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Cellular Digital Packet Data (CDPD) was a wide-area mobile data service which used unused bandwidth normally used by AMPS mobile phones between 800 and 900 MHz to transfer data. Speeds up to 19.2 kbit/s were possible. The service was discontinued in conjunction with the retirement of the parent AMPS service; it has been functionally replaced by faster services such as 1xRTT, EV-DO, and UMTS/HSPA. Developed in the early 1990s, CDPD was large on the horizon as a future technology. However, it had difficulty competing against existing slower but less expensive Mobitex and DataTac systems, and never quite gained widespread acceptance before newer, faster standards such as GPRS
GPRS
became dominant. CDPD had very limited consumer products. AT&T Wireless first sold the technology in the United States
United States
under the PocketNet brand. It was one of the first products of wireless web service. Digital Ocean, Inc. an OEM licensee of the Apple Newton, sold the Seahorse product, which integrated the Newton handheld computer, an AMPS/CDPD handset/modem along with a web browser in 1996, winning the CTIA's hardware product of the year award as a smartphone, arguably the world's first. A company named OmniSky provided service for Palm V devices. Omnisky OmniSky then file bankrupt in 2001 then was picked up by EarthLink Wireless the technician that developed the tech support for all of the wireless technology was a man by the name of Myron Feasel he was brought from company to company endind up at Palm. Wireless later sold CDPD under the Wireless Internet brand (not to be confused with Wireless Internet Express, their brand for GPRS/EDGE data). PocketNet was generally considered a failure with competition from 2G services such as Sprint's Wireless Web. AT&T Wireless sold four PocketNet Phone models to the public: the Samsung Duette and the Mitsubishi MobileAccess-120 were AMPS/CDPD PocketNet phones introduced in October 1997; and two IS-136/CDPD Digital PocketNet phones, the Mitsubishi T-250 and the Ericsson R289LX. Despite its limited success as a consumer offering, CDPD was adopted in a number of enterprise and government networks. It was particularly popular as a first-generation wireless data solution for telemetry devices (machine to machine communications) and for public safety mobile data terminals. In 2004, major carriers in the United States
United States
announced plans to shut down CDPD service. In July 2005, the AT&T Wireless and Cingular Wireless CDPD networks were shut down. Equipment for this service now has little to no residual value. CDPD Network and system[edit] Primary elements of a CDPD network are: 1. End systems: physical & logical end systems that exchange information 2. Intermediate systems: CDPD infrastructure elements that store, forward & route the information There are 2 kinds of End systems 1. Mobile end system: subscriber unit to access CDPD network over a wireless interface 2. Fixed end system: common host/server that is connected to the CDPD backbone and providing access to specific application and data There are 2 kinds of Intermediate systems 1. Generic intermediate system: simple router with no knowledge of mobility issues 2. mobile data intermediate system: specialized intermediate system that routes data based on its knowledge of the current location of Mobile end system. It is a set of hardware and software functions that provide switching, accounting, registration, authentication, encryption, and so on. The design of CDPD was based on several design objectives that are often repeated in designing overlay networks or new networks. A lot of emphasis was laid on open architectures and reusing as much of the existing RF infrastructure as possible. The design goal of CDPD included location independence and independence fro[clarification needed], service provider, so that coverage could be maximized ; application transparency and multiprotocol support, interoperability between products from multiple vendors. External links[edit]

CIO CDPD article History and Development Detailed Description About CDPD

v t e

Cellular network
Cellular network
standards

List of mobile phone generations

0G (radio telephones)

MTS MTA - MTB - MTC - MTD IMTS AMTS OLT Autoradiopuhelin B-Netz Altai AMR

1G (1985)

AMPS family

AMPS (TIA/EIA/IS-3, ANSI/TIA/EIA-553) N-AMPS (TIA/EIA/IS-91) TACS ETACS

Other

NMT C-450 Hicap Mobitex DataTAC

2G (1992)

GSM/ 3GPP family

GSM CSD HSCSD

3GPP2 family

cdmaOne (TIA/EIA/ IS-95
IS-95
and ANSI-J-STD 008)

AMPS family

D-AMPS ( IS-54 and IS-136)

Other

CDPD iDEN PDC PHS

2G transitional (2.5G, 2.75G)

GSM/ 3GPP family

GPRS EDGE/E GPRS
GPRS
(UWC-136/136HS/TDMA-EDGE)

3GPP2 family

CDMA2000
CDMA2000
1X (TIA/EIA/IS-2000) CDMA2000
CDMA2000
1X Advanced

Other

WiDEN DECT

3G (2003)

3GPP family

UMTS

UTRA-FDD / W-CDMA UTRA-TDD LCR / TD-SCDMA UTRA-TDD HCR / TD-CDMA

3GPP2 family

CDMA2000
CDMA2000
1x EV-DO
EV-DO
Release 0 (TIA/IS-856)

3G transitional (3.5G, 3.75G, 3.9G)

3GPP family

HSPA

HSDPA HSUPA

HSPA+ LTE (E-UTRA)

3GPP2 family

CDMA2000
CDMA2000
1x EV-DO
EV-DO
Revision A (TIA/EIA/IS-856-A) EV-DO
EV-DO
Revision B (TIA/EIA/IS-856-B) EV-DO
EV-DO
Revision C

IEEE family

Mobile WiMAX

IEEE 802.16e

Flash-OFDM iBurst

IEEE 802.20

4G (2013) (IMT Advanced)

3GPP family

LTE Advanced
LTE Advanced
(E-UTRA) LTE Advanced
LTE Advanced
Pro (4.5G Pro/pre-5G/4.9G)

IEEE family

WiMAX
WiMAX
(IEEE 802.16m)

WiMax 2.1 (LTE-TDD)

5G (2020) (IMT-2020) (Under development)

LTE

 

5G-NR

 

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