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Bulgarian National Radio
Bulgarian National Radio
(Bulgarian: Българско национално радио, Bŭlgarsko natsionalno radio; abbreviated to БНР, BNR) is Bulgaria's national radio broadcasting organization. It operates two national and seven regional channels, as well as an international service – Radio Bulgaria
Bulgaria
– which broadcasts in 11 languages.

Contents

1 Domestic channels

1.1 National 1.2 Regional

2 International 3 Transmission 4 History 5 Funding 6 External links 7 References

Domestic channels[edit] National[edit]

Horizont: BNR's most listened-to channel, with round-the-clock news, comment, and music (with the emphasis on modern popular music genres). Hristo Botev: covering science and the arts, documentaries and discussions on cultural and social questions, drama, classical music, jazz, and programming for children.

Regional[edit]

Radio Blagoevgrad [1] Radio Burgas [2] Radio Kırcali [3] Radio Plovdiv [4] Radio Shumen [5] Radio Sofiya [6] Radio Stara Zagora [7] Radio Varna [8] Radio Vidin [9]

International[edit] Radio Bulgaria
Bulgaria
broadcasts in Bulgarian and also in Albanian, Arabic, English, French, German, Greek, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, and Turkish. Transmission[edit] The domestic channels are broadcast on FM and AM frequencies. Radio Bulgaria
Bulgaria
broadcasts principally on shortwave plus one medium-wave frequency. All stations are also available online. On 26 May 2008 RPTS of Kostinbrod in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
started the country's first regular broadcasts in digital format, using Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM). This signal is also used as the audio channel accompanying BNT's testcard. History[edit] Listening to radio broadcasts from other countries having become popular in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
by the late 1920s, a group of engineers and intellectuals founded Rodno radio ("Native, or homeland, radio") on 30 March 1930 with the aim of providing Sofia
Sofia
with its own radio station. Broadcasting began in June the same year. On 25 January 1935, Boris III of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
signed a decree nationalizing Rodno radio and making all broadcasting in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
a state-organized activity. In early 1936, a new and more powerful medium-wave transmitter sited near Sofia
Sofia
was joined by additional transmitting stations at Stara Zagora and Varna, giving Bulgarian National Radio countrywide coverage, and on 21 May of that year Radio Sofia
Sofia
began broadcasting internationally. On 1 January 1993 BNR was admitted to full active membership of the European Broadcasting Union. Funding[edit] Public service broadcasting in Bulgaria, including BNR, is financed mainly through a state subsidy. The subsidy has to be spent on the preparation, creation and the transmission of the national and regional programmes. Its volume is determined annually on the basis of the average programme production costs per hour approved by the Council of Ministers, regardless of the programme type. External links[edit]

Official website Bulgarian National Radio
Bulgarian National Radio
at LyngSat Address Rundfunk und Rundfunkpolitik in Bulgarien (in German)

References[edit]

Todorov, Aleksandar B. (2010), The Broadcasting System in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
at the End of the Analogue Age: An Economic Perspective, Working Papers of the Institute for Broadcasting Economics at the University of Cologne, Germany, No. 261, http://www.rundfunk-institut.uni-koeln.de/sites/rundfunk/Arbeitspapiere/261_10.pdf.

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Radio in Bulgaria

Bulgarian National Radio
Bulgarian National Radio
Stations

Horizont (radio) Radio Bulgaria Darik Radio

bTV Radio Group

bTV Radio Classic FM (Bulgaria) N-JOY Z-Rock (Bulgaria) Jazz FM (Bulgaria) Melody Radio (Bulgaria)

Others

City Radio (Bulgaria) Radio Nova (Sofia) Radio Vitosha

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National media in the former Eastern Bloc

Overview

Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
information dissemination Broadcasting in the Soviet Union Mass media in Communist Czechoslovakia

Newspapers

Central newspapers of the Soviet Union Pravda
Pravda
(Russian SFSR) Zvyazda
Zvyazda
(Belarus) Rabotnichesko Delo (Bulgaria) Rudé právo
Rudé právo
(Czechoslovakia) Pravda
Pravda
(Slovakia) Laiko Vima
Laiko Vima
(Albania) Mladá fronta DNES
Mladá fronta DNES
(Czechoslovakia) Neues Deutschland
Neues Deutschland
(East Germany) Rahva Hääl
Rahva Hääl
(Estonia) Neuvosto-Karjala (Karelia) Sovetskaya Latviya
Sovetskaya Latviya
(Latvia) Czerwony Sztandar (Lithuania) Tiesa (Lithuania) Zëri i Popullit
Zëri i Popullit
(Albania) Népszabadság
Népszabadság
(Hungary) Esti Budapest
Esti Budapest
(Hungary) Trybuna Ludu
Trybuna Ludu
(Poland) Scînteia
Scînteia
(Romania) Komsomolskaya Pravda
Pravda
(Russian SFSR) Pionerskaya Pravda
Pravda
(Russian SFSR) Trud (Russian SFSR) Borba (Yugoslavia)

TV

ČST (Czechoslovakia) DFF (East Germany) DFF2 (East Germany) ETV (Estonian SSR) LTV1 (Latvian SSR) Lietuvos Televizija (Lithuanian SSR) Televizioni Shqiptar (Albania) Bulgarian National Television Efir 2
Efir 2
(Bulgaria) m1 (Hungary) m2 (Hungary) TVP1
TVP1
(Poland) TVP2
TVP2
(Poland) TVR1 (Romania) TVR2 (Romania) AzTV (Azerbaijani SSR) Soviet Central Television
Soviet Central Television
(Russian SFSR) Soviet TV Channel 1 (Russian SFSR) Moscow Channel (Russian SFSR) Leningrad Television (Russian SFSR) Belarus Television (Byelorussian SSR) Canalul 1 (Moldavian SSR) UT1 (Ukrainian SSR) First Channel (Georgian SSR) Armenia 1
Armenia 1
(Armenian SSR)

Radio

Rundfunk der DDR Berliner Rundfunk
Berliner Rundfunk
(East Germany) Deutschlandsender
Deutschlandsender
(East Germany) Radio DDR 1
Radio DDR 1
(East Germany) Radio DDR 2
Radio DDR 2
(East Germany) DT64 (East Germany) Radio Berlin International Eesti Raadio (Estonian SSR) Latvijas Radio
Latvijas Radio
1 (Latvian SSR) Lietuvos radijas (Lithuanian SSR) Radio Tirana (Albania) Radio Bulgaria Horizont (Bulgaria) Magyar Rádió (Hungary) Kossuth Rádió (Hungary) Radio Polonia Program 1 Polskiego Radia (Poland) Radio România Actualităţi (Romania) Radio România Cultural (Romania) Radio3Net (Romania) Radio Moscow
Radio Moscow
(Russian SFSR) Public Radio of the Armenian SSR Radio Belarus (Byelorussian SSR) Radio Georgia (Georgian SSR)

Misc

TASS (Russian SFSR wire service) RIA Novosti
RIA Novosti
(Russian SFSR press agency) Gosteleradio (Russian SFSR TV/Radio) Belarusian Telegraph Agency (Byelorussian SSR wire service) ELTA
ELTA
(Lithuanian SSR wire service) Soviet Information Bureau

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Members of the European Broadcasting Union

Active members

Current

ARD ARMR ARMTV BBC BHRT BNR BNT BTRC C1R Canal+ CLT/RTL COPE ČRo ČT CyBC DR E1 ENRS ENTV ERR ERSL ERT ERTT ERTU France 24 FTV GPB HRT İTV JRTV LNC LR LRT LTV M6 MCD MRT FI/MTV MTVA NPO NRK NTU ORF PBS PR Radio France RAI RDO RFI RMC ROR RTBF RTCG RTÉ RTP RTS RTSH RTVA RTVE RTVS RTVSLO RÚV SER SMTV SNRT SR SRG SSR SVT TDA TF1 TG4 TL TMC (French) TRM TV2 (DK) TV2 (NO) TV4 TVP TVR TRT UA:PBC UKIB UR VGTRK VR VRT Yle ZDF

Applicants

1FLTV 2M TV IPBC KRTC QR RTK

Former

IBA JRT LJBC MR MTV NERIT SRo STV TMC (Italian) UJRT

Associate members and approved participants

Associate

ABC (Australia) ABC (United States) All India Radio APM Bayrak Canal 13 (Chile) CBC/SRC CBS CCTV Fuji TV/JOCX-DTV ICRT IRIB JBA KA KBS La7 MBC Mediaset NBAB NBC NHK NPR ORTAS PARTSO RB RNZ RTHK RTM SABC SBS TBS/JORX-DTV TEME TFM/JOAU-FM TVC/FPA TVM (Mauritania) TVNZ WFMT WGBH WNYC-FM/NYPR

Approved

3sat Arte Abertis
Abertis
Telecom CAT Euronews J

.