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The Info List - Burmese Script


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The Burmese script
Burmese script
is the basis of the alphabets used for modern Burmese, Mon, Shan and Karen.

Contents

1 Languages 2 Unicode

2.1 Burmese Support in Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows 8 2.2 Unicode
Unicode
Chart

3 References

Languages[edit] An adaptation of the Old Mon script or the Pyu script, the Burmese script was originally used to write the Mon and Pyu languages, respectively. In modern times, besides being used to write the Burmese language, it has been adapted for use in writing other languages of Burma, most notably Shan, Mon (using a version of the script more similar to that used for Burmese than the original Old Mon script) and the S'gaw Karen language. It is also used for the liturgical languages of Pali
Pali
and Sanskrit. Unicode[edit] The Burmese script
Burmese script
was added to the Unicode
Unicode
Standard in September, 1999 with the release of version 3.0. It was extended in October, 2009 with the release of version 5.2. Until 2005, most Burmese language
Burmese language
websites used an image-based, dynamically-generated method to display Burmese characters, often in GIF
GIF
or JPEG. At the end of 2005, the Burmese NLP Research Lab announced a Myanmar OpenType
OpenType
font named Myanmar1. This font contains not only Unicode
Unicode
code points and glyphs but also the OpenType
OpenType
Layout (OTL) logic and rules. Their research center is based in Myanmar ICT Park, Yangon. Padauk, which was produced by SIL International, is Unicode
Unicode
compliant. Initially, it required a Graphite engine, though now OpenType
OpenType
tables for Windows are in the current version of this font. Since the release of the Unicode
Unicode
5.1 Standard on 4 April 2008, three Unicode
Unicode
5.1 compliant fonts have been available under public license, including Myanmar3, Padauk and Parabaik.[1] Many Burmese font makers have created Burmese fonts including Win Innwa, CE Font, Myazedi, Zawgyi, Ponnya, Mandalay. It is important to note that these Burmese fonts are not Unicode
Unicode
compliant, because they use unallocated code points (including those for the Latin script) in the Burmese block to manually deal with shaping that would normally be done by the Uniscribe engine and they are not yet supported by Microsoft
Microsoft
and other major software vendors. However, there are few Burmese language
Burmese language
websites that have switched to Unicode
Unicode
rendering, with many websites continuing to use a pseudo- Unicode
Unicode
font called Zawgyi (which uses codepoints allocated for minority languages and does not intelligently render diacritics, such as the size of ya-yit) or the GIF/JPG display method. Burmese Support in Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows 8[edit] The Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows 8 operating system includes a Unicode-compliant Burmese font named "Myanmar Text". Windows 8 also includes a Burmese keyboard layout.[2] Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows 8 was the first operating system to include Burmese support by default without any font installation. Due to the popularity of the font in Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows 8 Microsoft kept support of the font in Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows 10 Operating System Unicode
Unicode
Chart[edit]

Myanmar[1] Official Unicode
Unicode
Consortium code chart (PDF)

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F

U+100x က ခ ဂ ဃ င စ ဆ ဇ ဈ ဉ ည ဋ ဌ ဍ ဎ ဏ

U+101x တ ထ ဒ ဓ န ပ ဖ ဗ ဘ မ ယ ရ လ ဝ သ ဟ

U+102x ဠ အ ဢ ဣ ဤ ဥ ဦ ဧ ဨ ဩ ဪ ါ ာ ိ ီ ု

U+103x ူ ေ ဲ ဳ ဴ ဵ ံ ့ း    ္  ် ျ ြ ွ ှ ဿ

U+104x ၀ ၁ ၂ ၃ ၄ ၅ ၆ ၇ ၈ ၉ ၊ ။ ၌ ၍ ၎ ၏

U+105x ၐ ၑ ၒ ၓ ၔ ၕ ၖ ၗ ၘ ၙ ၚ ၛ ၜ ၝ ၞ ၟ

U+106x ၠ ၡ ၢ ၣ ၤ ၥ ၦ ၧ ၨ ၩ ၪ ၫ ၬ ၭ ၮ ၯ

U+107x ၰ ၱ ၲ ၳ ၴ ၵ ၶ ၷ ၸ ၹ ၺ ၻ ၼ ၽ ၾ ၿ

U+108x ႀ ႁ ႂ ႃ ႄ ႅ ႆ ႇ ႈ ႉ ႊ ႋ ႌ ႍ ႎ ႏ

U+109x ႐ ႑ ႒ ႓ ႔ ႕ ႖ ႗ ႘ ႙ ႚ ႛ ႜ ႝ ႞ ႟

Notes

1.^ As of Unicode
Unicode
version 10.0

References[edit]

^ Zawgyi.ORG Developer site Archived 7 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ To install this keyboard layout, open Desktop, then Control Panel, then open the "Language" control panel. Click "Add language". Type "Burmese" into the search box in the upper-right (if you skip this step, Burmese fails to appear in the language list). After using the search box, Burmese appears and you can double-clic

.