Bryggen (the dock), also known as Tyskebryggen
(Norwegian: [ˈtyskəˌbryɡːn̩], the German dock), is a series
of Hanseatic commercial buildings lining the eastern side of the
Vågen harbour in Bergen, Norway.
Bryggen has since 1979 been on the
UNESCO list for
World Cultural Heritage
World Cultural Heritage sites.
The city of
Bergen was founded around 1070 within the original
boundaries of Tyskebryggen. Around 1350 a
Kontor of the Hanseatic
League was established there, and Tyskebryggen became the centre of
the Hanseatic commercial activities in Norway. Today,
museums, shops, restaurants and pubs.
Bergen was established before 1070 AD. [Later] "in the Middle Ages,
Bryggen encompassed all buildings between the road Stretet
(Øvregaten) and the ocean from Holmen in the North, to Vågsbunnen in
the South". Within this area, the city was founded, according to
the Sagas, says encyclopedia Store Norske Leksikon.
One of the earliest pier constructions has been dated to around 1100,
says Store Norske Leksikon. The existing buildings are of a much
later date. "Only Schøtstuene and the buildings towards Julehuset
[part of Holmedalsgården], are originals from 1702", according to
guide Thomas De Ridder.
Around 1350 an office of the
Hanseatic League was established
there. As the town developed into an important trading centre,
the wharfs were improved. The buildings of
Bryggen were gradually
taken over by the Hanseatic merchants. The warehouses were filled with
goods, particularly stockfish from northern Norway, and cereal from
In 1702, the buildings belonging to the
Hanseatic League were damaged
by fire. They were rebuilt, and some of these were later
demolished, and some were destroyed by fire. In 1754, the
operations of the office at Bryggen, ended "when all the properties
were transferred to Norwegian citizens".
Bergen has experienced many fires, since,
traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case
for Bryggen, and as of today, around a quarter dates back to the time
after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative
buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger
structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to
the 15th century.
Bryggen were destroyed in a fire in 1955. A thirteen-year
archaeological excavation followed, revealing the day-to-day runic
inscriptions known as the
Bryggen inscriptions. The
was built in 1976 on part of the site cleared by the fire.
Panoramic view of Bryggen
Bryggen was listed as a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site in 1979, by
Bryggen bears the traces of social organization and
illustrates the use of space in a quarter of Hanseatic merchants that
dates back to the 14th century. It is a type of northern
“fondaco”, unequalled in the world, where the structures have
remained within the cityscape and perpetuate the memory of one of the
oldest large trading ports of Northern Europe.
Notable houses at
Bryggen include Bellgården (a 300-year-old
building), Svensgården, Enhjørningsgården, Bredsgården,
Bugården, Engelgården. The oldest and tallest building in the
area is St Mary's Church. Streets include Jacobsfjorden. Museums
Bryggens Museum and Hanseatic Museum and Schøtstuene.
^ a b
Bergen – historie
^ a b c d
Bryggen i Bergen
Bryggen er mer enn bergensere flest ser [-
Bryggen is more than
most Bergensers can see]
Bryggen at whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
^ a b Det tyske kontor [The German kontor]
^ Aslak Liestol, 'The Runes of Bergen: Voices from the Middle Ages',
Minnesota History, 40. 2 (1966), 49-58.
^ Setter sammen 300 år gammelt puslespill
Bryggen skal reise tilbake i tid
^ Velkommen som kremmer - Det kommer ingen ridder i skinnende rustning
for å redde Bryggen. Du må redde den selv. [Welcome as a shopkeeper
- No knight in shining armour will come to save Bryggen. You must save
Bergen harbour panorama
Bryggen by night
Short video of a walk through Bryggen
Members of the
Hanseatic League by Quarter
Chief cities shown in smallcaps.
Free Imperial Cities of the
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire shown in italics.
Frankfurt an der Oder
Dortmund were both capital of the Westphalian Quarter at
Antwerp gained importance once
Bruges became inaccessible due to the
silting of the
World Heritage Sites in Norway
Rock Art of Alta
Struve Geodetic Arc1
Vegaøyan – The Vega Archipelago
Røros Mining Town
Urnes Stave Church
West Norwegian Fjords –
Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord
Rjukan–Notodden Industrial Heritage Site
1 Shared with nine other countries
Neighbourhoods of Bergen, Norway