Bhatkal, also known as 'Batecala' in some historical Portuguese texts,
is a port town in the
Uttara Kannada District of the South Indian
state of Karnataka. The town of
Bhatkal lies on National Highway 66,
which runs between
Mumbai and Kochi, and has one of the major railway
stations along the
Konkan Railway line, which runs between
7 External links
8 See also
In its early days,
Bhatkal belonged to followers of the Jain and Hindu
religions and later acquired more religions and cultures.
its name from the Jain Grammarian Bhattakalanka, who hailed from
Haduvalli village. It is a town located on the shores of the Arabian
Sharavathi river few miles to its north. Bhatkal's location,
although very strategic, was the main factor behind the erratic
history of the countryside in the area.
Bhatkal witnessed the rise and
fall of several dynasties and rulers. It was a part of the Hoysala
Empire from 1291 to 1343 before falling into the hands of the
Vijayanagara Empire. After the disintegration of the latter, the
much-coveted town of
Bhatkal was brought under the control of the
Saluva (Jain) rulers based in Hadwalli (a town on the state highway
towards Jog Falls). Numerous temples and basadis were constructed
during the Saluvas' reign. Vestiges of this period can be found in
Mudbhatkal, where a few temples still stand as an old witness of that
Chola emperors under Aditya I, his son
Parantaka I and successor
Sundara Chola, also known as Parantaka
Chola II, initially invaded and
conquered territories in
Kannada country between Gangavadi on the
Mysore plateau and
Bhatkal on the Sahyadri coast between 880 and 975
AD. As a sign of their victory in
Kannada country, they built the
Solesvara Temple in commemoration of their conquest. Inscriptions
there from successive kings, from Parantaka
Chola I to Kulothunga
Chola III, refer to their generals as 'Lords of the Konkana', and
include inscriptions paying obeisance to Lord Solesvarar of Konkana.
The Portuguese also made their presence felt in
Bhatkal at the
beginning of the 16th century.
Krishnadevaraya allowed them to build a
fort there in 1510. From the Keladi rulers,
Bhatkal was passed on
Hyder Ali and
Tipu Sultan and later to the British Empire in 1799
after the death of Tipu Sultan.
Bhatkal is located at 13°58′N 74°34′E / 13.97°N
74.57°E / 13.97; 74.57. It has an average elevation of
3 metres (10 ft) above sea level.
Bhatkal is connected by road and rail. The National Highway 66 (India)
passes through this town and has a major impact on the development. It
is well connected by rail as well, the
Konkan Railway runs many trains
running day and night. The railway station has two platforms paving
way for smooth running of trains.
Distribution of religions
†Includes Sikhism (0.00%), Buddhism (0.01%).
As of 2011
Bhatkal Taluk had a population of
approximately 1,61,576. Males constitute 49.98% of the population and
females constitute 50.02%.
Bhatkal has an average literacy rate of
74.04%, with male literacy of 78.72% and female literacy of 69.36%.
11.17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Scheduled Castes
constitute 8.87% and Scheduled Tribes constitute 5.67% of the total
The local economy depends mostly on tourism and fishing.
has imported goods markets, including the Dubai Market and the Mirchi
Bhatkal is represented in the Member of the Legislative Assembly
(India). Mankal Vaidya, who was elected as the MLA from Bhatkal
Constituency from independent candidates, was born in Bhatkal
Bhatkal Town Municipal Council
Anjuman Institute of Technology and Management
^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus
Books. p. 109. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhatkal
Bhatkal Religion Data 2011".
Census 2011. Retrieved 26 March
India - Population Enumeration Data (Final Population)".
India 2011. The Registrar General &
India, New Delhi-110011.
^ "Bhatkal Assembly Constituency Page". partyanalyst.com.
Archived from the original on 2014-07-22.