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The Bhāgīrathī (Pron:/ˌbʌgɪˈɹɑːθɪ/) is a turbulent Himalayan river in the Indian states of Uttarakhand, and one of the two headstreams of the Ganges, the major river of Northern India
India
and the holy river of Hinduism. In Hindu
Hindu
faith and culture, the Bhagirathi is considered the source stream of the Ganges. However, in hydrology, the other headstream, Alaknanda, is considered the source stream on account of its great length and discharge.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Course 3 Dams 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The word "Bhagirathi" (Sanskrit, literally, "caused by Bhagiratha") refers to a mythological Sagar Dynasty prince who, to gain the release of his 60,000 great-uncles from the curse of saint Kapila, brought the goddess Ganga in the form of the river Ganges, from the heavens to the earth. Hence, Ganges
Ganges
considered as the daughter of Bhagiratha
Bhagiratha
and Ganges
Ganges
also called Baghirathi. [2] Bhagiratha
Bhagiratha
was the king of Kosala, a kingdom in ancient India. He was a descendant of the great King Sagara of the Suryavanshi, or Surya Dynasty. He was one of the forefathers of Lord Rama, of the Ramayana, the epic in which Bhagiratha's tale is primarily recounted.The story of Bhagiratha explained in Balakhanda of Ramayana.Shiva brought Ganga river to Bindu Sarovar on request of Bhagiratha.[3][4][5] Course[edit] The headwaters of the Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
are formed at Gaumukh
Gaumukh
(elevation 3,892 metres (12,769 ft)), at the foot of the Gangotri
Gangotri
glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya. It is then joined by its tributaries; these are, in order from the source:

Kedar Ganga at Gangotri
Gangotri
(elevation 3,049 m (10,003 ft)), Jadh Ganga at Bhaironghati
Bhaironghati
(elevation 2,650 m (8,690 ft)), Kakora Gad and Jalandhari Gad near Harsil
Harsil
(elevation 2,745 m (9,006 ft)), Siyan Gad near Jhala (elevation 2,575 m (8,448 ft)), Asi Ganganear Uttarkashi
Uttarkashi
(elevation 1,158 m (3,799 ft)), Bhilangna River near Old Tehri
Tehri
(elevation 755 m (2,477 ft)).

The Bhilangna itself rises at the foot of the Khatling Glacier (elevation 3,717 m (12,195 ft)) approximately 50 km (31 mi) south of Gaumukh. The river flows from its source for 205 km (127 mi) before meeting the Alaknanda River
Alaknanda River
at an elevation of 475 m (1,558 ft) in the town of Devprayag. Downstream of this confluence, considered holy by Hindus, the river is known as the Ganga Ji, or Ganges River
Ganges River
by westerners. The controversial Tehri
Tehri
dam lies at the confluence of the Bhāgirathi and the Bhilangna, at 30°22′32″N 78°28′48″E / 30.37556°N 78.48000°E / 30.37556; 78.48000, near Tehri. Chaukhamba
Chaukhamba
I is the highest point of the Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
basin.

The turbulent Bhāgīrathī as it enters Devprayag.

The Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
(foreground) on its way to meet the sediment-laden Alaknanda.

Another view of the confluence of the Bhāgirathi (right) and the sediment-rich Alaknanda
Alaknanda
(left) at Devprayag. Alaknanda
Alaknanda
river, shown entering on the left, at Devprayag, and to flow on as the Ganges

Tehri
Tehri
Dam, the 5th tallest dam in the world

Dams[edit] There are 18 dams along the Bhāgirathi River, either in operation, under construction or planned. These are, in order from the source:

Hydroelectric Dams on the Bhāgirathi River[6] Abbreviations: MW: electrical output capacity(Megawatts), Ht: dam height(M) FRL: full reservoir level (MSL), MWL:maximum water level(MSL), HRT: head race tunnel length(KM), TRT: tail race tunnel length(KM), TWL: tail water level(MSL), RBL: river bed level at dam site(MSL)

# Name Ht MW Status FRL MWL HRT TRT TWL RBL Coordinates

1 Karmoli Dam

140 planned

8.6

2 Gangotri
Gangotri
Dam

55 planned

5.2

3 Jadhganga Dam

50 planned

1.1

4 Bhaironghati
Bhaironghati
I Dam

380 planned

5 Bhaironghati
Bhaironghati
II Dam

65 planned

6 Harsil
Harsil
Dam

210 planned

5.06

7 Loharinag Pala Dam

600 cancelled 2,147 1,667 13.85 .51 1.665

30°58′6″N 78°41′56″E / 30.96833°N 78.69889°E / 30.96833; 78.69889

8 Pala Maneri I Dam 78 480 cancelled 1,665 1,667 12.563 1.378

9 Maneri Dam 38 90 operation

8.631

10 Joshiyara (Bhali) Dam

304 operation

16.0

11 Bhilangana II Dam

11 planned

12 Bhilangana I Dam

22.5 planned

2.0

13 Tehri
Tehri
Dam 260.5 2,400 operation 830 835 1.634 .8625

30°22′40″N 78°28′50″E / 30.37778°N 78.48056°E / 30.37778; 78.48056

14 Koteshwar Dam 97.5 400 operation 612.50 615

15 Kotli Bel 1A Dam 82.5 195 construction

16 Kotli Bel 1B Dam 90 320 cancelled

17 Kotli Bel II Dam 82 530 cancelled

Notes[edit]

^ Catchment Area Treatment:, Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
River Valley Development Authority, Uttaranchal ^ Mankodi, Kirit (1973) "Gaṅgā Tripathagā"Artibus Asiae 35(1/2): pp. 139-144, p. 140 ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India
India
through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 76.  ^ "Gangaa/Ganga of Purana Index".  ^ "The Story of Ganga : River Goddess".  ^ "Map of the Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
River showing dams" (PDF). Dams, Rivers & People. South Asian Network on Dams Rivers & People(sandrp.in). August 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 

References[edit]

Wilson,, W. (1860). A summer ramble in the Himalayas: with sporting adventures in the Vale of Cashmere. London: Hurst and Blackett. OCLC 58410561.  available on microfilm Heske, Franz (1937). Im heiligen Lande der Gangesquellen (In the Holy Lands of the Source of the Ganges) (in German). Neudamm, Germany: J. Neumann. OCLC 35036471.  Sharma, Man Mohan (1997). Through the Valley of Gods: Travels in the Central Himalayas (2 ed.). New Delhi: Vision Books. OCLC 4547622. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
River.

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
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Rivers

Alaknanda Bhagirathi Bhilangna Darma Dhauliganga Ganges Gaula Gomati Gori Ganga Gori Gorigar Kali Lakshman Ganga Mandakini Pindar Pushpawati Ramganga Sarju Sarda Tons Yamuna

Lakes

Bhimtal Deoria Tal Dodital Kedartal Lakes of Kumaon hills Nainital Naukuchiatal Pannatal Roopkund Satopanth Tal Sattal Hemkund

Dams/ Barrages

Asan Barrage Bhali Dam Bhimgoda Barrage Dakpathar Barrage Ichari Dam Koteshwar Dam Lakhwar Dam Maneri Dam Pashulok Barrage Ramganga
Ramganga
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Tehri
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Gangotri Kafni Kalabaland Meola Milam Namik Panchchuli Pindari Ralam Satopanth Sona

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Beas Betwa Bhagirathi Brahmaputra Chambal Chenab Damodar Godavari Gandaki Ganges Ghaghara Indus Jhelum Kali Kaveri Kosi Krishna Luni Mahanadi Mahaweli Meghna Narmada Padma Ravi Sarasvati Sankosh Sharda Son Sutlej Tapti Yamuna

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Ganges
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Basin Ganges
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Delta Indus Delta Dal Lake Pookode Lake Skeleton Lake Chilika Lake Lake Powai Borith Lake Saiful Muluk Gosaikunda Nizam Sagar Red Hills Lake Malampuzha Kerala backwaters Pulicat Lake

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