HOME
The Info List - Belo Horizonte





Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌbɛloɾiˈzõtʃi];[2] Beautiful Horizon) is the sixth largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth largest city in South America and the eighteenth largest city in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
metropolitan area, ranked as the third most populous metropolitan area in Brazil
Brazil
and the seventeenth most populous in the Americas. Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil's second most populous state. It is the first planned modern city in Brazil. The region was first settled in the early 18th century, but the city as it is known today was planned and constructed in the 1890s, in order to replace Ouro Preto
Ouro Preto
as the capital of Minas Gerais. The city features a mixture of contemporary and classical buildings, and is home to several modern Brazilian architectural icons, most notably the Pampulha Complex. In planning the city, Aarão Reis and Francisco Bicalho sought inspiration in the urban planning of Washington, D.C.[3] The city has employed notable programs in urban revitalization and food security, for which it has been awarded international accolades. The city is built on several hills and is completely surrounded by mountains.[4] There are several large parks in the immediate surroundings of Belo Horizonte. The Mangabeiras Park (Parque das Mangabeiras), located 6 km (4 mi) south-east from the city centre in the hills of Curral Ridge (Serra do Curral), has a broad view of the city. It has an area of 2.35 km2 (580 acres), of which 0.9 km2 (220 acres) is covered by the native forest. The Jambeiro Woods (Mata do Jambeiro) nature reserve extends over 912 hectares (2,250 acres), with vegetation typical of the Atlantic forest. More than one hundred species of birds inhabit the reserve, as well as ten different species of mammals. Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
was one of the host cities of the 1950 and the 2014 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. Additionally, the city shared the host of the 2013 FIFA
FIFA
Confederations Cup and also the football tournament during the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Surrounding cities and metropolitan area 2.2 Geology and geomorphology 2.3 Parks 2.4 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion 3.2 Human development

4 Economy 5 Education

5.1 Educational institutions

6 Transport

6.1 Airports 6.2 Highways 6.3 Bus system 6.4 Railways 6.5 Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Public Transportation Statistics

7 Culture

7.1 Theatre and dance 7.2 Music 7.3 Museums 7.4 Architecture 7.5 Food
Food
and drink

8 Sports

8.1 Football 8.2 Tennis

9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

12.1 Official 12.2 Education 12.3 Photos 12.4 Architecture 12.5 Tourism 12.6 Food
Food
security 12.7 Culture

History[edit]

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
plant in 1895.

The metropolis was once a small village, founded by João Leite da Silva Ortiz, a bandeirante explorer from São Paulo. The explorer settled in the region in 1701, leaving a gold rush expedition. He then established a farm called "Curral d'el Rey", archaic Portuguese for the "King's Corral", which in modern Portuguese would be spelled Curral do Rei. The farm's wealth and success encouraged people from surrounding places to move into the region, and Curral del Rey became a village surrounded by farms.[5] Another important factor contributing to the growth of the village was the number of migrants from the São Francisco river
São Francisco river
region, who had to pass through Curral d'el Rey in order to reach southern parts of Brazil. Travelers usually visited a small wooden chapel, where they prayed for a safe trip. Due to this fact, the chapel was named Capela da Nossa Senhora da Boa Viagem, which means "Chapel of Our Lady of the Good Journey." After the construction of Belo Horizonte, the old baroque chapel was replaced by a neo-gothic church which became the city's cathedral.[6]

Founding of the city in 1897.

Partial view of Afonso Pena Avenue, Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
in the 1930s

The previous capital of Minas Gerais, Ouro Preto
Ouro Preto
(meaning "black gold", due to dark rocks with gold inside found on the region), originally called "Vila Rica" ("wealthy village"), was a symbol of both the monarchic Brazilian Empire
Brazilian Empire
and the period when most of Brazilian income was due to mining, and that never pleased the members of the Inconfidência Mineira, republican intellectuals who conspired against the Portuguese dominion of Brazil. In 1889, Brazil
Brazil
became a republic, and it was agreed that a new state capital, in tune with a modern and prosperous Minas Gerais, had to be set.[7]

Raul Soares
Raul Soares
Square, in 1936, soon after its landscaping.

In 1893, due to the climatic and topographic conditions, Curral Del Rey was selected by Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
governor Afonso Pena among other cities as the location for the new economical and cultural centre of the state, under the new name of "Cidade de Minas," or City of Minas.[citation needed] Aarão Reis, an urbanist from the State of Pará, was then set to design the second planned city of Brazil
Brazil
(the first one is Teresina), and then Cidade de Minas was inaugurated finally in 1897, with many unfinished constructions as the Brazilian Government
Brazilian Government
set a deadline for its completion. Inhabitation of the city was subsidised by the local government, through the concession of free empty lots and funding for building houses. An interesting feature of Reis' downtown street plan for Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
was the inclusion of a symmetrical array of perpendicular and diagonal streets named after Brazilian states and Brazilian indigenous tribes.[8] In 1906, the name was then changed to Belo Horizonte, and at that time the city was experiencing a considerable industrial expansion that increased its commercial and service sectors. From its very beginning, the city's original plan prohibited workers to live inside the urban area which was defined by Avenida do Contorno (a long avenue which goes around the city's central areas), reserved for the public sector functionaries (hence the name of the still trendy neighbourhood "Funcionários"),

Liberdade Square.

and bringing about an accelerated occupation outside the city's area well provided with infrastructure since its very beginning. Obviously, the city's original planners did not count on its population growth afterwards, which proved especially intense in the last twenty years of the 20th century. In the 1940s, a young Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer
designed the Pampulha Neighbourhood to great acclaim, a commission he got thanks to then-mayor, soon-to-be-president Juscelino Kubitschek. These two men are largely responsible for the wide avenues, large lakes, parks and jutting skylines that characterise the city today.[9] A 1949 American government film favorably reviewed the planning and building of the city.[10] Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is fast becoming a regional centre of commerce. The Latin American Research and development centre of Google, situated in Belo Horizonte, was responsible for the management and operation of the former social networking website Orkut. It continues to be a trendsetter in the arts, particularly where music, literature, architecture and the avant-garde are concerned.[11] Geography[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Surrounding cities and metropolitan area[edit]

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
from ISS
ISS
at night.

The term "Grande BH" ("Greater Belo Horizonte") denotes any of various definitions for the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte. The legally defined Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
consists of 34 municipalities in total, and a population of around five million inhabitants (as of 2007[update], according to IBGE).[12][13] The intense process of urbanization that is taking place in the metropolitan region has made some of the political boundaries between municipalities in the region obsolete. The city is now composed of a relatively contiguous urban area, centred on Belo Horizonte, which extends out into municipalities such as Contagem, Betim, Nova Lima, Raposos, Ribeirão das Neves, Ibirité, Santa Luzia and Sabará, among others. The municipality bounded to the north by Vespasiano, to the north east by Santa Luzia, by Sabará
Sabará
to the east, by Nova Lima
Nova Lima
to the southeast, Brumadinho
Brumadinho
to the south and Ribeirão das Neves, Contagem
Contagem
and Ibirité to the west. Geology and geomorphology[edit]

Praça da Liberdade
Praça da Liberdade
(Liberty Square) and Downtown Belo Horizonte.

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
lies on a region of contact between different geological series of the Proterozoic. The geology largely comprises various crystalline rocks, which give rise to the varied morphology of the landscape. It is located in a large geological unit known as the craton of San Francisco, referring to extensive crustal nucleus of central-eastern Brazil, tectonically stable at the end of the Paleoproterozoic and bordering areas that suffered the regeneration at the Neoproterozoic. The archean rocks members of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
complex and supracrustal sequences of the Paleoproterozoic is predominant. The area of Belo Horizonte complex includes the geomorphological unit called Depression of Belo Horizonte, which represents about 70% of the municipality area and has its greatest expression in the northern Ribeirão Arrudas (Rues Stream) pipeline. The metasedimentary rocks has its area of occurrence on the south of Ribeirão Arrudas pipeline, constituting about 30% of the area of Belo Horizonte. The characteristics of this area are lithological diversities and rugged topography, which has its maximum expression in the Serra do Curral (Corral Ridge), the southern boundary of the municipality. Its soil comprises a succession of layers of rocks of varied composition, represented by itabirite, dolomite, quartzite, filities and schists different from the general direction northwest-southeast and dip to the southeast. The hills of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
are part of the Espinhaço Mountains
Espinhaço Mountains
and belong to the larger Itacolomi mountain chain. The highest point in the municipality is in the Serra do Curral, reaching 1,538 metres (5,046 ft). Parks[edit]

Serra do Rola-Moça State Park.

A centre for conservation and preservation of animals and plants it has also developed environmental education projects. The Zoo, which encompasses a total area of 1.4 million square meters, is located at the Foundation's headquarters and is regarded as one of the most complete in Latin America. It has a collection of close to 900 animals representing 200 species, from Brazil
Brazil
and other parts of the world, as well as the first public butterfly sanctuary in South America. Pampulha Ecological Park is administered by the Zoo-Botanical Foundation of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
and was inaugurated in May 21 of 2004. It's 30 acres (12 ha) of green area that offers to the population and the tourists a permanent programming of environmental, cultural and patrimonial education. The city contains the 102 hectares (250 acres) Baleia State Park, created in 1988 but still not implemented as of 2014.[14] It contains part of the 3,941 hectares (9,740 acres) Serra do Rola-Moça State Park, created in 1994.[15]

Panorama of the Lake Pampulha
Lake Pampulha
along with its main touristc complex.

Climate[edit] Further information: Climate of Brazil

Storm over the city.

Belo Horizonte's latitude at 19'55"South places it in the tropical zone. Yearly temperatures average between 9 and 35 °C (48 and 95 °F). The Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
of the region is tropical savanna climate (Aw) and it borders on a humid subtropical climate (Cwa), (tropical on high altitudes, humid/warm summers and a dry/mild winters). Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is located about 300 kilometres (190 mi) from the sea. Even though inter-seasonal differences are not as pronounced as they are in temperate places, there is a contrast between spring and summer, and between fall and winter. The coldest month is generally July, with a lowest recorded temperature of 2 °C (36 °F). The hottest month is usually January, with a highest recorded temperature of 37.4 °C (99 °F). The 852-metre (2,795 ft) elevation[citation needed] of Belo Horizonte helps a little in cooling the city, suppressing high maximum air temperatures experienced in nearby cities at lower altitudes. Belo Horizonte's climate is mild throughout the year. Temperatures vary between 11 and 31 °C (52 and 88 °F), the average being 22 °C (72 °F). Winter is dry and mostly sunny, and summer is rainy.

Climate data for Belo Horizonte

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 35.3 (95.5) 35.2 (95.4) 35.2 (95.4) 32.8 (91) 32.9 (91.2) 30 (86) 32 (90) 34 (93) 36.1 (97) 37.4 (99.3) 36.2 (97.2) 35.5 (95.9) 37.4 (99.3)

Average high °C (°F) 28.2 (82.8) 28.8 (83.8) 28.6 (83.5) 27.5 (81.5) 26 (79) 25 (77) 24.6 (76.3) 26.5 (79.7) 27.2 (81) 27.7 (81.9) 27.5 (81.5) 27.3 (81.1) 27.08 (80.76)

Daily mean °C (°F) 23.5 (74.3) 23.9 (75) 23.7 (74.7) 22.4 (72.3) 20.5 (68.9) 19.2 (66.6) 18.9 (66) 20.5 (68.9) 21.7 (71.1) 22.6 (72.7) 22.9 (73.2) 22.9 (73.2) 21.89 (71.41)

Average low °C (°F) 18.8 (65.8) 19 (66) 18.8 (65.8) 17.3 (63.1) 15 (59) 13.4 (56.1) 13.1 (55.6) 14.4 (57.9) 16.2 (61.2) 17.5 (63.5) 18.2 (64.8) 18.4 (65.1) 16.67 (61.99)

Record low °C (°F) 12.5 (54.5) 12.8 (55) 11.7 (53.1) 6.4 (43.5) 5 (41) 2.4 (36.3) 2.2 (36) 5.8 (42.4) 5 (41) 9.2 (48.6) 11.4 (52.5) 12.8 (55) 2.2 (36)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 296.3 (11.665) 188.4 (7.417) 163.5 (6.437) 61.2 (2.409) 27.8 (1.094) 14.1 (0.555) 15.7 (0.618) 13.7 (0.539) 40.5 (1.594) 123.1 (4.846) 227.6 (8.961) 319.4 (12.575) 1,491.3 (58.713)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 17 13 14 7 6 2 3 4 6 10 14 20 116

Average relative humidity (%) 79 75.1 74.7 73.9 72.5 71.4 68.7 64.5 65.1 69.8 74.1 78 72.23

Mean monthly sunshine hours 189.1 197.8 213.9 228 235.6 240 257.3 254.2 210 189.1 183 164.3 2,562.3

Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.,[16] Hong Kong Observatory (sun only 1961-1990),[17] Climate charts (humidity)[18]

Source #2: Weatherbase (record highs and lows)[19]

Demographics[edit]

The population of Belo Horizonte, as well as the majority of the Brazilian cities, is marked by ethnic mix. In the picture, a group of public school students in the city.

According to the 2010 IBGE Census, there were 2,258,096 people residing in the city of Belo Horizonte.[20] The census revealed the following numbers: 1,110,034 White people (46.7%), 995,167 Pardo (Multiracial) people (41.9%), 241,155 Black people (10.2%), 25,270 Asian people (1.1%), 3,477 Amerindian people (0.1%).[21] In 2010, the city had 428,893 opposite-sex couples and 1,090 same-sex couples. The population of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
was 53.1% female and 46.9% male.[21] The Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, called Greater Belo Horizonte, is the 3rd most populous of Brazil, after only Greater São Paulo (with 19,672,582 people, first in Brazil
Brazil
and 5th in the world) and Greater Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(with 14,387,000 people). The city is the 6th most populous of the country. During the 18th century, Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
received many Portuguese immigrants, mainly from Northern Portugal
Northern Portugal
as well as many enslaved Africans.[22] Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
has a notable Italian influence; around 30% of the city's population have some Italian origin.[23] The Italian culture
Italian culture
is present in the cuisine, dance, and language.[24] People of German, Spanish, and Syrian-Lebanese ancestries also make up sizeable groups. Religion[edit]

Our Lady of Good Voyage Cathedral, seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte.

Main article: Religion in Brazil

Religion Percentage Number

Catholic 59.87% 1,422,084

Protestant 25.06% 595,244

No religion 8.02% 190,414

Spiritist 4.07% 96,639

Source: IBGE 2010.[25] Human development[edit]

Savassi
Savassi
is a developed neighbourhood in Belo Horizonte

The human development of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
varies greatly by locality, reflecting the city's spatial social inequality and vast socioeconomic inequalities. There are neighborhoods that had very high human development indexes in 2000 (equal to or greater than the indexes of some Scandinavian countries), but those in the lower range (in line with, for example, North Africa).[26] Carmo/Sion (0.973): greater than Iceland
Iceland
- 0.968; Cruzeiro/Anchieta/Funcionários (0.970): greater than Iceland
Iceland
- 0.968; Grajau/Gutierrez (0.965): greater than Australia
Australia
- 0.962; Belvedere/Mangabeiras/Comiteco (0.964): greater than Australia - 0.962; Serra/São Lucas (0.953): equal to Japan, Netherlands
Netherlands
- 0.953. In 1993, under mayor Patrus Ananias de Souza, the city started a series of innovations based on its citizens having the "right to food". These include, for example, creating farmers' markets in the town to enable direct sales and regularly surveying market prices and posting the results across the city.[27] The city's process of participatory budgeting was linked with these innovations, as a result of which the infant mortality rate was reduced by 50% in a decade.[28][29] There is some evidence that these programs have helped support a higher quality of life for the local farmers partnering with the city and that this may be having positive effects on biodiversity in the Atlantic rainforest around the city.[29][30] The city's development of these policies garnered the first "Future Policy Award" in 2009, awarded by the World Future Council, a group of 50 activists (including Frances Moore Lappé, Vandana Shiva, Wes Jackson, and Youssou N'Dour[31]) concerned with the development and recognition of policies to promote a just and sustainable future. The city has undertaken an internationally heralded project called Vila Viva ("Living Village" in Portuguese) that promises to "urbanize" the poorest areas (favelas), relocating families from areas with high risk of floods and landslides but keeping them in the same neighborhood, paving main avenues to allow public transportation, police and postal service to have access. All the work is done with 80% of locals, reducing unemployment and increasing family income.[32][33] Former mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel
Fernando da Mata Pimentel
was nominated for World Mayor in 2005 on the strength of these and other programs.[32] Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Belo Horizonte

Business district of the city.

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
receives large numbers of visitors, as it is in the Brazilian main economic axis, exerting influence even on other states. Multinational and Brazilian companies, such as Google
Google
and Oi, maintain offices in the city. The service sector plays a very important role in the economy of Belo Horizonte, being responsible for 85% of the city's gross domestic product (GDP), with the industry making up for most of the remaining 15%. Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
has a developed industrial sector, being traditionally a hub of the Brazilian siderurgical and metallurgical industries, as the state of Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
has always been very rich in minerals, specifically iron ore. Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is the distribution and processing centre of a rich agricultural and mining region and the nucleus of a burgeoning industrial complex. Production is centred on steel, steel products, automobiles, and textiles. Gold, manganese, and gemstones mined in the surrounding region are processed in the city.[34] The main industrial district of the city was set during the 1940s in Contagem, a part of greater Belo Horizonte. Multinational companies like FIAT
FIAT
(which opened its plant in Betim
Betim
in 1974), Arcelor, and Toshiba
Toshiba
have subsidiaries in the region, along with other textile like Group Rachelle Textil, Ematex and Cedro Textil, cosmetic, food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, furnishing and refractory companies. Among the companies headquartered in the city we can list steel producer Açominas (held by Gerdau, one of the largest multinationals originated in Brazil); Usiminas; Belgo-Mineira (held by Arcelor); Acesita
Acesita
(partially held by Arcelor); mobile communication Vivo; and Telecom Italia Mobile, Dasein executive search, executive coaching company, as well as the NYSE-listed electrical company CEMIG. Leading steel product makers Sumitomo Metals of Japan
Japan
and Vallourec of France have also plans to construct an integrated steel works on the outskirts of the city. There are also a large number of small enterprises in the technological sector with regional to nationwide success, particularly in the fields of computing and biotechonology. Because of both governmental and private funding in the diversification of its economy, the city has become an international reference in Information Technology and Biotechnology, and is also cited because of the advanced corporate and university research in Biodiesel
Biodiesel
fuel. The number of jobs in the Information sector has been growing at annual rates above 50%. The Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Metropolitan Area, composed of 33 cities under the capital's direct influence, is home to 16% of the country's biotechnology companies, with annual sales of over R$550 million.[35]

Headquarters of Usiminas
Usiminas
in Pedro Melo Square.

Projects in these fields are likely to expand because of integration between universities, the oil company Petrobras
Petrobras
and the Brazilian Government. One of the largest events that ever took place in the city, the Inter-American Development Bank
Inter-American Development Bank
meeting, occurred in 2005 and attracted people from everywhere in the world. For a long time it was marked by the predominance of its industrial sector, but from the 1990s there has been a constant expansion of the service sector economy, particularly in computer science, biotechnology, business tourism, fashion and the making of jewelry. The city is considered to be a strategic leader in the Brazilian economy. The move towards business tourism transformed the capital into a national hub for this segment of the tourist industry.

In 2008, the city's GDP was R$42 billion (or about of US$26,2 billion).[36] In 2008, the Greater Belo Horizonte's GDP was R$98,5 billion (or about of US$61 billion).[37] In 2008, the city's per capita income was R$17,313 (or US$10,820).[38] In 2007, it was R$15,830[39] (about of US$9,893).[39]

Education[edit] Main article: Education in Brazil

Pontifical Catholic
Catholic
University of Minas Gerais.

Federal University of Minas Gerais.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. Schools are required to offer at least one foreign language, English and Spanish being the most common. Educational institutions[edit] Several higher education institutions are located in Belo Horizonte, including:

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
(UFMG); Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
(CEFET-MG); Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
(PUC-MG); Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
(UEMG) (State University of Minas Gerais); Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(UNI-BH); Faculdade Pitágoras de Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(FP-BH); Faculdades Kennedy (FKBH); Centro Universitário (UNA); Universidade FUMEC (FUMEC); Universidade José do Rosário Vellano (UNIFENAS); Centro Universitário Newton Paiva; Escola Superior Dom Helder Câmara - Especializada em Direito; Faculdade Jesuíta de Filosofia e Teologia (FAJE) Skema Business School
Skema Business School
(SK).

Transport[edit]

Tancredo Neves/ Confins
Confins
International Airport.

BRT on Cristiano Machado Avenue.

Map of the ring road of Belo Horizonte.

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Metro.

Airports[edit] Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is served by three airports:

Tancredo Neves/ Confins
Confins
International Airport, dedicated to domestic and international traffic. It is located in the municipalities of Lagoa Santa and Confins, 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Belo Horizonte, and was opened in January 1984. Plans for gradual expansion to meet growing demand had been already drawn up from the airport's inception. The airport has one of the lowest rates of shutdown for bad weather in the country. It ran at limited capacity until 2005, when a large proportion of Pampulha Airport air traffic was transferred to Confins. There are direct international flights to/from Miami, Orlando, Lisbon, Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
and Panama City. Pampulha - Carlos Drummond de Andrade Airport, dedicated to domestic traffic; Carlos Prates Airport, dedicated to general aviation.

Highways[edit] The city is connected to the rest of Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
state and the country by a number of roadways. Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
has the country's largest federal highway network.[40]

BR-040 connects Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
to Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(going south) and Brasília
Brasília
(going northwest). It also links other cities in the state, such as Juiz de Fora, Conselheiro Lafaiete, Barbacena, Sete Lagoas, and Paracatu. BR-262
BR-262
begins in Mato Grosso do Sul
Mato Grosso do Sul
and ends in Espírito Santo, crossing Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
from west to east. It links Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
to Pará
Pará
de Minas, Araxá, Manhuaçu, Uberaba, Governador Valadares, and Vitória, the capital of Espírito Santo
Espírito Santo
state. BR-381 is an important federal highway. It connects Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
to São Paulo. MG-010 is a state highway that connects the capital to the Tancredo Neves International Airport, itself located in the municipalities of Confins
Confins
and Lagoa Santa, which are part of the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte. Starting in 2005, several flights were transferred from the Pampulha Regional Airport
Pampulha Regional Airport
to the international airport. To improve access to the international airport, MG-010 is being expanded (effectively duplicating its lanes).[41]

The city is also served by other minor roads such as state highways MG-020, MG-050, MG-030, and MG-433. There is also an East-West Express Way, which goes from the city to the nearby industrial centres of Contagem
Contagem
and Betim
Betim
(together having a population of ca. 900,000), and Anel Rodoviário, a kind of "beltway" - indeed it is not circumferential, but connects many highways, such as the federal (BR-ones) so it is not necessary for a large number of cars and trucks to pass through the city centre. Many of these roads are in poor condition, but in the last years many revitalization and rebuilding projects have been started. Bus system[edit] The bus system has a large number of bus lines going through all parts in the city, and is administrated by BHTRANS. Among the upcoming projects are the expansion of the integration between bus lines and the metro, with integrated stations, many already in use. And the construction of bus corridors, with lanes and bus stops exclusively for the bus lines. Keeping buses from traffic congestions, making the trips more viable for commuters. Railways[edit] Belo Horizonte Metro
Belo Horizonte Metro
or MetroBH started operating at the end of the 1970s. There is one line, with 19 stations, from Vilarinho to Eldorado Station, in Contagem, transporting over 160,000 people daily. The current projects of expansion include Line 2, linking the existing Calafate Station to the region of Barreiro. And Line 3, from the city's main bus terminal to Savassi
Savassi
economical district. Line 2 is planned to be overground (similar to the current line) and Line 3 is planned to be underground, passing through the city's financial centre, Praça Sete and Afonso Pena Avenue. Also, Line 1 is planned to be extended to Novo Eldorado Station.[42] Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Public Transportation Statistics[edit] The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Belo Horizonte, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 85 min. 26% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 23 min, while 50% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 8.7 km, while 19% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.[43] Culture[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Theatre and dance[edit]

Estação Square during the International Festival of Theatre.

Every two years, FIT BH, The International Theater
Theater
Festival of Belo Horizonte, takes place in the city. This attracts artists from all over Brazil
Brazil
and worldwide. With the merger of two projects that would happen separately in 1994, one stage based, organized by the Francisco Nunes Theater, and the other street based, idealized by Grupo Galpão, came FIT-BH Palco & Rua. Produced every two years, under responsibility from the Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
City Hall, through the Municipal Culture Office and the Association Movimento Teatro de Grupo of Minas Gerais, in the program there are street and stage shows, and also seminars, workshops, courses, talks, etc. The Annual Campaign for the Popularisation of Theatre takes place every year in January and February, offering dozens of plays in theatres all over the city at affordable prices. Several notable artistic groups originated in Belo Horizonte. Grupo Corpo, which is perhaps the most famous contemporary dance group in the country, was formed in the city in 1975. In March and April is the performance program from FID promoting contemporary dance in Belo Horizonte. The program presents groups from Belo Horizonte. For this project the priority invitations go to the shows created by groups and choreographers living in the city. The purpose is to take shows and other activities such as workshops, talks and video screenings to the less privileged regions of the city regarding access to cultural assets. Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is also host to the Centro Mineiro de Danças Clássicas school. Music[edit]

Sala Minas Gerais, the house of the Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Philharmonic Orchestra.

Clube da Esquina is one of the most important musical movements in the musical history of Brazil. It originated in the mid-1960s, and since then its members have been hugely influential in Brazilian and even international music, some like Milton Nascimento
Milton Nascimento
and Toninho Horta achieving worldwide acclaim. Other people involved in the movement include musicians, songwriters, composers, conductors and lyricists, such as Tavinho Moura, Wagner Tiso, Andersen Viana, Milton Nascimento, Lô Borges, Beto Guedes, Flávio Venturini, Toninho Horta, Márcio Borges and Fernando Brant, among others. The band Uakti - known for performing with self-built musical instruments - originated in Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
under the influence of Walter Smetak and the Composition School from Bahia. Also, several nationally famous rock groups have been founded in Belo Horizonte, including Jota Quest, Pato Fu, Skank, 14 Bis and Tianastácia. In later years, Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
has been more frequently included in Brazilian tours of foreign mainstream and independent acts. Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is also known as the Brazilian Capital of Metal, hence the huge number of heavy metal bands (and the likes) founded there, especially in the 1980s. Most importantly, Overdose, the first metal band from BH and one of the first to gain prominence in Brazil; Sepultura, the world's best known Brazilian metal band; and Sarcófago, one of the founders of modern black metal. The contemporary Christian music band Diante do Trono, is also of Belo Horizonte. A short instrumental song by American band Earth, Wind & Fire is named after the city on their album Now, Then & Forever. Museums[edit]

Pampulha Art Museum.

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
features a number of museums including the Mineiro Museum, the Abílio Barreto Historic Museum, Arts and Workmanship Museum, a Natural History
Natural History
Museum and the UFMG
UFMG
Botanic Gardens, a telephone museum, the Pampulha Art Museum, the Professor Taylor Gramke Mineralogy
Mineralogy
Museum, and the UFMG
UFMG
Conservatory. The puppet theatre group Giramundo was established here in 1970, and continues to maintain a puppetry museum hosting a collection of their creations. There is also The Circuito Cultural Praça da Liberdade, located in the central region of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is currently the largest cultural circuit in Brazil. In all, there are eleven functioning museums and cultural spaces: Arquivo Público Mineiro ( Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Public Archive), Biblioteca Pública Estadual Luiz de Bessa (Luiz de Bessa State Public Library), Cefar Liberdade, Centro de Arte Popular Cemig (Cemig Center of Popular Art), Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (Culture Center Bank of Brazil), Espaço do Conhecimento UFMG
UFMG
(UFMG Knowledge Space), Horizonte Sebrae - Casa da Economia Criativa (Sebrae Horizon - The House of Creative Economy), Memorial Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Vale ( Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Memorial), Museu das Minas e do Metal (Mines and Metal Museum), Museu Mineiro ( Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Museum) and Palácio da Liberdade (Liberty Palace). Besides these, another three spaces are already in the process of being implemented: the Casa Fiat de Cultura (Fiat Culture House), CENA and Oi Futuro. The proposal, according to the Circuit manager, Cristiana Kumaira, is to strengthen the circuit in the world cultural context. “We are already on this path and are being careful to ensure that the activities, services and assistance fulfill the needs and expectations of both the local population and the tourists who come to Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
from different parts of the world. The Circuit is establishing itself as one more source of pride for the people of Minas Gerais”, she stresses. Inaugurated in 2010, the Circuito Cultural Praça da Liberdade
Praça da Liberdade
was created with the goal of exploring cultural diversity – with interactive options open to the public – in an area of great symbolic, historical and architectural value for Belo Horizonte. The opportunity came with the transference of the Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Government headquarters to the Cidade Administrativa (Administrative City), in Serra Verde. After they had been adapted, the old department buildings opened their doors and began to house museums and cultural spaces. The Circuito Cultural Praça da Liberdade
Praça da Liberdade
is co-managed by the Instituto Sérgio Magnani (Institute) since June, 2012, through a partnership signed with the Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Government, and the museums/spaces are mostly run by private companies, which carry out investments in heritage recovery and building maintenance. According to Kumaira, this public-private partnership model allows large companies to participate and effectively contribute to the cultural advance of the city. “Beyond their fields of activities, the partners invest in the implantation and maintenance of museums, learning spaces, exhibitions rooms and shows, as well as memory centers that consolidate the history of Minas Gerais, presenting it either for free or at affordable prices”, she adds. [44]

Botanical garden of UFMG.

Palace of Arts Museum.

The Natural History
Natural History
Museum and Botanical Garden holds an important treasure of folk art – the Nativity of Pipiripau. Created during the 20th century, the craftsman Raimundo Machado, synchronizes 586 figures, distributed in 45 scenes, which tell the story of life and death of Jesus, mixed with its variety of arts and crafts.[45] With 600,000 sq. m. of green area, the UFMG
UFMG
Museum of Natural History
Natural History
and Botanic Garden
Botanic Garden
(MHN-JB) is a privileged ecological space that enables visitors to experience nature in a rich, multidisciplinary way. For 30 years, the mission of the MHN-JB has been to do research, to educate, and to meet the community’s demand for service. It covers the areas of Anthropology, Archeology, Environmental Education, Natural History, Mineralogy, and Paleontology. It has an Ecological Amphitheater, a Free Art Atelier, a Greenhouse, and an Interactive Room. One of its traditional exhibitions is the Pipiripau Nativity Crèche. Palácio das Artes, inaugurated in 1970, is the largest and most varied cultural complex in Minas Gerais. It comprises three theaters, three art galleries, a movie theater, a bookstore a coffee shop and photography exhibition space. It offers high quality programs for the several expressions in arts. The building was designed by Oscar Niemeyer and it also houses the Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Handcraft Center. The Pampulha Art Museum is located at the Pampulha Lake in Belo Horizonte in a building that originally housed the Pampulha Casino. The building was designed by Oscar Niemeyer, commissioned by the then mayor and future president of Brazil
Brazil
Juscelino Kubitschek
Juscelino Kubitschek
in the early 1940s, with external grounds by landscaper Roberto Burle Marx. The building was the first project of Oscar Niemeyer, opened as a casino, and closed in 1946. In 1957, it was re-opened as the Art Museum. His design was influenced by the principles of Le Corbusier. The gardens of Burle Marx
Burle Marx
are an tribute to the tropical green. There is three sculptures by Ceschiatti, Zamoiski and José Pedrosa. In 1996, it won new multimedia rooms, library, café bar, souvenir shop and technical infrastructure. The MAP has an impressive collection of 1.600 works.[46] The Museum is an integral part of the "Pampulha Architectural Complex" a watershed in the history of modern architecture in Brazil
Brazil
and internationally. Architecture[edit]

São Francisco de Assis Church in Pampulha Park.

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
has several significant cultural landmarks, many of them situated in the Pampulha district, where there are notable examples of Brazilian contemporary architecture.[47] Under the leadership of the then mayor of city, Juscelino Kubitschek, architects and artists such as Oscar Niemeyer, landscaper Burle Marx, and painter Candido Portinari, started a type of modern architecture and art here that was greatly developed later with the construction of Brazil's new capital, Brasilia, also led by the now president Juscelino (aka JK). It is at the Pampulha complex that one can see the routes of this new architecture movement. The modern and protomodern architecture can also be seen all over Belo Horizonte, either in emblematic 1950's buildings such as Edificio Acaiaca, Conjunto JK, Hotel Amazonas [48] and former Hotel Excelsior,[49] all reflecting the modernity culture of the first planned capital of Brazil. The Pampulha Park area includes one of the largest soccer stadiums in the world, the Mineirão
Mineirão
stadium, and the São Francisco de Assis Church, widely known as Igreja da Pampulha, designed by Brazilian Modernist architect Oscar Niemeyer. In Pampulha there is also the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
campus, whose buildings themselves are important contributions to the city's architecture. Other notable buildings include the Mesbla and Niemeyer buildings, in addition to the headquarters of corporations such as Usiminas, Seculus, and Telemig Celular.[50] In the downtown area, landmarks include the church of São José, the Praça da Estação (Station Square), which is an old train station that now is also the Museum of Arts and Workmanship, the Municipal Park, the famous Sete de Setembro Square, where an obelisk built in 1922 marks the one hundred years of Brazilian independence
Brazilian independence
from Portugal.[51] Near Central the area, in the Lourdes neighborhood, the Lourdes Basilica, is an example of Gothic Revival style. The Nossa Senhora de Fátima Church, in Santo Agostinho neighborhood, is situated in Carlos Chagas
Carlos Chagas
Square. Both churches are referred to as the Assembléia Church and the Assembléia Square because of their proximity to the state's legislative assembly.

Niemeyer Building at Liberty Square.

Next to the downtown region is the famous Savassi
Savassi
district, known for fine restaurants and as a centre of cultural events as well as the best of the city's nightlife. Many landmarks are located there, such as the Praça da Liberdade
Praça da Liberdade
(Liberty Square), and its surrounding buildings, including the former Executive Offices of the governor called the Palácio da Liberdade (Liberty Palace), the first building to be finished during the city's planned development in the late 1890s. The government offices moved to the "Cidade Administrativa" in 2010. This complex is made by a few massive buildings just outside the city. Nowadays, the "palaces" are being turned into museums. Still on Savassi, the meeting point of many social groups, especially the youth, is "Praça da Savassi" ( Savassi
Savassi
Square), which is not exactly a square, and more a crossing between two major avenues (Getúlio Vargas and Cristóvão Colombo), and gathers some of the busiest bars and pubs (called locally "botecos" or "botequins") in town. Another important landmark is Praça do Papa (Pope's Square), located at a high point south of the downtown area, with its great view of the entire city. It is named for the July 1st, 1980, visit by John Paul II, who held a youth mass there. The nearby Parque das Mangabeiras (Mangabeiras Park) features extensive wildlife, and-owing to its considerable size-has its own bus service, which operates solely within the confines of the park. On Sundays, Afonso Pena Avenue hosts Latin America's biggest open-air market. This is the Market of Arts and Handicrafts, most commonly known as Feira Hippie (hippie fair). Every Sunday morning 70,000 visitors find food, drinks, clothes, furniture, earrings, shoes and almost anything else.[52]

Pampulha Modern Ensemble, a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site.[53][54][55]

Food
Food
and drink[edit]

Pão de queijo
Pão de queijo
with coffee, traditional snack of Minas Gerais.

The regional Minas Gerais' food and the now internationally known drink of cachaça are very popular and highly rated in the capital.[56]]] Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is internationally known as the "capital of neighborhood bars."[57] Every year, the city hosts the Comida di Buteco festival ("Pub Foods", in an approximate translation), in which a panel selects 41 bars to be visited, and then elects the one with the best appetizers using the theme ingredient of each year. Minas Gerais' cuisine is famous for its traditional dishes, like pão de queijo, feijão tropeiro, tutu de feijão, pork ribs, chicken-and-okra (served with a rich, brown gravy and rice) and other usually heavy, comfort-like food. The city also abounds with pizza places, barbecue houses, fine restaurants of various nationalities and other options. Sports[edit] See also: Sport in Brazil Football[edit]

Mineirão

Independência Stadium.

See also: Football in Brazil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, and Campeonato Mineiro As in the rest of Brazil, football is the most popular sport. The city's major teams are Atlético Mineiro, Cruzeiro and América Mineiro. The city also has one of the biggest football stadiums in the world, the Mineirão, which opened in 1965. The older Independência Stadium was the site of the FIFA World Cup 1950
FIFA World Cup 1950
game, when the United States beat England in a 1–0 win.[58] Mineirão, officially called Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto, was built to provide the city of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
with a larger alternative for Independência Stadium, then the prime venue of the city. The stadium was meant to become the most modern stadium of Brazil
Brazil
and the new home of Atlético Mineiro and Cruzeiro. Construction took almost five years, and on the 5th of September 1965 Mineirão
Mineirão
officially opened. Mineirão
Mineirão
hardly changed in the following decades, and in the 1990s still had its original capacity. When Brazil
Brazil
won their bid to host the 2014 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, it was clear that Mineirão
Mineirão
needed to undergo a large redevelopment. The project included the complete reconstruction of the bottom tier, an extension of the roof, and further refurbishments to upgrade the stadium to FIFA
FIFA
standards. Building works took a total of three years, and were completed in December 2012. The first match at the reopened Mineirão
Mineirão
was played on the 3rd of February 2013 with a state championship match between Cruzeiro and Atlético. While Cruzeiro agreed on a lease to play the next 25 years at Mineirão, Atlético have not yet come to an agreement and will keep playing at Independência Stadium until doing so. Mineirão
Mineirão
hosted a total of six matches during the 2014 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, including one round of 16 match and the historical semifinal referred to as Mineirazo in which Brazil
Brazil
lost 1-7 against Germany. The stadium also was one of the playing venues of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup
2013 FIFA Confederations Cup
and the Olympic football tournament in 2016[59]

Football/soccer teams

Club League Venue Established (team)

Atlético Mineiro Série A Independência Stadium 23,018 (32,721 record)

1908

Cruzeiro Série A Mineirão 58,170 (132,834 record)

1921

América Série A Independência Stadium 23,018 (32,721 record)

1912

In addition to football, Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
has one of the largest attendances at volleyball matches in the entire country. They are played either at Mineirinho, home of Brazil's national volleyball team, or at Minas Tênis Clube. Tennis[edit] Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
is home to 2015 French Open men's doubles champion and former World no. 1 doubles player Marcelo Melo
Marcelo Melo
as well as 2016 Australian Open men's doubles and mixed doubles champion Bruno Soares. International relations[edit] Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Belo Horizonte's sister cities are:[60][61]

San Paolo de Loanda, Angola
Angola
(1968) Zahlé, Lebanon
Lebanon
(1974) Granada, Spain
Spain
(1975) Porto, Portugal
Portugal
(1986) Minsk, Belarus
Belarus
(1987)[62] Havana, Cuba
Cuba
(1995) Nanjing, China
China
(1996) Bethlehem, Palestine (2001) Homs, Syria
Syria
(2001) Masaya, Nicaragua
Nicaragua
(2002) Tripoli, Libya
Libya
(2003) Fort Lauderdale, United States
United States
(2003) Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Honduras
(2004) Cuenca, Ecuador
Ecuador
(2004) Newark, New Jersey, United States
United States
(2006) Lagos, Nigeria
Nigeria
(2011)

See also[edit]

Zona Boêmia

References[edit]

^ "2014 population estimates. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) (1 July 2014)" (PDF). Ibge.gov.br. Retrieved September 14, 2014.  ^ This is the local pronunciation. Elsewhere in Brazil, it is pronounced [bɛlu oɾiˈzõtʃi]. In European Portuguese, it is pronounced [bɛlu ɔɾiˈzõtɨ] ^ " Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
in Brazil
Brazil
Travel". V-brazil.com. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "About Belo Horizonte". World66.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ History of BH (in English) ^ About Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(in English) ^ BH - History Archived 2015-09-04 at the Wayback Machine. (in English) ^ History of Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(in English) ^ Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Brazil
(in English) ^ U.S. Office of Inter-Amer Affairs (1949), Belo Horizonte, retrieved 2017-09-21  ^ "History of Belo Horizonte". Belotur.com.br. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Estimativas / Contagem
Contagem
da População 2007". Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 2007-11-14. Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-29.  ^ "Tabela 793 - População residente, em 1º de abril de 2007: Publicação Completa". Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática (SIDRA). 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2008-05-29.  ^ MPMG aciona Justiça para assegurar implantação do Parque Estadual da Baleia em BH (in Portuguese), Ministério Público de Minas Gerais, 6 October 2014, retrieved 2017-01-16  ^ Parque Estadual da Serra do Rola-Moça (in Portuguese), IEF, retrieved 2017-01-16  ^ Climate Information for Belo Horizonte, World Weather Information Service, accessed 07 August 2012. ^ Climatological Information for Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Hong Kong Observatory, accessed 07 August 2012. ^ "Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data (19°56'S 43°56'W, 850m)". Climate Charts. Retrieved 2014-10-13.  ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Belo Horizonte". Retrieved 2012-08-07.  ^ [1] Archived May 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "IBGE :: Censo 2010". Censo2010.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ "Portuguese immigration". Asminasgerais.com.br. 2002-02-19. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Italian origin in BH". Insieme.com.br. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Italian Culture in BH". Cmbh.mg.gov.br. 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática – SIDRA". Sidra.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved October 11, 2012.  ^ HDI (PDF) (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, Brazil: PNUD. 2000. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2008-01-09.  ^ Wayne Roberts and Cecilia Rocha (2008). Belo Horizonte: The Beautiful Horizon of Community Food
Food
Sovereignty. Quebec, Canada: Alternatives International Journal. Retrieved 2009-11-10.  ^ FRANCIS MOORE LAPPÉ, CounterPunch, 18 March 2009, The City That Ended Hunger Archived 2009-03-21 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b M. Jahi Chappell, PhD Thesis, 2009, From Food
Food
Security to Farm to Formicidae: Belo Horizonte, Brazil's Secretaria Municipal de Abastecimento and Biodiversity in the Fragmented Atlantic Rainforest ^ Cecilia Rocha and Adriana Aranha (2003). Urban Food
Food
Policies and Rural Sustainability: How the Municipal Government of Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Brazil
is Promoting Rural Sustainability (PDF). Toronto, Canada: Centre for Studies in Food
Food
Security, and Department of Nutrition, Ryerson University. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 14, 2011. Retrieved 2009-11-10.  ^ "Councillors". The World Future Council. Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ a b " Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Mayor Fernando Damata Pimentel: A program of financial efficiency and social boldness". Worldmayor.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ " Favela
Favela
é isso ai" (in Portuguese). Favelaeissoai.com.br. 2010-01-18. Archived from the original on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "BH city". Darkwing.uoregon.edu. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Economy of the city of Belo Horizonte". Belotur.com.br. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, Brazil: IBGE. 2006. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2009-07-21.  ^ "Produto Interno Bruto dos Municípios 2002-2005" (PDF). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 October 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2009.  ^ per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, Brazil: IBGE. 2007. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2010-01-10.  ^ a b per capita income (in Portuguese). 2006. Retrieved 2009-07-21. [dead link] ^ Tempo bom e trânsito lento marcam volta de feriado (PDF) (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Terra. 2007. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original on 7 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-22.  ^ Linha Verde (PDF) (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Governo do Estado de Minas Gerais. 2007. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original on 25 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-30.  ^ "Metrominas - Trem Metropolitano de Belo Horizonte". Metrominas.mg.gov.br. Retrieved 2012-11-16.  ^ " Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Public Transportation Statistics". Global Public Transit Index by Moovit. Retrieved June 19, 2017.  Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ^ PLUS. "Circuito Cultural Praça da Liberdade
Praça da Liberdade
- History". Circuito Cultural Praça da Liberdade.  ^ " UFMG
UFMG
Museum of Natural History
Natural History
and Botanic Garden". Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ "Belo Horizonte: um guia completo da capital de todos os mineiros" (PDF). Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ Info BH (in English) ^ Minas, Estado de. "Hotel no Centro de Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
abriga painéis de artista francês".  ^ Minas, Estado de. "Hotel Excelsior vira residencial no Centro de BH".  ^ Things of BH (in English) ^ Downtown BH (in English) ^ FeiraHippiebh.com. "Feira Hippie WebSite". Feirahippiebh.com. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Conjunto da Pampulha ganha título de Patrimônio Mundial da Unesco". 17 July 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.  ^ "Conjunto da Pampulha torna-se Patrimônio da Humanidade - VEJA.com". 17 July 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.  ^ "Conjunto da Pampulha é declarado Patrimônio Mundial da Humanidade - 17/07/2016 - Ilustrada - Folha de S.Paulo". Retrieved 25 November 2016.  ^ "Regional food and drink BH". World66.com. 2006-09-25. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ "Cuisine in Belo Horizonte". Belotur.com.br. Retrieved 2011-04-17.  ^ Soccerhall (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Soccerhall. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2007-07-18.  ^ Mineirão
Mineirão
Stadium (in English) ^ Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte. "Relações Internacionais - Cidades Irmãs". Retrieved 29 December 2008.  ^ "Mayor's International Council Sister Cities Program". Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Archived from the original on 2007-12-23. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  ^ "Twin towns and Sister cities of Minsk
Minsk
[via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Russian). The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk
Minsk
City Executive Committee. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutBelo Horizonteat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official[edit]

(in Portuguese) Page of the City Hall
City Hall
of Belo Horizonte (in Portuguese) Page of the Government of the State of Minas Gerais

Education[edit]

(in Portuguese) PUC-MG - the Pontifical Catholic
Catholic
University of Minas Gerais (in Portuguese) UNI-BH - the University of Belo Horizonte (in Portuguese) UFMG
UFMG
- Federal University of Minas Gerais (in Portuguese) CEFET-MG - Federal Center of Technologic Education of Minas Gerais (in English) Escola Americana de Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
- (American School of Belo Horizonte) (in English) SKEMA Business School (SKEMA Business School)

Photos[edit]

Images of Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte: A Planned City with a Plan - a 1949 U. S. Government film about this city available for free download and viewing at The Internet Archive

Architecture[edit]

(in Portuguese) ARQBH (in Portuguese) Guia Arquitetônico de Belo Horizonte

Tourism[edit]

Tourism Belo Horizonte Information about Belo Horizonte Travel Information AboutBrasil/ Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
- Metropolis on the Horizon (in Portuguese) BeloHorizonte.com - City Portal
Portal
with services and business links (in Portuguese) Maplink - Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Street Guide and Maps (in Portuguese) Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
Yellow Pages (in Portuguese) Culture in Belo Horizonte

Food
Food
security[edit]

Video about Belo Horizonte's receipt of the World Future Policy award Presentations and papers on Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
by Brazilian Canadian economist Cecilia Rocha, Toronto Food
Food
Policy Council coordinator Wayne Roberts, and former city food security administrator Adriana Aranha at Ryerson University's Centre for Studies in Food
Food
Security "The City that Ended Hunger", Frances Moore Lappé's essay on Belo Horizonte's programs in Yes! Magazine

Culture[edit]

(in Portuguese) Comida di Buteco Festival of bar appetizers.

Articles Related to Belo Horizonte

v t e

Brazil 

History

Timeline of Brazilian history Indigenous peoples Portuguese Colony (1500–1815) United Kingdom (1815–1822) Empire (1822–1889) Old Republic (1889–1930) Vargas Era
Vargas Era
(1930–1946) Second Republic (1946–1964) Military rule (1964–1985) New Republic (post 1985)

Geography

Amazon basin Climate Coastline Conservation Environment Environmental issues Extreme points Islands Largest cities Mountains Pantanal Protected areas Regions Rivers Water resources Wildlife

Politics

Administrative divisions Constitution Elections Foreign relations Government Human rights Legal system Law Law enforcement Military National Congress Political parties President

Economy

Agriculture Car industry Central Bank Economic history Energy Exports Industry Mining Real (currency) Science and technology Stock index Telecommunications Tourism Transport

Society

Corruption Crime Demographics Education Health Immigration Income inequality Languages People Religion Social issues States by HDI Unemployment Water supply and sanitation Welfare Youth

Culture

Arts Animation Carnaval Cinema Comics Cuisine Literature Malandragem Music Newspapers Painting Public holidays Sculpture Science fiction Sports Television

Outline Index

Category Portal

v t e

Municipalities of Minas Gerais

Capital: Belo Horizonte

Mesoregion Campo das Vertentes

Barbacena

Alfredo Vasconcelos Antônio Carlos Barbacena Barroso Capela Nova Caranaíba Carandaí Desterro do Melo Ibertioga Ressaquinha Santa Bárbara do Tugúrio Senhora dos Remédios

Lavras

Carrancas Ijaci Ingaí Itumirim Itutinga Lavras Luminárias Nepomuceno Ribeirão Vermelho

São João del Rei

Conceição da Barra de Minas Coronel Xavier Chaves Dores de Campos Lagoa Dourada Madre de Deus de Minas Nazareno Piedade do Rio Grande Prados Resende Costa Ritápolis Santa Cruz de Minas Santana do Garambéu São João del Rei São Tiago Tiradentes

Mesoregion Central Mineira

Bom Despacho

Araújos Bom Despacho Dores do Indaiá Estrela do Indaiá Japaraíba Lagoa da Prata Leandro Ferreira Luz Martinho Campos Moema Quartel Geral Serra da Saudade

Curvelo

Augusto de Lima Buenópolis Corinto Curvelo Felixlândia Inimutaba Joaquim Felício Monjolos Morro da Garça Presidente Juscelino Santo Hipólito

Três Marias

Abaeté Biquinhas Cedro do Abaeté Morada Nova de Minas Paineiras Pompéu Três Marias

Mesoregion Jequitinhonha

Almenara

Almenara Bandeira Divisópolis Felisburgo Jacinto Jequitinhonha Joaíma Jordânia Mata Verde Monte Formoso Palmópolis Rio do Prado Rubim Salto da Divisa Santa Maria do Salto Santo Antônio do Jacinto

Araçuaí

Araçuaí Caraí Coronel Murta Itinga Novo Cruzeiro Padre Paraíso Ponto dos Volantes Virgem da Lapa

Capelinha

Angelândia Aricanduva Berilo Capelinha Carbonita Chapada do Norte Francisco Badaró Itamarandiba Jenipapo de Minas José Gonçalves de Minas Leme do Prado Minas Novas Turmalina Veredinha

Diamantina

Couto de Magalhaes de Minas Datas Diamantina Felício dos Santos Gouveia Presidente Kubitschek São Gonçalo do Rio Preto Senador Modestino Gonçalves

Pedra Azul

Cachoeira de Pajeú Comercinho Itaobim Medina Pedra Azul

Mesoregion Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte Betim Brumadinho Caeté Confins Contagem Esmeraldas Ibirité Igarapé Juatuba Lagoa Santa Mário Campos Mateus Leme Nova Lima Pedro Leopoldo Raposos Ribeirão das Neves Rio Acima Sabará Santa Luzia São Joaquim de Bicas São José da Lapa Sarzedo Vespasiano

Conceição do Mato Dentro

Alvorada de Minas Conceição do Mato Dentro Congonhas
Congonhas
do Norte Dom Joaquim Itambé do Mato Dentro Morro do Pilar Passabém Rio Vermelho Santo Antônio do Itambé Santo Antônio do Rio Abaixo São Sebastião do Rio Preto Serra Azul de Minas Serro

Conselheiro Lafaiete

Casa Grande Catas Altas
Catas Altas
da Noruega Congonhas Conselheiro Lafaiete Cristiano Otoni Desterro de Entre Rios Entre Rios de Minas Itaverava Ouro Branco Queluzito Santana dos Montes São Brás do Suaçuí

Itabira

Alvinópolis Barão de Cocais Bela Vista de Minas Bom Jesus do Amparo Catas Altas Dionísio Ferros Itabira João Monlevade Nova Era Nova União Rio Piracicaba Santa Bárbara Santa Maria de Itabira São Domingos do Prata São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo São José do Goiabal Taquaraçu de Minas

Itaguara

Belo Vale Bonfim Crucilândia Itaguara Itatiaiuçu Jeceaba Moeda Piedade dos Gerais Rio Manso

Ouro Preto

Diogo de Vasconcelos Itabirito Mariana Ouro Preto

Pará
Pará
de Minas

Florestal Onça de Pitangui Pará
Pará
de Minas Pitangui São José da Varginha

Sete Lagoas

Araçaí Baldim Cachoeira da Prata Caetanópolis Capim Branco Cordisburgo Fortuna de Minas Funilândia Inhaúma Jaboticatubas Jequitibá Maravilhas Matozinhos Papagaios Paraopeba Pequi Prudente de Morais Santana de Pirapama Santana do Riacho Sete Lagoas

Mesoregion Noroeste de Minas

Paracatu

Brasilândia de Minas Guarda-Mor João Pinheiro Lagamar Lagoa Grande Paracatu Presidente Olegário São Gonçalo do Abaeté Varjão de Minas Vazante

Unaí

Arinos Bonfinópolis de Minas Buritis Cabeceira Grande Dom Bosco Formoso Natalândia Unaí Uruana de Minas

Mesoregion Norte de Minas

Bocaiúva

Bocaiúva Engenheiro Navarro Francisco Dumont Guaraciama Olhos-d'Água

Grão Mogol

Botumirim Cristália Grão Mogol Itacambira Josenópolis Padre Carvalho

Janaúba

Catuti Espinosa Gameleiras Jaíba Janaúba Mamonas Mato Verde Monte Azul Nova Porteirinha Pai Pedro Porteirinha Riacho dos Machados Serranópolis de Minas

Januária

Bonito de Minas Chapada Gaúcha Cônego Marinho Icaraí de Minas Itacarambi Januária Juvenília Manga Matias Cardoso Miravânia Montalvânia Pedras de Maria da Cruz Pintópolis São Francisco São João das Missões Urucuia

Montes Claros

Brasília
Brasília
de Minas Campo Azul Capitão Enéas Claro dos Poções Coração de Jesus Francisco Sá Glaucilândia Ibiracatu Japonvar Juramento Lontra Luislândia Mirabela Montes Claros Patis Ponto Chique São João da Lagoa São João da Ponte São João do Pacuí Ubaí Varzelândia Verdelândia

Pirapora

Buritizeiro Ibiaí Jequitaí Lagoa dos Patos Lassance Pirapora Riachinho Santa Fé de Minas São Romão Várzea da Palma

Salinas

Águas Vermelhas Berizal Curral de Dentro Divisa Alegre Fruta de Leite Indaiabira Montezuma Ninheira Novorizonte Rio Pardo de Minas Rubelita Salinas Santa Cruz de Salinas Santo Antônio do Retiro São João do Paraíso Taiobeiras Vargem Grande do Rio Pardo

Mesoregion Oeste de Minas

Campo Belo

Aguanil Campo Belo Cana Verde Candeias Cristais Perdões Santana do Jacaré

Divinópolis

Carmo do Cajuru Cláudio Conceição do Pará Divinópolis Igaratinga Itaúna Nova Serrana Perdigão Santo Antônio do Monte São Gonçalo do Pará São Sebastião do Oeste

Formiga

Arcos Camacho Córrego Fundo Formiga Itapecerica Pains Pedra do Indaiá Pimenta

Oliveira

Bom Sucesso Carmo da Mata Carmópolis de Minas Ibituruna Oliveira Passa Tempo Piracema Santo Antônio do Amparo São Francisco de Paula

Piui

Bambuí Córrego Danta Doresópolis Iguatama Medeiros Piumhi São Roque de Minas Tapiraí Vargem Bonita

Mesoregion Sudoeste de Minas

Alfenas

Alfenas Alterosa Areado Carmo do Rio Claro Carvalhópolis Conceição da Aparecida Divisa Nova Fama Machado Paraguaçu Poço Fundo Serrania

Andrelândia

Aiuruoca Andrelândia Arantina Bocaina de Minas Bom Jardim de Minas Carvalhos Cruzília Liberdade Minduri Passa-Vinte São Vicente de Minas Seritinga Serranos

Itajubá

Brasópolis Consolação Cristina Delfim Moreira Dom Viçoso Itajubá Maria da Fé Marmelópolis Paraisópolis Piranguçu Piranguinho Virgínia Wenceslau Braz

Passos

Alpinópolis Bom Jesus da Penha Capetinga Capitólio Cássia Claraval Delfinópolis Fortaleza
Fortaleza
de Minas Ibiraci Itaú de Minas Passos Pratápolis São João Batista do Glória São José da Barra

Poços de Caldas

Albertina Andradas Bandeira do Sul Botelhos Caldas Campestre Ibitiúra de Minas Inconfidentes Jacutinga Monte Sião Ouro Fino Poços de Caldas Santa Rita de Caldas

Pouso Alegre

Bom Repouso Borda da Mata Bueno Brandão Camanducaia Cambuí Congonhal Córrego do Bom Jesus Espírito Santo
Espírito Santo
do Dourado Estiva Extrema Gonçalves Ipuiúna Itapeva Munhoz Pouso Alegre Sapucaí-Mirim Senador Amaral Senador José Bento Tocos do Moji Toledo

Santa Rita do Sapucaí

Cachoeira de Minas Careaçu Conceição das Pedras Conceição dos Ouros Cordislândia Heliodora Natércia Pedralva Santa Rita do Sapucaí São Gonçalo do Sapucaí São João da Mata São José do Alegre São Sebastião da Bela Vista Silvianópolis Turvolândia

São Lourenco

Alagoa Baependi Cambuquira Carmo de Minas Caxambu Conceição do Rio Verde Itamonte Itanhandu Jesuânia Lambari Olímpio Noronha Passa Quatro Pouso Alto São Lourenço São Sebastião do Rio Verde Soledade de Minas

São Sebastiao do Paraíso

Arceburgo Cabo Verde Guaranesia Guaxupé Itamogi Jacuí Juruaia Monte Belo Monte Santo de Minas Muzambinho Nova Resende São Pedro da União São Sebastião do Paraíso São Tomás de Aquino

Varginha

Boa Esperança Campanha Campo do Meio Campos Gerais Carmo da Cachoeira Coqueiral Elói Mendes Guapé Ilicínea Monsenhor Paulo Santana da Vargem São Bento Abade São Thomé das Letras Três Corações Três Pontas Varginha

Mesoregion Triângulo Mineiro/Alto Paranaiba

Araxá

Araxá Campos Altos Ibiá Nova Ponte Pedrinópolis Perdizes Pratinha Sacramento Santa Juliana Tapira

Frutal

Campina Verde Carneirinho Comendador Gomes Fronteira Frutal Itapagipe Iturama Limeira do Oeste Pirajuba Planura São Francisco de Sales União de Minas

Ituiutaba

Cachoeira Dourada Capinópolis Gurinhatã Ipiaçu Ituiutaba Santa Vitória

Patos de Minas

Arapuá Carmo do Paranaíba Guimarânia Lagoa Formosa Matutina Patos de Minas Rio Paranaíba Santa Rosa da Serra São Gotardo Tiros

Patrocínio

Abadia dos Dourados Coromandel Cruzeiro da Fortaleza Douradoquara Estrela do Sul Grupiara Iraí de Minas Monte Carmelo Patrocínio Romaria Serra do Salitre

Uberaba

Água Comprida Campo Florido Conceição das Alagoas Conquista Delta Uberaba Veríssimo

Uberlândia

Araguari Araporã Canápolis Cascalho Rico Centralina Indianópolis Monte Alegre de Minas Prata Tupaciguara Uberlândia

Mesoregion Vale do Mucuri

Nanuque

Águas Formosas Bertópolis Carlos Chagas Crisólita Fronteira dos Vales Machacalis Nanuque Santa Helena de Minas Serra dos Aimorés Umburatiba

Teófilo Otoni

Ataléia Catuji Franciscópolis Frei Gaspar Itaipé Ladainha Malacacheta Novo Oriente de Minas Ouro Verde de Minas Pavão Poté Setubinha Teófilo Otoni

Mesoregion Zona da Mata

Cataguases

Além Paraíba Argirita Cataguases Dona Eusébia Estrela Dalva Itamarati de Minas Laranjal Leopoldina Palma Pirapetinga Recreio Santana de Cataguases Santo Antônio do Aventureiro Volta Grande

Juiz de Fora

Aracitaba Belmiro Braga Bias Fortes Bicas Chácara Chiador Coronel Pacheco Descoberto Ewbank da Câmara Goianá Guarará Juiz de Fora Lima Duarte Mar de Espanha Maripá de Minas Matias Barbosa Olaria Oliveira Fortes Paiva Pedro Teixeira Pequeri Piau Rio Novo Rio Preto Rochedo de Minas Santa Bárbara do Monte Verde Santa Rita de Ibitipoca Santa Rita de Jacutinga Santana do Deserto Santos Dumont São João Nepomuceno Senador Cortes Simão Pereira

Manhuaçu

Abre Campo Alto Caparaó Alto Jequitibá Caparaó Caputira Chalé Durandé Lajinha Luisburgo Manhuaçu Manhumirim Martins Soares Matipó Pedra Bonita Reduto Santa Margarida Santana do Manhuaçu São João do Manhuaçu São José do Mantimento Simonésia

Muriaé

Antônio Prado de Minas Barão de Monte Alto Caiana Carangola Divino Espera Feliz Eugenópolis Faria Lemos Fervedouro Miradouro Miraí Muriaé Orizânia Patrocínio
Patrocínio
do Muriaé Pedra Dourada Rosário da Limeira São Francisco do Glória São Sebastião da Vargem Alegre Tombos Vieiras

Ponte Nova

Acaiaca Barra Longa Dom Silvério Guaraciaba Jequeri Oratórios Piedade de Ponte Nova Ponte Nova Raul Soares Rio Casca Rio Doce Santa Cruz do Escalvado Santo Antônio do Grama São Pedro dos Ferros Sem-Peixe Sericita Urucânia Vermelho Novo

Ubá

Astolfo Dutra Divinésia Dores do Turvo Guarani Guidoval Guiricema Mercês Piraúba Rio Pomba Rodeiro São Geraldo Senador Firmino Silveirânia Tabuleiro Tocantins Ubá Visconde do Rio Branco

Viçosa

Alto Rio Doce Amparo do Serra Araponga Brás Pires Cajuri Canaã Cipotânea Coimbra Ervália Lamim Paula Cândido Pedra do Anta Piranga Porto
Porto
Firme Presidente Bernardes Rio Espera São Miguel do Anta Senhora de Oliveira Teixeiras Viçosa

Mesoregion Vale do Rio Doce

Aimorés

Aimorés Alvarenga Conceição de Ipanema Conselheiro Pena Cuparaque Goiabeira Ipanema Itueta Mutum Pocrane Resplendor Santa Rita do Itueto Taparuba

Caratinga

Bom Jesus do Galho Bugre Caratinga Córrego Novo Dom Cavati Entre Folhas Iapu Imbé de Minas Inhapim Ipaba Piedade de Caratinga Pingo-d'Água Santa Bárbara do Leste Santa Rita de Minas São Domingos das Dores São João do Oriente São Sebastião do Anta Tarumirim Ubaporanga Vargem Alegre

Governador Valadares

Alpercata Campanário Capitão Andrade Coroaci Divino das Laranjeiras Engenheiro Caldas Fernandes Tourinho Frei Inocêncio Galiléia Governador Valadares Itambacuri Itanhomi Jampruca Marilac Mathias Lobato Nacip Raydan Nova Módica Pescador São Geraldo da Piedade São Geraldo do Baixio São José da Safira São José do Divino Sobrália Tumiritinga Virgolândia

Guanhães

Braúnas Carmésia Coluna Divinolândia de Minas Dores de Guanhães Gonzaga Guanhães Materlândia Paulistas Sabinópolis Santa Efigênia de Minas São João Evangelista Sardoá Senhora do Porto Virginópolis

Ipatinga

Açucena Antônio Dias Belo Oriente Coronel Fabriciano Ipatinga Jaguaraçu Joanésia Marliéria Mesquita Naque Periquito Santana do Paraíso Timóteo

Mantena

Central de Minas Itabirinha Mantena Mendes Pimentel Nova Belém São Félix de Minas São João do Manteninha

Peçanha

Água Boa Cantagalo Frei Lagonegro José Raydan Peçanha Santa Maria do Suaçuí São José do Jacuri São Pedro do Suaçuí São Sebastião do Maranhão

v t e

Capitals of Brazilian states

Brasília
Brasília
(DF)

Northern

Belém
Belém
(PA) Boa Vista (RR) Macapá
Macapá
(AP) Manaus
Manaus
(AM) Palmas (TO) Porto
Porto
Velho (RO) Rio Branco (AC)

Northeast

Aracaju
Aracaju
(SE) Fortaleza
Fortaleza
(CE) João Pessoa (PB) Maceió
Maceió
(AL) Natal (RN) Recife
Recife
(PE) Salvador (BA) São Luís (MA) Teresina
Teresina
(PI)

Center-West

Campo Grande
Campo Grande
(MS) Cuiabá
Cuiabá
(MT) Goiânia
Goiânia
(GO)

Southeast

Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(MG) Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(RJ) São Paulo
São Paulo
(SP) Vitória (ES)

South

Curitiba
Curitiba
(PR) Florianópolis
Florianópolis
(SC) Porto
Porto
Alegre (RS)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247612493 GN

.