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Bombay
Bombay
State was a large Indian state created at the time of India's Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years. Bombay
Bombay
Presidency (roughly equating to the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra, excluding South Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Vidarbha) was merged with the princely states of the Baroda, Western India
India
and Gujarat
Gujarat
(the present-day Indian state of Gujarat) and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. On November 1, 1956, Bombay
Bombay
State was re-organized under the States Reorganisation Act on linguistic lines, absorbing various territories including the Saurashtra and Kutch States, which ceased to exist. On May 1, 1960, Bombay
Bombay
State was dissolved and split on linguistic lines into the two states of Gujarat, with Gujarati speaking population and Maharashtra, with Marathi speaking population[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Expansion of the state 1.2 Dissolution of Bombay
Bombay
state 1.3 Chief Ministers 1.4 Governors

2 See also 3 References

History[edit] Main article: History of Bombay
Bombay
in independent India During the British Raj, portions of the western coast of India
India
under direct British rule were part of the Bombay
Bombay
Presidency. In 1937, the Bombay
Bombay
Presidency became a province of British India.[2][3] After India
India
gained independence in 1947, Bombay
Bombay
Presidency became part of India, and Sind province became part of Pakistan. The territory retained by India
India
was restructured into Bombay
Bombay
State. It included princely states such as Kolhapur in Deccan, and Baroda and the Dangs in Gujarat, which had been under the political influence of the former Bombay
Bombay
Presidency.[4] Expansion of the state[edit] As a result of the States Reorganisation Act
States Reorganisation Act
on 1 November 1956, the Kannada-speaking districts of Belgaum (except Chandgad taluk), Bijapur, Dharwar, and North Canara were transferred from Bombay
Bombay
State to Mysore State.[5] but the State of Bombay
Bombay
was significantly enlarged, expanding eastward to incorporate the Marathi-speaking Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Hyderabad State, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region of southern Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarati-speaking Saurashtra and Kutch states. The Bombay
Bombay
state was being referred to by the local inhabitants as "Maha Dwibhashi Rajya", meaning, "the great bilingual state".[3] In 1956, the States Reorganisation Committee, against the will of Jawaharlal Nehru, recommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra- Gujarat
Gujarat
with Bombay
Bombay
as its capital, whereas in Lok Sabha discussions in 1955, the Congress party demanded that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state.[6] In the 1957 elections, the Samyukta Maharashtra
Maharashtra
movement opposed these proposals, and insisted that Bombay
Bombay
be declared the capital of Maharashtra.[7] Dissolution of Bombay
Bombay
state[edit] Bombay
Bombay
State was finally dissolved with the formation of Maharashtra and Gujarat
Gujarat
states on May 1, 1960.[8] Following protests of Samyukta Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Movement, in which 105 people were killed by police, Bombay
Bombay
State was reorganised on linguistic lines.[9] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay
Bombay
State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat
Gujarat
following Mahagujarat Movement.[10] Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State with Bombay
Bombay
as its capital was formed with the merger of Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay
Bombay
State, eight districts from Central Provinces and Berar, five districts from Hyderabad State, and numerous princely states enclosed between them.[11] Chief Ministers[edit] Bombay
Bombay
State had three Chief Ministers after the independence of India:

Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher was the first Chief Minister of Bombay (1947–1952) Morarji Desai
Morarji Desai
(1952–1957) Yashwantrao Chavan
Yashwantrao Chavan
(1957–1960)

Governors[edit] See also: List of Governors of Bombay In 1960, the designation of the "Governor of Bombay" was transmuted as the Governor of Maharashtra.[12]

# Name Assumed office Left office Years in Office

1 Raja Sir Maharaj Singh 6 January 1948 30 May 1952 4

2 Sir Girija Shankar Bajpai 30 May 1952 5 December 1954 2

3 Harekrushna Mahatab 2 March 1955 14 October 1956 1

4 Sri Prakasa[f] 10 December 1956 16 April 1962 6

Sources: Raj Bhavan (Maharashtra)[12] and Greater Bombay
Bombay
District Gazetteer[13]

Graphical

See also[edit]

Political integration of India Samyukta Maharashtra
Maharashtra
movement for a separate Marathi state Mahagujarat Movement
Mahagujarat Movement
for separate Gujarati state. Indulal Yagnik

References[edit]

^ Ramachandra Guha, India
India
after Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy. HarperCollins, 2007 ^ Yagnik, Achyut; Suchitra Sheth (2005). The Shaping of Modern Gujarat: Plurality, Hindutva, and Beyond. Penguin Books India. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-14-400038-8. Retrieved 24 November 2012.  ^ a b Grover, Verinder; Ranjana Arora (1994). Federation of India
India
and States' Reorganisation: Reconstruction and Consolidation. Deep and Deep Publications. p. 392. ISBN 978-81-7100-541-3. Retrieved 24 November 2012.  ^ Bhattacharya, Sanjoy (2006), Expunging Variola: The Control and Eradication of Smallpox in India, 1947–1977, Orient Blackswan, p. 18, ISBN 978-81-250-3018-8, retrieved 8 January 2009  ^ "States Reorganization Act 1956". Commonwealth Legal Information Institute. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2008.  ^ "The battle for Bombay". The Hindu. 13 April 2003. Retrieved 12 November 2008.  ^ "Samyukta Maharashtra". Government of Maharashtra. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.  ^ Political and administrative integration of princely states By S. N. Sadasivan.  ^ "Sons of soil: born, reborn". Indian Express Newspapers (Mumbai) Ltd. 6 February 2008.  Retrieved on 12 November 2008. ^ "Gujarat". Government of India. Retrieved 16 January 2008.  ^ "Maharashtra". Government of India. Retrieved 16 January 2008.  ^ a b "Previous Governors List". Raj Bhavan (Maharashtra). Archived from the original on 6 February 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2008.  ^ "List of the Governors of Bombay", Greater Bombay
Bombay
District Gazetteer, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Gazetteers, I, Government of Maharashtra, 1986, archived from the original on 6 September 2008, retrieved 13 August 2008 

v t e

States of India
India
on 26 January 1950

Part A States

Assam Bihar Bombay East Punjab Madhya Pradesh Madras Orissa Uttar Pradesh West Bengal

Part B States

Hyderabad Jammu and Kashmir Madhya Bharat Mysore Patiala and East Punjab
East Punjab
States Union Rajasthan Saurashtra Travancore-Cochin Vindhya Pradesh

Part C States

Ajmer Coorg Cooch-Behar Bhopal Bilaspur Delhi Himachal Pradesh Kutch Manipur Tripura

Part D States

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.975

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