Zoo was an 45-acre (18 ha) zoo in the Palermo
district of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The zoo contained 89 species of
mammals, 49 species of reptiles and 175 species of birds, with a total
of over 2,500 animals. The institution's goals are to conserve
species, produce research and to educate the public. In June 2016 the
city formed a bias about the zoo's cruelty. They had to close the
140-year-old zoo and relocate most of the animals to nature reserves,
including Temaikèn. The zoo property will be converted into an
2 Animals and exhibits
5 External links
The entrance of the zoo in the corner of
Avenida Sarmiento and Avenida
del Libertador, circa 1890s.
Domingo Sarmiento was responsible for the laying out of the
Parque Tres de Febrero
Parque Tres de Febrero in land previously owned by Juan Manuel de
Rosas. The project was begun in 1874; the park was opened on November
11, 1875, and included a small section dedicated for animals. This
area was owned by the Federal Government until 1888 when it was
transferred to the City of Buenos Aires. In that year, Mayor Antonio
Crespo created the
Buenos Aires Zoo, and separated it from the rest of
Its first director
Eduardo Ladislao Holmberg was appointed in 1888 and
stayed in that position for 15 years. He was the major designer of the
zoo. Holmberg completed the assignment of the different parks, lakes
and avenues, and began the exhibition of the 650 animals that the zoo
had at that time. In that period zoos around the world did not have
the same function as they do today; their main goal was recreational,
and they had less space for animals and a large recreational area for
Clemente Onelli was the director from 1904 to 1924 and promoted the
Zoo Gardens. Onelli added pony, elephant and camel rides to the zoo
and increased the number of visitors (from 1,500 to 15,000) during his
first year of office. He is also responsible for most of the
Romanesque buildings at the zoo.
Don Adolfo Holmberg, nephew of the first director, took over as
directory in 1924 and headed the zoo until 1944, after which a
succession of political appointees let the zoo deteriorate. In 1991
the zoo was privatized, and the program to get the animals out from
behind bars and into more naturalistic habitats began.
The zoo's last polar bear, Winner, died of fever in 2012.
In December 2014, a
Buenos Aires court ruled that a 29-year-old female
Sumatran orangutan named Sandra living at the zoo was a "non-human
person" who was entitled to some basic rights and could be liberated
from her enclosure.
Animals and exhibits
The "Palace of the Elephants", inspired by a Hindu temple
architecture, as seen in 1904.
The grassy areas of the park are full of native birds and rodents,
which came to the zoo for the food thrown to the animals by visitor.
Nutria, rabbits, and peacock roam the park's grounds freely. A variety
of monkeys and small mammals inhabited the zoo. Although some were in
cages, others are located on the islands in the zoo's many ponds, or
At the Farm of the
Zoo (La Granja Del Zoo), visitors used to pet and
feed ponies, donkeys, sheep, and goats. This part of the zoo was also
home to turkeys, chickens, roosters, pigs, rabbits, cows, and
At the Aquarium, visitors could see many penguins, as well as fresh
water fish including piranha and sea dwellers such as striped bream,
grouper, black sea bass, sea catfish, and many tropical fish. The
aquarium also had a seal and sea lion show.
The Reptile house was home to most of the zoo's reptiles.
The Tropical Rainforest did not house many animals. It was a two story
building displaying tropical plant life and contained an indoor
waterfall. A large iguana was kept on the grounds outside the exit
from this exhibit.
Big cats at the zoo included white tigers, pumas, cheetahs, jaguars,
and lions. The lions were housed in a castle complex with its own
moat. Four white tiger cubs, two males and two females, recently
born (January 14, 2013) from Cleo a Bengal white tiger, were on
display at the zoo for the public to visit until the zoo's closure.
Other animals at the zoo included red panda, camels, llamas, giraffes,
bison, hippos, and elephants. Camels were exhibited amidst
Moroccan-style architecture. The flamingoes were in a lake near the
Byzantine "ruins" and kangaroos were surrounded by
aboriginal paintings. The elephant house was built to look like the
ruins of an Indian temple.
Arc in the entrance on Las Heras Avenue
Hindu temple for the llamas and vicuñas (1903)
The Swan Lake
Entrance on the corner of Sarmiento and Del Libertador Avenues
Byzantine ruins brought from
Trieste by Eduardo Schiaffino
Palace of the Elephants
A couple at the zoo in 1911
Buenos Aires portal
Zoos and aquariums portal
^ a b c "
Buenos Aires Zoo". buenosairestravelplanet.com. Buenos Aires
Travel Planet. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 15
^ a b c d e "
Buenos Aires Zoo, Zoological Gardens".
Buenos Aires City Guide. Retrieved 15 May
Buenos Aires Zoo". wordtravels.com. World Travels. Retrieved 15 May
^ "List of members". alpza.com. ALPZA. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
^ "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". waza.org. WAZA. Retrieved 31
Buenos Aires zoo to close after 140 years: 'Captivity is
degrading'". The Guardian. June 23, 2016. Retrieved 3 September
^ a b c d "Historia del Zoológico de Buenos Aires".
argentinaxplora.com. argentinaXplora. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
(click "Informacion General")
^ "Captive orangutan has human right to freedom, Argentine court rules
Reuters". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
^ "Attracciones del Zoo". zoobuenosaires.com.ar.
Buenos Aires Zoo.
Archived from the original on 7 February 2010. Retrieved 15 May
2010. (click "Informacion General")
^ a b "A Trip to the
Buenos Aires Zoo". argentinastravel.co.
Argentina's Travel Guide. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
Buenos Aires Zoo". buenostours.com. Buenos Tours. Retrieved 15 May
^ a b "Zoological Gardens". frommers.com. Frommers. Retrieved 15 May
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