UNESCO World Heritage Site
Bordeaux, Port of the Moon
Cultural: ii, iv
2007 (31st Session)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers
> 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes
(e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Bordeaux (French pronunciation: [bɔʁdo]; Gascon Occitan:
Bordèu) is a port city on the
Garonne River in the
in southwestern France.
The municipality (commune) of
Bordeaux proper has a population of
246,586 (2014). Together with its suburbs and satellite towns,
Bordeaux is the centre of the
Bordeaux Métropole. With 760,933
inhabitants (as of 2014[update]) and 1,195,335 in the metropolitan
area, it is the sixth largest in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon,
Toulouse and Lille. It is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine
region, as well as the prefecture of the
Gironde department. Its
inhabitants are called "Bordelais" (for men) or "Bordelaises" (women).
The term "Bordelais" may also refer to the city and its surrounding
Bordeaux is the world's major wine industry capital. It is home to the
world's main wine fair, Vinexpo, and the wine economy in the metro
area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year.
Bordeaux wine has
been produced in the region since the 8th century. The historic part
of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding
urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century. After Paris,
Bordeaux has the highest number of preserved historical buildings of
any city in France.
3.3 Major companies
5.1 Municipal administration
5.2 Mayors of Bordeaux
6.3 Weekend education
7 Main sights
7.2 Contemporary architecture
7.4 Parks and gardens
7.5 Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas
9.4 Trams, buses and boats
Bordeaux Public Transportation Statistics
11 Notable People
12 International relationship
12.1 Twin towns and sister cities
13 See also
16 External links
See also: Timeline of Bordeaux
Coins of the Bituriges Vivisci, 5th–1st century BC, derived from the
coin designs of Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul. Cabinet des Médailles.
In historical times, around 300 BC it was the settlement of a Celtic
tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala, probably
of Aquitanian origin. The name Bourde is still the name of a river
south of the city.
In 107 BC, the
Battle of Burdigala
Battle of Burdigala was fought by the Romans who were
defending the Allobroges, a Gallic tribe allied to Rome, and the
Tigurini led by Divico. The Romans were defeated and their commander,
the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in the action.
The city fell under Roman rule around 60 BC, its importance lying in
the commerce of tin and lead towards Rome. Later it became capital of
Roman Aquitaine, flourishing especially during the Severan dynasty
(3rd century). In 276 it was sacked by the Vandals. Further ravage was
brought by the same
Vandals in 409, the
Visigoths in 414 and the
Franks in 498, beginning a period of obscurity for the city.
Merovingian tremisses minted in
Bordeaux by the Church of
Saint-Étienne, late 6th century. British Museum.
In the late 6th century, the city re-emerged as the seat of a county
and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks, but
royal Frankish power was never strong. The city started to play a
regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly
founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. Around 585, a certain Gallactorius
is cited as count of
Bordeaux and fighting the Basques.
The city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732 after
storming the fortified city and overwhelming the Aquitanian garrison.
Duke Eudes mustered a force ready to engage the Umayyads outside
Bordeaux, eventually taking on them in the Battle of the River Garonne
somewhere near the river Dordogne, described as taking a heavy death
toll. After Duke Eudes's defeat, the Aquitanian duke could still save
part of its troops and keep his grip on
Aquitaine after the Battle of
In 735, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion after his father
Eudes's death, at which Charles responded by sending an expedition
that captured and plundered
Bordeaux again, but it was not retained
for long. The following year, the Frankish commander descended again
over Aquitaine, but clashed in battle with the Aquitanians and left to
take on hostile Burgundian authorities and magnates. In 745, Aquitaine
faced yet another expedition by Charles' sons Pepin and Carloman
against Hunald, the Aquitanian princeps (or duke) strong in Bordeaux.
Hunald was defeated, and his son Waifer replaced him, who in turn
Bordeaux as the capital city (along with
Bourges in the
During the last stage of the war against
Aquitaine (760–768), it was
one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to King Pepin the
Short's troops. Next to Bordeaux, Charlemagne built the fortress of
Fronsac (Frontiacus, Franciacus) on a hill across the border with the
Basques (Wascones), where Basque commanders came over to vow loyalty
to him (769).
In 778, Seguin (or Sihimin) was appointed count of Bordeaux, probably
undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, and possibly leading to the
Battle of Roncevaux Pass
Battle of Roncevaux Pass that very year. In 814, Seguin was made Duke
of Vasconia, but he was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress or
sympathise with a Basque rebellion. Under the Carolingians, sometimes
the Counts of
Bordeaux held the title concomitantly with that of Duke
of Vasconia. They were meant to keep the Basques in check and defend
the mouth of the
Garonne from the Vikings when the latter appeared c.
844 in the region of Bordeaux. In Autumn 845, count Seguin II marched
on the Vikings assaulting
Bordeaux and Saintes, but was captured and
put to death. No bishops were mentioned during the whole 8th century
and part of the 9th in Bordeaux.
From the 12th to the 15th century,
Bordeaux regained importance
following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of
Aquitaine with the
French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who became,
within months of their wedding, King Henry II of England. The city
flourished, primarily due to the wine trade, and the cathedral of St.
André was built. It was also the capital of an independent state
Edward, the Black Prince
Edward, the Black Prince (1362–1372), but in the end, after
Battle of Castillon
Battle of Castillon (1453), it was annexed by
extended its territory. The Château Trompette (Trumpet Castle) and
the Fort du Hâ, built by Charles VII of France, were the symbols of
the new domination, which however deprived the city of its wealth by
halting the wine commerce with England.
Bordeaux obtained a parliament, but regained importance only
in the 16th century when it became the centre of the distribution of
sugar and slaves from the West Indies along with the traditional
Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the
France only in 1653, when the army of Louis XIV entered the
Édouard Manet: Harbour at Bordeaux, 1871
Rue Sainte-Catherine in 1905
The 18th century was the golden age of Bordeaux. Many downtown
buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this
Victor Hugo found the town so beautiful he once said: "Take
Versailles, add Antwerp, and you have Bordeaux". Baron Haussmann, a
long-time prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th-century
large-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor
Napoleon III to transform a then still quasi-medieval
Paris into a
"modern" capital that would make
In 1814, towards the end of the Peninsula war, the Duke of Wellington
sent William Beresford with two divisions, who seized
much resistance on 12 March.
Bordeaux was largely anti-Bonapartist and
had a majority that supported the Bourbons, so the British troops were
treated as liberators.
In 1870, at the beginning of the
Franco-Prussian war against Prussia,
the French government temporarily relocated to
Bordeaux from Paris.
This happened again during the First World War and again very briefly
during the Second World War, when it became clear that
soon fall into German hands. However, on the last of these occasions
the French capital was soon moved again to Vichy. In May and June
Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the
Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally
granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the
Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German Occupation.
From 1940 to 1943, the Italian Royal Navy (
Regia Marina Italiana)
established BETASOM, a submarine base at Bordeaux. Italian submarines
participated in the
Battle of the Atlantic
Battle of the Atlantic from this base, which was
also a major base for German U-boats as headquarters of 12th U-boat
Flotilla. The massive, reinforced concrete
U-boat pens have proved
impractical to demolish and are now partly used as a cultural center
Bordeaux is located close to the European Atlantic coast, in the
France and in the north of the
Aquitaine region. It is
around 500 km (310 mi) southwest of Paris. The city is built
on a bend of the river Garonne, and is divided into two parts: the
right bank to the east and left bank in the west. Historically the
left bank is more developed because when flowing outside the bend, the
water makes a furrow of the required depth to allow the passing of
merchant ships, which used to offload on this side of the river. But,
today, the right bank is developing, including new urban projects. In
Garonne River is accessible to ocean liners. The right
bank of the
Garonne is a low-lying, often marshy plain.
Bordeaux's climate is usually classified as an oceanic climate
Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification Cfb); however, the summers tend to be
warmer and the winters milder than most areas of similar
classification. Substantial summer rainfall prevents its climate from
being classified as Mediterranean.
Winters are cool because of the prevalence of westerly winds from the
Atlantic. Summers are warm and long due to the influence from the Bay
of Biscay (surface temperature reaches 21 to 22 °C (70 to
72 °F). The average seasonal winter temperature is 7.1 °C
(44.8 °F), but recent winters have been warmer than this. Frosts
in the winter are commonplace, occurring several times during a
winter, but snowfall is very rare, occurring only once every three
years. The average summer seasonal temperature is 20.7 °C
(69.3 °F). The summer of 2003 set a record with an average
temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).
Climate data for Bordeaux-Mérignac (1981–2010 averages, extremes
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Météo France
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)
Bordeaux is a major centre for business in
France as it has the ninth
largest metropolitan population in France.
As of 2014[update], the GDP of
Bordeaux is €32.7 Billion.
The vine was introduced to the
Bordeaux region by the Romans, probably
in the mid-first century, to provide wine for local consumption, and
wine production has been continuous in the region since.
Bordeaux now has about 116,160 hectares (287,000 acres) of vineyards,
57 appellations, 10,000 wine-producing châteaux and 13,000 grape
growers. With an annual production of approximately 960 million
Bordeaux produces large quantities of everyday wine as
well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among
the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines
(four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves),
established by the
Wine Official Classification of 1855: The
first growths are:
In 1855, Mouton-Rothschild was ranked a Second Growth. In 1973, it was
First Growth status.
Both red and white wines are made in Bordeaux. Red
Bordeaux is called
claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a
blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot,
Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent
Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and
Muscadelle. Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its
intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem.
Because of a wine glut (wine lake) in the generic production, the
price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international
competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently
dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased
significantly. In the meantime, the global demand for first growths
and the most famous labels markedly increased and their prices
The Cité du Vin, a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows,
movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine opened
its doors in June 2016.
Laser Mégajoule will be one of the most powerful lasers in the
world, allowing fundamental research and the development of the laser
and plasma technologies. This project, carried by the French Ministry
of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. The "Road
of the lasers", a major project of regional planning, promotes
regional investment in optical and laser related industries leading to
Bordeaux area having the most important concentration of optical
and laser expertise in Europe.
Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The
city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS
Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. The Dassault Falcon private
jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and
Mirage 2000, the
Airbus A380 cockpit, the boosters of Ariane 5, and
the M51 SLBM missile.
Tourism, especially wine tourism, is a major industry. Globelink.co.uk
Bordeaux as the best tourist destination in Europe in
Access to the port from the Atlantic is via the
Almost nine million tonnes of goods arrive and leave each year.
This list includes indigenous Bordeaux-based companies and companies
that have major presence in Bordeaux, but are not necessarily
EADS Space Transportation
Ford Motor Company
At the January 2011 census, there were 239,399 inhabitants in the city
proper (commune) of Bordeaux.
Bordeaux in its hey day had a population
of 262,662 in 1968. The majority of the population is French, but
there are sizable groups of Italians, Spaniards (Up to 20% of the
Bordeaux population claim some degree of Spanish heritage),
Portuguese, Turks, Germans.
The built-up area has grown for more than a century beyond the
municipal borders of
Bordeaux due to urban sprawl, so that by the
January 2011 census there were 1,140,668 people living in the overall
metropolitan area of Bordeaux, only a fifth of whom lived in the
Population change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968
(population without double counting and municipal population from
2006) · 
Population Over Time
Sources - database Cassini of EHESS and Insee
Largest communities of foreigners :
Republic of the Congo
At the 2007 presidential election, the Bordelais gave 31.37% of their
Ségolène Royal of the Socialist Party against 30.84% to
Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the UMP. Then came
Francois Bayrou with
22.01%, followed by
Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen who recorded 5.42%. None of the
other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. Nationally,
Nicolas Sarkozy led
with 31.18%, then
Ségolène Royal with 25.87%, followed by François
Bayrou with 18.57%. After these came
Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen with 10.44%,
none of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. In the second
round, the city of
Ségolène Royal 52.44% against
47.56% for Nicolas Sarkozy, the latter being elected President of the
Republic with 53.06% against 46.94% for Ségolène Royal. The
abstention rates for
Bordeaux were 14.52% in the first round and
15.90% in the second round. This is an earthquake in Bordeaux, a city
deeply rooted right traditions.
In the parliamentary elections of 2007, the left won eight
constituencies against only three for the right. It should be added
that after the partial 2008 elections, the eighth district of Gironde
switched to the left, bringing the count to nine. In Bordeaux, the
left was for the first time in its history the majority as it held two
of three constituencies following the elections. In the first division
of the Gironde, the outgoing UMP MP
Chantal Bourragué was well ahead
with 44.81% against 25.39% for the Socialist candidate Beatrice
Desaigues. In the second round, it was
Chantal Bourragué who was
re-elected with 54.45% against 45.55% for his socialist opponent. In
the second district of
Gironde the UMP mayor and all new Minister of
Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea Alain Juppé
confronted the General Counsel PS Michèle Delaunay. In the first
Alain Juppé was well ahead with 43.73% against 31.36% for
Michèle Delaunay. In the second round, it was finally Michèle
Delaunay who won the election with 50.93% of the votes against 49.07%
for Alain Juppé, the margin being only 670 votes. The defeat of the
so-called constituency "Mayor" showed that
Bordeaux was rocking
increasingly left. Finally, in the third constituency of the Gironde,
Noël Mamère was well ahead with 39.82% against 28.42% for the UMP
candidate Elizabeth Vine. In the second round, Noël Mamère was
re-elected with 62.82% against 37.18% for his right-wing rival.
In 2008 municipal elections saw the clash between mayor of Bordeaux,
Alain Juppé and the President of the Regional Council of Aquitaine
Socialist Alain Rousset. The PS had put up a Socialist heavyweight in
Gironde and had put great hopes in this election after the victory
Ségolène Royal and
Michèle Delaunay in 2007. However, after a
rather exciting campaign it was
Alain Juppé who was widely elected in
the first round with 56.62%, far ahead of
Alain Rousset who has
managed to get 34.14%. At present, of the eight cantons that has
Bordeaux, five are held by the PS and three by the UMP, the left
eating a little each time into the right's numbers.
In the European elections of 2009,
Bordeaux voters largely voted for
the UMP candidate Dominique Baudis, who won 31.54% against 15.00% for
PS candidate Kader Arif. The candidate of Europe Ecology José Bové
came second with 22.34%. None of the other candidates reached the 10%
mark. The 2009 European elections were like the previous ones in eight
Bordeaux is located in the district "Southwest", here
are the results:
UMP candidate Dominique Baudis: 26.89%. His party gained four seats.
PS candidate Kader Arif: 17.79%, gaining two seats in the European
Parliament. Europe Ecology candidate Bove: 15.83%, obtaining two
seats. MoDem candidate Robert Rochefort: 8.61%, winning a seat. Left
Front candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon: 8.16%, gaining the last seat. At
regional elections in 2010, the Socialist incumbent president Alain
Rousset won the first round by totaling 35.19% in Bordeaux, but this
score was lower than the plan for
Gironde and Aquitaine. Xavier
Darcos, Minister of Labour followed with 28.40% of the votes, scoring
above the regional and departmental average. Then came Monique De
Marco, Green candidate with 13.40%, followed by the member of
Pyrenees-Atlantiques and candidate of the MoDem Jean Lassalle who
registered a low 6.78% while qualifying to the second round on the
whole Aquitaine, closely followed by Jacques Colombier, candidate of
the National Front, who gained 6.48%. Finally the candidate of the
Left Front Gérard Boulanger with 5.64%, no other candidate above the
5% mark. In the second round,
Alain Rousset had a tidal wave win as
national totals rose to 55.83%. If Xavier Darcos largely lost the
election, he nevertheless achieved a score above the regional and
departmental average obtaining 33.40%. Jean Lassalle, who qualified
for the second round, passed the 10% mark by totaling 10.77%. The
ballot was marked by abstention amounting to 55.51% in the first round
and 53.59% in the second round.
Only candidates obtaining more than 5% are listed
2007 Presidential Election
Jean-Marie Le Pen
2012 Presidential Election
Marine Le Pen
The Mayor of the city is Alain Juppé.
Virginie Calmels is Deputy Mayor of
Bordeaux in charge of the Economy,
Employment and Sustainable Growth and Vice-President of the Urban
Community of Bordeaux.
Bordeaux is the capital of five cantons and the Prefecture of the
Gironde and Aquitaine.
The town is divided into three districts, the first three of Gironde.
The headquarters of
Urban Community of Bordeaux
Urban Community of Bordeaux Mériadeck is located
in the neighbourhood and the city is at the head of the Chamber of
Commerce and Industry that bears his name.
The number of inhabitants of
Bordeaux is greater than 199,999 and less
than 250,000 and so the number of municipal councilors is 61. They are
divided according to the following composition:
Nouveau Centre – Modem
PS – Verts – PCF
Mayors of Bordeaux
Since 1947, there have been 3 mayors of Bordeaux:
RPR was renamed to UMP in 2002 which was later renamed to Les
Republicains in 2015
Main article: University of Bordeaux
The university was created by the archbishop
Pey Berland in 1441 and
was abolished in 1793, during the French Revolution, before
reappearing in 1808 with Napoleon I.
approximately 70,000 students on one of the largest campuses of Europe
(235 ha). The
University of Bordeaux is divided into four:
Bordeaux 1, (Maths, Physical sciences and
Technologies), 10,693 students in 2002
Bordeaux Segalen (Medicine and Life
sciences), 15,038 students in 2002
Michel de Montaigne
Michel de Montaigne (Liberal Arts,
Humanities, Languages, History), 14,785 students in 2002
Bordeaux 4, Montesquieu (Law, Economy and Management),
12,556 students in 2002
Institut of Political Sciences of Bordeaux. Although technically a
part of the fourth university, it largely functions autonomously.
Bordeaux has numerous public and private schools offering
undergraduate and postgraduate programs.
Arts et Métiers ParisTech, graduate school of industrial and
ESME-Sudria, graduate school of engineering
École d'ingénieurs en modélisation mathématique et mécanique
École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique,
télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux
École supérieure de technologie des biomolécules de Bordeaux
École nationale d'ingénieurs des travaux agricoles de Bordeaux
École nationale supérieure de chimie et physique de Bordeaux
École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies
Institut des sciences et techniques des aliments de Bordeaux
Institut de cognitique
École supérieure d'informatique
École privée des sciences informatiques
Business and management schools:
Bordeaux MBA (International College of Bordeaux)
IUT Techniques de Commercialisation of
Bordeaux (Business School)
INSEEC Business School (Institut des hautes études économiques et
KEDGE Business School
KEDGE Business School (former BEM –
Bordeaux Management School)
Bordeaux International Business School
Institut supérieur européen de gestion group
Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action
École nationale de la magistrature (National school for Magistrate)
École d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux
École des beaux-arts de Bordeaux
École française des attachés de presse et des professionels de la
Conservatoire national des arts et métiers d'
École des Avocats ALIENOR de
Bordeaux (Lawyer school)
The École Compleméntaire Japonaise de Bordeaux
(ボルドー日本語補習授業校 Borudō Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō
Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Salle
de L'Athenee Municipal in Bordeaux.
Column of the
Girondins on the Esplanade des Quinconces
The church of St Pierre
Façade of the Church of the Holy Cross
Place de la Bourse
Place de la Bourse at night with the
Miroir d'eau and tram
Church of Notre Dame
Bordeaux is classified "City of Art and History". The city is home to
362 monuments historiques (only
Paris has more in France) with some
buildings dating back to Roman times.
Bordeaux has been inscribed on
UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural
Bordeaux is home to one of Europe's biggest 18th-century architectural
urban areas, making it a sought-after destination for tourists and
cinema production crews. It stands out as one of the first French
cities, after Nancy, to have entered an era of urbanism and
metropolitan big scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son,
architects for King Louis XV, under the supervision of two intendants
Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur then the
Marquis de Tourny.
Main sights include:
Place des Quinconces, the largest square in France.
Monument aux Girondins
Grand Théâtre, a large neoclassical theater built in the 18th
Allées de Tourny
Cours de l'Intendance
Place du Chapelet
Place de la Bourse(1730–1775), designed by the Royal architect
Jacques Ange Gabriel as landscape for an equestrian statue of Louis
Place du Parlement
Pont de pierre
Saint-André Cathedral, consecrated by
Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II in 1096. Of the
Original Romanesque edifice only a wall in the nave remain. The Royal
Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the
construction is mostly from the 14th and 15th centuries.
Tour Pey-Berland (1440–1450), a massive, quadrangular gothic tower
annexed to the cathedral.
Église Sainte-Croix (Church of the Holy Cross). It lies on the site
of a 7th-century abbey destroyed by the Saracens. Rebuilt under the
Carolingians, it was again destroyed by the Normans in 845 and 864. It
is annexed to a Benedictine abbey founded in the 7th century, and was
built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries. The façade is in
The gothic Basilica of Saint Michael, constructed between the end of
the 14th century and the 16th century.
Basilica of Saint-Seurin, the most ancient church in Bordeaux. It was
built in the early 6th century on the site of a palaeochristian
necropolis. It has an 11th-century portico, while the apse and
transept are from the following century. The 13th-century nave has
chapels from the 11th and the 14th centuries. The ancient crypt houses
sepulchres of the Merovingian family.
Église Saint-Pierre, gothic church
Église Saint-Éloi, gothic church
Église Saint-Bruno, baroque church decorated with frescoes
Église Notre-Dame, baroque church
Église Saint-Paul-Saint-François-Xavier, baroque church
Palais Rohan (Exterior:)
Palais Gallien, the remains of a late 2nd-century Roman amphitheatre
Porte Cailhau, a medieval gate of the old city walls.
La Grosse Cloche (15th century), the second remaining gate of the
Medieval walls. It was the belfry of the old Town Hall. It consists of
two 40-metre-high (131-foot) circular towers and a central bell tower
housing a bell weighing 7,800 kilograms (17,200 lb). The watch is
Rue Sainte-Catherine, the longest Pedestrian street of France
BETASOM submarine base
Saint-André Cathedral, Saint-Michel Basilica and Saint-Seurin
Basilica are part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of
Santiago de Compostela in France.
Fire Station, la Benauge, Claude Ferret/Adrien Courtois/Yves Salier,
Court of first instance, Richard Rogers, 1998
CTBA, wood and furniture research center, A. Loisier, 1998
Hangar 14 on the Quai des Chartrons, 1999
The Management Science faculty on the Bastide, Anne
Lacaton/Jean-Philippe Vassal, 2006
The Jardin botanique de la Bastide, Catherine Mosbach/Françoise
Hélène Jourda/Pascal Convert, 2007
The Nuyens School complex on the Bastide, Yves Ballot/Nathalie Franck,
Seeko'o Hotel on the Quai des Chartrons, King Kong architects, 2007
Musée des Beaux Arts (Fine arts museum), one of the finest painting
France with paintings by painter such as Tiziano,
Veronese, Rubens, Van Dyck, Frans Hals, Claude, Chardin, Delacroix,
Matisse and Picasso.
Aquitaine (archeological and history museum)
Musée du Vin et du Négoce (museum of the wine trade)
Musée des Arts Décoratifs (museum of decorative arts)
Musée d'Histoire Naturelle (natural history museum)
CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux
CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux (contemporary art museum)
Musée national des douanes
Casa de Goya
Centre Jean Moulin
Parks and gardens
Jardin botanique de Bordeaux
Jardin botanique de la Bastide
La Maison des Chameaux (Camel Park)
"Le Jardin Public" is a park in the heart of the city.
Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas
Europe’s longest-span vertical-lift bridge, the Pont Jacques
Chaban-Delmas, was opened in 2013 in Bordeaux, spanning the River
Garonne. The central lift span is 117-metre-long (384-foot) and can be
lifted vertically up to 53 metres (174 feet) to let tall ships pass
underneath. The €160 million bridge was inaugurated by President
François Hollande and Mayor
Alain Juppé on 16 March 2013. The bridge
was named after the late Jacques Chaban-Delmas, who was a former Prime
Minister and Mayor of Bordeaux.
Bordeaux has many shopping options. In the heart of
Bordeaux is Rue
Sainte-Catherine. This pedestrian-only shopping street has 1.2
kilometers (0.75 mi) of shops, restaurants and cafés; it is also
one of the longest shopping streets in Europe. Rue Sainte-Catherine
starts at Place de la Victoire and ends at Place de la Comédie by the
Grand Théâtre. The shops become progressively more upmarket as one
moves towards Place de la Comédie and the nearby Cours de
l'Intendance is where one finds the more exclusive shops and
Bordeaux is also the first city in
France to have created, in the
1980s, an architecture exhibition and research centre, Arc en
Bordeaux offers a large number of cinemas,
theatres, and is the home of the Opéra national de Bordeaux. There
are many music venues of varying capacity. The city also offers
several festivals throughout the year.
Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. The city is
Paris by the A10 motorway, with
Lyon by the A89, with
Toulouse by the A62, and with
Spain by the A63. There is a 45 km
(28 mi) ring road called the "Rocade" which is often very busy.
Another ring road is under consideration.
Bordeaux has five road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont de
pierre built in the 1820s and three modern bridges built after 1960:
the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de pierre (both located
downtown), the Pont d'Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from
downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of
downtown. These two bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux.
A fifth bridge, the Pont Jacques-Chaban-Delmas, was constructed in
2009–2012 and opened to traffic in March 2013. Located halfway
between the Pont de pierre and the Pont d'
Aquitaine and serving
downtown rather than highway traffic, it is a vertical-lift bridge
with a height comparable to the Pont de pierre in closed position, and
to the Pont d'
Aquitaine in open position. All five road bridges,
including the two highway bridges, are open to cyclists and
pedestrians as well. Another bridge, the Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc, is to
be built in 2018.
Lacking any steep hills,
Bordeaux is relatively friendly to cyclists.
Cycle paths (separate from the roadways) exist on the highway bridges,
along the riverfront, on the university campuses, and incidentally
elsewhere in the city. Cycle lanes and bus lanes that explicitly allow
cyclists exist on many of the city's boulevards. A paid Bicycle
sharing system with automated stations has been established in 2010.
The main railway station, Gare de
Bordeaux Saint-Jean, near the center
of the city, has 12 million passengers a year. It is served by
the French national (SNCF) railway's high speed train, the TGV, that
Paris in two hours, with connections to major European centers
such as Lille, Brussels, Amsterdam, Cologne, Geneva and London. The
TGV also serves
Irun (Spain) from Bordeaux. A regular
train service is provided to Nantes, Nice,
Marseille and Lyon. The
Gare Saint-Jean is the major hub for regional trains (TER) operated by
SNCF to Arcachon, Limoges, Agen, Périgueux, Langon, Pau, Le
Angoulême and Bayonne.
Historically the train line used to terminate at a station on the
right bank of the river
Garonne near the Pont de Pierre, and
passengers crossed the bridge to get into the city. Subsequently, a
double-track steel railway bridge was constructed in the 1850s, by
Gustave Eiffel, to bring trains across the river direct into Gare de
Bordeaux Saint-Jean. The old station was later converted and in 2010
comprised a cinema and restaurants.
The two-track Eiffel bridge with a speed limit of 30 km/h
(19 mph) became a bottleneck and a new bridge was built, opening
in 2009. The new bridge has 4 tracks and allows trains to pass at
60 km/h (37 mph). During the planning there was much
lobbying by the Eiffel family and other supporters to preserve the old
bridge as a footbridge across the Garonne, with possibly a museum to
document the history of the bridge and Gustave Eiffel's contribution.
The decision was taken to save the bridge, but by early 2010 no plans
had been announced as to its future use. The bridge remains intact,
but unused and without any means of access.
Since July 2017, the
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique is fully operational
Bordeaux city 2h04 from Paris.
Bordeaux is served by Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport, located 8 km
(5.0 mi) from the city center in the suburban city of Mérignac.
Trams, buses and boats
Tramway in Bordeaux
Bordeaux has an important public transport system called Transports
Bordeaux Métropole (TBM). This company is run by the Keolis group.
The network consists of:
3 tram lines (A, B and C)
75 bus routes, all connected to the tramway network (from 1 to 96)
13 night bus routes (from 1 to 16)
An electric bus shuttle in the city center
A boat shuttle on the
This network is operated from 5 am to 2 am.
There had been several plans for a subway network to be set up, but
they stalled for both geological and financial reasons. Work on the
Tramway de Bordeaux
Tramway de Bordeaux system was started in the autumn of 2000, and
services started in December 2003 connecting
Bordeaux with its
suburban areas. The tram system uses ground-level power supply
technology (APS), a new cable-free technology developed by French
Alstom and designed to preserve the aesthetic environment by
eliminating overhead cables in the historic city. Conventional
overhead cables are used outside the city. The system was
controversial for its considerable cost of installation, maintenance
and also for the numerous initial technical problems that paralysed
the network. Many streets and squares along the tramway route became
pedestrian areas, with limited access for cars.
There are more than 400 taxicabs in Bordeaux.
Bordeaux Public Transportation Statistics
The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit
in Bordeaux, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 51 min.
12.% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day.
The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public
transit is 13 min, while 15.5% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on
average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a
single trip with public transit is 7 km, while 8% travel for over
12 km in a single direction.
Entrance to the Stade Chaban-Delmas
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this
section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material
may be challenged and removed. (March 2018) (Learn how and when to
remove this template message)
Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux is the largest stadium
in Bordeaux. The stadium was opened in 2015 and replaced the Stade
Chaban-Delmas, which was a venue for the
FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup in 1938 and
1998, as well as the 2007 Rugby World Cup. In the 1938 FIFA World Cup,
it hosted a violent quarter-final known as the Battle of Bordeaux. The
ground was formerly known as the Stade du Parc Lescure until 2001,
when it was renamed in honour of the city's long-time mayor, Jacques
There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux,
the football team, playing in
Ligue 1 in the French football
Union Bordeaux Bègles
Union Bordeaux Bègles is a rugby team in the
Top 14 in
the Ligue Nationale de Rugby. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX
biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city.
Bordeaux is home to a beautiful quay which runs along the Garonne
river. On the quay there is a skate-park divided into three sections.
One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one
for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer
materials. The skate-park is very well maintained by the municipality.
Bordeaux is also the home to one of the strongest cricket teams in
France and are champions of the South West League.
There is a 250 m (820 ft) wooden velodrome, Vélodrome du
Bordeaux which hosts international cycling competition in the
form of UCI Track Cycling World Cup events.
The 2015 Trophee Eric Bompard was in Bordeaux. But the Free Skate was
cancelled in all of the divisions due to the
Paris bombing(s) and
aftermath. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. French
skaters Chafik Besseghier (68.36) in 10th place, Romain Ponsart
(62.86) in 11th. Mae-Berenice-Meite (46.82) in 11th and Laurine
Lecavelier (46.53) in 12th. Vanessa James/Morgan Cipres (65.75) in
Michel de Montaigne
Jean Alaux (1786–1864), painter
Bertrand Andrieu (1761–1822), engraver
Jean Anouilh (1910–1987), dramatist
Yvonne Arnaud (1892–1958), pianist, singer and actress
Ausonius (c. 310–395), Roman poet and rhetorician
Floyd Ayité, (born 1988), Togolese footballer
Jonathan Ayité, (born 1985), Togolese footballer
Christine Barbe, winemaker
Gérard Bayo (born 1936), writer and poet,
François Bigot (1703–1778), last "Intendant" of New France
Grégory Bourdy, (born 1982), golfer
Samuel Boutal, (born 1969), footballer
Edmond de Caillou (died c. February 1316) Gascon knight fighting in
Gérald Caussé, Presiding Bishop of The Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter Day Saints
René Clément (1913–1996), actor, director, writer
Jean-René Cruchet (1875–1959), pathologist
Damia (1899–1978), singer and actress
Étienne Noël Damilaville
Étienne Noël Damilaville (1723–1768), encyclopédiste
Lili Damita (1901–1994), actress
Frédéric Daquin, (born 1978), footballer
Danielle Darrieux (born 1917), actress
Bernard Delvaille (1931–2006), poet, essayist
David Diop, (1927–1960), poet
Jean-Francois Domergue, footballer
Jacques Ellul (1912–1994), sociologist, theologian, Christian
Marie Fel (1713–1794), opera singer
Jean-Luc Fournet (1965), papyrologist
Pierre-Jean Garat (1762–1823), singer
Armand Gensonné (1758–1793), politician
Stephen Girard (1750–1831), merchant, banker, and Philadelphia
Jérôme Gnako, (born 1968), footballer
Eugène Goossens (1867–1958), conductor, violinist
Léopold Lafleurance (1865–1953), flautist
Joseph Henri Joachim Lainé
Joseph Henri Joachim Lainé (1767–1835), statesman
Lucenzo (born 1983), singer
Jean-Jacques Magendie (1766–1835), officer
François Magendie (1783–1855), physiologist
Bruno Marie-Rose, (born 1965), athlete (sprinter)
François Mauriac (1885–1970), writer, Nobel laureate 1952
Édouard Molinaro (1928–2013), film director, screenwriter
Michel de Montaigne
Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592), essayist
Olivier Mony (1966–), writer and literary critic
Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty
Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty (1768–1815), general
Pierre Palmade (born 1968), actor and comedian
Paulinus of Nola
Paulinus of Nola (354–431), educator, religious figure
Émile Péreire (1800–1875), banker and industrialist
Albert Pitres (1848–1928), neurologist
Georges Antoine Pons Rayet (1839–1906), astronomer, discoverer of
the Wolf-Rayet stars, & founder of the
Odilon Redon, (1840–1916), painter
Richard II of England
Richard II of England (1367–1400), king
Pierre Rode (1774–1830), violinist
Olinde Rodrigues (1795–1851), mathematician, banker and social
Marie-Sabine Roger (born 1957), writer
Bernard Sarrette (1765–1858), conductor and music pedagogue
Jean-Jacques Sempé (born 1932), cartoonist
Florent Serra, (born 1981), tennis player
Philippe Sollers, (born 1936), writer
Wilfried Tekovi, (born 1989), Togolese footballer
Kap Bambino, group
Arnaud Binard, (born 1971), actor and producer
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France
Alain Juppé, Mayor of Bordeaux, visiting the twin town of Ashdod.
Twin towns and sister cities
Bordeaux is twinned with:
Ashdod, Israel, since 1984
Baku, Azerbaijan, since 1985
Bristol, United Kingdom, since 1947
Casablanca, Morocco, since 1988
Fukuoka, Japan, since 1982
Lima, Peru, since 1957
Los Angeles, United States, since 1968
Madrid, Spain, since 1984
Munich, Germany, since 1964
Oran, Algeria, since 2003
Porto, Portugal, since 1978
Quebec City, Canada, since 1962
Saint Petersburg, Russia, since 1993
Wuhan, China, since 1998
Zahlé, Lebanon, since 2006
Kraków, Poland, since 1993
Samsun, Turkey, since 2010
Bordeaux wine regions
Bordeaux–Paris, a former professional road bicycle racing
Burdigalian Age of the
Miocene Epoch is named for Bordeaux
Canelé, a local pastry
Communes of the
Dogue de Bordeaux, a breed of dog originally bred for dog fighting
List of mayors of Bordeaux
Operation Frankton, a British Combined Operations raid on shipping in
the harbour at Bordeaux, in December 1942, during World War II
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bordeaux
History of slavery
Alain Juppé élu officiellement maire par les conseillers, ce
vendredi" [Alain Juppe officially elected mayor by the councillors",
28 March 2014]. 20minutes.fr (in French). [dead link]
^ http://www.bordeaux.fr/p287/bordeaux-en-chiffres. Missing or
empty title= (help)
^ Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Unité urbaine
Bordeaux (33701), INSEE.Retrieved 2 August 2014
^ a b "Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Aire
urbaine 2010 de
Bordeaux (006)". INSEE. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2009.
Retrieved 20 August 2010.
^ "In pictures: New World Heritage sites". BBC News. 28 June 2007.
Retrieved 5 May 2009.
^ "Commanderie". www.commanderie.org. Retrieved 2018-02-02.
^ Washington Post, "
Bordeaux struggles with slave past", 28 September
^ GHCN climate, GISS world climate averages, 1971–2000
^ "Données climatiques de la station de Bordeaux" (in French). Meteo
France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30,
^ "Bordeaux-Mérignac (33)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques
1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 29 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
^ "Normes et records 1961–1990: Bordeaux-Merignac (33) – altitude
47m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on March 3,
2016. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
^ Johnson, Hugh (1994). World Atlas of
Wine (4th ed.). London: Octopus
Publishing Group Ltd. p. 13.
Wine Region in France: World's Most Famous Fine Wine
Region". IntoWine.com. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
^ MacNeil, K. (2001). The
Wine Bible. New York, NY: Workman.
^ "Bordeaux : la Cité du vin cernée par les chantiers" (in
French). 19 February 2016.
^ "3 Best Places to Retire in France". Globelink.co.uk. Retrieved 2
^ "Taille des communes les plus peuplées en 2012". INSEE. Retrieved
10 May 2015.
^ Census of population on 1 January 2006 on the site of Insee.
^ Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2007 à
Bordeaux sur le
site du ministère de l'intérieur.
^ Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2012 à
Bordeaux sur le
site du ministère de l'intérieur.
^ "ASSYSTEM :
Virginie Calmels joins the Assystem Board of
Directors". Informazione - Comunicati Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved
^ (in French) Université de
Bordeaux website: www.univ-bordeaux.fr;
retrieved 7 December 2010.
(Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and
Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on 10 May 2014. "Salle de L'Athenee
Municipal Place St. Christoly, 33000 Bordeaux, FRANCE"
^ (in German)
^ "Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc – La CUB". archive.org. 24 October 2013.
Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. CS1 maint: BOT:
original-url status unknown (link)
^ Pont Ferroviaire de
Bordeaux on aquitaine.fr
Bordeaux Public Transportation Statistics". Global Public Transit
Index by Moovit. Retrieved June 19, 2017. Material was copied
from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0 International License.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "
Bordeaux – Rayonnement
européen et mondial". Mairie de
Bordeaux (in French). Archived from
the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Bordeaux-Atlas français de
la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures".
Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités
Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French).
Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 29 July
^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation
pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales
(Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the
original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 9 August
Bristol City – Town twinning". 2009
Bristol City Council. 17 July
2009. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 15 March
2013. External link in publisher= (help)
^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media
Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July
^ "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". sistercities.lacity.org. Retrieved
29 September 2011.
^ "Partnerstädte". muenchen.de (in German). Retrieved 3 April
^ "International Relations of the City of Porto" (PDF). 2006–2009
Municipal Directorateofthe PresidencyServices
InternationalRelationsOffice. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15
February 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
^ "Twin cities of Riga".
Riga City Council. Archived from the original
on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional
Saint Petersburg City Government. Archived from the original on
24 February 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
Kraków – Miasta Partnerskie" [
Kraków -Partnership Cities].
Miejska Platforma Internetowa Magiczny
Kraków (in Polish). Archived
from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
Bordeaux işbirliği sözleşmesini imzalandı" (in
Turkish). HaberExen.com. Retrieved 22 November 2010. [dead link]
See also: Bibliography of the history of Bordeaux
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bordeaux.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bordeaux.
Bordeaux : the world capital of wine – Official French website
Bordeaux city council website
Tourist office website
Phonebook of Bordeaux
Bordeaux submarine base : history, description, photos
Sciences Po Bordeaux
Tram and bus maps and schedules
Wine official website
Map & City guide website
German submarine base in Bordeaux
Higher education in Bordeaux
University of Bordeaux
Engineering grandes écoles
Bordeaux Sciences Agro
Arts et Métiers ParisTech
BEM Management School
École nationale de l'aviation civile
École nationale de la magistrature
École nationale supérieure d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux
World Heritage Sites in France
Palace and Park of Versailles
Fontainebleau Palace and Park
Paris: Banks of the Seine
Belgium and France1
Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars
Climats and terroirs of Burgundy
Reims: Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Abbey of Saint-Remi, Palace of Tau
Abbey of Fontenay
Vézelay Church and hill
Belgium and France1
Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin
Great Saltworks of
Salins-les-Bains and Royal Saltworks of
Nancy: Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance
Strasbourg: Grande Île, Neustadt
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3
Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe
Mont Saint-Michel and its bay
Episcopal city, Albi
Port of the Moon, Bordeaux
Prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the Vézère valley
Pyrénées – Mont Perdu2
Roman and Romanesque monuments, Arles
Gulf of Porto: Calanches de Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve
Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble,
Pont du Gard
Orange: Roman Theatre and environs, Triumphal Arch
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier
Canal du Midi
Fortifications of Vauban
Loire Valley between
Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes-sur-Loire
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France
Lagoons of New Caledonia
Pitons, cirques and remparts of Réunion
1Shared locally with other region/s and with Belgium
2Shared with Spain
3Shared with Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland
Communes of the
Castets et Castillon
Prefectures of departments of France
La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime)
Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire)
Le Mans (Sarthe)
La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée)
Belfort (Territoire de Belfort)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
Prefectures of the regions of France
Orléans (Centre-Val de Loire)
Strasbourg (Grand Est)
Nantes (Pays de la Loire)
Marseille (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2324 3476
BNF: cb11862494p (d