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Harbin-Bei'an railway, named the Binbei Railway (simplified Chinese: 滨北铁路; traditional Chinese: 濱北鐵路; pinyin: Bīnběi Tiělù), is a 333 km (207 mi) double-track arterial railroad in Northeast China between Harbin and Bei'an. At Harbin the line connects to the Jingha Railway, the Binzhou Railway, and the Binsui Railway, whilst at Suihua it connects to the Suijia Railway and at Bei'an it connects to the Qibei Railway and the Beihei Railway.

History

The Harbin–Bei'an railway started out as two separate railway lines built by two privately owned railway companies, the Huhai Railway and the Haike Railway.[1]

The Huhai Railway was the first self-funded privately owned railway company in Heilongjiang. It began surveying a line from Songpu to Hailun in September 1925, opening the 227 km (141 mi) line on 15 December 1928. In 1929, the railway's wooden bridge was replaced with a permanent iron bridge.[1] Work on the Haike Railway's line from Hailun to Bei'an began in June 1932, and was opened to traffic on a temporary basis in 1 December of the same year.[1]

In 1933, after the creation of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, both companies were nationalised by the Manchukuo National Railway, and the two companies' lines were merged to create a single line, called the Binbei Line (Hinboku Line in Japanese). The Manchukuo National continued construction of the Hailun–Bei'an section, replacing the temporary bridges with permanent ones. The line was finally completed in 1935.[1]

In August 1945, the Soviet Army invaded Manchukuo, taking over management of all railways in the former Manchukuo, creating the China Changchun Railway; the Binbei Line was put under the jurisdiction of the Qiqihar Railway Bureau.[1] The Soviets transferred control of the China Changchun Railway to China in 1955, at which time this line became part of the China Railways system. In 1957, the line was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Harbin Railway Bureau, and double-tracking of the 125 km (78 mi) SankeshuSuihua section of the line was completed.[1] Double-tracking of the rest of the line was completed in 1962.

Route

Distance Station name
Total; km S2S; km Current name Former name Year opened Connections
0 0 Harbin East
哈尔滨东
1934 Jingha Railway, Binzhou Railway, Binsui Railway
13 13 New Songpu
新松浦
1933
North Songpu
北松浦
Songpu
松浦
1926 Closed
22 9 Xujia
徐家
1926
32 10 Hulan
呼兰
1926
Majia
马家
1926 Closed
47 15 Shenjia
沈家
1927
59 12 Kangjinjing
康金井
1927
72 13 Shirencheng
石人城
1927
85 13 Baikuibao
白奎堡
1927
97 12 Xinglongzhen
兴隆镇
1927
108 11 Wanfatun
万发屯
1928
Nihe
泥河
1928 Closed
125 17 Suihua
绥化
1928 Suijia Railway
138 13 Shayuan
沙园
1928
143 5 Qinjia
秦家
1928
157 14 Sifangtai
四方台
1928
173 16 Zhangweitun
张维屯
1928
184 11 Xinquan
新泉
1928 Closed
195 22 Suileng
绥棱
1929
Keyinhe
克音河
1929 Closed
215 20 East Bianjing
东边井
1929
227 12 Hailun
海伦
1925
Zhaojia
赵家
1932 Closed
242 15 Zhayinhe
扎音河
1932
254 12 Haibei
海北
1932
269 15 Tongbei
通北
1932
277 8 Yangjia
杨家
1932
290 13 Lijia
李家
1932
306 16 Zhaoguang
赵光
1932
Fu'an
福安
1932 Closed
333 27 Bei'an
北安
1932 Qibei Railway and the Beihei Railway

References