HOME
The Info List - Calafat


--- Advertisement ---



Calafat
Calafat
(Romanian pronunciation: [kalaˈfat]) is a city in Dolj County, Romania, on the river Danube, opposite the Bulgarian city of Vidin, to which it is linked by the Calafat- Vidin
Vidin
Bridge, opened in 2013. After the destruction of the bridges of late antiquity, for centuries Calafat
Calafat
was connected with the southern bank of the Danube by boat and later on by ferryboat. The city administers three villages: Basarabi, Ciupercenii Vechi and Golenți.

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Transport 4 Newspapers 5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

6 References 7 External links

History[edit] It was founded in the 14th century by Genoese colonists, who employed large numbers of workmen (Calafatis) in repairing ships. This industry gave the town its name. In January 1854, during the Crimean War, when Russian forces were headed up the Danube, Ahmed Pasha, commanding the Turkish forces at Calafat, made a surprise attack on the temporary Russian garrison nearby Cetate, which was under the command of Colonel Alexander Baumgarten.[1] This diverted the initial Russian attack and allowed Ahmed Pasha to consolidate his forces in Calafat. On 28 January the Russians under the command of General Iosif Romanovich Anrep reached Calafat
Calafat
and began the siege which lasted until May. Riddled by disease and unable to take the town, Anrep withdrew.[2] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Calafat

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 3 (37) 5 (41) 12 (54) 18 (64) 23 (73) 27 (81) 29 (84) 29 (84) 24 (75) 17 (63) 10 (50) 4 (39) 16.8 (62.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) −1 (30) 2 (36) 6 (43) 12 (54) 18 (64) 21 (70) 23 (73) 23 (73) 18 (64) 12 (54) 6 (43) 1 (34) 11.8 (53.2)

Average low °C (°F) −4 (25) −3 (27) 1 (34) 6 (43) 11 (52) 15 (59) 17 (63) 16 (61) 11 (52) 7 (45) 3 (37) −3 (27) 6.4 (43.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.1 (1.5) 43.2 (1.701) 45.7 (1.799) 48.3 (1.902) 58.4 (2.299) 66.0 (2.598) 40.6 (1.598) 33.0 (1.299) 33.0 (1.299) 38.1 (1.5) 50.8 (2) 48.3 (1.902) 543.5 (21.397)

Source: weather.com[3]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1900 7,113 —    

1912 7,608 +7.0%

1930 7,633 +0.3%

1948 8,251 +8.1%

1956 8,069 −2.2%

1966 9,483 +17.5%

1977 15,568 +64.2%

1992 20,445 +31.3%

2002 21,227 +3.8%

2011 16,247 −23.5%

Source: Census data

Transport[edit] Main article: New Europe Bridge

Calafat
Calafat
City Hall

Calafat
Calafat
lies on the river corridor VII- Danube
Danube
and the pan-European corridor IV which starts in Germany and ends in Istanbul and Thessaloniki [2]. The city is at crossroads of DN56, DN56A, DN55A and E79. The city of Calafat
Calafat
and its neighbour, Vidin
Vidin
(Bulgaria), are linked by bridge over the Danube
Danube
in the area called Bașcov (Danube Bridge 2) built by the Spanish company FCC. The project of constructing a Danubian bridge in the area of Calafat- Vidin
Vidin
dates from the year 1925. Road traffic between Vidin
Vidin
and Calafat
Calafat
were doubling every year, so it became necessary to construct a bridge with four lanes of road traffic, a railway line, a lane two meters wide for bikes and a pavement for pedestrians. The bridge has a total length of 1,971 m and its costs are estimated about US $200 million. It was officially opened on 14 June 2013.[4] Newspapers[edit] Calafat
Calafat
has several city newspapers. One of them is called Ziarul De Calafat,[5] which is also maintained online; another is Calafat Live.[6] International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Romania Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Calafat
Calafat
is twinned with:

Vidin, Bulgaria Zaječar, Serbia Duiven, Netherlands Biñan, Philippines

References[edit]

^ Jaques, Tony (2007) Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A guide to 8,500 battles from antiquity through the twenty-first century: A-E Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, Volume 1, page 247 ISBN 0-313-33536-2 ^ Jaques, Tony (2007) Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A guide to 8,500 battles from antiquity through the twenty-first century: A-E Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, Volume 1, page 184 ISBN 0-313-33536-2 ^ "Medii lunare pentru Calafat, Romania". weather.com. Retrieved 2013-07-07.  ^ [1] Announcement of the Bulgarian president as published by Focus News Agency on 22 May 2013 (in Bulgarian), retrieved 31 May 2013 ^ "News" Ziarul De Calafat ^ http://www.calafat.ucoz.com

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Calafat.

City hall

v t e

Dolj County, Romania

Cities

Craiova
Craiova
(county seat) Băilești Calafat

Towns

Bechet Dăbuleni Filiași Segarcea

Communes

Afumați Almăj Amărăștii de Jos Amărăștii de Sus Apele Vii Argetoaia Bârca Bistreț Botoșești-Paia Brabova Brădești Braloștița Bratovoești Breasta Bucovăț Bulzești Călărași Calopăr Caraula Cârcea Cârna Carpen Castranova Catane Celaru Cerăt Cernătești Cetate Cioroiași Ciupercenii Noi Coșoveni Coțofenii din Dos Coțofenii din Față Daneți Desa Dioști Dobrești Dobrotești Drăgotești Drănic Fărcaș Galicea Mare Galiciuica Gângiova Ghercești Ghidici Ghindeni Gighera Giubega Giurgița Gogoșu Goicea Goiești Grecești Întorsura Ișalnița Izvoare Leu Lipovu Măceșu de Jos Măceșu de Sus Maglavit Malu Mare Mârșani Melinești Mischii Moțăței Murgași Negoi Orodel Ostroveni Perișor Pielești Piscu Vechi Plenița Pleșoi Podari Poiana Mare Predești Radovan Rast Robănești Rojiște Sadova Sălcuța Scăești Seaca de Câmp Seaca de Pădure Secu Siliștea Crucii Șimnicu de Sus Sopot Tălpaș Teasc Terpezița Teslui Țuglui Unirea Urzicuța Valea Stanciului Vârtop Vârvoru de Jos Vela Verbița

v t e

The Danube

Countries

Germany Austria Slovakia Hungary Croatia Serbia Bulgaria Romania Moldova Ukraine

Cities

Ulm Ingolstadt Regensburg Passau Linz Vienna Bratislava Győr Budapest Vukovar Ilok Novi Sad Belgrade Ruse Brăila Galați Izmail Tulcea

Tributaries

Iller Lech Regen Isar Inn Morava Váh Hron Ipeľ/Ipoly Drava Tisza/Tisa Sava Timiș/Tamiš Great Morava Timok Jiu Iskar Olt Osam Yantra Vedea Argeș Ialomița Siret Prut

See also

List of islands in the Danube List of cross

.