may be historically doubtful.[1] Another legend states that he was a Roman of noble origin, who, after serving in the military, was converted by Saints Faustinus and Jovita and was elected bishop of Milan. The dates on a plaque of marble in the interior of the Cathedral of Milan
state that his episcopate lasted from 139 to 192, but these dates, due to disputes with Rome, may have been falsified in the eleventh century in order to make the diocese of Milan
appear to be more ancient than it actually was. Thus, it considered Saint
of the Apostolic Age
Apostolic Age
as its first bishop in order to become more independent of Rome.[5] As Hippolyte Delehaye writes, "To have lived amongst the Saviour's immediate following was...honorable...and accordingly old patrons of churches were identified with certain persons in the gospels or who were supposed to have had some part of Christ's life on earth."[6] Veneration[edit] Saint
Ennodius, in an epigram, writes that the basilica of San Calimero was built in the fifth century to hold the relics of Calimerius. The waters of a well said to have been the place of his death acquired special significance. Every July 31, his feast day, the sick would drink of this water. In times of drought, priests would put some of the miraculous water into a bottle and pour it over the fields.[1] There are basilicas dedicated to him at Pasturo
and the Santuario della Madonna di San Calimero is located in Bolladello di Cairate.

Sanctuary of San Calimero at Bolladello di Cairate

19th century mosaic of Calimerius

The purported well in which Calimerius
is said to have been thrown. The water of this well was considered miraculous. Crypt of San Calimero.


^ a b c d e f Vivimilano.it - San Calimero e i rimedi contro la siccità ^ San Calimero di Milano ^ Letter of Ambrose
of Milan
on the ^ a b Santi milanesi della Chiesa Ortodossa - ortodossia a Milano ^ Compare C. J. Hefele, Das Sendschreiben des Apostels Barnabas, Tübingen, 1840; O. Braunsberger, Der Apostel Barnabas, Mainz, 1876. ^ Hippolyte Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints (Dublin, Four Courts Press, 1955), 37.

External links[edit]

St. Calimerius (in Italian) San Calimero e i rimedi contro la siccità

v t e

Bishops and Archbishops of Milan

Ancient age

St Barnabas
(1st-century, his coming to Milan
is probably legendary) St Anathalon St Caius St Castricianus St Calimerius
(about 270 – 280) St Monas (283–313?) St Mirocles (313–316?) St Maternus (316–328?) St Protasius (328–343?) St Eustorgius I
Eustorgius I
(343–349?) St Dionysius (349–355) Auxentius (355–374, considered an intruder by the Catholic Church) St Ambrose
(374–397) St Simplician
(397–400) St Venerius (400–408) St Marolus
(408–423) St Martinianus (423–435) St Glycerius (436–438) St Lazarus (438–449) St Eusebius (449–462) St Gerontius (462–465) St Benignus (465–472) St Senator (472–475) St Theodorus I (475–490) St Lawrence I (490–512) St Eustorgius II
Eustorgius II
(512–518) St Magnus (518–530?) St Dacius (530–552) Vitale (552–556) St Ausanus (556–559?)

Genoa period

St Honoratus (560–571?) Frontone (571–573?) Lawrence II (573–592) Constantius (593–600) Deodatus (601–628) Asterius (629–639) Forte (639–641)

Middle Ages

St John the Good (641–669) St Antonino (669–671) St Maurilio (671) St Ampelius (671–676) St Mansuetus (676–685) St Benedict (685–732) Theodorus II (732–746) St Natalis (746–747) Arifred (747–748) Stabile (748–750) Leto (751–755) Thomas (755–783) Peter (784–803) Odelpert (803–813) St Anselm I (813–818) St Buono (818–822) Angilbert I (822–823) Angilbert II Pusterla (824–859) Tadone (860–868) Anspert (868–881) Anselmo II Capra (882–896) Landulf I (896–899) Andrea of Canciano (899–906) Aicone (906–918) Gariberto of Besana (918–921) Lambert (921–931) Elduin (931–936) Arderico (936–948) Adelman (948–953) Walpert (953–970) Arnulf I (970–974) Gotofredo I (974–979) Landulf II of Carcano (980–998) Arnolfo II da Arsago (998–1018) Ariberto da Intimiano (1018–1045) St Guido da Velate (1045–1069) Attone (1070–1075) Gotofredo II da Castiglione (1070–1075, antibishop) Tebald da Castiglione (1075–1080) Anselmo III da Rho (1086–1093) Arnolfo III (1093–1097) Anselmo IV da Bovisio (1097–1101) Grosolanus (1102–1112) Giordano da Clivio (1112–1120) Ulrich da Corte (1120–1126) Anselmo della Pusterla (1126–1135) Robaldo (1135–1145) Umberto I da Pirovano (1146–1166) St Galdino della Sala
Galdino della Sala
(1166–1176) Algisio da Pirovano (1176–1185) Umberto II Crivelli (1185–1187, elected Pope Urban III) Milone da Cardano (1187–1195) Umberto III da Terzago (1195–1196) Filippo I da Lampugnano (1196–1206) Umberto IV da Pirovano (1206–1211) Gerardo da Sessa (1211–1212) Enrico I da Settala (1213–1230) Guglielmo I da Rizolio (1230–1241) Leon da Perego (1241–1257) Ottone Visconti
Ottone Visconti
(1262–1295) Ruffino da Frisseto (1295–1296) Francesco I da Parma (1296–1308) Cassone della Torre
Cassone della Torre
(1308–1317) Aicardo da Intimiano (1317–1339) Giovanni II Visconti (1342–1354) Roberto Visconti
Roberto Visconti
(1354–1361) Guglielmo II della Pusterla (1361–1370) Simon da Borsano (1370–1380) Antonio de' Saluzzi (1380–1401) Pietro II di Candia (1402–1410) Francesco II Crippa (1409–1414) Bartolommeo Capra (1414–1433) Francesco III Piccolpasso (1433–1443) Enrico II Rampini (1443–1450) Giovanni III Visconti (1450–1453) Nicolò Amidano (1453–1454) Timoteo Maffei (1454) Gabriele Sforza
Gabriele Sforza
(1454–1457) Carlo I da Forlì (1457–1461) Stefano Nardini (1461–1484) Giovanni Arcimboldi
Giovanni Arcimboldi
(1484–1488) Guido Antonio Arcimboldi (1488–1497) Ottaviano Arcimboldi (1497) Ippolito d'Este
Ippolito d'Este
(1497–1520) Ippolito II d'Este
Ippolito II d'Este
(1520–1550) Giovan Angelo Arcimboldi (1550–1555) Filippo II Archinto (1556–1558) vacant

Modern age

St. Carlo Borromeo (1564–1584) Gaspare Visconti
Gaspare Visconti
(1584–1595) Federico I Borromeo (1595–1631) Cesare Monti
Cesare Monti
(1632–1650) Alfonso Litta
Alfonso Litta
(1652–1679) Federico II Visconti (1681–1693) Federico III Caccia (1693–1699) Giuseppe Archinto (1699–1712) Benedetto II Erba Odescalchi (1712–1737) Carlo Gaetano Stampa (1737–1742) Giuseppe II Pozzobonelli (1743–1783) Filippo Maria Visconti (1784–1801) Giovanni Battista Caprara
Giovanni Battista Caprara
(1802–1810) vacant Carlo Gaetano Gaisruck (1818–1846) Bartolomeo Carlo Romilli
Bartolomeo Carlo Romilli
(1847–1859) Paolo Angelo Ballerini
Paolo Angelo Ballerini
(1859–1867) Luigi Nazari di Calabiana
Luigi Nazari di Calabiana
(1867–1893) Bl. Andrea Ferrari (1894–1921) Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (1921–1922, elected Pope Pius XI) Eugenio Tosi
Eugenio Tosi
(1922–1929) Bl. Ildefonso Schuster
Ildefonso Schuster
(1929–1954) Giovanni Battista Montini (1954–1963, elected Pope Paul VI) Giovanni Colombo
Giovanni Colombo
(1963–1979) Carlo Maria Martini, SJ (1979–2002) Dionigi Tettamanzi
Dionigi Tettamanzi
(2002–2011) Angelo Scola
Angelo Scola
(2011–2017) Mario Delpini
Mario Delpini