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The Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
(BOM) is an Executive Agency of the Australian Government responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas. It was established in 1906 under the Meteorology Act, and brought together the state meteorological services that existed before then. The states officially transferred their weather recording responsibilities to the Bureau of Meteorology on 1 January 1908.[1][2]

Contents

1 Services and structure 2 Directors 3 Technology 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Services and structure[edit]

Berrimah radar

The Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
is the main provider of weather forecasts, warnings and observations to the Australian public. The Bureau distributes weather images via radiofax and is responsible for issuing flood alerts in Australia. The Bureau's head office is in Melbourne
Melbourne
Docklands, which includes the Bureau's Research Centre, the Bureau National Operations Centre, the National Climate Centre, the Victorian Regional Forecasting Centre as well as the Hydrology and Satellite sections.[3] Regional offices are located in each state and territory capital. Each regional office includes a Regional Forecasting Centre and a Flood Warning Centre, and the Perth, Darwin and Brisbane
Brisbane
offices also house Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres. The Adelaide
Adelaide
office incorporates the National Tidal Centre, while the Darwin office the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre and Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre (Analysis).

Darwin Airport office

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
issues Tropical Cyclone Advices[4] and developed the Standard Emergency Warning Signal used for warnings. The Bureau is responsible for tropical cyclone naming for storms in waters surrounding Australia. Three lists of names used to be maintained, one for each of the western, northern and eastern Australian regions.[5] However, as of the start of the 2008–09 Tropical Cyclone Year these lists have been rolled into one main national list of tropical cyclone names.[5] The regional offices are supported by the Bureau National Operations Centre (BNOC) which is also located at the head office in Melbourne Docklands. The Bureau maintains a network of field offices across the continent, on neighbouring islands and in Antarctica. There is also a network of some 500 paid co-operative observers and approximately 6,000 voluntary rainfall observers. Directors[edit] The following people have been directors of the Bureau of Meteorology:

Director Term

Henry Ambrose Hunt 1908–31

William S Watt 1931–40

H. Norman Warren 1940–50

Edward W Timcke 1950–55

Leonard J Dwyer 1955–62

William J Gibbs 1962–78

John Zillman 1978–2003

Geoff Love 2003–08

Neville Smith (Acting Director) 2008–09

Greg Ayers 2009–12[6]

Rob Vertessy 2012–16[7]

Andrew Johnson 6 September 2016–Present[8]

Technology[edit] In the head office a Cray XC40
Cray XC40
supercomputer called "Australis" provides the operational computing capability for weather, climate, ocean and wave numerical prediction and simulation, while other Unix servers support the computer message switching system and real-time data base. The Australian Integrated Forecast System
Australian Integrated Forecast System
affords the main computing infrastructure in the regional offices. Numerical weather prediction is performed using the Unified Model software. The Bureau of Meteorology announced the Cray contract[9] in July 2015, commissioned the Cray XC40
Cray XC40
supercomputer[10] on 30 June 2016 and decommissioned their Oracle HPC system in October 2016. See also[edit]

World Meteorological Organization, co-ordination body for weather, climate and environment services Weatherzone, another Australian weather service provider International Cloud Experiment, which collected data on tropical cyclones in January and February 2006 2017–18 Australian region cyclone season Water Data Transfer Format Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council

References[edit]

^ "BOM celebrates 100 years". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 1 January 2008.  ^ "Collections in Perth: 20. Meteorology". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 24 May 2008.  ^ " Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
Head Office 700 Collins Street". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 May 2008.  ^ Tropical Cyclone Advices, Bureau of Meteorology, 2009 ^ a b "Tropical Cyclone Names". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 8 August 2008.  ^ "Government thanks outgoing Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
director, Dr Greg Ayers". Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. 20 February 2012. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2012.  ^ "'Perilous': Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
boss Rob Vertessy exits with climate warning". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2016.  ^ "Dr Andrew Johnson appointed as Director of Meteorology". Bureau of Meteorology. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.  ^ "New Supercomputer to supercharge weather warnings and forecasts". Bureau of Meteorology. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2017.  ^ "New Bureau supercomputer successfully commissioned". Bureau of Meteorology. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bureau of Meteorology.

Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
main page Federation and Meteorology: the history of meteorology in Australia

v t e

National meteorological organizations

Africa

Mozambique National Institute of Meteorology South African Weather Service

Americas

Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology
Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology
(regional) Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (Brazil) Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (Colombia) Instituto Meteorológico Nacional (Costa Rica) Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Meteorología e Hidrología (Guatemala) Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (Ecuador) Meteorological Service of Canada National Weather Service
National Weather Service
(United States) Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico)

Asia

Afghanistan Meteorological Authority Bangladesh Meteorological Department China Meteorological Administration Central Weather Bureau
Central Weather Bureau
(Taiwan) Hong Kong Observatory India Meteorological Department Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Israel Meteorological Service Japan Meteorological Agency Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau Malaysian Meteorological Department Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia Pakistan Meteorological Department Korea Meteorological Administration Meteorological Service Singapore Thai Meteorological Department Turkish State Meteorological Service Institute of Seismology and Atmospheric Physics (zh) (Turkmenistan)

Europe

Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics
Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics
(Austria) Royal Meteorological Institute (Belgium) Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service Danish Meteorological Institute Estonian Weather Service Finnish Meteorological Institute Météo-France Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(Germany) Hellenic National Meteorological Service (Greece) Icelandic Meteorological Office Met Éireann
Met Éireann
(Ireland) Servizio Meteorologico (Italy) Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service Hydrometeorological Institute of Montenegro Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute Norwegian Meteorological Institute Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (Portugal) Administrația Națională de Meteorologie (Romania) Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia Republic Hydrometeorological Institute of Serbia Slovenian Environment Agency Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
(Spain) Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute MeteoSwiss Met Office
Met Office
(United Kingdom)

Oceania

Bureau of Meteorology
Bureau of Meteorology
(Australia) Fiji Meteorological Service Meteorological Service of New Zealand Tonga Meteorological Service Tuvalu Meteorological Service

Intercontinental: European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Global: World Meteorological

.