The Info List - Burbank, California

--- Advertisement ---

Burbank is a city in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County in Southern California, United States, 12 miles (19 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. The population at the 2010 census was 103,340.[9] Billed as the "Media Capital of the World"[10] and only a few miles northeast of Hollywood, numerous media and entertainment companies are headquartered or have significant production facilities in Burbank, including The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Entertainment, Nickelodeon Animation Studios, The Burbank Studios, Cartoon Network Studios with the West Coast branch of Cartoon Network, and Insomniac Games. The city is also home to Hollywood
Burbank Airport, previously known as Bob Hope Airport.[11] It was the location of Lockheed's Skunk Works, which produced some of the most secret and technologically advanced airplanes, including the U-2 spy planes that uncovered the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
missile components in Cuba
in October 1962. Burbank consists of two distinct areas: a downtown/foothill section, in the foothills of the Verdugo Mountains, and the flatland section. The city was referred to as "Beautiful Downtown Burbank" on Laugh-In and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. The city was named after David Burbank, a New Hampshire-born dentist and entrepreneur who established a sheep ranch there in 1867.[12][13]


1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 City of Burbank 1.3 Early manufacturing 1.4 Aviation 1.5 Entertainment industry 1.6 Cinema history 1.7 Burbank today

2 Geography

2.1 Geology 2.2 Climate 2.3 Neighborhoods

2.3.1 Magnolia Park area 2.3.2 Rancho Equestrian area

2.4 Notable locations

2.4.1 Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios 2.4.2 Providencia Ranch

3 Demographics

3.1 2010 3.2 2000 3.3 Crime

4 Economy

4.1 Top employers 4.2 Shopping

5 Government

5.1 Mayors 5.2 County representation 5.3 State and federal representation

6 Education 7 Infrastructure

7.1 Transportation 7.2 Public safety

7.2.1 Fire department

7.3 Hospitals

8 Notable people 9 Sister cities 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] The city of Burbank occupies land that was originally part of two Spanish and Mexican-era colonial land grants, the 36,400-acre (147 km2) Rancho San Rafael, granted to Jose Maria Verdugo by the Spanish Bourbon government in 1784, and the 4,063-acre (16.44 km2) Rancho Providencia
Rancho Providencia
created in 1821. Historically, this area was the scene of a military skirmish which resulted in the unseating of the Spanish Governor of California, and his replacement by the Mexican leader Pio Pico. Remnants of the military battle reportedly were found many years later in the vicinity of Warner Bros. Studio when residents dug up cannonballs.[14]

Dr. David S. Burbank

Dr. David Burbank purchased over 4,600 acres (19 km2) of the former Verdugo holding and another 4,600 acres (19 km2) of the Rancho Providencia
Rancho Providencia
in 1867 and built a ranch house and began to raise sheep and grow wheat on the ranch.[12] By 1876, the San Fernando Valley became the largest wheat-raising area in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County. But the droughts of the 1860s and 1870s underlined the need for steady water supplies.

The Jonathan R. Scott tract, forming eastern Burbank along San Fernando Boulevard, called here the "Camino Real".

A professionally trained dentist, Burbank began his career in Waterville, Maine. He joined the great migration westward in the early 1850s and, by 1853 was living in San Francisco. At the time the American Civil War
American Civil War
broke out he was again well established in his profession as a dentist in Pueblo de Los Angeles. In 1867, he purchased Rancho La Providencia from David W. Alexander and Francis Mellus, and he purchased the western portion of the Rancho San Rafael (4,603 acres) from Jonathan R. Scott. Burbank's property reached nearly 9,200 acres (37 km2) at a cost of $9,000.[15] Burbank would not acquire full titles to both properties until after a court decision known as the "Great Partition" was made in 1871 dissolving the Rancho San Rafael. He eventually became known as one of the largest and most successful sheep raisers in southern California, and as a result, he closed his dentistry practice and invested heavily in real estate in Los Angeles.[16] Burbank also later owned the Burbank Theatre, which opened on November 27, 1893, at a cost of $150,000. Though the theater was intended to be an opera house, instead it staged plays and became known nationally. The theatre featured famous actors of the time including Fay Bainter and Marjorie Rambeau, until it had deteriorated into a burlesque house.[17]

Olive Avenue in Burbank, 1889

When the area that became Burbank was settled in the 1870s and 1880s, the streets were aligned along what is now Olive Avenue, the road to the Cahuenga Pass
Cahuenga Pass
and downtown Los Angeles. These were largely the roads the Native Americans traveled and the early settlers took their produce down to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
to sell and to buy supplies along these routes. At the time, the primary long-distance transportation methods available to San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley
residents were stagecoach and train. Stagecoaching between Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and San Francisco
San Francisco
through the Valley began in 1858. The Southern Pacific Railroad
Southern Pacific Railroad
arrived in the Valley in 1876, completing the route connecting San Francisco
San Francisco
and Los Angeles.[18] A shrewd businessman, foreseeing the value of rail transport, Burbank sold Southern Pacific Railroad
Southern Pacific Railroad
a right-of-way through the property for one dollar. The first train passed through Burbank on April 5, 1874. A boom created by a rate war between the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific brought people streaming into California
shortly thereafter, and a group of speculators purchased much of Burbank's land holdings in 1886 for $250,000.[19] One account suggests Burbank may have sold his property because of a severe drought that year, which caused a shortage of water and grass for his livestock. Approximately 1,000 of his sheep died due to the drought conditions.[16]

Burbank as envisioned by Providencia Land, Water & Development Co.

The group of speculators who bought the acreage formed the Providencia Land, Water, and Development Company and began developing the land, calling the new town Burbank after its founder, and began offering farm lots on May 1, 1887. The townsite had Burbank Boulevard/Walnut Avenue as the northern boundary, Grandview Avenue as the southern boundary, the edge of the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
as the eastern boundary and Clybourn Avenue was the western border.[20] The establishment of a water system in 1887 allowed farmers to irrigate their orchards and provided a stronger base for agricultural development.[21] The original plot of the new townsite of Burbank extended from what is now Burbank Boulevard on the north, to Grandview Avenue in Glendale, California
on the south, and from the top of the Verdugo Hills on the east to what is now known as Clybourn Avenue on the west.[16] At the same time, the arrival of the railroad provided immediate access for the farmers to bring crops to market. Packing houses and warehouses were built along the railroad corridors. The railroads also provided access to the county for tourists and immigrants alike. A Southern Pacific Railroad
Southern Pacific Railroad
depot in Burbank was completed in 1887. The boom lifting real estate values in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
area proved to be a speculative frenzy that collapsed abruptly in 1889. Much of the newly created wealthy went broke. Many of the lots in Burbank ended up getting sold for taxes.[16] Vast numbers of people would leave the region before it all ended.[22] By 1904, Burbank received international attention for having world heavyweight boxing champion James J. Jeffries
James J. Jeffries
become a major landowner in the town. Jeffries bought 107 acres (0.43 km2) to build a ranch on Victory Boulevard. He eventually raised cattle and sold them in Mexico and South America, becoming one of the first citizens to engage in foreign trade. He eventually built a large ranch home and barn near where Victory and Buena Vista Street now intersect. The barn was later removed and reassembled at Knott's Berry Farm
Knott's Berry Farm
in Buena Park, California.[16] Burbank's first telephone exchange, or telephone switch, was established in August 1900, becoming the first in the San Fernando Valley. Within 5 years, there were several telephone exchanges in the Valley and became known as the San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley
Home Telephone Company, based in Glendale.[23] Home Telephone competed with Tropico, and in 1918 both were taken over by Pacific Telephone Company. At this time, there were an estimated 300 hand-cranked telephones in Burbank. The town's first bank was formed in 1908 when Burbank State Bank opened its doors near the corner of Olive Avenue and San Fernando Blvd. On the first day, the bank collected $30,000 worth of deposits, and at the time the town had a population of 300 residents.[24] In 1911, the bank was dissolved; it would then become the Burbank branch of the Security Trust & Savings Bank.[25]

"Fawkes' Folly" being displayed in front of a large crowd

In 1911, wealthy farmer Joseph Fawkes grew apricots and owned a house on West Olive Avenue. He also had a fascination for machinery, and soon began developing what became known as the "Fawkes Folly" aerial trolley.[26] He and his wife Ellen C. Fawkes secured two patents for the nation's first monorail. The two formed the Aerial Trolley Car Company and set about building a prototype they believed would revolutionize transportation.[27] Joseph Fawkes called the trolley his Aerial Swallow, a cigar-shaped, suspended monorail driven by a propeller that he promised would carry passengers from Burbank to downtown Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 10 minutes. The first open car accommodated about 20 passengers and was suspended from an overhead track and supported by wooden beams. In 1911, the monorail car made its first and only run through his Burbank ranch, with a line between Lake and Flower Streets. The monorail was considered a failure after gliding just a foot or so and falling to pieces. Nobody was injured but Joseph Fawkes' pride was badly hurt as Aerial Swallow became known as "Fawkes' Folly." City officials viewed his test run as a failure and focused on getting a Pacific Electric Streetcar line into Burbank.[28] Laid out and surveyed with a modern business district surrounded by residential lots, wide boulevards were carved out as the "Los Angeles Express" printed:

"Burbank, the town, being built in the midst of the new farming community, has been laid out in such a manner as to make it by and by an unusually pretty town. The streets and avenues are wide and, all have been handsomely graded. All improvements being made would do credit to a city ... Everything done at Burbank has been done right."

The citizens of Burbank had to put up a $48,000 subsidy to get the reluctant Pacific Electric Streetcar officials to agree to extend the line from Glendale to Burbank.[21] The first Red Car rolled into Burbank on September 6, 1911, with a tremendous celebration. That was about two months after the town became a city. The "Burbank Review" newspaper ran a special edition that day[27] advising all local residents that:

"On Wednesday, the first electric car running on a regular passenger-carrying schedule left the Pacific Electric station at Sixth and Main streets, Los Angeles, for Burbank at 6:30 a.m. and the first car from Burbank to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
left at 6:20 a.m. the same day. Upon arrival of this car on its maiden trip, many citizens gave evidence of their great joy by ringing bells and discharging firearms. A big crowd of both men and women boarded the first car and rode to Glendale and there changed to a second car coming from Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and rode home again. Every face was an expression of happiness and satisfaction."

The Burbank Line was completed through to Cypress Avenue in Burbank, and by mid-1925 this line was extended about a mile further along Glenoaks Boulevard to Eton Drive. A small wooden station was erected in Burbank in 1911 at Orange Grove Avenue with a small storage yard in its rear. This depot was destroyed by fire in 1942 and in 1947 a small passenger shelter was constructed. On May 26, 1942, the California
State Railroad Commission proposed an extension of the Burbank Line to the Lockheed plant.[29] The proposal called for a double track line from Arden Junction along Glenoaks to San Fernando Blvd. and Empire Way, just northeast of Lockheed's main facility. But this extension never materialized and the commission moved on to other projects in the San Fernando Valley. The Red Car line in Burbank was abandoned and the tracks removed in 1956. The city marshal's office was changed to the Burbank Police Department in 1923. The first police chief was George Cole, who later became a U.S. Treasury prohibition officer. In 1928, Burbank was one of the first 13 cities to join the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, one of the largest suppliers of water in the world. This contrasted with other San Fernando Valley communities that obtained water through political annexation to Los Angeles. By 1937, the first power from Hoover Dam was distributed over Burbank's own electricity lines.[30] The city purchases about 55% of its water from the MWD.[31] City of Burbank[edit] The town grew steadily, weathering the drought and depression that hit Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in the 1890s and in 20 years, the community had a bank, newspaper, high school and a thriving business district with a hardware store, livery stable, dry goods store, general store, and bicycle repair shop. The city's first newspaper, Burbank Review, established in 1906. The populace petitioned the State Legislature to incorporate as a city on July 8, 1911, with businessman Thomas Story as the mayor. Voters approved incorporation by a vote of 81 to 51. At the time, the Board of Trustees governed the community which numbered 500 residents. The first city seal adopted by Burbank featured a cantaloupe, which was a crop that helped save the town's life when the land boom collapsed.[27] In 1931, the original city seal was replaced and in 1978 the modern seal was adopted. The new seal shows City Hall beneath a banner but no cantaloupe. An airplane symbolizes the city's aircraft industry, the strip of film and stage light represent motion picture production. The bottom portion depicts the sun rising over the Verdugo Mountains.

Burbank, 1922

In 1915, major sections of the Valley capitulated, helping Los Angeles to more than double its size that year. But Burbank was among a handful of towns with their own water wells and remained independent. By 1916 Burbank had 1,500 residents. In 1922, the Burbank Chamber of Commerce was organized. The Federal government officially recognized Burbank's status in 1923 when the United States
United States
Postal Service reclassified the city from the rural village mail delivery to city postal delivery service.[27] By this time, Burbank's population had grown significantly, from less than 500 people in 1908 to over 3,000 citizens. The city's business district grew on the west side of San Fernando Blvd. and stretched from Verdugo to Cypress avenues, and on the east side to Palm Avenue. In 1927, five miles (8 km) of paved streets had increased to 125 miles (201 km). The Wall Street Crash of 1929
Wall Street Crash of 1929
set off a period of hardship for Burbank where business and residential growth paused. The effects of the Depression also caused tight credit conditions and halted home building throughout the area, including the city's Magnolia Park development. Around this time, major employers began to cut payrolls and some plants closed their doors forever.[32] Around this time, Burbank City Council responded by slashing 10% from the wages of city workers. Money was put into an Employee Relief Department to help the unemployed. Local civic and religious groups sprang into action and contributed with food as homeless camps began to form along the city's Southern Pacific railroad tracks. Hundreds began to participate in self-help cooperatives, trading skills such as barbering, tailoring, plumbing or carpentry, for food and other services.[33] By 1930, as First National Studios, Andrew Jergens Company, The Lockheed Company, McNeill and Libby Canning Company, the Moreland Company, and Northrop Aircraft Corporation opened facilities in Burbank and the population jumped to 16,662. Following a Valley land bust during the Depression, real estate began to bounce back in the mid-1930s. In Burbank, a 100-home construction project began in 1934. By 1936, property values in the city exceeded pre-Depression levels. By 1950, the population had reached 78,577.[34] It was no longer the "tiny little village" of Jane Russell's song " Hollywood
Cinderella"; it had become a major Los Angeles
Los Angeles
suburb. From 1967 to 1989 a six-block stretch of San Fernando Blvd. was pedestrianized as the "Golden Mall". As of June 2008, the city employee population in Burbank stood at 1,683. Of the total, 1,253 were full-time, 217 part-time, and 213 temporary employees. The Burbank City Employees Association represents workers in the city. The organization dates back to 1939, and its primary role was to secure civil service status for city workers. The BCEA, representing more than 750 city employees, is one of six bargaining unions in Burbank city government. Others include: the Burbank Fire Fighters Association, the Burbank Police Officers' Association, the International Brotherhood of Electric Workers Local 18, the Burbank Fire Fighters-Chief Officer's Unit, and the Burbank Management Association. Early manufacturing[edit] In 1887, the Burbank Furniture Manufacturing Company was the town's first factory.[35] After the land boom downturn in 1888, the building was abandoned and transients slept in the empty factory. In 1917, the arrival of the Moreland Motor Truck Company
Moreland Motor Truck Company
changed the town and resulted in a manufacturing and industrial workforce begin to take root in the city. Within a few years Moreland trucks were seen bearing the label, "Made in Burbank."[36] Watt Moreland, its owner, had relocated his plant to Burbank from Los Angeles. He selected 25 acres (100,000 m2) at San Fernando Blvd. and Alameda Avenue. Moreland invested $1 million in the factory and machinery, and employed 500 people. It was the largest truck maker west of the Mississippi.

The Moreland Motor Truck Company
Moreland Motor Truck Company
in Burbank

Within the next several decades, factories, both large and small, would dot the area landscape. What had mainly been an agricultural and ranching area would get replaced with a variety of manufacturing industries. Moreland operated from 1917 to 1937. Aerospace supplier Menasco Manufacturing Company would later purchase the property. Menasco's Burbank landing gear factory closed in 1994 due to slow commercial and military orders, affecting 310 people. Within months of Moreland's arrival, Community Manufacturing Company, a $3 million tractor company, arrived in Burbank. In 1920, the Andrew Jergens Company
Andrew Jergens Company
factory opened at Verdugo Avenue near the railroad tracks in Burbank. Andrew Jergens, Jr. — aided by his father, Cincinnati businessman Andrew Jergens, Sr. and business partners Frank Adams and Morris Spazier — had purchased the site and built a single-story building. They began with a single product, coconut oil soap, but would later make face creams, lotions, liquid soaps and deodorants. In 1931, despite the Depression, the Jergens company expanded, building new offices and shipping department facilities. In 1939, the Burbank corporation merged with the Cincinnati company of Andrew Jergens, Sr., becoming known as the Andrew Jergens Company
Andrew Jergens Company
of Ohio. The Burbank plant closed in 1992, affecting nearly 90 employees. Aviation[edit] The establishment of the aircraft industry and a major airport in Burbank during the 1930s set the stage for major growth and development, which was to continue at an accelerated pace into World War II and well into the postwar era. Brothers Allan Loughead and Malcolm Loughead, founders of the Lockheed Aircraft Company, opened a Burbank manufacturing plant in 1928, and a year later famed aviation designer Jack Northrop built his historic Flying Wing airplane in his own plant nearby.[37] Dedicated on Memorial Day
Memorial Day
Weekend (May 30 – June 1), 1930, the United Airport was the largest commercial airport in the Los Angeles area until it was eclipsed in 1946 by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Municipal Airport (now Los Angeles
Los Angeles
International Airport) in Westchester when that facility (the former Mines Field) commenced commercial operations. Amelia Earhart, Wiley Post
Wiley Post
and Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
were among the notable aviation pioneers to pilot aircraft in and out of the original Union Air Terminal. By 1935, Union Air Terminal in Burbank ranked as the third-largest air terminal in the nation, with 46 airliners flying out of it daily. The airport served 9,895 passengers in 1931 and 98,485 passengers in 1936.

Vega Aircraft plant in Burbank, 1942

Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Burbank, 1945

In 1931, Lockheed was then part of Detroit Aircraft Corp., which went into bankruptcy with its Lockheed unit. A year later, a group of investors acquired assets of the Lockheed company. The new owners staked their limited funds to develop an all-metal, twin engine transport, the Model 10 Electra. It first flew in 1934 and quickly gained worldwide fame.[38] A brochure celebrating Burbank's 50th anniversary as a city touted Lockheed payroll having "nearly 1,200" by the end of 1936. The aircraft company's hiring contributed to what was a favorable employment environment at the time.[39] Moreland's truck plant was later used by the Lockheed's Vega Aircraft Corporation, which made what was widely known as "the explorer's aircraft." Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart
flew one across the Atlantic Ocean. In 1936, Lockheed officially took over Vega Aircraft in Burbank.[40][41] During World War II, the entire area of Lockheed's Vega factory was camouflaged to fool an enemy reconnaissance effort. The factory was hidden beneath a complete suburb replete with rubber automobiles and peaceful rural neighborhood scenes painted on canvas.[42] Hundreds of fake trees and shrubs were positioned to give the entire area a three-dimensional appearance. The fake trees and shrubs were created from chicken wire that had been treated with an adhesive and then covered with chicken feathers to provide a leafy texture. Air ducts disguised as fire hydrants made it possible for the Lockheed-Vega employees to continue working underneath the huge camouflage umbrella designed to conceal their factory.[43] Burbank's airport has undergone seven name changes since opening in 1930. It had five runways that radiated in varying directions, each 300 feet (91 m) wide and 2,600 feet (790 m) long. It remained United Airport until 1934, when it was renamed Union Air Terminal (1934–1940). Boeing built planes on the field. Lockheed Aircraft had its own nearby airfield. Lockheed bought the airport in 1940 and renamed it Lockheed Air Terminal, which it was known as until 1967, when it became Hollywood-Burbank Airport. In 1978, it was renamed Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
(1978–2003) after Lockheed sold it to the three California
cities for $51 million. In December 2003, the facility was renamed Bob Hope Airport
Bob Hope Airport
in honor of the comedian who lived in nearby Toluca Lake. In 2005, the city of Burbank and the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Authority, which owns and operates the airport, reached a development agreement. The agreement forbids further airport expansion until 2009. Unlike most other regional airports in California, Burbank's airport sits on land that was specifically zoned for airport use. The growth of companies such as Lockheed, and the burgeoning entertainment industry drew more people to the area, and Burbank's population doubled between 1930 and 1940 to 34,337. Burbank saw its greatest growth during World War II
World War II
due to Lockheed's presence, employing some 80,800 men and women producing aircraft such as the Lockheed Hudson, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Lockheed PV-1 Ventura, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, and America's first jet fighter, the Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star.[44][45] Lockheed later created the U2, SR-71 Blackbird and the F-117 Nighthawk at its Burbank-based "Skunk Works". The name came from a secret, ill-smelling backwoods distillery called "Skonk Works" in cartoonist Al Capp's Li'l Abner
Li'l Abner
comic strip.[46] Dozens of hamburger stands, restaurants and shops appeared around Lockheed to accommodate the employees. Some of the restaurants operated 24 hours a day. At one time, Lockheed paid utility rates representing 25% of the city's total utilities revenue, making Lockheed the city's cash cow. When Lockheed left, the economic loss was huge. At its height during World War II, the Lockheed facility employed up to 98,000 people.[47] Between the Lockheed and Vega plants, some 7,700,000 square feet (720,000 m2) of manufacturing space was located in Burbank at the peak in 1943. Burbank's growth did not slow as war production ceased, and over 7,000 new residents created a postwar real estate boom. Real estate values soared as housing tracts appeared in the Magnolia Park area of Burbank between 1945 and 1950. More than 62 percent of the city's housing stock was built before 1970.[48] Following World War II, homeless veterans lived in tent camps in Burbank, in Big Tujunga Canyon and at a decommissioned National Guard base in Griffith Park. The government also set up trailer camps at Hollywood
Way and Winona Avenue in Burbank and in nearby Sun Valley. But new homes were built, the economy improved, and the military presence in Burbank continued to expand. Lockheed employees numbered 66,500 and expanded from aircraft to include spacecraft, missiles, electronics and shipbuilding. Lockheed's presence in Burbank attracted dozens of firms making aircraft parts. One of them was Weber Aircraft Corporation, an aircraft interior manufacturer situated adjacent to Lockheed at the edge of the airport. In 1988, Weber closed its Burbank manufacturing plant, which then employed 1,000 people. Weber produced seats, galleys, lavatories and other equipment for commercial and military aircraft. Weber had been in Burbank for 37 years.

Front of Bob Hope Airport, 2009

By the mid-1970s, Hollywood-Burbank Airport handled 1.5 million passengers annually. Airlines serving Bob Hope Airport
Bob Hope Airport
include Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue Airways, Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines
and United Air Lines. As of August 2009[update], Southwest represents two-thirds of the airport's operations.[49] In 2005, JetBlue Airways
JetBlue Airways
began the first non-stop coast-to-coast service out of the airport. Avjet Corporation, a private jet service, operates out of several hangars on the south side of the airport. Surf Air operates six daily flights out of Burbank airport servicing Santa Barbara and San Carlos in the Silicon Valley. Atlantic Aviation, (formerly Mercury Air Center) also provides jet services for several prominent companies. In 1987, Burbank's airport became the first to require flight carriers to fly quieter "Stage 3" jets. By 2010, Burbank's Bob Hope Airport
Bob Hope Airport
had 4.5 million passengers annually. The airport also was a major facility for FedEx and UPS, with 96.2 million pounds of cargo that year.[50] In early 2012, American Airlines
American Airlines
announced it would cease flights in and out of Burbank. The decision followed American's parent company filing for bankruptcy protection in November 2011.[51] American ranks well behind Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines
in terms of passenger traffic from Bob Hope Airport. For October 2011, Southwest flew roughly 233,000 passengers that month while American was just under 30,000 passengers. A 2012 study found Burbank ranks among the lowest in terms of tax burdens for travelers, according to a trade group for travel managers. GBTA Foundation found on average Burbank charges $22.74 per day for travelers compared with $40.31 for Chicago and $37.98 for New York.[52] An expansion of the airport facilities began in August 2012 when construction commenced on the Regional Intermodal Transportation Center (RITC) along Empire Avenue directly across from the Hollywood Burbank Airport Train Station. RITC opened in June 2014 [53] RITC links the airport to other transportation systems, including regional bus lines, shuttles, as well as the Amtrak
and Metrolink rail services, and includes an elevated covered moving walkway to the terminal building. An adjacent multi-story parking structure also is planned on the site. Additionally, the airport was given $3.5 million in Metrolink funds for a bridge that would cross south of the RITC facility on Empire Avenue to the rail platform used by Metrolink and Amtrak. The RITC's overall cost was reported at $112 million and includes consolidating rental car facilities of at least nine different rental car brands.[54] RITC also will serve as a command center for emergency operations.[55] Reversing recent passenger declines, the airport reported the number of passengers in the first seven months of 2015 rose 2.4% compared with the same period a year ago. That marked a turnaround from slow passenger trends experience since 2007.[56] Meanwhile, there have been discussions in recent years by members of the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Authority to rebrand the Bob Hope Airport to identify the location more with Hollywood
and the Burbank area.[57] That name change was finally approved in May 2016 by the airport's leaders.[58] Airport officials hope the branding will increase passenger traffic, particularly as the airport prepares to construct a new and larger terminal facility. "For passengers unfamiliar with our Airport, the word ‘Hollywood’ has international recognition,” Airport Executive Director Frank Mille was quoted as saying in a 2017 press release. “But although we have a new name, we’re still the convenient Airport our passengers know and love.”[59] Prodded by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, airport officials looked to replace the aging terminal with something up to two-thirds bigger in size. The current terminal dates back to the 1930s and is deemed too close to the runways by current standards – roughly 250 feet (76 m) instead of the required 750 feet.[60] In November 2016, city voters approved a replacement terminal.[61] The Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Authority has said it hopes to have the replacement terminal open in 2022. Entertainment industry[edit]

Warner Music Group
Warner Music Group
offices in Burbank

The motion picture business arrived in Burbank in the 1920s. In 1926, First National Pictures
First National Pictures
bought a 78-acre (320,000 m2) site on Olive Avenue near Dark Canyon. The property included a 40-acre (160,000 m2) hog ranch and the original David Burbank house, both owned by rancher Stephen A. Martin. In 1928–29, First National was taken over by a company founded by the four Warner Brothers. Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
purchased property in Burbank as a ranch facility, used primarily for outdoor shooting. Walt Disney's company, which had outgrown its Hollywood
quarters, bought 51 acres (210,000 m2) in Burbank. Disney's million-dollar studio, designed by Kem Weber, was completed in 1939 on Buena Vista Street. Disney originally wanted to build "Mickey Mouse Park," as he first called it, next to the Burbank studio. But his aides finally convinced him that the space was too small, and there was opposition from the Burbank City Council. One council member told Disney: "We don't want the carny atmosphere in Burbank." Disney later built his successful Disneyland
in Anaheim. Burbank saw its first real civil strife as the culmination of a six-month labor dispute between the set decorator's union and the studios resulted in the Battle of Burbank on October 5, 1945. By the 1960s and 1970s, more of the Hollywood
entertainment industry was relocating to Burbank. NBC
moved its west coast headquarters to a new location at Olive and Alameda avenues. The Burbank studio was purchased in 1951, and NBC
arrived in 1952 from its former location at Sunset and Vine in Hollywood. Although NBC
promoted its Hollywood image for most of its West Coast telecasts (such as Ed McMahon's introduction to The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson: "from Hollywood"), comedians Dan Rowan
Dan Rowan
and Dick Martin began mentioning "beautiful downtown Burbank" on Laugh-in
in the 1960s. By 1962, NBC's multimillion-dollar, state-of-the-art complex was completed. Warners, NBC, and Disney all ended up located very close to each other along the southern edge of Burbank (and not far from Universal City to the southwest), an area now known as the Media District,[62] Media Center District or simply Media Center.[63] In the early 1990s, Burbank imposed growth restrictions in the Media District.[62] Since then, to house its growing workforce, Disney has focused on developing the site of the former Grand Central Airport in the nearby city of Glendale. Only Disney's most senior executives and some film, television, and animation operations are still based at the main Disney studio lot in Burbank. Rumors surfaced of NBC
leaving Burbank after its parent company General Electric Company
General Electric Company
acquired Universal Studios
Universal Studios
and renamed the merged division NBC
Universal. Since the deal, NBC
has been relocating key operations to the Universal property located in Universal City. In 2007, NBC
Universal management informed employees that the company planned to sell much of the Burbank complex. NBC
Universal would relocate its television and cable operations to the Universal City complex.[64] When Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
took over hosting The Tonight Show from Carson's successor Jay Leno
Jay Leno
in 2009, he hosted the show from Universal City. However, O'Brien's hosting role lasted only 7 months, and Leno, who launched a failed primetime 10pm show in fall 2009, was asked to resume his Tonight Show role after O'Brien controversially left NBC. The show returned to the NBC
Burbank lot and had been expected to remain there until at least 2018.[65] However, in April 2013 NBC
confirmed plans for The Tonight Show to return to New York after 42 years in Burbank, with comic Jimmy Fallon
Jimmy Fallon
replacing Leno as host. The change became effective in February 2014.[66] The relocation plans changed following Comcast
Corp.'s $30 billion acquisition of NBC
Universal in January 2011. NBC
Universal announced in January 2012 it would relocate the NBC
Network, Telemundo's L.A. Bureau, as well as local stations K NBC
and KVEA
to the former Technicolor building located on the lower lot of Universal Studios
Universal Studios
in Universal City.[67] The former NBC
Studios were renamed The Burbank Studios. Meanwhile, Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
is now based in Burbank, taping his new TBS talk show, Conan, from Stage 15 on the Warner lot.[68] Stage 15, constructed in the late 1920s, is where classics such as Calamity Jane (1953), Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
(1974), Ghostbusters
(1984) and A Star Is Born were filmed. In the early 1990s, Burbank tried unsuccessfully to lure Sony Pictures Entertainment, the Columbia and TriStar studios owner based in Culver City, and 20th Century Fox, which had threatened to move from its West Los Angeles
Los Angeles
lot unless the city granted permission to upgrade its facility. Fox stayed after getting Los Angeles
Los Angeles
city approval on its $200 million expansion plan. In 1999, the city managed to gain Cartoon Network Studios which took up residence in an old commercial bakery building located on North 3rd St. when it separated its production operations from Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Animation in Sherman Oaks, CA. Cinema history[edit] Burbank has a rich cinematic history. Hundreds of major feature films have filmed in Burbank over the years, but perhaps none more famous than Casablanca (1942), starring Humphrey Bogart.[69] The movie began production a few months after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. Due to World War II, location shooting was restricted and filming near airports was banned. As a result, Casablanca shot most of its major scenes on Stage 1 at the Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Burbank Studios, including the film's famous airport scene. It featured a foggy Moroccan runway created on the stage where Bogart's character doesn't fly away with Ingrid Bergman. Bonnie and Clyde
Bonnie and Clyde
(1967) was also filmed at the Warner Bros. Burbank Studios. The Gary Cooper classic High Noon
High Noon
(1952) shot on a western street at the Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
"Ranch", then known as the Columbia Ranch.[69] The ranch facility is situated less than a mile north of Warner's main lot in Burbank. The 1957 classic 3:10 to Yuma also filmed on the old Columbia Ranch, and much of the outdoor filming for the Three Stooges took place at Columbia Ranch, including most of the chase scenes. In 1993, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
bulldozed the historic Burbank-based sets used to film High Noon
High Noon
and Lee Marvin's 1965 Oscar-winning Western comedy Cat Ballou, as well as several other features and television shows. The 1974 Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
classic Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
gives viewer a brief glance behind the scenes as they literally break the fourth wall onto an adjacent stage, and through the Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
commissary before spilling out of the main studio gates and onto Olive Avenue. Other classic live-action films shot in Burbank include Disney's Mary Poppins (1964), filmed on Sound Stage 2 at the Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios. Julie Andrews returned 37 years later to make Disney's The Princess Diaries (2001). As a tribute to the actress, Disney renamed the sound stage "The Julie Andrews Stage" in 2001. In 2002, a fire broke out on the Disney's Burbank lot, damaging a sound stage where a set was under construction for Disney's feature film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003). No one was injured in the blaze. While filming Apollo 13
Apollo 13
(1995) and Coach Carter
Coach Carter
(2005), the producers shot scenes at Burbank's Safari Inn Motel. True Romance
True Romance
(1993) also filmed on location at the motel. Back to the Future
Back to the Future
(1985) shot extensively on the Universal Studios
Universal Studios
backlot but also filmed band audition scenes at the Burbank Community Center. San Fernando Blvd. doubled for San Diego
San Diego
in The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) while much of Christopher Nolan's Memento was shot in and around Burbank with scenes on Burbank Blvd., at the Blue Room (a local bar also featured in the 1994 Michael Mann feature Heat), the tattoo parlor, as well as the character Natalie's home. The city's indoor shopping mall, Burbank Town Center, is a popular backdrop for shooting films, television series and commercials. Over the years, it was the site for scenes in Bad News Bears
Bad News Bears
(2005) to location shooting for Cold Case, Gilmore Girls, ER and even Desperate Housewives.[70] The ABC show Desperate Housewives
Desperate Housewives
also was known to frequently use the Magnolia Park area for show scenes, along with the city's retail district along Riverside and adjacent to Toluca Lake, California. Also, Universal Pictures Larry Crowne
Larry Crowne
shot exterior scenes outside Burbank's Kmart, the store doubled for 'U Mart',[71] and in The Hangover Part II
The Hangover Part II
(2011) about a breakfast scene at the IHOP restaurant across the street. During 2010, Burbank experienced a surge in on-location commercial and TV production. The city's film permit official reported 32 permits were issued in December 2010 alone, up from 24 permits in the year-earlier period. Among the 2010 commercials filmed in the city were spots for Baskin-Robbins, Taco Bell
Taco Bell
and U.S. Bank.[72] In 2012, an international filmmaking and acting academy opened its doors in Burbank. The school, the International Academy of Film and Television, traces its roots to the Philippines. The first class will include students from 30 countries.[73] Burbank today[edit] Heading into 2018, Burbank was expected to decide whether to establish a rent-control ordinance for about 10,400 residential units in the city. State law bars communities in the state from putting rent control on complexes built after February 1995. Any rent control ordinance also would require the exemption of single-family homes and condominiums. Housing costs in California
have been going up in the last decade and there's a shortage of affordable housing. Rent control is seen as a way to keep housing costs affordable but some economists have suggested ordinances limiting rent only contribute to California's chronic housing problem.[74] Burbank has taken the initiative in various anti-smoking ordinances in the past decade.[75] In late 2010, Burbank passed an ordinance prohibiting smoking in multi-family residences sharing ventilation systems. The rule went into effect in mid-2011. The new anti-smoking ordinance, which also prohibits smoking on private balconies and patios in multi-family residences, is considered the first of its kind in California. Since 2007, Burbank has prohibited smoking at all city-owned properties, downtown Burbank, the Chandler Bikeway, and sidewalk and pedestrian areas.[76] The murder of Burbank police officer Matthew Pavelka in 2003 by a local gang known as the Vineland Boys sparked an intensive investigation in conjunction with several other cities and resulted in the arrest of a number of gang members and other citizens in and around Burbank. Among those arrested was Burbank councilwoman Stacey Murphy, implicated in trading guns in exchange for drugs.[77][78] Pavelka was the first Burbank police officer to be fatally shot in the line of duty in the department's history, according to the California Police Association officials. The city's namesake street, Burbank Boulevard, started getting a makeover in 2007. The city spent upwards of $10 million to plant palm trees and colorful flowers, a median, new lights, benches and bike racks. Today, an estimated 100,000 people work in Burbank. The physical imprints of the city's aviation industry remain. In late 2001, the Burbank Empire Center opened with aviation as the theme. The center, built at a cost of $250 million by Zelman Development Company, sits on Empire Avenue, former site of Lockheed's top secret "Skunk Works", and other Lockheed properties. By 2003, many of the center's retailers and restaurants were among the top national performers in their franchise. The Burbank Empire Center comprises over 11% of Burbank's sales tax revenue, not including nearby Costco, a part of the Empire Center development. Work started in summer 2015 to open a Walmart
Supercenter on the site of the former Great Indoors store.[79] The project had been halted since 2011 due to lawsuits.[80] However, the Walmart
store finally opened its doors in June 2016. Burbank also is scheduled to get its first Whole Foods Market
Whole Foods Market
near The Burbank Studios lot. The mixed-use development will include apartment units above the store.[81] The project has faced controversy due to traffic concerns and street barriers in the adjacent neighborhood.[82] Geography[edit] According to the United States
United States
Bureau, Burbank has a total area of 17.4 square miles (45 km2). 17.4 square miles (45 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.12%) is water. It is bordered by Glendale to the east, North Hollywood
and Toluca Lake on the west, and Griffith Park
Griffith Park
to the south. The Verdugo Mountains form the northern border. Elevations in the city range from 500 feet (150 m) in the lower valley areas to about 800 feet (240 m) near the Verdugo Mountains. Most of Burbank features a water table more than 100 feet (30 m) deep, more than the measures found in the 1940s when the water table was within 50 feet (15 m) of the ground surface in some areas of Burbank. Geology[edit] Burbank is located within a seismically active area. At least eight major faults are mapped within 13.5 miles (21.7 km) of Burbank's civic center. The San Fernando Fault, located 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Burbank's downtown, caused the 6.6 magnitude 1971 San Fernando earthquake. The Verdugo Fault, which can reach a maximum estimated 6.5 magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale, is about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the city of Burbank's civic center. This fault extends throughout the city, and is located in the alluvium just south of the Verdugo Mountains. The fault is mapped on surface in northeastern Glendale, and at various locations in Burbank. Other nearby faults include the Northridge Hills Fault (10 miles (16 km) northwest of Burbank), the Newport–Inglewood Fault (12.5 miles (20.1 km)), Whittier Fault (21 miles (34 km)), and lastly the San Andreas Fault
San Andreas Fault
(28 miles (45 km)) with its 8.25 magnitude potential on the Richter Scale.[83] Burbank suffered $66.1 million in damage from the 1994 Northridge earthquake, according to the city's finance department. There was $58 million in damage to privately owned facilities in commercial, industrial, manufacturing and entertainment businesses. Another $8.1 million in losses included damaged public buildings, roadways and a power station in Sylmar that is partly owned by Burbank. Climate[edit] Burbank has a Subtropical
Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Köppen climate classification Csa). The highest recorded temperature in Burbank was 113 °F (45 °C) in 1971. The lowest recorded temperature was 22 °F (−6 °C) in 1978. The driest rainfall season on record was the 2006–2007 season with 2.83 inches (72 mm), beating the previous record of 5.12 inches (130 mm) set in 2001–2002.[84] The months that receive the most precipitation are February and January, respectively.[85]

Climate data for Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, California (1981–2010, extremes 1939–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 93 (34) 92 (33) 98 (37) 105 (41) 107 (42) 111 (44) 110 (43) 111 (44) 113 (45) 108 (42) 98 (37) 92 (33) 113 (45)

Average high °F (°C) 67.8 (19.9) 68.0 (20) 70.2 (21.2) 73.2 (22.9) 76.2 (24.6) 80.5 (26.9) 86.5 (30.3) 88.1 (31.2) 86.1 (30.1) 79.7 (26.5) 73.0 (22.8) 67.0 (19.4) 76.36 (24.65)

Average low °F (°C) 41.9 (5.5) 43.9 (6.6) 46.4 (8) 49.9 (9.9) 54.7 (12.6) 58.5 (14.7) 62.3 (16.8) 62.4 (16.9) 60.1 (15.6) 54.0 (12.2) 46.0 (7.8) 41.2 (5.1) 51.78 (10.98)

Record low °F (°C) 22 (−6) 27 (−3) 22 (−6) 32 (0) 39 (4) 43 (6) 45 (7) 46 (8) 43 (6) 33 (1) 29 (−2) 22 (−6) 22 (−6)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.53 (89.7) 4.48 (113.8) 2.97 (75.4) 1.11 (28.2) 0.35 (8.9) 0.11 (2.8) 0.02 (0.5) 0.07 (1.8) 0.23 (5.8) 0.97 (24.6) 1.07 (27.2) 2.40 (61) 17.31 (439.7)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.2 6.8 5.8 3.3 1.4 0.7 0.2 0.4 1.0 2.5 3.0 5.2 36.5

Source #1: NOAA[86][87]

Source #2: [88]

Highest Recorded Temperature: 113 °F (45 °C) Lowest Recorded Temperature: 22 °F (−6 °C) Warmest Month: August Coolest Month: December Highest Precipitation: February Lowest Precipitation: July

Neighborhoods[edit] Magnolia Park area[edit] Magnolia Park, established on Burbank's western edge in the early 1920s, had 3,500 houses within six years after its creation. When the city refused to pay for a street connecting the subdivision with the Cahuenga Pass, real estate developer and daily farmer Earl L. White did it himself and called it Hollywood
Way. White was owner of KELW, the San Fernando Valley's first commercial radio station, which went on the air February 13, 1927. The 1,000-watt radio station was sold in 1935 to the Hearst newspaper company.[89]

Vintage clothing shops in the Magnolia Park area of Burbank.

The city's Magnolia Park area, bordered by West Verdugo Avenue to the south, Chandler Boulevard to the north, Hollywood
Way to the west and Buena Vista Street to the east is known for its small-town feel, shady streets and Eisenhower-era storefronts. Most of the homes in the area date to the 1940s, when they were built for veterans of World War II. Central to the community is Magnolia Boulevard, known for its antique shops, boutiques, thrift shops, corner markets, and occasional chain stores.[90] The neighborhood is in constant struggle with developers looking to expand and update Magnolia Boulevard. Independent merchants and slow-growth groups have fought off new construction and big-box stores. The neighborhood remains quiet despite being beneath the airport flight path and bordered by arterial streets.[citation needed] One of the centerpieces of the area's attempted comeback is Porto's Bakery at the old Albin's drug store site located at 3606 and 3614 West Magnolia Boulevard. As part of the project, Burbank loaned Porto's funds for building upgrades. Under the agreement a portion of the loan will be forgiven over a 10-year period. East of Porto's is Antique Row, a hub for shopping in the city.[91] Other enhancements include converting the disused railroad right-of-way along Chandler Boulevard into a landscaped bikeway and pedestrian path. This project was part of a larger bike route linking Burbank's downtown Metrolink station with the Red Line subway in North Hollywood. The bike friendly neighborhood and vintage shops has made this a part of the San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley
that is frequented by Hipsters.[92] Rancho Equestrian area[edit] Perhaps the most famous collection of neighborhoods in Burbank is the Rancho Equestrian District, flanked roughly by Griffith Park
Griffith Park
to the south, Victory Boulevard to the east, Olive Avenue to the west and Alameda Avenue to the north. Part of the Rancho community extends into neighboring Glendale. The neighborhood zoning allows residents to keep horses on their property. Single-family homes far outnumber multifamily units in the Rancho. Many of the homes have stables and horse stalls. There are about 785 single-family homes, 180 condos and townhomes and 250 horses. The Rancho has traditionally been represented by the Burbank Rancho Homeowners, which was formed in 1963 by Floran Frank and other equestrian enthusiasts and is the oldest neighborhood group in the city. The community recently stopped the development of a Whole Foods store in the Rancho area. Rancho real estate sells at a premium due to its equestrian zoning, numerous parks, connection to riding trails in Griffith Park
Griffith Park
and its adjacency to Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
and Disney Studios. Riverside Drive, its main thoroughfare, is lined with sycamore and oak trees, some more than 70 years old. It is quite common to see people on horseback riding along Riverside Drive's designated horse lanes. Of historical note, the Rancho was the home to TV star Mister Ed, the talking horse of the early 1960s show of the same name. Other notable former Rancho residents included Ava Gardner
Ava Gardner
and Tab Hunter, as well as Bette Davis in the adjoining Glendale Rancho area. The rancho is especially known for its parks and open space. This includes centrally located Mountain View Park, Johnny Carson Park, Los Angeles' Griffith Park
Griffith Park
and Equestrian Center, Bette Davis
Bette Davis
Park (in the adjoining Glendale Rancho) and the neighborhood's beloved Polliwog, extending along Disney's animation building and used by local residents to exercise their horses. In the 1960s, General Motors Corporation
General Motors Corporation
opened training facilities on Riverside Drive in the Rancho area, but in 1999 decided to contract out dealer-technician training to Raytheon Company
Raytheon Company
and dismissed a dozen employees. In 2006, GM confiscated EV1
electric-powered cars from drivers who had leased them and moved them to the GM facility in Burbank. When environmentalists determined the location of the cars, they began a month-long vigil at the facility.[93] To challenge the company's line that they were unwanted, they found buyers for all of them, offering a total of $1.9 million.[94] The vehicles were loaded on trucks and removed, and several activists who tried to intervene were arrested. The property was sold in 2012 to Lycée International de Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(LILA), a dual French-English language school, who opened a private high school in August 2013.[95] The new school includes 23 classrooms, four labs, an auditorium, an art room, an indoor sports rooms, two outdoor volleyball courts and basketball courts, according to the school's website. Notable locations[edit]

Burbank Public Library Burbank City Hall Buena Vista Branch Burbank Public Library De Bell Municipal Golf Course Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center Northwest Park Branch Burbank Public Library Southern California
Genealogical Society Library Gordon R. Howard Museum Martial Arts History Museum New York Film Academy Valhalla Memorial Park Nicktoons Studios The Burbank Studios The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Studios Columbia Ranch Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Studios New Normal Studios/The Tom Leykis
Tom Leykis
Show Providencia Ranch
Providencia Ranch
area – 1911 to 1960 Nestor Ranch 1911 Universal City 1912 to 1914 Lasky Ranch Hasbro Studios Hudkins Stables of Hollywood

Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios[edit] Main article: Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios (Burbank)

The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios, the headquarters of The Walt Disney
Walt Disney

The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios in Burbank serve as the international headquarters for media conglomerate The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company. Disney staff began the move from the old Disney studio at Hyperion Avenue in Silver Lake on December 24, 1939. Designed primarily by Kem Weber under the supervision of Walt Disney
Walt Disney
and his brother Roy, the Burbank Disney Studio buildings are the only studios to survive from the Golden Age of filming. Disney is the only remaining major studio company to remain independent from a larger conglomerate and whose parent entity is still located in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
area. Disney is also the only major film studio that does not run public backlot tours. Providencia Ranch[edit] Filmmaking began in the Providencia Ranch
Providencia Ranch
area (marked in yellow on the Providencia Land, Water & Development Co. map in this section). Nestor Studios began using the ranch location in 1911. The Providencia Ranch
Providencia Ranch
became part of the Universal Film Manufacturing operations on the Pacific/West Coast in 1912. From 1912 to 1914 Universal's ranch studio was also referred to as the Oak
Crest Ranch. Carl Laemmle called the ranch "Universal City" as recorded in issues of The Moving Picture World
The Moving Picture World
Volume: 16 (April – June 1913). Universal City existed on the Providencia Land and Water property from 1912 to 1914. In 1914, the Oak
Crest studio ranch and Hollywood
studio operation would move to the new Universal City located on the Lankershim Land and Water property. The official public opening occurred March 15, 1915, on the Lankershim Property. The new Universal City (three tracts of land) was much larger than the old Universal (Oak/Providencia) Ranch. The Universal Ranch tract of land became smaller after the 1914 move to the Taylor Ranch. The leased land surrounding the universal ranch would soon become the Lasky Ranch. The Providencia property was used as a filming location by other motion picture companies, most notably for battle scenes in the silent classic about the American Civil War, The Birth of a Nation
The Birth of a Nation
(1915). Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1920 2,913

1930 16,662


1940 34,337


1950 78,577


1960 90,155


1970 88,871


1980 84,625


1990 93,643


2000 100,316


2010 103,340


Est. 2016 104,447 [7] 1.1%

U.S. Decennial Census[96]

Burbank experienced a 4.8% increase in population between 2000 and 2016, bringing its total population in 2016 to 105,110.[97] Population growth was influenced by Burbank's expanding employment base, high quality public schools, and access to regional transportation routes and metropolitan Los Angeles. According to the Southern California Association of Government's 2016 Demographic and Growth Forecast, the population of Burbank is expected to reach about 118,700 by 2040, an increase of 15 percent from 2012.[98] 2010[edit] The 2010 United States
United States
Census[99] reported that Burbank had a population of 103,340. The population density was 5,946.3 people per square mile (2,295.9/km2). The racial makeup of Burbank was 75,167 (72.7%) White (58.3% Non-Hispanic White),[100] 2,600 (2.5%) African American, 486 (0.5%) Native American, 12,007 (11.6%) Asian, 89 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 7,999 (7.7%) from other races, and 4,992 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25,310 persons (24.5%). The Census
reported that 102,767 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 291 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 282 (0.3%) were institutionalized. There were 41,940 households, out of which 12,386 (29.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18,388 (43.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,984 (11.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,050 (4.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,177 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 396 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 12,823 households (30.6%) were made up of individuals and 4,179 (10.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 25,422 families (60.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.13. The population was spread out with 20,488 people (19.8%) under the age of 18, 8,993 people (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 32,513 people (31.5%) aged 25 to 44, 27,552 people (26.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,794 people (13.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males. There were 44,309 housing units at an average density of 2,549.6 per square mile (984.4/km2), of which 18,465 (44.0%) were owner-occupied, and 23,475 (56.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 50,687 people (49.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 52,080 people (50.4%) lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, Burbank had a median household income of $66,240, with 9.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[100] 2000[edit] While white residents continue to comprise the majority of Burbank's population, this proportion has decreased substantially from almost 80% in 1980 to approximately 72% in 2000.[101] In contrast, the share of Hispanic residents increased steadily over the past two decades, growing from 16% in 1980 to 25% in 2000. Although Asian residents represent a smaller segment of the population, the share of Asian residents more than tripled since 1980, increasing from 3% in 1980 to 9% in 2000. The black population remained limited, rising from less than 1% in 1980 to almost 2% in 2000. As of the census[102] of 2000, there were 100,316 people, 41,608 households, and 24,382 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,782.4 inhabitants per square mile (2,232.4/km2). There were 42,847 housing units at an average density of 2,469.8 per square mile (953.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.2% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 9.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.9% from other races, and 6.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.9% of the population. There were 41,608 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $72,347, and the median income for a family was $78,767. Males had a median income of $59,792 versus $41,273 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,713. About 6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over. Crime[edit] Burbank's overall crime rate for violent and property crimes during 2017 was up 2.9 percent compared with 2016 levels, according to the city police department's online data. But that is below the 12 percent jump recorded from 2016 to 2015.[103] The police department statistics show robberies, burglaries and auto thefts fell in 2017 compared with the year-ago period. Rapes also were down in 2017, according to the police data. There were no murders listed in Burbank during 2016 and 2017. Niche, a national online database that publishes city rankings, listed Burbank in 2017 as one of the top-15 "safest cities in America"[104] and number 58 in terms of the "best cities to live in America."[105] Burbank's violent crime rate was approximately 2.34 per 1,000 people in 2009, well below the national average of 4.29 per 1,000 people as reported by the U.S. Department of Justice in the Bureau of Justice Statistics.[106] Furthermore, Burbank was named again in 2010 as One of the Nation's 100 Best Communities for Young People by America's Promise Alliance.[107] As of December 2011, Burbank Police began for the first time posting arrest information online.[108] The website contains archives from the start of the program. Criminal offenses are charged and locally prosecuted in the Burbank Courthouse. The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
District Attorney handles all of the felony violations which occur within Burbank city limits. The Burbank City Attorney, through its Prosecution Division, handles the remaining violations, which include all misdemeanors, and municipal code violations such as the Burbank Anti-Smoking Ordinance, as well as traffic offenses. The Burbank Superior Court is a high-volume courthouse; the City Prosecutor files approximately 5,500 cases yearly, and the Burbank Police Department directly files approximately 12,000 to 15,000 traffic citations per year. Burbank Court, Division Two, handles all of the misdemeanor arraignments for Burbank offenses. A typical arraignment calendar is between 100 and 120 cases each day, including 15 to 25 defendants who are brought to court in custody. Many cases are initiated by arrests at the Burbank (Bob Hope) Airport. Common arrests include possession of drugs such as marijuana, weapons, prohibited items, as well as false identification charges.[109] One of the most infamous crimes in the city took place in March 1953, when elderly widow Mabel Monahan was killed in her Burbank home. When Monahan, 64, opened the door to her house on West Parkside Avenue, she found herself confronted by a stranger, Barbara Graham (also sometimes referred to as Barbara Wood). Graham, along with some other accomplices, had heard rumors of a Las Vegas gambling fortune hidden in Monahan's house. The crime scene was discovered by a gardener, who went to Monahan's front door and looked in to find a ransacked home and a grisly trail of blood. The gardener immediately called the Burbank Police, who discovered Monahan's badly beaten body, half in and half out of a closet. On June 3, 1955, Graham and two of her partners in crime were executed in the gas chamber at San Quentin
San Quentin
for their part in the brutal murder of Mabel Monahan. Graham had insisted she was innocent. Actress Susan Hayward won a Best Actress Oscar for her portrayal of Graham in the 1958 classic movie I Want To Live. Prior to filming, director Robert Wise had attended an actual execution at San Quentin
San Quentin
Prison in order to help him authentically capture his film's climactic event. In 1983, ABC Television remade the movie, casting actress Lindsay Wagner
Lindsay Wagner
(known for her role as the Bionic Woman) as Barbara Graham. In February 1969, Burbank resident and former LAPD officer Paul S. Perveler was found guilty of murdering his wife, Cheryl, who was shot to death in her open convertible as she parked the vehicle in the carport of the Pervelers' Grismer Avenue apartment building. In a case that had similarities to the 1944 film classic Double Indemnity, Perveler had taken out a $25,000 double-indemnity life insurance policy on Cheryl, whom he had married just seven weeks earlier. Perveler and his girlfriend, Kristina Cromwell, were also convicted of the earlier December 1966 murder of Cromwell's husband, Marlin, who had been found shot to death in the living room of the Cromwell house in El Sereno, which had then been set on fire. Kristina Cromwell had taken out a $35,000 insurance policy on her husband prior to his murder. The pair was largely convicted on circumstantial evidence presented by prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi, who would later serve as lead prosecutor on the Tate-LaBianca murders committed by the Charles Manson "family." Cromwell was paroled in 1976; Perveler remains imprisoned at Mule Creek State Prison in Ione, California
as of April 2013. The case was the basis for the best-selling book "Till Death Us Do Part: A True Murder Mystery," co-authored by Bugliosi and Ken Hurwitz, as well as the 2017 Season 4 finale of Investigation Discovery's series A Crime to Remember, "The Newlydeads". In February 1981, serial killer Lawrence Bittaker, a Burbank machinist, was convicted of first-degree murder in the 1979 kidnapping and slaying of five teen-aged girls in a case that was the first felony trial in California
to allow TV cameras into the courtroom over the objections of the defendant. As of March 2018, he was still on Death Row. Prior to the murder of Burbank police officer Matthew Pavelka in 2003, the city experienced earlier cases of tragedy involving local law enforcement. Marshal Luther Colson and Deputy City Marshal Robert L. Normand were shot to death while patrolling the city. Their deaths in 1914 and 1920 marked the first time that Burbank police officers were killed in the line of duty. Colson was shot the evening of November 16, 1914, when he was walking on railroad tracks near what is now Victory Place and Lake Street. Six years later, Normand was killed when he responded to a call for help to check on three men in a vehicle with its lights out. The men began shooting as Normand and another officer approached the car. The other officer survived despite three bullet wounds, but Normand died at the scene. Additionally, two other Burbank officers have died on duty. They were motorcycle officers Joseph R. Wilson and Richard E. Kunkle, who were killed in separate accidents in 1961. Economy[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Office space in the Burbank media district along California
State Route 134

The second-largest office space market in the San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley
is located in Burbank. Much of the space is utilized by the entertainment industry, which has among the highest office lease rates in the region.[110] In 2017, two entities owned about 70 percent of Burbank's office space.[111] About 150,000 people work in Burbank each day, or more than live in the city. As of 2016, only 25 percent of the city's employed residents worked in Burbank.[112] According to the U.S. Census
Bureau, in 2012 there were 17,587 companies within the city of Burbank and with combined payroll totaling in excess of $13.4 billion.[113] A good chunk of Burbank's economy is based on the entertainment industry. While Hollywood
may be a symbol of the entertainment industry, much of the actual production occurs in Burbank. Many companies have headquarters or facilities in Burbank, including Warner Bros. Entertainment, Warner Music Group, The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company, ABC, Cartoon Network Studios
Cartoon Network Studios
with the West Coast headquarters of Cartoon Network, Nickelodeon Animation Studios, Cookie Jar Entertainment, New Wave Entertainment, and Insomniac Games. Many ancillary companies from Arri
cameras, to Cinelease, Entertainment Partners, JL Fisher, and Matthews Studio Equipment also maintain a presence in Burbank. Xytech Systems Corporation, a business software and services provider to the entertainment industry, is headquartered in Burbank. Local IATSE
union offices for the Stagehands Local 33, Grips Local 80, Make-up and Hairstylist Local 706, Set Painters Local 729 and Animation Guild Local 839 also make their home in Burbank with Teamsters
Local 399, IBEW
Local 40 and many other IATSE
locals nearby. Burbank has not been immune to the U.S. economic and housing impacts from the recession. From 2007 to 2016, the city had more than 1,200 home foreclosures, with about three-fourths of them happening from 2007 to 2011.[114] City officials prepared for cutbacks going into 2009. Burbank's City Manager, Mike Flad, estimated the city's 2009–10 fiscal budget will suffer a 5% shortfall. In fact, the city's budget woes continued into 2017. At the beginning of the budget development process for fiscal 2016-17, the city's staff was projecting a recurring budget deficit of $1.3 million for the year.[115] That followed several years of across-the-board budget cuts by various city departments, according to budget documents. Even so, the city still managed to add some new positions and increase fire staffing. One of the increased costs Burbank and many other California cities are coping with is unfunded pension liability. The city manager's budget message in 2016-17 identified Burbank's aging infrastructure as one of the top priorities of city officials but also one of its biggest financial challenges. The city's 2017 budget documents indicated Burbank should be spending at least $5 million more annually to address the backlog of maintenance on infrastructure and update Burbank's facilities.[116] Regardless, the city forecasts it will post a deficit for at least the next five years, projecting about $9.4 million in red ink in fiscal year 2017-18 and a deficit of about $27.4 million by 2022-23.[117] As of April 2012, unemployment in the Burbank area stood at 8.4%, or below the state's jobless rate of 10.9%, according to the California Employment Development Department.[118] Back in January 2011, the unemployment rate in Burbank had reached 10.7%, according to EDD.[119] By November 2017, though, the unemployment rate in Burbank was just 3.4%, below the 4.1% rate in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, according to EDD data.[120] One bright spot in the otherwise bleak job market during the recession was Kaiser Permanente's decision to relocate some administrative offices near the Burbank airport.[121] The relocation from Kaiser's Glendale and Pasadena administrative offices to Burbank was completed in 2009. Additionally, KCET television announced plans in 2012 to relocate to Burbank's Media District.[122] KCET is a former PBS station and the nation's largest independent station in southern and central California. Hasbro Studios
Hasbro Studios
also is located in Burbank just east of the airport in a commercial complex previously occupied by Yahoo.

Looking north at Burbank from Griffith Park, 2006

Top employers[edit] According to the city's 2016 Burbank Community Profile,[123] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees

1 Warner Bros. 4,900

2 Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company 3,945

3 Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center 2,850

4 Hollywood
Burbank Airport 2,200

5 Burbank Unified School District 1,800

6 City of Burbank 1,600

7 Deluxe Entertainment Services Group 1,500

8 American Broadcasting Company 1,170

9 Entertainment Partners 875

10 Nickelodeon Animation Studio 602

Shopping[edit] The revitalized downtown Burbank provides an urban mix of shopping, dining, and entertainment. The San Fernando Strip is an exclusive mall designed to be a modern urban village, with apartments above the mall. An upscale shopping district is located in the state-of-the-art Empire Center neighborhood. The Burbank Town Center
Burbank Town Center
is a retail complex adjacent to the downtown core that was built in two phases between 1991 and 1992. In 1979, the Burbank Redevelopment Agency entered into an agreement with San Diego-based Ernest Hahn Company to build a regional mall known as Media City Center. It would later get renamed Burbank Town Center and undergo a $130 million facelift starting in 2004, including a new exterior streetscape façade. The agency, helped out with its powers of eminent domain, spent $52 million to buy up the 41-acre (170,000 m2) land in the area bounded by the Golden State Freeway, Burbank Boulevard, Third Street and Magnolia Boulevard. Original plans were for Media City Center included four anchor tenants, including a J.W. Robinson's. But May Co. Department Stores later bought the parent company of Robinson's and dropped out of the deal. The other stores then dropped out as well and Hahn and the agency dropped the project in March 1987. Within months, Burbank entered into negotiations with the Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company for a shopping mall and office complex to be called the "Disney MGM Backlot."[124] Disney had estimated that it could spend $150 million to $300 million on a complex of shops, restaurants, theaters, clubs and hotel, and had offered to move its animation department and Disney Channel
Disney Channel
cable network operation to the property as well. These plans ended in failure in February 1988 when Disney executives determined that the costs were too high. In January 1989, Burbank began Media City Center project negotiations with two developers, the Alexander Haagen Co. of Manhattan Beach and Price Kornwasser Associates of San Diego. Eight months later, Haagen won the contract and commenced construction, leading to the $250 million mall's opening in August 1991. Under terms of the agreement with Haagen, the city funded a $18 million parking garage and made between $8 and $12 million in improvements to the surrounding area. Plans by Sheraton Corporation
Sheraton Corporation
to build a 300-room hotel at the mall were shelved because of the weak economy. The new mall helped take the strain off Burbank's troubled economy, which had been hard hit by the departure of several large industrial employers, including Lockheed Corp. The center was partially financed with $50 million in city redevelopment funds. Construction had been in doubt for many years by economic woes and political turmoil since it was first proposed in the late 1970s. In 2003, Irvine-based Crown Realty & Development purchased the 1,200,000-square-foot (110,000 m2) Burbank Town Center
Burbank Town Center
from Pan Pacific Retail Properties for $111 million. Crown then hired General Growth Properties Inc., a Chicago-based real estate investment trust, for property management and leasing duties. At the time, the Burbank mall ranked as the No. 6 retail center in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County in terms of leasable square footage, with estimated combined tenant volumes in excess of $240 million. In 1994, Lockheed selected Chicago-based Homart Development Company as the developer of a retail center on a former Lockheed P-38 Lightning production facility near the Burbank Airport that was subject to a major toxic clean-up project. A year later, Lockheed merged with Martin Marietta to become Lockheed Martin Corp.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Lockheed was ordered to clean up the toxics as part of a federal Superfund
site.[125] The northern Burbank area also became identified as the San Fernando Valley's hottest toxic spot in 1989 by the South Coast Air Quality Management District, with Lockheed identified among major contributors.[126] Lockheed always maintained the site was never a health risk to the community.

Lockheed P-38 Lightning
Lockheed P-38 Lightning
production line in Burbank. The site is now location of Burbank Empire Center.

The Lockheed toxic clean-up site, just east of the Golden State Freeway, later became home to the Empire Center. Four developers competed to be selected to build the $300 million outdoor mall on the site. In 1999, Lockheed picked Los Angeles-based Zelman Cos. from among other contenders to create the retail-office complex on a 103-acre (0.42 km2) site.[127] Zelman purchased the land in 2000 for around $70 million. As part of the sales agreement, Lockheed carried out extensive soil vapor removal on the site. Lockheed had manufactured planes on the site from 1928 to 1991. Together with $42 million for demolition and $12 million for site investigation, Lockheed would eventually spend $115 million on the project. Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
proposed building a sports arena there for the Kings and the Clippers on the former B-1 bomber plant site. Price Club wanted it for a new store. Disney considered moving some operations there too. The city used the site in its failed attempt to lure DreamWorks
to Burbank.[128] Phoenix-based Vestar Development Company planned a major retail development and spent more than a year in negotiations to buy the property from Lockheed before pulling out late in 1998. Less than eight months after breaking ground, the Empire Center's first stores opened in October 2001. Local officials estimated the complex would generate about $3.2 million a year in sales tax revenue for the city, and as many as 3,500 local jobs.[129] Within a year of completion, the Empire Center was helping the city to post healthy growth in sales tax revenues despite a down economy. Alone, the Empire mall generated close to $800,000 in sales tax revenues in the second quarter of 2002. The outdoor mall's buildings hark back to Lockheed's glory days by resembling manufacturing plants. Each of the outdoor signs features a replica of a Lockheed aircraft, while the mall design brings to mind an airport, complete with a miniature control tower.[130] In 2009, work was finished on a $130-million office project adjacent to the Empire Center. The completion of the seven-story tower marked the final phase of the mixed-use Empire development near Bob Hope Airport. In late 2012, IKEA announced plans to relocate to a new site in Burbank. Its original location was situated north of the Burbank Town Center mall. The new location was approved by the city in 2014 and is just north of Alameda Avenue and east of the Golden State Freeway. The new 456,000-square-foot store was completed in February 2017, and when it opened was the largest IKEA in the United States.[131] Meantime, the old IKEA site north of the mall is getting its own makeover and will feature residential and retail space. Also, the Burbank Town Center
Burbank Town Center
mall itself is getting a facelift of its own. The two projects together are expected to cost more than $350 million. The redevelopment reportedly includes using some of the land just north of the old IKEA site, including the Office Max location.[132] Government[edit]

Burbank City Hall

In 1916, the original Burbank City Hall was constructed after bonds were issued to finance the project and pay for fire apparatus. Burbank's current City Hall was constructed from 1941 to 1942 in a neo-federalist Moderne style popular in the late Depression era. The structure was built at a total cost of $409,000, with funding from the Federal Works Agency
Federal Works Agency
and Works Project Administration
Works Project Administration
programs. City Hall was designed by architects William Allen and W. George Lutzi and completed in 1943. Originally, the City Hall building housed all city services, including the police and fire departments, an emergency medical ward, a courthouse and a jail. One of the most distinctive features of the cream-colored concrete building is its 77-foot (23 m) tower, which serves as the main lobby. The lobby interior features more than 20 types of marble, which can be found in the city seal on the floor, the trim, walls and in the treads and risers of the grand stairway. Artist Hugo Ballin created a "Four Freedoms" mural in Burbank's City Council chambers during World War II, although it was covered up for decades until art aficionados convinced the city to have the mural fully revealed. Ballin's work illustrates the "Four Freedoms" outlined in President Franklin Roosevelt's 1941 speech at the signing of the Atlantic Charter. In 1996, the City Hall was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, becoming the second building in Burbank to be listed on the register. The first was Burbank's main post office just blocks away from City Hall on Olive Avenue. In 1998, Burbank's state-of-the-art Police/Fire facility opened. Burbank is a charter city which operates under a council-manager form of government.[2] In 1927, voters approved the Council-Manager form of government. The five-member City Council is elected for four-year overlapping terms, with the Mayor appointed annually from among the Council. The City Clerk and the City Treasurer are also elected officials.

Burbank Fire Station 12

Burbank is a full-service, independent city, with offices of the City Manager and City Attorney, and departments of Community Development, Financial Services, Fire, Information Technology, Library Services, Management Services, Police, Parks-Recreation & Community Services, Public Works, and Burbank Water and Power (BWP). The first power was distributed within the city limits of Burbank in 1913, supplied then by Southern California
Edison Company. Today, the city-owned BWP serves 45,000 households and 6,000 businesses in Burbank with water and electricity. Additionally, the $382-million annual revenue utility offers fiber optic services. Burbank's city garbage pickup service began in 1920; outhouses were banned in 1922. At the height of California's 2001 energy crisis, BWP unveiled a mini-power plant at its landfill. It marked the world's first commercial landfill power plant using Capstone microturbine technology. Ten microturbines run on naturally occurring landfill gas, producing 300 kilowatts of renewable energy for Burbank. That's enough energy to serve the daily needs of about 250 homes. The landfill is located in the Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
in the northeastern portion of the city.[133] In 2015, Burbank reached its 2007 goal of providing 33% renewable energy to the city, a feat achieved five years ahead of schedule. As of 2017, the city was getting 35% of its power from renewables. Most of Burbank's current power comes from the Magnolia Power Project, a 328-megawatt power plant located on Magnolia Boulevard near the Interstate 5
Interstate 5
freeway. The municipal power plant, jointly owned by six Southern California
cities (Burbank, Glendale, Anaheim. Pasadena, Colton and Cerritos), began generating electricity in 2005. It replaced a 1941 facility that had served the customers of Burbank for almost 60 years.[134] Like other cities in California, Burbank has mandatory water cutbacks required under the state's drought emergency response plan announced in April 2015. Burbank is required to lower water use by 28 percent of 2013 levels. The state threatened stiff fines for non-compliance. The Burbank City Council lost a court case in 2000 involving the right to begin meetings with a sectarian prayer.[135] A Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County Superior Court judge ruled that prayers referencing specific religions violated the principle of separation of church and state in the First Amendment. While invocations were still allowed, Burbank officials were required to advise all clerics that sectarian prayer as part of Council meetings was not permitted under the Constitution. Like other California
cities, Burbank took a financial hit after Californians passed Proposition 13
Proposition 13
in 1977. The city dealt with the ramifications of maintaining service levels expected by the community but with lower tax revenues. As a result, Burbank officials opted to cut some services and implement user fees for specialized services.[citation needed] In late 2012, Burbank City Manager Mike Flad resigned after having held the job since 2009.[136] Flad worked his way up in the city government after serving 23 years as a city employee. He left to take the position of City Manager for the City of South Gate, California. Burbank City Council then named Ken Pulskamp to serve as interim City Manager.[137] In June 2013, Mark Scott was appointed the new city manager.[138] Scott had been city manager of Fresno, California. Scott moved on in early 2016 to another job, executive head in the city of San Bernardino. Burbank's current interim-city manager is Ron Davis, who also serves as general manager of Burbank Water and Power.[139] Davis has been employed by Burbank's community-owned utility since 1999. Mayors[edit]

Name Term

Thomas Story July 13, 1911 – April 15, 1912

Charles J. Forbes April 15, 1912 – November 16, 1912

Charles H. Kline November 16, 1912 – April 20, 1914

Willard A. Blanchard April 20, 1914 – April 17, 1922

James C. Crawford April 17, 1922 – April 19, 1926

John D. Radcliff April 19, 1926 – April 11, 1927

J. T. Lapsley April 11, 1927 – April 8, 1929

H. E. Bruce April 8, 1929 – April 7, 1931

James L. Norwood April 7, 1931 – April 10, 1933

Mark L. Stanchfield April 10, 1933 – January 30, 1934

Eugene M. Goss January 30, 1934 – March 19, 1934

Frank C. Tillson March 20, 1934 – April 14, 1941

Walter R. Hinton April 14, 1941 – April 9, 1945

Paul L. Brown April 9, 1945 – April 11, 1949

Floyd J. Jolley April 11, 1949 – April 9, 1951

Ralph H. Hilton April 9, 1951 – January 22, 1952

Walter W. Mansfield January 22, 1952 – March 12, 1953

Paul L. Brown March 12, 1953 – May 1, 1953

Carl M. King May 1, 1953 – August 17, 1954

Earle C. Blais August 17, 1954 – January 31, 1956

H. B. "Jerry" Bank January 31, 1956 – May 1, 1957

Edward C. Olson May 1, 1957 – May 13, 1958

Dallas M. Williams May 13, 1958 – May 1, 1959

Earle Wm. Burke May 1, 1959 – May 3, 1960

Newell J. Cooper May 3, 1960 – May 1, 1961

Dr. Robert F. Brandon May 1, 1961 – May 1, 1962

Charles E. Compton May 1, 1962 – May 1, 1963

John B. Whitney May 1, 1963 – May 5, 1964

Dallas M. Williams May 5, 1964 – May 3, 1965

George W. Haven May 3, 1965 – May 3, 1966

Robert F. Brandon May 3, 1966 – May 1, 1967

Charles E. Compton May 1, 1967 – May 7, 1968

John B. Whitney May 7, 1968 – May 1, 1969

George W. Haven May 1, 1969 – May 5, 1970

Jarvey Gilbert May 5, 1970 – April 13, 1971

Robert R. McKenzie April 13, 1971 – May 3, 1971

Robert A. Swanson May 3, 1971 – May 2, 1972

D. Verner Gibson May 2, 1972 – May 1, 1973

Byron E. Cook May 1, 1973 – April 30, 1974

Vincent Stefano, Jr. April 30, 1974 – May 1, 1975

William B. Rudell May 1, 1975 – May 3, 1976

Leland C. Ayers May 3, 1976 – May 2, 1977

D. Verner Gibson May 2, 1977 – May 2, 1978

Byron E. Cook May 2, 1978 – May 1, 1979

E. Daniel Remy May 1, 1979 – May 1, 1980

Leland C. Ayers May 1, 1980 – May 1, 1981

Robert E. Olney May 1, 1981 – May 1, 1982

Mary Lou Howard May 1, 1982 – May 1, 1983

Larry L. Stamper May 1, 1983 – May 1, 1984

E. Daniel Remy May 1, 1984 – May 1, 1985

Mary Lou Howard May 1, 1985 – May 1, 1986

Mary E. Kelsey May 1, 1986 – May 1, 1987

Michael R. Hastings May 1, 1987 – May 2, 1988

Al F. Dossin May 2, 1988 – May 1, 1989

Robert R. Bowne May 1, 1989 – May 1, 1990

Thomas E. Flavin May 1, 1990 – May 1, 1991

Michael R. Hastings May 1, 1991 – May 1, 1992

Robert R. Bowne May 1, 1992 – May 1, 1993

George Battey, Jr. May 1, 1993 – May 1, 1994

Bill Wiggins May 1, 1994 – May 1, 1995

Dave Golonski May 1, 1995 – May 1, 1996

Bill Wiggins May 1, 1996 – May 1, 1997

Bob Kramer May 1, 1997 – May 1, 1998

Dave Golonski May 1, 1998 – May 1, 1999

Stacey Murphy May 1, 1999 – May 1, 2000

Bill Wiggins May 1, 2000 – May 1, 2001

Bob Kramer May 1, 2001 – February 25, 2002

David Laurell March 4, 2002 – May 1, 2002

David Laurell May 1, 2002 – May 1, 2003

Stacey Murphy May 1, 2003 – May 3, 2004

Marsha Ramos May 3, 2004 – May 2, 2005

Jef VanderBorght May 2, 2005 – May 1, 2006

Todd Campbell May 1, 2006 – May 1, 2007

Marsha Ramos May 1, 2007 – May 1, 2008

Dave Golonski May 1, 2008 – May 1, 2009

Gary Bric May 1, 2009 – May 3, 2010

Anja Reinke May 3, 2010 – May 2, 2011

Jess Talamantes May 2, 2011 – May 1, 2012

Dave Golonski May 1, 2012 – May 1, 2013

Emily Gabel-Luddy May 1, 2013 – May 1, 2014

David Gordon May 1, 2014 – May 1, 2015

Bob Frutos May 1, 2015 – May 1, 2016

Jess Talamantes May 1, 2016 – May 1, 2017

Will Rogers[140] May 1, 2017 – May 1, 2018

County representation[edit] The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County Department of Health Services operates the Glendale Health Center in Glendale, serving Burbank.[141] State and federal representation[edit] In the state legislature, Burbank is in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Anthony Portantino, and in the 43rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Laura Friedman.[142] In the United States House of Representatives, Burbank is split between California's 28th and 30th congressional districts,[143] which are represented by Democrat Adam Schiff
Adam Schiff
and Democrat Brad Sherman, respectively.[144] Education[edit]

Providencia School

Burbank is within the Burbank Unified School District. The district was formed on June 3, 1879, following a petition filed by residents S.W. White and nine other citizens.[16] First named the Providencia School District, Burbank's district started with one school house built for $400 on a site donated by Dr. Burbank, the area's single largest landholder. The first schoolhouse, a single redwood-sided building serving nine families, is on what is now Burbank Boulevard near Mariposa Street. In 1887, a new school house was constructed at San Fernando Blvd. and Magnolia Boulevard, which was in Burbank's center of commerce. In 1908, citizens passed a bond measure to raise money to build a high school. At the time, Burbank-area high school students were attending schools in Glendale. When it opened on September 14, 1908, the original Burbank High School had 42 students and two instructors.[16] Burbank is home to several California
Distinguished Schools including the confusingly named Luther Burbank
Luther Burbank
Middle School (see history above). Both its public and private K-12 schools routinely score above state and national average test scores. According to U.S. News Best High Schools rankings, the district contains three schools that received gold, silver or bronze medals in the publication's latest rankings.[145] The largest university in Burbank is Woodbury University. Woodbury has a number of undergraduate and graduate programs, including business, architecture, and a variety of design programs. A number of smaller colleges are also located in Burbank, including several make up and beauty trade schools serving the entertainment industry. The nearest community college to Burbank is Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Valley College, which is west of the city. During the early 1920s, Burbank was a contender to become the location for the southern branch of the University of California. Planners were considering locating the university in the Ben Mar Hills area near Amherst Drive and San Fernando Blvd. The seaside community of Rancho Palos Verdes was also considered for the campus. Both sites were eventually bypassed when the Janss Investment Company
Janss Investment Company
donated property now known as Westwood to build the University of California, Los Angeles.[27] PUC Schools has its administrative offices in Burbank.[146] The Concordia Schools Concordia Burbank, a K-6 private school, is in the city.[147] In April 2012, Lycee International de Los Angeles, a bilingual French American college preparatory school, submitted an application with the city of Burbank to operate a private school for grades 6–12 on the site of the former General Motors Training Center on Riverside Drive. The school opened in August 2013.[148] Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] The Hollywood
Burbank Airport, until late 2017 known as Bob Hope Airport, serves over 4 million travelers per year with six major carriers and over 70 flights daily. The airport, located in the northwestern corner of the city, is the source of most street traffic in the city. Noise from the airport has been a source of concern for nearly decades. There was even a report in 2018 that a new satellite air-traffic control system may be responsible for some of the noise by putting jets on a path that includes certain neighborhoods.[149] A bill introduced in May 2013 by two California
congressmen would put into law an overnight curfew on flights from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Aviation Administration
had rejected the airports' applications for a curfew.[150] In December 2008, a slowdown in passenger traffic led the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Authority to curtail spending plans, including deferring multimillion-dollar construction projects. The weak economy continued to affect the airport in 2010, with figures showing a 6% decline in passengers for the fiscal year ending June 30. The slowdown is one reason the airport authority scrapped plans to spend $4 million to erect barriers at the west end of the runway.[151] In 2000, a Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines
Boeing 737
Boeing 737
flight with 142 persons aboard overshot the runway and went through the east fence, coming to a stop on Hollywood
Way near a Chevron gas station.[152]

SR 134 Ventura Freeway
Ventura Freeway
at Pass Avenue in Burbank

The construction of major freeways through and around the city of Burbank starting in the 1950s both divided the city from itself and linked it to the rapidly growing Los Angeles
Los Angeles
region. Burbank is easily accessible by and can easily access the Southern California
freeways via the Golden State Freeway
Golden State Freeway
(I-5), which bisects the city from northwest to southeast, and the Ventura Freeway
Ventura Freeway
which connects Burbank to the U.S. Route 101 on the south and the nearby Foothill Freeway to the east. The Ventura Freeway
Ventura Freeway
was completed in 1960. In May 2012, the state Transportation Commission approved $224.1 million in funding for the improvements to the Golden State Freeway (I-5) in the Burbank area along with safety improvements to the railroad tracks at Buena Vista Street.[153] The allocation will fund most of the effort to build a new interchange at Empire Avenue, giving greater access to the nearby Empire Center shopping center as it prepares to get a Walmart
store. Construction is expected to start in early 2013 and be completed in early 2016 with an estimated cost of $452 million.[154] The state-backed project will include elevating the railroad crossing at Buena Vista Street to prevent people from getting in harm's way when a train is coming. The crossing has been the site of at least two fatalities in recent years.[155]

Downtown Burbank train station

Burbank contains about 227.5 miles (366.1 km) of streets, nearly 50 miles (80 km) of paved alleys, 365.3 miles (587.9 km) of sidewalks, 181 signalized intersections and 10 intersections with flashing signals, according to city figures. Many of the current signals date back to the late 1960s, when voters passed a major capital improvement program for street beautification and street lighting. The funding also helped upgrade dated park and library facilities.[156] Metro operates public transport throughout Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, including Burbank. Commuters can use Metrolink and Amtrak
for service south into Downtown, west to Ventura and north to Palmdale and beyond. For getting around Burbank, there is the Burbank Bus. In 2006, Burbank opened its first hydrogen fueling station for automobiles.[157] The projected California
High-Speed Rail route will pass through the city and include a stop near Downtown Burbank. The train will connect the San Francisco
San Francisco
area to Los Angeles, traveling at speeds up to 220 mph (350 km/h) at some points.[158] Public safety[edit] Fire department[edit] At the time of cityhood, Burbank had a volunteer fire department. Fire protection depended upon the bucket brigade and finding a hydrant. It wasn't until 1913 that the city created its own fire department. By 1916, the city was installing an additional 40 new fire hydrants but still relying on volunteers for fire fighting. In 1927, the city switched from a volunteer fire department to a professional one. The Department consists of six strategically located fire stations, consisting of: 6 fire engines (type 1); 2 aerial ladder trucks (tractor-drawn) and 3 paramedic ambulances.

Glendale Fire Department responding to a call in Burbank

In the late 1970s, Burbank became part of the Verdugo Fire Communications Center under a joint agreement with Glendale and Pasadena.[159] All three cities were experiencing issues with fire dispatching at the time. Like a lot of cities, dispatching was done by law enforcement due to cost-effectiveness. A "tri-city" joint dispatching center was created to solve the issue and fill the void. Under the contract, Burbank provided a Hazardous Materials team, Glendale provided an Air-Light unit as well as the dispatch center, and Pasadena provided an Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Type Heavy team. Today, both Glendale and Pasadena offer USAR Type 1 Heavy teams. The three city fire departments are all dispatched from the Verdugo Fire Communications Center, located in Glendale. Each of the three cities shares the cost of operating and maintaining this dispatch facility. Today, Verdugo is a regional dispatch center, providing communications for all 13 fire departments in California's OES "Area C" mutual aid area and the 14th agency which is the Burbank Airport Fire Department. Hospitals[edit] In 1907, Burbank's first major hospital opened under the name "Burbank Community Hospital". The 16-bed facility served the community during a deadly smallpox epidemic in 1913 and helped it brace for possible air raids at the start of World War II. The two-story hospital was located at Olive Avenue and Fifth Street. By 1925, the hospital was expanded to 50 beds and in the mid-1980s operated with 103 beds and a staff of over 175 physicians. For years, it also was the only hospital in Burbank where women could receive abortions, tubal ligations and other procedures not offered at what is now Providence St. Joseph Medical Center. A physicians group acquired the hospital for $2 million in 1990 and renamed it Thompson Memorial Medical Center, in honor of the hospital's founder, Dr. Elmer H. Thompson. He was a general practitioner who made house calls by bicycle and horseback. In 2001, Burbank Community Hospital was razed to make way for a Belmont Village Senior Living community. Proceeds from that sale went to the Burbank Health Care Foundation, which assists community organizations that cater to health-related needs.

Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center
Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center
in Burbank.

In 1943, the Sisters of Providence Health System, a Catholic non-profit group, founded Providence St. Joseph Medical Center. Construction of the hospital proved difficult due to World War II restrictions on construction materials, and in particular the lack of structural steel. But the challenges were met and the one-story hospital was erected to deal with wartime restrictions. During the baby boom of the 1950s, the hospital expanded from the original 100 beds to 212. By 2012, the hospital featured 431 licensed beds and ranked as the second-largest hospital serving the San Fernando and Santa Clarita Valleys. The hospital employs about 2,500 employees and 600-plus physicians. In the mid-1990s, Seattle-based Sisters of Providence Health System, which owns St. Joseph in Burbank, renamed the hospital Providence St. Joseph Medical Center. The medical center has several centers on campus with specialized disciplines. Cancer, cardiology, mammogram, hospice and children's services are some of the specialty centers. The newest addition to the medical center's offerings is the Roy and Patricia Disney Family Cancer Center, which opened in February 2010. The cancer center features four stories of the latest in high-tech equipment to treat cancer patients and provide wellness services. The center, estimated to cost in excess of $36 million, was built with money from the family of Roy E. Disney, the nephew of Walt Disney. Roy E. Disney died in December 2009 of stomach cancer.[160] Notable people[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Ryan Lavarnway

Blake Lively

John Ritter

Sterling Beaumon
Sterling Beaumon
(b. 1995), actor, musician Tyler Blackburn
Tyler Blackburn
(b. 1986), actor, singer Kelly Blatz (b. 1987), actor, model Scott Borchetta (b. 1962), president/CEO of Big Machine Records Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(b. 1958), film director, producer Paul Cameron (b. 1932), football player Glenn Davis (1924–2005), football player, Heisman Trophy winner[161] Weston "Westballz" Dennis, (b, 1991) professional Super Smash Bros. Melee player Debbe Dunning
Debbe Dunning
(b. 1966), actress Edmund Kemper
Edmund Kemper
(b. 1948), serial killer, rapist Masiela Lusha
Masiela Lusha
(b. 1985), actress, writer, humanitarian Andrew Gold
Andrew Gold
(1951–2011), singer-songwriter, born in Burbank Namrata Singh Gujral, actress, producer Mark Harmon
Mark Harmon
(b. 1951), actor[162] Jason Hirsh (b. 1982), professional baseball player[163] Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(b. 1954), actor, director William M. Kramer
William M. Kramer
(1920-2004), rabbi Ryan Lavarnway
Ryan Lavarnway
(b. 1987), major league baseball catcher[164] Blake Lively
Blake Lively
(b. 1987), actress Chris Marquette
Chris Marquette
(b. 1984), actor Cady McClain
Cady McClain
(b. 1969), actress Hayley McFarland
Hayley McFarland
(b. 1991), actress Erin Moran
Erin Moran
(1960-2017), actress Sandy Neilson
Sandy Neilson
(b. 1956), Olympic swimming gold medalist Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(b. 1960), actor Greg Plitt
Greg Plitt
(1977–2015), fitness model, actor.[165] Eve Plumb
Eve Plumb
(b. 1958), actress Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(b. 1949), blues singer-songwriter, musician and activist Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1932-2016), actress, singer Randy Rhoads
Randy Rhoads
(1956–1982), musician, guitarist Jason Ritter
Jason Ritter
(b. 1980), actor, raised in Burbank, son of John Ritter[166] John Ritter
John Ritter
(1948–2003), actor, TV personality, born and raised in Burbank, son of Tex Ritter, father of Jason Ritter Tex Ritter
Tex Ritter
(1905–1974), actor, country singer, father of John Ritter Todd Sand
Todd Sand
(b. 1963), figure skater, 3-time national champion, born in Burbank Adam Schiff
Adam Schiff
(b. 1960), U.S. congressman Kendall Schmidt
Kendall Schmidt
(b. 1990), actor, singer, formed band Heffron Drive – part of Big Time Rush (band). Ryan Shore
Ryan Shore
(b. 1974), film composer[167] Daniel Steres (b. 1990), professional soccer player Frank Sullivan (1930–2016), Major League baseball pitcher, active 1953–63 Vic Tayback
Vic Tayback
(1930–1990), actor Wil Wheaton
Wil Wheaton
(b. 1972), actor Mara Wilson
Mara Wilson
(b. 1987), playwright, author, actress Anton Yelchin
Anton Yelchin
(1989–2016), actor[168] Rob Zabrecky
Rob Zabrecky
(b. 1968) actor, magician, musician

Sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United States Burbank is currently twinned with:

Gaborone, Botswana[169] Hadrut, NKR[170] Incheon, South Korea[169] Ōta, Japan[169] Paterna, Spain[169] Solna, Sweden[169][171]


^ " California
Cities by Incorporation Date". California
Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ a b c d e "City Council". Burbank, CA. Retrieved May 3, 2015.  ^ a b "City Officials". Burbank, CA. Retrieved May 3, 2015.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.  ^ "Burbank". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 6, 2014.  ^ "Burbank (city) QuickFacts". United States
United States
Bureau. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved November 29, 2014.  ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Burbank city, California". U.S. Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 7, 2013.  ^ "Burbank, Ca. – Media Capital of the World". Travel America. April 20, 2007.  ^ McGinnis, Chris (January 5, 2018). "So long, Bob Hope. Hello Hollywood
Burbank Airport!". Retrieved January 7, 2018.  ^ a b "The American Period". A history of Burbank. Burbank Unified School District. 1967.  ^ "David Burbank (1821 - 1895) - Find A Grave Memorial".  ^ "Battle of La Providencia: Second Battle of Cahuenga Pass". The California
State Military Museum.  ^ Rasmussen, Cecilia (June 3, 2007). "What's in a name? Clues to a city's past". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ a b c d e f g Clark, Wes (1967). "Burbankia". American Period.  ^ "Dr. David Burbank, 1850". Oviatt Library Digital Collections.  ^ Roderick, Kevin (November 24, 2005). "Timeline of Valley history". The Valley Observed. Archived from the original on November 21, 2011.  ^ "Chapter 2 – The American Period". Retrieved 2018-01-15.  ^ https://www.laconservancy.org/sites/default/files/community_documents/City%20of%20Burbank%20Citywide%20Historic%20Context%20Report,%202009.pdf ^ a b "History of Burbank, California". City of Burbank.  ^ County, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(2009). "The County of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Annual Report, 2009–2010" (PDF).  ^ Bills, Emily (2004). "The Telephone Shapes Los Angeles, 1880–1950". PART (11).  ^ Ira Brown Cross (1927). Financing an Empire: History of Banking in California. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 160.  ^ Leader, Burbank (2003). "A person living in Burbank at the beginning of the 20th Century". Burbank Leader.  ^ "Aerial Trolley Car Co., Inc. L.W. and E.C. Fawkes, Palentees. Burbank, California
C.C. Pierce". Calisphere.  ^ a b c d e "The City of Burbank". A history of Burbank. Burbank Unified School District. 1967.  ^ Coscia, David (2011). Pacific Electric and the Growth of the San Fernando Valley. Bellflower, CA: Shade Tree Books. ISBN 1-57864-735-5.  ^ "Pacific Electric Glendale-Burbank Line". The Electric Railway Historical Association of Southern California.  ^ "The History of Burbank Water and Power". Burbank Water and Power. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011.  ^ Cadelago, Christopher (May 18, 2009). "Service fees may rise soon". Burbank Leader.  ^ "CONTENTdm Collection: Item Viewer". Digital-library.csun.edu. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "CONTENTdm Collection: Item Viewer". Digital-library.csun.edu. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "General Population By City: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, 1910–1950". Los Angeles Almanac.  ^ "Burbank Furniture Manufacturing Company, 1887". Oviatt Library Digital Collections.  ^ "Fiscally Responsible City Governance" (PDF). City of Burbank Strategic Plan 2001–2010.  ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 59, 93, 103–6, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 59, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4. ^ "CONTENTdm Collection: Item Viewer". Digital-library.csun.edu. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 86, 203, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 74, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4. ^ "World War II-Lockheed Burbank Aircraft Plant Camouflage". Amazing Posts. August 16, 2008.  ^ " California
Becomes a Giant Movie Set". Flat Rock. July 16, 2009.  ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 85, 203, 287, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 59–76, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4. ^ Hennigan, W. J. (June 20, 2013). "Rockets ♪ Mecanic bionic". The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved December 31, 2015.  ^ "Demographics". The Burbank Chamber of Commerce.  ^ "Profile of the City of Burbank" (PDF). p. 16.  ^ Cadelago, Christopher (August 7, 2009). "Airport's fares are 3rd-lowest". Burbank Leader.  ^ [1] Archived April 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Martín, Hugo (January 9, 2012). " American Airlines
American Airlines
to stop flying to Burbank". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Martín, Hugo (September 10, 2012). "Burbank among cities nationwide with lightest tax burden on travelers". Burbank Leader.  ^ Chen, Anna (June 27, 2014). " Bob Hope Airport
Bob Hope Airport
officially opens Regional Intermodal Transportation Center". thesource.metro.net.  ^ McNary, Sharon (June 27, 2014). "Burbank's Bob Hope Airport
Bob Hope Airport
opens new people mover to connect to rental car center in July". scpr.org.  ^ Gill, Victor (May 14, 2012). "Press Release: Airport Authority Awards Construction Contracts For Regional Intermodal Transportation Center". Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport
Authority. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013.  ^ Garland, Chad (September 8, 2015). "Monthly passenger count rises at Bob Hope Airport". Burbank Leader.  ^ Garland, Chad (November 11, 2014). "Where's Bob Hope Airport? Rebranding seen as possible way to boost use". Los Angeles Times.  ^ Forgione, Mary (February 13, 2017). "Bob Hope, thanks for the memories. A name change to Hollywood
Burbank Airport moves forward". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ " Hollywood
Burbank Airport unveils new name and logo on airport terminal tower" (PDF) (Press release). Hollywood
Burbank Airport. Retrieved 2018-01-07.  ^ Siegal, Daniel (September 20, 2013). " Bob Hope Airport
Bob Hope Airport
officials present plans for new terminal". Burbank Leader.  ^ Garland, Chad (September 8, 2015). "Voters approved a replacement terminal at Hollywood
Burbank Airport. Here's what's next". Los Angeles Times.  ^ a b City of Burbank Community Development Department (January 8, 1991). "The Burbank Media District Specific Plan". Retrieved April 16, 2014.  ^ "Burbank Media Center". Burbank.com.  ^ Bartholomew, Dana (October 7, 2009). " Universal Studios
Universal Studios
to get $3 billion NBC
makeover". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Daily News. Retrieved October 9, 2009.  ^ Strauss, Bob (January 21, 2010). "Conan and NBC
separation finalized". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Daily News. Retrieved January 31, 2010.  ^ Shain, Michael (April 4, 2013). "Comic reliever as Jay exits". nypost.com.  ^ Jacquelyn Ryan (January 4, 2012). "NBC's Big MetroStudios Project Killed, Smaller Facility Planned". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Business Journal. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
to shoot TBS talk show on Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
TV lot EW.com. Retrieved May 16, 2010. ^ a b "Top Movies Filmed in Burbank, California". TopTenReviews.com.  ^ Janssen, Mike (May 1, 2007). "The Mall Coming To A Theater Near You". Retail Traffic. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008.  ^ Lisa (August 8, 2011). "Finding the Famous: U Mart – Larry Crowne – Burbank, CA". Findingthefamous.blogspot.com. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ The 818 Now » Blog Archive » 'Glee,' 'CSI' others push local on-location filming[dead link] ^ Kellam, Mark (May 5, 2012). "Filmmaking and acting school opens in Burbank, California". Burbank Leader. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ Clark Carpio, Anthony (December 23, 2017). "Burbank official presents City Council with pros and cons of rent control". Burbank Leader. Retrieved January 7, 2018.  ^ Lawrence, Carol (March 28, 2007). "Burbank Toughens Smoking Ordinance". San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley
Business Journal. Retrieved January 15, 2018.  ^ Meier, Gretchen (October 2, 2010). "Smoking law gets tougher again". Burbank Leader. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ Lee, Wendy (July 15, 2005). "Burbank Official Arrested in Gang Probe". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Los Angeles, Calif. p. B.1.  ^ Keller, Michelle (January 10, 2006). "Council Revisits Drug Testing". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Garland, Chad (August 26, 2015). "JCrews make way for Walmart
at the Empire Center in Burbank". Burbank Leader. Retrieved September 9, 2015.  ^ Emma G. Gallegos (August 23, 2012). "Judge's Order Halts Construction On Burbank Walmart". LAist. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2012.  ^ "Traffic barriers divide Burbank neighbors". Burbank Leader. September 4, 2015. Retrieved September 8, 2015.  ^ Burbank Leader (September 4, 2015). "Traffic barriers divide Burbank neighbors". latimes.com.  ^ "Geology and Soils" (PDF). Land Use and Mobility Elements Update: City of Burbank Draft Program EIR. April 2006. Retrieved August 19, 2009.  ^ "Selected U.S. City and State Extremes – June 2007". National Climatic Data Center. August 20, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2009.  ^ "Average weather for Burbank". Weather.com. Retrieved March 29, 2008.  ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 8, 2015.  ^ "CA Burbank Glendale Pasadena AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 8, 2015.  ^ "Monthly Averages for Burbank, CA". Intellicast. Retrieved December 10, 2015.  ^ "My grandfather, Earl Loy White". theburbanktribune.wordpress.com. February 3, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2013.  ^ "The History of Magnolia Park" (Web). Magnolia Park Merchants Association Inc. Retrieved January 15, 2018.  ^ Dobuzinskis, Alex (November 25, 2004). "Porto's gets city loan for expansion". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Daily News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2018.  ^ Lecaro, Lina (March 26, 2015). "The Retro Charm Of Burbank's Magnolia Boulevard: A Shopping Guide". Laist.com. Retrieved January 18, 2018.  ^ " EV1
Vigil At GM Burbank Facility Enters Day Three". Motor Trend. February 18, 2005.  ^ Moore, Bill (February 27, 2005). " EV1
Vigilers Pledge to Pay GM $1.9 Million for 'Incarcerated' Electric Cars". EV World.  ^ "Rancho residents say 'oui' to French prep school". tribunedigital-burbankleader.  ^ " Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "Profile of the City of Burbank" (PDF).  ^ "Southern California
Association of Government's 2016 Demographic and Growth Forecast" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2018.  ^ "2010 Census
Interactive Population Search: CA – Burbank city". U.S. Census
Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts: Burbank (city), California". Archived from the original on August 16, 2012.  ^ " United States
United States
2000: Burbank Demographic Profile" (PDF). United States
United States
Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2009.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "Crime Information". Burbank Police Department. Retrieved 15 January 2018.  ^ "2017 Safest Cities in America". Niche.com. Retrieved 15 January 2018.  ^ "Burbank Page". Niche.com. Retrieved 15 January 2018.  ^ "Table 8 (California) – Crime in the United States
United States
2009". .fbi.gov. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "Burbank, California". America's Promise.  ^ "Finally, arrest records go up online – Other Bee News – The Sacramento Bee". Sacbee.com. December 5, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2012. [dead link] ^ [citation needed] ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2011. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Vincent, Roger (September 21, 2017). "Wall Street equity fund buys control of $1.7-billion Burbank Media District portfolio". Los Angeles Times.  ^ "Profile of the City of Burbank" (PDF). p. 21.  ^ "American Factfinder".  ^ "Profile of the City of Burbank" (PDF). p. 16.  ^ "City Manager's Budget Message". Burbank, CA. Retrieved 2017-01-07.  ^ "Adopted Annual Budget 2016-2017". Burbank, CA. Retrieved 2017-01-07.  ^ staff, Burbank Leader (January 2, 2018). "Looking ahead at stories affecting the Media City: Systemic city budget shortfall still looming". Burbank Leader.  ^ "Glendale, Pasadena see big drops in unemployment". Burbank Leader. May 18, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ Kisliuk, Bill (March 4, 2011). "Local jobless figures rise". Burbank Leader. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "Cities and Census
Designated Places by Individual County". Retrieved January 15, 2018.  ^ "Kaiser Permanente Moving Employees to Burbank Early 2009 – Video Dailymotion". Dailymotion.com. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ Stettler, Meghan (April 13, 2012). "KCET Announces Move to the Pointe in Burbank". KCET press release.  ^ City of Burbank (page 431) ^ Pierce, Todd James (May 28, 2008). "Looking back on the Disney-MGM Studio Backlot project – Part I". Jim Hill Media.  ^ Liu, Caitlin (March 8, 2003). "EPA Slashes Fine for Burbank Lockheed Plant". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Barrett, Beth; Condon, Lee; Jacobs, Chip (August 4, 1996). "Lockheed Resolves Toxic Claims". Daily News.  ^ Young, D.B. (January 18, 2000). "Huge 'Power Center Mall' Awaits Burbank's Blessing". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ McGreevy, Patrick; Gettleman, Jeffrey (July 15, 1999). "L.A. Officials Wooing a DreamWorks
Studio". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Boghossian, Naush (October 1, 2001). "New mall: think big Burbank giant to boost tax base". Daily News.  ^ Brinsley, John (March 25, 2002). "Nostalgic Burbank Empire Center has air of success". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Business Journal.  ^ Tchekmedyian, Alene (March 12, 2014). "urban approves construction of largest Ikea store in U.S." Burbank Leader.  ^ Grigoryants, Olga (January 5, 2018). "Former IKEA site in Burbank will get new look, new retail-residential strategy". Pasadena Star News.  ^ "City of Burbank Expands Landfill Gas Installation". Burbank Water & Power.  ^ "6 Southern California
Cities to Celebrate Dedication of Magnolia Power Project in Burbank on June 2" (PDF) (Press release). Magnolia power project. May 16, 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 28, 2011.  ^ "City Council can't begin meetings with sectarian prayer". Freedom Forum. Associated Press. September 10, 2002. Archived from the original on November 29, 2008.  ^ "City Manager Leaving Mike Flad Accepts South Gate Position" (PDF) (Press release). burbankca.gov. September 17, 2012.  ^ Alene Tchekmedyian (October 22, 2012). "Burbank names Ken Pulskamp interim city manager". Burbank Leader.  ^ Alene Tchekmedyian (June 18, 2013). "Burbank taps top executive of Fresno to be new city manager". Burbank Leader.  ^ Chad Garland (February 19, 2016). "Interim Burbank city manager looks forward to solving 'puzzle'". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ http://www.burbankca.gov/about-us/city-council/will-rogers-mayor ^ "Glendale Health Center." Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 19, 2014.  ^ "Communities of Interest – City". California
Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014.  ^ "California's 30th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.  ^ "[2]." US News.com. Retrieved on November 29, 2014. ^ "Contact PUC Schools." PUC Schools. Retrieved on November 27, 2011. " PUC Schools (Home Office) 1405 North San Fernando Blvd. Suite 303 Burbank, CA 91504" ^ "Home." Concordia Burbank. Retrieved on September 1, 2011. "1001 S. Glenoaks Blvd., Burbank, CA 91502" ^ "Burbank, CA : 1105 Riverside Dr. (Proposed School)". Burbankca.gov. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.  ^ Clark Carpio, Anthony (January 12, 2018). "Burbank seeks to write joint letter with airport authority regarding NextGen". Los Angeles Times.  ^ "Congressmen try again for nighttime curfews at Van Nuys, Burbank airports".  ^ Kisliuk, Bill (October 20, 2010). "Bright news for Bob Hope Airport". Burbank Leader. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ " Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines
flight 1455, Burbank, California, March 5, 2000" (PDF). Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ Kellam, Mark (May 29, 2012). " Interstate 5
Interstate 5
project through Burbank gets major piece of funding". Glendale News Press. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ "Magnolia Boulevard to Buena Vista Street". California
Department of Transportation, District 7. 2012.  ^ Hymon, Steve (September 15, 2008). "Metrolink's grim national record". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ "Burbank – A community profile and historical timeline" (PDF). Adopted budget FY 2008–09. City of Burbank. June 17, 2008.  ^ "U.S. Hydrogen Fueling Stations" (PDF). Fuel Cells 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 15, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2015.  ^ "Burbank, CA : California
High Speed Rail Project". Burbankca.gov. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.  ^ Rocha, Veronica (October 29, 2009). "Behind the 911 dispatchers – Verdugo center serves multiple cities. Workers are highly trained for all situations". Glendale News-Press. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015.  ^ Abram, Susan (January 27, 2010). "Disney Family Cancer Center set to open February 8". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Daily News. Retrieved January 31, 2010.  ^ "Glenn Davis Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com.  ^ "Mark Harmon: Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved April 14, 2008.  ^ " Jason Hirsh Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.  ^ Dilbeck, Steve (December 5, 2014). "Dodgers claim Boston catcher Ryan Lavarnway, designate Drew Butera". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  ^ Teper, Lonnie (July 16, 2009). "Greg Plitt". Ironman Magazine.  ^ "John Ritter". TVGuide.com.  ^ "Shore, Ryan". Alumni Directory. Berklee College of Music. Retrieved April 5, 2010.  ^ " Anton Yelchin
Anton Yelchin
Biography". Tribute. Retrieved May 25, 2009.  ^ a b c d e "Burbank's Sister Cities". Burbank Sister City Organization. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Artsakh's Hadrut and Burbank Become 'Friendship Cities'". Asbarez. November 14, 2014.  ^ "Networks, town twinning and partnerships" (PDF). City of Solna. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Burbank, California.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Burbank.

Official website Burbank Chamber of Commerce Burbank Community Book, 1944 A History of Burbank, 1968 Burbankia, History and Lore of Burbank

Places adjacent to Burbank, California

Sun Valley & Bob Hope Airport Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
& Sunland-Tujunga, Los Angeles Verdugo Mountains
Verdugo Mountains
& La Crescenta-Montrose & La Cañada

North Hollywood
& Toluca Lake, Los Angeles



Universal City Forest Lawn Memorial Park & Mount Sinai Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills & Ventura Freeway Griffith Park
Griffith Park
& Travel Town & Live Steamers & LA Zoo

v t e

San Fernando Valley

Major Cities

Los Angeles Glendale Burbank

Cities and towns 25k–100k


Cities and towns 10k–25k

San Fernando

Cities under 10k

Hidden Hills

Neighborhoods and unincorporated communities

Communities in the San Fernando Valley

San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley
(SFV) topics

Buildings in the SFV Films set in the SFV History of the SFV Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Historic-Cultural Monuments in the SFV Parks in the SFV People from the SFV Transportation in the SFV Universities and colleges in the SFV

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, California, United States

County seat: Los Angeles


Agoura Hills Alhambra Arcadia Artesia Avalon Azusa Baldwin Park Bell Bell Gardens Bellflower Beverly Hills Bradbury Burbank Calabasas Carson Cerritos Claremont Commerce Compton Covina Cudahy Culver City Diamond Bar Downey Duarte El Monte El Segundo Gardena Glendale Glendora Hawaiian Gardens Hawthorne Hermosa Beach Hidden Hills Huntington Park Industry Inglewood Irwindale La Cañada Flintridge La Habra Heights La Mirada La Puente La Verne Lakewood Lancaster Lawndale Lomita Long Beach Los Angeles Lynwood Malibu Manhattan Beach Maywood Monrovia Montebello Monterey Park Norwalk Palmdale Palos Verdes Estates Paramount Pasadena Pico Rivera Pomona Rancho Palos Verdes Redondo Beach Rolling Hills Rolling Hills Estates Rosemead San Dimas San Fernando San Gabriel San Marino Santa Clarita Santa Fe Springs Santa Monica Sierra Madre Signal Hill South El Monte South Gate South Pasadena Temple City Torrance Vernon Walnut West Covina West Hollywood Westlake Village Whittier


Acton Agua Dulce Alondra Park Altadena Avocado Heights Castaic Charter Oak Citrus Del Aire Desert View Highlands East Los Angeles East Pasadena East Rancho Dominguez East San Gabriel East Whittier Elizabeth Lake Florence-Graham Green Valley Hacienda Heights Hasley Canyon La Crescenta-Montrose Ladera Heights Lake Hughes Lake Los Angeles Lennox Leona Valley Littlerock Marina del Rey Mayflower Village North El Monte Quartz Hill Rose Hills Rowland Heights San Pasqual South Monrovia Island South San Gabriel South San Jose Hills South Whittier Stevenson Ranch Sun Village Topanga Val Verde Valinda View Park-Windsor Hills Vincent Walnut Park West Athens West Carson West Puente Valley West Rancho Dominguez West Whittier-Los Nietos Westmont Willowbrook

Unincorporated communities

Agoura Alla Alpine Alsace Altacanyada Andrade Corner Antelope Acres Antelope Center Athens Aurant Bassett Big Pines Boiling Point Castaic Junction City Terrace Cornell Del Sur Del Valle Firestone Park Florence Gorman Hillgrove Hi Vista Indian Springs Juniper Hills Kagel Canyon Kinneloa Mesa Largo Vista Llano Malibu Vista Monte Nido Neenach Ninetynine Oaks Pearblossom Rancho Dominguez Red Box Sand Canyon Sandberg Seminole Hot Springs Three Points Two Harbors Universal City Valyermo

Ghost towns

Achois Acuragna Ahapchingas Alpine Alyeupkigna Awigna Azucsagna Bairdstown Bartolo Cahuenga Chandler Chokishgna Chowigna Clayton Cow Springs Cucamonga Desert Relief Eldoradoville Evergreen Falling Springs Fort Tejon Gaspur Guirardo Hahamongna Harasgna Holland Summit Hollands Holton Honmoyausha Houtgna Hyperion Isanthcogna Juyubit King's Station Kowanga Las Tunas Lyons Station Machado Malibu Mar Vista Maugna Mentryville Motordrome Mud Spring Nacaugna Oberg Okowvinjha Palisades Del Rey Pasinogna Petroleopolis Pimocagna Pubugna Quapa Savannah Saway-yanga Sibagna Sisitcanogna Soledad Sulphur Springs Sonagna Suangna Takuyumam Toviseanga Toybipet Tuyunga Virgenes Wahoo Walton Place Widow Smith's Station Wilsona

v t e

Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles

Central city

Los Angeles


Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Ventura

Satellite cities

Long Beach Riverside San Bernardino

Cities >200k

Anaheim Fontana Glendale Huntington Beach Irvine Long Beach Moreno Valley Oxnard Riverside San Bernardino Santa Ana

Cities and towns 100k−200k

Burbank Corona Costa Mesa Downey East Los Angeles El Monte Fullerton Garden Grove Inglewood Lancaster Murrieta Norwalk Ontario Orange Palmdale Pasadena Pomona Rancho Cucamonga Rialto Santa Clarita Simi Valley Temecula Thousand Oaks Torrance Ventura Victorville West Covina

Area regions

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area Antelope Valley Central Los Angeles Coachella Valley Colorado Desert Conejo Valley Downtown Los Angeles East Los Angeles Gateway Cities Greater Hollywood Harbor Area Inland Empire Mojave Desert Northwest Los Angeles Palos Verdes Peninsula Pomona Valley San Bernardino Valley San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Valley Santa Ana Valley Santa Clarita Valley Simi Valley South Bay South Los Angeles Victor Valley Westside Los Angeles


Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin Baldwin Hills (range) Catalina Island Channel Islands Chino Hills Hollywood
Hills Oxnard Plain Palos Verdes Hills Puente Hills San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Mountains San Gabriel Valley San Jacinto Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Monica Mountains Santa Susana Mountains Sierra Pelona Mountains Simi Hills Verdugo Mountains

Bodies of water

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
River Aliso Creek Arroyo Calabasas Arroyo Seco Ballona Creek Bell Creek Big Bear Lake Coyote Creek Lake Arrowhead Lake Gregory Lake Perris Lake Piru Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Aqueduct Malibu Creek Mojave River Pacific Ocean Pyramid Lake Rio Hondo San Gabriel River San Juan Creek San Pedro Bay Santa Ana River Santa Clara River Santa Margarita River Santa Monica Bay Tujunga Wash

v t e

 State of California

Sacramento (capital)



Food Music Myth Sports

Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography

Climate Ecology Flora Fauna


Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court

Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics

Congressional delegations Elections

People Protected areas

State Parks State Historic Landmarks

Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles


Antelope Valley Big Sur California
Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area San Francisco
San Francisco
Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country

Metro regions

Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles
Los Angeles
metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco
San Francisco
metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana


Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba

Most populous cities

Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California

Eric Garcetti (Los Angeles) Kevin Faulconer (San Diego) Sam Liccardo (San Jose) Mark Farrell (San Francisco) Lee Brand (Fresno) Darrell Steinberg (Sacramento) Robert Garcia (Long Beach) Libby Schaaf (Oakland) Karen Goh (Bakersfield) Tom Tait (Anaheim) Miguel A. Pulido (Santa Ana) Rusty Bailey (Riverside) Anthony Silva (Stockton) Mary Salas (Chula Vista) Don Wagner (Irvine) Lily Mei (Fremont) R. Carey Davis (San Bernardino) Garrad Marsh (Modesto) Acquanetta Warren (Fontana) Tim Flynn (Oxnard) Jesse Molina (Moreno Valley)* Mike Posey (Huntington Beach)* Paula Devine (Glendale)* Marsha McLean (Santa Clarita)* Jim Wood (Oceanside) Steven R. Jones (Garden Grove) L. Dennis Michael (Rancho Cucamonga) John Sawyer (Santa Rosa)* Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Gary Davis (Elk Grove) Eugene Montanez (Corona)* R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Barbara Halliday (Hayward) Joe Gunter (Salinas) Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Jim Griffith (Sunnyvale) Sam Abed (Escondido) Patrick J. Furey (Torrance) Terry Tornek (Pasadena) Teresa Smith (Orange) Greg Sebourn (Fullerton)* Carol Garcia (Roseville) Steve Nelsen (Visalia) Al Adam (Thousand Oaks)* Edi E. Birsan (Concord)* Bob Huber (Simi Valley) Jamie L. Matthews (Santa Clara) Gloria Garcia (Victorville) Bob Sampayan (Vallejo) Jesse Arreguín (Berkeley) Andre Quintero (El Monte) Luis H. Marquez (Downey)* Matt Hall (Carlsbad) Stephen Mensinger (Costa Mesa)* Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jeff Comerchero (Temecula) James T. Butts Jr. (Inglewood) Wade Harper (Antioch) Harry Ramos (Murrieta) Cheryl Heitmann (Ventura)* Tom Butt (Richmond) Fredrick Sykes (West Covina)* Luigi Vernola (Norwalk)* Raymond A. Buenaventura (Daly City) Bob Frutos (Burbank)* Alice Patino (Santa Maria) Nathan Magsig (Clovis)* Bill Wells (El Cajon) Maureen Freschet (San Mateo)* Judy Ritter (Vista) Brad Hancock (Jurupa Valley)

^* Mayor selected