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The Info List - Boston Red Sox


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The Boston
Boston
Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League
American League
(AL) East division. The Red Sox have won eight World Series
World Series
championships and have played in twelve. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park
Fenway Park
since 1912. The "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, around 1908, following the lead of previous teams that had been known as the " Boston
Boston
Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston
Boston
was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series
World Series
in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918. However, they then went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged beginning with the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees
New York Yankees
two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, and Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2013 World Series, they became the first team to win three World Series
World Series
trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004 and 2007. Red Sox history has also been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports.[2][3][4] The Boston
Boston
Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which also owns Liverpool F.C.
Liverpool F.C.
of the Premier League
Premier League
in England. The Red Sox are consistently one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park
Fenway Park
prevents them from leading in overall attendance.[5] From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games (794 regular season) for a major professional sports record.[6][7] Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline" has become an anthem for the Red Sox.[8]

Contents

1 Nickname 2 History

2.1 1901–1919: The Golden Era 2.2 Sale of Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
and Aftermath (1920–38) 2.3 1939–1960: The Ted Williams
Ted Williams
Era 2.4 1960s: Yaz and the Impossible Dream 2.5 1970s: The Red Hat Era

2.5.1 1975 2.5.2 1978 pennant race

2.6 1986 World Series
World Series
and Game Six 2.7 1988–1991: Morgan Magic 2.8 1992–2001: Mixed Results 2.9 2002–present: John Henry era

2.9.1 2002–03 2.9.2 "The Idiots": 2004 World Series
2004 World Series
Championship 2.9.3 2007: World Series
World Series
Championship 2.9.4 2008–2012: Injuries and Collapses 2.9.5 Boston
Boston
Strong: 2013 World Series
2013 World Series
Champions 2.9.6 Recent Years

3 Current roster 4 Uniform 5 Spring training

5.1 Truck Day 5.2 JetBlue Park

6 Rivalry with the Yankees 7 Radio and television 8 Retired numbers 9 Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Famers

9.1 Ford C. Frick Award
Ford C. Frick Award
recipients

10 Minor league affiliations 11 Other notable seasons and team records 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Nickname The name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor
John I. Taylor
after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning 1908. Sox had been previously adopted for the Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type would not fit on a page. The team name "Red Sox" had previously been used as early as 1888 by a 'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia.[9] The Spanish language
Spanish language
media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox".[citation needed] The Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players. Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first fully professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston
Boston
businessman Ivers Whitney Adams[10] to organize a new team in Boston, and he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along (Most nicknames were then only nicknames, neither club names nor registered trademarks, so the migration was informal). The Boston
Boston
Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League
National League
in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was commonly reserved for them once again, and the Boston
Boston
team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston officially adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912; the club eventually left Boston
Boston
for Milwaukee and is now playing in Atlanta, Georgia.

The Red Sox logo worn on uniforms in 1908, announcing the team's first official nickname

In 1901, the upstart American League
American League
established a competing club in Boston. (Originally, a team was supposed to be started in Buffalo, but league ownership at the last minute removed that city from their plans in favor of the expansion Boston
Boston
franchise.) For seven seasons, the AL team wore dark blue stockings and had no official nickname. They were simply "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons"; or the "Americans" or " Boston
Boston
Americans" as in "American Leaguers", Boston
Boston
being a two-team city. Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, and road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American." Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets" (for owner Charles Somers), "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites" (for manager Jimmy Collins)", and "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston
Boston
AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was barely used, if at all, during the team's early years.[11] The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam that was sung at the 1907 home opener ("Rory O'More" melody).[12] This nickname was commonly used during that season, perhaps because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor
John I. Taylor
had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League
National League
club in Boston, though seldom called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the National League club adopted an all-white uniform, and the American League
American League
team saw an opportunity. On December 18, 1907, Taylor announced that the club had officially adopted red as its new team color. The 1908 uniforms featured a large icon of a red stocking angling across the shirt front. For 1908, the National League
National League
club returned to wearing red trim, but the American League
American League
team finally had an official nickname, and would remain the "Red Sox" for good. The name is often shortened to "Bosox" or "BoSox", a combination of "Boston" and "Sox" (similar to the "ChiSox" in Chicago or the minor league "PawSox" of Pawtucket). Sportswriters sometimes refer to the Red Sox as the Crimson Hose[13] and the Olde Towne Team. Recently, media have begun to call them the "Sawx" casually, reflecting how the word is pronounced with a New England
New England
accent. However, most fans simply refer to the team as the "Sox" when the context is understood to mean Red Sox.[14] The formal name of the entity which owns the team is " Boston
Boston
Red Sox Baseball
Baseball
Club Limited Partnership".[15] The name shown on the door on Yawkey Way, " Boston
Boston
American League
American League
Baseball
Baseball
Company",[16] is historical, predating the formation of the limited partnership on May 26, 1978. The entrance also figures in Robert B. Parker's Spenser-and-baseball novel Mortal Stakes. History Main article: History of the Boston
Boston
Red Sox 1901–1919: The Golden Era

The 1901 Boston
Boston
Americans team photograph

In 1901, the minor Western League, led by Ban Johnson, declared its equality with the National League, then the only major league in baseball. Johnson changed the name of the league to the American League, leading teams in his league to be christened with the unofficial nickname "Americans". This was especially true in the case of the new Boston
Boston
franchise, which would not adopt an official nickname until 1908.

The Americans logo, 1901–07

The upstart league placed franchises in Baltimore, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland
and Buffalo. After looking at his new league, Ban Johnson
Ban Johnson
decided that he would need a team in Boston
Boston
to compete with the National League
National League
team there, and so cancelled the Buffalo club's franchise, offering one to a new club in Boston. The Boston
Boston
franchise was purchased in 1903 by Milwaukee publisher, George Brumder
George Brumder
who sold the team one year later.[17] Playing their home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds, the Boston
Boston
franchise finished second and third before capturing their first pennant in 1903 and repeating the next year. Those teams were led by manager and star third baseman Jimmy Collins, outfielders Chick Stahl, Buck Freeman, and Patsy Dougherty, and pitcher Cy Young, who in 1901 won the pitching Triple Crown with 33 wins (41.8% of the team's 79 games), 1.62 ERA and 158 strikeouts.[18] His 1901 to 1904 seasons rank among the best four-year runs ever. In 1903, Boston
Boston
participated in the first modern World Series, going up against the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Pirates were heavily favored as they had won the NL pennant by 6½ games. Aided by the modified chants of "Tessie" by the Royal Rooters
Royal Rooters
fan club and by its stronger pitching staff, the Americans managed to overcome the odds, and win the best-of-nine series five games to three.

Iconic photo of the Huntington Avenue Grounds
Huntington Avenue Grounds
before the first modern World Series
World Series
game

The 1904 club was almost as good as the previous team, but due to the surprise emergence of the New York Highlanders, the Boston
Boston
club found itself in a tight pennant race through the last games of the season. A predecessor to what would become a storied rivalry, this race featured such controversial moves as the trade of Patsy Dougherty
Patsy Dougherty
to the Highlanders for Bob Unglaub. The climax of the season occurred on the last, dramatic doubleheader at the Highlanders' home stadium, Hilltop Park. In order to win the pennant, the Highlanders needed to win both games. With Jack Chesbro, the Highlanders' 41-game winner, on the mound, and the score tied 2–2 with a man on third in the top of the ninth, a spitball got away from Chesbro and Lou Criger scored the go-ahead run on one of the most famous wild pitches in history.

The Huntington Avenue Grounds
Huntington Avenue Grounds
during a game. Note building from which the famous 1903 "bird's-eye" photo was taken.

Unfortunately, the NL champion New York Giants declined to play any postseason series, fearing it would give their New York rivals credibility (they had expected the Highlanders to win), but a sharp public reaction led the two leagues immediately to make the World Series a permanent championship, starting in 1905. These successful times soon ended, however, as Boston
Boston
lost 100 games in 1906. However, several new star players helped the newly renamed Red Sox improve almost immediately.

A season pass for the 1906 season.

By 1909, legendary center fielder Tris Speaker
Tris Speaker
had become a fixture in the Boston
Boston
outfield, and the team worked their way to third place. However, the Red Sox would not win the pennant again until their 105-win 1912 season, finishing with a club record .691 winning percentage. Anchored by an outfield considered to be among the finest in the game—Tris Speaker, Harry Hooper
Harry Hooper
and Duffy Lewis—and superstar pitcher Smoky Joe Wood, the Red Sox beat the New York Giants 4–3–1 in the classic 1912 World Series
1912 World Series
best known for Snodgrass's Muff. From 1913 to 1916 the Red Sox were owned by Joseph Lannin, who signed Babe Ruth, soon the best-known and one of the best players ever. Another 101 wins in 1915 propelled the Red Sox to the 1915 World Series, where they beat the Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
four games to one. Following the 1915 season, Tris Speaker
Tris Speaker
was traded to the Cleveland Indians. His departure was more than compensated for, however, by the emergence of star pitcher Babe Ruth. The Red Sox went on to win the 1916 World Series, this time defeating the Brooklyn Robins. In 1918, Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
led his team to another World Series
World Series
championship, this time over the Chicago Cubs. Sale of Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
and Aftermath (1920–38)

Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
in 1915.

Harry Frazee
Harry Frazee
bought the Red Sox from Joseph Lannin
Joseph Lannin
in 1916 for about $500,000. A couple of notable trades involving Harry Frazee
Harry Frazee
and the Yankees occurred before the Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
sale. On December 18, 1918, outstanding outfielder Duffy Lewis, pitcher Dutch Leonard (who had posted a modern record 0.96 ERA in 1914[19]), and pitcher Ernie Shore were traded to the Yankees for pitcher Ray Caldwell, Slim Love, Roxy Walters, Frank Gilhooley
Frank Gilhooley
and $15,000.[20] As all three players were well regarded in Boston—Lewis had been a key player on the 1910s championship teams, Shore had famously relieved Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
and retired 27 straight, and Leonard had only four years before setting a modern record for earned run average—this trade was regarded as a poor one in Boston. Then, on July 13, 1919, submarine-style pitching star Carl Mays was traded to the Yankees for Bob McGraw, Allan Russell and $40,000.[21] Mays would go on to have several good years for the Yankees, but had been a discipline problem for the Red Sox. On December 26, 1919,[22] Frazee sold Babe Ruth, who had played the previous six seasons for the Red Sox, to the rival New York Yankees (Ruth had just broken the single-season home run record, hitting 29 in 1919.[23]) Legend has it that Frazee did so in order to finance the Broadway play No, No, Nanette. That play did not actually open on Broadway until 1925, but as Leigh Montville discovered during research for his book, The Big Bam: The Life and Times of Babe Ruth,[24] No, No, Nanette had originated as a non-musical stage play called My Lady Friends, which opened on Broadway in December 1919. My Lady Friends had, indeed, been financed by the Ruth sale to the Yankees. During that period, the Red Sox, Yankees and Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
had a détente; they were called "Insurrectos" because their actions antagonized league president Ban Johnson. Although Frazee owned the Boston
Boston
Red Sox franchise, he did not own Fenway Park
Fenway Park
(it was owned by the Fenway Park
Fenway Park
Trust), making his ownership a precarious one; Johnson could move another team into the ballpark. His club was in debt, but Frazee felt the need to purchase its playing site (which he did in 1920). Further, providing the Yankees with a box office attraction would help that mediocre club, which had sided with him against Johnson and "the Loyal Five" clubs.[25] Finally, Ruth was considered a serious disciplinary problem, a reputation he amply confirmed while playing for the Yankees. Frazee moved Ruth to stabilize Red Sox finances and cut distractions. It was a straight sale, no players in return. New York achieved great success after acquiring Ruth and several other very good players. The sale of Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
came to be viewed as the beginning of the Yankees–Red Sox rivalry, considered the "Greatest Rivalry on Earth" by American sports journalists.[2]

The Boston
Boston
Red Sox logo (1931–1932)

After deciding to get out of baseball, Frazee began selling many of his star players. In the winter of 1920, Wally Schang, Waite Hoyt, Harry Harper
Harry Harper
and Mike McNally
Mike McNally
were traded to the Yankees for Del Pratt, Muddy Ruel, John Costello, Hank Thormahlen, Sammy Vick and cash.[26] The following winter, iron man shortstop Everett Scott, and pitchers Bullet Joe Bush
Bullet Joe Bush
and Sad Sam Jones
Sad Sam Jones
were traded to the Yankees for Roger Peckinpaugh
Roger Peckinpaugh
(who would be immediately shipped to the Washington Senators), Jack Quinn, Rip Collins, Bill Piercy and $50,000.[27] On July 23, 1922, Joe Dugan
Joe Dugan
and Elmer Smith were traded to the Yankees for Elmer Miller, Chick Fewster, Johnny Mitchell, and Lefty O'Doul, who was at the time a mediocre pitching prospect. Acquiring Dugan helped the Yankees edge the St. Louis Browns in a tight pennant race, and the resulting uproar helped create a June 15 trading deadline that went into effect the next year.[28] Perhaps an even more outrageous deal was the trade of Herb Pennock, occurring in early 1923. Pennock was traded by the Red Sox to the Yankees for Camp Skinner, Norm McMillan, George Murray and $50,000.[29] The loss of so much talent sent the Red Sox into free fall, even with the money Frazee earned from the trades. During the 1920s and early 1930s, they were fixtures in the second division, never finishing closer than 20 games out of first. The losses only mounted when Frazee sold the team to Bob Quinn in 1923. During an eight-year period from 1925 to 1932, the Red Sox averaged over 100 losses per season, bottoming out in 1932 with a record of 43-111, still the worst record in franchise history. One of the few bright spots on these teams was Earl Webb, who set the all-time mark for most doubles in a season in 1931 with 67. The BoSox' fortunes began to change in 1933 when Tom Yawkey bought the team. Yawkey acquired pitcher Wes Ferrell
Wes Ferrell
and one of the greatest pitchers of all-time, Lefty Grove, making his team competitive once again in the late thirties. He also acquired Joe Cronin, an outstanding shortstop and manager and slugging first baseman Jimmie Foxx
Jimmie Foxx
whose 50 home runs in 1938 would stand as a club record for 68 years. Foxx also drove in a club record 175 runs.[30] 1939–1960: The Ted Williams
Ted Williams
Era

Ted Williams

In 1939, the Red Sox purchased the contract of outfielder Ted Williams from the minor league San Diego Padres
San Diego Padres
of the Pacific Coast League, ushering in an era of the team sometimes called the "Ted Sox." Williams consistently hit for both high power and high average, and is generally considered one of the greatest hitters of all time. The right-field bullpens in Fenway were built in part for Williams' left-handed swing, and are sometimes called "Williamsburg." Before this addition, it was over 400 feet (120 m) to right field. He served two stints in the United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
as a pilot and saw active duty in both World War II and the Korean War, missing at least five full seasons of baseball. His book The Science of Hitting is widely read by students of baseball. He is currently the last player to hit over .400 for a full season, batting .406 in 1941.[31] Williams feuded with sports writers his whole career, calling them "The Knights of the Keyboard", and his relationship with the fans was often rocky as he was seen spitting towards the stands on more than one occasion. With Williams, the Red Sox reached the 1946 World Series, but lost to the St. Louis Cardinals
St. Louis Cardinals
in seven games in part because of the use of the "Williams Shift", a defensive tactic in which the shortstop would move to the right side of the infield to make it harder for the left-handed-hitting Williams to hit to that side of the field. Some have claimed that he was too proud to hit to the other side of the field, not wanting to let the Cardinals take away his game. His performance may have also been affected by a pitch he took in the elbow in an exhibition game a few days earlier. Either way, in his only World Series, Williams gathered just five singles in 25 at-bats for a .200 average. The Cardinals won the 1946 Series when Enos Slaughter
Enos Slaughter
scored the go-ahead run all the way from first base on a base hit to left field. The throw from Leon Culberson was cut off by shortstop Johnny Pesky, who relayed the ball to the plate just a hair too late. Some say Pesky hesitated or "held the ball" before he turned to throw the ball, but this has been disputed. Along with Williams and Pesky, the Red Sox featured several other star players during the 1940s, including second baseman Bobby Doerr
Bobby Doerr
and center fielder Dom DiMaggio
Dom DiMaggio
(the younger brother of Joe DiMaggio). The Red Sox narrowly lost the AL pennant in 1948 and 1949. In 1948, Boston
Boston
finished in a tie with Cleveland, and their loss to Cleveland in a one-game playoff ended hopes of an all- Boston
Boston
World Series. Curiously, manager Joseph McCarthy chose journeyman Denny Galehouse
Denny Galehouse
to start the playoff game when the young lefty phenom Mel Parnell
Mel Parnell
was available to pitch. In 1949, the Red Sox were one game ahead of the New York Yankees, with the only two games left for both teams being against each other, and they lost both of those games.

Logo used by the Boston
Boston
Red Sox in the 1950s

The 1950s were viewed as a time of tribulation for the Red Sox. After Williams returned from the Korean War
Korean War
in 1953, many of the best players from the late 1940s had retired or been traded. The stark contrast in the team led critics to call the Red Sox' daily lineup " Ted Williams
Ted Williams
and the Seven Dwarfs." Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson
was even worked out by the team at Fenway Park, however it appeared that owner Tom Yawkey did not want an African American
African American
player on his team at that time. Willie Mays
Willie Mays
also tried out for Boston
Boston
and was highly praised by team scouts. In 1955, Frank Malzone
Frank Malzone
debuted at third base and Ted Williams hit .388 at the age of 38 in 1957, but there was little else for Boston
Boston
fans to root for. Williams retired at the end of the 1960 season, famously hitting a home run in his final at-bat as memorialized in the John Updike
John Updike
story "Hub fans bid Kid adieu." The Red Sox finally became the last Major League team to field an African American player when they promoted infielder Pumpsie Green
Pumpsie Green
from their AAA farm team in 1959. 1960s: Yaz and the Impossible Dream Main article: The Impossible Dream (1967) The 1960s also started poorly for the Red Sox, though 1961 saw the debut of Carl "Yaz" Yastrzemski, Williams' replacement in left field, who developed into one of the better hitters of a pitching-rich decade. Red Sox fans know 1967 as the season of the "Impossible Dream." The slogan refers to the hit song from the popular musical play "Man of La Mancha". 1967 saw one of the great pennant races in baseball history with four teams in the AL pennant race until almost the last game. The BoSox had finished the 1966 season in ninth place, but they found new life with Yastrzemski as the team went to the 1967 World Series, only to lose the Series to the St. Louis Cardinals
St. Louis Cardinals
in seven games. Yastrzemski won the American League
American League
Triple Crown (the most recent player to accomplish such a feat until Miguel Cabrera did so in 2012), hitting .326 with 44 home runs and 121 RBIs. He finished one vote short of a unanimous MVP selection, as a Minnesota sportswriter placed Twins center fielder César Tovar first on his ballot.[32] But the Red Sox lost the series—again to the St. Louis Cardinals, in seven games. Legendary pitcher Bob Gibson
Bob Gibson
stymied the Red Sox winning three games.

The bullpen car used by the Red Sox

An 18-year-old Bostonian rookie named Tony Conigliaro
Tony Conigliaro
slugged 24 home runs in 1964. "Tony C" became the youngest player in Major League Baseball
Baseball
to hit his 100th home run, a record that stands today. He was struck just above the left cheek bone by a fastball thrown by Jack Hamilton of the California Angels on Friday, August 18, 1967 and sat out the entire next season with headaches and blurred vision. Although he did have a productive season in 1970, he was never the same. 1970s: The Red Hat Era Although the Red Sox were competitive for much of the late 1960s and early 1970s, they never finished higher than second place in their division. The closest they came to a divisional title was 1972, when they lost by a half-game to the Detroit Tigers. The start of the season was delayed by a players' strike, and the Red Sox had lost one more game to the strike than the Tigers had. Games lost to the strike were not made up. The Red Sox went to Detroit with a half-game lead for the final series of the season, but lost the first two of those three and were eliminated from the pennant race. 1975 The Red Sox won the AL pennant in 1975. The 1975 Red Sox were as colorful as they were talented, with Yastrzemski and rookie outfielders Jim Rice
Jim Rice
and Fred Lynn, veteran outfielder Dwight Evans, catcher Carlton Fisk, and pitchers Luis Tiant
Luis Tiant
and eccentric junkballer Bill "The Spaceman" Lee. Fred Lynn
Fred Lynn
won both the American League
American League
Rookie of the Year award and the Most Valuable Player award, a feat which had never previously been accomplished, and was not duplicated until Ichiro Suzuki
Ichiro Suzuki
did it in 2001.[33][34] In the 1975 American League Championship Series, the Red Sox swept the Oakland A's. In the 1975 World Series, they faced the heavily favored Cincinnati Reds, also known as The Big Red Machine. Luis Tiant
Luis Tiant
won games 1 and 4 of the World Series
World Series
but after five games, the Red Sox trailed the series 3 games to 2. Game 6
Game 6
at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
is considered among the greatest games in postseason history. Down 6–3 in the bottom of the eighth inning, Red Sox pinch hitter Bernie Carbo hit a three-run homer into the center field bleachers off Reds fireman Rawly Eastwick to tie the game. In the top of the eleventh inning, right fielder Dwight Evans made a spectacular catch of a Joe Morgan
Joe Morgan
line drive and doubled off Ken Griffey at first base to preserve the tie. In the bottom of the twelfth inning, Carlton Fisk
Carlton Fisk
hit a deep fly ball which sliced towards the left field foul pole above the Green Monster. As the ball sailed into the night, Fisk waved his arms frantically towards fair territory, seemingly pleading with the ball not to go foul. The ball complied, and bedlam ensued at Fenway as Fisk rounded the bases to win the game for the Red Sox 7–6. The Red Sox lost game 7, 4–3 even though they had an early 3–0 lead. Starting pitcher Bill Lee threw a slow looping curve which he called a "Leephus pitch" or "space ball" to Reds first baseman Tony Pérez who hit the ball over the Green Monster
Green Monster
and across the street. The Reds scored the winning run in the 9th inning. Carlton Fisk
Carlton Fisk
said famously about the 1975 World Series, "We won that thing 3 games to 4." 1978 pennant race In 1978, the Red Sox and the Yankees were involved in a tight pennant race. The Yankees were ​14 1⁄2 games behind the Red Sox in July, and on September 10, after completing a 4-game sweep of the Red Sox (known as "The Boston
Boston
Massacre"), the Yankees tied for the divisional lead. On September 16 the Yankees held a ​3 1⁄2 game lead over the Red Sox, but the Sox won 11 of their next 13 games and by the final day of the season, the Yankees' magic number to win the division was one—with a win over Cleveland or a Boston
Boston
loss to the Toronto Blue Jays clinching the division. However, New York lost 9–2 and Boston won 5–0, forcing a one-game playoff to be held at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
on Monday, October 2. The most remembered moment from the game was Bucky Dent's 7th inning three-run home run in off Mike Torrez just over the Green Monster, giving the Yankees their first lead.[35] The dejected Boston
Boston
manager, Don Zimmer, gave Mr. Dent a new middle name which lives on in Boston sports lore to this day, uttering three words as the ball sailed over the left-field wall: "Bucky F**king Dent!" Reggie Jackson
Reggie Jackson
provided a solo home run in the 8th that proved to be the difference in the Yankees' 5–4 win, which ended with Yastrzemski popping out to Graig Nettles in foul territory with Rick Burleson representing the tying run at third. Although Dent became a Red Sox demon, the Red Sox would get retribution in 1990 when the Yankees fired Dent as their manager during a series at Fenway Park.[36] 1986 World Series
World Series
and Game Six Carl Yastrzemski
Carl Yastrzemski
retired after the 1983 season, during which the Red Sox finished sixth in the seven-team AL East, posting their worst record since 1966. However, in 1986, it appeared that the team's fortunes were about to change. The offense had remained strong with Jim Rice, Dwight Evans, Don Baylor
Don Baylor
and Wade Boggs. Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
led the pitching staff, going 24–4 with a 2.48 ERA, and had a 20-strikeout game[37] to win both the American League
American League
Cy Young
Cy Young
and Most Valuable Player awards. Clemens became the first starting pitcher to win both awards since Vida Blue in 1971.[34] Despite spending a month and a half on the disabled list in the middle of the season, left-hander Bruce Hurst went 13-8, striking out 167 and pitching four shutout games. Boston
Boston
sportswriters that season compared Clemens and Hurst to Don Drysdale
Don Drysdale
and Sandy Koufax from the 1960s Los Angeles Dodgers. The Red Sox won the AL East for the first time in 11 seasons, and faced the California Angels in the ALCS. The teams split the first two games in Boston, but the Angels won the next two home games, taking a 3–1 lead in the series. With the Angels poised to win the series, the Red Sox trailed 5–2 heading into the ninth inning of Game 5. A two-run homer by Baylor cut the lead to one. With two outs and a runner on, and one strike away from elimination, Dave Henderson homered off Donnie Moore
Donnie Moore
to put Boston
Boston
up 6–5. Although the Angels tied the game in the bottom of the ninth, the Red Sox won in the 11th on a Henderson sacrifice fly off Moore. The Red Sox then found themselves with six- and seven-run wins at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
in Games 6 and 7 to win the American League
American League
title. The Red Sox faced a heavily favored New York Mets
New York Mets
team that had won 108 games in the regular season in the 1986 World Series. Boston
Boston
won the first two games in Shea Stadium
Shea Stadium
but lost the next two at Fenway, knotting the series at 2 games apiece. After Bruce Hurst recorded his second victory of the series in Game 5, the Red Sox returned to Shea Stadium looking to garner their first championship in 68 years. However, Game 6
Game 6
would go down as one of the most devastating losses in club history. After pitching seven strong innings, Clemens was lifted from the game with a 3–2 lead. Years later, Manager John McNamara said Clemens was suffering from a blister and asked to be taken out of the game, a claim Clemens denied.[38] The Mets then scored a run off reliever and former Met Calvin Schiraldi to tie the score 3–3. The game went to extra innings, where the Red Sox took a 5–3 lead in the top of the 10th on a solo home run by Henderson, a double by Boggs and an RBI single by second baseman Marty Barrett. After recording two outs in the bottom of the 10th, a graphic appeared on the NBC telecast hailing Barrett as the Player of the Game and Bruce Hurst as World Series
World Series
MVP. A message even appeared briefly on the Shea Stadium
Shea Stadium
scoreboard congratulating the Red Sox as world champions. After so many years of abject frustration, Red Sox fans around the world could taste victory. With the count at two balls and one strike, Mets catcher Gary Carter
Gary Carter
hit a single. It was followed by singles by Kevin Mitchell and Ray Knight. With Mookie Wilson
Mookie Wilson
batting, a wild pitch by Bob Stanley tied the game at 5. Wilson then hit a slow ground ball to first; the ball rolled through Bill Buckner's legs, allowing Knight to score the winning run from second.

Bill Buckner
Bill Buckner
after his infamous error during Game 6
Game 6
of the 1986 World Series

While Buckner was singled out as responsible for the loss, many observers—as well as both Wilson and Buckner—have noted that even if Buckner had fielded the ball cleanly, the speedy Wilson probably would still have been safe, leaving the game-winning run at third with two out. Many observers questioned why Buckner was in the game at that point considering he had bad knees and that Dave Stapleton had come in as a late-inning defensive replacement in prior series games. It appeared as though McNamara was trying to reward Buckner for his long and illustrious career by leaving him in the game. After falling behind 3–0, the Mets then won Game 7, concluding the devastating collapse and feeding the myth that the Red Sox were "cursed."[39] This World Series
World Series
loss had a strange twist: Red Sox General Manager Lou Gorman
Lou Gorman
was vice-president, player personnel, of the Mets from 1980 to 1983.[40] Working under Mets' GM Frank Cashen, with whom Gorman served with the Orioles, he helped lay the foundation for the Mets' championship.[40] 1988–1991: Morgan Magic The Red Sox returned to the postseason in 1988. With the club in fourth place midway through the 1988 season at the All-Star break, manager John McNamara was fired and replaced by Walpole, Massachusetts, resident and longtime minor-league manager Joe Morgan on July 15. Immediately the club won 12 games in a row, and 19 of 20 overall, to surge to the AL East title in what would be referred to as Morgan Magic. But the magic was short-lived, as the team was swept by the Oakland Athletics
Oakland Athletics
in the ALCS. Ironically, the MVP of that Series was former Red Sox pitcher and Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame player Dennis Eckersley, who saved all four wins for Oakland. Two years later, in 1990, the Red Sox would again win the division and face the Athletics in the ALCS. However, the outcome was the same, with the A's sweeping the ALCS in four straight. In 1990, Yankees fans started to chant "1918!" to taunt the Red Sox.[41] The demeaning chant would echo at Yankee Stadium each time the Red Sox were there.[42] Also, Fenway Park
Fenway Park
became the scene of Bucky Dent's worst moment as a manager, although it was where he had his greatest triumph.[36] In June, when the Red Sox swept the Yankees during a four-game series at Fenway Park, the Yankees fired Dent as their manager. Red Sox fans felt retribution to Dent being fired on their field, but the Yankees used him as a scapegoat.[36] However, Dan Shaughnessy of The Boston
Boston
Globe severely criticized Yankees Owner George Steinbrenner
George Steinbrenner
for firing Dent—his 18th managerial change in as many years since becoming owner—in Boston
Boston
and said he should "have waited until the Yankees got to Baltimore" to fire Dent.[43] He said that "if Dent had been fired in Seattle or Milwaukee, this would have been just another event in an endless line of George's jettisons. But it happened in Boston
Boston
and the nightly news had its hook."[43] "The firing was only special because ... it's the first time a Yankee manager—who was also a Red Sox demon—was purged on the ancient Indian burial grounds of the Back Bay."[43] 1992–2001: Mixed Results

The Red Sox hosting a home game against the Atlanta Braves
Atlanta Braves
in July 2001.

Tom Yawkey
Tom Yawkey
died in 1976, and his wife Jean R. Yawkey took control of the team until her death in 1992. Their initials are shown in two stripes on the left field wall in Morse code.[44] Upon Jean's death, control of the team passed to the Yawkey Trust, led by John Harrington. The trust sold the team in 2002, concluding 70 years of Yawkey ownership. In 1994, General Manager Lou Gorman
Lou Gorman
was replaced by Dan Duquette, a Massachusetts
Massachusetts
native who had worked for the Montreal Expos. Duquette revived the team's farm system, which during his tenure produced players such as Nomar Garciaparra, Carl Pavano
Carl Pavano
and David Eckstein.[45] Duquette also spent money on free agents, notably an 8-year, $160 million deal for Manny Ramírez
Manny Ramírez
after the 2000 season. The Red Sox won the newly realigned American League
American League
East in 1995, finishing seven games ahead of the Yankees. However, they were swept in three games in the ALDS by the Cleveland Indians. Their postseason losing streak reached 13 straight games, dating back to the 1986 World Series. Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
tied his major league record by fanning 20 Detroit Tigers on September 18, 1996 in what would prove to be one of his final appearances in a Red Sox uniform. After Clemens had turned 30 and then had four seasons, 1993–96, which were by his standards mediocre at best, Duquette said the pitcher was entering "the twilight of his career".[46] Clemens went on to pitch well for another ten years and win four more Cy Young
Cy Young
Awards. Out of contention in 1997, the team traded closer Heathcliff Slocumb to Seattle for catching prospect Jason Varitek
Jason Varitek
and right-handed pitcher Derek Lowe. Prior to the start of the 1998 season, the Red Sox dealt pitchers Tony Armas, Jr.
Tony Armas, Jr.
and Carl Pavano
Carl Pavano
to the Montreal Expos for pitcher Pedro Martínez. Martínez became the anchor of the team's pitching staff and turned in several outstanding seasons. In 1998, the team won the American League
American League
Wild Card, but again lost the American League Division Series to the Indians. In 1999, Duquette called Fenway Park
Fenway Park
"economically obsolete" and, along with Red Sox ownership, led a push for a new stadium. On the field, the 1999 Red Sox were finally able to overturn their fortunes against the Indians. Cleveland took a 2–0 series lead, but Boston
Boston
won the next three games behind strong pitching by Derek Lowe, Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
and his brother Ramón Martínez. Game 4's 23–7 win by the Red Sox was the highest-scoring playoff game in major league history. Game 5 began with the Indians taking a 5–2 lead after two innings, but Pedro Martínez, nursing a shoulder injury, came on in the fourth inning and pitched six innings without allowing a hit while the team's offense rallied for a 12–8 win behind two home runs and seven RBIs from outfielder Troy O'Leary. After the ALDS victory, the Red Sox lost the American League
American League
Championship Series to the Yankees, four games to one. The one bright spot was a lopsided win for the Red Sox in the much-hyped Martinez-Clemens game. 2002–present: John Henry era 2002–03 Main articles: 2002 Boston
Boston
Red Sox season and 2003 Boston
Boston
Red Sox season In 2002, the Red Sox were sold by Yawkey trustee and president Harrington to New England
New England
Sports Ventures, a consortium headed by principal owner John Henry. Tom Werner served as executive chairman, Larry Lucchino
Larry Lucchino
served as president and CEO, and serving as vice chairman was Les Otten. Dan Duquette
Dan Duquette
was fired as GM of the club on February 28, with former Angels GM Mike Port taking the helm for the 2002 season. A week later, manager Joe Kerrigan
Joe Kerrigan
was fired and was replaced by Grady Little. While nearly all offseason moves were made under Duquette, such as signing outfielder Johnny Damon
Johnny Damon
away from the Oakland Athletics, the new ownership made additions such as outfielder Cliff Floyd
Cliff Floyd
and relief pitcher Alan Embree. Nomar Garciaparra, Manny Ramírez, and Floyd all hit well, while Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
put up his usual outstanding numbers. Derek Lowe, newly converted into a starter, won 20 games—becoming the first player to save 20 games and win 20 games in back-to-back seasons. After failing to reach the playoffs, Port was replaced by Yale University graduate Theo Epstein. Epstein, raised in Brookline, Massachusetts, and just 28 at the time of his hiring, became the youngest general manager in MLB history.

The Red Sox celebrate their clinching of the 2003 AL Wild Card with a victory over the Baltimore Orioles.

The 2003 team was known as the "Cowboy Up" team, a nickname derived from first baseman Kevin Millar's challenge to his teammates to show more determination.[47] In the 2003 American League
American League
Division Series, the Red Sox rallied from a 0–2 series deficit against the Athletics to win the best-of-five series. Derek Lowe
Derek Lowe
returned to his former relief pitching role to save Game 5, a 4–3 victory. The team then faced the Yankees in the 2003 American League
American League
Championship Series. In Game 7, Boston
Boston
led 5–2 in the eighth inning, but Pedro Martínez allowed three runs to tie the game. The Red Sox could not score off Mariano Rivera
Mariano Rivera
over the last three innings and eventually lost the game 6–5 when Yankee third baseman Aaron Boone
Aaron Boone
hit a solo home run off of Tim Wakefield. Some placed the blame for the loss on manager Grady Little[48] for failing to remove starting pitcher Martínez in the 8th inning after some observers believe he began to show signs of tiring. Others credited Little with the team's successful season and dramatic come-from-behind victory in the ALDS.[citation needed] Nevertheless, Boston's management did not renew Little's contract, and hired former Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
manager Terry Francona. "The Idiots": 2004 World Series
2004 World Series
Championship Main articles: 2004 Boston
Boston
Red Sox season, 2004 American League Division Series, 2004 American League
American League
Championship Series, and 2004 World Series During the 2003–04 offseason, the Red Sox acquired another ace pitcher, Curt Schilling, and a closer, Keith Foulke. Due to some midseason struggles with injuries, management shook up the team at the July 31 trading deadline as part of a four-team trade. The Red Sox traded the team's popular, yet oft-injured, shortstop Nomar Garciaparra and outfielder Matt Murton
Matt Murton
to the Chicago Cubs, and received first baseman Doug Mientkiewicz
Doug Mientkiewicz
from the Minnesota Twins, and shortstop Orlando Cabrera
Orlando Cabrera
from the Montreal Expos. In a separate transaction, the Red Sox acquired center fielder Dave Roberts from the Los Angeles Dodgers. Following the trades, the club won 22 out of 25 games and qualified for the playoffs as the AL Wild Card. Players and fans affectionately referred to the players as "the Idiots", a term coined by Damon and Millar during the playoff push to describe the team's eclectic roster and devil-may-care attitude toward their supposed "curse." Boston
Boston
began the postseason by sweeping the AL West champion Anaheim Angels in the ALDS. In the third game of the series, David Ortiz
David Ortiz
hit a walk-off two-run homer in the 10th inning to win the game and the series to advance to a rematch of the previous year's ALCS in the ALCS against the Yankees. The ALCS started very poorly for the Red Sox, as they lost the first three games (including a crushing 19-8 home loss in game 3). In Game 4, the Red Sox found themselves facing elimination, trailing 4–3 in the ninth with Mariano Rivera
Mariano Rivera
in to close for the Yankees. After Rivera issued a walk to Millar, Roberts came on to pinch run and promptly stole second base. He then scored on an RBI single by Bill Mueller, sending the game into extra innings. The Red Sox went on to win the game on a two-run home run by Ortiz in the 12th inning, who also made the walk-off hit in the 14th inning of game 5. The comeback continued with a victory from an injured Schilling in game 6. Three sutures being used to stabilize the tendon in Schilling's right ankle bled throughout the game, famously making his sock appear bloody red. The Red Sox completed their historic comeback in game 7 with a 10–3 defeat of the Yankees. Ortiz, who had the game-winning RBIs in Games 4 and 5, was named ALCS Most Valuable Player. The Red Sox joined the 1942 Toronto Maple Leafs and 1975 New York Islanders as the only professional sports teams in history at the time to win a best-of-seven games series after being down three games to none. The 2009–10 Philadelphia Flyers (against the Boston
Boston
Bruins) and the 2013–14 Los Angeles Kings (against the San Jose Sharks) would also accomplish the feat. The Red Sox swept the St. Louis Cardinals
St. Louis Cardinals
in the 2004 World Series. The Red Sox never trailed throughout the series; Mark Bellhorn
Mark Bellhorn
hit a game-winning home run off Pesky's Pole
Pesky's Pole
in game 1, and Schilling pitched another bloodied-sock victory in game 2, followed by similarly masterful pitching performances by Martinez and Derek Lowe. It was the Red Sox' first championship in 86 years. Manny Ramírez
Manny Ramírez
was named World Series
World Series
MVP. To add a final, surreal touch to Boston's championship season, on the night of Game 4 a total lunar eclipse colored the moon red over Busch Stadium. The Red Sox earned many accolades from the sports media and throughout the nation for their incredible season, such as in December, when Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
named the Boston
Boston
Red Sox the 2004 Sportsmen of the Year. 2007: World Series
World Series
Championship Main article: 2007 Boston
Boston
Red Sox season

Pitchers (left–right) Josh Beckett, Jon Lester, Éric Gagné, pitching coach John Farrell and Curt Schilling, prior to a Red Sox game at Seattle in August 2007

2007 season final standing

The 2005 AL East would be decided on the last weekend of the season, with the Yankees coming to Fenway Park
Fenway Park
with a one-game lead in the standings. The Red Sox won two of the three games to finish the season with the same record as the Yankees, 95–67. However, a playoff was not needed, as the loser of such a playoff would still make the playoffs as a Wild Card team. As the Yankees had won the season series, they were awarded the division title, and the Red Sox competed in the playoffs as the Wild Card. Boston
Boston
failed to defend their championship, and was swept in three games by the eventual 2005 World Series champion Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
in the first round of the playoffs. In 2006 David Ortiz
David Ortiz
broke Jimmie Foxx's single season Red Sox home run record by hitting 54 homers. However, Boston
Boston
failed to make the playoffs after compiling a 9–21 record in the month of August due to several injuries in club's roster. Theo Epstein's first step toward restocking the team for 2007 was to pursue one of the most anticipated acquisitions in baseball history. On November 14, MLB announced that Boston
Boston
had won the bid for the rights to negotiate a contract with Japanese Nippon Professional Baseball
Baseball
superstar pitcher Daisuke Matsuzaka. Boston
Boston
placed a bid of $51.1 million to negotiate with Matsuzaka and completed a 6-year, $52 million contract after they were announced as the winning bid. The Red Sox moved into first place in the AL East by mid-April and never relinquished their division lead. Initially, rookie second baseman Dustin Pedroia
Dustin Pedroia
under-performed, hitting below .200 in April. Manager Terry Francona
Terry Francona
refused to bench him and his patience paid off as Pedroia eventually won the AL Rookie of the Year Award for his performance that season, which included 165 hits and a .317 batting average. On the mound, Josh Beckett
Josh Beckett
emerged as the ace of the staff with his first 20-win season, as fellow starting pitchers Schilling, Matsuzaka, Wakefield and Julián Tavárez
Julián Tavárez
all struggled at times. Relief pitcher
Relief pitcher
Hideki Okajima, another recent arrival from the NPB, posted an ERA of 0.88 through the first half and was selected for the All-Star Game. Okajima finished the season with a 2.22 ERA and 5 saves, emerging as one of baseball's top relievers. Minor league call-up Clay Buchholz
Clay Buchholz
provided a spark on September 1 by pitching a no-hitter in his second career start. The Red Sox captured their first AL East title since 1995.

Victorious Red Sox players being honored at the White House
White House
by President George W. Bush.

The Red Sox swept the Angels in the ALDS. Facing the Cleveland Indians in the ALCS, the Red Sox fell in games 2, 3, and 4 before Beckett picked up his second victory of the series in game 5, starting a comeback. The Red Sox captured their twelfth American League
American League
pennant by outscoring the Indians 30–5 over the final three games. The Red Sox faced the Colorado Rockies
Colorado Rockies
in the 2007 World Series, and swept the Rockies in four games. In Game 4, Wakefield gave up his spot in the rotation to a recovered Jon Lester, who gave the Red Sox an impressive start, pitching 5⅔ shutout innings. Key home runs late in the game by third baseman Mike Lowell
Mike Lowell
and pinch-hitter Bobby Kielty
Bobby Kielty
secured the Red Sox' second title in four years, as Lowell was named World Series MVP. 2008–2012: Injuries and Collapses The Red Sox began their season by participating in the third opening day game in MLB history to be played in Japan, where they defeated the Oakland A's in the Tokyo Dome. On May 19, Jon Lester
Jon Lester
threw the 18th no-hitter in team history, defeating the Kansas City Royals
Kansas City Royals
7–0. Down the stretch, outfielder Manny Ramirez
Manny Ramirez
became embroiled in controversy surrounding public incidents with fellow players and other team employees, as well as criticism of ownership and not playing, which some claimed was due to laziness and nonexistent injuries. The front office decided to move the disgrunted outfielder at the July 31 trade deadline, shipping him to the Dodgers in a three-way deal with the Pittsburgh Pirates
Pittsburgh Pirates
that landed them Jason Bay
Jason Bay
to replace him in left field.[49] With Ramirez gone, and Bay providing a new spark in the lineup, the Red Sox improved vastly and made the playoffs as the AL Wild Card. The Red Sox defeated the Angels in the 2008 ALDS three games to one. The Red Sox then took on their AL East rivals the Tampa Bay Rays in the ALCS. Down three games to one in the 5th game of the ALCS, Boston
Boston
mounted a comeback from trailing 7-0 in the 7th inning to win 8-7.[50][51] They tied the series at 3 games apiece with a game 6 victory before losing game 7, 3–1, thus becoming the eighth team in a row since 2000 to fail to repeat as world champions. The Red Sox returned to postseason play the following season, but were swept by the Los Angeles Angels
Los Angeles Angels
in three games. In 2011, the Red Sox collapsed in the month of September losing 11 of 14, reminiscent of 1978 and destroying their playoff aspirations. In December 2011, Bobby Valentine was hired as a new manager. The 2012 season marked the centennial of Fenway Park, and on April 20, past and present Red Sox players and coaches assembled to celebrate the park's anniversary. However, the collapse that they endured in September 2011 carried over into the season. The Red Sox struggled throughout the season due to injuries, inconsistent play, and off-field news. finished 69–93 for their first losing season since 1997, and their worst season since 1965.

The Massachusetts State House
Massachusetts State House
displaying a banner in honor of the Red Sox's 2013 World Series
2013 World Series
appearance

Boston
Boston
Strong: 2013 World Series
2013 World Series
Champions Main article: 2013 Boston
Boston
Red Sox season Boston, which finished last in the American League
American League
East with a 69–93 record in 2012–26 games behind the Yankees, became the 11th team in major league history to go from worst in the division to first the next season when it clinched the A.L. East division title on September 20, 2013.[52] Many credit the team's turnaround with the hiring of manager John Farrell, the former Red Sox pitching coach under Terry Francona from 2007 to 2010. As a former member of the staff, he had the respect of influential players such as Lester, Pedroia, and Ortiz.[53] But there were other moves made in the offseason by general manager Ben Cherington
Ben Cherington
who targeted "character" players to fill the team's needs. These acquisitions included veteran catcher David Ross, Jonny Gomes, Mike Napoli, and Shane Victorino. While some questioned these players as "re-treads", it was clear that Cherington was trying to move past 2011–2012 by bringing in "clubhouse players". Essential to the turnaround, however, was the pitching staff. With ace veteran John Lackey
John Lackey
coming off Tommy John surgery
Tommy John surgery
and both Jon Lester
Jon Lester
and Clay Buchholz returning to their prior form, this allowed the team to rely less on their bullpen. Everything seemed in danger of collapsing, however, when both closers, Joel Hanrahan
Joel Hanrahan
and Andrew Bailey, went down early with season-ending injuries. Farrell gave the closing job to Koji Uehara
Koji Uehara
on June 21 who delivered with a 1.09 ERA and an MLB record 0.565 WHIP.[54] On September 11, the 37-year-old right-hander set a new Red Sox record when he retired 33 straight batters.[55] Other reasons include the trade deadline acquisition of pitcher Jake Peavy when the Red Sox were in second place in the AL East, the depth of the bench with players such as Mike Carp
Mike Carp
and rookies Jackie Bradley, Jr. and Xander Bogaerts, and the re-emergence of players such as Will Middlebrooks and Daniel Nava.[56] On September 28, 2013, the team secured home field advantage throughout the American League
American League
playoffs when their closest competition, the Oakland Athletics, lost.[57] The next day, the team finished the season going 97–65, the best record in the American League
American League
and tied with the St. Louis Cardinals
St. Louis Cardinals
for the best record in baseball.[58] They proceeded to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in the 2013 World Series, four games to two.[59] The Red Sox became the first team since the 1991 Minnesota Twins
Minnesota Twins
to win the World Series a year after finishing in last place, and the second overall. The 2012 Red Sox' .426 winning percentage was the lowest for a team in a season prior to a World Series
World Series
championship.

Patch worn by the Boston
Boston
Red Sox in memory of Boston
Boston
Marathon bombing victims

Throughout the season, the Red Sox players and organization formed a close association with the city of Boston
Boston
and its people in relation to the Boston
Boston
Marathon bombings that occurred on April 15, 2013. On April 20, the day after the alleged bombers were captured, David Ortiz gave a pre-game speech following a ceremony honoring the victims and the local law enforcement, in which he stated, "This is our fucking city! And nobody is going to dictate our freedom! Stay strong!" For the entirety of the season, the team wore an additional arm patch that exhibited the Red Sox "B" logo and the word "Strong" within a blue circle. The team also hung up in the dugout a custom jersey that read " Boston
Boston
Strong" with the number 617, representing the city of Boston's area code. On many occasions during the season, victims of the attack and law enforcement involved were given the honor of throwing the ceremonial first pitch. Following their victory in the 2013 World Series, the first one clinched at home in Fenway Park
Fenway Park
since 1918, Red Sox players Jonny Gomes
Jonny Gomes
and Jarrod Saltalamacchia
Jarrod Saltalamacchia
performed a ceremony during the team's traditional duck boat victory parade, in which they placed the World Series
World Series
trophy and the custom 617 jersey on the Boston Marathon finish line on Boylston Street, followed by a moment of silence and a singing of God Bless America. This ceremony helped the city "reclaim" its spirit that was lost after the bombing.[60] Overall, the Red Sox team and organization played a role in the healing process after the tragedy, owing to the team's unifying effect on the city.[61][62][63][64] Recent Years Following the 2013 championship, the team finished last in the AL East during 2014 with a record of 71–91, and again in 2015 with a record of 78–84. On September 20, 2015, David Ortiz
David Ortiz
hit his 500th career home run off Matt Moore in Tropicana Field
Tropicana Field
becoming the 27th player in MLB history to achieve that prestigious milestone; in November 2015, Ortiz announced that the 2016 season would be his last.[65] The Red Sox had a record of 93–69 and won their division in 2016, with six American League
American League
All-Stars, the AL Cy Young
Cy Young
Award winner in Rick Porcello, and the runner-up for the AL Most Valuable Player Award, Mookie Betts. Rookie Andrew Benintendi
Andrew Benintendi
established himself in the Red Sox' outfield, and Steven Wright emerged as one of the year's biggest surprises. The Red Sox grabbed the lead in the AL East early and held on to it throughout the year, which included many teams honoring Ortiz throughout the season. Despite the success, the team lost five of their last six games of the regular season and were swept in the ALDS by the eventual American League
American League
Champion Cleveland Indians.[66] The following season, the Red Sox once again finished with a record of 93-69 and repeated as division champions in 2017. The Red Sox went 5-5 in their last ten games and were taken out by the Houston Astros
Houston Astros
in four games. Following the end of the season, the Red Sox would fire their manager, John Farrell (manager)
John Farrell (manager)
and would sign former player, Alex Cora
Alex Cora
to a 3-year deal.[67] [68] Current roster

Boston
Boston
Red Sox roster

v t e

Active roster Inactive roster Coaches/Other

Pitchers Starting rotation

61 Brian Johnson 22 Rick Porcello 24 David Price 41 Chris Sale 76 Héctor Velázquez

Bullpen

32 Matt Barnes 37 Heath Hembree 56 Joe Kelly 66 Bobby Poyner 39 Carson Smith 64 Marcus Walden

Closer

46 Craig Kimbrel

Catchers

 3 Sandy León 23 Blake Swihart  7 Christian Vázquez

Infielders

 2 Xander Bogaerts 11 Rafael Devers 12 Brock Holt 18 Mitch Moreland 36 Eduardo Núñez

Outfielders

16 Andrew Benintendi 50 Mookie Betts 19 Jackie Bradley Jr. 28 J. D. Martinez

Designated hitters

13 Hanley Ramírez

Pitchers

78 Jalen Beeks 79 Ty Buttrey 29 Roenis Elías 66 Williams Jerez 62 Austin Maddox 31 Drew Pomeranz
Drew Pomeranz
57 Eduardo Rodríguez 63 Robby Scott 67 Chandler Shepherd 47 Tyler Thornburg
Tyler Thornburg
44 Brandon Workman 35 Steven Wright

Infielders

 5 Tzu-Wei Lin 15 Dustin Pedroia
Dustin Pedroia
59 Sam Travis

Manager

20 Alex Cora

Coaches

86 Brian Bannister
Brian Bannister
(assistant pitching) 58 Andy Barkett (assistant hitting) 53 Craig Bjornson (bullpen/catching) 87 Mike Brenly (bullpen catcher) 52 Carlos Febles
Carlos Febles
(third base) 82 Tom Goodwin
Tom Goodwin
(first base/outfield) 51 Tim Hyers (hitting) 60 Dana LeVangie (pitching) 88 Mani Martinez (bullpen catcher) 10 Ron Roenicke
Ron Roenicke
(bench) 84 Ramón Vázquez
Ramón Vázquez
(coach)

60-day disabled list

40 Marco Hernández

25 active, 15 inactive 7- or 10-day disabled list Suspended list # Personal leave Roster and coaches updated March 29, 2018 Transactions • Depth chart → All MLB rosters

Uniform Main article: Logos and uniforms of the Boston
Boston
Red Sox Spring training

A spring training game at JetBlue Park

Main article: Boston
Boston
Red Sox spring training home Truck Day The unofficial beginning of the spring training season for the Red Sox is Truck Day, the day a tractor-trailer filled with equipment leaves Fenway Park
Fenway Park
bound for the Sox spring training facility in Florida.[69][70] JetBlue Park Main article: jetBlue Park at Fenway South In October 2008, the Lee County commission voted 3–1 to approve an agreement with the Red Sox to build a new spring-training facility for the team in south Lee County. On November 1, 2008, the Red Sox signed an agreement with Lee County intended to keep their spring training home in the Fort Myers area for 30 more years.[71] In April 2009, it was announced that the new stadium would be located on a 126-acre lot north of Southwest Florida International Airport.[72] In March 2011, it was announced that the new field would be named JetBlue Park[73] at Fenway South. The park was named JetBlue Park
JetBlue Park
after JetBlue Airlines,[74] which has maintained major operations at Boston's Logan International Airport since 2004. Many characteristics of the stadium have been taken from Fenway Park, including a 37-foot (11 m) Green Monster
Green Monster
wall in left field. Included in the wall is a restored version of the manual scoreboard that was housed at Fenway for almost 30 years, beginning in the 1970s.[75] The field dimensions are identical to those at Fenway.[75] Rivalry with the Yankees Main article: Yankees–Red Sox rivalry The Yankees–Red Sox rivalry
Yankees–Red Sox rivalry
is one of the oldest, most famous and fiercest rivalries in professional sports.[2][3][4] For over 100 years, the Red Sox and New York Yankees
New York Yankees
have been rivals.[76] The rivalry is often a heated subject of conversation in the Northeastern United States.[77] Since the inception of the wild card team and an added Division Series, every playoffs has featured one or both of the American League
American League
East rivals and they both have squared off in the American League
American League
Championship Series three times, with the Yankees winning twice in 1999 and 2003 and the Sox winning in 2004.[78][79] In addition, the teams have twice met in the last regular-season series of a season to decide the league title, in 1904 (when the Red Sox won) and 1949 (when the Yankees won).[78] The teams also finished tied for first in 1978, when the Yankees won a high-profile one-game playoff for the division title.[80] The 1978 division race is memorable for the Red Sox having held a 14-game lead over the Yankees more than halfway through the season.[81] In 2003, The Red Sox lost in game 7 of the AL Championship series on Aaron Boone's walk off home run.[82]Similarly, the 2004 AL Championship Series is notable for the Yankees leading 3 games to 0 and ultimately losing a best of seven series.[83] The Red Sox comeback was the only time in baseball history that a team has come back from a 0–3 deficit to win a series.[84] The rivalry is often termed "the best"[85] and "greatest rivalry in all of sports."[86] Games between the two teams often generate a great deal of interest and get extensive media coverage, including being broadcast on national television.[87][88] Radio and television See also: List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox broadcasters Currently, the flagship radio station of the Red Sox is WEEI-FM/93.7. Joe Castiglione, in his 25th year as the voice of the Red Sox, serves as the lead play-by-play announcer, along with Dave O'Brien and Jon Rish. Some of Castiglione's predecessors include Curt Gowdy, Ken Coleman, and Ned Martin. He has also worked with play-by-play veterans Bob Starr and Jerry Trupiano. Many stations throughout New England
New England
and beyond pick up the broadcasts. All Red Sox telecasts not shown nationally on Fox or ESPN
ESPN
are seen on New England
New England
Sports Network (NESN), until 2015 with Don Orsillo
Don Orsillo
calling play-by-play and Jerry Remy, former Red Sox second baseman, as color analyst. At the start of the 2016 season, Dave O'Brien took over the play-by-play duties. During Remy's recovery from cancer, former Red Sox players Dennis Eckersley
Dennis Eckersley
and Dave Roberts have alternated doing color commentary. NESN became exclusive in 2006; before then, games were shown on such local stations as the original WHDH-TV, WNAC-TV (now the current WHDH), WBZ-TV, WSBK-TV, WLVI, WABU, and WFXT
WFXT
at various points in team history. Retired numbers See also: List of Major League Baseball
Baseball
retired numbers

Ted Williams LF   Retired May 29, 1984

Joe Cronin SS Mgr, GM Retired May 29, 1984

Bobby Doerr 2B Coach Retired May 21, 1988

Carl Yastrzemski LF, 1B, DH   Retired August 6, 1989

Carlton Fisk C   Retired September 4, 2000

Johnny Pesky SS, 3B Mgr, Coach Retired September 23, 2008

Jim Rice LF, DH Coach Retired July 28, 2009

Pedro Martínez RHP   Retired July 28, 2015

Wade Boggs 3B   Retired May 26, 2016

David Ortiz DH, 1B   Retired June 23, 2017

Jackie Robinson All MLB   Honored April 15, 1997

The Red Sox used to publish on their website and their annual media guides three official requirements for a player to have his number retired:

Election to the National Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame At least 10 years played with the Red Sox Finished his career with the club.[89][90]

These requirements were reconsidered after the election of Carlton Fisk to the Hall of Fame in 2000; who met the first two requirements but played the second half of his career with the White Sox. As a means of meeting the criteria, then-GM Dan Duquette
Dan Duquette
hired Fisk for one day as a special assistant, which allowed Fisk to technically finish his career with the Red Sox.[91] In 2008, the Red Sox made an "exception" by retiring #6 for Johnny Pesky. Pesky neither spent ten years as a player nor was elected to the Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame; however, Red Sox ownership cited "... his versatility of his contributions—on the field, off the field, [and] in the dugout ...", including as a manager, scout, and special instructor and decided that the honor had been well-earned.[92] Pesky spent 57 years with the Red Sox organization; as a minor league player (1940-1941), major league player (1942, 1946–1952), minor league manager (1961–1962, 1990), major league manager (1963–1964, 1980), broadcaster (1969–1974), major league coach (1975–1984), and as a special instructor and assistant general manager (1985–2012). In 2015, the Red Sox chose to forgo the official criteria and retire Pedro Martínez's #45. Martínez only spent 7 of his 18 seasons in Boston. In justifying the number's retirement, Red Sox principal owner John Henry stated, "To be elected into the Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame upon his first year of eligibility speaks volumes regarding Pedro's outstanding career, and is a testament to the respect and admiration so many in baseball have for him."[93] After which, the official criteria no longer appeared on the team website[94] nor future media guides.[95][96] In 2017, less than eight months after he played the final game of his illustrious career, David Ortiz
David Ortiz
had his #34 retired by the Red Sox. Ortiz will not be eligible for election to the Hall of Fame until 2022. Ortiz is the only Red Sox player to have won three World Series championships since the issuance of jersey numbers starting in 1931.[97] The number 42 was officially retired by Major League Baseball
Baseball
in 1997, but Mo Vaughn was one of a handful of players to continue wearing #42 through a grandfather clause. He last wore it for the team in 1998. In commemoration of Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson
Day, MLB invited players to wear the number 42 for games played on April 15, Coco Crisp
Coco Crisp
(CF), David Ortiz (DH), and DeMarlo Hale
DeMarlo Hale
(Coach) did that in 2007 and again in 2008. Starting in 2009, MLB had all uniformed players for all teams wear #42 for Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson
Day. While not officially retired, the Red Sox have not issued several numbers since the departure of prominent figures who wore them,[98] specifically:[99]

21: Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
RHP (1984–1996). 33: Jason Varitek
Jason Varitek
C (1997–2011); retired as member of Red Sox. 49: Tim Wakefield
Tim Wakefield
RHP (1995–2011); retired as member of Red Sox.

There has also been debate in Boston
Boston
media circles and among fans about the potential retiring of Tony Conigliaro's number 25.[100][101] Nonetheless, since Conigliaro's last full season in Boston, 1970, the number has continued to be issued to individuals, including players Orlando Cepeda, Steve Renko, Mark Clear, Ed Romero, Don Baylor, Larry Parrish, Jack Clark, Jeff Russell, Troy O'Leary, Jeremy Giambi, Ellis Burks, Adam Hyzdu, Mike Lowell, Jackie Bradley, Jr., Kyle Kendrick
Kyle Kendrick
and Rajai Davis; coach Dwight Evans, and manager Bobby Valentine. Until the late 1990s, the numbers originally hung on the right-field facade in the order in which they were retired: 9–4–1–8. It was pointed out that the numbers, when read as a date (9/4/18), marked the eve of the first game of the 1918 World Series, the last championship series that the Red Sox won before 2004. After the facade was repainted, the numbers were rearranged in numerical order. In 2012, the numbers were rearranged again in chronological order of retirement (9, 4, 1, 8, 27, 6, 14) followed by Robinson's 42. As additional numbers are retired (e.g.: Pedro's 45, Boggs's 26, Papi's 34), Robinson's 42 is moved to the right so it remains the right-most number hanging. Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Famers

Boston
Boston
Red Sox Hall of Famers

Affiliation according to the National Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame and Museum

Luis Aparicio Wade Boggs Lou Boudreau Jesse Burkett Orlando Cepeda Jack Chesbro Jimmy Collins

Joe Cronin Andre Dawson Bobby Doerr Dennis Eckersley Rick Ferrell
Rick Ferrell
* Carlton Fisk
Carlton Fisk
* Jimmie Foxx
Jimmie Foxx
*

Lefty Grove
Lefty Grove
* Rickey Henderson Harry Hooper Waite Hoyt Ferguson Jenkins George Kell Heinie Manush

Juan Marichal Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
* Herb Pennock
Herb Pennock
* Tony Pérez Jim Rice Red Ruffing Babe Ruth

Tom Seaver Al Simmons John Smoltz Tris Speaker Dick Williams Ted Williams Carl Yastrzemski Cy Young

Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Red Sox cap insignia. * Wears Red Sox cap on Hall of Fame plaque, but spent more time on other teams

Ford C. Frick Award
Ford C. Frick Award
recipients

Boston
Boston
Red Sox Ford C. Frick Award
Ford C. Frick Award
recipients

Affiliation according to the National Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame and Museum

Curt Gowdy

Bob Murphy

Names in bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Red Sox.

Minor league affiliations Main article: List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox minor league affiliates

Level Team League Location

Triple-A Pawtucket Red Sox International League Pawtucket, Rhode Island

Double-A Portland Sea Dogs Eastern League Portland, Maine

Class A-Advanced Salem Red Sox Carolina League Salem, Virginia

Class A Greenville Drive South Atlantic League Greenville, South Carolina

Class A-Short Season Lowell Spinners New York–Penn League Lowell, Massachusetts

Rookie GCL Red Sox Gulf Coast League Fort Myers, Florida

DSL Red Sox Dominican Summer League Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Other notable seasons and team records Main article: List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox team records

Nomar Garciaparra
Nomar Garciaparra
hit .372 in 2000, the club record for a right-handed hitter.[102] David Ortiz
David Ortiz
in 2005 had 47 home runs and 148 RBIs. He also had many game winning and timely hits and came in second in the MVP voting to the New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez.[103] David Ortiz
David Ortiz
had a franchise record-breaking 2006 season with 54 home runs in the regular season On April 22, 2007, Manny Ramírez, J. D. Drew, Mike Lowell, and Jason Varitek hit four consecutive home runs in the 3rd inning off 10 pitches from Chase Wright
Chase Wright
of the New York Yankees
New York Yankees
in his second Major League start and his fourth above Single-A ball. This was the fifth time in Major League history, and first time in Red Sox history this feat has occurred. Notable is that J. D. Drew
J. D. Drew
had previously contributed to a four consecutive home run sequence on September 18, 2006 (coincidentally also the second batter in the sequence) while with the Los Angeles Dodgers. Additionally, then-Red Sox manager Terry Francona's father, Tito Francona, also was a part of such a four consecutive home run sequence for the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
in 1963.[104] The overall regular season winning percentage since club inception in 1901 is .516, a record of 8595–8065 for games played through July 9, 2008. They started 2007 with winning percentage of .512 (8444–7960).[105] On September 1, 2007, Clay Buchholz
Clay Buchholz
no-hit the Baltimore Orioles
Baltimore Orioles
in his second Major League start. He is the first Red Sox rookie and 17th Red Sox pitcher to throw a no-hitter.[106] On September 22, 2007, with a victory over the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, the Red Sox clinched a spot in the postseason for the fourth time in five years, the first time in club history this has happened. Also, with this postseason berth, manager Terry Francona
Terry Francona
becomes the first manager in team history to lead the club to three playoff appearances. Between May 15, 2003 and April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game. The 820 game streak is a record for all major American sports, narrowly passing the Portland Trail Blazers
Portland Trail Blazers
record of 814 between 1977 and 1995.[107][108] The previous major league baseball record had been held by the Cleveland Indians, who sold out 455 games between June 12, 1995 and April 2, 2001. (The team's definition of a sellout: "The criteria used for a sellout at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
have been the same since the early 1990s," Kennedy said in an e-mail. "Our policy is simple and straightforward, and is used by many MLB clubs [and other sports teams around the country]. A sellout occurs when the number of tickets distributed to spectators is equal to or greater than the seating capacity at Fenway Park. [The 2008 seating capacity is 36,984 for day games and 37,400 for night games.]"[109] That is: a sellout only covers ticket sales, not spectators in physical seats.) On May 21, 2011, the Red Sox played against the Chicago Cubs
Chicago Cubs
at Fenway Park for the first time since the 1918 World Series
1918 World Series
(they had faced each other at Chicago's Wrigley Field in 2005[110]). Both teams wore uniforms that match the style worn in 1918.[111] In 2016, David Ortiz
David Ortiz
set all-time records for most home runs[112] and RBI[113] in a player's final MLB season. Ortiz finished the season with 38 homers, which surpassed Dave Kingman's 35 in 1986, and 127 RBI, which surpassed Shoeless Joe Jackson's 123 in 1920.

See also

Baseball
Baseball
portal Boston
Boston
portal

Boston
Boston
Red Sox all-time roster List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox team records List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox award winners List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox managers List of Boston
Boston
Red Sox coaches List of World Series
World Series
champions List of Major League Baseball
Baseball
franchise postseason streaks List of Major League Baseball
Baseball
franchise postseason droughts Tony Conigliaro
Tony Conigliaro
Award The Jimmy Fund Fever Pitch – a film covering the 2004 Boston
Boston
Red Sox championship run from a fan-based point of view. Game 6 – a film covering the Red Sox's ultimately unsuccessful 1986 World Series
World Series
championship run. Red Sox Rule
Red Sox Rule
– a 2008 book written by Michael Holley.

Notes

^ Browne, Ian (December 10, 2008). "Red Sox unveil 'retro roadies". Major League Baseball
Baseball
Advanced Media. Retrieved June 3, 2017.  ^ a b c Shaughnessy 2005, p. 21 ^ a b Frommer & Frommer 2004, p. 78 ^ a b Bodley, Hal (October 21, 2004). "Sport's ultimate rivalry; Yanks-Red Sox epic battles go way back". USA Today. p. 3C. Retrieved January 26, 2011.  ^ "MLB Attendance Report – 2007". ESPN. November 1, 2007. Retrieved November 12, 2007.  ^ Golen, Jimmy (May 15, 2007). "Tigers 7, Red Sox 2". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved October 30, 2007.  ^ Smith, Aaron (March 30, 2011). "Top five most loyal MLB fan bases". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ Vosk, Stephanie (May 29, 2005). "Another mystery of the Diamond, explained at last". Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved 12 September 2015.  ^ "The Start of the Red Sox". New-York Tribune. August 27, 1888. Retrieved 25 November 2012.  ^ From George V. Tuohey (1897). A History of the Boston
Boston
Baseball
Baseball
Club: A concise and accurate history of Base Ball from its inception. Boston, Massachusetts: M. F. Quinn & Co. p. 64. ^ Nowlin's follow-up article in The National Pastime. Apparently this originated with a writer for the Washington Post
Washington Post
during 1906, and by 1907 it started to be retroactively applied to the 1903 club, even by Boston
Boston
newspapers. ^ "The Boston
Boston
Pilgrims Did Exist". Celebrateboston.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ "Colin McEnroe at the Hartford Courant". Archived from the original on 2016-05-16.  ^ " Boston
Boston
Red Sox News RedSox.com: News". Boston
Boston
Red Sox. MLB. Archived from the original on 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ "Business Entity Summary ID Number: L86001121". Office of the Secretary of State of Massachusetts, Corporations Division. Retrieved October 24, 2013.  ^ http://www.lussierphoto.com/2011/01/03/boston-american-league-baseball-company/ ^ The Milwaukee Sentinel, April 16, 1981, "Where is the bronze giantess, Germania?" By Jay Joslyn ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Cy Young
Cy Young
Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. "Dutch Leonard Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ "Duffy Lewis". BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ "Carl Mays". BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ Shaughnessy 1990, p. 31 ^ "Year-by-Year League Leaders & Records for Home Runs —". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ Montville, Leigh (2006). The Big Bam: The Life and Times of Babe Ruth. Random House. pp. 161–64.  ^ "ESPN.com: MLB — When the Yankees nearly moved to Boston". Static.espn.go.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ "Wally SchangBaseballLibrary.com". Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ " Everett Scott
Everett Scott
BaseballLibrary.com". Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ "Elmer Smith BaseballLibrary.com". Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ " Herb Pennock
Herb Pennock
Statistics —". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Jimmie Foxx
Jimmie Foxx
Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ " Ted Williams
Ted Williams
Statistics —". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Carl Yastrzemski
Carl Yastrzemski
Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ "Rookie of the Year Awards & Rolaids Relief Award Winners —". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ a b "Most Valuable Player MVP Awards & Cy Young
Cy Young
Awards Winners –". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ Shaughnessy 1990, pp. 145–147 ^ a b c Cafardo, Nick (June 7, 1990). "Dent Dumped by Yankees". The Boston
Boston
Globe. p. 37.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ "ESPN.com: Page 2: Is Clemens the Antichrist?". ESPN.com.  ^ Vecsey, George (October 28, 1986). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; Babe Ruth Curse Strikes Again". The New York Times. p. D33.  ^ a b Weber, Bruce (April 2, 2011). "Lou Gorman, Whose Red Sox Lost to Mets, Dies at 82". The New York Times. p. B8.  ^ Maske, Mark (September 25, 1990). "Pennant Chases in East Still Flying High, West All but Flagged". The Washington Post. p. E3. Yankees fans had taunted the Red Sox all weekend with chants of '1918, 1918!'—the last time Boston
Boston
won the World Series—and the Red Sox are not allowed by long-suffering New Englanders to forget the pain they have wrought with years of excruciating near misses.  ^ Shaughnessy 2005, p. 26 ^ a b c Shaughnessy, Dan (June 7, 1990). "His Back Was Against the Wall". The Boston
Boston
Globe. p. 37.  ^ "The Official Site of The Boston
Boston
Red Sox: Ballpark: Fenway Facts". Boston
Boston
Red Sox. MLB. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ " David Eckstein
David Eckstein
Statistics —". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ "Clemens putting Cooperstown on hold".  ^ Kahn, Joseph P. (September 24, 2003). "Rallying Cry Spurs Sox To Finish Ride". The Boston
Boston
Globe.  ^ Edes, Gordon (23 October 2003). " Boston
Boston
Globe, Little unsure he wants job". The Boston
Boston
Globe.  ^ Shaughnessy, Dan (August 1, 2008). "Going, going, gone". The Boston Globe.  ^ "Drew's game-winning hit keeps Red Sox alive in ALCS". ESPN. Associated Press. October 16, 2008. Retrieved October 17, 2008.  ^ Curry, Jack (October 17, 2008). "Down by 7–0, Red Sox Force a Game 6". The New York Times. Retrieved October 17, 2008.  ^ Ringolsby, T. (September 21, 2013). Worst to first finishes becoming more coming. Mlb.com. retrieved from http://boston.redsox.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20130921&content_id=61302802 ^ Browne, I. (September 20, 2013). Numerous reasons for Red Sox's Turnaround. Mlb.com retrieved from http://boston.redsox.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20130920&content_id=61186228 ^ The Uehara Phenomenon http://hardballtalk.nbcsports.com/2013/10/18/the-uehara-phenomenon/ ^ Browne, I. (September 19, 2013). Uehara hit the ground running as Boston's closer. Mlb.com retrieved from http://boston.redsox.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20130919&content_id=61080784&vkey=news_bos&c_id=bos ^ Browne, I. (September 20, 2013). Numerous reasons for Red Sox's Turnaround. Mlb.com retrieved from http://boston.redsox.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20130920&content_id=61186228&vkey=news_bos&c_id=bos ^ Brown, I. (September 28, 2013). Red Sox secure home-field advantage throughout playoffs. Retrieved from http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article/bos/red-sox-secure-home-field-advantage-throughout-playoffs?ymd=20130928&content_id=62065434 ^ Browne, I. (September 29, 2013). As playoffs loom, Sox get in final tune-up. Retrieved from http://boston.redsox.mlb.com/mlb/gameday/index.jsp?gid=2013_09_29_bosmlb_balmlb_1 ^ " World Series
World Series
2013 Schedule: Where and When to Catch Remaining Games". Bleacher Report. 26 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.  ^ Martinez, Michael (November 2, 2013). " Boston
Boston
Red Sox parade reclaims marathon finish line". CNN. Retrieved November 7, 2013.  ^ Moroney, Tom and Linskey, Annie (October 31, 2013). "Red Sox Homage to April Bomb Victims Drives World Series
World Series
Win". Bloomberg News. Retrieved December 26, 2013.  ^ Karlamangla, Soumya (November 2, 2013). " Boston
Boston
celebrates Red Sox win, remembers marathon bombings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 26, 2013.  ^ " Boston
Boston
fans converge on bombing site". Fox Sports. October 31, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2013.  ^ Martinez, Michael (November 2, 2013). "Saturday's Boston
Boston
Red Sox victory parade to heal city's marathon wounds". CNN. Retrieved December 26, 2013.  ^ Browne, Ian (November 18, 2015). "Papi confirms he will retire after 2016 season". MLB.com. Retrieved December 26, 2016.  ^ "2016 Boston
Boston
Red Sox Schedule and Results". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 26, 2016.  ^ "2017 Boston
Boston
Red Sox Schedule and Results". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 23, 2018.  ^ "Red Sox Hire Alex Cora". MLB.com. Retrieved February 23, 2018.  ^ "Signs of spring arrive". The News-Press. Fort Myers, Florida. February 9, 2009. p. 27. Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via newspapers.com.  ^ Healey, Tim (February 8, 2014). "Red Sox fans show support on annual Truck Day". MLB.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Red Sox to stay in Fort Myers for 30 more springs". Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ Charlie Whitehead (2009-04-28). "A home run: Lee commissioners choose Watermen-Pinnacle as site for new Red Sox spring home - Naples Daily News". Naplesnews.com. Retrieved 2015-04-30.  ^ "JetBlue puts stamp on Red Sox Complex". Retrieved 2011-03-30. [permanent dead link] ^ Edes, Gordon. "Sox new facility to be named JetBlue Park
JetBlue Park
– Boston Red Sox Blog – ESPN
ESPN
Boston". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ a b Abraham, Peter (August 31, 2011). "Red Sox announce spring training ticket prices at new JetBlue Park". The Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved 2011-10-07.  ^ Dodd, Mike (October 12, 2004). "Here they go again ... ; Red Sox vs. Yankees: Bitter enemies clash with Series on line". USA Today. p. 1C. Retrieved January 27, 2011.  ^ Shaughnessy 2005, p. 19 ^ a b DiGiovanna, Mike (October 12, 2004). "They Love to Hate Each Other; Red Sox and Yankees carry bitter rivalry into championship series that starts tonight". Los Angeles Times. p. D1.  ^ Shaughnessy, Dan (October 21, 2004). "A World Series
World Series
ticket; Sox complete comeback, oust Yankees for AL title". The Boston
Boston
Globe. p. A1.  ^ Frommer & Frommer 2004, pp. 177–179 ^ Frommer & Frommer 2004, p. 175 ^ http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/baseball/yankees/curse-boonebinoshot-11th-history-sox-article-1.518448 ^ Kepner, Tyler (October 21, 2004). "Back From Dead, Red Sox Bury Yanks and Go to Series". The New York Times. p. A1.  ^ Rieber, Anthony (May 16, 2010). "Bruins' fall brings back memories of 2004". Newsday. p. 68. The 2004 Yankees ... are the only baseball team in history to lead a postseason series 3–0 and not win it.  ^ Lee, Tony (January 12, 2011). "Cubs, Cardinals Must Emulate Yankees, Red Sox to Rekindle Rivalry". NESN. Retrieved February 6, 2011.  ^ The New York Times; The Boston
Boston
Globe (2004). The rivals: the Boston Red Sox vs. the New York Yankees: an inside history (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-312-33616-0.  ^ Wallace, Tim (July 10, 2011). "Two nations, over the air: Portrait of a rivalry in radio waves". The Boston
Boston
Globe. p. K12. Archived from the original on October 27, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2012.  ^ Ortiz, Jorge L. (May 7, 2010). "Yankees vs. Red Sox: Long-running drama". USA Today. p. 1C.  ^ "Retired Numbers from redsox.com".  ^ 2014 Boston
Boston
Red Sox Media Guide (PDF). 2014. p. 416.  ^ Grossman, Leigh (2001). The Red Sox Fan Handbook. Swordsmith Books. p. 208. ISBN 1-931013-03-9.  ^ Vega, Michael (September 24, 2008). "Pesky makes honor roll". The Boston
Boston
Globe.  ^ Mastrodonato, Jason (June 22, 2015). "Red Sox to retire Pedro Martínez's No. 45 at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
on July 28". Boston
Boston
Herald.  ^ "Retired Numbers from redsox.com". Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ 2015 Boston
Boston
Red Sox Media Guide (PDF). 2015. pp. 376–379.  ^ 2016 Boston
Boston
Red Sox Media Guide (PDF). 2016. pp. 353–356.  ^ "Sox to retire Papi's number tonight vs. Angels".  ^ "Red Sox All-Time Uniform Numbers".  ^ Dzen, Gary (July 28, 2009). "Sox to retire Rice's number tonight". The Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved August 31, 2009.  ^ Shuman, Cary (May 27, 2016). "Effort Being Renewed to Retire Tony Conigliaro's Red Sox Jersey". Lynn Journal. Retrieved December 26, 2016.  ^ Couture, Jon (December 27, 2015). "What ifs not enough to retire Tony C's number 25". South Coast Today. Retrieved December 26, 2016.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Nomar Garciaparra
Nomar Garciaparra
Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " David Ortiz
David Ortiz
Statistics — Baseball-Reference.com". Retrieved February 17, 2008.  ^ "Sox tie mark with four straight homers redsox.com: News". Retrieved June 18, 2010.  ^ " Baseball
Baseball
Teams and Baseball
Baseball
Team Encyclopedias —". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ ESPN.com — Blogs — Rob Neyer Blog ^ Livingstone, Seth (April 20, 2012). "Happy Birthday: Fenway Park turns 100 years old". USA Today.  ^ Edes, Gordon. "Red Sox's sellout streak ends". ESPN. Retrieved November 3, 2013.  ^ Browne, Ian (September 4, 2008). "Red Sox to set MLB sellout record". MLB.com. Retrieved July 28, 2009.  ^ " Chicago Cubs
Chicago Cubs
14, Boston
Boston
Red Sox 6". Retrosheet. Retrosheet.org. June 10, 2005.  ^ Vega, Michael (May 19, 2011). "Red Sox to "turn back the clock" on Saturday against the Cubs". The Boston
Boston
Globe.  ^ Lauber, Scott (September 21, 2016). " David Ortiz
David Ortiz
breaks Dave Kingman's final-season HR record with 36th". ESPN.com. Retrieved October 2, 2016.  ^ "Ortiz sets mark for most RBIs in final season". The Washington Post. Associated Press. September 23, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016. 

References

Nowlin, Bill; Prime, Jim (2005). Feud: The Red Sox, The Yankees, and the Struggle of Good versus Evil. Rounder Books. ISBN 1-57940-111-2.  Stout, Glenn; Johnson, Richard A. (2000). Red Sox Century. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-88417-9.  Frommer, Harvey; Frommer, Frederic J. (2004). Red Sox vs. Yankees: The Great Rivalry. Sports Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1-58261-767-8.  Shaughnessy, Dan (1990). The Curse of the Bambino. New York: Dutton. ISBN 0-525-24887-0.  Shaughnessy, Dan (2005). Reversing the Curse. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-51748-0. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boston
Boston
Red Sox.

Boston
Boston
Red Sox official website Season-by-Season Records Boston
Boston
Red Sox Video at ESPN
ESPN
Video Archive 2004 World Series
2004 World Series
win in the Newseum
Newseum
archive of front page images from 2004-10-28.

v t e

Boston
Boston
Red Sox

Formerly the Boston
Boston
Americans Based in Boston, Massachusetts

Franchise

History Seasons Records No-hitters Awards Players Owners and executives Managers Coaches Captains Broadcasters Opening Day
Opening Day
starters First-round draft picks Logos and uniforms Hall of Fame

Ballparks

Huntington Avenue Grounds Braves Field Fenway Park

Spring training Venues Majestic Park Plant Field Whittington Park Riverside Park Ninth Street Park Payne Park Bader Field Scottsdale Stadium Chain of Lakes Park City of Palms Park JetBlue Park
JetBlue Park
at Fenway South

Culture

Red Sox Nation Royal Rooters "Nuf Ced" McGreevy Curse of the Bambino Green Monster Pesky's Pole Wally the Green Monster Victoria Snelgrove "Tessie" "Dirty Water" "Sweet Caroline" "Dream On" "I'm Shipping Up to Boston" "Three Little Birds" Field of Dreams Good Will Hunting Fever Pitch Moneyball Game 6 The Town The Jimmy Fund Yawkey Way Kenmore Square Citgo Sign Golden Outfield Carl Beane Sherm Feller Cheers Still, We Believe: The Boston
Boston
Red Sox Movie Four Days in October Red Sox Rule

Lore

Cy Young's perfect game Slaughter's Mad Dash Babe Ruth's 573-foot home run into Alligator Farm 1948 AL tie-breaker game The Impossible Dream Carlton Fisk
Carlton Fisk
waves it fair 1978 AL East tie-breaker game Bill Buckner's error Aaron Boone's home run The bloody sock "Idiots" break the curse Boston
Boston
Strong

Rivalries

New York Yankees

Administration

Owners: Fenway Sports Group

John W. Henry Tom Werner

President and CEO: Sam Kennedy President of Baseball
Baseball
Operations: Dave Dombrowski General Manager: Vacant Manager: Alex Cora

World Series Championships (8)

1903 1912 1915 1916 1918 2004 2007 2013

League Pennants (13)

1903 1904 1912 1915 1916 1918 1946 1967 1975 1986 2004 2007 2013

Division championships (9)

1975 1986 1988 1990 1995 2007 2013 2016 2017

Wild card berths (7)

1998 1999 2003 2004 2005 2008 2009

Minor league affiliates

AAA

Pawtucket Red Sox

AA

Portland Sea Dogs

A Adv.

Salem Red Sox

A

Greenville Drive

Short A

Lowell Spinners

Rookie

GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox

Broadcasting

Television

New England
New England
Sports Network (NESN)

Radio

WEEI-FM Radio network affiliates

Broadcasters

Dave O'Brien Jerry Remy Joe Castiglione Tim Neverett Uri Berenguer Juan Oscar Baez

Seasons (118)

1900s

1900 · 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909

1910s

1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919

1920s

1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929

1930s

1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939

1940s

1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949

1950s

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

1960s

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

1970s

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

1980s

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

1990s

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

2000s

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010s

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Links to related articles

Achievements

Preceded by None (First) Philadelphia Athletics 1911 Boston
Boston
Braves 1914 Chicago White Sox 1917 Florida Marlins 2003 St. Louis Cardinals 2006 San Francisco Giants 2012 World Series
World Series
championships 1903 1912 1915 & 1916 1918 2004 2007 2013 Succeeded by New York Giants 1905 Philadelphia Athletics 1913 Chicago White Sox 1917 Cincinnati Reds 1919 Chicago White Sox 2005 Philadelphia Phillies 2008 San Francisco Giants 2014

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Principal owners of the Boston
Boston
Red Sox franchise

Charles Somers Henry Killilea John I. Taylor
John I. Taylor
& Jimmy McAleer John I. Taylor
John I. Taylor
& Joseph Lannin Joseph Lannin Harry Frazee Bob Quinn Tom Yawkey Jean R. Yawkey JRY Trust John W. Henry

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox general managers

Eddie Collins
Eddie Collins
(1933–1947) Joe Cronin
Joe Cronin
(1948–1958) Bucky Harris
Bucky Harris
(1959–1960) Dick O'Connell (1961–1962) Pinky Higgins
Pinky Higgins
(1962–1965) Dick O'Connell (1965–1977) Haywood Sullivan (1978–1983) Lou Gorman
Lou Gorman
(1984–1993) Dan Duquette
Dan Duquette
(1994–2002) Mike Port (2002) Theo Epstein
Theo Epstein
(2002–2005) Ben Cherington
Ben Cherington
and Jed Hoyer
Jed Hoyer
(2005–2006) Theo Epstein
Theo Epstein
(2006–2011) Ben Cherington
Ben Cherington
(2012–2015) Mike Hazen (2015–2016)

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox managers

Jimmy Collins
Jimmy Collins
(1901–1906) Chick Stahl
Chick Stahl
(1906) Cy Young
Cy Young
(1907) Bob Unglaub
Bob Unglaub
(1907) George Huff (1907) Deacon McGuire
Deacon McGuire
(1907–1908) Fred Lake
Fred Lake
(1908–1909) Patsy Donovan
Patsy Donovan
(1910–1911) Jake Stahl
Jake Stahl
(1912–1913) Bill Carrigan
Bill Carrigan
(1913–1916) Jack Barry (1917) Ed Barrow
Ed Barrow
(1918–1920) Hugh Duffy
Hugh Duffy
(1921–1922) Frank Chance
Frank Chance
(1923) Lee Fohl
Lee Fohl
(1924–1926) Bill Carrigan
Bill Carrigan
(1927–1929) Heinie Wagner
Heinie Wagner
(1930) Shano Collins
Shano Collins
(1931–1932) Marty McManus
Marty McManus
(1932–1933) Bucky Harris
Bucky Harris
(1934) Joe Cronin
Joe Cronin
(1935–1947) Joe McCarthy (1948–1950) Steve O'Neill
Steve O'Neill
(1950–1951) Lou Boudreau
Lou Boudreau
(1952–1954) Pinky Higgins
Pinky Higgins
(1955–1959) Rudy York
Rudy York
(1959) Billy Jurges
Billy Jurges
(1959–1960) Del Baker
Del Baker
(1960) Pinky Higgins
Pinky Higgins
(1960–1962) Johnny Pesky
Johnny Pesky
(1963–1964) Billy Herman
Billy Herman
(1964–1966) Pete Runnels
Pete Runnels
(1966) Dick Williams
Dick Williams
(1967–1969) Eddie Popowski (1969) Eddie Kasko
Eddie Kasko
(1970–1973) Eddie Popowski (1973) Darrell Johnson (1974–1976) Don Zimmer
Don Zimmer
(1976–1980) Johnny Pesky
Johnny Pesky
(1980) Ralph Houk
Ralph Houk
(1981–1984) John McNamara (1985–1988) Joe Morgan
Joe Morgan
(1988–1991) Butch Hobson
Butch Hobson
(1992–1994) Kevin Kennedy (1995–1996) Jimy Williams
Jimy Williams
(1997–2001) Joe Kerrigan
Joe Kerrigan
(2001) Grady Little (2002–2003) Terry Francona
Terry Francona
(2004–2011) Bobby Valentine
Bobby Valentine
(2012) John Farrell (2013–2017) Alex Cora
Alex Cora
(2018– )

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox retired numbers

1 Bobby Doerr 4 Joe Cronin 6 Johnny Pesky 8 Carl Yastrzemski 9 Ted Williams 14 Jim Rice 26 Wade Boggs 27 Carlton Fisk 34 David Ortiz 45 Pedro Martínez

Championship navigation boxes

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Boston
Boston
Americans 1903 World Series
1903 World Series
champions

Jimmy Collins Lou Criger Bill Dinneen Patsy Dougherty Duke Farrell Hobe Ferris Buck Freeman Norwood Gibson Tom Hughes Candy LaChance Jack O'Brien Freddy Parent Chick Stahl George Winter Cy Young

Manager Jimmy Collins

Regular season

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Boston
Boston
Americans 1904 American League
American League
Champions

Jimmy Collins Lou Criger Bill Dinneen Patsy Dougherty Duke Farrell Hobe Ferris Buck Freeman Norwood Gibson Candy LaChance Freddy Parent Kip Selbach Chick Stahl Jesse Tannehill George Winter Cy Young

Manager Jimmy Collins

Regular season

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 1912 World Series
1912 World Series
champions

Neal Ball Hugh Bedient Hugh Bradley Hick Cady Bill Carrigan Ray Collins Clyde Engle Larry Gardner Charley Hall Olaf Henriksen Harry Hooper Marty Krug Duffy Lewis Les Nunamaker Buck O'Brien Larry Pape Tris Speaker Jake Stahl Pinch Thomas Heinie Wagner Joe Wood Steve Yerkes

Manager Jake Stahl

Regular season

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 1915 World Series
1915 World Series
champions

Jack Barry Hick Cady Bill Carrigan Ray Collins Rube Foster Del Gainer Larry Gardner Vean Gregg Olaf Henriksen Dick Hoblitzell Harry Hooper Hal Janvrin Dutch Leonard Duffy Lewis Carl Mays Herb Pennock Babe Ruth Everett Scott Ernie Shore Tris Speaker Pinch Thomas Heinie Wagner Smoky Joe Wood

Manager Bill Carrigan

Regular season

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 1916 World Series
1916 World Series
champions

Hick Cady Bill Carrigan Rube Foster Del Gainer Larry Gardner Olaf Henriksen Dick Hoblitzell Harry Hooper Hal Janvrin Dutch Leonard Duffy Lewis Carl Mays Mike McNally Babe Ruth Everett Scott Ernie Shore Chick Shorten Pinch Thomas Tilly Walker Jimmy Walsh

Manager Bill Carrigan

Regular season

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 1918 World Series
1918 World Series
champions

Sam Agnew Joe Bush Jean Dubuc Harry Hooper Sam Jones Carl Mays Stuffy McInnis Hack Miller Babe Ruth Wally Schang Everett Scott Dave Shean Amos Strunk Fred Thomas George Whiteman

Manager Ed Barrow

Regular season

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 2004 World Series
2004 World Series
champions

3 Pokey Reese 7 Trot Nixon 11 Bill Mueller 12 Mark Bellhorn 13 Doug Mientkiewicz 15 Kevin Millar 18 Johnny Damon 19 Gabe Kapler 20 Kevin Youkilis 24 Manny Ramirez
Manny Ramirez
( World Series
World Series
MVP) 26 Ramiro Mendoza 28 Doug Mirabelli 29 Keith Foulke 30 Curt Leskanic 31 Dave Roberts 32 Derek Lowe 33 Jason Varitek 34 David Ortiz
David Ortiz
(ALCS MVP) 36 Mike Myers 38 Curt Schilling 43 Alan Embree 44 Orlando Cabrera 45 Pedro Martínez 49 Tim Wakefield 50 Mike Timlin 61 Bronson Arroyo

Manager 47 Terry Francona

Coaches Bench Coach 2 Brad Mills Hitting Coach 22 Ron Jackson First Base Coach 35 Lynn Jones Third Base Coach 41 Dale Sveum Interim First Base Coach 44 Bill Haselman Pitching Coach 17 Dave Wallace Bullpen Coach 54 Euclides Rojas Bullpen Catcher
Catcher
60 Dana LeVangie

Regular season American League
American League
Division Series American League
American League
Championship Series

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 2007 World Series
2007 World Series
champions

7 J. D. Drew 10 Coco Crisp 12 Eric Hinske 13 Alex Cora 15 Dustin Pedroia 17 Manny Delcarmen 18 Daisuke Matsuzaka 19 Josh Beckett
Josh Beckett
(ALCS MVP) 20 Kevin Youkilis 23 Julio Lugo 24 Manny Ramirez 25 Mike Lowell
Mike Lowell
( World Series
World Series
MVP) 28 Doug Mirabelli 31 Jon Lester 32 Bobby Kielty 33 Jason Varitek 34 David Ortiz 36 Kevin Cash 37 Hideki Okajima 38 Curt Schilling 39 Kyle Snyder 46 Jacoby Ellsbury 48 Javier López 49 Tim Wakefield 50 Mike Timlin 51 Julián Tavárez 58 Jonathan Papelbon 83 Éric Gagné

Manager 47 Terry Francona

Coaches Bench Coach 2 Brad Mills First Base Coach 16 Luis Alicea Hitting Coach 29 Dave Magadan Third Base Coach 35 DeMarlo Hale Pitching Coach 52 John Farrell Bullpen Coach 57 Gary Tuck Bullpen Catcher
Catcher
65 Ino Guerrero

Regular season American League
American League
Division Series American League
American League
Championship Series

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Boston
Boston
Red Sox 2013 World Series
2013 World Series
champions

2 Jacoby Ellsbury 3 David Ross 5 Jonny Gomes 7 Stephen Drew 11 Clay Buchholz 12 Mike Napoli 15 Dustin Pedroia 16 Will Middlebrooks 18 Shane Victorino 19 Koji Uehara
Koji Uehara
(ALCS MVP) 22 Félix Doubront 29 Daniel Nava 31 Jon Lester 32 Craig Breslow 34 David Ortiz
David Ortiz
( World Series
World Series
MVP) 36 Junichi Tazawa 37 Mike Carp 39 Jarrod Saltalamacchia 41 John Lackey 44 Jake Peavy 46 Ryan Dempster 50 Quintin Berry 56 Franklin Morales 67 Brandon Workman 72 Xander Bogaerts

Manager 53 John Farrell

Third base coach 13 Brian Butterfield Bench coach 17 Torey Lovullo Hitting coach 28 Greg Colbrunn First Base coach 43 Arnie Beyeler Pitching coach 47 Juan Nieves Assistant hitting coach 57 Vic Rodriguez Bullpen coach 58 Dana LeVangie Bullpen catcher 83 Brian Abraham Bullpen catcher 88 Alex Martinez

Regular season American League
American League
Division Series American League
American League
Championship Series

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Major League Baseball
Baseball
(2018)

American League

East

Baltimore Orioles Boston
Boston
Red Sox New York Yankees Tampa Bay Rays Toronto Blue Jays

Central

Chicago White Sox Cleveland Indians Detroit Tigers Kansas City Royals Minnesota Twins

West

Houston Astros Los Angeles Angels Oakland Athletics Seattle Mariners Texas Rangers

National League

East

Atlanta
Atlanta
Braves Miami Marlins New York Mets Philadelphia Phillies Washington Nationals

Central

Chicago Cubs Cincinnati Reds Milwaukee Brewers Pittsburgh Pirates St. Louis Cardinals

West

Arizona Diamondbacks Colorado Rockies Los Angeles Dodgers San Diego Padres San Francisco Giants

Schedule

Spring training Opening Day Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson
Day Civil Rights Game All-Star Game Interleague play International games World Baseball
Baseball
Classic

Postseason

World Series

Champions

NL

NL Champions NLCS NLDS

AL

AL Champions ALCS ALDS

Wild Card Game Appearances Streaks Droughts Series

Business

Draft

Rule 5

Players Association Highest paid players Luxury tax Lockouts/strikes Winter Meetings Hot stove league Transactions Media

Logo Radio Television MLB.com MLB Advanced Media

Minor League Baseball Authentication Program

Miscellaneous

Instant replay Team uniforms Stadiums Mascots Rivalries

History

History

AL

Seasons Tie-breakers

Tie-breaking procedures

Records Awards Retired numbers Hall of Fame

Steroid usage

Drug policy

suspensions

Mitchell Report Juiced Vindicated Biogenesis baseball scandal BALCO scandal Game of Shadows Barry Bonds perjury case

Timeline

Timeline of Major League Baseball

History of team nicknames

Dead-ball era Live-ball era Golden age of baseball Defunct and relocated teams Relocation of the 1950s–60s Expansion

1961 1962 1969 1977 1993 1998

Commissioner: Rob Manfred League Presidents

NL AL

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American League

Organization

Parent league: Major League Baseball Partner league: National League Origins: (History Western League) Honorary president: Frank Robinson

Current teams

East

Baltimore Orioles Boston
Boston
Red Sox New York Yankees Tampa Bay Rays Toronto Blue Jays

Central

Chicago White Sox Cleveland Indians Detroit Tigers Kansas City Royals Minnesota Twins

West

Houston Astros Los Angeles Angels Oakland Athletics Seattle Mariners Texas Rangers

Former, relocated, and disestablished teams

Baltimore Orioles
Baltimore Orioles
(1901–1902) Kansas City Athletics (1955–1967) Milwaukee Brewers
Milwaukee Brewers
I (1901) Milwaukee Brewers
Milwaukee Brewers
II (1970–1997) Philadelphia Athletics
Philadelphia Athletics
(1901–1954) Seattle Pilots
Seattle Pilots
(1969) St. Louis Browns (1902–1953) Washington Senators I (1901–1960) Washington Senators II (1961–1971)

Championship play

List of champions Championship Series Division Series Wild Card winners

Related articles

Designated hitter Professional baseball

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Major League Baseball
Baseball
owners by team

American League

East

Peter Angelos (Baltimore Orioles) John W. Henry
John W. Henry
( Boston
Boston
Red Sox) Hal Steinbrenner
Hal Steinbrenner
(New York Yankees) Stuart Sternberg (Tampa Bay Rays) Rogers Communications
Rogers Communications
(Toronto Blue Jays)

Central

Jerry Reinsdorf (Chicago White Sox) Larry Dolan (Cleveland Indians) Christopher Ilitch (Detroit Tigers) David Glass (Kansas City Royals) Jim Pohlad (Minnesota Twins)

West

Jim Crane (Houston Astros) Arte Moreno
Arte Moreno
( Los Angeles Angels
Los Angeles Angels
of Anaheim) John J. Fisher (Oakland Athletics) John W. Stanton (Seattle Mariners) Ray Davis and Bob R. Simpson (Texas Rangers)

National League

East

Liberty Media
Liberty Media
( Atlanta
Atlanta
Braves) Bruce Sherman (Miami Marlins) Fred Wilpon (New York Mets) John S. Middleton (Philadelphia Phillies) Ted Lerner (Washington Nationals)

Central

Thomas S. Ricketts
Thomas S. Ricketts
(Chicago Cubs) Bob Castellini (Cincinnati Reds) Mark Attanasio
Mark Attanasio
(Milwaukee Brewers) Robert Nutting (Pittsburgh Pirates) William DeWitt, Jr.
William DeWitt, Jr.
(St. Louis Cardinals)

West

Ken Kendrick
Ken Kendrick
(Arizona Diamondbacks) Monfort brothers (Colorado Rockies) Guggenheim Baseball
Baseball
Management (Los Angeles Dodgers) Ron Fowler
Ron Fowler
(San Diego Padres) Larry Baer (San Francisco Giants)

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Sports teams based in Massachusetts

Australian rules football

USAFL Boston
Boston
Demons

Baseball

MLB Boston
Boston
Red Sox NYPL Lowell Spinners CCBL Bourne Braves Brewster Whitecaps Chatham Anglers Cotuit Kettleers Falmouth Commodores Harwich Mariners Hyannis Harbor Hawks Orleans Firebirds Wareham Gatemen Yarmouth–Dennis Red Sox FCBL Brockton Rox Martha's Vineyard Sharks North Shore Navigators Pittsfield Suns Wachusett Dirt Dawgs Worcester Bravehearts NECBL New Bedford Bay Sox North Adams SteepleCats Plymouth Pilgrims Valley Blue Sox

Basketball

NBA Boston
Boston
Celtics

Football

NFL New England
New England
Patriots NAL Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Pirates WFA Boston
Boston
Renegades

Hockey

NHL Boston
Boston
Bruins AHL Springfield Thunderbirds ECHL Worcester Railers NWHL Boston
Boston
Pride CWHL Boston
Boston
Blades

Lacrosse

MLL Boston
Boston
Cannons UWLX Boston
Boston
Storm

Roller derby

WFTDA Bay State Brawlers Roller Derby Boston
Boston
Roller Derby MRDA Pioneer Valley Roller Derby

Rugby league

USARL Boston
Boston
Thirteens Oneida FC

Rugby union

RSL Boston
Boston
RFC NERFU Boston
Boston
Irish Wolfhounds Mystic River South Shore Anchors

Soccer

MLS New England
New England
Revolution PDL FC Boston Western Mass Pioneers NPSL Boston
Boston
City FC Greater Lowell NPSL FC Champions Soccer League USA Greater Lowell United FC UWS New England
New England
Mutiny WPSL Boston
Boston
Breakers Academy Boston
Boston
Breakers Reserves Boston
Boston
Breakers U20 FC Stars FC Stars U23

Ultimate

Club Boston
Boston
Ironsides

College athletics (NCAA Division I)

AIC Yellow Jackets (ice hockey) Bentley Falcons (ice hockey) Boston
Boston
College Eagles Boston
Boston
University Terriers Harvard Crimson Holy Cross Crusaders UMass Minutemen and Minutewomen UMass Lowell River Hawks Merrimack Warriors (ice hockey) Northeastern Huskies

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City of Boston

Topics

Accent Annual events Arts Bibliography Culture Demographics Diplomatic missions Economy Education

Colleges and universities

Geography Historic Places

Northern Southern

History

Timeline

Media Nicknames People Politics Port Public Library Public Schools Sister cities Skyscrapers Songs Transportation

Attractions

Boston
Boston
Common Boston
Boston
Convention and Exhibition Center Boston
Boston
Irish Famine Memorial Boston
Boston
Tea Party Ships and Museum Bunker Hill Monument Faneuil Hall Fenway Park Franklin Park Zoo Freedom Trail Hynes Convention Center Institute of Contemporary Art Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Museum of Fine Arts Museum of Science New England
New England
Aquarium Old North Church Paul Revere House Symphony Hall TD Garden USS Constitution

Museum

Business districts

Back Bay Downtown Fenway–Kenmore Financial District Government Center Innovation district North End Route 128 corridor South End List of companies in Boston

Government

City council City Hall Elections Emergency Medical Services (EMS) FinComm Fire Housing (BHA) Mayor Police Boston
Boston
Planning and Development Agency

Neighborhoods

Allston–Brighton

Allston Brighton

Back Bay Bay Village Beacon Hill Downtown Boston

Financial District Government Center

Charlestown Chinatown Dorchester

Columbia Point South Bay

East Boston Fenway–Kenmore Harbor Islands Hyde Park

Readville

Jamaica Plain

Forest Hills

Leather District Mattapan Mission Hill

Longwood

North End Roslindale Roxbury

Fort Hill

South Boston

Fort Point

South End West End West Roxbury

Chestnut Hill

Sports

Boston
Boston
Bruins Boston
Boston
Celtics Boston
Boston
Red Sox New England
New England
Patriots New England
New England
Revolution

Suffolk County Boston-Cambridge Metro Massachusetts United States

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Fenway Sports Group

Based in Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Owners

John W. Henry Tom Werner

Sports teams

Boston
Boston
Red Sox (MLB) Liverpool F.C.
Liverpool F.C.
(Premier League) Roush Fenway Racing† (NASCAR) (50%) Salem Red Sox† (Carolina League)

Sports venues

Anfield Fenway Park

Sports channels

New England
New England
Sports Network (80%)

† - These properties are owned by NESV through the Fenway Sports Group subsidiary. All other listed properties are directly owned by NESV.

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Laureus Spirit of Sport Award
Laureus Spirit of Sport Award
winners

2005: Boston
Boston
Red Sox 2006: Valentino Rossi 2007: FC Barcelona 2008: Dick Pound 2009: No award 2010: No award 2011: European Ryder Cup Team 2012: No award 2013: No award 2014: Afghanistan national cricket team 2015: Yao Ming 2016: Johan Cruyff 2017: Leicester City F

.