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Byzacena
Byzacena
was a Late Roman province
Roman province
in the central part of Roman North Africa, which is now roughly Tunisia, split off from Africa Proconsularis.

Contents

1 History 2 Episcopal sees 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources and external links

History[edit] At the end of the third century AD, the Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Diocletian divided the great Roman province
Roman province
of Africa Proconsularis
Africa Proconsularis
into three smaller provinces: Zeugitana
Zeugitana
in the north, still governed by a proconsul and referred to as Proconsularis, Byzacena
Byzacena
and Tripolitania in the south. Byzacena
Byzacena
corresponded roughly to the modern Tunisian region of Sahel. Hadrumetum
Hadrumetum
(modern Sousse) became the capital of the newly made province, whose governor had the rank of consularis. At this period the Metropolitan Archbishopric of Byzacena
Byzacena
was, after the great metropolis Carthage, the most important city in Roman (North) Africa west of Egypt
Egypt
and its Patriarch of Alexandria. Episcopal sees[edit] Ancient episcopal sees of Byzacena
Byzacena
listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[1]

Roman Africa.

Abaradira Abari Abidda
Abidda
(ruins of Ksour-Abbeda) Acholla (Henchir-El-Alia) Aeliae
Aeliae
(Henchir-Mraba? Henchir-Merelma) Africa (Mahdia) Afufenia Aggar Aggersel
Aggersel
(Abd-Er-Rahman-El-Garis? Tacrouna?) Ammaedara
Ammaedara
(Haïdra) Amudarsa (in the plain of Saïda) Ancusa Aquae Albae in Byzacena
Aquae Albae in Byzacena
(in Gabès Governorate) Aquae in Byzacena
Aquae in Byzacena
(in Gabès Governorate) Aquae Regiae
Aquae Regiae
(Henchir-Baboucha?) Aurusuliana
Aurusuliana
(in the territory of Henchir-Guennara) Ausafa Autenti Auzegera Bahanna
Bahanna
(Henchir-Nebahna, ruins at Dhorbania?)[2] Bararus (Henchir-Ronga, Rougga) Bassiana Bavagaliana Bennefa
Bennefa
(Oglet-Khefifa) Bladia (Henchir-Baldia?) Buleliana Cabarasussi (Drâa-Bellouan) Carcabia Cariana Cebarades Cenculiana Cercina
Cercina
(Kerkennah Islands) Cibaliana Cillium alias Colonia Cillilana
Colonia Cillilana
(Kasserine) Crepedula Cufruta Chusira
Chusira
(Kessera) Decoriana Dices (Henchir-Sidi-Salah, Sadic?) Dionysiana Drua (Henchir-Bou-Driès) Dura (Titular See) Edistiana Egnatia Febiana Feradi Maius
Feradi Maius
(Henchir-El-Ferada?) Feradi Minus Filaca Fissiana
Fissiana
(in the plain of Foussana?) Foratiana Forontoniana
Forontoniana
(Henchir-Bir-El-Menadka?) Gaguari Garriana
Garriana
(Henchir-El-Garra) Gemellae in Byzacena
Byzacena
(Sidi-Aïch) Germaniciana
Germaniciana
(ruins of Ksour-El-Maïeta? Melloul? ruins of Hadjeh-El-Aïoun?) Gratiana Gubaliana (ruins of Djebeliana? ruins of Henchir-Goubel?) Gummi in Byzacena
Gummi in Byzacena
(Henchir-Gelama?, Henchir-El-Senem) Gurza
Gurza
(Kalâa Kebira) Hadrumetum
Hadrumetum
(Sousse), the Metropolitan Archbishopric Hermiana Hierpiniana Hirina Horrea Coelia
Horrea Coelia
(Hergla) Iubaltiana
Iubaltiana
(at Kairouan) Iunca in Byzacena
Iunca in Byzacena
(Ounga) Leptiminus Limisa
Limisa
(Henchir-Boudja) Macon Macriana Maior Macriana Minor Mactaris Madarsuma
Madarsuma
(Henchir-Bou-Doukhane?) Maraguia
Maraguia
(ruins of Ksar-Margui?) Marazanae
Marazanae
(Henchir-Guennara) Marazanae
Marazanae
Regiae Masclianae
Masclianae
(ruins of Hadjeb-El-Aioun?) Materiana Maximiana in Byzacena
Maximiana in Byzacena
(near Sousse) Mediana (Bishopric) Menefessi
Menefessi
(Henchir-Djemmiah) Mibiarca Midica
Midica
(near Sfax) Mididi
Mididi
(Henchir-Medded, Midid) Mimiana Mozotcori Munatiana Mutia (Henchir-El-Gheria, Henchir-Furna) Muzuca in Byzacena
Muzuca in Byzacena
(Henchir-Besra) Nara (Bir El Hafey) Nationa Nepte (Nafta) Octaba Octabia Pederodiana
Pederodiana
(Oum-Federa, Fodra?) Precausa Praesidium (Somâa) Putia in Byzacena
Putia in Byzacena
(Bir-Abdallah?) Quaestoriana Rufiniana Ruspae Rusticiana Sassura
Sassura
(Henchir Es-Zaouadi) Scebatiana Segermes Selendeta Septimunicia
Septimunicia
(ruins of Oglet-El-Metnem? Henchir-El-Bliaa?) Severiana Sufes Sufetula Suliana Sullectum
Sullectum
(Salacia) Tabalta
Tabalta
(Henchir-Gourghebi?) Tagarbala
Tagarbala
(Bordj-Tamra, Tamera) Tagaria Tagase Talaptula Tamalluma
Tamalluma
(Oasis of Telmin) Tamata Tamazeni Tambeae
Tambeae
(in the region of Aïn-Beida and Henchir-Baboucha) Tanudaia Taparura Taraqua
Taraqua
(Ksour-El-Khaoua?) Tarasa in Byzacena (near Djebel-Trozza?) Temuniana
Temuniana
(Henchir-Temounia?) Tetci Thagamuta
Thagamuta
(in the plain of Guemouda?) Thala Thapsus Thasbalta
Thasbalta
(in the valley of Segui?) Thelepte Thenae
Thenae
(Henchir-Tina) Theuzi Thiges
Thiges
(Bordj-Gourbata) Thucca Terenbenthina
Thucca Terenbenthina
(Henchir Dougga) Thysdrus Tigias
Tigias
(Henchir-Taus, in the oasis of Kriz) Tiguala Trofimiana Tubulbaca (Teboulba?) Turrisblanda Turres in Byzacena
Byzacena
(ruins of Tamarza? ruins of Msilica?) Turris Tamalleni
Turris Tamalleni
(ruins of Oum-Es-Samâa) Tusuros Unizibira
Unizibira
(Henchir-Zembra?) Usula Uzita Valentiniana Vartana
Vartana
(Srâa-Ouartane) Vassinassa Vegesela in Byzacena
Vegesela in Byzacena
(Henchir-Recba) Vibiana Vicus Aterii
Vicus Aterii
(Bir el Ater) Victoriana Vicus Augusti (ruins of Sidi El Hani, Henchir-Sabra?) Vita (ruins of Beni-Derraj?) Zella (see)
Zella (see)
(Zaouila, suburb of Mahdia? ruins of Zellez?)

v t e

Late Roman provinces (4th–7th centuries AD)

History

As found in the Notitia Dignitatum. Provincial administration reformed and dioceses established by Diocletian, c. 293. Permanent praetorian prefectures established after the death of Constantine I. Empire permanently partitioned after 395. Exarchates of Ravenna and Africa established after 584. After massive territorial losses in the 7th century, the remaining provinces were superseded by the theme system in c. 640–660, although in Asia Minor and parts of Greece they survived under the themes until the early 9th century.

Western Empire (395–476)

Praetorian Prefecture of Gaul

Diocese of Gaul

Alpes Poeninae et Graiae Belgica I Belgica II Germania I Germania II Lugdunensis I Lugdunensis II Lugdunensis III Lugdunensis IV Maxima Sequanorum

Diocese of Vienne1

Alpes Maritimae Aquitanica I Aquitanica II Narbonensis I Narbonensis II Novempopulania Viennensis

Diocese of Spain

Baetica Balearica Carthaginensis Gallaecia Lusitania Mauretania Tingitana Tarraconensis

Diocese of the Britains

Britannia I Britannia II Flavia Caesariensis Maxima Caesariensis Valentia (?)

Praetorian Prefecture of Italy

Diocese of Suburbicarian Italy

Apulia et Calabria Campania Corsica Lucania et Bruttii Picenum
Picenum
Suburbicarium Samnium Sardinia Sicilia Tuscia et Umbria Valeria

Diocese of Annonarian Italy

Alpes Cottiae Flaminia et Picenum
Picenum
Annonarium Liguria et Aemilia Raetia I Raetia II Venetia et Istria

Diocese of Africa2

Africa proconsularis (Zeugitana) Byzacena Mauretania Caesariensis Mauretania Sitifensis Numidia Cirtensis Numidia Militiana Tripolitania

Diocese of Pannonia3

Dalmatia Noricum mediterraneum Noricum ripense Pannonia I Pannonia II Savia Valeria ripensis

Eastern Empire (395–c. 640)

Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum

Diocese of Dacia

Dacia Mediterranea Dacia Ripensis Dardania Moesia I Praevalitana

Diocese of Macedonia

Achaea Creta Epirus Nova Epirus Vetus Macedonia Prima Macedonia II Salutaris Thessalia

Praetorian Prefecture of the East

Diocese of Thrace5

Europa Haemimontus Moesia II4 Rhodope Scythia4 Thracia

Diocese of Asia5

Asia Caria4 Hellespontus Insulae4 Lycaonia
Lycaonia
(370) Lycia Lydia Pamphylia Pisidia Phrygia Pacatiana Phrygia Salutaris

Diocese of Pontus5

Armenia I5 Armenia II5 Armenia Maior5 Armenian Satrapies5 Armenia III
Armenia III
(536) Armenia IV
Armenia IV
(536) Bithynia Cappadocia I5 Cappadocia II5 Galatia I5 Galatia II Salutaris5 Helenopontus5 Honorias5 Paphlagonia5 Pontus Polemoniacus5

Diocese of the East5

Arabia Cilicia I Cilicia II Cyprus4 Euphratensis Isauria Mesopotamia Osroene Palaestina I Palaestina II Palaestina III Salutaris Phoenice I Phoenice II Libanensis Syria I Syria II Salutaris Theodorias (528)

Diocese of Egypt5

Aegyptus I Aegyptus II Arcadia Augustamnica I Augustamnica II Libya Superior Libya Inferior Thebais Superior Thebais Inferior

Other territories

Taurica Quaestura exercitus (536) Spania
Spania
(552)

1 Later the Septem Provinciae 2 Re-established after reconquest by the Eastern Empire in 534 as the separate Prefecture of Africa 3 Later the Diocese of Illyricum 4 Placed under the Quaestura exercitus in 536 5 Affected (i.e. boundaries modified, abolished or renamed) by Justinian I's administrative reorganization in 534–536

See also[edit]

List of Catholic dioceses in Tunisia List of Catholic dioceses (structured view) List of Catholic titular sees

References[edit]

^ Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013 ^ located at Latitude: 36.19392 - Longitude: 10.02064.

Sources and external links[edit]

GCatholic - Tunisia Map of the Roman state according to the Compilation notitia dignitatum Place-names in the Compilation notitia dignitatum

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