The Info List - Bill Gates

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William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of the Microsoft
Corporation.[2][3] During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014. In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen
Paul Allen
launched Microsoft, which became the world's largest PC software company.[4][a] Gates led the company as chief executive officer until stepping down in January 2000, but he remained as chairman and created the position of chief software architect for himself.[7] In June 2006, Gates announced that he would be transitioning from full-time work at Microsoft
to part-time work and full-time work at the Bill & Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation, which was established in 2000.[8] He gradually transferred his duties to Ray Ozzie
Ray Ozzie
and Craig Mundie.[9] He stepped down as chairman of Microsoft
in February 2014 and assumed a new post as technology adviser to support the newly appointed CEO Satya Nadella.[10] Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. He has been criticized for his business tactics, which have been considered anti-competitive. This opinion has been upheld by numerous court rulings.[11] Later in his career, Gates pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors. He donated large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation.[citation needed] Since 1987, Gates has been included in the Forbes
list of the world's wealthiest people, an index of the wealthiest documented individuals, excluding and ranking against those with wealth that is not able to be completely ascertained.[12][13] From 1995 to 2017, he held the Forbes
title of the richest person in the world all but four of those years, and held it consistently from March 2014 – July 2017, with an estimated net worth of US$89.9 billion as of October 2017.[1] However, on July 27, 2017, and since October 27, 2017, he has been surpassed by Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos, who had an estimated net worth of US$90.6 billion at the time.[14] In 2009, Gates and Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett
founded The Giving Pledge, whereby they and other billionaires pledge to give at least half of their wealth to philanthropy.[15] The foundation works to save lives and improve global health, and is working with Rotary International
Rotary International
to eliminate polio.[16] As of February 17, 2018, Gates had a net worth of $91.7 billion, making him the second richest person in the world, behind Bezos.


1 Early life 2 Microsoft

2.1 BASIC 2.2 IBM
partnership 2.3 Windows 2.4 Management style 2.5 Antitrust litigation 2.6 Appearance in ads

3 Post-Microsoft 4 Personal life

4.1 Philanthropy

4.1.1 Bill and Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation 4.1.2 Personal donations 4.1.3 Criticism 4.1.4 Charity sports events

4.2 Recognition 4.3 External business ventures and investments

5 Books, films, social media and radio

5.1 Books 5.2 Documentaries 5.3 Feature films 5.4 Social media 5.5 Video and film clips 5.6 Radio

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References

8.1 Citations 8.2 Bibliography

9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life Gates was born in Seattle, Washington
Seattle, Washington
on October 28, 1955. He is the son of William H. Gates Sr.[b] (b. 1925) and Mary Maxwell Gates (1929–1994). His ancestry includes English, German, Irish, and Scots-Irish.[17][18] His father was a prominent lawyer, and his mother served on the board of directors for First Interstate BancSystem
First Interstate BancSystem
and the United Way. Gates' maternal grandfather was JW Maxwell, a national bank president. Gates has one elder sister, Kristi (Kristianne), and one younger sister, Libby. He is the fourth of his name in his family, but is known as William Gates III or "Trey" because his father had the "II" suffix.[19] Early on in his life, Gates' parents had a law career in mind for him.[20] When Gates was young, his family regularly attended a church of the Congregational Christian Churches, a Protestant
denomination.[21][22][23] The family encouraged competition; one visitor reported that "it didn't matter whether it was hearts or pickleball or swimming to the dock ... there was always a reward for winning and there was always a penalty for losing".[24] At 13, he enrolled in the Lakeside School, a private preparatory school.[25] When he was in the eighth grade, the Mothers' Club at the school used proceeds from Lakeside School's rummage sale to buy a Teletype Model 33
Teletype Model 33
ASR terminal and a block of computer time on a General Electric
General Electric
(GE) computer for the school's students.[26] Gates took an interest in programming the GE system in BASIC, and was excused from math classes to pursue his interest. He wrote his first computer program on this machine: an implementation of tic-tac-toe that allowed users to play games against the computer. Gates was fascinated by the machine and how it would always execute software code perfectly. When he reflected back on that moment, he said, "There was just something neat about the machine."[27] After the Mothers Club donation was exhausted, he and other students sought time on systems including DEC PDP minicomputers. One of these systems was a PDP-10 belonging to Computer Center Corporation (CCC), which banned four Lakeside students – Gates, Paul Allen, Ric Weiland, and Kent Evans – for the summer after it caught them exploiting bugs in the operating system to obtain free computer time.[28][29] At the end of the ban, the four students offered to find bugs in CCC's software in exchange for extra computer time. Rather than use the system via Teletype. Subsequently, Gates went to CCC's offices and studied source code for various programs that ran on the system, including programs in Fortran, Lisp, and machine language. The arrangement with CCC continued until 1970, when the company went out of business. The following year, Information Sciences, Inc. hired the four Lakeside students to write a payroll program in COBOL, providing them computer time and royalties. After his administrators became aware of his programming abilities, Gates wrote the school's computer program to schedule students in classes. He modified the code so that he was placed in classes with "a disproportionate number of interesting girls."[30] He later stated that "it was hard to tear myself away from a machine at which I could so unambiguously demonstrate success."[27] At age 17, Gates formed a venture with Allen, called Traf-O-Data, to make traffic counters based on the Intel 8008 processor.[31] In early 1973, Bill Gates
Bill Gates
served as a congressional page in the U.S. House of Representatives.[32] Gates was a National Merit Scholar when he graduated from Lakeside School in 1973.[33] He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) and enrolled at Harvard College
Harvard College
in the autumn of 1973.[34][35] He chose a pre-law major but took mathematics and graduate level computer science courses.[36] While at Harvard, he met fellow student Steve Ballmer. Gates left Harvard after two years while Ballmer would stay and graduate magna cum laude. Years later, Ballmer succeeded Gates as Microsoft's CEO. He maintained that position from 2000 until his resignation from the company in 2014.[37] In his second year, Gates devised an algorithm for pancake sorting as a solution to one of a series of unsolved problems[38] presented in a combinatorics class by Harry Lewis, one of his professors. Gates' solution held the record as the fastest version for over thirty years;[38][39] its successor is faster by only one percent.[38] His solution was later formalized in a published paper in collaboration with Harvard computer scientist Christos Papadimitriou.[40] Gates did not have a definite study plan while he was a student at Harvard,[41] and he spent a lot of time using the school's computers. Gates remained in contact with Paul Allen, and he joined him at Honeywell
during the summer of 1974.[42] The MITS Altair 8800
MITS Altair 8800
was released the following year. The new computer was based on the Intel 8080 CPU, and Gates and Allen saw this as the opportunity to start their own computer software company.[43] Gates dropped out of Harvard at this time. He had talked over this decision with his parents, who were supportive of him after seeing how much their son wanted to start his own company.[41] Gates explained his decision to leave Harvard, saying "...if things [Microsoft] hadn't worked out, I could always go back to school. I was officially on [a] leave [of absence]."[44] Microsoft Main articles: History of Microsoft
and Microsoft BASIC

MITS Altair 8800
MITS Altair 8800
Computer with 8-inch (200 mm) floppy disk system

After Gates read the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics, which demonstrated the Altair 8800, he contacted Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), the creators of the new microcomputer, to inform them that he and others were working on a BASIC
interpreter for the platform.[45] In reality, Gates and Allen did not have an Altair and had not written code for it; they merely wanted to gauge MITS's interest. MITS president Ed Roberts agreed to meet them for a demo, and over the course of a few weeks they developed an Altair emulator that ran on a minicomputer, and then the BASIC
interpreter. The demonstration, held at MITS's offices in Albuquerque, was a success and resulted in a deal with MITS to distribute the interpreter as Altair BASIC. Paul Allen
Paul Allen
was hired into MITS,[46] and Gates took a leave of absence from Harvard to work with Allen at MITS in Albuquerque in November 1975. They named their partnership "Micro-Soft" and had their first office located in Albuquerque.[46] Within a year, the hyphen was dropped, and on November 26, 1976, the trade name "Microsoft" was registered with the Office of the Secretary of the State of New Mexico.[46] Gates never returned to Harvard to complete his studies. Microsoft's Altair BASIC
was popular with computer hobbyists, but Gates discovered that a pre-market copy had leaked into the community and was being widely copied and distributed. In February 1976, Gates wrote an Open Letter to Hobbyists
Open Letter to Hobbyists
in the MITS newsletter in which he asserted that more than 90 percent of the users of Microsoft
Altair BASIC
had not paid Microsoft
for it and by doing so the Altair "hobby market" was in danger of eliminating the incentive for any professional developers to produce, distribute, and maintain high-quality software.[47] This letter was unpopular with many computer hobbyists, but Gates persisted in his belief that software developers should be able to demand payment. Microsoft
became independent of MITS in late 1976, and it continued to develop programming language software for various systems.[46] The company moved from Albuquerque to its new home in Bellevue, Washington, on January 1, 1979.[45] During Microsoft's early years, all employees had broad responsibility for the company's business. Gates oversaw the business details, but continued to write code as well. In the first five years, according to Bill Gates' own claims, he personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped, and often rewrote parts of it as he saw fit.[48][unreliable source?] IBM
partnership IBM
approached Microsoft
in July 1980 in reference to an operating system for its upcoming personal computer, the IBM
PC.[49] IBM
first proposed that Microsoft
write the BASIC
interpreter. When IBM's representatives mentioned that they needed an operating system, Gates referred them to Digital Research (DRI), makers of the widely used CP/M
operating system.[50] IBM's discussions with Digital Research went poorly, and they did not reach a licensing agreement. IBM representative Jack Sams mentioned the licensing difficulties during a subsequent meeting with Gates and told him to get an acceptable operating system. A few weeks later, Gates proposed using 86-DOS (QDOS), an operating system similar to CP/M
that Tim Paterson of Seattle Computer Products
Seattle Computer Products
(SCP) had made for hardware similar to the PC. Microsoft
made a deal with SCP to become the exclusive licensing agent, and later the full owner, of 86-DOS. After adapting the operating system for the PC, Microsoft
delivered it to IBM
as PC DOS in exchange for a one-time fee of $50,000.[51] Gates did not offer to transfer the copyright on the operating system, because he believed that other hardware vendors would clone IBM's system.[51] They did, and the sales of MS-DOS
made Microsoft
a major player in the industry.[52] Despite IBM's name on the operating system, the press quickly identified Microsoft
as being very influential on the new computer. PC Magazine asked if Gates were "the man behind the machine?",[49] and InfoWorld
quoted an expert as stating "it's Gates' computer".[53] Gates oversaw Microsoft's company restructuring on June 25, 1981, which re-incorporated the company in Washington state and made Gates the president of Microsoft
and its board chairman.[45] Windows Microsoft
launched its first retail version of Microsoft
Windows on November 20, 1985. In August of the following year, the company struck a deal with IBM
to develop a separate operating system called OS/2. Although the two companies successfully developed the first version of the new system, the partnership deteriorated due to mounting creative differences.[54] Management style

Gates delivers a speech at the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
in Switzerland, January 2008

From Microsoft's founding in 1975 until 2006, Gates had primary responsibility for the company's product strategy. He gained a reputation for being distant from others; as early as 1981 an industry executive complained in public that "Gates is notorious for not being reachable by phone and for not returning phone calls."[55] Another executive recalled that he showed Gates a game and defeated him 35 of 37 times. When they met again a month later, Gates "won or tied every game. He had studied the game until he solved it. That is a competitor."[56] Gates was an executive who met regularly with Microsoft's senior managers and program managers. In firsthand accounts of these meetings, the managers described him being verbally combative. He also berated managers for perceived holes in their business strategies or proposals that placed the company's long-term interests at risk.[57][58] He interrupted presentations with such comments as "That's the stupidest thing I've ever heard!"[59] and "Why don't you just give up your options and join the Peace Corps?"[60] The target of his outburst then had to defend the proposal in detail until, hopefully, Gates was fully convinced.[59] When subordinates appeared to be procrastinating, he was known to remark sarcastically, "I'll do it over the weekend."[61][62][63] During Microsoft's early history, Gates was an active software developer, particularly in the company's programming language products, but his basic role in most of the company's history was primarily as a manager and executive. Gates has not officially been on a development team since working on the TRS-80 Model 100,[64] but as late as 1989 he wrote code that shipped with the company's products.[62] He remained interested in technical details; in 1985, Jerry Pournelle
Jerry Pournelle
wrote that when he watched Gates announce Microsoft Excel, "Something else impressed me. Bill Gates
Bill Gates
likes the program, not because it's going to make him a lot of money (although I'm sure it will do that), but because it's a neat hack."[65] On June 15, 2006, Gates announced that over the next two years he would transition out of his day-to-day role to dedicate more time to philanthropy. He divided his responsibilities between two successors when he placed Ray Ozzie
Ray Ozzie
in charge of day-to-day management and Craig Mundie in charge of long-term product strategy.[66] Antitrust litigation Further information: United States
United States
antitrust case and European Union Microsoft
competition case

Gates giving his deposition at Microsoft
on August 27, 1998

Many decisions that led to antitrust litigation over Microsoft's business practices have had Gates' approval. In the 1998 United States v. Microsoft
case, Gates gave deposition testimony that several journalists characterized as evasive. He argued with examiner David Boies over the contextual meaning of words such as, "compete", "concerned", and "we". The judge and other observers in the court room were seen laughing at various points during the deposition.[67] BusinessWeek reported:

Early rounds of his deposition show him offering obfuscatory answers and saying 'I don't recall,' so many times that even the presiding judge had to chuckle. Worse, many of the technology chief's denials and pleas of ignorance were directly refuted by prosecutors with snippets of e-mail that Gates both sent and received.[68]

Gates later said he had simply resisted attempts by Boies to mischaracterize his words and actions. As to his demeanor during the deposition, he said, "Did I fence with Boies? ... I plead guilty. Whatever that penalty is should be levied against me: rudeness to Boies in the first degree."[69] Despite Gates' denials, the judge ruled that Microsoft
had committed monopolization and tying, and blocking competition, both in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.[69] Appearance in ads

Mugshots of 22-year-old Gates following his 1977 arrest for a traffic violation in Albuquerque, New Mexico

In 2008, Gates appeared in a series of ads to promote Microsoft. The first commercial, co-starring Jerry Seinfeld, is a 90-second talk between strangers as Seinfeld
walks up on a discount shoe store (Shoe Circus) in a mall and notices Gates buying shoes inside. The salesman is trying to sell Mr. Gates shoes that are a size too big. As Gates is buying the shoes, he holds up his discount card, which uses a slightly altered version of his own mugshot of his arrest in New Mexico
New Mexico
in 1977, for a traffic violation.[70] As they are walking out of the mall, Seinfeld
asks Gates if he has melded his mind to other developers, after getting a "Yes", he then asks if they are working on a way to make computers edible, again getting a "Yes". Some say that this is an homage to Seinfeld's own show about "nothing" (Seinfeld).[71] In a second commercial in the series, Gates and Seinfeld
are at the home of an average family trying to fit in with normal people.[72] Post-Microsoft

Gates meets with U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, February 2017

Since leaving day-to-day operations at Microsoft, Gates has continued his philanthropy and works on other projects. According to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, Gates was the world's highest-earning billionaire in 2013, as his net worth increased by US$15.8 billion to US$78.5 billion. As of January 2014, most of Gates' assets are held in Cascade Investment
Cascade Investment
LLC, an entity through which he owns stakes in numerous businesses, including Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, and Corbis Corp.[73] On February 4, 2014, Gates stepped down as chairman of Microsoft
to become Technology Advisor alongside new CEO Satya Nadella.[10][74] Gates provided his perspective on a range of issues in a substantial interview that was published in the March 27, 2014 issue of Rolling Stone magazine. In the interview, Gates provided his perspective on climate change, his charitable activities, various tech companies and people involved in them, and the state of America. In response to a question about his greatest fear when he looks 50 years into the future, Gates stated: "... there'll be some really bad things that'll happen in the next 50 or 100 years, but hopefully none of them on the scale of, say, a million people that you didn't expect to die from a pandemic, or nuclear or bioterrorism." Gates also identified innovation as the "real driver of progress" and pronounced that "America's way better today than it's ever been."[75] Gates has recently expressed concern about the existential threats of superintelligence; in a Reddit
"ask me anything", he stated that

First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern. I agree with Elon Musk
Elon Musk
and some others on this and don't understand why some people are not concerned.[76][77][78][79]

In a March 2015 interview, with Baidu's CEO, Robin Li, Gates claimed he would "highly recommend" Nick Bostrom's recent work, Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies.[80] Gates' days are planned for him, similar to the US President's schedule, on a minute-by-minute basis.[81] Personal life

Gates and his wife Melinda, June 2009

Gates married Melinda French on a golf course on the Hawaiian island of Lanai
on January 1, 1994; he was 38 and she was 29. They have three children: Jennifer Katharine (b. 1996), Rory John (b. 1999), and Phoebe Adele (b. 2002). The family resides in a modern design mansion, which is an earth-sheltered house in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington
Lake Washington
in Medina near Seattle
in Washington state, United States. According to 2007 King County public records, the total assessed value of the property (land and house) is $125 million, and the annual property taxes are $991,000. The 66,000 sq ft (6,100 m2) estate has a 60-foot (18 m) swimming pool with an underwater music system, as well as a 2,500 sq ft (230 m2) gym and a 1,000 sq ft (93 m2) dining room.[82] In an interview with Rolling Stone, Gates stated in regard to his faith:

The moral systems of religion, I think, are super important. We've raised our kids in a religious way; they've gone to the Catholic church that Melinda goes to and I participate in. I've been very lucky, and therefore I owe it to try and reduce the inequity in the world. And that's kind of a religious belief. I mean, it's at least a moral belief.[83]

In the same interview, Gates said:

I agree with people like Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins
that mankind felt the need for creation myths. Before we really began to understand disease and the weather and things like that, we sought false explanations for them. Now science has filled in some of the realm – not all – that religion used to fill. But the mystery and the beauty of the world is overwhelmingly amazing, and there's no scientific explanation of how it came about. To say that it was generated by random numbers, that does seem, you know, sort of an uncharitable view [laughs]. I think it makes sense to believe in God, but exactly what decision in your life you make differently because of it, I don't know."[83]

The Codex Leicester
Codex Leicester
is one of Gates' private acquisitions. He purchased the collection of famous scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci for $30.8 million at an auction in 1994.[84] Gates is also known for being an avid reader, and the ceiling of his large home library is engraved with a quotation from The Great Gatsby.[85] He also enjoys playing bridge, tennis, and golf.[86][87] In 1999, his wealth briefly surpassed $101 billion.[88] Despite his wealth and extensive business travel, Gates usually flew coach in commercial aircraft until 1997, when he bought a private jet.[89] Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft
holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multibillion-dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In a May 2006 interview, Gates commented that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought.[90] In March 2010, Gates was the second wealthiest person behind Carlos Slim, but regained the top position in 2013, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires List.[91][92] Carlos Slim
Carlos Slim
retook the position again in June 2014[93][94] (but then lost the top position back to Gates). Between 2009 and 2014, his wealth doubled from US$40 billion to more than US$82 billion.[95] Since October 2017, Gates was surpassed by Amazon.com
founder Jeff Bezos
Jeff Bezos
as the richest person in the world.[14] Bill Gates
Bill Gates
has held the top spot on the list of The World's Billionaires for 18 out of the past 23 years.[96] Gates has several investments outside Microsoft, which in 2006 paid him a salary of $616,667 and $350,000 bonus totalling $966,667.[97] In 1989, he founded Corbis, a digital imaging company. In 2004, he became a director of Berkshire Hathaway, the investment company headed by long-time friend Warren Buffett.[98] In 2016, he was discussing his gaming habits when he revealed that he was color-blind.[99] In a BBC
interview, Gates claimed "I've paid more tax than any individual ever, and gladly so... I've paid over $6 billion in taxes."[100] He is a proponent of higher taxes, particularly for the rich.[101] Philanthropy

Gates with Bono, Queen Rania of Jordan, former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, President Umaru Yar'Adua of Nigeria and others during the Annual Meeting 2008 of the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
in Switzerland

In 2009, Gates and Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett
founded The Giving Pledge, whereby they and other billionaires pledge to give at least half of their wealth to philanthropy.[15] Bill and Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation Main article: Bill & Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation Gates studied the work of Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
and John D. Rockefeller, and donated some of his Microsoft
stock in 1994 to create the "William H. Gates Foundation." In 2000, Gates and his wife combined three family foundations and Gates donated stock valued at $5 billion to create the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation, which was identified by the Funds for NGOs company in 2013, as the world's wealthiest charitable foundation, with assets reportedly valued at more than $34.6 billion.[102][103] The Foundation allows benefactors to access information that shows how its money is being spent, unlike other major charitable organizations such as the Wellcome Trust.[104][105] Gates has credited the generosity and extensive philanthropy of David Rockefeller as a major influence. Gates and his father met with Rockefeller several times, and their charity work is partly modeled on the Rockefeller family's philanthropic focus, whereby they are interested in tackling the global problems that are ignored by governments and other organizations.[106] As of 2007, Bill and Melinda Gates were the second-most generous philanthropists in America, having given over $28 billion to charity;[107] the couple plan to eventually donate 95 percent of their wealth to charity.[108] The foundation is organized into four program areas: Global Development Division, Global Health Division, United States
United States
Division, and Global Policy & Advocacy Division.[109] The foundation supports the use of genetically modified organisms in agricultural development. Specifically, the foundation is supporting the International Rice Research Institute
International Rice Research Institute
in developing Golden Rice, a genetically modified rice variant used to combat Vitamin A deficiency.[110] Personal donations Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
suggested that people should emulate the philanthropic efforts of the Salwen family, which had sold its home and given away half of its value, as detailed in The Power of Half.[111] Gates and his wife invited Joan Salwen to Seattle
to speak about what the family had done, and on December 9, 2010, Gates, investor Warren Buffett, and Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
signed a commitment they called the "Gates-Buffet Giving Pledge." The pledge is a commitment by all three to donate at least half of their wealth over the course of time to charity.[112][113][114] Gates has also provided personal donations to educational institutions. In 1999, Gates donated $20 million to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(MIT) for the construction of a computer laboratory named the "William H. Gates Building" that was designed by architect Frank Gehry. While Microsoft
had previously given financial support to the institution, this was the first personal donation received from Gates.[115] The Maxwell Dworkin Laboratory of the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is named after the mothers of both Gates and Microsoft
President Steven A. Ballmer, both of whom were students (Ballmer was a member of the School's graduating class of 1977, while Gates left his studies for Microsoft), and donated funds for the laboratory's construction.[116] Gates also donated $6 million to the construction of the Gates Computer Science Building, completed in January 1996, on the campus of Stanford University. The building contains the Computer Science Department (CSD) and the Computer Systems Laboratory (CSL) of Stanford's Engineering department.[117] On August 15, 2014, Bill Gates
Bill Gates
posted a video of himself on Facebook in which he is seen dumping a bucket of ice water on his head. Gates posted the video after Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
challenged him to do so in order to raise awareness for the disease ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).[118] Since about 2005, Bill Gates
Bill Gates
and his foundation have taken an interest in solving global sanitation problems. For example, they announced the "Reinvent the Toilet Challenge", which has received considerable media interest.[119] To raise awareness for the topic of sanitation and possible solutions, Gates drank water that was "produced from human feces" in 2014 – in fact it was produced from a sewage sludge treatment process called the Omni-processor.[120][121] In early 2015, he also appeared with Jimmy Fallon
Jimmy Fallon
on The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
and challenged him to see if he could taste the difference between this reclaimed water or bottled water.[122] In November 2017, Gates said he would give $50 million to the Dementia Discovery Fund, a venture capital that seeks treatment for Alzheimer's disease. He also pledged an additional $50 million to start-up ventures working in Alzheimer’s research.[123] Bill and Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
have said that they intend to leave their three children $10 million each as their inheritance. With only $30 million kept in the family, they appear to be on a course to give away about 99.96 percent of their wealth.[124] Criticism In 2007, the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
criticized the foundation for investing its assets in companies that have been accused of worsening poverty, polluting heavily, and pharmaceutical companies that do not sell to the developing world.[125] In response to press criticism, the foundation announced a review of its investments to assess social responsibility.[126] It subsequently canceled the review and stood by its policy of investing for maximum return, while using voting rights to influence company practices.[127] The Gates Millennium Scholars program has been criticized by Ernest W. Lefever for its exclusion of Caucasian students.[128] The scholarship program is administered by the United Negro College Fund.[129] In 2014, Bill Gates
Bill Gates
sparked a protest in Vancouver when he decided to donate $50 million to UNAIDS through the Bill & Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation for the purpose of mass circumcision in Zambia and Swaziland.[130][131] Charity sports events On April 29, 2017, Bill Gates
Bill Gates
partnered with Swiss tennis legend Roger Federer in playing a noncompetitive tennis match to a packed house at Key Arena
Key Arena
in Seattle. The event was in support of Roger Federer Foundation's charity efforts in Africa.[132] Federer and Gates played against John Isner and Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
lead guitarist Mike McReady. Gates and Federer won the game 6–4. Recognition

Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
and Gates at the fifth D: All Things Digital conference (D5) in 2007

In 1987, Gates was listed as a billionaire in Forbes
magazine's 400 Richest People in America issue. He was worth $1.25 billion and was the world's youngest self-made billionaire.[13] Since 1987, Gates has been included in the Forbes
The World's Billionaires
The World's Billionaires
list and was the wealthiest from 1995 to 1996,[133] 1998 to 2007, 2009, and has been since 2014.[1] Gates was number one on Forbes' 400 Richest Americans list from 1993 through to 2007, 2009, and 2014 through 2017.[134][135] Time magazine named Gates one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th century, as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004, 2005, and 2006. Time also collectively named Gates, his wife Melinda and U2's lead singer Bono
as the 2005 Persons of the Year for their humanitarian efforts.[136] In 2006, he was voted eighth in the list of "Heroes of our time".[137] Gates was listed in the Sunday Times power list in 1999, named CEO of the year by Chief Executive Officers magazine in 1994, ranked number one in the "Top 50 Cyber Elite" by Time in 1998, ranked number two in the Upside Elite 100 in 1999, and was included in The Guardian
The Guardian
as one of the "Top 100 influential people in media" in 2001.[138] According to Forbes, Gates was ranked as the fourth most powerful person in the world in 2012,[139] up from fifth in 2011.[140] In 1994, he was honored as the twentieth Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society. In 1999, Gates received New York Institute of Technology's President's Medal.[141] Gates has received honorary doctorates from Nyenrode Business Universiteit, Breukelen, The Netherlands, in 2000;[142] the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, in 2002;[143] Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, in 2005; Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, in April 2007;[144] Harvard University in June 2007;[145] the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, in 2007,[146] and Cambridge University in June 2009.[147] He was also made an honorary trustee of Peking University
Peking University
in 2007.[148] Gates was made an Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
in 2005.[149] In November 2006, he was awarded the Placard of the Order of the Aztec Eagle, together with his wife Melinda who was awarded the Insignia of the same order, both for their philanthropic work around the world in the areas of health and education, particularly in Mexico, and specifically in the program "Un país de lectores".[150] Gates received the 2010 Bower Award for Business Leadership from The Franklin Institute for his achievements at Microsoft
and his philanthropic work.[151] Also in 2010, he was honored with the Silver Buffalo Award by the Boy Scouts of America, its highest award for adults, for his service to youth.[152] Entomologists named Bill Gates' flower fly, Eristalis gatesi, in his honor in 1997.[153] In 2002, Bill and Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
received the Jefferson Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged.[154] In 2006, Gates received the James C. Morgan Global Humanitarian Award from The Tech Awards.[155] In 2015, Gates, along with his wife Melinda, received the Padma Bhushan, India's third-highest civilian award for their social work in the country.[156][157] In 2016, President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
honored Gates and his wife Melinda with the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
for their philanthropic efforts.[158] In 2017, President François Hollande
François Hollande
awarded Bill and Melinda with the France's highest national award – Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour
in Paris for their charity efforts.[159] External business ventures and investments

Cascade Investments LLC, a private investment and holding company incorporated in the United States, controlled by Bill Gates
Bill Gates
and headquartered in Kirkland, Washington. bgC3, a new think-tank company founded by Gates. Corbis, a digital image licensing and rights services company. TerraPower, a nuclear reactor design company. Eclipse Aviation, a defunct manufacturer of very light jets. Gates was a major stake-holder early on in the project. ResearchGate, a social networking site for scientists. Gates participated in a $35 million round of financing along with other investors.[160]

Books, films, social media and radio Books To date, Bill Gates
Bill Gates
has written two books:

The Road Ahead, written with Microsoft
executive Nathan Myhrvold
Nathan Myhrvold
and journalist Peter Rinearson, was published in November 1995. It summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global information superhighway. Business @ the Speed of Thought
Business @ the Speed of Thought
was published in 1999, and discusses how business and technology are integrated, and shows how digital infrastructures and information networks can help getting an edge on the competition.


External video

The Machine That Changed The World; Interview with Bill Gates, 1990 (raw video), 44:03, Open Vault WGBH[161]

The Machine That Changed the World (miniseries) (1990) Triumph of the Nerds
Triumph of the Nerds
(1996) Nerds 2.0.1 (1998) Waiting for "Superman"
Waiting for "Superman"
(2010)[162] The Virtual Revolution
The Virtual Revolution

Feature films

1999: Pirates of Silicon Valley, a film which chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft
from the early 1970s to 1997. Gates is portrayed by Anthony Michael Hall. 2002: Nothing So Strange, a mocumentary featuring Gates as the subject of a modern assassination. Gates briefly appears at the start, played by Steve Sires. 2010: The Social Network, a film which chronicles the development of Facebook. Gates is portrayed by Steve Sires.[163] 2015: Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
vs. Bill Gates: The Competition to Control the Personal Computer, 1974–1999: Original film from the National Geographic Channel for the American Genius
American Genius

Social media In 2013, Gates became a LinkedIn
Influencer.[165] Video and film clips

1983: Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
hosts Bill Gates
Bill Gates
in the Macintosh dating game at the Macintosh pre-launch event (with Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
and Mitch Kapor, references the television show, The Dating Game) 2007: Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
and Bill Gates
Bill Gates
Together at D5 Conference

Radio Gates was the guest on BBC
Radio 4's Desert Island Discs
Desert Island Discs
on January 31, 2016, in which he talks about his relationships with his father and Steve Jobs, meeting his then future wife Melinda Ann French, the start of Microsoft
and some of his habits (for example reading The Economist "from cover to cover every week"). His choice of things to take on a desert island were, for music: "Blue Skies" by Willie Nelson; book: The Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker; and luxury item: a DVD Collection of Lectures from The Teaching Company.[166] See also

Big History
Big History
– academic discipline advocated by Bill Gates List of richest Americans in history List of wealthiest historical figures


^ Gates regularly documents his share ownership through public U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission form 4 filings.[5][6] ^ While his father was named William H. Gates II, he is now generally known as William H. Gates, Sr to avoid confusion with his son.

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Fridson, Martin (2001). How to Be a Billionaire: Proven Strategies from the Titans of Wealth. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-41617-7.  Gates, Bill (1996). The Road Ahead. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-026040-4.  Lesinski, Jeanne M. (2006). Bill Gates
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Empire. New York City: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-471-56886-4. 

Further reading

Bank, David (2001). Breaking Windows: how Bill Gates
Bill Gates
fumbled the future of Microsoft. New York City: Free Press. ISBN 0-7432-0315-1.  Rivlin, Gary (1999). The plot to get Bill Gates: an irreverent investigation of the world's richest man... and the people who hate him. New York City: Times Business. ISBN 0-8129-3006-1.  "83 Reasons Why Bill Gates's Reign Is Over". Wired. 6 (12). December 1998. Archived from the original on August 22, 2010.  Kildall, Gary (October 25, 2004). "The Man Who Could Have Been Bill Gates". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on April 4, 2006. Retrieved June 9, 2010.  "The Meaning of Bill Gates: As his reign at Microsoft
comes to an end, so does the era he dominated", The Economist, June 28, 2008.

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bill Gates

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Bill Gates
on IMDb Bill Gates
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at TED Works by or about Bill Gates
Bill Gates
in libraries ( WorldCat
catalog) Works by Bill Gates
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at Open Library
Open Library

Business positions

First Chief Executive Officer of Microsoft 1975–2000 Succeeded by Steve Ballmer

First Chairman
of Microsoft 1975–2014 Succeeded by John W. Thompson

Honorary titles

Preceded by Warren Buffett World's richest person 1996 Succeeded by Hassanal Bolkiah

Preceded by Hassanal Bolkiah World's richest person 1998–2007 Succeeded by Warren Buffett

Preceded by Warren Buffett World's richest person 2009 Succeeded by Carlos Slim

Preceded by Carlos Slim World's richest person 2014–2017 Succeeded by Jeff Bezos

v t e

Bill Gates

and history



Bill & Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
Foundation bgC3 Cascade Investment Corbis United States
United States
v. Microsoft
antitrust case


"Open Letter to Hobbyists" (1976) The Road Ahead (1995) Business @ the Speed of Thought
Business @ the Speed of Thought


Triumph of the Nerds
Triumph of the Nerds
(1996) Pirates of Silicon Valley
Pirates of Silicon Valley
(1999) The Social Network
The Social Network


William H. Gates Sr.
William H. Gates Sr.
(father) Mary Maxwell Gates
Mary Maxwell Gates
(mother) Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
(spouse) Mimi Gardner Gates
Mimi Gardner Gates


Codex Leicester Residence Lost on the Grand Banks Porsche 959

Links to related articles

v t e

Berkshire Hathaway

Board of directors

Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett
( Chairman
and CEO) Charlie Munger Greg Abel Howard Graham Buffett Susan Decker Bill Gates David Gottesman Charlotte Guyman Ajit Jain Donald Keough Thomas Murphy Ronald Olson Walter Scott Jr.


Applied Underwriters Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
Assurance Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
Homestate Companies

Bankers Surety Company

Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
Specialty Insurance BoatUS Central States Indemnity Gateway Underwriters Agency GEICO GEICO
Marine Insurance Company Gen Re Medical Protective National Indemnity Company

GUARD Insurance

United States
United States
Liability Insurance Group

Materials and construction

Acme Brick Benjamin Moore & Co. Charter Brokerage Clayton Homes International Metalworking Companies Johns Manville Lubrizol Marmon

Marmon-Herrington Procor Union Tank Car Company

MiTek Mouser Electronics Precision Castparts Corp.

Carlton Forge Works Special
Metals Timet Wyman-Gordon

Shaw Industries TTI


CORT Business Services Jordan's Furniture Larson-Juhl Nebraska
Furniture Mart RC Willey Home Furnishings Star


Brooks Sports Fruit of the Loom

Russell Vanity Fair Exquisite Form

Fechheimer Brothers Garanimals H.H. Brown Shoe Group

Acme Boots

Justin Brands Louis


Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
Automotive Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation FlightSafety International Forest River Marquis Jet McLane NetJets NetJets
Europe UTLX XTRA Lease


CTB International International Dairy Queen

Dairy Queen Karmelkorn Orange Julius

Kraft Heinz The Pampered Chef See's Candies


The Buffalo News Business Wire

BH Media


Bristol Herald Courier Culpeper Star-Exponent The Daily Nonpareil Danville Register & Bee Dothan Eagle Eden Daily News The Eagle Enterprise Ledger Grand Island Independent Hickory Daily Record Independent Tribune Jackson County Floridan Kearney Hub Martinsville Bulletin The Morning News Nelson County Times News & Record News & Messenger North Platte Telegraph Omaha World-Herald Opelika-Auburn News The Press of Atlantic City Roanoke Times Richmond Times-Dispatch Star-Herald Statesville Record & Landmark The Daily Progress The Free Lance–Star The McDowell News The News & Advance The News Herald The News Virginian The Reidsville Review Tulsa World Waco Tribune-Herald Winston-Salem Journal York News-Times

Television stations



Ben Bridge Jeweler Borsheim's Fine Jewelry Helzberg Diamonds Richline Group

Scott Fetzer

Campbell Hausfeld Ginsu Kirby World Book


MidAmerican Energy Company NV Energy PacifiCorp Northern Powergrid CalEnergy Generation Kern River Gas Transmission Company Northern Natural Gas HomeServices of America


Duracell Oriental Trading Company

Related articles

Blue Chip Stamps Wesco Financial Owned assets


v t e

Big History

Themes and subjects

Chronology of the universe Cosmic evolution Deep time Time scales Goldilocks principle Modernity

Eight thresholds

1: Creation - Big Bang
Big Bang
and cosmogony 2: Stars - creation of stars 3: Elements - creation of chemical elements inside dying stars 4: Planets - formation of planets 5: Life
- abiogenesis and evolution of life 6: Humans - development of Homo sapiens


7: Agriculture - Agricultural Revolution 8: Modernity
- modern era

Web-based education

Big History
Big History

Crash Course Big History


Notable people

Walter Alvarez Cynthia Stokes Brown Eric Chaisson David Christian Bill Gates Carl Sagan Graeme Snooks Jimmy Wales Bill Wurtz

v t e

Wealthiest people in the United States
United States
by state

AL Jimmy Rane

AK Leonard Hyde and Jonathan Rubini

AZ Bruce Halle

AR Jim Walton

CA Mark Zuckerberg

CO Charlie Ergen

CT Ray Dalio

DE Robert W. Gore
Robert W. Gore
and Elizabeth Snyder

FL Thomas Peterffy

GA Jim Kennedy

HI Pierre Omidyar

ID Frank L. VanderSloot

IL Kenneth C. Griffin

IN Carl Cook

IA Harry Stine

KS Charles Koch

KY B. Wayne Hughes

LA Tom Benson

ME Bill and Susan Alfond

MD Ted Lerner

MA Abigail Johnson

MI Dan Gilbert

MN Whitney MacMillan

MS Leslie Lampton

MO Stan Kroenke

MT Dennis Washington

NE Warren Buffett

NV Sheldon Adelson

NH Andrea Reimann-Ciardelli

NJ Donald Newhouse

NM Mack C. Chase

NY Michael Bloomberg

NC James Goodnight

ND Gary Tharaldson

OH Les Wexner

OK Harold Hamm

OR Phil Knight

PA Mary Alice Dorrance Malone

RI Jonathan M. Nelson

SC Anita Zucker

SD T. Denny Sanford

TN Thomas F. Frist Jr.

TX Alice Walton

UT Gail Miller

VT John Abele

VA Jacqueline Mars

WA Bill Gates

WV Jim Justice

WI John Menard Jr.

WY John Mars

v t e

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
award recipients (2010–19)


Satya Paul Agarwal Mohammad Amin Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay M. S. Banga Anil Bordia Bipan Chandra B. K. Chaturvedi Sant Singh Chatwal G. P. Chopra Tan Chung Madhusudan Dhaky P. R. Dubhashi Puttaraj Gawai Belle Monappa Hegde Ilaiyaraaja Jagdish Chandra Kapur Shrinivas Khale Aamir Khan Sultan Khan Ram Kumar Kumudini Lakhia Kuzhur Narayana Marar Chhannulal Mishra Eledath Thaikkattu Narayanan Mooss C. P. Krishnan Nair S. P. Oswal Akbar Padamsee Ramakanta Panda Balasaheb Vikhe Patil Arogyaswami Paulraj A. R. Rahman Moosa Raza Mallika Sarabhai Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana Abhijit Sen Satya Vrat Shastri Noshir M. Shroff Kushal Pal Singh Bikash Sinha Balagangadharanatha Swamiji Narayanan Vaghul P. K. Warrier Fareed Zakaria


S. P. Balasubrahmanyam Rajashree Birla M. N. Buch C. V. Chandrasekhar Ajai Chowdhry Yogesh Chander Deveshwar Satyadev Dubey T. J. S. George Shankha Ghosh Kris Gopalakrishnan Keki Byramjee Grant Shashi Kapoor Krishen Khanna Khayyam Chanda Kochhar Dwijen Mukhopadhyay Madavoor Vasudevan Nair Ramdas Pai Dashrath Patel Rajendra Singh Pawar Suryanarayanan Ramachandran Shobhana Ranade Gunupati Venkata Krishna Reddy Kallam Anji Reddy Waheeda Rehman Shyam Saran Analjit Singh Arpita Singh Surendra Singh R. K. Srikantan Raghavan Thirumulpad


Suresh H. Advani Shabana Azmi Homi K. Bhabha Shashikumar Chitre Khaled Choudhury Jatin Das Vidya Dehejia Dharmendra S. N. Goenka M. S. Gopalakrishnan T. V. Gopalakrishnan Buddhadev Das Gupta Sunil Janah Anish Kapoor S. B. Mujumdar B. Muthuraman Mira Nair Arvind Panagariya José Pereira Mata Prasad M. S. Raghunathan P. Chandrasekhara Rao Ronen Sen Devi Shetty M. V. Subbiah N. Vittal N. H. Wadia George Yeo


Satya N. Atluri Maharaj Kishan Bhan Jaspal Bhatti Rahul Dravid Adi Godrej Abdul Rashid Khan Rajesh Khanna Mary Kom Nandkishore Shamrao Laud Mangesh Padgaonkar Hemendra Singh Panwar Jogesh Pati Shivajirao Girdhar Patil A. Sivathanu Pillai D. Ramanaidu Kanak Rele V. K. Saraswat Ashoke Sen Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak B. N. Suresh Sharmila Tagore Ramamurthy Thyagarajan Saroja Vaidyanathan


Anisuzzaman Mrityunjay Athreya Padmanabhan Balaram Dalveer Bhandari Ruskin Bond Anita Desai Pullela Gopichand Kamal Haasan Jyeshtharaj Joshi V. N. Kaul Neelam Kler M. Mahadevappa Leander Paes K. Radhakrishnan Anumolu Ramakrishna Thirumalachari Ramasami Lloyd Rudolph Susanne Hoeber Rudolph Vinod Prakash Sharma Ghulam Mohammed Sheikh Parveen Sultana Dhirubhai Thaker Vairamuthu J. S. Verma T. H. Vinayakram


Jahnu Barua Manjul Bhargava Vijay P. Bhatkar Swapan Dasgupta David Frawley Bill Gates Melinda Gates Swami Satyamitranand N. Gopalaswami Subhash C. Kashyap Gokulotsavji Maharaj Saichiro Misumi Ambrish Mithal Sudha Ragunathan Harish Salve Ashok Seth Rajat Sharma Satpal Singh Shivakumara Swami Khadg Singh Valdiya


Ravindra Chandra Bhargava Robert Blackwill Hafeez Contractor Indu Jain Heisnam Kanhailal Anupam Kher Sania Mirza Pallonji Mistry Udit Narayan Saina Nehwal Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad Vinod Rai N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya A. V. Rama Rao D. Nageshwar Reddy Dayananda Saraswati Barjinder Singh Hamdard Ram V. Sutar Tejomayananda


Vishwa Mohan Bhatt Deviprasad Dwivedi Ratnasundarsuri Niranjanananda Saraswati Cho Ramaswamy Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Tehemton Erach Udwadia


Pankaj Advani Philipose Mar Chrysostom Mahendra Singh Dhoni Alexander Kadakin Ramachandran Nagaswamy Laxman Pai Arvind Parikh Sharda Sinha

# Posthumous conferral

1954–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–1999 2000–2009 2010–2019

v t e


History Outline



Bill Gates Paul Allen

Board of directors

John W. Thompson
John W. Thompson
(Chairman) Satya Nadella
Satya Nadella
(CEO) Dina Dublon Maria Klawe David Marquardt Charles Noski Helmut Panke Mason Morfit John W. Stanton

Senior leadership team

Satya Nadella
Satya Nadella
(CEO) Scott Guthrie Amy Hood (CFO) Terry Myerson Harry Shum Phil Spencer

Corporate VPs

Gabe Aul
Gabe Aul
(VP) Joe Belfiore Richard Rashid
Richard Rashid
(SVP) S. Somasegar
S. Somasegar


Engineering groups

Mobile Skype unit

Digital Crimes Unit Garage Press Research Studios .NET Foundation Outercurve Foundation


Redmond campus Microsoft
Talo Microsoft
Algeria Microsoft
Egypt Microsoft
India Microsoft

Product families

Operating systems



Office Servers Visual Studio


HoloLens Surface Xbox

Web properties

Azure Bing Channel 9 CodePlex Developer Network MSN Mixer Office.com OneDrive Outlook.com Store TechNet


Build Inspire MIX PDC TechEd WinHEC


Where do you want to go today?
Where do you want to go today?
(1994) Champagne (2002) Mojave Experiment (2006) I'm a PC
I'm a PC
(2008) Scroogled (2012)


Bundling of Microsoft
Windows Clippy iLoo Internet Explorer Microsoft
Bob _NSAKEY Windows

XP Vista 10


Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft Apple v. Microsoft European Union Microsoft
competition case Microsoft
v. Lindows Microsoft
vs. MikeRoweSoft Microsoft
v. Shah United States
United States
v. Microsoft
(2001 antitrust case) Microsoft
Ireland case


6Wunderkinder Altamira Software AltspaceVR aQuantive Azyxxi The Blue Ribbon SoundWorks Beam Bungie Calista Technologies Colloquis Connectix Consumers Software Danger Farecast FASA Studio Fast Search & Transfer Firefly Forethought GIANT Company Software GreenButton Groove Networks High Heat Major League Baseball Hotmail Jellyfish.com LinkedIn LinkExchange Lionhead Studios Maluuba Massive Incorporated Mobile Data Labs Mojang Nokia Devices and Services Onfolio Pando Networks Perceptive Pixel PlaceWare Powerset ProClarity Rare Revolution Analytics ScreenTonic Secure Islands Simplygon Skype Sunrise Atelier SwiftKey Winternals Software Teleo Telekinesys Research Tellme Networks Twisted Pixel Games Vermeer Technologies Visio Corporation Vivaty VoloMetrix VXtreme WebTV Networks Xamarin Yammer Yupi

Category Portal

v t e

Time Persons of the Year


Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh
(1927) Walter Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
(1928) Owen D. Young
Owen D. Young
(1929) Mohandas Gandhi (1930) Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval
(1931) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1932) Hugh S. Johnson
Hugh S. Johnson
(1933) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1934) Haile Selassie
Haile Selassie
(1935) Wallis Simpson
Wallis Simpson
(1936) Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
/ Soong Mei-ling
Soong Mei-ling
(1937) Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
(1938) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1939) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1940) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1941) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1942) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1943) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1944) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) James F. Byrnes
James F. Byrnes
(1946) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1947) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1948) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1949) The American Fighting-Man (1950)


Mohammed Mosaddeq (1951) Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(1952) Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer
(1953) John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles
(1954) Harlow Curtice
Harlow Curtice
(1955) Hungarian Freedom Fighters (1956) Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
(1957) Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
(1958) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1959) U.S. Scientists: George Beadle / Charles Draper / John Enders / Donald A. Glaser / Joshua Lederberg
Joshua Lederberg
/ Willard Libby
Willard Libby
/ Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
/ Edward Purcell / Isidor Rabi / Emilio Segrè
Emilio Segrè
/ William Shockley
William Shockley
/ Edward Teller / Charles Townes / James Van Allen
James Van Allen
/ Robert Woodward (1960) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(1961) Pope John XXIII
Pope John XXIII
(1962) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(1963) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1964) William Westmoreland
William Westmoreland
(1965) The Generation Twenty-Five and Under (1966) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1967) The Apollo 8
Apollo 8
Astronauts: William Anders
William Anders
/ Frank Borman
Frank Borman
/ Jim Lovell (1968) The Middle Americans (1969) Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
(1970) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1971) Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
/ Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1972) John Sirica
John Sirica
(1973) King Faisal (1974) American Women: Susan Brownmiller / Kathleen Byerly
Kathleen Byerly
/ Alison Cheek / Jill Conway / Betty Ford
Betty Ford
/ Ella Grasso / Carla Hills
Carla Hills
/ Barbara Jordan / Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Susie Sharp / Carol Sutton / Addie Wyatt (1975)


Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(1976) Anwar Sadat
Anwar Sadat
(1977) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1978) Ayatollah Khomeini (1979) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1980) Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
(1981) The Computer (1982) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
/ Yuri Andropov
Yuri Andropov
(1983) Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
(1984) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1985) Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
(1986) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1987) The Endangered Earth (1988) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1989) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1990) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1991) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(1992) The Peacemakers: Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
/ F. W. de Klerk
F. W. de Klerk
/ Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
/ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1993) Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
(1994) Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
(1995) David Ho
David Ho
(1996) Andrew Grove
Andrew Grove
(1997) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
/ Ken Starr
Ken Starr
(1998) Jeffrey P. Bezos (1999) George W. Bush
George W. Bush


Rudolph Giuliani
Rudolph Giuliani
(2001) The Whistleblowers: Cynthia Cooper / Coleen Rowley
Coleen Rowley
/ Sherron Watkins (2002) The American Soldier (2003) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2004) The Good Samaritans: Bono
/ Bill Gates
Bill Gates
/ Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
(2005) You (2006) Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
(2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2008) Ben Bernanke
Ben Bernanke
(2009) Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
(2010) The Protester (2011) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2012) Pope Francis
Pope Francis
(2013) Ebola Fighters: Dr. Jerry Brown / Dr. Kent Brantly
Kent Brantly
/ Ella Watson-Stryker / Foday Gollah / Salome Karwah
Salome Karwah
(2014) Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(2015) Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(2016) The Silence Breakers (2017)


v t e

The World's Billionaires
The World's Billionaires
– Top ten richest people in the world as of 10 March 2018

Jeff Bezos
Jeff Bezos
($112B, United States) Bill Gates
Bill Gates
($90B, United States) Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett
($84B, United States) Bernard Arnault
Bernard Arnault
($72B, France) Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
($71B, United States) Amancio Ortega
Amancio Ortega
($70B, Spain) Carlos Slim
Carlos Slim
($67.1B, Mexico) Charles Koch ($60B, United States) David Koch
David Koch
($60B, United States) Larry Ellison
Larry Ellison
($58.5B, United States)

v t e

Jefferson Award for Public Service

U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Outstanding Public Service By An Elected or Appointed Official

Henry A. Kissinger Elliot Richardson Peter W. Rodino, Jr. Arthur F. Burns, Alan Greenspan, William E. Simon Michael Mansfield Hubert H. Humphrey Kenneth A. Gibson, William Donald Schaefer, Coleman A. Young Cyrus R. Vance Warren Christopher Howard H. Baker Paul A. Volcker William H. Webster James A. Baker, III George P. Shultz William J. Brennan C. Everett Koop Paul Nitze Colin Powell Dick Cheney Thurgood Marshall Carla Hills George J. Mitchell, Bob Michel Harry Blackmun Sam Nunn Robert Dole Robert Rubin Daniel Patrick Moynihan John Glenn Madeleine Albright Rudolph Giuliani Condoleezza Rice Sandra Day O'Connor Lee H. Hamilton, Thomas H. Kean John Lewis Richard M. Daley Joe Lieberman Edward Kennedy Michael R. Bloomberg, Cory A. Booker Ruth Bader Ginsburg David H. Petraeus Tom Coburn, Patrick Leahy Gabrielle Giffords Sonia Sotomayor Arne Duncan Deval Patrick

S. Roger Horchow Award for Outstanding Public Service by A Private Citizen

John W. Gardner Ralph Nader Katharine Graham John D. Rockefeller, III Art Buchwald Paul Mellon Howard Jarvis Norman Borlaug Walter Cronkite Bob Hope Kirk Douglas J. Peter Grace Lee Iacocca H. Ross Perot Irving Brown James W. Rouse Leo Cherne Jimmy Carter Robert C. Macauley Faye Wattleton James Burke Jim Brady, Sarah Brady Walter H. Annenberg Brian Lamb Nancy Brinker Oprah Winfrey Elizabeth Dole Elayne Bennett Ted Benna Lilly Tartikoff Anne Douglas Ken Burns Vartan Gregorian Michael Feinberg, David Levin Jeffrey Sachs Edward Jagen Greg Mortenson, Pamela Hawley Paul Farmer Bill Shore Harry Connick, Jr., Branford Marsalis Elie Wiesel Andrew Shue, Charles Best Jeff Skoll, Ivan Hageman Sean Parker Peter Diamandis, Sheila Johnson

Outstanding Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged

Cesar Chavez Thomas Szasz Leon Sullivan Theodore Hesburgh Howard Rusk Jerry Lewis Jesse Jackson Allard Lowenstein Marva Collins Claude Pepper Helen Hayes Maude E. Callen Betty Ford Eugene Lang Ginetta Sagan Bruce Ritter Kimi Gray Jaime Escalante Marian Wright Edelman Eunice Shriver Arthur Ashe Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward Barbara Bush Rosalynn Carter Oseola McCarty Thaddeus S. Lott, Sr. Millard Fuller Benjamin Carson Dorothy Height Bill Gates, Melinda Gates Mathilde Krim Fred L. Shuttlesworth Dave Pelzer I. King Jordan Geoffrey Canada Darell Hammond William E. Milliken Jim Gibbons Jerry M. Reinsdorf Richard Proudfit Dolores Huerta Pedro José Greer Adam Braun Kyle Zimmer

Samuel S. Beard Award for Outstanding Public Service by An Individual 35 Years or Under

Joseph A. Yablonski Maynard Jackson Emmett Tyrrell Vilma S. Martinez Max Cleland Bernard Powell Denis Hayes 1980 US Olympic Hockey Team David Stockman Henry Cisneros Jan Scruggs Sally Ride Trevor Ferrell Robert Hayes Steve Jobs Marlee Matlin Marc Buoniconti Anne Donahue Wendy Kopp Michael Brown, Alan Khazei Mary Taylor Wayne Meisel Stacey Bess Andrea Jaeger Michael Danziger Bobby Jindal Anthony Shriver Faith Hill Lance Armstrong Chad Pregracke Matthew Meyer Kirsten Lodal, Brian Kreiter Benjamin Shuldiner Peyton Manning Lindsay Hyde Ocean Robbins Jennifer Staple Tad Skylar Agoglia Brittany Bergquist, Robbie Bergquist Amber Lynn Coffman Dr. Neilesh Patel Jack Andraka Lauren Bush Lauren The Young American Soldier Patrisse Cullors, Alicia Garza, Opal Tometi

Outstanding Public Service in Professional Sports

Nnamdi Asomugha, Tyrus Thomas, Curtis Granderson, Stuart Holden, Dwight Howard, Dirk Nowitzki, Justin Tuck, Lauryn Williams, Venus Williams, Ryan Zimmerman Drew Brees, Tamika Catchings, Stephen Curry, Warrick Dunn, Brad Davis, Ernie Els, Ryan Hall, Paul Pierce, CC Sabathia, Brian Westbrook Jeremy Affeldt, Dereck Faulkner, Julie Foudy, Jeff Karstens, Jim Kelly, Charlie Kimball, Pat LaFontaine, Hannibal Naives, Jeff Saturday, Troy Vincent, Marty Lyons Mark Ein Mariano Rivera, James Thrash Fred Jackson Eric Decker Joe Torre

Lifetime Achievement in Public Service

Ray Chambers Marlo Thomas Craig Hatkoff, Jane Rosenthal, Robert De Niro The Robin Hood Foundation Tom Brokaw Billie Jean King Harry Belafonte

Outstanding National or Global Service by a Young American 25 Years or Under

Ellie Duke, Katherine Foronda, Ted Gonder, Dallas Jessup, Emma Lindle, Tristan Love, Jessie Mintz, Zoe Ridolfi-Starr, Joe Togani, Kelly Voigt Sicomac Elementary School Student Council, Sashin Choksh, Morgan Harley, Greg Nance, Nick Hebert, Patrick Ip, Talia Lemon, Sarah Nuss, Mordecai Scott, Jessica Singer, Tyrone Stevenson, Vanessa Strickland Lillian Pravda, Maria Keller Corinne Hindes, Katrine Krisebom, Kid President Sophia Sánchez-Maes Laurie Hernandez

Outstanding Public Service by a Corporation

Prudential, Starkey Laboratories Pfizer General Electric Weyerhaeuser Target Corporation Salesforce Warby Parker

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Identities VIAF: 102370574 LCCN: n91008414 ISNI: 0000 0001 0929 6053 GND: 119081199 SELIBR: 225416 SUDOC: 032108222 BNF: cb12057155q (data) ULAN: 500356023 MusicBrainz: ef958680-aa07-48d2-8c81-4b9335a86bb9 NLA: 35309122 NDL: 00513394 NKC: jn20000601714 BNE: XX926317 CiNii: DA1331794X SNAC: w64q88mq