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Bhatkal, also known as 'Batecala' in some historical Portuguese texts, is a port town in the Uttara Kannada
Uttara Kannada
District of the South Indian state of Karnataka. The town of Bhatkal
Bhatkal
lies on National Highway 66, which runs between Mumbai
Mumbai
and Kochi, and has one of the major railway stations along the Konkan Railway
Konkan Railway
line, which runs between Mumbai
Mumbai
and Mangaluru.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Connectivity 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Politics 7 External links 8 See also 9 References

History[edit] In its early days, Bhatkal
Bhatkal
belonged to followers of the Jain and Hindu religions and later acquired more religions and cultures. Bhatkal
Bhatkal
gets its name from the Jain Grammarian Bhattakalanka, who hailed from Haduvalli village. It is a town located on the shores of the Arabian Sea, with Sharavathi
Sharavathi
river few miles to its north. Bhatkal's location, although very strategic, was the main factor behind the erratic history of the countryside in the area. Bhatkal
Bhatkal
witnessed the rise and fall of several dynasties and rulers. It was a part of the Hoysala Empire from 1291 to 1343 before falling into the hands of the Vijayanagara Empire. After the disintegration of the latter, the much-coveted town of Bhatkal
Bhatkal
was brought under the control of the Saluva (Jain) rulers based in Hadwalli (a town on the state highway towards Jog Falls). Numerous temples and basadis were constructed during the Saluvas' reign. Vestiges of this period can be found in Mudbhatkal, where a few temples still stand as an old witness of that era. Chola
Chola
emperors under Aditya I, his son Parantaka I
Parantaka I
and successor Sundara Chola, also known as Parantaka Chola
Chola
II, initially invaded and conquered territories in Kannada
Kannada
country between Gangavadi on the Mysore
Mysore
plateau and Bhatkal
Bhatkal
on the Sahyadri coast between 880 and 975 AD. As a sign of their victory in Kannada
Kannada
country, they built the Solesvara
Solesvara
Temple in commemoration of their conquest. Inscriptions there from successive kings, from Parantaka Chola
Chola
I to Kulothunga Chola
Chola
III, refer to their generals as 'Lords of the Konkana', and include inscriptions paying obeisance to Lord Solesvarar of Konkana. The Portuguese also made their presence felt in Bhatkal
Bhatkal
at the beginning of the 16th century. Krishnadevaraya
Krishnadevaraya
allowed them to build a fort there in 1510.[1] From the Keladi rulers, Bhatkal
Bhatkal
was passed on to Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
and Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan
and later to the British Empire in 1799 after the death of Tipu Sultan. Geography[edit] Bhatkal
Bhatkal
is located at 13°58′N 74°34′E / 13.97°N 74.57°E / 13.97; 74.57.[2] It has an average elevation of 3 metres (10 ft) above sea level. Connectivity[edit] Bhatkal
Bhatkal
is connected by road and rail. The National Highway 66 (India) passes through this town and has a major impact on the development. It is well connected by rail as well, the Konkan Railway
Konkan Railway
runs many trains running day and night. The railway station has two platforms paving way for smooth running of trains. Demographics[edit]

Religion in Bhatkal
Bhatkal
(2011)[3]

Percent

Islam

95.04%

Hinduism

4.0%

Christianity

0.01%

Jainism

0.02%

Others†

0.03%

Distribution of religions †Includes Sikhism (0.00%), Buddhism (0.01%).

As of 2011 India
India
census, Bhatkal
Bhatkal
Taluk had a population of approximately 1,61,576. Males constitute 49.98% of the population and females constitute 50.02%. Bhatkal
Bhatkal
has an average literacy rate of 74.04%, with male literacy of 78.72% and female literacy of 69.36%. 11.17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Scheduled Castes constitute 8.87% and Scheduled Tribes constitute 5.67% of the total population. [4] Economy[edit] The local economy depends mostly on tourism and fishing. Bhatkal
Bhatkal
also has imported goods markets, including the Dubai Market and the Mirchi Gully.[citation needed] Politics[edit] Bhatkal
Bhatkal
is represented in the Member of the Legislative Assembly (India). Mankal Vaidya, who was elected as the MLA from Bhatkal Constituency from independent candidates, was born in Bhatkal Taluk.[5] External links[edit]

Bhatkal
Bhatkal
Town Municipal Council

See also[edit]

Anjuman Institute of Technology and Management

References[edit]

^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 109. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.  ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhatkal ^ " Bhatkal
Bhatkal
Religion Data 2011". Census
Census
2011. Retrieved 26 March 2017.  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
- Population Enumeration Data (Final Population)". Census
Census
of India
India
2011. The Registrar General & Census
Census
Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011.  ^ "Bhatkal  Assembly Constituency Page". partyanalyst.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-22. 

v t e

Uttara Kannada

Taluks

Ankola Bhatkal Haliyal Honnavara Joida Karwar Kumta Mundgod Siddapura Sirsi Yellapura

Tourist places

Gokarna Yana Banavasi Idagunji Murudeshwara Dandeli Netrani Island Sonda Jog Falls Magod Falls Sathodi Falls Unchalli Falls

See also

Project Seabird Supa Dam Kali River Sharavathi
Sharavathi
River Western Ghats Kannada Konka

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