The Info List - Bordeaux

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UNESCO World Heritage Site

Official name Bordeaux, Port of the Moon

Criteria Cultural: ii, iv

Reference 1256

Inscription 2007 (31st Session)

Area 1,731 ha

Buffer zone 11,974 ha

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

(French pronunciation: ​[bɔʁdo]; Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne
River in the Gironde
department in southwestern France. The municipality (commune) of Bordeaux
proper has a population of 246,586 (2014). Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Bordeaux
is the centre of the Bordeaux
Métropole. With 760,933 inhabitants (as of 2014[update]) and 1,195,335 in the metropolitan area, it is the sixth largest in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse
and Lille. It is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde
department. Its inhabitants are called "Bordelais" (for men) or "Bordelaises" (women). The term "Bordelais" may also refer to the city and its surrounding region. Bordeaux
is the world's major wine industry capital. It is home to the world's main wine fair, Vinexpo,[5] and the wine economy in the metro area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year. Bordeaux wine
Bordeaux wine
has been produced in the region since the 8th century. The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century.[6] After Paris, Bordeaux
has the highest number of preserved historical buildings of any city in France.[7]


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Economy

3.1 Wine 3.2 Others 3.3 Major companies

4 Population 5 Politics

5.1 Municipal administration 5.2 Mayors of Bordeaux

6 Education

6.1 University 6.2 Schools 6.3 Weekend education

7 Main sights

7.1 Buildings 7.2 Contemporary architecture 7.3 Museums 7.4 Parks and gardens 7.5 Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas 7.6 Shopping

8 Culture 9 Transport

9.1 Road 9.2 Rail 9.3 Air 9.4 Trams, buses and boats 9.5 Taxis 9.6 Bordeaux
Public Transportation Statistics

10 Sport 11 Notable People 12 International relationship

12.1 Twin towns and sister cities 12.2 Partnerships

13 See also 14 References 15 Bibliography 16 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Bordeaux

Coins of the Bituriges Vivisci, 5th–1st century BC, derived from the coin designs of Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul. Cabinet des Médailles.

In historical times, around 300 BC it was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala, probably of Aquitanian origin. The name Bourde is still the name of a river south of the city. In 107 BC, the Battle of Burdigala
Battle of Burdigala
was fought by the Romans who were defending the Allobroges, a Gallic tribe allied to Rome, and the Tigurini
led by Divico. The Romans were defeated and their commander, the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in the action. The city fell under Roman rule around 60 BC, its importance lying in the commerce of tin and lead towards Rome. Later it became capital of Roman Aquitaine, flourishing especially during the Severan dynasty (3rd century). In 276 it was sacked by the Vandals. Further ravage was brought by the same Vandals
in 409, the Visigoths
in 414 and the Franks
in 498, beginning a period of obscurity for the city.

Merovingian tremisses minted in Bordeaux
by the Church of Saint-Étienne, late 6th century. British Museum.

In the late 6th century, the city re-emerged as the seat of a county and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks, but royal Frankish power was never strong. The city started to play a regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. Around 585, a certain Gallactorius is cited as count of Bordeaux
and fighting the Basques. The city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732 after storming the fortified city and overwhelming the Aquitanian garrison. Duke Eudes mustered a force ready to engage the Umayyads outside Bordeaux, eventually taking on them in the Battle of the River Garonne somewhere near the river Dordogne, described as taking a heavy death toll. After Duke Eudes's defeat, the Aquitanian duke could still save part of its troops and keep his grip on Aquitaine
after the Battle of Poitiers. In 735, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion after his father Eudes's death, at which Charles responded by sending an expedition that captured and plundered Bordeaux
again, but it was not retained for long. The following year, the Frankish commander descended again over Aquitaine, but clashed in battle with the Aquitanians and left to take on hostile Burgundian authorities and magnates. In 745, Aquitaine faced yet another expedition by Charles' sons Pepin and Carloman against Hunald, the Aquitanian princeps (or duke) strong in Bordeaux. Hunald was defeated, and his son Waifer replaced him, who in turn confirmed Bordeaux
as the capital city (along with Bourges
in the north). During the last stage of the war against Aquitaine
(760–768), it was one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to King Pepin the Short's troops. Next to Bordeaux, Charlemagne built the fortress of Fronsac (Frontiacus, Franciacus) on a hill across the border with the Basques (Wascones), where Basque commanders came over to vow loyalty to him (769). In 778, Seguin (or Sihimin) was appointed count of Bordeaux, probably undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, and possibly leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass
Battle of Roncevaux Pass
that very year. In 814, Seguin was made Duke of Vasconia, but he was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress or sympathise with a Basque rebellion. Under the Carolingians, sometimes the Counts of Bordeaux
held the title concomitantly with that of Duke of Vasconia. They were meant to keep the Basques in check and defend the mouth of the Garonne
from the Vikings when the latter appeared c. 844 in the region of Bordeaux. In Autumn 845, count Seguin II marched on the Vikings assaulting Bordeaux
and Saintes, but was captured and put to death. No bishops were mentioned during the whole 8th century and part of the 9th in Bordeaux. From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux
regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine
with the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who became, within months of their wedding, King Henry II of England. The city flourished, primarily due to the wine trade, and the cathedral of St. André was built. It was also the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince
Edward, the Black Prince
(1362–1372), but in the end, after the Battle of Castillon
Battle of Castillon
(1453), it was annexed by France
which extended its territory. The Château Trompette (Trumpet Castle) and the Fort du Hâ, built by Charles VII of France, were the symbols of the new domination, which however deprived the city of its wealth by halting the wine commerce with England. In 1462, Bordeaux
obtained a parliament, but regained importance only in the 16th century when it became the centre of the distribution of sugar and slaves from the West Indies along with the traditional wine.[8] Bordeaux
adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France
only in 1653, when the army of Louis XIV entered the city.

Édouard Manet: Harbour at Bordeaux, 1871

Rue Sainte-Catherine in 1905

The 18th century was the golden age of Bordeaux. Many downtown buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this period. Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
found the town so beautiful he once said: "Take Versailles, add Antwerp, and you have Bordeaux". Baron Haussmann, a long-time prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th-century large-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor Napoleon III to transform a then still quasi-medieval Paris
into a "modern" capital that would make France
proud. In 1814, towards the end of the Peninsula war, the Duke of Wellington sent William Beresford with two divisions, who seized Bordeaux
without much resistance on 12 March. Bordeaux
was largely anti-Bonapartist and had a majority that supported the Bourbons, so the British troops were treated as liberators. In 1870, at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war
Franco-Prussian war
against Prussia, the French government temporarily relocated to Bordeaux
from Paris. This happened again during the First World War and again very briefly during the Second World War, when it became clear that Paris
would soon fall into German hands. However, on the last of these occasions the French capital was soon moved again to Vichy. In May and June 1940, Bordeaux
was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German Occupation. From 1940 to 1943, the Italian Royal Navy ( Regia Marina
Regia Marina
Italiana) established BETASOM, a submarine base at Bordeaux. Italian submarines participated in the Battle of the Atlantic
Battle of the Atlantic
from this base, which was also a major base for German U-boats as headquarters of 12th U-boat Flotilla. The massive, reinforced concrete U-boat
pens have proved impractical to demolish and are now partly used as a cultural center for exhibitions. Geography[edit] Bordeaux
is located close to the European Atlantic coast, in the southwest of France
and in the north of the Aquitaine
region. It is around 500 km (310 mi) southwest of Paris. The city is built on a bend of the river Garonne, and is divided into two parts: the right bank to the east and left bank in the west. Historically the left bank is more developed because when flowing outside the bend, the water makes a furrow of the required depth to allow the passing of merchant ships, which used to offload on this side of the river. But, today, the right bank is developing, including new urban projects. In Bordeaux, the Garonne
River is accessible to ocean liners. The right bank of the Garonne
is a low-lying, often marshy plain. Climate[edit] Bordeaux's climate is usually classified as an oceanic climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
Cfb); however, the summers tend to be warmer and the winters milder than most areas of similar classification. Substantial summer rainfall prevents its climate from being classified as Mediterranean. Winters are cool because of the prevalence of westerly winds from the Atlantic. Summers are warm and long due to the influence from the Bay of Biscay (surface temperature reaches 21 to 22 °C (70 to 72 °F). The average seasonal winter temperature is 7.1 °C (44.8 °F), but recent winters have been warmer than this. Frosts in the winter are commonplace, occurring several times during a winter, but snowfall is very rare, occurring only once every three years. The average summer seasonal temperature is 20.7 °C (69.3 °F). The summer of 2003 set a record with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).[9]

Climate data for Bordeaux-Mérignac (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1920–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.2 (68.4) 26.2 (79.2) 27.7 (81.9) 31.1 (88) 35.4 (95.7) 39.2 (102.6) 38.8 (101.8) 40.7 (105.3) 37.0 (98.6) 32.2 (90) 26.7 (80.1) 22.5 (72.5) 40.7 (105.3)

Average high °C (°F) 10.1 (50.2) 11.7 (53.1) 15.1 (59.2) 17.3 (63.1) 21.2 (70.2) 24.5 (76.1) 26.9 (80.4) 27.1 (80.8) 24.0 (75.2) 19.4 (66.9) 13.7 (56.7) 10.5 (50.9) 18.5 (65.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 7.5 (45.5) 10.2 (50.4) 12.3 (54.1) 16.1 (61) 19.3 (66.7) 21.3 (70.3) 21.4 (70.5) 18.5 (65.3) 14.9 (58.8) 9.9 (49.8) 7.2 (45) 13.8 (56.8)

Average low °C (°F) 3.1 (37.6) 3.3 (37.9) 5.4 (41.7) 7.4 (45.3) 11.0 (51.8) 14.1 (57.4) 15.8 (60.4) 15.7 (60.3) 12.9 (55.2) 10.4 (50.7) 6.1 (43) 3.8 (38.8) 9.1 (48.4)

Record low °C (°F) −16.4 (2.5) −15.2 (4.6) −9.9 (14.2) −5.3 (22.5) −1.8 (28.8) 2.5 (36.5) 4.8 (40.6) 1.5 (34.7) −1.8 (28.8) −5.3 (22.5) −12.3 (9.9) −13.4 (7.9) −16.4 (2.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 87.3 (3.437) 71.7 (2.823) 65.3 (2.571) 78.2 (3.079) 80.0 (3.15) 62.2 (2.449) 49.9 (1.965) 56.0 (2.205) 84.3 (3.319) 93.3 (3.673) 110.2 (4.339) 105.7 (4.161) 944.1 (37.169)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.2 10.1 11.0 11.9 10.9 8.3 7.1 7.5 9.2 11.0 12.6 12.4 124.3

Average snowy days 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.8 3.9

Average relative humidity (%) 88 84 78 76 77 76 75 76 79 85 87 88 80.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.0 114.9 169.7 182.1 217.4 238.7 248.5 242.3 202.7 147.2 94.4 81.8 2,035.4

Source #1: Météo France[10][11][12]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[13]

Economy[edit] Bordeaux
is a major centre for business in France
as it has the ninth largest metropolitan population in France. As of 2014[update], the GDP of Bordeaux
is €32.7 Billion. Wine[edit] Main article: Bordeaux

Sauternes vineyard

The vine was introduced to the Bordeaux
region by the Romans, probably in the mid-first century, to provide wine for local consumption, and wine production has been continuous in the region since.[14] Bordeaux
now has about 116,160 hectares (287,000 acres) of vineyards, 57 appellations, 10,000 wine-producing châteaux and 13,000 grape growers. With an annual production of approximately 960 million bottles,[15] Bordeaux
produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux
Official Classification of 1855: The first growths are:

Château Lafite-Rothschild Château Margaux Château Latour Château Haut-Brion Château Mouton-Rothschild

In 1855, Mouton-Rothschild was ranked a Second Growth. In 1973, it was elevated to First Growth status.[16]

Both red and white wines are made in Bordeaux. Red Bordeaux
is called claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère. White Bordeaux
is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem. Because of a wine glut (wine lake) in the generic production, the price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased significantly. In the meantime, the global demand for first growths and the most famous labels markedly increased and their prices skyrocketed. The Cité du Vin, a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine opened its doors in June 2016.[17] Others[edit] The Laser Mégajoule
Laser Mégajoule
will be one of the most powerful lasers in the world, allowing fundamental research and the development of the laser and plasma technologies. This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. The "Road of the lasers", a major project of regional planning, promotes regional investment in optical and laser related industries leading to the Bordeaux
area having the most important concentration of optical and laser expertise in Europe. Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. The Dassault Falcon private jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and Mirage 2000, the Airbus A380
Airbus A380
cockpit, the boosters of Ariane 5, and the M51 SLBM missile. Tourism, especially wine tourism, is a major industry. Globelink.co.uk mentioned Bordeaux
as the best tourist destination in Europe in 2015.[18] Access to the port from the Atlantic is via the Gironde
estuary. Almost nine million tonnes of goods arrive and leave each year. Major companies[edit] This list includes indigenous Bordeaux-based companies and companies that have major presence in Bordeaux, but are not necessarily headquartered there.

Arena Cdiscount Cultura Dassault EADS
composites EADS
Sogerma EADS
Space Transportation Ford Motor Company Lectra LU Marie Brizard McKesson Corporation Oxbow Ricard Sanofi Aventis Smurfit Kappa SNECMA SNPE Solectron Thales Group William Pitters

Population[edit] At the January 2011 census, there were 239,399 inhabitants in the city proper (commune) of Bordeaux. Bordeaux
in its hey day had a population of 262,662 in 1968.[19] The majority of the population is French, but there are sizable groups of Italians, Spaniards (Up to 20% of the Bordeaux
population claim some degree of Spanish heritage), Portuguese, Turks, Germans. https://www.citypopulation.de/php/france-gironde.php?cityid=33063. The built-up area has grown for more than a century beyond the municipal borders of Bordeaux
due to urban sprawl, so that by the January 2011 census there were 1,140,668 people living in the overall metropolitan area of Bordeaux,[4] only a fifth of whom lived in the city proper. Population change (See database)

1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851

104,676 91,652 92,219 89,202 99,062 98,705 104,686 125,520 130,927

1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896

149,928 162,750 194,241 194,055 215,140 221,305 240,582 252,415 256,906

1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954

256,638 251,947 261,678 267,409 256,026 262,990 258,348 253,751 257,946

1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2011 -

249,688 266,662 223,131 208,159 210,336 215,363 232,260 239,399 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006) · [20]

Population Over Time




































































































Sources - database Cassini of EHESS and Insee See database

Largest communities of foreigners :

 Portugal 10,709

 Morocco 7,215

 Algeria 4,770

 Spain 3,911

 Turkey 3,743

 UK 1,379

 Tunisia 1,366

 Senegal 1,126

 China 1,043

 Germany 922

 Belgium 902

 Italy 894

 Romania 885

 Republic of the Congo 841

Politics[edit] At the 2007 presidential election, the Bordelais gave 31.37% of their votes to Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
of the Socialist Party against 30.84% to Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the UMP. Then came Francois Bayrou
Francois Bayrou
with 22.01%, followed by Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen
who recorded 5.42%. None of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. Nationally, Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
led with 31.18%, then Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
with 25.87%, followed by François Bayrou with 18.57%. After these came Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen
with 10.44%, none of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. In the second round, the city of Bordeaux
gave Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
52.44% against 47.56% for Nicolas Sarkozy, the latter being elected President of the Republic with 53.06% against 46.94% for Ségolène Royal. The abstention rates for Bordeaux
were 14.52% in the first round and 15.90% in the second round. This is an earthquake in Bordeaux, a city deeply rooted right traditions[citation needed]. In the parliamentary elections of 2007, the left won eight constituencies against only three for the right. It should be added that after the partial 2008 elections, the eighth district of Gironde switched to the left, bringing the count to nine. In Bordeaux, the left was for the first time in its history the majority as it held two of three constituencies following the elections. In the first division of the Gironde, the outgoing UMP MP Chantal Bourragué
Chantal Bourragué
was well ahead with 44.81% against 25.39% for the Socialist candidate Beatrice Desaigues. In the second round, it was Chantal Bourragué
Chantal Bourragué
who was re-elected with 54.45% against 45.55% for his socialist opponent. In the second district of Gironde
the UMP mayor and all new Minister of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea Alain Juppé confronted the General Counsel PS Michèle Delaunay. In the first round, Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
was well ahead with 43.73% against 31.36% for Michèle Delaunay. In the second round, it was finally Michèle Delaunay who won the election with 50.93% of the votes against 49.07% for Alain Juppé, the margin being only 670 votes. The defeat of the so-called constituency "Mayor" showed that Bordeaux
was rocking increasingly left. Finally, in the third constituency of the Gironde, Noël Mamère was well ahead with 39.82% against 28.42% for the UMP candidate Elizabeth Vine. In the second round, Noël Mamère was re-elected with 62.82% against 37.18% for his right-wing rival. In 2008 municipal elections saw the clash between mayor of Bordeaux, Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
and the President of the Regional Council of Aquitaine Socialist Alain Rousset. The PS had put up a Socialist heavyweight in the Gironde
and had put great hopes in this election after the victory of Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal
and Michèle Delaunay
Michèle Delaunay
in 2007. However, after a rather exciting campaign it was Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
who was widely elected in the first round with 56.62%, far ahead of Alain Rousset
Alain Rousset
who has managed to get 34.14%. At present, of the eight cantons that has Bordeaux, five are held by the PS and three by the UMP, the left eating a little each time into the right's numbers. In the European elections of 2009, Bordeaux
voters largely voted for the UMP candidate Dominique Baudis, who won 31.54% against 15.00% for PS candidate Kader Arif. The candidate of Europe Ecology José Bové came second with 22.34%. None of the other candidates reached the 10% mark. The 2009 European elections were like the previous ones in eight constituencies. Bordeaux
is located in the district "Southwest", here are the results: UMP candidate Dominique Baudis: 26.89%. His party gained four seats. PS candidate Kader Arif: 17.79%, gaining two seats in the European Parliament. Europe Ecology candidate Bove: 15.83%, obtaining two seats. MoDem candidate Robert Rochefort: 8.61%, winning a seat. Left Front candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon: 8.16%, gaining the last seat. At regional elections in 2010, the Socialist incumbent president Alain Rousset won the first round by totaling 35.19% in Bordeaux, but this score was lower than the plan for Gironde
and Aquitaine. Xavier Darcos, Minister of Labour followed with 28.40% of the votes, scoring above the regional and departmental average. Then came Monique De Marco, Green candidate with 13.40%, followed by the member of Pyrenees-Atlantiques and candidate of the MoDem Jean Lassalle who registered a low 6.78% while qualifying to the second round on the whole Aquitaine, closely followed by Jacques Colombier, candidate of the National Front, who gained 6.48%. Finally the candidate of the Left Front Gérard Boulanger with 5.64%, no other candidate above the 5% mark. In the second round, Alain Rousset
Alain Rousset
had a tidal wave win as national totals rose to 55.83%. If Xavier Darcos largely lost the election, he nevertheless achieved a score above the regional and departmental average obtaining 33.40%. Jean Lassalle, who qualified for the second round, passed the 10% mark by totaling 10.77%. The ballot was marked by abstention amounting to 55.51% in the first round and 53.59% in the second round. Only candidates obtaining more than 5% are listed

2007 Presidential Election[21]

Candidate Ist round IInd round

Bordeaux National Bordeaux National

Nicolas Sarkozy 30.84% 31.18% 47.56% 53.06%

Ségolène Royal 31.37% 25.87% 52.44% 46.94%

François Bayrou 22.01% 18.57%

Jean-Marie Le Pen 5.42% 10.44%

Total votes 85.48% 83.77% 84.10% 83.97%

2012 Presidential Election[22]

Candidate Ist round IInd round

Bordeaux National Bordeaux National

François Hollande 33.05% 28.63% 57.18% 51.64%

Nicolas Sarkozy 28.68% 27.18% 42.82% 48.36%

Jean-Luc Mélenchon 12.16% 11.10%

François Bayrou 10.91% 9.13%

Marine Le Pen 8.22% 17.90%

Total votes 79.25% 79.48% 80.44% 80.35%

Municipal administration[edit] The Mayor of the city is Alain Juppé. Virginie Calmels
Virginie Calmels
is Deputy Mayor of Bordeaux
in charge of the Economy, Employment and Sustainable Growth and Vice-President of the Urban Community of Bordeaux.[23] Bordeaux
is the capital of five cantons and the Prefecture of the Gironde
and Aquitaine. The town is divided into three districts, the first three of Gironde. The headquarters of Urban Community of Bordeaux
Urban Community of Bordeaux
Mériadeck is located in the neighbourhood and the city is at the head of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry that bears his name. The number of inhabitants of Bordeaux
is greater than 199,999 and less than 250,000 and so the number of municipal councilors is 61. They are divided according to the following composition:

Party President Seats Status

LR – Nouveau Centre
Nouveau Centre
– Modem Hugues Martin 50 majority

PS – Verts – PCF Matthieu Rouveyre 11 opposition

Mayors of Bordeaux[edit] Since 1947, there have been 3 mayors of Bordeaux:

1947–1995 Jacques Chaban-Delmas RPR

1995–2004 Alain Juppé RPR/UMP

2004–2006 Hugues Martin UMP

2006–present Alain Juppé UMP/LR

RPR was renamed to UMP in 2002 which was later renamed to Les Republicains in 2015

Education[edit] University[edit] Main article: University of Bordeaux The university was created by the archbishop Pey Berland
Pey Berland
in 1441 and was abolished in 1793, during the French Revolution, before reappearing in 1808 with Napoleon I. Bordeaux
accommodates approximately 70,000 students on one of the largest campuses of Europe (235 ha).[24] The University of Bordeaux is divided into four:

The University Bordeaux
1, (Maths, Physical sciences and Technologies), 10,693 students in 2002 The University Bordeaux
2, Bordeaux
Segalen (Medicine and Life sciences), 15,038 students in 2002 The University Bordeaux
3, Michel de Montaigne
Michel de Montaigne
(Liberal Arts, Humanities, Languages, History), 14,785 students in 2002 The University Bordeaux
4, Montesquieu (Law, Economy and Management), 12,556 students in 2002 Institut of Political Sciences of Bordeaux. Although technically a part of the fourth university, it largely functions autonomously.

Schools[edit] Bordeaux
has numerous public and private schools offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Engineering schools:

Arts et Métiers ParisTech, graduate school of industrial and mechanical engineering ESME-Sudria, graduate school of engineering École d'ingénieurs en modélisation mathématique et mécanique École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB-MATMECA) École supérieure de technologie des biomolécules de Bordeaux École nationale d'ingénieurs des travaux agricoles de Bordeaux École nationale supérieure de chimie et physique de Bordeaux École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies Institut des sciences et techniques des aliments de Bordeaux Institut de cognitique École supérieure d'informatique École privée des sciences informatiques

Business and management schools:

The Bordeaux
MBA (International College of Bordeaux) IUT Techniques de Commercialisation of Bordeaux
(Business School) INSEEC
Business School (Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales) KEDGE Business School
KEDGE Business School
(former BEM – Bordeaux
Management School) Vatel Bordeaux
International Business School E-Artsup Institut supérieur européen de gestion group Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action


École nationale de la magistrature (National school for Magistrate) École d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux École des beaux-arts de Bordeaux École française des attachés de presse et des professionels de la communication (EFAP) Conservatoire national des arts et métiers d' Aquitaine
(CNAM) École des Avocats ALIENOR de Bordeaux
(Lawyer school)

Weekend education[edit] The École Compleméntaire Japonaise de Bordeaux (ボルドー日本語補習授業校 Borudō Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Salle de L'Athenee Municipal in Bordeaux.[25] Main sights[edit]

Porte Cailhau

Column of the Girondins
on the Esplanade des Quinconces

The church of St Pierre

Façade of the Church of the Holy Cross

Place de la Bourse
Place de la Bourse
at night with the Miroir d'eau
Miroir d'eau
and tram

Rue Sainte-Catherine

Church of Notre Dame

is classified "City of Art and History". The city is home to 362 monuments historiques (only Paris
has more in France) with some buildings dating back to Roman times. Bordeaux
has been inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble". Bordeaux
is home to one of Europe's biggest 18th-century architectural urban areas, making it a sought-after destination for tourists and cinema production crews. It stands out as one of the first French cities, after Nancy, to have entered an era of urbanism and metropolitan big scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King Louis XV, under the supervision of two intendants (Governors), first Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur then the Marquis de Tourny. Buildings[edit] Main sights include:

Place des Quinconces, the largest square in France. Monument aux Girondins Grand Théâtre, a large neoclassical theater built in the 18th century. Allées de Tourny Cours de l'Intendance Place du Chapelet Place de la Bourse(1730–1775), designed by the Royal architect Jacques Ange Gabriel as landscape for an equestrian statue of Louis XV. Place du Parlement Place Saint-Pierre Pont de pierre Saint-André Cathedral, consecrated by Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II
in 1096. Of the Original Romanesque edifice only a wall in the nave remain. The Royal Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th and 15th centuries. Tour Pey-Berland
Tour Pey-Berland
(1440–1450), a massive, quadrangular gothic tower annexed to the cathedral. Église Sainte-Croix
Église Sainte-Croix
(Church of the Holy Cross). It lies on the site of a 7th-century abbey destroyed by the Saracens. Rebuilt under the Carolingians, it was again destroyed by the Normans in 845 and 864. It is annexed to a Benedictine abbey founded in the 7th century, and was built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries. The façade is in Romanesque style The gothic Basilica of Saint Michael, constructed between the end of the 14th century and the 16th century. Basilica of Saint-Seurin, the most ancient church in Bordeaux. It was built in the early 6th century on the site of a palaeochristian necropolis. It has an 11th-century portico, while the apse and transept are from the following century. The 13th-century nave has chapels from the 11th and the 14th centuries. The ancient crypt houses sepulchres of the Merovingian family. Église Saint-Pierre, gothic church Église Saint-Éloi, gothic church Église Saint-Bruno, baroque church decorated with frescoes Église Notre-Dame, baroque church Église Saint-Paul-Saint-François-Xavier, baroque church Palais Rohan (Exterior:[26]) Palais Gallien, the remains of a late 2nd-century Roman amphitheatre Porte Cailhau, a medieval gate of the old city walls. La Grosse Cloche (15th century), the second remaining gate of the Medieval walls. It was the belfry of the old Town Hall. It consists of two 40-metre-high (131-foot) circular towers and a central bell tower housing a bell weighing 7,800 kilograms (17,200 lb). The watch is from 1759. Rue Sainte-Catherine, the longest Pedestrian street of France The BETASOM
submarine base

Saint-André Cathedral, Saint-Michel Basilica and Saint-Seurin Basilica are part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. Contemporary architecture[edit]

Fire Station, la Benauge, Claude Ferret/Adrien Courtois/Yves Salier, 1951–1954 Court of first instance, Richard Rogers, 1998 CTBA, wood and furniture research center, A. Loisier, 1998 Hangar 14 on the Quai des Chartrons, 1999 The Management Science faculty on the Bastide, Anne Lacaton/Jean-Philippe Vassal, 2006 The Jardin botanique de la Bastide, Catherine Mosbach/Françoise Hélène Jourda/Pascal Convert, 2007 The Nuyens School complex on the Bastide, Yves Ballot/Nathalie Franck, 2007 Seeko'o Hotel on the Quai des Chartrons, King Kong architects, 2007


Musée des Beaux Arts (Fine arts museum), one of the finest painting galleries in France
with paintings by painter such as Tiziano, Veronese, Rubens, Van Dyck, Frans Hals, Claude, Chardin, Delacroix, Renoir, Seurat, Matisse
and Picasso. Musée d' Aquitaine
(archeological and history museum) Musée du Vin et du Négoce (museum of the wine trade) Musée des Arts Décoratifs (museum of decorative arts) Musée d'Histoire Naturelle (natural history museum) CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux
CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux
(contemporary art museum) Musée national des douanes Vinorama Musée Goupil Casa de Goya Cap Sciences Centre Jean Moulin

Parks and gardens[edit]

Jardin botanique de Bordeaux Jardin botanique de la Bastide La Maison des Chameaux (Camel Park)

"Le Jardin Public" is a park in the heart of the city. Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas[edit] Europe’s longest-span vertical-lift bridge, the Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas, was opened in 2013 in Bordeaux, spanning the River Garonne. The central lift span is 117-metre-long (384-foot) and can be lifted vertically up to 53 metres (174 feet) to let tall ships pass underneath. The €160 million bridge was inaugurated by President François Hollande
François Hollande
and Mayor Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
on 16 March 2013. The bridge was named after the late Jacques Chaban-Delmas, who was a former Prime Minister and Mayor of Bordeaux. Shopping[edit] Bordeaux
has many shopping options. In the heart of Bordeaux
is Rue Sainte-Catherine. This pedestrian-only shopping street has 1.2 kilometers (0.75 mi) of shops, restaurants and cafés; it is also one of the longest shopping streets in Europe. Rue Sainte-Catherine starts at Place de la Victoire and ends at Place de la Comédie by the Grand Théâtre. The shops become progressively more upmarket as one moves towards Place de la Comédie and the nearby Cours de l'Intendance is where one finds the more exclusive shops and boutiques. Culture[edit]

Grand Théâtre

is also the first city in France
to have created, in the 1980s, an architecture exhibition and research centre, Arc en rêve.[citation needed] Bordeaux
offers a large number of cinemas, theatres, and is the home of the Opéra national de Bordeaux. There are many music venues of varying capacity. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year. Transport[edit] Road[edit] Bordeaux
is an important road and motorway junction. The city is connected to Paris
by the A10 motorway, with Lyon
by the A89, with Toulouse
by the A62, and with Spain
by the A63. There is a 45 km (28 mi) ring road called the "Rocade" which is often very busy. Another ring road is under consideration.


has five road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont de pierre built in the 1820s and three modern bridges built after 1960: the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de pierre (both located downtown), the Pont d'Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of downtown. These two bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux. A fifth bridge, the Pont Jacques-Chaban-Delmas, was constructed in 2009–2012 and opened to traffic in March 2013. Located halfway between the Pont de pierre and the Pont d' Aquitaine
and serving downtown rather than highway traffic, it is a vertical-lift bridge with a height comparable to the Pont de pierre in closed position, and to the Pont d' Aquitaine
in open position. All five road bridges, including the two highway bridges, are open to cyclists and pedestrians as well. Another bridge, the Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc, is to be built in 2018.[27] Lacking any steep hills, Bordeaux
is relatively friendly to cyclists. Cycle paths (separate from the roadways) exist on the highway bridges, along the riverfront, on the university campuses, and incidentally elsewhere in the city. Cycle lanes and bus lanes that explicitly allow cyclists exist on many of the city's boulevards. A paid Bicycle sharing system with automated stations has been established in 2010. Rail[edit] The main railway station, Gare de Bordeaux
Saint-Jean, near the center of the city, has 12 million passengers a year. It is served by the French national (SNCF) railway's high speed train, the TGV, that gets to Paris
in two hours, with connections to major European centers such as Lille, Brussels, Amsterdam, Cologne, Geneva and London. The TGV
also serves Toulouse
and Irun
(Spain) from Bordeaux. A regular train service is provided to Nantes, Nice, Marseille
and Lyon. The Gare Saint-Jean is the major hub for regional trains (TER) operated by the SNCF
to Arcachon, Limoges, Agen, Périgueux, Langon, Pau, Le Médoc, Angoulême
and Bayonne. Historically the train line used to terminate at a station on the right bank of the river Garonne
near the Pont de Pierre, and passengers crossed the bridge to get into the city. Subsequently, a double-track steel railway bridge was constructed in the 1850s, by Gustave Eiffel, to bring trains across the river direct into Gare de Bordeaux
Saint-Jean. The old station was later converted and in 2010 comprised a cinema and restaurants. The two-track Eiffel bridge with a speed limit of 30 km/h (19 mph) became a bottleneck and a new bridge was built, opening in 2009. The new bridge has 4 tracks and allows trains to pass at 60 km/h (37 mph).[28] During the planning there was much lobbying by the Eiffel family and other supporters to preserve the old bridge as a footbridge across the Garonne, with possibly a museum to document the history of the bridge and Gustave Eiffel's contribution. The decision was taken to save the bridge, but by early 2010 no plans had been announced as to its future use. The bridge remains intact, but unused and without any means of access. Since July 2017, the LGV Sud Europe Atlantique
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique
is fully operational and makes Bordeaux
city 2h04 from Paris. Air[edit] Bordeaux
is served by Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport, located 8 km (5.0 mi) from the city center in the suburban city of Mérignac.

Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport

Trams, buses and boats[edit]

Tramway in Bordeaux

has an important public transport system called Transports Bordeaux Métropole
Bordeaux Métropole
(TBM). This company is run by the Keolis group. The network consists of:

3 tram lines (A, B and C) 75 bus routes, all connected to the tramway network (from 1 to 96) 13 night bus routes (from 1 to 16) An electric bus shuttle in the city center A boat shuttle on the Garonne

This network is operated from 5 am to 2 am. There had been several plans for a subway network to be set up, but they stalled for both geological and financial reasons. Work on the Tramway de Bordeaux
Tramway de Bordeaux
system was started in the autumn of 2000, and services started in December 2003 connecting Bordeaux
with its suburban areas. The tram system uses ground-level power supply technology (APS), a new cable-free technology developed by French company Alstom
and designed to preserve the aesthetic environment by eliminating overhead cables in the historic city. Conventional overhead cables are used outside the city. The system was controversial for its considerable cost of installation, maintenance and also for the numerous initial technical problems that paralysed the network. Many streets and squares along the tramway route became pedestrian areas, with limited access for cars. Taxis[edit] There are more than 400 taxicabs in Bordeaux. Bordeaux
Public Transportation Statistics[edit] The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bordeaux, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 51 min. 12.% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 13 min, while 15.5% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 km, while 8% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.[29] Sport[edit]

Entrance to the Stade Chaban-Delmas

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The 42,115-capacity Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
is the largest stadium in Bordeaux. The stadium was opened in 2015 and replaced the Stade Chaban-Delmas, which was a venue for the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
in 1938 and 1998, as well as the 2007 Rugby World Cup. In the 1938 FIFA World Cup, it hosted a violent quarter-final known as the Battle of Bordeaux. The ground was formerly known as the Stade du Parc Lescure until 2001, when it was renamed in honour of the city's long-time mayor, Jacques Chaban-Delmas. There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux, Girondins
de Bordeaux
is the football team, playing in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
in the French football championship. Union Bordeaux Bègles
Union Bordeaux Bègles
is a rugby team in the Top 14
Top 14
in the Ligue Nationale de Rugby. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city. Bordeaux
is home to a beautiful quay which runs along the Garonne river. On the quay there is a skate-park divided into three sections. One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer materials. The skate-park is very well maintained by the municipality. Bordeaux
is also the home to one of the strongest cricket teams in France
and are champions of the South West League. There is a 250 m (820 ft) wooden velodrome, Vélodrome du Lac, in Bordeaux
which hosts international cycling competition in the form of UCI Track Cycling World Cup events. The 2015 Trophee Eric Bompard was in Bordeaux. But the Free Skate was cancelled in all of the divisions due to the Paris
bombing(s) and aftermath. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. French skaters Chafik Besseghier (68.36) in 10th place, Romain Ponsart (62.86) in 11th. Mae-Berenice-Meite (46.82) in 11th and Laurine Lecavelier (46.53) in 12th. Vanessa James/Morgan Cipres (65.75) in 2nd. Notable People[edit]

Michel de Montaigne

Jean Alaux
Jean Alaux
(1786–1864), painter Bertrand Andrieu
Bertrand Andrieu
(1761–1822), engraver Jean Anouilh
Jean Anouilh
(1910–1987), dramatist Yvonne Arnaud
Yvonne Arnaud
(1892–1958), pianist, singer and actress Decimus Magnus Ausonius
(c. 310–395), Roman poet and rhetorician Floyd Ayité, (born 1988), Togolese footballer Jonathan Ayité, (born 1985), Togolese footballer Christine Barbe, winemaker Gérard Bayo (born 1936), writer and poet, François Bigot (1703–1778), last "Intendant" of New France Grégory Bourdy, (born 1982), golfer Samuel Boutal, (born 1969), footballer Edmond de Caillou (died c. February 1316) Gascon knight fighting in Scotland Gérald Caussé, Presiding Bishop of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints René Clément
René Clément
(1913–1996), actor, director, writer Jean-René Cruchet
Jean-René Cruchet
(1875–1959), pathologist Damia (1899–1978), singer and actress Étienne Noël Damilaville
Étienne Noël Damilaville
(1723–1768), encyclopédiste Lili Damita
Lili Damita
(1901–1994), actress Frédéric Daquin, (born 1978), footballer Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(born 1917), actress Bernard Delvaille (1931–2006), poet, essayist David Diop, (1927–1960), poet Jean-Francois Domergue, footballer Jacques Ellul
Jacques Ellul
(1912–1994), sociologist, theologian, Christian anarchist Marie Fel
Marie Fel
(1713–1794), opera singer Jean-Luc Fournet (1965), papyrologist Pierre-Jean Garat
Pierre-Jean Garat
(1762–1823), singer Armand Gensonné
Armand Gensonné
(1758–1793), politician Stephen Girard
Stephen Girard
(1750–1831), merchant, banker, and Philadelphia philanthropist Jérôme Gnako, (born 1968), footballer Eugène Goossens (1867–1958), conductor, violinist Léopold Lafleurance (1865–1953), flautist Joseph Henri Joachim Lainé
Joseph Henri Joachim Lainé
(1767–1835), statesman Lucenzo
(born 1983), singer Jean-Jacques Magendie (1766–1835), officer François Magendie
François Magendie
(1783–1855), physiologist Bruno Marie-Rose, (born 1965), athlete (sprinter) François Mauriac
François Mauriac
(1885–1970), writer, Nobel laureate 1952 Édouard Molinaro
Édouard Molinaro
(1928–2013), film director, screenwriter Michel de Montaigne
Michel de Montaigne
(1533–1592), essayist Olivier Mony (1966–), writer and literary critic Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty
Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty
(1768–1815), general Pierre Palmade
Pierre Palmade
(born 1968), actor and comedian St. Paulinus of Nola
Paulinus of Nola
(354–431), educator, religious figure Émile Péreire
Émile Péreire
(1800–1875), banker and industrialist Albert Pitres
Albert Pitres
(1848–1928), neurologist Georges Antoine Pons Rayet (1839–1906), astronomer, discoverer of the Wolf-Rayet stars, & founder of the Bordeaux
Observatory Odilon Redon, (1840–1916), painter Richard II of England
Richard II of England
(1367–1400), king Pierre Rode
Pierre Rode
(1774–1830), violinist Olinde Rodrigues
Olinde Rodrigues
(1795–1851), mathematician, banker and social reformer Marie-Sabine Roger
Marie-Sabine Roger
(born 1957), writer Bernard Sarrette
Bernard Sarrette
(1765–1858), conductor and music pedagogue Jean-Jacques Sempé
Jean-Jacques Sempé
(born 1932), cartoonist Florent Serra, (born 1981), tennis player Philippe Sollers, (born 1936), writer Wilfried Tekovi, (born 1989), Togolese footballer Kap Bambino, group Arnaud Binard, (born 1971), actor and producer

International relationship[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Alain Juppé, Mayor of Bordeaux, visiting the twin town of Ashdod.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Bordeaux
is twinned with:[30][31][32]

Ashdod, Israel, since 1984[30][31] Bilbao, Spain[30][31] Baku, Azerbaijan, since 1985[31][33] Bristol, United Kingdom, since 1947[30][31][34][35] Casablanca, Morocco, since 1988[30][31] Fukuoka, Japan, since 1982[30][31] Lima, Peru, since 1957[30][31] Los Angeles, United States, since 1968[30][31][36] Madrid, Spain, since 1984[30][31] Munich, Germany, since 1964[30][31][37] Oran, Algeria, since 2003[30][31] Porto, Portugal, since 1978[30][31][38] Quebec City, Canada, since 1962[30][31] Riga, Latvia[30][31][39] Saint Petersburg, Russia, since 1993[30][31][40] Wuhan, China, since 1998[30][31] Zahlé, Lebanon, since 2006[31]


Kraków, Poland, since 1993[30][31][41] Samsun, Turkey, since 2010[31][42]

See also[edit]

Bordeaux wine
Bordeaux wine
regions Bordeaux–Paris, a former professional road bicycle racing The Burdigalian Age of the Miocene
Epoch is named for Bordeaux Canelé, a local pastry Communes of the Gironde
department Dogue de Bordeaux, a breed of dog originally bred for dog fighting French wine List of mayors of Bordeaux Operation Frankton, a British Combined Operations raid on shipping in the harbour at Bordeaux, in December 1942, during World War II Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bordeaux Girondins Atlantic history Triangular trade History of slavery



^ " Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
élu officiellement maire par les conseillers, ce vendredi" [Alain Juppe officially elected mayor by the councillors", 28 March 2014]. 20minutes.fr (in French). [dead link] ^ http://www.bordeaux.fr/p287/bordeaux-en-chiffres.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Unité urbaine 2010 de Bordeaux
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(4th ed.). London: Octopus Publishing Group Ltd. p. 13.  ^ " Bordeaux
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Bible. New York, NY: Workman. ^ "Bordeaux : la Cité du vin cernée par les chantiers" (in French). 19 February 2016.  ^ "3 Best Places to Retire in France". Globelink.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.  ^ "Taille des communes les plus peuplées en 2012". INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015.  ^ Census of population on 1 January 2006 on the site of Insee. ^ Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2007 à Bordeaux
sur le site du ministère de l'intérieur. ^ Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2012 à Bordeaux
sur le site du ministère de l'intérieur. ^ "ASSYSTEM : Virginie Calmels
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Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Bordeaux External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bordeaux.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bordeaux.

Bordeaux : the world capital of wine – Official French website (in English) Bordeaux
city council website Tourist office website Phonebook of Bordeaux Bordeaux
submarine base : history, description, photos Official Girondins
de Bordeaux
website Sciences Po Bordeaux Tram and bus maps and schedules Bordeaux
official website Map & City guide website German submarine base in Bordeaux

v t e

Higher education in Bordeaux


University of Bordeaux


1 Bordeaux
2 Bordeaux
3 Bordeaux

Engineering grandes écoles

Sciences Agro Arts et Métiers ParisTech IPB



Business schools

BEM Management School INSEEC ISEG


École nationale de l'aviation civile École nationale de la magistrature École nationale supérieure d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux EPITECH E-Artsup Sciences Po

v t e


Ambarès-et-Lagrave Ambès Artigues-près-Bordeaux Bassens Bègles Blanquefort Bordeaux Bouliac Le Bouscat Bruges Carbon-Blanc Cenon Eysines Floirac Gradignan Le Haillan Lormont Martignas-sur-Jalle Mérignac Parempuyre Pessac Saint-Aubin-de-Médoc Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand Saint-Médard-en-Jalles Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Le Taillan-Médoc Talence Villenave-d'Ornon

v t e

World Heritage Sites in France


Palace and Park of Versailles Fontainebleau Palace and Park Paris: Banks of the Seine Provins

Parisian basin

Cathedral Belfries of Belgium
and France1 Bourges
Cathedral Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars Chartres
Cathedral Climats and terroirs of Burgundy Reims: Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Abbey of Saint-Remi, Palace of Tau Abbey of Fontenay Le Havre Vézelay Church and hill


Belfries of Belgium
and France1 Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin


Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains
and Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans Nancy: Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance Strasbourg: Grande Île, Neustadt Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3


Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe Mont Saint-Michel
Mont Saint-Michel
and its bay

South West

Episcopal city, Albi Port of the Moon, Bordeaux Prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the Vézère valley Pyrénées – Mont Perdu2 Saint-Émilion

Centre East

Chauvet Cave Lyon


Roman and Romanesque monuments, Arles Carcassonne
citadel Gulf of Porto: Calanches de Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble, Avignon
Bridge Pont du Gard Orange: Roman Theatre and environs, Triumphal Arch

Multiple regions

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier Canal du Midi Fortifications of Vauban Loire Valley
Loire Valley
between Sully-sur-Loire
and Chalonnes-sur-Loire Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France

Overseas departments and territories

Lagoons of New Caledonia Pitons, cirques and remparts of Réunion Taputapuātea

1Shared locally with other region/s and with Belgium 2Shared with Spain 3Shared with Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland

v t e

Communes of the Gironde

Abzac Aillas Ambarès-et-Lagrave Ambès Andernos-les-Bains Anglade Arbanats Arbis Arcachon Arcins Arès Arsac Les Artigues-de-Lussac Artigues-près-Bordeaux Arveyres Asques Aubiac Audenge Auriolles Auros Avensan Ayguemorte-les-Graves Bagas Baigneaux Balizac Barie Baron Le Barp Barsac Bassanne Bassens Baurech Bayas Bayon-sur-Gironde Bazas Beautiran Bégadan Bègles Béguey Belin-Béliet Bellebat Bellefond Belvès-de-Castillon Bernos-Beaulac Berson Berthez Beychac-et-Caillau Bieujac Biganos Les Billaux Birac Blaignac Blaignan Blanquefort Blasimon Blaye Blésignac Bommes Bonnetan Bonzac Bordeaux Bossugan Bouliac Bourdelles Bourg Bourideys Le Bouscat Brach Branne Brannens Braud-et-Saint-Louis La Brède Brouqueyran Bruges Budos Cabanac-et-Villagrains Cabara Cadarsac Cadaujac Cadillac Cadillac-en-Fronsadais Camarsac Cambes Camblanes-et-Meynac Camiac-et-Saint-Denis Camiran Camps-sur-l'Isle Campugnan Canéjan Cantois Capian Caplong Captieux Carbon-Blanc Carcans Cardan Carignan-de-Bordeaux Cars Cartelègue Casseuil Castelmoron-d'Albret Castelnau-de-Médoc Castelviel Castets et Castillon Castillon-la-Bataille Castres-Gironde Caudrot Caumont Cauvignac Cavignac Cazalis Cazats Cazaugitat Cénac Cenon Cérons Cessac Cestas Cézac Chamadelle Cissac-Médoc Civrac-de-Blaye Civrac-en-Médoc Civrac-sur-Dordogne Cleyrac Coimères Coirac Comps Coubeyrac Couquèques Courpiac Cours-de-Monségur Cours-les-Bains Coutras Coutures Créon Croignon Cubnezais Cubzac-les-Ponts Cudos Cursan Cussac-Fort-Médoc Daignac Dardenac Daubèze Dieulivol Donnezac Donzac Doulezon Les Églisottes-et-Chalaures Escaudes Escoussans Espiet Les Esseintes Étauliers Eynesse Eyrans Eysines Faleyras Fargues Fargues-Saint-Hilaire Le Fieu Flaujagues Floirac Floudès Fontet Fossès-et-Baleyssac Fours Francs Fronsac Frontenac Gabarnac Gaillan-en-Médoc Gajac Galgon Gans Gardegan-et-Tourtirac Gauriac Gauriaguet Générac Génissac Gensac Gironde-sur-Dropt Giscos Gornac Goualade Gours Gradignan Grayan-et-l'Hôpital Grézillac Grignols Guillac Guillos Guîtres Gujan-Mestras Le Haillan Haux Hostens Hourtin Hure Illats Isle-Saint-Georges Izon Jau-Dignac-et-Loirac Jugazan Juillac Labarde Labescau Lacanau Ladaux Lados Lagorce Lalande-de-Pomerol Lamarque Lamothe-Landerron La Lande-de-Fronsac Landerrouat Landerrouet-sur-Ségur Landiras Langoiran Langon Lansac Lanton Lapouyade Laroque Lartigue Laruscade Latresne Lavazan Lège-Cap-Ferret Léogeats Léognan Lerm-et-Musset Lesparre-Médoc Lestiac-sur-Garonne Les Lèves-et-Thoumeyragues Libourne Lignan-de-Bazas Lignan-de-Bordeaux Ligueux Listrac-de-Durèze Listrac-Médoc Lormont Loubens Louchats Loupes Loupiac Loupiac-de-la-Réole Lucmau Ludon-Médoc Lugaignac Lugasson Lugon-et-l'Île-du-Carnay Lugos Lussac Macau Madirac Maransin Marcenais Marcheprime Marcillac Margaux-Cantenac Margueron Marimbault Marions Marsas Martignas-sur-Jalle Martillac Martres Masseilles Massugas Mauriac Mazères Mazion Mérignac Mérignas Mesterrieux Mios Mombrier Mongauzy Monprimblanc Monségur Montagne Montagoudin Montignac Montussan Morizès Mouillac Mouliets-et-Villemartin Moulis-en-Médoc Moulon Mourens Naujac-sur-Mer Naujan-et-Postiac Néac Nérigean Neuffons Le Nizan Noaillac Noaillan Omet Ordonnac Origne Paillet Parempuyre Pauillac Les Peintures Pellegrue Périssac Pessac Pessac-sur-Dordogne Petit-Palais-et-Cornemps Peujard Le Pian-Médoc Le Pian-sur-Garonne Pineuilh Plassac Pleine-Selve Podensac Pomerol Pompéjac Pompignac Pondaurat Porchères Le Porge Portets Le Pout Préchac Preignac Prignac-en-Médoc Prignac-et-Marcamps Pugnac Puisseguin Pujols Pujols-sur-Ciron Le Puy Puybarban Puynormand Queyrac Quinsac Rauzan Reignac La Réole Rimons Riocaud Rions La Rivière Roaillan Romagne Roquebrune La Roquille Ruch Sablons Sadirac Saillans Saint-Aignan Saint-André-de-Cubzac Saint-André-du-Bois Saint-André-et-Appelles Saint-Androny Saint-Antoine-du-Queyret Saint-Antoine-sur-l'Isle Saint-Aubin-de-Blaye Saint-Aubin-de-Branne Saint-Aubin-de-Médoc Saint-Avit-de-Soulège Saint-Avit-Saint-Nazaire Saint-Brice Saint-Caprais-de-Blaye Saint-Caprais-de-Bordeaux Saint-Christoly-de-Blaye Saint-Christoly-Médoc Saint-Christophe-de-Double Saint-Christophe-des-Bardes Saint-Cibard Saint-Ciers-d'Abzac Saint-Ciers-de-Canesse Saint-Ciers-sur-Gironde Saint-Côme Saint-Denis-de-Pile Sainte-Colombe Sainte-Croix-du-Mont Sainte-Eulalie Sainte-Florence Sainte-Foy-la-Grande Sainte-Foy-la-Longue Sainte-Gemme Sainte-Hélène Saint-Émilion Sainte-Radegonde Saint-Estèphe Sainte-Terre Saint-Étienne-de-Lisse Saint-Exupéry Saint-Félix-de-Foncaude Saint-Ferme Saint-Genès-de-Blaye Saint-Genès-de-Castillon Saint-Genès-de-Fronsac Saint-Genès-de-Lombaud Saint-Genis-du-Bois Saint-Germain-de-Grave Saint-Germain-de-la-Rivière Saint-Germain-d'Esteuil Saint-Germain-du-Puch Saint-Gervais Saint-Girons-d'Aiguevives Saint-Hilaire-de-la-Noaille Saint-Hilaire-du-Bois Saint-Hippolyte Saint-Jean-de-Blaignac Saint-Jean-d'Illac Saint-Julien-Beychevelle Saint-Laurent-d'Arce Saint-Laurent-des-Combes Saint-Laurent-du-Bois Saint-Laurent-du-Plan Saint-Laurent-Médoc Saint-Léger-de-Balson Saint-Léon Saint-Loubert Saint-Loubès Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand Saint-Macaire Saint-Magne Saint-Magne-de-Castillon Saint-Maixant Saint-Mariens Saint-Martial Saint-Martin-de-Laye Saint-Martin-de-Lerm Saint-Martin-de-Sescas Saint-Martin-du-Bois Saint-Martin-du-Puy Saint-Martin-Lacaussade Saint-Médard-de-Guizières Saint-Médard-d'Eyrans Saint-Médard-en-Jalles Saint-Michel-de-Castelnau Saint-Michel-de-Fronsac Saint-Michel-de-Lapujade Saint-Michel-de-Rieufret Saint-Morillon Saint-Palais Saint-Pardon-de-Conques Saint-Paul Saint-Pey-d'Armens Saint-Pey-de-Castets Saint-Philippe-d'Aiguille Saint-Philippe-du-Seignal Saint-Pierre-d'Aurillac Saint-Pierre-de-Bat Saint-Pierre-de-Mons Saint-Quentin-de-Baron Saint-Quentin-de-Caplong Saint-Romain-la-Virvée Saint-Sauveur Saint-Sauveur-de-Puynormand Saint-Savin Saint-Selve Saint-Seurin-de-Bourg Saint-Seurin-de-Cadourne Saint-Seurin-de-Cursac Saint-Seurin-sur-l'Isle Saint-Sève Saint-Sulpice-de-Faleyrens Saint-Sulpice-de-Guilleragues Saint-Sulpice-de-Pommiers Saint-Sulpice-et-Cameyrac Saint-Symphorien Saint-Trojan Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Saint-Vincent-de-Pertignas Saint-Vivien-de-Blaye Saint-Vivien-de-Médoc Saint-Vivien-de-Monségur Saint-Yzan-de-Soudiac Saint-Yzans-de-Médoc Salaunes Sallebœuf Salles Les Salles-de-Castillon Samonac Saucats Saugon Saumos Sauternes La Sauve Sauveterre-de-Guyenne Sauviac Savignac Savignac-de-l'Isle Semens Sendets Sigalens Sillas Soulac-sur-Mer Soulignac Soussac Soussans Tabanac Le Taillan-Médoc Taillecavat Talais Talence Targon Tarnès Tauriac Tayac Le Teich Le Temple La Teste-de-Buch Teuillac Tizac-de-Curton Tizac-de-Lapouyade Toulenne Le Tourne Tresses Le Tuzan Uzeste Val-de-Virvée Valeyrac Vayres Vendays-Montalivet Vensac Vérac Verdelais Le Verdon-sur-Mer Vertheuil Vignonet Villandraut Villegouge Villenave-de-Rions Villenave-d'Ornon Villeneuve Virelade Virsac Yvrac

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Prefectures of departments of France

(Ain) Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
(Lot) Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
(Orne) Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
(Paris) Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
(Somme) Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
(Var) Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise

Overseas departments

(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
(Martinique) Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou

v t e

Prefectures of the regions of France

Metropolitan France

(Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Dijon
(Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) Rennes
(Brittany) Orléans
(Centre-Val de Loire) Ajaccio
(Corsica) Strasbourg
(Grand Est) Lille
(Hauts-de-France) Paris
(Île-de-France) Rouen
(Normandy) Bordeaux
(Nouvelle-Aquitaine) Toulouse
(Occitanie) Nantes
(Pays de la Loire) Marseille
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)

Overseas regions

(French Guiana) Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
(Martinique) Mamoudzou
(Mayotte) Saint-Denis (Réunion)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141427398 LCCN: n79091189 ISNI: 0000 0001 2324 3476 GND: 4088072-2 SUDOC: 026362163 BNF: cb11862494p (d