Belur, (IPA: [beːluːru]; is a
Town Municipal Council
Town Municipal Council and taluka
Hassan district in the state of Karnataka, India. The town is
renowned for its Chennakeshava Temple, one of the finest examples of
2 Location and transportation
3 Agriculture and commerce
4.1 Nearby sites
6 External links
Belur was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire. Belur along with
Halebidu about 16 km away are one of the major tourist
destinations in Karnataka. Belur is located in Hassan district.
According to inscriptions discovered here, it was also referred to as
Velur or Velapuri. It was the early capital of the Hoysala kings in
11th-century and remained a second capital through the 14th-century.
The city was so esteemed by the Hoysalas that it is referred to as
"earthly Vaikuntha" (Vishnu's abode) and "dakshina Varanasi" (southern
holy city of Hindus) in later inscriptions..So many workers worked
for building Belur.It took 190 years to complete.
Location and transportation
Belur is in
Hassan district of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is
about 35 kilometres (22 mi) northwest of Hassan. The town is
about 200 kilometres (124 mi) west of
Bengaluru (IATA Code: BLR),
about 3.5 hours drive accessible with a four lane NH75 highway through
Hassan. Hassan and Chikmagalur are the closest cities near Belur that
are connected by railway network to major cities of Karnataka.
Belur has an elevation of 979 metres (3,212 ft) above sea
There are regular buses to Belur from
Bengaluru (222 km),
Chikmagalur (22 km),
Halebidu (16 km), Kadur (62 km),
Hassan (32 km), Hospet (330 km),
Mangalore (124 km),
Mysore (149 km) to Belur. Belur is a small town and most hotels
are outside Hassan city on the Belur road (State Highway 54), Halebidu
road (State Highway 21), in Hassan or Chikmagalur. The temple is about
16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from
Agriculture and commerce
The primary mode of employment in the Belur region is agriculture and
tourism. Crops grown include coffee, rice, finger millet, pepper,
cardamom, ginger and sugarcane, with paddy being dominant.[citation
Belur is home to a Vishnu-related Hoysala Hindu temple complex from
the 12th century called the Kesava Temple at Belur. This temple
along with Hoysaleshwara Temple and
Jain temples in
Halebidu have been
proposed as UNESCO world heritage sites.
Hoysaleswara Temple, Halebidu: it is 16 km from Belur, was
capital of Hoysala and it was formerly called as Dwarasamudra. It has
another famed collection of Hindu and
Jain temples showing 12th
century Hoysala architecture and artwork.
Kesava Temple, Somanathapura: it is about 180 kilometres (110 mi)
southeast from Belur, another site of a major 13th century Hoysala
temple and arts dedicated to Krishna and other forms of Vishnu.
Shravanabelagola, Channarayapatna: it is about 75 kilometres
(47 mi) southeast from Belur on National Highway 75, one of the
most important Jainism pilgrimage site in South India. It is the site
of a colossal Gommateshwara statue and the place where Chandragupta
Maurya is believed to have committed
Sallekhana in the Digambara
^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus
Books. pp. 58–60. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
^ Narasimhacharya 1987, pp. 1-2.
^ a b c d e V. K. Subramanian (2003). Art Shrines of Ancient India.
Abhinav Publications. pp. 75–77.
^ "Elevation of Belur, Karnataka". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed.
India through the ages.
Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,
Government of India. p. 174.
^ a b Permanent Delegation of
India to UNESCO (2014), Sacred Ensembles
of the Hoysala, UNESCO
M.H. Krishna (1966). K.A. Nilakanta Sastri, ed. The history of the Sri
Vijayanarayana Temple of Belur (Mysore State). The Bhandarkar Oriental
Narasimhacharya, Ramanujapuram (1987). The Kesava Temple at Belur.
Asiatic Society. OCLC 37520409.
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