HOME
The Info List - Blake Edwards





William Blake Crump (July 26, 1922 – December 15, 2010), better known by his stage name Blake Edwards, was an American filmmaker. Edwards began his career in the 1940s as an actor, but he soon began writing screenplays and radio scripts before turning to producing and directing in television and films. His best-known films include Breakfast at Tiffany's, Days of Wine and Roses, 10, Victor/Victoria, and the hugely successful Pink Panther film series with British actor Peter Sellers. Often thought of as primarily a director of comedies, he also directed several drama, musical, and detective films. Late in his career, he transitioned to writing, producing, and directing for theater. In 2004, he received an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of his writing, directing, and producing an extraordinary body of work for the screen.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Operation Petticoat
Operation Petticoat
(1959) 2.2 Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) 2.3 Days of Wine and Roses (1962) 2.4 Darling Lili
Darling Lili
(1970) 2.5 Pink Panther film series 2.6 Honorary Academy Award

3 Silent-film style 4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Legacy 7 Filmography 8 Television credits 9 Radio drama credits 10 Theater credits 11 References 12 External links

Early life[edit] Born William Blake Crump July 26, 1922, in Tulsa, Oklahoma, he was the son of Donald and Lillian (Grommett) Crump (1897–1992).[2][3] His father reportedly left the family before he was born. His mother married again, to Jack McEdwards,[4] who became his stepfather. McEdwards was the son of J. Gordon Edwards, a director of silent movies, and in 1925, he moved the family to Los Angeles and became a film production manager.[5] In an interview with the Village Voice
Village Voice
in 1971, Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
said that he had "always felt alienated, estranged from my own father, Jack McEdwards".[6] After attending grammar and high school in Los Angeles, California, Blake began taking jobs as an actor during World War II. Edwards describes this period:

I worked with the best directors – Ford, Wyler, Preminger – and learned a lot from them. But I wasn't a very cooperative actor. I was a spunky, smart-assed kid. Maybe even then I was indicating that I wanted to give, not take, direction.[6]

Edwards served in the United States Coast Guard
United States Coast Guard
during World War II, where he suffered a severe back injury, which left him in pain for years afterwards.[5] Career[edit] Edwards' debut as a director came in 1952 on the television program Four Star Playhouse.[7] In the 1954–1955 television season, Edwards joined with Richard Quine to create Mickey Rooney's first television series, The Mickey Rooney Show: Hey, Mulligan, a sitcom about a young studio page trying to become a serious actor. Edwards's hard-boiled private detective scripts for Richard Diamond, Private Detective
Richard Diamond, Private Detective
became NBC's answer to Sam Spade
Sam Spade
and Philip Marlowe, reflecting Edwards's unique humor. Edwards also created, wrote, and directed the 1959 TV series Peter Gunn, which starred Craig Stevens, with music by Henry Mancini. In the same year, Edwards produced, with Mancini's musical theme, Mr. Lucky, an adventure series on CBS starring John Vivyan and Ross Martin. Mancini's association with Edwards continued in his film work, significantly contributing to their success. Edwards's most popular films were comedies, the melodrama Days of Wine and Roses being a notable exception. His most dynamic and successful collaboration was with Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
in six of the movies in the Pink Panther series.[8] Edwards later directed the comedy film 10 with Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
and Bo Derek.[8] Operation Petticoat
Operation Petticoat
(1959)[edit] Operation Petticoat
Operation Petticoat
was Edwards's first big-budget movie as a director. The film, which starred Tony Curtis
Tony Curtis
and Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(and was produced by Grant's own production company Granart Company), became the "greatest box-office success of the decade for Universal [Studios]," and made Edwards a recognized director.[5] Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961)[edit] Breakfast at Tiffany's, based on the novel by Truman Capote, is credited with establishing him as a "cult figure" with many critics. Andrew Sarris called it the "directorial surprise of 1961", and it became a "romantic touchstone" for college students in the early 1960s.[5] Days of Wine and Roses (1962)[edit] Days of Wine And Roses, a dark psychological film about the effects of alcoholism on a previously happy marriage, starred Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
and Lee Remick. It has been described as "perhaps the most unsparing tract against drink that Hollywood has yet produced, more pessimistic than Billy Wilder's The Lost Weekend". The film gave another major boost to Edwards's reputation as an important director.[5] Darling Lili
Darling Lili
(1970)[edit] Darling Lili
Darling Lili
star Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
married Edwards in 1969. While a few critics such as George Morris thought the film a major picture ("it synthesizes every major Edwards theme: the disappearance of gallantry and honor, the tension between appearances and reality, and the emotional, spiritual, moral, and psychological disorder" in such a world. Edwards used difficult cinematography techniques, including long-shot zooms, tracking, and focus distortion, to great effect.[5]), the film failed badly with most critics and at the box office. At a cost of $17 million to make, few people went to see it, and the few who did were unimpressed. It brought Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
to "the verge of financial collapse", and became an example of "self-indulgent extravagance" in filmmaking "that was ruining Hollywood."[5] Pink Panther film series[edit] Edwards is best known for directing most of the comedy film series The Pink Panther, all of those starring Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
as the inept Inspector Clouseau. The relationship between the director and the lead actor was considered a fruitful, yet complicated one, with many disagreements during production. At various times in their film relationship, "he more than once swore off Sellers" as too hard to direct. However, in his later years, he admitted that working with Sellers was often irresistible:

"We clicked on comedy and we were lucky we found each other because we both had so much respect for it. We also had an ability to come up with funny things and great situations that had to be explored. But in that exploration there would often times be disagreement. But I couldn't resist those moments when we jelled. And if you ask me who contributed most to those things, it couldn't have happened unless both of us were involved, even though it wasn't always happy." [9]

Five of those films involved Edwards and Sellers in original material while Trail of the Pink Panther, made after Sellers died in 1980, consisted of unused material from The Pink Panther Strikes Again. He also worked with Sellers on the film The Party. The films were all highly profitable. The Return of the Pink Panther (1975), for example, cost just $2.5 million to make but grossed $100 million, while The Pink Panther Strikes Again
The Pink Panther Strikes Again
(1976), did even better.[5] Honorary Academy Award[edit] In 2004, Edwards received an Honorary Academy Award for cumulative achievements over the course of his film career.[10] Silent-film style[edit] Having grown up in Hollywood, the stepson of a studio production manager and stepgrandson of a silent-film director, Edwards had watched the films of the great silent-era comedians, including Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Harold Lloyd, and Laurel and Hardy. Both Sellers and he appreciated and understood the comedy styles in silent films and tried to recreate them in their work together. After their immense success with the first two Pink Panther films, The Pink Panther (1963) and A Shot in the Dark (1964), which adapted many silent-film aspects, including slapstick, they attempted to go even further in The Party (1968). The film has always had a cult following, and some critics and fans have considered it a "masterpiece in this vein" of silent comedy, though it did include minimal dialogue.[11][12] Personal life[edit] Edwards married his first wife, actress Patricia Walker, in 1953. They had two children, and divorced in 1967. She appeared in the comedy All Ashore (1953), for which Edwards was one of the screenwriters. Edwards' second marriage from 1969 until his death was to Julie Andrews. Andrews had a daughter, Emma, from her previous marriage, and the couple adopted two orphans from Vietnam
Vietnam
in the early 1970s, Amelia Leigh and Joanna Lynne. Andrews appeared in a number of his films, including Darling Lili, 10, Victor/Victoria, and the autobiographical satire S.O.B., in which Andrews played a character who was a caricature of herself. In 1995, he wrote the book for the stage musical adaptation of Victor/Victoria, also starring Andrews. Edwards described his struggle with the illness chronic fatigue syndrome for 15 years in the documentary I Remember Me (2000).[13] Death[edit] On December 15, 2010, Edwards died of complications of pneumonia at the Saint John's Health Center
Saint John's Health Center
in Santa Monica, California.[14] His wife and children were at his side.[8] His death came after 15 years of suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome and depression.[15] Legacy[edit] Edwards was greatly admired, and criticized, as a filmmaker. His critics are alluded to by American film author George Morris:

It has been difficult for many critics to accept Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
as anything more than a popular entertainer. Edwards' detractors acknowledge his formal skill, but deplore the absence of profundity in his movies. Edwards' movies are slick and glossy, but their shiny surfaces reflect all too accurately the disposable values of contemporary life.[5]

Others, however, recognized him more for his significant achievements at different periods of his career. British film critic Peter Lloyd, for example, described Edwards, in 1971, as "the finest director working in the American commercial cinema at the present time." Edwards' biographers, William Luhr and Peter Lehman,[16] in an interview in 1974, called him "the finest American director working at this time."[17] They refer especially to the Pink Panther's Clouseau, developed with the comedic skills of Peter Sellers, as a character "perfectly consistent" with his "absurdist view of the world, because he has no faith in anything and constantly adapts." Critic Stuart Byron calls his first two Pink Panther films "two of the best comedies an American has ever made." Polls taken at the time showed that his name, as a director, was a rare "marketable commodity" in Hollywood.[5] Edwards himself described one of the secrets to success in the film industry:

For someone who wants to practice his art in this business, all you can hope to do, as S.O.B. says, is stick to your guns, make the compromises you must, and hope that somewhere along the way you acquire a few good friends who understand. And keep half a conscience."[5]

Filmography[edit]

Panhandle (1948) [writer/producer] Stampede (1949) [writer/producer] Sound Off (1952) [writer] Rainbow Round My Shoulder (1952) [writer] All Ashore
All Ashore
(1953) [writer] Cruisin' Down the River
Cruisin' Down the River
(1953) [writer] Drive a Crooked Road
Drive a Crooked Road
(1954) [writer] The Atomic Kid (1954) [writer] Bring Your Smile Along (1955) [writer/director] My Sister Eileen (1955) [writer] He Laughed Last (1956) [writer/director] Mister Cory
Mister Cory
(1957) [writer/director] Operation Mad Ball
Operation Mad Ball
(1957) [writer] This Happy Feeling
This Happy Feeling
(1958) [writer/director] The Perfect Furlough
The Perfect Furlough
(1958) [director] Operation Petticoat
Operation Petticoat
(1959) [director] High Time (1960) [director] Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) [director] The Couch (1962) [writer] Experiment in Terror
Experiment in Terror
(1962) [producer/director] The Notorious Landlady
The Notorious Landlady
(1962) [writer] Days of Wine and Roses (1962) [director] Soldier in the Rain
Soldier in the Rain
(1963) [writer/producer] The Pink Panther (1963) [writer/producer/director] A Shot in the Dark (1964) [writer/producer/director] The Great Race
The Great Race
(1965) [writer/producer/director] What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? (1966) [writer/producer/director] Gunn (1967) [writer/producer/director] Waterhole No. 3 (1967) [executive producer] The Party (1968) [writer/producer/director] Inspector Clouseau (1968) [writer] Darling Lili
Darling Lili
(1970) [writer/producer/director] Wild Rovers
Wild Rovers
(1971) [writer/producer/director] The Carey Treatment
The Carey Treatment
(1972) [director] The Tamarind Seed
The Tamarind Seed
(1974) [writer/producer/director] The Return of the Pink Panther
The Return of the Pink Panther
(1975) [writer/producer/director] The Pink Panther Strikes Again
The Pink Panther Strikes Again
(1976) [writer/producer/director] Revenge of the Pink Panther
Revenge of the Pink Panther
(1978) [writer/producer/director] 10 (1979) [writer/producer/director] S.O.B. (1981) [writer/producer/director] Victor/Victoria (1982) [writer/producer/director] Trail of the Pink Panther
Trail of the Pink Panther
(1982) [writer/producer/director] Curse of the Pink Panther
Curse of the Pink Panther
(1983) [writer/producer/director] The Man Who Loved Women (1983) [writer/producer/director] City Heat
City Heat
(1984) [writer] (he replaced his name with the credit alias "Sam O. Brown," after his own previous film S.O.B.--see above--when denied permission to direct as well; Richard Benjamin
Richard Benjamin
directed instead) Micki & Maude (1984) [producer/director] A Fine Mess (1986) [writer/producer/director] That's Life (1986) [writer/producer/director] Blind Date (1987) [producer/director] Sunset (1988) [writer/producer/director] Skin Deep (1989) [writer/producer/director] Switch (1991) [writer/producer/director] Son of the Pink Panther
Son of the Pink Panther
(1993) [writer/producer/director] The Pink Panther (2006) [creator acknowledgement] The Pink Panther 2
The Pink Panther 2
(2009) [creator acknowledgement]

Television credits[edit]

Invitation Playhouse: Mind Over Murder (1952 TV anthology series) [writer – "The Long Night"] Four Star Playhouse
Four Star Playhouse
(1952–1956 TV anthology series) [writer/director – "Dante's Inferno," "Welcome Home," "Knockout," "Trail's End," "The Squeeze," "The Hard Way," "The Test," "Indian Taker," "The Bomb," "Detective's Holiday," "The House Always Wins," "High Stakes," "No Limit," "A Long Way From Texas," "The Stacked Deck"] City Detective (1953–1955 TV series) [associate producer; director - "Midnight Supper"] The Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
Show: Hey, Mulligan (1954–1955 TV series) [creator/writer - "Hey, Mulligan"] Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer (1954 series pilot) [writer/director] The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse (1954 episode) [writer/director - "Death, the Hard Way"] (unsold pilot for Barrie Craig, Confidential Investigator nearly identical plot as Edwards' "Four Star Playhouse" script, "The Squeeze") The Lineup (1954 episode) [writer – "Cop Killer" same script as used for the radio series] The Star and the Story (1955 episode) [director - "Safe Journey"] Fireside Theatre
Fireside Theatre
(1955 episode) [writer - "The Smuggler" and director - "Big Joe's Coming Home"] Chevron Hall of Stars (1956 episode) [creator - "Double Cross"] (pilot for Richard Diamond, Private Detective) Ford Television Theatre
Ford Television Theatre
(1956 episode) [writer - "The Payoff"] [unsold pilot for proposed "Johnny Abel" detective series] Richard Diamond, Private Detective
Richard Diamond, Private Detective
(1957–1960 TV series) [creator] Meet McGraw (1957 episode) [writer – "Tycoon"] Studio 57
Studio 57
(1957 episode) [writer - "The Smuggler" same script used on "Fireside Theatre"] Peter Gunn
Peter Gunn
(1958–1961 TV series) [creator/writer/producer/director – multiple episodes] Rango: Posse from Hell (1959) [producer/director - unsold pilot] Mr. Lucky (1959–1960 TV series) [writer/producer/director – multiple episodes] Dante (1960–1961 TV series) [creator] (spin-off of Four Star Playhouse) The Dick Powell Show
The Dick Powell Show
(1962 episode) [creator/writer/director - "The Boston Terrier"] [first of two unsold pilots for "The Boston Terrier" detective series] Johnny Dollar (1962 unsold series pilot, "The Barton Baker Matter" same script as used for the radio series) [writer/producer/director] House of Seven (1962 unsold series pilot) [writer/producer] The Boston Terrier: Salem Witch Hunt (1963 unsold series pilot) [creator/producer] The Monk (1969 TV movie) [writer] Casino (1980 TV movie) [executive consultant] The Ferret (1984 unsold series pilot) [writer/executive producer] Justin Case (1988 TV movie) [writer/producer/director] Peter Gunn
Peter Gunn
(1989 TV movie) [writer/producer/director] Julie (1992 TV series) [executive producer/director] Mortal Sins (1992 TV movie) [executive producer] Victor/Victoria (1995 live TV broadcast) [writer/producer/director]

Radio drama credits[edit]

Richard Diamond, Private Detective
Richard Diamond, Private Detective
(1949–1953) [creator/series writer/director] The Lineup (1950–1952) [writer – "The Candy Store Murder," "Cop Killer," "The Jersey Parallel," "The Holstedter Case,""The Mad Bomber,""Yudo in Ypsilanti," "The Grocery Store Matter," "The Senile Slugging Case," "The Molly About Seven Case," "The Brommel and Bellows Bloody Bullet Case," "The Hiccoughing Hampster Haemostatic Case," "The Harrowing Haggada Handball Case," "Lt. Guthrie Kidnapped," "The Syncopic Sweazy Sweat-Out Case," "The Flighty Fulvous Finch Case," "The Pointless Pierson Polemic Polarity Case," "The Railroad Roundhouse Roundup Case," "The Potting Peter Case," "The Bakery Bandit's Bad Blooper," "Lobdell's Poodle-Cut Tomato Case," "The Guided Gang Case," "The Twitching Twist's 22 Tweaking Case," "The Karger Cops a Klinker Case"] Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar (1951–1953) [writer – "The George Farmer Matter," "The Protection Matter," "The Baskerville Matter," "The Shayne Bombing Matter," "The Black Doll Matter," "The James Forbes Matter," "The Voodoo Matter," "The Nancy Shaw Matter," "The Isabel James Matter," "The Nelson Matter," "The Stanley Price Matter," "The Lester Matson Matter," "The Amita Buddha Matter," "The Alfred Chambers Matter," "The Phillip Morey Matter," "The Allen Sexton Matter," "The Howard Arnold Matter," "The Gino Gambona Matter," "The Bobby Foster Matter," "The Nathan Gale Matter," "The Independent Diamond Traders Matter,""The Monopoly Matter," "The Barton Baker Matter,""The Milk and Honey Matter," "The Ben Bryson Matter"] Suspense (1951) [writer – "Over Drawn" and "The Case for Dr. Singer"]

Theater credits[edit]

Victor/Victoria (1995–1999 Broadway production and tour) [writer/producer/director] Minor Demons (1997 off-Broadway production) [executive producer] Big Rosemary (1999 off-Broadway production) [writer/producer/director] (adaptation of He Laughed Last)

References[edit]

^ "Receiving Honorary Oscar in 2004". Youtube.com. Retrieved September 7, 2012.  ^ "Blake Edwards, Prolific Comedy Director, Dies at 88".  ^ "Person Page".  ^ "Telegraph obituary". London: Telegraph.co.uk. December 16, 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wakeman, John (Ed.) World Film Directors Vol. 2. H.W. Wilson Co. (1988) pp. 302–310 ^ a b Village Voice, "Confessions of a Cult Figure", Stuart Byron, August 5, 1971 p56 ^ Feiwell, Jill (December 12, 2003). "Life Oscar to Edwards". Daily Variety. Retrieved 21 January 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ a b c Moody, Mike (December 16, 2010). "Filmmaker Blake Edwards dies, aged 88". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi (UK) Ltd. Retrieved December 16, 2010.  ^ "Blake Edwards:Old School" Archived December 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Directors Guild of America Quarterly, Summer 2009. ^ "Blake Edwards, American director, dies aged 88". BBC News. BBC. December 16, 2010. Retrieved December 16, 2010.  ^ Kehr, Dave. International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers – 2: Directors 3rd Ed. St. James Press (1997)pp. 291–294 ^ "Clips from ''The Party''". Youtube.com. January 22, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2012.  ^ Thomas, Kevin (May 30, 2002). "Tarr's 'Harmonies' Is Involving Puzzle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Harmetz, Aljean (December 16, 2010). "Blake Edwards, Prolific Comedy Director, Dies". The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Retrieved December 16, 2010.  ^ "Julie Andrews' husband Blake Edwards, 88, dies of pneumonia". Daily Mail. London.  ^ Luhr, William, and Lehman, Peter. Blake Edwards, Ohio University Press (1981) ^ Velvet Light Trap magazine, Fall, 1974

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blake Edwards.

Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
on IMDb Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
at the TCM Movie Database Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
at AllMovie Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture – Edwards, Blake My Day With Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
– A Tribute by Steven Ameche

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Peter O'Toole Academy Honorary Award 2004 Succeeded by Sidney Lumet

v t e

Films directed by Blake Edwards

Bring Your Smile Along (1955) He Laughed Last (1956) Mister Cory
Mister Cory
(1957) This Happy Feeling
This Happy Feeling
(1958) The Perfect Furlough
The Perfect Furlough
(1958) Operation Petticoat
Operation Petticoat
(1959) High Time (1960) Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) Experiment in Terror
Experiment in Terror
(1962) Days of Wine and Roses (1962) The Pink Panther (1963) A Shot in the Dark (1964) The Great Race
The Great Race
(1965) What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? (1966) Gunn (1967) The Party (1968) Darling Lili
Darling Lili
(1970) Wild Rovers
Wild Rovers
(1971) The Carey Treatment
The Carey Treatment
(1972) The Tamarind Seed
The Tamarind Seed
(1974) The Return of the Pink Panther
The Return of the Pink Panther
(1975) The Pink Panther Strikes Again
The Pink Panther Strikes Again
(1976) Revenge of the Pink Panther
Revenge of the Pink Panther
(1978) 10 (1979) S.O.B. (1981) Victor/Victoria (1982) Trail of the Pink Panther
Trail of the Pink Panther
(1982) Curse of the Pink Panther
Curse of the Pink Panther
(1983) The Man Who Loved Women (1983) Micki & Maude (1984) A Fine Mess (1986) That's Life! (1986) Blind Date (1987) Sunset (1988) Justin Case (1988) Skin Deep (1989) Peter Gunn
Peter Gunn
(1989) Switch (1991) Son of the Pink Panther
Son of the Pink Panther
(1993) Victor/Victoria (1995)

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Golden Raspberry Awards
Golden Raspberry Awards
for Worst Director

1980–2000

Robert Greenwald (1980) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1981) Ken Annakin
Ken Annakin
/ Terence Young (1982) Peter Sasdy (1983) John Derek
John Derek
(1984) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1985) Prince (1986) Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
/ Elaine May
Elaine May
(1987) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
/ Stewart Raffill
Stewart Raffill
(1988) William Shatner
William Shatner
(1989) John Derek
John Derek
(1990) Michael Lehmann (1991) David Seltzer
David Seltzer
(1992) Jennifer Lynch (1993) Steven Seagal
Steven Seagal
(1994) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1995) Andrew Bergman (1996) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1997) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1998) Barry Sonnenfeld
Barry Sonnenfeld
(1999) Roger Christian (2000)

2001–present

Tom Green
Tom Green
(2001) Guy Ritchie
Guy Ritchie
(2002) Martin Brest (2003) Pitof (2004) John Asher
John Asher
(2005) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2006) Chris Sivertson (2007) Uwe Boll
Uwe Boll
(2008) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(2009) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2010) Dennis Dugan (2011) Bill Condon (2012) Elizabeth Banks, Steven Brill, Steve Carr, Rusty Cundieff, James Duffy, Griffin Dunne, Peter Farrelly, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Bob Odenkirk, Brett Ratner, and Jonathan van Tulleken (2013) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(2014) Josh Trank
Josh Trank
(2015) Dinesh D'Souza
Dinesh D'Souza
and Bruce Schooley (2016) Tony Leondis (2017)

v t e

Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Adapted Drama (1969–1983, retired)

Waldo Salt (1969) Robert Anderson (1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) Waldo Salt and Norman Wexler (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Denne Bart Petitclerc
Denne Bart Petitclerc
(1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) Julius J. Epstein (1983)

Adapted Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Arnold Schulman (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) John Paxton (1971) Jay Presson Allen
Jay Presson Allen
(1972) Alvin Sargent (1973) Lionel Chetwynd and Mordecai Richler
Mordecai Richler
(1974) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1975) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
and Frank Waldman (1976) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1977) Elaine May
Elaine May
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
/ Bernard Slade (1978) Jerzy Kosiński
Jerzy Kosiński
(1979) Jim Abrahams, David Zucker, and Jerry Zucker
Jerry Zucker
(1980) Gerard Ayres (1981) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983)

Adapted Screenplay (1984–present)

Bruce Robinson
Bruce Robinson
(1984) Richard Condon and Janet Roach (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Michael Tolkin
Michael Tolkin
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) David Hare (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) Billy Ray (2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54332293 LCCN: n80081875 ISNI: 0000 0001 1472 8412 GND: 121153940 SELIBR: 340136 SUDOC: 061330612 BNF: cb13893595f (data) BNE: XX1092553 SN

.

Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in D:\Bitnami\wampstack-7.1.16-0\apache2\htdocs\php\PeriodicService.php on line 61