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William Louis Veeck Jr. (/ˈvɛk/; February 9, 1914 – January 2, 1986), also known as "Sport Shirt",[1] was an American Major League Baseball franchise owner and promoter. Veeck was at various times the owner of the Cleveland Indians, St. Louis Browns
St. Louis Browns
and Chicago
Chicago
White Sox. As owner and team president of the Indians in 1947, Veeck signed Larry Doby, thus beginning the integration of the American League. Veeck was the last owner to purchase a baseball franchise without an independent fortune, and is responsible for many innovations and contributions to baseball.[2] Finding it hard to financially compete, Veeck retired after the 1980 Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
season. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1991.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Franchise owner

2.1 Minor League Baseball

2.1.1 Milwaukee Brewers

2.2 Major League Baseball

2.2.1 Philadelphia Phillies 2.2.2 Cleveland Indians 2.2.3 St. Louis Browns 2.2.4 Chicago
Chicago
White Sox

3 Life after baseball 4 Poor health/death 5 Books by Veeck 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
was born on February 9, 1914, in Chicago, Illinois. While Veeck was growing up in Hinsdale, Illinois, his father, William Veeck Sr., became president of the Chicago
Chicago
Cubs. Veeck Sr. was a local sports writer who wrote several columns about how he would have run the Cubs differently, and the team's owner, William Wrigley Jr., took him up on it. While growing up, the younger Veeck worked as a popcorn vendor for the Cubs. Later, in 1937, he came up with the idea of planting ivy on the walls of Wrigley Field.[3] Veeck attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. In 1933, when his father died, Veeck left Kenyon College
Kenyon College
and eventually became club treasurer for the Cubs. In 1935, he married his first wife, Eleanor.[4] Franchise owner[edit] Minor League Baseball[edit] Milwaukee Brewers[edit] In 1942, Veeck left Chicago
Chicago
and, in partnership with former Cubs star and manager Charlie Grimm, purchased the American Association Triple-A Milwaukee Brewers. After winning three pennants in five years Veeck sold his Milwaukee franchise in 1945 for a $275,000 profit.[5] According to his autobiography Veeck – As in Wreck, Veeck claimed to have installed a screen to make the right field target a little more difficult for left-handed pull hitters of the opposing team. The screen was on wheels, so any given day it might be in place or not, depending on the batting strength of the opposing team. There was no rule against that activity as such, but Veeck then took it to an extreme, rolling it out when the opponents batted, and pulling it back when the Brewers batted. Veeck reported that the league passed a rule against it the very next day. However, extensive research by two members of the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) suggests that this story was made up by Veeck. The two researchers could not find any references to a moveable fence or any reference to the gear required for a moveable fence to work.[6] While a half-owner of the Brewers, Veeck served for nearly three years in the United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
during World War II in an artillery unit. During this time a recoiling artillery piece crushed his leg, requiring amputation first of the foot, and shortly after of the leg above the knee. Over the course of his life he had 36 operations on the leg.[2] He had a series of wooden legs and, as an inveterate smoker, cut holes in them to use as an ashtray. Major League Baseball[edit] Philadelphia Phillies[edit] Veeck had been a fan of the Negro Leagues
Negro Leagues
since his early teens. He had also admired Abe Saperstein's Harlem Globetrotters
Harlem Globetrotters
basketball team, which was based in Chicago. Saperstein saved Veeck from financial disaster early on in Milwaukee by giving him the right to promote the Globetrotters in the upper Midwest in the winter of 1941–42. In the fall of 1942, Veeck met with Gerry Nugent, president of the Philadelphia Phillies, to discuss the possibility of buying the struggling National League
National League
team. He later wrote in his memoirs that he intended to buy the Phillies and stock the team's roster with stars from the Negro Leagues. Veeck quickly secured financing to buy the Phillies, and agreed in principle to buy the team from Nugent. While on his way to Philadelphia to close on the purchase, Veeck decided to alert MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis
Kenesaw Mountain Landis
of his intentions. Although Veeck knew Landis was an ardent segregationist, he did not believe Landis would dare say black players were unwelcome while blacks were fighting in World War II. By the time he arrived in Philadelphia, Veeck discovered the Phillies had been officially taken over by the National League
National League
and that a new owner was being sought (the Phillies were ultimately sold to lumber baron William D. Cox). The authors of a controversial article in the 1998 issue of SABR's The National Pastime argued that Veeck invented the story of buying the Phillies and filling their roster with Negro leaguers, claiming Philadelphia's black press made no mention of a prospective sale to Veeck. Subsequently, the article was strongly challenged by the late historian Jules Tygiel, who refuted it point-by-point in an article in the 2006 issue of SABR's The Baseball Research Journal,[7] and in an appendix, entitled "Did Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
Lie About His Plan to Purchase the ’43 Phillies?", published in Paul Dickson's biography, Bill Veeck: Baseball's Greatest Maverick.[8] Joseph Thomas Moore wrote in his biography of Doby, " Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
planned to buy the Philadelphia Phillies with the as yet unannounced intention of breaking that color line."[9] Cleveland Indians[edit] In 1946, Veeck became the owner of a major league team, the Cleveland Indians. He immediately put the team's games on radio. He also moved the team to Cleveland Municipal Stadium
Cleveland Municipal Stadium
permanently in 1947. The team had split their games between the larger Municipal Stadium and the smaller League Park
League Park
since the 1930s, but Veeck concluded that League Park was far too small to be viable.[10] In July of that year he signed Larry Doby, the first black player to play in the American League.[11] Doby's first game was on July 5 and before the game, Doby was introduced to his teammates by player-manager Lou Boudreau. "One by one, Lou introduced me to each player. 'This is Joe Gordon,' and Gordon put his hand out. 'This is Bob Lemon,' and Lemon put his hand out. 'This is Jim Hegan,' and Hegan put his hand out. All the guys put their hand out, all but three. As soon as he could, Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
got rid of those three", Doby said.[12] The following year later Veeck signed Satchel Paige
Satchel Paige
to a contract, making the hurler the oldest rookie in major league history.[13][14] As in Milwaukee, Veeck took a unique approach to promotions, hiring Max Patkin, the "Clown Prince of Baseball", as a coach. Patkin's appearance in the coaching box delighted fans and infuriated the front office of the American League.[15] Although Veeck had become extremely popular, an attempt in 1947 to trade Boudreau to the St. Louis Browns
St. Louis Browns
led to mass protests and petitions supporting Boudreau. Veeck, in response, said he would listen to the fans, and re-signed Boudreau to a new two-year contract.[16] By 1948, led by Boudreau's .355 batting average, Cleveland won its first pennant and World Series since 1920.[17] Famously, the following season Veeck buried the 1948 flag, once it became obvious the team could not repeat its championship in 1949. Later that year, Veeck's first wife divorced him. Most of his money was tied up in the Indians, so he was forced to sell the team to fund the divorce settlement.[18] One year later, Veeck married his second wife Mary Frances Ackerman in 1950. He had met her the previous year while in Cleveland.[19] St. Louis Browns[edit] After marrying Mary Frances Ackerman, Veeck bought an 80% stake in the St. Louis Browns
St. Louis Browns
in 1951.[20] Hoping to force the NL's St. Louis Cardinals out of town, Veeck hired Cardinal greats Rogers Hornsby
Rogers Hornsby
and Marty Marion
Marty Marion
as managers, and Dizzy Dean
Dizzy Dean
as an announcer; and he decorated their shared home park, Sportsman's Park, exclusively with Browns memorabilia.[2] Ironically the Cardinals had been the Browns' tenants since 1920, even though they had long since passed the Browns as St. Louis' favorite team. Nonetheless, Veeck made a concerted effort to drive the Cardinals out of town.[citation needed] Some of Veeck's most memorable publicity stunts occurred during his tenure with the Browns, including the appearance on August 19, 1951, by Eddie Gaedel, who stood 3 feet 7 inches tall and is the shortest person to appear in a Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
game. Veeck sent Gaedel to pinch hit in the bottom of the first of the game. Wearing elf like shoes and "1/8" as his uniform number, Gaedel was walked on four straight pitches and then was pulled for a pinch runner.[21] Shortly afterwards "Grandstand Manager's Day" – involving Veeck, Connie Mack, and thousands of regular fans, enabled the crowd to vote on various in-game strategic decisions by holding up placards: the Browns won, 5–3, snapping a four-game losing streak.[22] After the 1952 season, Veeck suggested that the American League
American League
clubs share radio and television revenue with visiting clubs. Outvoted, he refused to allow the Browns' opponents to broadcast games played against his team on the road. The league responded by eliminating the lucrative Friday night games in St. Louis. A year later, Cardinals owner Fred Saigh was convicted of tax evasion. Facing certain banishment from baseball, he was forced to put the Cardinals up for sale. Most of the bids came from out-of-town interests, and it appeared that Veeck would succeed in driving the Cardinals out of town. However, just as Saigh was about to sell the Cardinals to interests who would have moved them to Houston, Texas, he instead accepted a much lower bid from St. Louis-based brewing giant Anheuser-Busch, who entered the picture with the specific intent of keeping the Cardinals in town.[23] Veeck quickly realized that the Cardinals now had more resources than he could even begin to match, especially since he had no other source of income. Reluctantly, he decided to leave St. Louis and find another place to play. As a preliminary step, he sold Sportsman's Park
Sportsman's Park
to the Cardinals.[24] At first Veeck considered moving the Browns back to Milwaukee (where they had played their inaugural season in 1901). Milwaukee used recently-built Milwaukee County Stadium
Milwaukee County Stadium
in an attempt to entice the Browns. However, the decision was in the hands of the Boston
Boston
Braves, the parent team of the Brewers. Under major league rules of the time, the Braves held the major league rights to Milwaukee. The Braves wanted another team with the same talent if the Brewers were shut down, and an agreement was not made in time for opening day. Ironically, a few weeks later, the Braves themselves moved to Milwaukee.[25] St. Louis was known to want the team to stay, so some in St. Louis campaigned for the removal of Veeck.[26] He got in touch with a group that was looking to bring a Major League franchise to Baltimore, Maryland. After the 1953 season, Veeck agreed in principle to sell half his stock to Baltimore attorney Clarence Miles, the leader of the Baltimore group, and his other partners. He would have remained the principal owner, with approximately a 40% interest. Even though league president Will Harridge told him approval was certain, only four owners—two short of the necessary six for passage—supported it. Realizing the other owners simply wanted him out of the picture (indeed, he was facing threats of having his franchise canceled), Veeck agreed to sell his entire stake to Miles' group, who then moved the Browns to Baltimore, where they were renamed as the Orioles, which has been their name ever since.[27] Chicago
Chicago
White Sox[edit] In 1959, Veeck became head of a group that purchased a controlling interest in the Chicago
Chicago
White Sox, who went on to win their first pennant in 40 years.[28][29] That year the White Sox broke a team attendance record for home games with 1.4 million. The next year the team broke the same record with 1.6 million visitors to Comiskey Park with the addition of the first "exploding scoreboard" in the major leagues – producing electrical and sound effects, and shooting fireworks whenever the White Sox hit a home run, and also began adding players' surnames on the back of their uniform, a practice now standard by 25 of 30 clubs on all jerseys, and by three more clubs on road jerseys.[2] The "exploding scoreboard" itself has since carried over to the Guaranteed Rate Field, which opened in 1991 as the New Comiskey Park. One year later in 1960, Veeck and former Detroit Tigers
Detroit Tigers
great Hank Greenberg, his partner with the Indians and White Sox, reportedly made a strong bid for the American League
American League
expansion franchise in Los Angeles. Greenberg would have been the principal owner, with Veeck as a minority partner.[30] However Los Angeles Dodgers
Los Angeles Dodgers
owner Walter O'Malley was not willing to compete with a team owned by Veeck, even if he would only be a minority partner. When O'Malley heard of the deal, he invoked his exclusive franchise rights for Southern California. Any potential owner of an American League
American League
team in the area would have had to have O'Malley's blessing, and it was apparent that O'Malley would not allow any team to set up shop with Veeck as a major shareholder. Rather than try to persuade his friend to back out, Greenberg abandoned his bid for what became the Los Angeles Angels.[30]

Veeck being interviewed by Jim McKay
Jim McKay
for Wide World of Sports in 1964.

In 1961, due to poor health, Veeck sold his share of the team to John and Arthur Allyn for $2.5 million.[31] After selling the White Sox, Veeck spent a short time working as a television commentator.[32] When his health improved, Veeck made an unsuccessful attempt to buy the Washington Senators, then operated the Suffolk Downs
Suffolk Downs
race track in Boston
Boston
in 1969–70. Veeck was not heard from again in baseball circles until 1975, when he repurchased the White Sox from John Allyn (sole owner since 1969).[2] Veeck's return rankled baseball's owner establishment, most of the old guard viewing him as a pariah after exposing most of his peers in his 1961 book Veeck As In Wreck. However, he was the only potential buyer willing to keep the White Sox in Chicago
Chicago
after an offer was made to buy the team and move it to Seattle, Washington.[citation needed] Almost immediately after taking control of the Sox for a second time Veeck unleashed another publicity stunt designed to irritate his fellow owners. He and general manager Roland Hemond
Roland Hemond
conducted four trades in a hotel lobby, in full view of the public. Two weeks later, however, arbitrator Peter Seitz's ruling struck down the reserve clause and ushered in the era of free agency. Veeck's power as an owner began to wane relative to richer owners. Ironically Veeck had been the only baseball owner to testify in support of Curt Flood during his famous court case, at which Flood had attempted to gain free agency after being traded to the Philadelphia Phillies.[2] Veeck presented a Bicentennial-themed "Spirit of '76" parade on Opening Day in 1976, casting himself as the peg-legged fifer bringing up the rear.[2] In the same year he reactivated Minnie Miñoso
Minnie Miñoso
for eight at-bats, in order to give Miñoso a claim towards playing in four decades; he did so again in 1980, to expand the claim to five.[33] He also unveiled radically altered uniforms for the players, including clamdigger pants and even shorts, which the Sox wore for the first time against the Kansas City Royals on August 8, 1976. In an attempt to adapt to free agency he developed a "rent-a-player" model, centering on the acquisition of other clubs' stars in their option years. The gambit was moderately successful: in 1977 the White Sox won 90 games, and finished in third place with additions like Oscar Gamble
Oscar Gamble
and Richie Zisk.[34] During this last run, Veeck decided to have announcer Harry Caray
Harry Caray
sing "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" during the seventh-inning stretch. Veeck asked Caray to sing for the entire park, but he refused. Veeck replied that he already had a recording, so Caray would be heard either way. Caray reluctantly agreed to sing it live, accompanied by White Sox organist Nancy Faust, and went on to become famous for singing the tune, continuing to do so at Wrigley Field
Wrigley Field
after becoming the broadcaster of the Chicago
Chicago
Cubs.[35] The 1979 season was filled with more promotions. On April 10 he offered fans free admission the day after a 10–2 Opening Day defeat by the Toronto Blue Jays. On July 12, Veeck, with assistance from son Mike and radio personality Steve Dahl, held one of his most infamous promotions, Disco Demolition Night, between games of a scheduled doubleheader, which resulted in a riot at Comiskey Park
Comiskey Park
and a forfeit to the visiting Detroit Tigers.[36] Life after baseball[edit] Finding himself no longer able to financially compete in the free agent era, Veeck sold the White Sox in January 1981. He retired to his home in Chicago. Poor health/death[edit] Veeck had been a heavy smoker and drinker until 1980. In 1984 Veeck underwent two operations for lung cancer.[5] Two years later, in 1986, he died at the age of 71 from cancer.[2] He was elected five years later to the Baseball Hall of Fame.[37] When he died at age 71, he was survived by his wife, Mary Frances, and eight children. Two of his children, Peter and Ellen, were from his first marriage, and the others (Mike, Marya, Greg, Lisa, Julie and Chris) were from his second marriage.[38] Mike Veeck became owner of the independent minor-league St. Paul Saints
St. Paul Saints
and still is a partner in the team. The younger Veeck and co-owner actor Bill Murray
Bill Murray
emulated many of Bill Veeck's promotional stunts with the Saints. Books by Veeck[edit] Veeck wrote three autobiographical works, each a collaboration with journalist Ed Linn:

Veeck As In Wreck (1962) – a straightforward autobiography The Hustler's Handbook (1965) – divulging his experience in operating as an outsider in major leagues Thirty Tons A Day (1972) – chronicling the time he spent running Suffolk Downs
Suffolk Downs
racetrack in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The title refers to the daily quantity of waste (horse excrement, used hay and straw, etc.) that had to be disposed of.

See also[edit]

Biography portal Baseball portal World War II portal United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
portal

List of members of the Baseball Hall of Fame

Notes[edit]

^ Acocella, Nick (August 20, 2010). "Baseball's Showman". espn.com. Retrieved 29 November 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h Acocella, Nick. "Baseball's Showman". espn.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ Brewster, Mike (2004-10-27). "Bill Veeck: A Baseball Mastermind". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 2010-09-12. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Furlong, William (1960). "Master Of The Joyful Illusion". Sports Illustrated. SportsIllustrated.CNN.com: 58–64. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ a b "Bill Veeck". baseballlibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2010-08-13. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Lowry, Phillip (2005). Green Cathedrals. New York City: Walker & Company. ISBN 0-8027-1562-1.  ^ Revisiting Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
and the 1943 Phillies, The National Pastime, 2006 issue, page 109. Retrieved 2012-05-12. ^ Dickson, Paul (2012). Bill Veeck: Baseball's Greatest Maverick. New York: Walker & Company. ISBN 978-0-8027-1778-8.  ^ Moore, Joseph Thomas (1988). Pride Against Prejudice: The Biography of Larry Doby. New York: Praeger Publishers. p. 19. ISBN 0275929841.  ^ "Cleveland Municipal Stadium". ballparks.com. Retrieved 2010-08-25.  ^ "Larry Doby". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Anderson, Dave (29 March 1987). "Has Baseball Forgotten Larry Doby?". New York Times. Retrieved 30 July 2012.  ^ "Satchel Paige". Negro League Baseball Players Association. Archived from the original on 2010-08-05. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Roberts, M.B. "Paige never looked back". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2010-08-25.  ^ Goldstein, Richard (1999-11-01). "Max Patkin, 79, Clown Prince of Baseball". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Schneider, pp. 329. ^ "1948 World Series". mlb.com. Retrieved 2010-08-25.  ^ "Bill Veeck". Ohio History Central. Retrieved 2010-08-25.  ^ "Ice Capades Press Agent Weds Colorful Bill Veeck". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1950-05-01. Retrieved 2010-08-28.  ^ "St. Louis Browns". baseballlibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2010-08-25.  ^ "Eddie Gaedel". baseballlibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ Macgranachan, Brendan (2009-02-27). "Grandstand Managers Day". seamheads.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ Goldstein, Richard (2000-01-02). "Fred Saigh, Who Helped Cardinals Stay Put, Dies at 94". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ "Sportsman's Park". ballparks.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ "Milwaukee's loss is Baltimore's gain". todayinbaseball.com. Archived from the original on 2010-05-10. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ "St. Louis Leaders Gunning for Removal of Bill Veeck". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 1953-03-17. Retrieved 2010-08-28.  ^ Omoth, p. 9. ^ " Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
To Buy White Sox". Ocala Star-Banner. 1959-02-08. Retrieved 2010-08-28.  ^ "This Month In Baseball History...March", Baseball Digest, p. 99, March 1989, retrieved 2010-08-02  ^ a b Acocella, Nick. "The first "Hammerin' Hank"". espn.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2010-08-02.  ^ "Veeck, Greenberg Sell Interest". Tri City Herald. 1961-06-09. Retrieved 2010-08-28.  ^ "Commentator Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
Lashes 'Rabbit Fever' In Baseball- Again". St. Petersburg Times. 1964-05-23. Retrieved 2010-08-28.  ^ "Minnie Minoso". Baseballlibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-02.  ^ Ballantini, Brett (2007-04-18). "Looking Back: The 1977 White Sox". MLB.com. Retrieved 2010-08-02.  ^ Drehs, Wayne (2008-07-08). "Thank Caray, Chicago
Chicago
for popularity of 'Take Me Out to the Ballgame'". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2010-08-02.  ^ Behrens, Andy (2009-07-12). "Disco demolition:Bell-bottoms be gone!". espn.com. Archived from the original on 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2010-08-02.  ^ "Bill Veeck". baseballhall.org. Retrieved 2010-08-02.  ^ Holtzman, Jerome (1986-01-03). "Baseball`s Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
Dies At 71". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 

References[edit]

Tyler Omoth (2007). Story of the Baltimore Orioles. Mankato, Minnesota: Creative Education. ISBN 1-58341-480-0.  Russell Schneider (2004). The Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
Encyclopedia. Champaign, Illinois: Sports Reference LLC. ISBN 1-58261-840-2.  Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
with Ed Linn (1962). Veeck as in Wreck: The Autobiography of Bill Veeck. Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago
Chicago
Press. ISBN 0-226-85218-0.  Paul Dickson (2012). Bill Veeck: Baseball's Greatest Maverick. New York: Walker & Company. ISBN 978-0-8027-1778-8. 

External links[edit]

In Praise of Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
– slideshow by Life magazine

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Baseball Hall of Fame
Baseball Hall of Fame
Class of 1991

BBWAA Vote

Rod Carew
Rod Carew
(90.5%) Ferguson Jenkins
Ferguson Jenkins
(75.4%) Gaylord Perry
Gaylord Perry
(77.2%)

Veterans Committee

Tony Lazzeri Bill Veeck

J. G. Taylor Spink Award

Phil Collier

Ford C. Frick Award

Joe Garagiola

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Members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Pitchers

Alexander Bender Blyleven M. Brown R. Brown Bunning Carlton Chesbro Clarkson Cooper Coveleski Cummings Day Dean Dihigo Drysdale Eckersley Faber Feller Fingers Ford B. Foster Galvin B. Gibson Glavine Gomez Gossage Grimes Grove Haines Hoffman Hoyt Hubbell Hunter Jenkins R. Johnson W. Johnson Joss Keefe Koufax Lemon Lyons Maddux Marichal Marquard Martínez Mathewson McGinnity Méndez Morris Newhouser Nichols Niekro Paige Palmer Pennock Perry Plank Radbourn Rixey Roberts Rogan Ruffing Rusie Ryan Seaver H. Smith Smoltz Spahn Sutter Sutton Vance Waddell Walsh Welch Wilhelm J. Williams Willis Wynn Young

Catchers

Bench Berra Bresnahan Campanella Carter Cochrane Dickey Ewing Ferrell Fisk J. Gibson Hartnett Lombardi Mackey Piazza Rodríguez Santop Schalk

First basemen

Anson Bagwell Beckley Bottomley Brouthers Cepeda Chance Connor Foxx Gehrig Greenberg G. Kelly Killebrew Leonard McCovey Mize Murray Pérez Sisler Suttles Taylor Terry Thomas Thome

Second basemen

Alomar Biggio Carew E. Collins Doerr Evers Fox Frisch Gehringer Gordon Grant Herman Hornsby Lajoie Lazzeri Mazeroski McPhee Morgan J. Robinson Sandberg Schoendienst

Third basemen

Baker Boggs Brett J. Collins Dandridge J. Johnson Jones Kell Lindstrom Mathews Molitor B. Robinson Santo Schmidt Traynor J. Wilson D. White

Shortstops

Aparicio Appling Bancroft Banks Boudreau Cronin Davis T. Jackson Jennings Larkin Lloyd Maranville Reese Ripken Jr. Rizzuto Sewell O. Smith Tinker Trammell Vaughan Wagner Wallace Ward Wells Yount

Outfielders

Aaron Ashburn Averill Bell Brock W. Brown Burkett Carey Charleston Clarke Clemente Cobb Combs Crawford Cuyler Dawson Delahanty DiMaggio Doby Duffy Flick Goslin Griffey Jr. Guerrero Gwynn Hafey Hamilton Heilmann Henderson Hill Hooper Irvin R. Jackson Kaline Keeler Kelley K. Kelly Kiner Klein Mantle Manush Mays T. McCarthy Medwick Musial O'Rourke Ott Puckett Raines J. Rice S. Rice F. Robinson Roush Ruth Simmons Slaughter Snider Speaker Stargell Stearnes Thompson Torriente L. Waner P. Waner Wheat B. Williams T. Williams H. Wilson Winfield Yastrzemski Youngs

Managers

Alston Anderson Cox Durocher Hanlon Harris Herzog Huggins La Russa Lasorda López Mack J. McCarthy McGraw McKechnie W. Robinson Selee Southworth Stengel Torre Weaver D. Williams

Executives / pioneers

Barrow Bulkeley Cartwright Chadwick Chandler Comiskey Dreyfuss R. Foster Frick Giles Gillick Griffith Harridge Hulbert B. Johnson Kuhn Landis La. MacPhail Le. MacPhail Manley O'Malley Pompez Posey Rickey Ruppert Schuerholz Selig Spalding Veeck Weiss S. White Wilkinson G. Wright H. Wright Yawkey

Umpires

Barlick Chylak Conlan Connolly Evans Harvey Hubbard Klem McGowan O'Day

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Sporting News Executive of the Year Award

1936: Rickey 1937: Barrow 1938: Giles 1939: La. MacPhail 1940: Briggs 1941: Barrow 1942: Rickey 1943: Cl. Griffith 1944: DeWitt 1945: Wrigley 1946: Yawkey 1947: Rickey 1948: Veeck 1949: Carpenter 1950: Weiss 1951: Weiss 1952: Weiss 1953: Perini 1954: Stoneham 1955: O'Malley 1956: Paul 1957: Lane 1958: Brown 1959: Bavasi 1960: Weiss 1961: Topping 1962: Haney 1963: Devine 1964: Devine 1965: Ca. Griffith 1966: Le. MacPhail 1967: O'Connell 1968: Campbell 1969: Murphy 1970: Dalton 1971: Tallis 1972: Hemond 1973: Howsam 1974: Paul 1975: O'Connell 1976: Burke 1977: Veeck 1978: Richardson 1979: Peters 1980: Smith 1981: McHale 1982: Dalton 1983: Peters 1984: Green 1985: Schuerholz 1986: Cashen 1987: Rosen 1988: Claire 1989: Hemond 1990: Quinn 1991: A. MacPhail 1992: Duquette 1993: Thomas 1994: Hart 1995: Hart 1996: Melvin 1997: Bonifay 1998: Hunsicker 1999: Beane 2000: Jocketty 2001: Gillick 2002: Ryan 2003: Sabean 2004: Jocketty 2005: Shapiro 2006: Ryan 2007: Shapiro 2008: Friedman 2009: O'Dowd 2010: Jocketty 2011: Dombrowski / Melvin 2012: Beane 2013: Cherington 2014: Duquette 2015: Anthopoulos 2016: Epstein

v t e

Principal owners of the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
franchise

Charles Somers Jim Dunn/Dunn estate Alva Bradley Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
and Hank Greenberg Ellis Ryan and Hank Greenberg Myron H. Wilson William R. Daley Vernon Stouffer Nick Mileti Ted Bonda Steve O'Neill/O'Neill estate Dick Jacobs Larry Dolan/Paul Dolan

v t e

Principal owners of the Baltimore Orioles
Baltimore Orioles
franchise

Milwaukee Brewers (1901)

Henry Killilea

St. Louis Browns
St. Louis Browns
(1902–1953)

Robert Hedges Phil Ball Phil Ball estate Donald Lee Barnes Richard Muckerman Bill DeWitt Bill Veeck

Baltimore Orioles
Baltimore Orioles
(1954–present)

Jerold Hoffberger & Clarence Miles Jerold Hoffberger & James Keelty Jerold Hoffberger & Joe Iglehart Jerold Hoffberger Edward Bennett Williams Eli Jacobs Peter Angelos

v t e

Principal owners of the Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
franchise

Charles Comiskey J. Louis Comiskey Grace Comiskey Dorothy Comiskey Rigney & Chuck Comiskey Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
& Chuck Comiskey Arthur Allyn, Jr. & John Allyn John Allyn Bill Veeck Jerry Reinsdorf

v t e

Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
general managers

Ernest Barnard (1903–1915) Bob McRoy
Bob McRoy
(1916–1917) Ernest Barnard (1918–1927) Billy Evans
Billy Evans
(1927–1935) Cy Slapnicka (1935–1941) Roger Peckinpaugh
Roger Peckinpaugh
(1941–1946) Bill Veeck
Bill Veeck
(1946–1949) Hank Greenberg
Hank Greenberg
(1950–1957) Frank Lane (1957–1961) Gabe Paul
Gabe Paul
(1961–1969) Alvin Dark
Alvin Dark
(1969–1971) Gabe Paul
Gabe Paul
(1971–1973) Phil Seghi (1973–1985) Joe Klein (1986) Hank Peters
Hank Peters
(1987–1991) John Hart (1991–2001) Mark Shapiro (2001–2010) Chris Antonetti (2010–2015) Mike Chernoff (2015–present)

v t e

Baltimore Orioles
Baltimore Orioles
general managers

Ehlers Richards L. MacPhail Dalton Cashen Peters Hemond Gillick Wren Thrift Beattie Flanagan A. MacPhail Duquette

v t e

Chicago White Sox
Chicago White Sox
general managers

Grabiner O'Connor Lane Comiskey Rigney Veeck Greenberg Short Holcomb Hemond Harrelson Himes Schueler Williams Hahn

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Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
on NBC

Related programs

Baseball Night in America (1994–1995) Major League Baseball: An Inside Look (1979–1989) Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
Game of the Week (1957–1964; 1966–1989) Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
on NBC Radio (1927–1938; 1957–1975) Monday Night Baseball (1967–1975)

Misc. programs

Gillette
Gillette
Cavalcade of Sports USA Thursday Game of the Week (1979–1983)

Related articles

The Baseball Network World Series television ratings Television contracts

NBC's owned & operated TV stations

W2XBS (later WNBT) (New York Yankees, 1939–1945) WCAU
WCAU
10 (Philadelphia Phillies, 2014–present) KCST 39 (later KNSD) (San Diego Padres, 1971–1972; 1984–1986) KNTV
KNTV
11 (San Francisco Giants, 2008–present)

NBC Sports

Bay Area (San Francisco Giants) California (Oakland Athletics) Chicago
Chicago
( Chicago
Chicago
Cubs & White Sox) Philadelphia (Philadelphia Phillies) New York (New York Mets)

Sponsors

Ford Gillette National Bohemian

Commentators

The Baseball Network All-Star Game ALCS ALDS NLCS NLDS World Series

Key figures

Mel Allen Jim Britt Jack Buck Skip Caray Bob Carpenter Bob Costas Dick Enberg Bill Enis Joe Garagiola Curt Gowdy Greg Gumbel Merle Harmon Ernie Harwell Charlie Jones George Kell Jon Miller Monte Moore Bob Neal Lindsey Nelson Bill O'Donnell Jay Randolph Ted Robinson Vin Scully Jim Simpson Chuck Thompson Gary Thorne Pete van Wieren Bob Wolff Jim Woods

Color commentators

Sal Bando Bucky Dent Larry Dierker Don Drysdale Leo Durocher Joe Garagiola Ken Harrelson Fred Haney Tommy Hutton Jim Kaat Sandy Koufax Tony Kubek Ron Luciano John Lowenstein Mickey Mantle Tim McCarver Joe Morgan Bobby Murcer Wes Parker Pee Wee Reese Al Rosen Tom Seaver Mike Shannon Joe Torre Bob Uecker Bill Veeck Maury Wills

Guest commentators

Rick Dempsey Barry Larkin Ronald Reagan Mike Schmidt Don Sutton Bobby Valentine

Hosts

Mike Adamle Marv Albert Len Berman Jimmy Cefalo Gayle Gardner Bryant Gumbel Bill Macatee Keith Olbermann Ahmad Rashād Hannah Storm

Field reporters

Johnny Bench Jim Gray Jimmy Roberts Craig Sager Bob Wischusen

Lore

Regular season games

#715 (1974) "The Sandberg Game" (1984)

Tie-breaker games

1951 National League
National League
tie-breaker series (Games 2-3) 1962 National League
National League
tie-breaker series

LCS games

"Go crazy folks!" (1985) Jeffrey Maier (1996) "Grand Slam Single" (1999)

World Series games

Subway Series "The Catch (1954)" Don Larsen's Perfect Game (1956) "Shoe polish incident" (1969) "Fisk Waves it Fair" (1975) Michael Sergio (1986) "It gets through Buckner!" (1986) Kirk Gibson's home run (1988) All-Century Team (1999)

Music

"Broken Wings" "Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood" "Don't Look in My Eyes" "Fame" "Limelight" "One Moment in Time" "The Stuff That Dreams Are Made Of"

Instrumentals

The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. "Chase" "Don't Turn Away" "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" The Untouchables

World Series

1947 (Games 1 & 5) 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1995 (Games 2–3, & 6) 1997 1999

AL Championship

1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1995 (Games 3–6) 1996 1998 2000

NL Championship

1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1995 (Games 3–4) 1997 1999

AL Division Series

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

NL Division Series

1981 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

All-Star Game

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959: First–Second 1960: First–Second 1961: First–Second 1962: First–Second 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1994 1996 1998 2000

Seasons

Pre-Game of the Week

1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956

Game of the Week era

1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 (All-Star Game and World Series only) 1966 (exclusive coverage begins) 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

The Baseball Network
The Baseball Network
era

1994 1995

No regular season coverage

1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

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Members of the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
Hall of Fame

Sandy Alomar, Jr. Earl Averill Carlos Baerga Jim Bagby, Sr. Albert Belle Lou Boudreau Bill Bradley Ray Chapman Stan Coveleski Rocky Colavito Larry Doby Bob Feller Wes Ferrell Elmer Flick Mike Garcia Joe Gordon Mel Harder Mike Hargrove Jim Hegan Shoeless Joe Jackson Charlie Jamieson Addie Joss Ken Keltner Nap Lajoie Bob Lemon Kenny Lofton Al Lopez Sam McDowell Charles Nagy Steve O'Neill Satchel Paige Gaylord Perry Frank Robinson Al Rosen Herb Score Joe Sewell Tris Speaker Jim Thome Andre Thornton Hal Trosky Omar Vizquel Early Wynn Cy Young

Distinguished Hall of Fame

Jimmy Dudley Jack Graney John Hart Dick Jacobs Cy Slapnicka Bill Veeck Jim Warfield

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35926986 LCCN: n86011

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