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In Hinduism, a Brahmarshi ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
brahmarṣi, a tatpurusha compound of brahma and ṛṣi) is a member of the highest class of Rishis ("seers" or "sages"), especially those credited with the composition of the hymns collected in the Rigveda. A Brahmarshi is a sage who has understood the meaning of Brahman
Brahman
or has attained the highest divine knowledge Brahmajnana.

Contents

1 Order 2 The Period of the Vedas 3 See also 4 References

Order[edit] The superlative title of Brahmarishi is not attested in the Vedas themselves and first appears in the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
epics. According to this[citation needed] classification, a Brahmarishi is the ultimate expert of religion and spiritual knowledge known as 'Brahmajnana'. Below him are the Maharishis (Great Rishis). The Saptarishis created out of Brahma's thoughts are perfect brahmarishis. They are often cited to be at par with the Devas in power and piety in the Puranas. Bhrigu, Angiras, Atri, Vishwamitra, Kashyapa, Vasishta, and Shandilya are the seven brahmarishis.[citation needed] But there is another list of Saptarishi
Saptarishi
also who are also Gotra-pravartakas, i.e.,founders of Brahamanical clans, and this second list appeared somewhat later, but belongs to ancient period. All the hymns of third mandala of the Rig Veda is ascribed to Vishwamitra
Vishwamitra
who is mentioned as son of Gadhi, including the Gayatri mantra. According to Puranic stories,[citation needed] Vishwamitra
Vishwamitra
was the only brahmarishi who rose to the position out of pure tapas. Originally belonging to the kshatriya, he rose by pure merit to a Brahmarishi. Vishwamitra
Vishwamitra
is also referred to as Kaushika, because he attained Brahmajnana on the banks of the river Koshi. The Period of the Vedas[edit] Brahmarshi-desha, 'the county of the holy sages,' includes the territories of the Kurus, Matsyas, Panchalas and Surasenas (i.e. the eastern half of the State of Patiala and of the Delhi division of the Punjab, the Alwar State and adjacent territory in Rajputana, the region which lies between the Ganges and the Jumna, and the Muttra District in the United Provinces).[1] See also[edit]

Hindu texts Hindu mythology

v t e

Rishis

Saptarshi

1st (Svayambhuva) Manvantara

Marichi Atri Angiras Pulaha Kratu Pulastya Vasistha

2nd (Svarocisha) Manvantara

Urja Stambha Prana Dattoli Rishabha Nischara Arvarivat

3rd (Uttama) Manvantara

Kaukundihi Kurundi Dalaya Sankha Pravahita Mita Sammita

4th (Tapasa) Manvantara

Jyotirdhama Prithu Kavya Chaitra Agni Vanaka Pivara

5th (Raivata) Manvantara

Hirannyaroma Vedasri Urddhabahu Vedabahu Sudhaman Parjanya Mahamuni

6th (Cakshusha) Manvantara

Sumedhas Virajas Havishmat Uttama Madhu Abhinaman Sahishnnu

7th (Vaivasvata) Manvantara

Kashyapa Atri Vasistha Vishvamitra Gautama Jamadagni Bharadwaja

Other

Four Kumaras Agastya Agnivesa Aruni Ashtavakra Astika Atharvan Atreya Aupamanyava Aurava Avatsara Bhrigu Bhringi Brahmarshi Chyavana Dattatreya Dadhichi Devala Dirghatamas Durvasa Garga Gritsamada Jahnu Jaimini
Jaimini
(Mimansa) Kambhoja Kambu Swayambhuva Kanada (Vaisheshika) Kanvas Kanwa Kapila
Kapila
(Samkhya) Kindama Kutsa Mandavya Markandeya Nachiketa Narada Parashara Rajarshi Raikva Renukacharya Rishyasringa Sakayanya Sandipani Sankriti Satyakama Jabala Shukra Shuka Upamanyu Vaisampayana Valmiki Vartantu Vibhandak Rishi Vyasa
Vyasa
(Vedas, Vedanta) Yajnavalkya

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References[edit]

^ Rapson, E. J. (1914). Ancient India, from the earliest times to the first century, A.D.

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