Leslie Townes "Bob" Hope, KBE, KC*SG, KSS (May 29, 1903 – July 27,
2003) was an American comedian, vaudevillian, actor, singer, dancer,
athlete and author. With a career that spanned nearly 80 years, Hope
appeared in more than 70 short and feature films, with 54 feature
films with Hope as star, including a series of seven "Road" musical
comedy movies with
as Hope's top-billed partner. In
addition to hosting the
show nineteen times, more than
any other host, he appeared in many stage productions and television
roles, and was the author of 14 books. The song "Thanks for the
Memory" is widely regarded as his signature tune.
Hope was born in Eltham, County of London, arrived in America with his
family at the age of four, and grew up in the Cleveland, Ohio, area.
He began his career in show business in the early 1920s, initially on
stage, then began appearing on the radio and in films in 1934. He was
praised for his comedy timing, specializing in one-liners and
rapid-fire delivery of jokes which often were self-deprecating.
Celebrated for his long career performing United Service Organizations
(USO) shows to entertain active duty American military personnel—he
made 57 tours for the
between 1941 and 1991—Hope was declared an
honorary veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces in 1997 by act of the
Congress. He also appeared in numerous specials for
starting in 1950, and was one of the first users of cue cards. He
participated in the sports of golf and boxing and owned a small stake
in his hometown baseball team, the
Indians. He died at age
100 at his home in Toluca Lake, California.
1 Early years
NBC comedy specials
2.4 The Adventures of Bob Hope
2.7 Later appearances
3 Critical reception
4 Personal life
4.2 Extramarital affairs
4.3 Vision philanthropy
5 His later years
6 Illness and death
8 Awards and honors
8.1 Academy Awards
11 See also
13 Further reading
14 External links
Hal Block (far left) and Hope (second from left) meet George
Patton in Sicily during World War II
Hope was born in Eltham, Kent (now part of the London Borough of
Greenwich), the fifth of seven sons. His English father, William Henry
Hope, was a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, and his Welsh
mother, Avis (née Townes), was a light opera singer from Barry, Vale
of Glamorgan, who later worked as a cleaner. William and Avis
married in April 1891 and lived at 12 Greenwood Street in Barry before
moving to Whitehall, Bristol, and then to St George, Bristol. In 1908,
the family emigrated to the United States, sailing aboard the SS
Philadelphia. They passed through Ellis Island, N.Y., on March 30,
1908, before moving on to Cleveland, Ohio.
From age 12, Hope earned pocket money by busking—public performing
to solicit contributions (frequently on the streetcar to Luna Park),
singing, dancing, and performing comedy. He entered numerous
dancing and amateur talent contests as Lester Hope, and won a prize in
1915 for his impersonation of Charlie Chaplin. For a time, he
attended the Boys' Industrial School in Lancaster, Ohio, and as an
adult donated sizable sums of money to the institution. Hope had a
brief career as a boxer in 1919, fighting under the name Packy East.
He had one win and one loss, and he participated in a few staged
charity bouts later in life.
Hope worked as a butcher's assistant and a lineman in his teens and
early twenties. He also had a brief stint at Chandler Motor Car
Company. In 1921, while assisting his brother Jim in clearing trees
for a power company, he was sitting atop a tree that crashed to the
ground, crushing his face; the accident required Hope to undergo
reconstructive surgery, which contributed to his later bizarrely
Deciding on a show business career, Hope and his girlfriend at the
time signed up for dancing lessons. Encouraged after they performed in
a three-day engagement at a club, Hope formed a partnership with Lloyd
Durbin, a friend from the dancing school. Silent film comedian
Fatty Arbuckle saw them perform in 1925 and found them work with a
touring troupe called Hurley's Jolly Follies. Within a year, Hope had
formed an act called the Dancemedians with George Byrne and the Hilton
Sisters, conjoined twins who performed a tap dancing routine in the
vaudeville circuit. Hope and Byrne had an act as Siamese twins as
well, and danced and sang while wearing blackface until friends
advised Hope he was funnier as himself.
In 1929, Hope informally changed his first name to "Bob." In one
version of the story, he named himself after race car driver Bob
Burman. In another, he said he chose the name because he wanted a
name with a "friendly 'Hiya, fellas!' sound" to it. In a 1942
legal document, his legal name is given as Lester Townes Hope; it is
unknown if this reflects a legal name change from Leslie. After
five years on the vaudeville circuit, Hope was "surprised and humbled"
when he failed a 1930 screen test for the French film production
Pathé at Culver City, California.
In the early days, Hope's career included appearances on stage in
vaudeville shows and Broadway productions. He began performing on the
radio in 1934, and switched to television when that medium became
popular in the 1950s. He began doing regular TV specials in 1954,
and hosted the
Academy Awards nineteen times from 1939 through
1977. Overlapping with this was his movie career, spanning 1934 to
1972, and his
USO tours, which he conducted from 1941 to 1991.
Bob Hope filmography
Bob Hope filmography and
Bob Hope short subjects
Hope signed a contract with
Educational Pictures of New York for six
short films. The first was a comedy,
Going Spanish (1934). He was not
happy with it, and told newspaper gossip columnist Walter Winchell,
"When they catch [bank robber] Dillinger, they're going to make him
sit through it twice." Although
Educational Pictures dropped his
contract, he soon signed with Warner Brothers, making movies during
the day and performing in Broadway shows in the evenings.
Bob Hope in
The Ghost Breakers
The Ghost Breakers trailer (1940)
Hope moved to Hollywood when
Paramount Pictures signed him for the
1938 film The Big Broadcast of 1938, also starring W. C. Fields. The
song "Thanks for the Memory", which later became his trademark, was
introduced in the film as a duet with Shirley Ross, accompanied by
Shep Fields and his orchestra. The sentimental, fluid nature of
the music allowed Hope's writers—he depended heavily upon joke
writers throughout his career—to later create variations of the
song to fit specific circumstances, such as bidding farewell to troops
while on tour or mentioning the names of towns in which he was
Bing Crosby and
Dorothy Lamour in
Road to Bali
Road to Bali (1952)
As a movie star, Hope was best known for such comedies as My Favorite
Brunette and the highly successful "Road" movies in which he starred
Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour. The series consists of seven
films made between 1940 and 1962 --
Road to Singapore
Road to Singapore (1940), Road to
Road to Morocco
Road to Morocco (1942),
Road to Utopia
Road to Utopia (1946), Road
to Rio (1947),
Road to Bali
Road to Bali (1952), and
The Road to Hong Kong
The Road to Hong Kong (1962).
Hope had seen Lamour performing as a nightclub singer in New York,
and invited her to work on his
United Service Organizations
United Service Organizations (USO)
tours of military facilities. Lamour sometimes arrived for filming
prepared with her lines, only to be baffled by completely rewritten
scripts or ad lib dialogue between Hope and Crosby. Hope and
Lamour were lifelong friends, and she remains the actress most
associated with his film career although he made movies with dozens of
leading ladies, including such luminaries as Katharine Hepburn,
Paulette Goddard, Hedy Lamarr, Lucille Ball, Rosemary Clooney, Jane
Russell, and Elke Sommer.
From their first meeting in 1932, Hope and Crosby teamed not only for
the "Road" pictures, but for countless stage, radio, and television
appearances and many brief movie appearances together over the decades
 until Crosby's death in 1977. Although the two invested together
in oil leases and other business ventures, worked together frequently,
and lived near each other, they rarely saw each other socially.
Bob Hope and
Bing Crosby sing and dance during "Chicago Style" in Road
to Bali (1952)
After the release of
Road to Singapore
Road to Singapore (1940), Hope's screen career
took off, and he had a long and successful run. After an 11-year
hiatus from the "Road" genre, he and Crosby reteamed for The Road to
Hong Kong (1962), starring the 28-year-old
Joan Collins in place of
Lamour, whom Crosby thought was too old for the part. They had
planned one more movie together in 1977, The Road to the Fountain of
Youth, but filming was postponed when Crosby was injured in a fall,
and the production was cancelled when he suddenly died of heart
failure that October.
Hope starred in 54 theatrical features between 1938 and 1972, as
well as cameos and short films. Most of his later movies failed to
match the stratospheric success of his 1940s efforts. He was
disappointed with his appearance in
Cancel My Reservation
Cancel My Reservation (1972), his
last starring film, and the movie was poorly received by critics and
filmgoers. Though his career as a film star effectively ended in
1972, he did make a few cameo film appearances into the 1980s.
Hope was host of the
Academy Awards ceremony 19 times from 1939 and
1978. His supposedly-feigned desire for an Oscar became part of his
act. While introducing the 1968 telecast, he quipped, "Welcome to
the Academy Awards, or, as it's known at my house, Passover."
Although he was never nominated for an Oscar, the Academy of Motion
Picture Arts and Sciences honored him with four honorary awards, and
in 1960 presented him with the
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, given
each year as part of the Oscars ceremony.
Bob Hope television appearances
Jerry Colonna and
Bob Hope as caricatured by
Sam Berman for NBC's 1947
Hope's career in broadcasting began on radio in 1934. His first
regular series for
NBC Radio was the Woodbury Soap Hour in 1937, on a
26-week contract. A year later, The Pepsodent Show Starring Bob Hope
began, and Hope signed a ten-year contract with the show's sponsor,
Lever Brothers. He hired eight writers and paid them out of his salary
of $2,500 a week. The original staff included Mel Shavelson, Norman
Panama, Jack Rose, Sherwood Schwartz, and Schwartz's brother Al. The
writing staff eventually grew to fifteen. The show became the top
radio program in the country. Regulars on the series included Jerry
Barbara Jo Allen
Barbara Jo Allen as spinster Vera Vague. Hope continued
his lucrative career in radio through to the 1950s, when radio's
popularity began being overshadowed by the upstart television
NBC comedy specials
Hope (right) with his brother Jack (seated), who produced his early
1950s show, with comedian Jack Benny.
Hope did many specials for the
NBC television network in the following
decades, beginning in April 1950. He was one of the first people to
use cue cards. The shows often were sponsored by General Motors
Chrysler (1963–73), and
Texaco (1975–85). Hope's
Christmas specials were popular favorites and often featured a
performance of "Silver Bells"—from his 1951 film The Lemon Drop
Kid—done as a duet with an often much younger female guest star such
as Olivia Newton-John, Barbara Eden, and Brooke Shields, or with
his wife Dolores, a former singer with whom he dueted on two specials.
Hope's 1970 and 1971 Christmas specials for NBC—filmed in
front of military audiences at the height of the war—are on the list
of the Top 46 U.S. network prime-time telecasts. Both were seen by
more than 60 percent of the U.S. households watching television.
James Garner (1961)
The Adventures of Bob Hope
Main article: The Adventures of Bob Hope
Beginning in early 1950, Hope licensed rights to publish a celebrity
comic book titled
The Adventures of Bob Hope to National Periodical
Publications, alias DC Comics. The comic, originally featuring
publicity stills of Hope on the cover, was entirely made up of
fictional stories, eventually including fictitious relatives, a high
school taught by movie monsters, and a superhero called Super-Hip. It
was published intermittently, and continued publication through issue
#109 in 1969. Illustrators included
Bob Oksner and (for the last four
issues) Neal Adams.
See also: USO – Honoring Bob Hope
Hope entertains soldiers during World War II
While aboard the
RMS Queen Mary
RMS Queen Mary when World War II began in September
1939, Hope volunteered to perform a special show for the passengers,
during which he sang "Thanks for the Memory" with rewritten
lyrics. He performed his first
USO show on May 6, 1941, at March
Field in California, and continued to travel and entertain troops
for the rest of World War II, later during the Korean War, the Vietnam
War, the third phase of the Lebanon Civil War, the latter years of the
Iran–Iraq War, and the 1990–91 Persian Gulf War. His USO
career lasted a half-century during which he headlined 57 times.
He had a deep respect for the men and women who served in the
military, and this was reflected in his willingness to go anywhere to
entertain them. However, during the highly controversial Vietnam
War, Hope had trouble convincing some performers to join him on tour.
Anti-war sentiment was high, and his pro-troop stance made him a
target of criticism from some quarters. Some shows were drowned out by
boos, others were listened to in silence.
The tours were funded by the U.S. Department of Defense, Hope's
television sponsors, and by NBC, the network that broadcast the
television specials created after each tour from footage shot on
location. However, the footage and shows were owned by Hope's own
production company, which made them very lucrative ventures for him,
as outlined by writer
Richard Zoglin in his 2014 biography "Hope:
Entertainer of the Century."
Lackland Air Force Base
Lackland Air Force Base in Texas in 1990.
Hope sometimes recruited his own family members for
USO travel. His
wife, Dolores, sang from atop an armored vehicle during the Desert
Storm tour, and granddaughter Miranda appeared alongside him on an
aircraft carrier in the Indian Ocean. Of Hope's
USO shows in World
War II, novelist John Steinbeck, who then was working as a war
correspondent, wrote in 1943:
"When the time for recognition of service to the nation in wartime
comes to be considered,
Bob Hope should be high on the list. This man
drives himself and is driven. It is impossible to see how he can do so
much, can cover so much ground, can work so hard, and can be so
effective. He works month after month at a pace that would kill most
For his service to his country through the USO, he was awarded the
Sylvanus Thayer Award
Sylvanus Thayer Award by the
United States Military Academy
United States Military Academy at West
Point in 1968. A 1997 act of Congress signed by President Bill
Clinton named Hope an "Honorary Veteran." He remarked, "I've been
given many awards in my lifetime, but to be numbered among the men and
women I admire most is the greatest honor I have ever received."
In an homage to Hope, comedian/TV host
Stephen Colbert carried a golf
club on stage during the single week of
USO performances he taped for
his TV show, The Colbert Report, during the 2009 season.
Bob Hope and actress
Ann Jillian perform in the
USO Christmas Tour
during Operation Desert Shield, 1990
Hope's first Broadway appearances, in 1927's The Sidewalks of New York
and 1928's Ups-a-Daisy, were minor walk-on parts. He returned to
Broadway in 1933 to star as Huckleberry Haines in the
Jerome Kern /
Dorothy Fields musical Roberta. Stints in the musicals Say When,
Ziegfeld Follies with Fanny Brice, and
Red, Hot and Blue with
Ethel Merman and
Jimmy Durante followed. Hope reprised his role as
Huck Haines in a 1958 production of
The Muny Theater in
Forest Park in St. Louis, Missouri.
Additionally, Hope rescued the
Eltham Little Theatre in
closure by providing funds to buy the property. He continued his
interest and support, and regularly visited the facility when in
London. In 1982, the theater was renamed in his honor.
In 1992, Hope made a guest appearance as himself on the animated Fox
series The Simpsons, in the episode titled "Lisa the Beauty Queen"
(season 4, episode 4). His 90th birthday television celebration in
May 1993, Bob Hope: The First 90 Years, won an
Emmy Award for
Outstanding Variety, Music Or Comedy Special. Toward the end of
his career, worsening vision problems rendered him unable to read his
cue cards. In October 1996, he announced he was ending his 60-year
contract with NBC, joking that he "decided to become a free
agent." His final television special, Laughing with the
Presidents, was broadcast in November 1996, with host Tony Danza
helping him present a personal retrospective of presidents of the
United States known to Hope, a frequent White House visitor over the
years. However, the special received poor reviews. Following a
brief appearance at the 50th
Primetime Emmy Awards in 1997, Hope made
his last TV appearance, a 1997 commercial with the introduction of Big
Kmart directed by Penny Marshall.
Hope with comic sidekick Jerry Colonna and his trademark handlebar
mustache in 1940.
Hope was widely praised for his comedy timing and his specialization
in the use of one-liners and rapid-fire delivery of jokes. His style
of self-deprecating jokes, first building himself up then tearing
himself down, was unique. Working tirelessly, he performed hundreds of
times per year. Such early films as The Cat and the Canary (1939)
and The Paleface (1948) were financially successful and praised by
critics, and by the mid-1940s, with his radio program getting good
ratings as well, he was one of the most popular entertainers in the
United States. When Paramount threatened to stop production of the
"Road" pictures in 1945, they received 75,000 letters of protest.
Hope had no faith in his skills as a dramatic actor, and his
performances of that type were not as well received. He had been a
leader in radio until the late 1940s, but as his ratings began to slip
in the 1950s, he switched to television and became an early pioneer of
that medium. And, in keeping with his ever-hectic schedule, he
published several books he dictated to ghostwriters about his wartime
Although Hope made an effort to keep his material up to date, he never
adapted his comic persona or his routines to any great degree. As
Hollywood began to transition to the "New Hollywood" era in the 1960s,
he reacted negatively, such as when he hosted the 40th Academy Awards
in 1968 and voiced his contempt by mocking the show's delay because of
the assassination of
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. and condescendingly
greeted attending younger actors on stage—such as Dustin Hoffman,
who was 30 at the time—as children. By the 1970s, his popularity
was beginning to wane with military personnel and with the movie-going
public in general. However, he continued doing
USO tours into the
1980s, and continued to appear on television into the 1990s.
Former First Lady Nancy Reagan, a close friend and frequent host to
him at the White House, called Hope "America's most honored citizen
and our favorite clown."
Bob Hope, a golf fan, putting a golf ball into an ashtray held by
Richard Nixon in the
Oval Office in 1973
Hope was well known as an avid golfer, playing in as many as 150
charity tournaments a year. Introduced to the game in the 1930s
while performing in Winnipeg, Canada, he eventually played to a
four handicap. His love for the game—and the humor he could find in
it—made him a sought-after foursome member. He once remarked that
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower gave up golf for painting --
"Fewer strokes, you know." He also was quoted as saying, "It's
wonderful how you can start out with three strangers in the morning,
play 18 holes, and by the time the day is over you have three solid
A golf club became an integral prop for Hope during the standup
segments of his television specials and
USO shows. In 1978, he putted
against the then-two-year-old
Tiger Woods in a television appearance
with the actor Jimmy Stewart on The Mike Douglas Show.
Bob Hope Classic, founded in 1960, made history in 1995 when Hope
teed up for the opening round in a foursome that included Presidents
Gerald Ford, George H.W. Bush, and Bill Clinton, the only time three
U.S. presidents played in the same golf foursome. The event, now
known as the CareerBuilder Challenge, was one of the few PGA Tour
tournaments that took place over five rounds, until the 2012
tournament when it was cut back to the conventional four.
Hope had a heavy interest in sports beyond golf and his brief fling as
a professional boxer in his youth. In 1946, he bought a small stake in
Cleveland Indians professional baseball team and held it for
most of the rest of his life. He appeared on the June 3, 1963,
Sports Illustrated magazine wearing an Indians uniform,
and sang a special version of "Thanks for the Memory" after the
Indians' last game at
Cleveland Stadium on October 3, 1993. He
also bought a share with
Bing Crosby of the
Los Angeles Rams
Los Angeles Rams football
team in 1947, but sold it in 1962. He frequently used his
television specials to promote the annual AP College Football
All-America Team. The players would come onstage one-by-one and
introduce themselves, then Hope, often dressed in a football uniform,
would give a one-liner about the player or his school.
The Hope family. Back, from left: Tony, Dolores, and Linda. Front,
from left: Kelly, Hope, and Nora
Hope's short-lived first marriage was to vaudeville partner Grace
Louise Troxell, a secretary from Chicago, Illinois, who was the
daughter of Edward and Mary (McGinnes) Troxell. They were married on
January 25, 1933, in Erie, Pennsylvania, with
Alberstadt officiating. They divorced in November 1934.
The couple had shared headliner status with Joe Howard at the Palace
Theatre in April 1931, performing "Keep Smiling" and the "Antics of
1931." The couple was working together at the RKO Albee,
performing the "Antics of 1933" along with Ann Gillens and Johnny
Peters in June of that year. The following month, singer Dolores
Reade joined Hope's vaudeville troupe and was performing with him at
Loew's Metropolitan Theater. She was described as a "former Zeigfeld
beauty and one of society's favorite nightclub entertainers, having
appeared at many private social functions at New York, Palm Beach, and
Their long marriage was fraught with ambiguities. As Richard Zoglin
wrote in his 2014 biography Hope: Entertainer of the Century, "Bob and
Dolores always claimed that they married in February 1934 in Erie,
Pennsylvania. But at that time he was secretly married to his
vaudeville partner Louise Troxell, after three years together on and
off. I found divorce papers for Bob and Louise dated November 1934, so
Bob Hope was a bigamist or he lied about marrying Dolores in
February that year. He'd actually married Louise in January 1933 in
Erie when they were traveling on the vaudeville circuit. When he
claimed he had married Dolores in Erie he was miles away in New York,
on Broadway. More intriguing, there is no record anywhere of his
marriage to Dolores, if it happened. And there are no wedding photos,
either. But he never forgot Louise and quietly sent her money in her
later years." It is interesting to note that "New York City,
Marriage License Indexes, 1907-1995" at Ancestry.com, includes a 1993
marriage license for Dolores Mary Defina and Lester Townes Hope in
Dolores (DeFina) Reade had been one of Hope's co-stars on Broadway in
Roberta. The couple adopted four children through an Evanston, IL,
adoption agency called The Cradle: Linda (in 1939), Tony (1940), Kelly
(1946), and Eleanora, known as Nora (1946). From them, they had
several grandchildren, including Andrew, Miranda, and Zachary Hope.
Tony (as Anthony J. Hope) served as a presidential appointee in the
George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush and Clinton administrations and in a variety of
posts under Presidents
Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan.
The couple lived at 10346 Moorpark Street in Toluca Lake, California
from 1937 until his death. In 1935, they lived in Manhattan.
Dorothy Lamour in Road to Bali
Hope had a reputation as a womanizer and continued to see other women
throughout his marriage. As Zoglin wrote in Hope: Entertainer of
the Century, "
Bob Hope had affairs with chorus girls, beauty queens,
singers and showbiz wannabes up into his 70s. He had a different girl
on his arm every night. He was still having affairs into his 80s..."
As just one example among many, in 1949 while Hope was in
Dallas on a
publicity tour for his radio show, he met Barbara Payton, a contract
player at Universal Studios, who at the time was on her own public
relations jaunt. Shortly thereafter, Hope set up Payton in an
apartment in Hollywood. The arrangement soured as Hope was not
able to satisfy Payton's definition of generosity and her need for
attention. Hope paid her off to end the affair quietly. Payton
later revealed the affair in an article printed in July 1956 in the
tell-all magazine Confidential. "Hope was ... at times a
mean-spirited individual with the ability to respond with a ruthless
vengeance when sufficiently provoked." His advisors counseled him
to avoid further publicity by ignoring the Confidential exposé.
"Barbara's ... revelations caused a minor ripple ... and
then quickly sank without causing any appreciable damage to Bob Hope's
According to Arthur Marx's 1993 Hope biography, The Secret Life of Bob
Hope, Hope's subsequent long-term affair with actress Marilyn Maxwell
was so open that the Hollywood community routinely referred to her as
"Mrs. Bob Hope".
From left to right: Spiro and Judy Agnew, Bob and Dolores Hope,
Richard and Pat Nixon, Nancy and
Ronald Reagan during a campaign stop
Nixon-Agnew ticket in California, 1971
Hope, who suffered from vision problems for much of his adult life,
served as an active honorary chairman on the board of Fight for Sight,
a nonprofit organization in the United States which funds medical
research in vision and ophthalmology. He hosted its Lights On telecast
in 1960 and donated $100,000 to establish the
Bob Hope Fight for Sight
Fund. Hope recruited numerous top celebrities for the annual
"Lights On" fundraiser. As an example, he hosted boxing champion Joe
Frazier, actress Yvonne De Carlo, and singer-actor
Sergio Franchi as
headliners for the April 25, 1971, show at Philharmonic Hall in
His later years
Hope (left) with
Nancy Reagan and President
Ronald Reagan in 1981
Bob Hope and his wife, Dolores Hope, on Capitol Hill as he receives an
award in 1978
Hope continued an active entertainment career past his 75th birthday,
concentrating on his television specials and
Although he had given up starring in movies after Cancel My
Reservation, he made several cameos in various films and co-starred
Don Ameche in the 1986 TV movie A Masterpiece of Murder. A
television special created for his 80th birthday in 1983 at the
Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., featured President Ronald Reagan,
actress Lucille Ball, comedian-actor-writer George Burns, and many
others. In 1985, he was presented with the Life Achievement Award
Kennedy Center Honors, and in 1998 he was appointed an
honorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British
Empire (OBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. Upon accepting the appointment,
Hope quipped, "I'm speechless. 70 years of ad lib material and I'm
At the age of 95, Hope made an appearance at the 50th anniversary of
Primetime Emmy Awards with
Milton Berle and Sid Caesar. Two
years later, he was present at the opening of the
Bob Hope Gallery of
American Entertainment at the Library of Congress. The Library of
Congress has presented two major exhibitions about Hope's life --
"Hope for America: Performers, Politics and Pop Culture" and "Bob Hope
and American Variety."
Hope celebrated his 100th birthday on May 29, 2003. He is among a
small group of notable centenarians in the field of entertainment. To
mark this event, the intersection of
Hollywood and Vine
Hollywood and Vine in Los Angeles
was named "
Bob Hope Square" and his centennial was declared "Bob Hope
Day" in 35 states. Even at 100, Hope maintained his self-deprecating
sense of humor, quipping, "I'm so old, they've canceled my blood
type." He converted to Roman Catholicism late in life.
Illness and death
In 1998, five years before his death, a prepared obituary written by
Associated Press inadvertently was released, resulting in Hope's
death being announced on the floor of the U.S. House of
Representatives. However, Hope remained in relatively good
health until late in his old age, though he became somewhat frail in
his last few years. In June 2000, he spent nearly a week in a
California hospital being treated for gastrointestinal bleeding.
In August 2001, he spent close to two weeks in a hospital recovering
Graves of Bob and Dolores Hope, on the grounds of the Mission San
Fernando Rey de Espana
On the morning of July 27, 2003, Hope died of pneumonia aged 100 at
his home in Toluca Lake, California. His grandson Zach Hope told
Soledad O'Brien that, when asked on his deathbed where
he wanted to be buried, Hope told his wife, Dolores, "Surprise
me." He was interred in the
Bob Hope Memorial Garden at San
Fernando Mission Cemetery in Los Angeles, joined in 2011 by Dolores
when she died—four months after her 102nd birthday. After his
death, newspaper cartoonists worldwide paid tribute to his work for
the USO, and some featured drawings of Bing Crosby, who had died in
1977, welcoming Hope to Heaven.
As a final honor and tribute to his life of service to the
USO and to
men and women of the United States Military, on July 30, 2003, the
United States Congress
United States Congress passed the
Bob Hope Arlington Honors Act of
2003, which "Directs the Secretary of the Army to permit the burial of
Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope of California, an honorary veteran of the
armed forces, in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, upon the
request of his family."
Modernist 23,366-square-foot (2,171 m2) home, built to
resemble a volcano, was designed in 1973 by John Lautner. It is
located above Palm Springs, with panoramic views of the Coachella
Valley and the San Jacinto Mountains. It was put on the market for the
first time in February 2013 with an asking price of $50 million.
Hope also owned a home which had been custom built for him in 1939 on
an 87,000-square-foot (8,083 m2) lot in Toluca Lake. That house
was put on the market in late 2012. His house at 2466 Southridge
Drive in Palm Springs, California, sold in November 2016 for $13
million to investor Ron Burkle, far below its 2013 asking price of $50
Awards and honors
Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Bob Hope
Nancy Reagan prepares to present Hope (age 94) with the Ronald Reagan
Freedom Award, 1997
Hope was awarded more than 2,000 honors and awards, including 54
honorary university doctorates. In 1963, President John F. Kennedy
awarded him the
Congressional Gold Medal
Congressional Gold Medal for service to his
Lyndon Johnson bestowed the Presidential Medal
of Freedom in 1969 for his service to the armed forces through the
USO. In 1982, he received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest
Public Service by a Private Citizen, an honor given annually by
Jefferson Awards. He was presented with the National Medal of
Arts in 1995 and received the
Ronald Reagan Freedom Award in
1997. On June 10, 1980, he became the 64th—and only
civilian—recipient of the United States Air Force Order of the Sword
which recognizes individuals who have made significant contributions
to the enlisted corps.
Several buildings and facilities were renamed for Hope, including the
historic Fox Theater in downtown Stockton, CA, and the Bob Hope
Airport in Burbank, CA. There is a
Bob Hope Gallery at the
Library of Congress. In memory of his mother, Avis Towns Hope,
Dolores Hope gave the Basilica of the National Shrine of the
Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC, a chapel called the Chapel of
Our Lady of Hope. USNS Bob Hope (T-AKR-300) of the U.S.
Military Sealift Command
Military Sealift Command was named for the performer in 1997. It is
one of very few U.S. naval ships that were named after living
people. The Air Force named a
C-17 Globemaster III
C-17 Globemaster III transport
aircraft the Spirit of Bob Hope.
In 1978, Hope was invited to dot the "i" in the Ohio State University
Marching Band's "Script Ohio" formation, an honor only given to
non-band members on 14 occasions from 1936 through 2016. He also
sang a version of his classic song "Thanks for the Memory" after the
Cleveland Indians game in Cleveland's Municipal Stadium on
October 3, 1993.
In Hope's hometown of Cleveland, the refurbished Lorain-Carnegie
Bridge was renamed the Hope Memorial Bridge in 1983, though differing
claims have been made as to whether the bridge honors Hope himself,
his entire family, or his stonemason father who helped in the bridge's
construction. Also, East 14th Street near
Playhouse Square in
Cleveland's theater district was renamed Memory Lane-
Bob Hope Way in
2003 in honor of the entertainer's 100th birthday.
In 1992, Hope was honored with the "Lombardi Award of Excellence" from
Vince Lombardi Cancer Foundation. The award was created to honor
the football coach's legacy, and is awarded annually to an individual
who exemplifies his spirit. On May 28, 2003, President George W. Bush
Bob Hope American Patriot Award.
Although he was never nominated for a competitive Oscar, Hope was
given five honorary awards by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and
Academy Awards (1940):
Special Award in recognition of his
unselfish services to the motion picture industry
Academy Awards (1944):
Special Award for his many services to the
Academy Awards (1952): Honorary Award for his contribution
to the laughter of the world, his service to the motion picture
industry, and his devotion to the American premise
Academy Awards (1959):
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Academy Awards (1965): Honorary Award for unique and
distinguished service to the industry and the Academy
"Thanks for the Memory" (A-side) (
Bob Hope and Shirley Ross)
"Two Sleepy People" (B-side) (
Bob Hope and Shirley Ross)
"(We're Off on the) Road to Morocco" (
Bing Crosby and Bob Hope)
"Blind Date" (
Margaret Whiting and Bob Hope)
Bob Hope bibliography
Bob Hope television appearances
^ a b At the time of his birth,
Eltham had been part of the County of
London since 1900
^ "Committee Reports: 105th Congress (1997–1998): House Report
105-109". Library of Congress. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
^ "Barry Ideas Bank". Crowdicity. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
^ Moreno 2008, p. 88.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 4.
Bob Hope and the American Variety: Early Life". Library of
Congress. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
^ "Boys' Industrial School". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005.
Retrieved August 7, 2011.
^ "Bob Hope". Boxing-scoop.com. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
^ White, Timothy (March 20, 1980). "
Bob Hope Reflects on the Road Not
Taken". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 19–23.
^ Faith 2003, pp. 402–403.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 44.
^ Grudens 2002, pp. 15–16.
Bob Hope and American Variety: On the Road:
USO Shows". Library of
Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 57–58.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 229.
^ "Bob Hope: King of the Oscars". Biography. Retrieved July 19,
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 318–320.
^ a b c Grudens 2002, pp. 181–182.
^ Maltin 1972, p. 25.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 105, 107.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 110, 113.
^ Lahr 1998.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 133.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 112.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 128.
^ Grudens 2002, pp. 174–180.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 127.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 127, 137.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 265.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 287.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 41.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 285–286.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 154.
^ McCaffrey 2005, p. 56.
^ Nachman 1998, p. 144.
^ Grudens 2002, pp. 30–32.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 92–103.
^ Grudens 2002, pp. 47–48.
^ a b Grudens 2002, p. 160.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 48.
^ Friedrich 1986, p. 26.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 113.
^ a b King, Larry (August 27, 2003). "Interview Q&A between
Hope-Smith and Z. Hope: Tribute to Bob Hope". Larry King Live. CNN
^ Grudens 2002, pp. 251, 254, 258.
^ Steinbeck 1958, p. 65.
^ "1968 Sylvanus Thayer Award: Bob Hope". West Point Association of
Graduates. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
^ Faith 2003, p. 429.
^ "A salute for Stephen Colbert". Los Angeles Times. Eddy Hartenstein.
June 13, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
^ Faith 2003, p. 403.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 71.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 73–75.
Bob Hope opened in The Muny's production of Roberta". The
Muny. June 16, 1958. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
^ "Bob Hope's 100th Birthday". The
Bob Hope Theatre. May 29, 2003.
Retrieved August 14, 2012.
^ "The Simpsons: Lisa and the Beauty Queen". Fox Broadcasting Company.
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^ "Bob Hope: The First 90 Years: NBC". Academy of Television Arts and
Sciences. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 291.
^ Errico, Marcus (October 23, 1996). "
Bob Hope Liberated from NBC
After 60 Years". E! Entertainment Television. Retrieved August 18,
^ Seely, Mike (November 30, 2005). "Bob Hope's Laughing with the
Presidents (1997)". The Riverfront Times. Village Voice Media
Holdings. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
^ Lorencz, Mary; Baldwin, Paula (October 23, 1997). "Kmart Launches
Celebrity-Studded TV Ad Campaign for New Big Kmart". Press release.
Sears Holdings Corporation. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 158.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 123, 183.
^ a b Quirk 1998, p. 153.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 172.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 184, 187.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 173.
^ Harris, Mark (2008). Pictures at a Revolution. Penguin Press.
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 255, 276, 314.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 161.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 312.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 57.
^ McCarten, Barry (August 12, 2012). "History and Live Theatre in
Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved August 31,
^ West, Bob (May 31, 1980). "
Bob Hope hooked for life by golf, Hughen
students". The Port Arthur News. Roger Underwood. Retrieved July 19,
^ "Profile: Bob Hope". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 4,
^ "New era dawns in California desert". Fox Broadcasting Company.
January 18, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
^ "Tournament History".
Chrysler Classic. Archived from the
original on March 1, 2000. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
^ "Humana Challenge Unveils Tournament Details and Structure at Media
Day". Business Wire. December 6, 2011. Retrieved August 10,
Bing Crosby Buys Chunk of Pirates As Club Sold to New Owners'
Group". Windsor Daily Star. August 9, 1946. p. Second section, p.
^ Rea, Steven X (August 21, 1982). "Why Bob Hope's Still on the Road".
Montreal Gazette. Alan Allnutt. p. E–1. Retrieved August 10,
^ "SI Vault: Bob Hope". Sports Illustrated. Turner Sports &
Entertainment Digital Network. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
^ Dawidziak, Mark (May 29, 2003). "For our favorite son Bob Hope, all
roads lead back home to Ohio".
Cleveland Plain Dealer. Advance
Publications. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved
August 12, 2012.
^ "Reeves Buys Rams For $4.8 Million". Lodi News-Sentinel. Marty
Weybret. December 28, 1962. p. 9.
^ "FWAA Names 2009 All-American Team". Football Writers Association of
America. December 12, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
^ "Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885-1950," database with images,
William H Hope in entry for Leslie T Hope and Grace L Troxell, January
25, 1933; citing Marriage, Pennsylvania, county courthouses,
Pennsylvania; FHL microfilm 2,259,873.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 66.
^ a b Sheridan, Peter (August 16, 2014). "
Bob Hope the Bigamist".
Daily Express. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
^ The Scranton Republican, Scranton, Pennsylvania, Monday, April 27,
1931, p. 4
^ The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, New York, Wednesday, June 28,
1933, p. 35
^ Eagle Brooklyn, New York, Saturday, July 14, 1933, p. 5
^ Ancestry.com, Dolores Mary Defina in the New York City, Marriage
License Indexes, 1907-1995
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 86–87.
^ "Anthony J. Hope, 63, Head Of Panel and Bob Hope's Son". The New
York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. July 2, 2004. Retrieved June
^ 1940 US Census via Ancestry.com
^ Quirk 1998, pp. 82, 90.
^ O'Dowd 2006, p. 65.
^ O'Dowd 2006, pp. 66, 67.
^ O'Dowd 2006, p. 311.
^ a b c O'Dowd 2006, p. 313.
^ Marx, Arthur (1993). The Secret Life of Bob Hope: An Unauthorized
Biography. Fort Lee, New Jersey: Barricade Books.
^ "History: Fight for Sight Leaders: Lights On Fundraiser, Celebrity
Supporters". Fight for Sight. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
^ Wilson, Earl (April 14, 1971). "
Sergio Franchi & Yvonne de Carlo
featured at "Fight for Sight" Benefit". The
Milwaukee, WI: Elizabeth Brenner.
^ "A Masterpiece of Murder (1896)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved
August 16, 2012.
Bob Hope Show: Happy Birthday, Bob!". CBS Corporation.
Retrieved August 16, 2012.
^ "History of Past Honorees".
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved August 16,
^ Ward, Linda. "Bob Hope: Thanks for the memory". Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
^ Gallo, Phil (September 12, 1998). "The 50th Annual Primetime Emmy
Awards". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved August 16,
^ "Hope for America: Performers, Politics and Pop Culture". Library of
Congress. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved
August 16, 2012.
Bob Hope and American Variety". Library of Congress. Retrieved
August 16, 2012.
^ "Bob Hope's 100th birthday greeted with good wishes". USA Today.
Gannett Company. Associated Press. May 30, 2003. Retrieved November
^ a b "Comedian
Bob Hope dies". BBC News. July 28, 2003. Retrieved
August 18, 2012.
^ "St. Charles Catholic Church". Gary Wayne. Archived from the
original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
^ House Session. C-SPAN. June 5, 1998. Event occurs at 6:01:45.
Retrieved July 15, 2012.
^ Quirk 1998, p. 313.
^ Grudens 2002, p. 148.
Bob Hope released from hospital". CNN. June 7, 2000. Archived from
the original on October 1, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
Bob Hope stays in hospital". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media.
September 4, 2001. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
^ O'Brien, Soledad (July 29, 2003). "Hope grandson: Laughter until the
end". CNN. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
^ Doyle, Paula (August 23, 2005). "
Bob Hope Memorial Garden opens at
San Fernando Mission". Catholic News Service. Archived from the
original on August 24, 2005. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
^ "In Memory of Bob Hope". Forward Air Controllers Association.
Retrieved June 10, 2012.
^ Higgins, Michelle (February 25, 2013). "
Bob Hope Estate in Palm
Springs Is Up for Sale". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25,
^ Mikailian 2012.
^ Grudens 2002, pp. 152–153.
^ "Great American Patriot Bob Hope". USA Patriotism. Retrieved August
^ "National Winners: Public service awards". Jefferson Awards.org.
Jefferson Awards for Public Service. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
^ "Lifetime Honors: 1995". National Endowment for the Arts. Archived
from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
^ "Hope Gets Freedom Award". Times-Union. Warsaw, Indiana. May 30,
1997. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
^ "Members of the Order of the Sword". Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base,
Montgomery, Alabama: Air University. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
^ "Durkan Plays the Supporting Role in the Restoration of Bob Hope
Theater" (PDF). The Mohawk Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on
December 14, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
^ Castro, Tony (June 1, 2010). "Burbank airport honors namesake". Los
Angeles Daily News. Jack Klunder. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
Bob Hope Gallery" . Retrieved July 14, 2015.
^ Mary Claire Campbell, "
Bob Hope and His Ladies of Hope: His Mother,
Our Lady of Hope
Our Lady of Hope Made All the Difference in His Life",
October 19, 2011, . Retrieved July 14, 2015.
^ "T-AKR USNS
Bob Hope Large, Medium-speed, roll-on/roll-off ships
[LMSR]". Federation of American Scientists. 2011. Archived from the
original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
^ "Boeing C-17 Dedicated to the Spirit of Medal of Honor". Warplanes
Online Community. Archived from the original on June 23, 2013.
Retrieved August 15, 2012.
^ "Nicklaus to dot the I on Saturday".
^ "Ohio remembers Bob Hope's roots on his 100th birthday".
^ Office of the Press Secretary (June 3, 2003). "Establishing the Bob
Hope American Patriot Award" (PDF). Federal Register. Washington,
D.C.: Federal Government of the United States. Archived from the
original on June 3, 2003. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Pictures Arts &
Sciences. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories: 1890-1954. Record
Faith, William Robert (2003). Bob Hope: A Life in Comedy. Cambridge,
MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81207-1.
Friedrich, Otto (1986). City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in
1940s. Berkeley; Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Grudens, Richard (2002). The Spirit of Bob Hope: One Hundred Years,
One Million Laughs. Soiux Falls, SD: Pine Hill Press.
Lahr, John (December 21, 1998). "Profiles: The CEO of Comedy". The New
Maltin, Leonard (1972). The Great Movie Shorts. New York: Da Capo
Press. ISBN 978-0-517-50455-0.
McCaffrey, Donald W. (2005). The Road to Comedy: The films of Bob
Hope. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-98257-7.
Mikailian, Arin (December 5, 2012). "Bob Hope's
Toluca Lake Home
Hitting the Market". North Hollywood-
Toluca Lake Patch. Retrieved June
Moreno, Barry (2008). Ellis Island's Famous Immigrants. Charleston,
SC: Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-5533-1.
Nachman, Gerald (1998). Raised on Radio. New York: Pantheon Books.
O'Dowd, John (2006). Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye: The
Barbara Payton Story.
Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-063-9.
Quirk, Lawrence J. (1998). Bob Hope: The Road Well-Traveled. New York:
Applause. ISBN 978-1-55783-353-2.
Steinbeck, John (1958). Once There Was A War. New York: Viking Press.
Mills, Robert L. (2009). The Laugh Makers: A Behind the Scenes Tribute
to Bob Hope's Incredible Gag Writers. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media.
Wilde, Larry (2000). The Great Comedians
Talk About Comedy. Executive
Books. ISBN 978-0-937539-51-4.
Young, Jordan R. (1999). The Laugh Crafters: Comedy Writing in Radio
and TV's Golden Age. Beverly Hills, CA: Past Times Publishing.
Zoglin, Richard (2014). Hope: Entertainer of the Century. New York:
Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4391-4858-7.
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NBC tribute series:
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"100 Years of Hope: The Early Years"
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"Thanks for the Memory"
"Two Sleepy People"
"The Road to Morocco" (with Bing Crosby)
"Buttons and Bows"
Bob Hope Presents the
The Adventures of Bob Hope
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Awards and nominations
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Awards for Bob Hope
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Warner Bros. /
Charlie Chaplin (1928)
Walt Disney (1932)
Shirley Temple (1934)
D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith (1935)
The March of Time
The March of Time /
W. Howard Greene and
Harold Rosson (1936)
Edgar Bergen /
W. Howard Greene /
Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art Film Library /
Mack Sennett (1937)
J. Arthur Ball /
Walt Disney /
Deanna Durbin and
Mickey Rooney /
Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art
Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills,
Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst /
Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey /
Harry Warner (1938)
Douglas Fairbanks /
Judy Garland /
William Cameron Menzies / Motion
Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad
Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939)
Bob Hope /
Nathan Levinson (1940)
Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA
Manufacturing Company /
Leopold Stokowski and his associates / Rey
Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941)
Charles Boyer /
Noël Coward /
George Pal (1943)
Bob Hope /
Margaret O'Brien (1944)
Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound
Walter Wanger / The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner
Harold Russell /
Laurence Olivier /
Ernst Lubitsch / Claude Jarman Jr.
James Baskett / Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith,
George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor /
Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947)
Walter Wanger /
Monsieur Vincent /
Sid Grauman /
Adolph Zukor (1948)
Jean Hersholt /
Fred Astaire /
Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille / The Bicycle Thief
Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer /
George Murphy /
The Walls of Malapaga (1950)
Gene Kelly /
Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper /
Bob Hope /
Harold Lloyd / George Mitchell / Joseph
M. Schenck /
Forbidden Games (1952)
20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph
Breen / Pete Smith (1953)
Bausch & Lomb Optical Company /
Danny Kaye / Kemp Niver / Greta
Jon Whiteley /
Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954)
Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955)
Eddie Cantor (1956)
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers / Gilbert M.
"Broncho Billy" Anderson /
Charles Brackett /
B. B. Kahane (1957)
Maurice Chevalier (1958)
Buster Keaton /
Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest (1959)
Gary Cooper /
Stan Laurel /
Hayley Mills (1960)
William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler /
Jerome Robbins (1961)
William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle (1964)
Bob Hope (1965)
Yakima Canutt /
Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman (1966)
Arthur Freed (1967)
John Chambers /
Onna White (1968)
Cary Grant (1969)
Lillian Gish /
Orson Welles (1970)
Charlie Chaplin (1971)
Charles S. Boren /
Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson (1972)
Henri Langlois /
Groucho Marx (1973)
Howard Hawks /
Jean Renoir (1974)
Mary Pickford (1975)
Margaret Booth (1977)
Walter Lantz /
Laurence Olivier /
King Vidor / Museum of Modern Art
Department of Film (1978)
Hal Elias /
Alec Guinness (1979)
Henry Fonda (1980)
Barbara Stanwyck (1981)
Mickey Rooney (1982)
Hal Roach (1983)
James Stewart /
National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts (1984)
Paul Newman /
Alex North (1985)
Ralph Bellamy (1986)
Kodak Company /
National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada (1988)
Akira Kurosawa (1989)
Sophia Loren /
Myrna Loy (1990)
Satyajit Ray (1991)
Federico Fellini (1992)
Deborah Kerr (1993)
Michelangelo Antonioni (1994)
Kirk Douglas /
Chuck Jones (1995)
Michael Kidd (1996)
Stanley Donen (1997)
Elia Kazan (1998)
Andrzej Wajda (1999)
Jack Cardiff /
Ernest Lehman (2000)
Sidney Poitier /
Robert Redford (2001)
Peter O'Toole (2002)
Blake Edwards (2003)
Sidney Lumet (2004)
Robert Altman (2005)
Ennio Morricone (2006)
Robert F. Boyle (2007)
Lauren Bacall /
Roger Corman /
Gordon Willis (2009)
Kevin Brownlow /
Jean-Luc Godard /
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James Earl Jones / Dick Smith (2011)
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George Stevens Jr. (2012)
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Hayao Miyazaki /
Maureen O'Hara (2014)
Spike Lee /
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Jackie Chan /
Lynn Stalmaster /
Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman
Charles Burnett /
Owen Roizman /
Donald Sutherland / Agnès Varda
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Y. Frank Freeman (1956)
Samuel Goldwyn (1957)
Bob Hope (1959)
Sol Lesser (1960)
George Seaton (1961)
Steve Broidy (1962)
Edmond L. DePatie (1965)
George Bagnall (1966)
Gregory Peck (1967)
Martha Raye (1968)
George Jessel (1969)
Frank Sinatra (1970)
Rosalind Russell (1972)
Lew Wasserman (1973)
Arthur B. Krim (1974)
Jules C. Stein (1975)
Charlton Heston (1977)
Leo Jaffe (1978)
Robert Benjamin (1979)
Danny Kaye (1981)
Walter Mirisch (1982)
M. J. Frankovich (1983)
David L. Wolper (1984)
Charles "Buddy" Rogers (1985)
Howard W. Koch (1989)
Audrey Hepburn / Elizabeth Taylor (1992)
Paul Newman (1993)
Quincy Jones (1994)
Arthur Hiller (2001)
Roger Mayer (2005)
Sherry Lansing (2007)
Jerry Lewis (2009)
Oprah Winfrey (2011)
Jeffrey Katzenberg (2012)
Angelina Jolie (2013)
Harry Belafonte (2014)
Debbie Reynolds (2015)
Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille Award
Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille (1952)
Walt Disney (1953)
Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck (1954)
Jean Hersholt (1955)
Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner (1956)
Mervyn LeRoy (1957)
Buddy Adler (1958)
Maurice Chevalier (1959)
Bing Crosby (1960)
Fred Astaire (1961)
Judy Garland (1962)
Bob Hope (1963)
Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine (1964)
James Stewart (1965)
John Wayne (1966)
Charlton Heston (1967)
Kirk Douglas (1968)
Gregory Peck (1969)
Joan Crawford (1970)
Frank Sinatra (1971)
Alfred Hitchcock (1972)
Samuel Goldwyn (1973)
Bette Davis (1974)
Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis (1975)
Walter Mirisch (1977)
Red Skelton (1978)
Lucille Ball (1979)
Henry Fonda (1980)
Gene Kelly (1981)
Sidney Poitier (1982)
Laurence Olivier (1983)
Paul Newman (1984)
Elizabeth Taylor (1985)
Barbara Stanwyck (1986)
Anthony Quinn (1987)
Clint Eastwood (1988)
Doris Day (1989)
Audrey Hepburn (1990)
Jack Lemmon (1991)
Robert Mitchum (1992)
Lauren Bacall (1993)
Robert Redford (1994)
Sophia Loren (1995)
Sean Connery (1996)
Dustin Hoffman (1997)
Shirley MacLaine (1998)
Jack Nicholson (1999)
Barbra Streisand (2000)
Al Pacino (2001)
Harrison Ford (2002)
Gene Hackman (2003)
Michael Douglas (2004)
Robin Williams (2005)
Anthony Hopkins (2006)
Warren Beatty (2007)
Steven Spielberg (2009)
Martin Scorsese (2010)
Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro (2011)
Morgan Freeman (2012)
Jodie Foster (2013)
Woody Allen (2014)
George Clooney (2015)
Denzel Washington (2016)
Meryl Streep (2017)
Oprah Winfrey (2018)
Hasty Pudding Men of the Year
Bob Hope (1967)
Paul Newman (1968)
Bill Cosby (1969)
Robert Redford (1970)
James Stewart (1971)
Dustin Hoffman (1972)
Jack Lemmon (1973)
Peter Falk (1974)
Warren Beatty (1975)
Robert Blake (1976)
Johnny Carson (1977)
Richard Dreyfuss (1978)
Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro (1979)
Alan Alda (1980)
John Travolta (1981)
James Cagney (1982)
Steven Spielberg (1983)
Sean Connery (1984)
Bill Murray (1985)
Sylvester Stallone (1986)
Mikhail Baryshnikov (1987)
Steve Martin (1988)
Robin Williams (1989)
Kevin Costner (1990)
Clint Eastwood (1991)
Michael Douglas (1992)
Chevy Chase (1993)
Tom Cruise (1994)
Tom Hanks (1995)
Harrison Ford (1996)
Mel Gibson (1997)
Kevin Kline (1998)
Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson (1999)
Billy Crystal (2000)
Anthony Hopkins (2001)
Bruce Willis (2002)
Martin Scorsese (2003)
Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr. (2004)
Tim Robbins (2005)
Richard Gere (2006)
Ben Stiller (2007)
Christopher Walken (2008)
James Franco (2009)
Justin Timberlake (2010)
Jay Leno (2011)
Jason Segel (2012)
Kiefer Sutherland (2013)
Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris (2014)
Chris Pratt (2015)
Joseph Gordon-Levitt (2016)
Ryan Reynolds (2017)
Paul Rudd (2018)
Kennedy Center Honorees (1980s)
Agnes de Mille
Gian Carlo Menotti
Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe
Hume Cronyn & Jessica Tandy
Sammy Davis Jr.
Roger L. Stevens
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center Gala Tribute Honorees
Charlie Chaplin (1972)
Fred Astaire (1973)
Alfred Hitchcock (1974)
Joanne Woodward and
Paul Newman (1975)
George Cukor (1978)
Bob Hope (1979)
John Huston (1980)
Barbara Stanwyck (1981)
Billy Wilder (1982)
Laurence Olivier (1983)
Claudette Colbert (1984)
Federico Fellini (1985)
Elizabeth Taylor (1986)
Alec Guinness (1987)
Yves Montand (1988)
Bette Davis (1989)
James Stewart (1990)
Audrey Hepburn (1991)
Gregory Peck (1992)
Jack Lemmon (1993)
Robert Altman (1994)
Shirley MacLaine (1995)
Clint Eastwood (1996)
Sean Connery (1997)
Martin Scorsese (1998)
Mike Nichols (1999)
Al Pacino (2000)
Jane Fonda (2001)
Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola (2002)
Susan Sarandon (2003)
Michael Caine (2004)
Dustin Hoffman (2005)
Jessica Lange (2006)
Diane Keaton (2007)
Meryl Streep (2008)
Tom Hanks (2009)
Michael Douglas (2010)
Sidney Poitier (2011)
Catherine Deneuve (2012)
Barbra Streisand (2013)
Rob Reiner (2014)
Robert Redford (2015)
Morgan Freeman (2016)
Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro (2017)
Helen Mirren (2018)
Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award
1962: Eddie Cantor
1963: Stan Laurel
1965: Bob Hope
1966: Barbara Stanwyck
1967: William Gargan
1968: James Stewart
1969: Edward G. Robinson
1970: Gregory Peck
1971: Charlton Heston
1972: Frank Sinatra
1973: Martha Raye
1974: Walter Pidgeon
1975: Rosalind Russell
1976: Pearl Bailey
1977: James Cagney
1978: Edgar Bergen
1979: Katharine Hepburn
1980: Leon Ames
1982: Danny Kaye
1983: Ralph Bellamy
1984: Iggie Wolfington
Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward
1986: Nanette Fabray
1987: Red Skelton
1988: Gene Kelly
1989: Jack Lemmon
1990: Brock Peters
1991: Burt Lancaster
1992: Audrey Hepburn
1993: Ricardo Montalbán
1994: George Burns
1995: Robert Redford
1996: Angela Lansbury
1997: Elizabeth Taylor
1998: Kirk Douglas
1999: Sidney Poitier
Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
2001: Ed Asner
2002: Clint Eastwood
2003: Karl Malden
2004: James Garner
2005: Shirley Temple
2006: Julie Andrews
2007: Charles Durning
2008: James Earl Jones
2009: Betty White
2010: Ernest Borgnine
2011: Mary Tyler Moore
2012: Dick Van Dyke
2013: Rita Moreno
2014: Debbie Reynolds
2015: Carol Burnett
2016: Lily Tomlin
2017: Morgan Freeman
TCA Career Achievement Award
Grant Tinker (1985)
Walter Cronkite (1986)
Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues (1987)
David Brinkley (1988)
Lucille Ball (1989)
Jim Henson (1990)
Brandon Tartikoff (1991)
Johnny Carson (1992)
Bob Hope (1993)
Charles Kuralt (1994)
Ted Turner (1995)
Angela Lansbury (1996)
Fred Rogers (1997)
Roone Arledge (1998)
Norman Lear (1999)
Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke (2000)
Sid Caesar (2001)
Bill Cosby (2002)
Carl Reiner (2003)
Don Hewitt (2004)
Bob Newhart (2005)
Carol Burnett (2006)
Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore (2007)
Lorne Michaels (2008)
Betty White (2009)
James Garner (2010)
Oprah Winfrey (2011)
David Letterman (2012)
Barbara Walters (2013)
James Burrows (2014)
James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks (2015)
Lily Tomlin (2016)
Ken Burns (2017)
Television Hall of Fame Class of 1987
National Football Foundation Distinguished American Award recipients
1973: No award
1976: Van Fleet
1978: No award
1982: Silver Anniversary (all honored) – Brown, Davis, Kemp, Ron
1983: Hess & Stewart
1996: Monan, S.J
1997: No award
1998: Roy Kramer
1999: No award
2014: No award
2015: Byrne, Tew & White
ISNI: 0000 0001 1020 9850
BNF: cb13895312v (data)