HOME
The Info List - Birutė Galdikas


--- Advertisement ---



Birutė Marija Filomena Galdikas, OC (born 10 May 1946), is a Mexican-Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist, and author. She is currently a Professor at Simon Fraser University. Well known in the field of primatology, Galdikas is recognized as a leading authority on orangutans.[1] Prior to her field study of orangutans, scientists knew little about the species.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 The Trimates 3 Research and advocacy 4 Legacy 5 Recognition 6 Controversy 7 Film and television 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life[edit] Galdikas was born on 10 May 1946 in Wiesbaden, Germany. Her parents, Antanas and Filomena Galdikas, were Lithuanian refugees fleeing the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states following World War II. When Galdikas was two years old, the family moved to Canada when her father signed a contract to work in copper mining in Quebec. The following year, they relocated to Toronto, where Galdikas grew up. Her father worked as a miner and a contractor. As a young child, Birute's head was filled with visions of far off forests and exotic creatures. The first book she borrowed from the Toronto
Toronto
Public Library was a tale about a mischievous little monkey named Curious George. When she grew older, she was swept up by the National Geographic adventures of Jane Goodall and Dian Fossey.[3] She has two younger brothers and a younger sister.[4][5] In 1962 the Galdikas family moved again, first to Vancouver
Vancouver
and then to southern California. Galdikas enrolled at the University of California, Los Angeles, where she studied psychology, archaeology, and anthropology. In 1966, she earned her bachelor's degrees in psychology and zoology, jointly awarded by UCLA and the University of British Columbia. She earned her master's degree in anthropology from UCLA in 1969. During her graduate studies at UCLA, Galdikas met paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey, whom she approached about studying orangutans in their natural habitats. Leakey and the National Geographic Society agreed to establish a research facility in Borneo.[4][6] Her research became the basis of her doctoral studies, and she earned her doctorate in anthropology from UCLA in 1978.[4] The Trimates[edit] Galdikas pioneered the study of the orangutan, a great ape native to parts of Indonesia
Indonesia
and Malaysia. Galdikas convinced Leakey to help orchestrate her endeavor, despite his initial reservations. In 1971, Galdikas and her then-husband, photographer Rod Brindamour, arrived in Tanjung Puting
Tanjung Puting
Reserve, in Indonesian Borneo. Galdikas was the third of a trio of women appointed by Leakey to study great apes in their natural habitat. Dubbed by Leakey "The Trimates"[7] the trio also included Jane Goodall, who studied chimpanzees, and Dian Fossey, who studied mountain gorillas.[2] Leakey and the National Geographic Society
National Geographic Society
helped Galdikas set up her research camp to conduct field study on orangutans in Borneo. Before Leakey's decision to appoint Galdikas, the orangutan was much less understood than the African great apes. Galdikas went on to greatly expand scientific knowledge of orangutan behavior, habitat and diet. Research and advocacy[edit] At 25, Galdikas arrived in Borneo
Borneo
to begin her field studies of orangutans in a jungle environment extremely inhospitable to most Westerners. Galdikas proceeded to make many invaluable contributions to the scientific understanding of Indonesia's biodiversity and the rainforest as a whole, while also bringing the orangutan to the attention of the rest of the world. When she arrived in Borneo, Galdikas settled into a primitive bark and thatch hut, at a site she dubbed Camp Leakey, near the edge of the Java Sea.[1] Once there, she encountered numerous poachers, legions of leeches, and swarms of carnivorous insects.[1] Yet she persevered through many travails, remaining there for over 30 years while becoming an outspoken advocate for orangutans and the preservation of their rainforest habitat, which is rapidly being devastated by loggers, palm oil plantations, gold miners, and unnatural conflagrations.[8] Galdikas's conservation efforts have extended well beyond advocacy, largely focusing on rehabilitation of the many orphaned orangutans turned over to her for care. Many of these orphans were once illegal pets, before becoming too smart and difficult for their owners to handle.[1] Galdikas's rehabilitation efforts through [Orangutan Foundation International] (OFI) also include the preservation of rainforest. Although one Canadian author in the late 1990s[who?] was critical of the rehabilitation methods, the ongoing birth of new orangutans among the formerly-rehabilitated adult orangutans at Camp Leakey is part of what makes it the longest continual study of a single species. The value of Dr. Galdikas's work has been acknowledged in television shows hosted by Steve Irwin
Steve Irwin
as well as Jeff Corwin
Jeff Corwin
on Animal
Animal
Planet. In addition, the importance of Dr. Galdikas's concern and work towards preserving Indonesian rain forest has been reinforced by the biofuel article of January 25, 2007, in The New York Times
The New York Times
and the November 2008 article in National Geographic magazine, "Borneo's Moment of Truth." Galdikas's organization, O.F.I., is also involved in a reforestation project, planting native trees in previously destroyed areas of rain forest. Legacy[edit] While campaigning actively on behalf of primate conservation and preservation of rainforest, Galdikas continues her field research, among the lengthiest continuous studies of a mammal ever conducted. Her husband, Pak Bohap, was a Dayak rice farmer, tribal president, and co-director of the orangutan program in Borneo. She has written several books, including a memoir entitled Reflections of Eden. In it, Galdikas describes her experiences at Camp Leakey and efforts to rehabilitate ex-captive orangutans and release them into the Borneo
Borneo
rainforest. Galdikas is currently a professor at Simon Fraser University
Simon Fraser University
in Burnaby, British Columbia, and Professor Extraordinaire at Universitas Nasional in Jakarta, Indonesia. She is also president of the Orangutan Foundation International in Los Angeles, California. Recognition[edit] Galdikas has been featured in Life, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times, numerous television documentaries, and twice on the cover of National Geographic.[1] In 1995, Galdikas was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Along with fellow Trimate Jane Goodall
Jane Goodall
and preeminent field biologist George Schaller, Galdikas received the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement in 1997 for her groundbreaking field research and lifetime contributions to the advancement of environmental science. Other honors include the Indonesia’s Hero for the Earth Award (Kalpataru), Institute of Human
Human
Origins Science Award Officer, United Nations Global 500 Award (1993), Elizabeth II Commemorative Medal, the Eddie Bauer Hero of the Earth (1991), PETA
PETA
Humanitarian Award (1990), and the Sierra Club
Sierra Club
Chico Mendes
Chico Mendes
Award (1992). She was awarded a key to the city of Las Vegas, Nevada, in 2009 when she gave a presentation for the anthropology department at U.N.L.V. Controversy[edit] Galdikas was criticised in the late 1990s regarding her methods of rehabilitation. Primatologists debated the issue on the Internet mailing list Primate-Talk;[9] the issue was further fueled by the publication of articles in Outside magazine (May 1998)[10] and Newsweek
Newsweek
(June 1998).[11] As reported in both articles and summarized in the 1999 book The Follow by Canadian novelist Linda Spalding, the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry — with whom Galdikas had clashed over logging policies — claimed that Galdikas held "a very large number of illegal orangutans ... in very poor conditions" at her Indonesian home, prompting the government to consider formal charges.[9] Galdikas denied all such claims in a response to Newsweek in June 1999, remarking that allegations of mistreatment were "simply, wrong" and that the "outlandish" claims formed the basis of "a totally one-sided campaign against me."[12] Film and television[edit] Galdikas stars in the feature documentary Born to Be Wild 3D, released in April 2011. She has also appeared in the documentaries Nature (TV series documentary, 2005), Life and Times (TV series documentary, 1996), 30 Years of National Geographic Specials (TV documentary, 1995), Orangutans: Grasping the Last Branch (documentary, 1989), Beauty and the beasts (Channel 4 UK documentary, 1996)[13] and The Last Trimate (TV documentary, 2008). See also[edit]

Jeffrey H. Schwartz InfiniteEARTH List of apes

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Galdikas-Brindamour, Birutė (October 1975). "Orangutans, Indonesia's "People of the Forest"". National Geographic Magazine. 148 (4). pp. 444–473.  ^ a b de Waal, Frans (January 1995). "The Loneliest of Apes". The New York Times.  ^ Pfeiff, Margo (1993). "Mother to the Apes". Reader's Digest. 143 No 855: 127–132.  ^ a b c "Profile: Biruté Galdikas". www.science.ca. 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2015.  ^ Gallardo, Evelyn (1993). Among the Orangutans: The Birute Galdikas Story. Chronicle Books. p. 8–9. ISBN 0811804089. Retrieved August 14, 2015.  ^ Gallardo, Evelyn (1993). Among the Orangutans: The Birute Galdikas Story. Chronicle Books. p. 9–10. ISBN 0811804089. Retrieved August 14, 2015.  ^ "The Vanishing Man of the Forest". Galdikas, Birute Mary, The New York Times, January 6, 2007. Retrieved 2013-12-14.  ^ Robin McDowell (2009-01-18). " Palm oil
Palm oil
frenzy threatens to wipe out orangutans". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-18.  ^ a b "News from academe: Monkey Business II". Slate. June 20, 1998. Retrieved 2014-01-19.  ^ [1] Archived September 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hammer, Joshua (1 June 1998). "A typhoon in a rain-forest Eden". Newsweek. 131 (22). p. 58.  ^ Galdikas, Birute (29 June 1998). "Galdikas responds". Newsweek. 131 (26). p. 17.  ^ "Sex and the Scientists: Beauty and the Beasts". 12 August 1996 – via www.imdb.com. 

Further reading[edit]

Galdikas, Dr. Birute Mary. (2005). Great Ape
Ape
Odyssey. Abrams: New York. ISBN 978-1-4351-1009-0

External links[edit]

Dr. Galdikas' Official blog Orangutan
Orangutan
Foundation Canada Dr. Birute Galdikas' twitter account International Birute Galdikas charity fund Orangutan.org - Orangutan
Orangutan
Foundation International "Does an Orangutan
Orangutan
find freedom in the gift of words? Do we?" by Susanne Antonetta (March 2005) Profile at science.ca (April 20, 2004) Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, awarded to Galdikas in 1997

v t e

Ape-related articles

Extant ape species

Human
Human
( Homo
Homo
sapiens) Chimpanzee
Chimpanzee
(Pan spp.) Bonobo
Bonobo
(Pan paniscus) Common chimpanzee
Common chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes) Gorilla
Gorilla
( Gorilla
Gorilla
spp.) Western gorilla
Western gorilla
( Gorilla
Gorilla
gorilla) Eastern gorilla
Eastern gorilla
( Gorilla
Gorilla
beringei) Orangutan
Orangutan
(Pongo spp.) Bornean orangutan
Bornean orangutan
(Pongo abelii) Sumatran orangutan
Sumatran orangutan
(Pongo pygmaeus) Tapanuli orangutan
Tapanuli orangutan
(Pongo tapanuliensis) Gibbon
Gibbon
(family: Hylobatidae)

Study of apes

Ape
Ape
language Dian Fossey Birutė Galdikas Jane Goodall Chimpanzee
Chimpanzee
genome project Human
Human
genome project Neanderthal genome project Willie Smits Lone Drøscher Nielsen Ian Redmond Elgin Center Iowa Primate
Primate
Learning
Learning
Sanctuary Borneo
Borneo
Orangutan
Orangutan
Survival

Legal and social status

Personhood Research ban Kinshasa Declaration Great Ape
Ape
Project Survival Project International Primate
Primate
Day

See also

List of individual apes
List of individual apes
(non-human) Apes in space (non-human) Bigfoot Bushmeat Chimpanzee–human last common ancestor List of fictional primates (non-human) Great apes Human
Human
evolution Monkey Day Mythic humanoids Yeren Yeti

v t e

Ethology

Branches

Animal
Animal
cognition Animal
Animal
communication Animal
Animal
consciousness Animal
Animal
culture Animal
Animal
sexual behaviour Animal
Animal
welfare science Anthrozoology Bee learning and communication Behavioural ecology Behavioural genetics Cognitive ethology Comparative psychology Emotion in animals Evolutionary neuroscience Human
Human
ethology Instinct Learning Neuroethology Pain in animals Sociobiology Tool use by animals Zoosemiotics Zoomusicology

Ethologists

Patrick Bateson Marc Bekoff Donald Broom Charles Darwin Marian Dawkins Richard Dawkins Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt Dian Fossey Karl von Frisch Jane Goodall Heini Hediger Julian Huxley Konrad Lorenz Desmond Morris Thomas Sebeok William Homan Thorpe Nikolaas Tinbergen Jakob von Uexküll Wolfgang Wickler E. O. Wilson Solly Zuckerman

Societies

Association for the Study of Animal
Animal
Behaviour International Society for Applied Ethology

Journals

Animal
Animal
Behaviour Animal
Animal
Cognition Animal
Animal
Welfare Behavioral Ecology Behaviour

Related topics

Animals portal Biology portal   Ethology
Ethology
(category)

v t e

Extant species of family Hominidae
Hominidae
(great apes)

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Suborder: Haplorhini

Hominidae

Ponginae

Pongo (Orangutans)

Bornean orangutan
Bornean orangutan
(P. pygmaeus) Sumatran orangutan
Sumatran orangutan
(P. abelii) Tapanuli orangutan
Tapanuli orangutan
(P. tapanuliensis)

Homininae

Gorilla (Gorillas)

Western gorilla
Western gorilla
(G. gorilla) Eastern gorilla
Eastern gorilla
(G. beringei)

Hominini

Pan (Chimpanzees)

Common chimpanzee
Common chimpanzee
(P. troglodytes) Bonobo
Bonobo
(P. paniscus)

Homo (Humans)

Human

H. s. sapiens

Category

Primates portal Mammals portal Animals portal Biology portal Trees portal Forestry portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 10646341 LCCN: n86839369 ISNI: 0000 0000 8090 3971 GND: 119004445 SUDOC: 07545226X BNF: cb13168408s (da

.