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The Bighorn River
Bighorn River
is a tributary of the Yellowstone, approximately 461 miles (742 km) long, in the states of Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
in the western United States. The river was named in 1805 by fur trader François Larocque for the bighorn sheep he saw along its banks as he explored the Yellowstone.[3] The upper reaches of the Bighorn, south of the Owl Creek Mountains
Owl Creek Mountains
in Wyoming, are known as the Wind River. The two rivers are sometimes referred to as the Wind/Bighorn. The Wind River officially becomes the Bighorn River
Bighorn River
at the Wedding of the Waters, on the north side of the Wind River Canyon
Canyon
near the town of Thermopolis. From there, the river flows through the Bighorn Basin
Bighorn Basin
in north central Wyoming, passing through Thermopolis and Hot Springs State Park. At the border with Montana, the river turns northeast, and flows past the north end of the Bighorn Mountains, through the Crow Indian Reservation, where the Yellowtail Dam
Yellowtail Dam
forms the Bighorn Lake reservoir. The reservoir and the surrounding canyon are part of the Bighorn Canyon
Canyon
National Recreation Area. The Little Bighorn River
Little Bighorn River
joins the Bighorn near the town of Hardin, Montana. Approximately fifty miles farther downriver, the Bighorn River ends where it joins the Yellowstone.

Contents

1 Course 2 Variant names 3 See also 4 Further reading 5 Notes 6 External links

Course[edit]

The river carves a canyon through Bighorn Canyon
Canyon
National Recreation Area

The Bighorn River
Bighorn River
begins as the Wind River in the Rocky Mountains at Wind River Lake, near Two Ocean Mountain and the summit of Togwotee Pass. The Wind River flows southeast receiving the east fork of the Wind River from the north, and enters the Wind River Basin, flowing past Dubois and Johnstown, to Riverton, where it receives the Little Wind River. The river then changes direction to the northeast and then the north, flowing into Boysen Reservoir, which is formed by Boysen Dam. Below the dam it enters the Wind River Canyon, where the river narrows and forms many rapids. At the end of the canyon the Wind River widens out in an area called the Wedding of the Waters where it becomes the Bighorn River
Bighorn River
and enters the Bighorn Basin. The Bighorn continues northward, passing through Thermopolis, Worland, and Basin. At Greybull it receives the Greybull River, and about 30 mi (48 km) north of that confluence it enters Bighorn Lake, where it is joined by the Shoshone River. North of the confluence with the Shoshone, the reservoir narrows as the river enters the Bighorn Canyon, where it crosses into Montana. At the end of the canyon, the river passes through Yellowtail Dam
Yellowtail Dam
and Afterbay Dam. The river turns to the northeast and enters the Great Plains. At Hardin the river is joined by the Little Bighorn River. Approximately 50 mi (80 km) downriver from the Little Bighorn, in Big Horn County, the Bighorn empties into the Yellowstone. Variant names[edit]

Bighorn River
Bighorn River
in Montana

The Bighorn River
Bighorn River
has also been known as the Great Horn River, Le Corne[2] and Iisaxpúatahcheeaashisee in the Apsáalooke language which translates to English as Large Bighorn Sheep River.[4] See also[edit]

List of rivers of Montana List of rivers of Wyoming Montana
Montana
Stream Access Law

Further reading[edit]

Sullivan, Gordon (2008). Saving Homewaters: The Story of Montana's Streams and Rivers. Woodstock, VT: The Countryman Press. ISBN 978-0-88150-679-2. 

Notes[edit]

^ "Wind River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1979-06-05. Retrieved 2011-04-05.  ^ a b "Bighorn River, MT". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.  ^ Aarstad, Rich; Arguimbau, Ellie; Baumler, Ellen; Porsild, Charlene; Shovers, Brian (2009). Montana
Montana
Place Names. Helena, Montana: Montana Historical Society Press. p. 22. ISBN 0-9759196-1-X.  ^ "Apsáalooke Place Names Database". Library @ Little Big Horn College. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2013-04-27. 

External links[edit]

State of Wyoming: Bighorn River
Bighorn River
Basin U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Wind/ Bighorn River
Bighorn River
Drainage (archive) Wyoming
Wyoming
Game and Fish map showing the Wind River becoming the Bighorn (archive)

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