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The Big Red Machine were the baseball teams of the Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Reds that dominated the National League
National League
from 1970 to 1979. The team is widely recognized as being among the best teams in baseball history.[1][2] Over that span, the team won six National League
National League
West Division titles, four National League
National League
pennants, and two World Series titles.[3] The team's combined record from 1970-1979 was 953 wins and 657 losses, an average of more than 95 wins per season. Additionally, the core of that Reds team actually had the best record in the Major Leagues in 1981, but did not make the postseason that year because of Bowie Kuhn's split-season playoff format due to the player's strike.

Contents

1 Origins 2 The "Great Eight" 3 Later Years 4 Rivalries 5 Further reading 6 References

Origins[edit] The nickname was introduced in a July 4, 1969 article by Bob Hertzel in The Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Enquirer,[4] but gained prominence in reference to the 1970 team,[5][6][7][8] which posted a regular season record of 102-60 and won the National League
National League
pennant.[9] Rookie and future-Hall of Fame manager Sparky Anderson
Sparky Anderson
headed the team,[10] which at its peak featured Pete Rose, Johnny Bench, Joe Morgan
Joe Morgan
and Tony Pérez, and was supported by Dave Concepción, George Foster, César Gerónimo and Ken Griffey, Sr.[11] The Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
of the 1970s garnered more World Series appearances than any other team during that decade, with an overall record of 953 wins and 657 losses.[12] They are the only National League
National League
team during the last 75 years to win back-to-back World Championships. Before them, the 1921 and 1922 New York Giants were the last NL team to accomplish this feat.[12] The "Great Eight"[edit] The eight players most frequently referenced as members of the Big Red Machine include baseball's all-time hit leader in Rose;[13] three Hall of Fame players in Bench, Pérez and Morgan; six National League
National League
MVP selections; four National League
National League
home run leading seasons; three NL Batting Champions; 25 Gold Glove winning seasons, and 63 collective All-Star Game appearances.[14] The starting lineup of Bench, Rose, Morgan, Pérez, Concepción, Foster, Griffey, and Gerónimo (collectively referred to as the "Great Eight") played 88 games together during the 1975 and 1976 seasons, losing only 19.[15]

Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
season results, 1970–1976

Season Record Divisional finish Playoffs

1970 102–60 1st (West) Won NLCS vs. Pittsburgh Pirates, 3–0 Lost World Series
World Series
to Baltimore Orioles, 4–1

1971 79–83 4th (West)

1972 95–59 1st (West) Won NLCS vs. Pittsburgh Pirates, 3–2 Lost World Series
World Series
to Oakland Athletics, 4–3

1973 99–63 1st (West) Lost NLCS vs. New York Mets, 3–2

1974 98–64 2nd (West)

1975 108–54 1st (West) Won NLCS vs. Pittsburgh Pirates, 3–0 Won World Series
World Series
vs. Boston Red Sox, 4–3

1976 102–60 1st (West) Won NLCS vs. Philadelphia Phillies, 3–0 Won World Series
World Series
vs. New York Yankees, 4–0

Later Years[edit] Dan Driessen took over at first base for Tony Perez in 1977.[16] Although some of the original players departed the team, some extended the Big Red Machine nickname for two more years until the departures of Anderson and Rose following the 1978 season.[4] The Reds turned around to finish in second place in 1977[17] and 1978.[18] Ray Knight replaced Pete Rose
Pete Rose
at third base for Cincinnati
Cincinnati
in 1979 and the rest of the Reds starting lineup still included six of the great eight: Bench, Morgan, Foster, Concepcion, Griffey and Geronimo. The Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
won another division title in 1979,[16] but lost to the Pittsburgh Pirates
Pittsburgh Pirates
in the NLCS. The Big Red Machine had one last great run in 1981 when they finished the strike season with the best record in baseball. Only three of the great eight remained in the starting lineup: Foster, Griffey and Concepcion. Bench had an injury plagued season and was moved from catcher to third base. Tom Seaver had a win-loss record of 14-2 and an ERA of 2.54 while starting only 23 games in the Reds' strike-shortened 108-game regular season.[19] Despite that, the Reds finished second in the National League
National League
West in both halves of the season, making them ineligible to compete in the postseason despite having the best overall record in baseball. Rivalries[edit] The Big Red Machine's archrival were the Los Angeles Dodgers. The two teams often competed for the NL West division title and finished either first or second in every year from 1970 through 1979 with the one exception being 1971. Reds manager Sparky Anderson
Sparky Anderson
once said, "I don't think there's a rivalry like ours in either league. The Giants are supposed to be the Dodgers' natural rivals, but I don't think the feeling is there anymore. It's not there the way it is with us and the Dodgers." The rivalry ended when division realignment moved the Reds to the NL Central. However, they did face one another in the 1995 NLDS. The Big Red Machine was also part of the rivalry with the two Pennsylvania teams. All of the Reds' four pennants in the 1970s came against these teams ( Pittsburgh Pirates
Pittsburgh Pirates
in 1970, 1972, and 1975, and Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
in 1976). In 1979, Pete Rose
Pete Rose
added to the notion of the Big Red Machine being part of the rivalry when he signed with the Phillies and helped them win their first World Series
World Series
championship in 1980. Further reading[edit]

Bob Hertzel (1976). The Big Red Machine. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0130761907.  Ritter Collett (1977). Men of the (Reds) Machine: An Inside Look at Baseball's Team of the '70's. Landfall Press. ISBN 0913428280.  Gregory L. Rhodes, John G. Erardi (1998). Big Red Dynasty: How Bob Howsam and Sparky Anderson
Sparky Anderson
Built the Big Red Machine. Road West. ISBN 0964140233.  Daryl Raymond Smith (2009). Making The Big Red Machine: Bob Howsam and the Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
of the 1970s. McFarland. ISBN 0786439807.  Joe Posnanski (2009). The Machine. HarperCollins. ISBN 0061901695.  Doug Feldmann (2009). The 1976 Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Reds: Last Hurrah for the Big Red Machine. McFarland. ISBN 0786452722. 

References[edit]

^ Peterson, Bill (1995-04-23). " Big Red Machine Rates Among Best Ever; Balance of Offense, Defense made '75 Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Team So Great". Rocky Mountain News. Scripps Howard news Service.  ^ Shannon, Mike (2003). Riverfront Stadium: Home of the Big Red Machine. Arcadia Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 0-7385-2324-0. Retrieved 2009-05-13.  ^ " Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC.  ^ a b Riess, Steven A. (2006). Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball Clubs. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 127. ISBN 0-313-32991-5. Retrieved 2009-05-13.  ^ "Big Red Machine". Time. 1970-08-24.  ^ Furlong, William Barry (1970-08-30). "Johnny Bench: Supercatcher For the Big Red Machine". The New York Times Magazine. p. 169.  ^ Daley, Arthur (1971-03-19). "Sparky and His Big Red Machine". The New York Times. p. 45.  ^ Minot Jr., George (1972-06-11). "Bench Leads Reconditioning of the Big Red Machine". The Washington Post. p. D2. That tiresome nickname of the summer of 70 is catching on again.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. "1970 Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2009-02-01.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Baseball
Baseball
Hall of Fame Inductees". Sports Reference LLC.  ^ Drooz, Alan (1996-10-14). "Cincinnati's Big Red Machine Cemented Its Place in History With 1976 Title". Los Angeles Times. p. 12.  ^ a b Baseball
Baseball
Almanac. "World Series: A Comprehensive History of the World Series".  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Pete Rose
Pete Rose
Statistics and History". Sports Reference LLC.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. " Baseball
Baseball
Statistics and History". Sports Reference LLC.  ^ Erardi, John; Rhodes, Greg (1997). Big Red Dynasty. Road-West Publishing.  ^ a b 1979 Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics - Baseball-Reference.com ^ Baseball-Reference.com. "1977 Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Sports Reference LLC.  ^ Baseball-Reference.com. "1978 Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Sports Reference LLC.  ^ 1981 Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics - Baseball-Reference.com

v t e

Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Reds

Formerly the Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Red Stockings and the Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Redlegs Based in Cincinnati, Ohio

Franchise

History Seasons Records No-hitters Awards Players Managers Owners and executives Opening Day starting pitchers Hall of Fame Logos and uniforms First-round draft picks

Ballparks

Bank Street Grounds League Park League Park II Palace of the Fans Crosley Field Riverfront Stadium Great American Ball Park

Spring training Majestic Park Riverside Park Tinker Field Sixto Escobar Stadium Plant Field Al Lopez Field Plant City Stadium Ed Smith Stadium Goodyear Ballpark

Culture

Cincinnati
Cincinnati
Red Stockings Rosie Reds Mr. Red The Big Red Machine The Nasty Boys Dowd Report

Lore

1999 NL Wild Card tie-breaker game 2013 NL Wild Card Game Tom Browning's perfect game

Rivalries

Cleveland Indians

Key personnel

Owner: Robert Castellini President of Baseball
Baseball
Operations: Walt Jocketty General Manager: Dick Williams Manager: Bryan Price

World Series
World Series
Championships (5)

1919 1940 1975 1976 1990

National League
National League
pennants (9)

1919 1939 1940 1961 1970 1972 1975 1976 1990

AA pennants (1)

1882

Division titles (10)

National League
National League
Central 1995 2010 2012 National League
National League
West 1970 1972 1973 1975 1976 1979 1990

Minor league affiliates

Louisville Bats
Louisville Bats
(AAA) Pensacola Blue Wahoos
Pensacola Blue Wahoos
(AA) Daytona Tortugas
Daytona Tortugas
(A Adv.) Dayton Dragons
Dayton Dragons
(A) Billings Mustangs
Billings Mustangs
(Rookie Adv.) Greeneville Reds
Greeneville Reds
(Rookie Adv.) AZL Reds (Rookie) DSL Reds (Rookie) DSL Rojos (Rookie)

Media

Broadcasters Radio: WLW Reds Radio Network TV: Fox Sports Ohio

Seasons (137)

1880s

1880 · 1881 · 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889

1890s

1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899

1900s

1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909

1910s

1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919

1920s

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1930s

1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939

1940s

1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949

1950s

1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

1960s

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

1970s

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

1980s

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

1990s

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

2000s

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010s

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 20

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