The central town of Bjelovar was first mentioned in 1413, and it only gained importance when a new fort was built in 1756 to defend against the Ottoman invasions. The town was pronounced a free royal town in 1874.
The other part of the county name is for the hill of Bilogora that stretches along the northern edge of the county.
The Bjelovar-Bilogora County borders on the Koprivnica-Križevci County in the north, Virovitica-Podravina County in the northeast, Požega-Slavonia County in the southeast, Sisak-Moslavina County in the southwest and Zagreb County in the west.
Bjelovar-Bilogora County is further divided into 5 towns and 18 municipalities.
|Historical populations of Bjelovar-Bilogora County|
|Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, 2005|
As of the 2011 census, the county had 119,764 residents. The population density is 45 people per km2.
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