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The Harbin–Suifenhe railway, named the Binsui Railway (simplified Chinese: 滨绥铁路; traditional Chinese: 濱綏鐵路; pinyin: bīnsuí tiělù), is a double-track electrified trunk railway in Northeast China between Harbin and Suifenhe on the Russian border. The line was originally built by Russia as the eastern branch of the Chinese Eastern Railway, which linked Chita with Vladivostok. Today,[when?] the 548 km (341 mi) railway is administered by Harbin Railway Bureau.

History

Initial construction of the Binsui Railway as a Russian gauge line of the Sino-Russian Chinese Eastern Railway started on 9 June 1898 at the two termini of the line, Harbin in China and Ussuriysk in Russia. The partially built line was destroyed during the Boxer Rebellion between March and July 1900, causing the project to be suspended. Construction resumed in October, and on 14 November 1901 operation on a temporary basis was started. Official opening of the line took place on 14 July 1903.

After the creation of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo in 1932, the CER became a Soviet-Manchukuo joint enterprise, and was renamed the "North Manchuria Railway". In March 1935, the government of Manchukuo purchased the Soviet share of the NMR, and merged it into the Manchukuo National Railway, and on 17 June 1936, work to convert the line, known during that time as the Binsui Line (Hinsui Line in Japanese), from Russian broad gauge to standard gauge was completed. The MNR double tracked the line as far as Yimianpo in 1939, and relaid the line with heavier rail in 1942.

The MNR began construction of the original Ducao Tunnel in July 1937, opening the new, shorter line on 31 July 1942. At 3,849 m (12,628 ft), it was China's longest railway tunnel. To expand the capacity of the line, China Railways decided to build a second tunnel, 3,900 m (12,800 ft) in length, in 1961, but construction was suspended a year later. Work resumed on 1 May 1975, and was completed by the end of 1978. Refurbishment of the original tunnel began in September 1985 and was completed on 21 December 1988.

After the Soviet invasion of Manchuria in 1945, the Soviet Army converted the line back to Russian broad gauge. In 1946, it was converted back to standard gauge once again, and the double tracking was removed; the rails taken up were used to repair other lines.[1] Between 1945 and 1955, the railways in the territory of the former Manchukuo were controlled by the Sino-Soviet China Changchun Railway, after which the railways of the region were taken over by China Railways; the Binsui Line then reverted to its original name, Binsui Railway. The double tracking of the section from Harbin to Mudanjiang was rebuilt by China Railways in 1958. Electrification of the line began in 2010, and the first section, from Mudanjiang to Suifenhe, was completed on 28 December 2015. Wiring of the Harbin–Mudanjiang section began in April 2016.[2] Passenger traffic on the line has increased to 2.3 million passengers annually.[3]

Route

Distance Station name
Total; km S2S; km Current name Former name Year opened Connections
0 0 Harbin
哈尔滨
Songhuajiang
松花江
1899 Binbei Railway, Jingha Railway, Binzhou Railway, Binbei Railway
5 5 Wangzhaotun
王兆屯
Muchaichang
木柴厂
1899
7 2 Xiangfang
香坊
Harbin 哈尔滨, Харбин (1898–1904)
Old Harbin 老哈尔滨 (1904–1924)
1898 Labin Railway
14 7 New Xiangfang
新香坊
1937 Sunxin Connecting Line, Sankeshu Railway (zh)
20 6 Chenggaozi
成高子
Chengbin Railway (zh)
30 10 Shelitun
舍利屯
Cheng
41 11 Acheng
阿城
Ashenhe
阿什河
1901
Hongfangzihuirang
红房子会让
Closed
52 11 Yagou
亚沟
Taiyagou
太亚沟
62 10 Yuquan
玉泉
Ercengdianzi
二层甸子
1899
68 6 Baimaozi
白帽子
Shihuiyao
石灰窑
(passenger only)
73 5 Bailing
白岭
79 6 Xiaoling
小岭
84 5 Xiaopingshan
小平山
89 5 Pingshan
平山
1899
95 6 East Pingshan
东平山
100 5 Maorshan
帽儿山
110 10 Mifeng
蜜蜂
Mishan
蜜山
1899
122 12 Xiaojiu
小九
1899
131 9 Wujimi
乌吉密
1899
141 10 Shangzhi
尚志
Zhuhe
珠河
1899
151 10 Mayan
马延
Yakuni
亚库尼
1899
161 10 Yimianpo
一面坡
1899
169 8 Jiujiangpao
九江泡
Lukashevo (Лукашево)
Luketuwo (鲁克土窝)
1901
181 12 Wanshan
万山
Samokhvalov (Самохвалов)
Samohawaluofu (萨莫哈瓦洛)
1899
192 11 Weihe
苇河
1899 Weiya Railway (zh), Weilin Railway
202 10 Qingyun
青云
Kazantsevo (Казанцево)
Kazancaiwo (喀赞才窝)
1899
212 10 Yabuli
亚布力
Yabloni (Яблони)
Yabuluoni (亚布洛尼)
1899 Yalin Railway (zh)
Xinxing
新兴
226 14 Shitouhezi
石头河子
Reko-Ridzh (Реко-Ридж)
Liangziling (亮子岭)
1901 Closed 1993
229 17 Yuchi
鱼池
234 5 Lengshan
冷山
Liudaohezi
六道河子
1900 Closed 1993
240 11 Kaidao
开道
Xima
洗马
Closed 1993
248 Gaolingzi
高岭子
1900 Closed 1993
249 9 Hufeng
虎峰
252 3 Ducao
杜草
1940
Fenlinghe
分岭河
Closed 1993
261 9 Zhishan
治山
Salahe
萨拉河
1900
272 11 Hengdaohezi
横道河子
1900
282 10 Daolin
道林
Sandaowoji
三道窝集
1901
294 12 Qinglingzi
青岭子
Changlingzi
长岭子
1901
304 10 Shanshi
山市
Shanshi
山石
1901
314 10 Qifeng
奇峰
Shihe
石河
1901
323 9 Aotou
敖头
1937 Huolonggou Railway (zh)
333 10 Hailin
海林
1901
343 10 Lagu
拉古
1937
349 6 Huanghua
黄花
1942 Closed
Ningbei
宁北
Closed
355 6 Mudanjiang
牡丹江
1901 Mujia Railway (zh), Mujia PDR (zh), Mutu Railway (zh), Tujia Railway (zh), Hamu PDR (zh)
362 7 Aihe
爱河
Miehe
乜河
1901
378 16 Modaoshi
磨刀石
1901
382 4 Shandi
山底
Closed
391 9 Daguanling
大观岭站
Shanling
山岭
1901 Closed
396 5 Shandong
山洞
Closed
404 13 Daimagou
代马沟
Taimagou
抬马沟
1901 Closed
417 13 Beilin
北林
Beilinhe
北林河
1901 Closed
430 13 Old Muling
老穆陵
Muling
穆陵
1901 Closed
442 12 Yilin
伊林
1900 Closed
443 65
(from Modaoshi)
Muling
穆陵
2015 Chengji Railway (zh)
453 11
(from Yilin)
Xiachengzi
下城子
Xiaochengzi
小城子
1900 Closed
462 9 Maqiaohe
马桥河
Magouhe
马沟河
1900 Closed
475 13 Hongfangzi
红房子
Hulimihe
虎力密河
1900 Closed
485 10 Tailing
太岭
Taipingling
太平岭
1900 Closed
501 58
(from Modaoshi)
Xilinhe
细鳞河
1899
511 10 Suixi
绥西
Sanchagou
三岔沟
1899 Closed
523 12 Suiyang
绥阳
Xiaosuifen
小绥芬
1899
541 18 Kuangou
宽沟
Badaohezi
八道河子
1898 Closed
548 7 Suifenhe
绥芬河
Station No. 5
Станция №. 5
1898
ChinaRussia border
0 21
(from border)
Grodekovo
Гродеково
1898 Far Eastern Railway

References