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BRUNO STRECKENBACH (7 February 1902 – 28 October 1977) was a high-ranking member in the SS of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
. He was the head of Administration and Personnel Department of the Reich Main Security Office . Streckenbach was responsible for many thousands of murders committed by Nazi mobile killing squads known as Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
.

CONTENTS

* 1 SS career

* 1.1 Allgemeine-SS * 1.2 Waffen-SS

* 2 Post-war * 3 Awards

* 4 References

* 4.1 Citations * 4.2 Bibliography

SS CAREER

ALLGEMEINE-SS

Streckenbach served in the last year of World War I
World War I
and was a member of the Freikorps
Freikorps
between the wars. He was appointed in 1933 to run the Hamburg
Hamburg
political police after it had been swallowed by the SS as Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich took over one state police force after another in their plan to control the national police of Nazi Germany. He was transferred to Poland after the German occupation of 1939; he oversaw the arrests of the professors at Cracow University and was one of the architects of the effective implementation of the Extraordinary Pacification Action . He was then posted to Berlin for administrative duties.

Streckenbach received a top secret order to proceed immediately to the police barracks at Pretzsch on the Elbe. He was met there by members of the SD , the Waffen-SS , the Gestapo
Gestapo
and the Orpo
Orpo
police. Streckenbach trained and indoctrinated them before the invasion of the Soviet Union. Veterans of German atrocity in Poland became members of one of four newly constituted Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
destined for Soviet Russia.

Streckenbach detailed the mission of the Einsatzgruppen: they were to seize and destroy all political and racial enemy groups, such as Bolsheviks , gypsies , partisans and Jews. In addition, the Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
were to report on and evaluate material seized during the campaign and to gather information from agents among the Soviet population. Streckenbach ordered that all enemies of the Third Reich were to be deported to concentration camps and executed. Jews were especially singled out for Sonderbehandlung ("special treatment"), meaning extermination. On 9 November 1941 he was promoted to SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Polizei.

WAFFEN-SS

Streckenbach then requested to join a combat unit, and in September 1942 he was transferred to the Waffen-SS . He was assigned to the 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer in March 1943. By April 1943 he was in command of the division's anti-tank battalion. Later in the autumn he replaced Hermann Fegelein as a divisional commander, and was promoted to SS- Oberführer on 30 January 1944.

On 13 April 1944 he was appointed commander of the 19th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Latvian) . Streckenbach held this post to the end of the war; he achieved the rank of SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS in November 1944. Streckenbach was awarded the Knight's Cross, and later the Oak Leaves.

POST-WAR

Streckenbach was taken prisoner by the Soviet forces and, in 1952, he was sentenced to serve twenty-five years in prison, but was released on 10 October 1955. During the Nuremberg trial , defendant Otto Ohlendorf stated that Streckenbach, in mid-June 1941, had transmitted the extermination order, at a meeting concerning the missions of the Einsatzgruppen.

The West German government brought Streckenbach to trial in 1973 but the case was dismissed due to defendant's ill health. He died on 28 October 1977 in Hamburg.

AWARDS

* Iron Cross
Iron Cross
(1939) 2nd Class (10 October 1940) -webkit-column-width: 25em; column-width: 25em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Blood 2006 , p. 324. * ^ Thomas 1998 , p. 360. * ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001 , p. 464. * ^ _A_ _B_ Scherzer 2007 , p. 730.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Blood, Phillip W. (2006). _Hitler\'s Bandit Hunters: The SS and the Nazi Occupation of Europe _. Potomac Books. ISBN 978-1597970211 . * Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). _Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II_ (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8 . * Scherzer, Veit (2007). _Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives_ (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2 . * Thomas, Franz (1998). _Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z_ (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9 .

MILITARY OFFICES

Preceded by SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
Hermann Fegelein COMMANDER OF 8TH SS CAVALRY DIVISION FLORIAN GEYER 13 September 1943 – 22 October 1943 Succeeded by SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
Hermann Fegelein

Preceded by SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
Hermann Fegelein COMMANDER OF 8TH SS CAVALRY DIVISION FLORIAN GEYER 1 January 1944 – 13 April 1944 Succeeded by SS-Brigadeführer Gustav Lombard
Gustav Lombard

Preceded by SS- Standartenführer Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock COMMANDER OF 19TH WAFFEN GRENADIER DIVISION OF THE SS (2ND LATVIAN) 13 April 1944 – 8 May 1945 Succeeded by none

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Poland

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Belgium Croatia Denmark Estonia France Latvia Lithuania Norway Russia Ukraine

* v * t * e

Camps, ghettos and operations

CAMPS

EXTERMINATION

* Auschwitz-Birkenau * Chełmno * Majdanek

* _ Operation Reinhard _ death camps

* Bełżec * Sobibór * Treblinka

CONCENTRATION

* Kraków-Płaszów * Potulice * Soldau * Stutthof * Szebnie * Trawniki * Warsaw

MASS SHOOTINGS

* AB Action * Erntefest * Jedwabne * Kielce cemetery * Aktion Krakau * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Lwów professors * Palmiry
Palmiry
* Sonderaktion Krakau
Sonderaktion Krakau
* Tannenberg * Tykocin * Bydgoszcz * Wąsosz * Bloody Sunday

GHETTOS

* List of 277 Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
(1939–1942)

* Będzin * Białystok * Brest * Częstochowa * Grodno * Kraków * Lwów * Łódź * Lubartów * Lublin * Międzyrzec Podlaski * Mizocz * Nowy Sącz * Pińsk * Radom * Słonim * Sosnowiec * Stanisławów * Wilno * Warsaw

OTHER ATROCITIES

* Action T4 * Grossaktion Warsaw * Human medical experimentation

* v * t * e

Perpetrators, participants, organizations, and collaborators

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

ORGANIZERS

* Josef Bühler * Eichmann * Eicke * Ludwig Fischer
Ludwig Fischer
* Hans Frank * Globocnik * Glücks * Greiser * Himmler * Hermann Höfle * Fritz Katzmann
Fritz Katzmann
* Wilhelm Koppe * Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger * Kutschera * Erwin Lambert * Ernst Lerch
Ernst Lerch
* Oswald Pohl
Oswald Pohl
* Reinefarth * Scherner * Seyss-Inquart * Sporrenberg * Streckenbach * Thomalla * Otto Wächter
Otto Wächter
* Wisliceny

CAMP COMMAND

* Aumeier * Baer * Boger * Braunsteiner * Eberl * Eupen * Kurt Franz
Kurt Franz
* Karl Frenzel
Karl Frenzel
* Karl Fritzsch * Göth * Grabner * Hartjenstein * Hering * Höss * Hössler * Josef Kramer
Josef Kramer
* Liebehenschel * Mandel * Matthes * Michel * Möckel * Mulka * Johann Niemann
Johann Niemann
* Oberhauser * Reichleitner * Heinrich Schwarz * Stangl * Gustav Wagner * Christian Wirth

GAS CHAMBER EXECUTIONERS

* Erich Bauer * Bolender * Hackenholt * Klehr * Hans Koch * Herbert Lange
Herbert Lange
* Theuer

PHYSICIANS

* von Bodmann * Clauberg * Gebhardt * Fritz Klein * Mengele * Horst Schumann * Trzebinski * Eduard Wirths

GHETTO COMMAND

* Auerswald * Biebow * Blösche * Bürkl * Konrad * Palfinger * von Sammern-Frankenegg * Stroop

_EINSATZGRUPPEN _

* Wolfgang Birkner * Blobel * Felix Landau * Schaper * Schöngarth * von Woyrsch

PERSONNEL

CAMP GUARDS

* Juana Bormann * Danz * Demjanjuk * Margot Dreschel * Kurt Gerstein * Grese * Höcker * Kaduk * Kollmer * Muhsfeldt * Orlowski * Volkenrath

BY CAMP

* Sobibór * Treblinka

ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* General Government
General Government
* Hotel Polski * WVHA * RKFDV * VoMi

COLLABORATORS

JEWISH

* Group 13 * Kapo * Żagiew

Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian

* Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft

OTHER NATIONALITIES

* Arajs Kommando * Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
* Ukrainian collaboration * Lithuanian Security Police * Trawniki * Ypatingasis būrys * Pieter Menten

* v * t * e

Resistance: Judenrat, victims, documentation and technical

ORGANIZATIONS

* AK * AOB * Bund * GL * PKB * ŻOB * ŻZA

UPRISINGS

* Ghetto uprisings * Białystok * Częstochowa * Sobibór * Treblinka * Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto
Uprising

LEADERS

* Mordechai Anielewicz
Mordechai Anielewicz
* Dawid Moryc Apfelbaum * Icchak Cukierman * Marek Edelman * Leon Feldhendler * Paweł Frenkiel * Henryk Iwański * Itzhak Katzenelson * Michał Klepfisz * Miles Lerman * Alexander Pechersky * Witold Pilecki * Frumka Płotnicka * Roza Robota * Szmul Zygielbojm
Szmul Zygielbojm

JUDENRAT

* Jewish Ghetto Police
Jewish Ghetto Police
* Adam Czerniaków * Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski

VICTIM LISTS

GHETTOS

* Kraków * Łódź * Lvov (Lwów) * Warsaw

CAMPS

* Auschwitz * Bełżec * Gross-Rosen * Izbica * Majdanek * Sobibór * Soldau * Stutthof * Trawniki * Treblinka

DOCUMENTATION

NAZI SOURCES

* Auschwitz Album * Frank Memorandum * Höcker Album * Höfle Telegram * Katzmann Report * Korherr Report * Nisko Plan * Posen speeches
Posen speeches
* Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland * Stroop Report
Stroop Report
* Wannsee Conference

WITNESS ACCOUNTS

* Graebe affidavit * Gerstein Report * Vrba–Wetzler report * Witold\'s Report * _Sonderkommando_ photographs

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005
Sonderaktion 1005

TECHNICAL AND LOGISTICS

* Identification in camps * Gas chamber * Gas van * Holocaust train
Holocaust train
* Human medical experimentation * Zyklon B
Zyklon B

* v * t * e

Aftermath, trials and commemoration

AFTERMATH

* Holocaust survivors * Polish population transfers (1944–1946) * Bricha * Kielce pogrom
Kielce pogrom
* Anti-Jewish violence, 1944–46 * Ministry of Public Security

TRIALS

WEST GERMAN TRIALS

* Frankfurt Auschwitz trials
Frankfurt Auschwitz trials
* Treblinka trials

POLISH, EAST GERMAN, AND SOVIET TRIALS

* Auschwitz trial
Auschwitz trial
(Poland) * Stutthof trials
Stutthof trials
* Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

MEMORIALS

* Museum of the History of Polish Jews * Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
* Majdanek State Museum * Sobibór Museum * International Youth Meeting Center in Oświęcim/Auschwitz * March of the Living

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Polish Righteous Among the Nations * Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust
Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust
* Garden of the Righteous

* v * t * e

_ Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
_ and _Einsatzkommandos _

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of _Einsatzgruppen_

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch
Otto Rasch
* Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of _Einsatzkommandos_, _Sonderkommandos_

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six
Franz Six
* Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler
Lothar Fendler
* Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann
Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs
Herberts Cukurs
* Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo
Orpo
* 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * _ Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz _ * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* _ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
_ (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs _Kommando_ * Lithuanian Security Police * _Rollkommando_ Hamann * TDA * _ Ypatingasis būrys _

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto
Minsk Ghetto
* Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * _ Intelligenzaktion _ * _AB-Aktion_ * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino * Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order * _Einsatzgruppen_ trial * _ Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
_ * Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (_Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen_)

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 10653602 * LCCN : nr96003399 * ISNI : 0000 0000 6675 0446 * GND : 119319829

PORTALS Access related topics

* _ BIOGRAPHY PORTAL _ * _ MILITARY OF GERMANY PORTAL _ * _ WORLD WAR I PORTAL _ * _ WORLD WAR II PORTAL _

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