The Info List - Belém

(Brazilian Portuguese: [beˈlẽj];[1] Portuguese for Bethlehem), is a Brazilian city, the capital and largest city of the state of Pará
in the country's north. It is the gateway to the River Amazon with a busy port, airport, and bus/coach station. Belém
lies approximately 100 km upriver from the Atlantic Ocean, on the Pará
River, which is part of the greater Amazon River system, separated from the larger part of the Amazon delta by Ilha de Marajó (Marajo Island). With an estimated population of 1,439,561 people — or 2,249,405, considering its metropolitan area — it is the 11th most populous city in Brazil, as well as the 16th by economic relevance. It is the second largest in the North Region, second only to Manaus, in the state of Amazonas. Founded in 1616 by the Kingdom of Portugal, Belém
was the first European colony on the Amazon but did not become part of Brazil
until 1775. The newer part of the city has modern buildings and skyscrapers. The colonial portion retains the charm of tree-filled squares, churches and traditional blue tiles. The city has a rich history and architecture from colonial times. Recently it witnessed a skyscraper boom. Belém
is also known as the Metropolis of the Brazilian Amazon region or the Cidade das Mangueiras (City of Mango
Trees) due to the vast number of those trees found in the city. Brazilians often refer to the city as Belém
do Pará
(" Belém
of Pará") rather than just Belém, a reference to an earlier name for the city, Santa Maria de Belém
do Grão Pará, and also to differentiate it from Belém
(Bethlehem) in Palestine. Belém
is served by two airports: Val de Cães International Airport, which connects the city with the rest of Brazil
and other cities in South America, and Brig. Protásio de Oliveira Airport
Protásio de Oliveira Airport
(formerly called Júlio César Airport) dedicated to general aviation. The city is also home to the Federal University of Pará
and the Pará
State University.


1 Name 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Vegetation

4 Economy 5 Demographics 6 Education

6.1 Education institutions

7 Culture

7.1 Círio de Nazaré 7.2 Convention and Fair Centre of the Amazon 7.3 Architecture 7.4 Cuisine 7.5 World Social Forum 7.6 Sports

8 Tourism

8.1 Utinga State Park 8.2 Amazon Biopark Zoo 8.3 Rodrigues Alves Wood–Botanical Garden 8.4 The Estação das Docas Complex 8.5 Ver-o-Peso Market 8.6 Mosqueiro

9 Infrastructure

9.1 Airports 9.2 Highways 9.3 Waterways 9.4 Distances

10 Personalities 11 International relations 12 References 13 External links

Name[edit] The name Belém
is the Portuguese word for Bethlehem, the town where Christians believe Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
was born. The city had other names before eventually becoming Belém. History[edit]

Ver-o-Peso market.

In 1615, Portuguese captain-general Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco of the captaincy of Bahia
commanded a military expedition sent by the Governor General of Brazil
to check the trading excursions of foreigners (French, Dutch, English) up the river (Amazon) from the Cabo do Norte in Grão Pará. On January 12, 1616, he anchored in what is now known as Guajará Bay, formed by the confluence of the Para and Guama Rivers, called by the Tupinambás, "Guaçu Paraná". Caldeira mistook the bay for the main channel, and thirty leagues (178 km) upstream, he built a wooden fort, covered with straw, which he called "Presépio" (nativity scene), now known as"Forte do Castelo". The colony formed by the fort was given the name Feliz Lusitânia, "Happy Lusitania". It was the embryo of the future city of Belém. The fort failed to suppress Dutch and French trading, but did ward off colonization. Feliz Lusitânia was later called Nossa Senhora de Belém
do Grão Pará
(Our Lady of Bethlehem
of Grao-Para) and Santa Maria de Belém (St. Mary of Bethlehem). Belém
was given city status in 1655 and was made capital of the State when Pará
state was split off from Maranhão
in 1772. The early decades of the 19th century were marked by political instability. Uprisings and internecine strife finally ended in 1836, after considerable loss of life.[2] The sugar trade in the Belém
region was important up to the end of the 17th century. Thereafter the city's economic importance alternately rose and fell. Cattle ranching supplanted sugar until the 18th century, when cultivation of rice, cotton and coffee became profitable. With the settlement of southern Brazil, where such crops could be produced more efficiently, Belém
declined again. The city subsequently became the main exporting centre of the Amazon rubber industry, and by 1866 its position was further enhanced by the opening of the Amazon, Tocantins and Tapajós
rivers to navigation. The rubber era ended after the boom of 1910–12, but Belém
continued to be the main commercial centre of northern Brazil
and the entrepôt for the Amazon valley.[3] Geography[edit]

The city of Belém, capital of Pará, is full of indentations and recesses forming islands all around it. There are 55 of these islets, most of which are wild and uninhabitable, although some are home to small populations called ribeirinhos. These include the islands of Mosqueiro, fringed by 14 freshwater beaches, and Caratateua which receive a large number of visitors in summertime. In addition to these and also near Belém, is the island of Tatuoca which is the location of one of the seven geophysical stations in the world, and the only station in Latin America. Climate[edit] Belém
has a tropical rainforest climate (climate type Af), under Köppen’s Climate classification. In all 12 months of the year, the city on average sees more than 60 mm of rainfall, so the city has no true dry season month. However, Belém
features noticeably wetter and drier seasons. The wetter season spans from December through May, while the drier season covers the remaining six months of the year. Like many cities with a tropical rainforest climate, average temperatures vary little throughout the course of the year, generally hovering around 26.5 degrees Celsius. As one would expect, tropical rainforest is the natural vegetation in and around the city.

Climate data for Belém

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 35.9 (96.6) 34.8 (94.6) 37.3 (99.1) 35.0 (95) 34.0 (93.2) 35.0 (95) 35.3 (95.5) 35.5 (95.9) 34.0 (93.2) 35.0 (95) 35.0 (95) 37.0 (98.6) 37.3 (99.1)

Average high °C (°F) 30.9 (87.6) 30.5 (86.9) 30.4 (86.7) 30.8 (87.4) 31.3 (88.3) 31.7 (89.1) 31.7 (89.1) 32.1 (89.8) 32.1 (89.8) 32.2 (90) 32.3 (90.1) 31.9 (89.4) 31.5 (88.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6 (78.1) 25.4 (77.7) 25.5 (77.9) 25.6 (78.1) 25.8 (78.4) 26.0 (78.8) 25.7 (78.3) 26.0 (78.8) 26.0 (78.8) 26.4 (79.5) 26.5 (79.7) 26.2 (79.2) 25.9 (78.6)

Average low °C (°F) 22.1 (71.8) 22.2 (72) 22.4 (72.3) 22.6 (72.7) 22.6 (72.7) 22.1 (71.8) 21.7 (71.1) 21.7 (71.1) 21.7 (71.1) 21.6 (70.9) 21.9 (71.4) 22.0 (71.6) 22.1 (71.8)

Record low °C (°F) 19.4 (66.9) 18.8 (65.8) 19.8 (67.6) 19.2 (66.6) 19.8 (67.6) 19.8 (67.6) 14.0 (57.2) 18.5 (65.3) 18.8 (65.8) 18.9 (66) 18.6 (65.5) 19.0 (66.2) 14.0 (57.2)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 385.5 (15.177) 412.5 (16.24) 447.1 (17.602) 353.4 (13.913) 305.5 (12.028) 155.3 (6.114) 155.5 (6.122) 126.4 (4.976) 144.8 (5.701) 114.6 (4.512) 118.2 (4.654) 203.0 (7.992) 2,921.7 (115.028)

Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 24 24 26 24 23 16 15 12 15 12 13 17 221

Average relative humidity (%) 90 91 91 91 88 86 85 84 84 83 83 86 86.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 139.4 102.5 103.6 121.9 181.6 225.9 252.4 263.5 230.5 233.4 204.6 182.3 2,241.6

Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]


Vitória Régia
Vitória Régia
in Paraense Emílio Goeldi Museum

The Amazon represents more than half the planet's remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia.[13] As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. More than one-third of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest.[14] Economy[edit] The most valuable products now exported from the Amazon by way of Belém
are aluminium, iron ore, and other metals.,[15] nuts (chiefly Brazil
nuts), pineapples, cassava, jute, wood veneers, and hardwoods. Japanese immigration after the 1930s was an important factor in developing jute and black pepper, notably at Tomé-Açu, just south of Belém, and near Santarém.[16] Marajó
Island, the largest fluvial island in the world, which lies just across the Rio Pará
from Belém, has some livestock grazing.[17] Electricity is provided by the massive Tucuruí
Dam, some 300 km southwest of the city on the Tocantins River.[18] Demographics[edit] According to the IBGE of 2012, there were 2,079,699 people residing in the Metropolitan Region of Belém. The population density was 1,337.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,463/sq mi). The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 1,379,655 Pardo (brown) people (64.5%), 588,225 White (27.5%), 156,147 Black (7.3%), 14,973 Asian or Amerindian
people (0.7%).[19] According to an autosomal DNA genetic study from 2011, the ancestral composition of the population of Belém
is: 68.6% European ancestry, followed by 20.9% Amerindian
ancestry and 10.6% African ancestry.[20] Education[edit] Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. Education institutions[edit]

Universidade Federal do Pará
(UFPA); Universidade do Estado do Pará
(UEPA); Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia (UFRA); Universidade da Amazônia
Universidade da Amazônia
(UNAMA); Centro Universitário do Pará
(Cesupa); Amazon Valley Academy International School (AVA); Escola Superior da Amazônia (ESAMAZ); Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Pará


of Sé.

Círio de Nazaré[edit] On the second Sunday in October, Pará
celebrates the largest religious event in Brazil: the procession of the Círio of Nazaré. This tradition started when a farmer and lumberman called Plácido José de Souza found an image of the Virgin and Child on the edge of the Murucutu creek, where the Basilica of Our Lady of Nazareth of Exile stands today. He decided to take the image home. However, the image would mysteriously go back to the place where it was initially found every time he took it home. So Plácido decided to build a small chapel on the edge of the creek. This episode was regarded as miraculous throughout the region. It attracted hundreds of believers to see the image and pay homage to it. Since then, the Círio has been celebrated as a long procession lasting around five hours, in which thousands of people follow the statue through the streets of Belém. The Círio festival is regarded as the "Christmas of the Amazon" because everyone is involved in the arrangements to receive the saint. In early September, minor celebrations take place as a spiritual preparation for the Círio, with thousands of images scattered all over the capital and neighboring cities.

Círio de Nazaré celebration.

In time it became necessary to incorporate new elements into the tradition due to the people's desire to honor their patron saint. On the Saturday morning prior to the Círio procession the statue is taken to the square of Ananindeua, a nearby city, to begin a Road Pilgrimage to the Icoaraci pier for a Mass. The river pilgrimage then begins. It was created to honor the "water men" who regard the Virgin of Nazareth as their patron saint. There is a traditional ship contest to award the most originally decorated boat. When the Sacred Image leaves Icoaraci in a Navy Corvette, it is followed by dozens of boats and ships through the waters of Guajará Bay to the pier of Belém, from where it is escorted all the way to the Gentil Bittencourt School. The subsequent candle-lit procession symbolizes the story of the discovery of the Saint and its return to where it was found. The procession follows the Carriage, to which a huge rope is tied, which is carried by the faithful until the procession arrives at the Sé Cathedral.

Cord and procession.

During the procession, there is a fireworks show,sponsored by the Stevedores' Union, marking the passage of the Saint until its arrival at the Cathedral. At daybreak of the next day, the faithful start to gather at the Old City, believing that this will bring them closer to the Virgin. At 7 o'clock, the archbishop conducts the image to the carriage as bells toll and fireworks explode. The main procession then goes through the streets of the city to the Architectonic Centre of Nazareth, known for its Sanctuary Square. As it arrives at the square, the image is removed from the carriage for the celebration of a Mass and then lifted so that everybody will be blessed by the patron saint of Pará. The festivities last 15 days, with religious celebrations, like the Children's Círio, and its procession, held two Sundays after the Círio. The Re-Círio marks the end of the celebrations, with a shorter course back to the Gentil Bittencourt chapel. Convention and Fair Centre of the Amazon[edit] Built in a 23,000-square-metre area, the Hangar Convention and Fair Center of the Amazon has 12 rooms, ticket offices, baggage keeping, press room, and a food court, distributed in two big buildings with a parking lot for 800 vehicles. Genuine Amazonian trees will soon be planted in the outdoor area. With Hangar, Belém
joins the market for national conventions that take place in a different city each time, such as the Brazilian Computer Society Congress. National conventions had not been held in the Northern region previously. Hangar, whose auditorium has room for 2,160 participants, has some of the best technologies available in the world and is the most modern and functional space for events in the country. According to the Brazilian Association of Convention and Fair Centers (ABRACCEF), there are 17,500 events happening on average throughout the 53 main convention and exhibition centres of Brazil. These activities bring together approximately 28 million participants. Belém
has great potential for this type of tourism. Architecture[edit] In many ways, Belém's colonial architecture reflects the seventeenth-century architecture of Lisbon
in Portugal
which served as the inspiration for the main housing projects of the time, with the frequent use of tile-hung façades. Neoclassical architecture is also present in buildings such as the Theatro da Paz, built in 1874. Many of the buildings at the end of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century also echo French architecture. Belém
began with the narrow streets of the Cidade Velha (Old City), a district which still preserves some structures that the Portuguese colonials built here, places like Forte do Castelo, a fort built to defend the region against French, Dutch and British colonization attempts, and one of the first structures in the capital. The Ver-o-pêso market is the biggest open market in Latin America
Latin America
where you can find everything, from the most exotic fruit, to the scented baths. Cuisine[edit] The local Amerindian
culture extracts colors, scents, flavors, and native tastes from nature to produce a rich and exotic cuisine, adding up to the most authentic of regional cuisines. One such dish, "Cupuaçu", comes from the Cupuaçu tree, found in the Amazonian woods. Cupuaçu is easily identified by its smell and sour taste and is highly appreciated by both locals and tourists. Its pulp is also extracted to make juices, candies, jellies, liquors, and ice cream. Açaí is a palm tree with a long, thin stem. Açaí, also known as Jussara, is purple in color with a delicious taste. Long prized by the local population, it recently it has also reached the national menu. Freshwater crab, a traditional local delicacy, is a very popular dish in the city's cuisine. Found only in swamps, its well-tempered meat can be served in different forms: as a shell, the so-called unha (the claws) or toc-toc. "Maniçoba" is one of the highlights of the local cuisine. Its preparation is time-consuming and its final appearance is quite surprising for those who have never tried it, due to the dark look of the cooked maniva (ground manioc leaves). But this first impression ends quickly, after you taste the dish with its seemingly awkward ingredients. Maniçoba
is often served in ceramic dishes, and can be eaten with rice or with manioc flour and capsicum. World Social Forum[edit] The World Social Forum
World Social Forum
2009 took place from January 27 to February 1 in Belém. Sports[edit]

Estádio Olímpico do Pará
in Belém.

The three main football teams in Pará
are based in Belém: Remo, Paysandu and Tuna Luso. The Estádio Olímpico do Pará
is the biggest in the city and hosts 45,000 spectators, the stadium hosts the Grande Premio Brasil de Atletismo, that is part of the IAAF World Challenge. Tourism[edit] Belém
has a modern appearance with tree-lined streets, several plazas and public gardens, and many noteworthy buildings. The north's leading educational and cultural centre, it is the seat of a bishopric, and its cathedral (Igreja da Sé, founded in 1917) is one of Brazil's largest. Santo Alexandre, the oldest of Belém's churches, was built in 1616. The Museu (museum) Paraense Emílio Goeldi, the Teatro da Paz (a classical theatre), and the public library and archives are other notable institutions. The Universidade Federal do Pará
(1957), a teacher-training school, an agricultural institute, and an institute for research on tropical diseases are also in the city. The Ver-o-Peso (Portuguese: "see the weight") market in the old port centre is a major tourist attraction. The city is also home to a large football stadium, the Estádio Olímpico do Pará. Utinga State Park[edit] The municipality of Belém
contains 99% of the Utinga State Park, created in 1993 to protect the metropolitan area's water supply.[21] The park provides a space for healthy activities in contact with nature by local people, visitors or tourists.[22] It is just a few kilometers from the city center. There are eight trails, all providing direct contact with various species of flora and fauna. The most popular is the monkey trail, which takes about 40 minutes and goes from Bolonha lake to the visitor center, where other activities are available. Visitors can also learn about the water treatment plant that supplies Belém.[23] Amazon Biopark Zoo[edit] Located less than 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) from the center of Belém, in the Tenoné neighborhood, the Bioparque Amazônia Safari - Crocodilo Safari Zoo, is surrounded by forests, rivers and streams. Summary of the Amazon landscape with lush flora and fauna, the zoo has about 14 miles (23 kilometres) of trails in an area composed of four interconnected ecosystems. A large attractive Bioparque is the Museum of Paleontology and Malacology where visitors can watch a collection of three thousand pieces of exposed shells and mollusks collected from all continents. On site, you will also see paintings with motifs of cabloco Amazon. Bioparque The Amazon is a private investment, owner Jorge Arthur Aarão Monteiro, authorized and licensed by IBAMA to function as C class zoo, the only category of Pará
There are four different species of alligators in a population of thousands of individuals, highlighting açu for alligator, monkeys, anteaters, and the otters, hyacinth macaw, papagaios, tucannos, pacaranas, harpy eagle, among other animals.[24] Also see the city turistic website here.[25] Rodrigues Alves Wood–Botanical Garden[edit] Inspired by the Bois de Boulogne
Bois de Boulogne
Park in Paris, the Rodrigues Alves Wood is a little piece of Amazonia preserved in the middle of the city. Comprising 16 hectares, in the ample Avenida Almirante Barroso, one of the city's busiest thoroughfares, having 2,500 native species, an orchidary, lakes, caverns, waterfalls and even a replica of a mountain. There you can see small animals characteristic to the region, such as squirrel monkeys, agoutis and macaws. The Estação das Docas Complex[edit] The Estação das Docas Complex reopened the windows of Belém
to Guajará Bay. The restoration project covers the area of old warehouses of the Pará
Docks Company. Constructed from prefabricated metal structures in England and that were built at the beginning of the twentieth century in Belém.[26] There are eighteen thousand square metres (193,750 square feet) of urbanised area, with coffee bar services, various restaurants, stores, travel agencies, banks, in addition to an auditorium and two memorials: The Porto Memorial and the Fortaleza
de São Pedro Nolasco Memorial There is, also, a fluvial station and extensive external area. Ver-o-Peso Market[edit] Created in 1688, as a result of the Portuguese deciding to levy a tax for everything entering and leaving Amazonia. Despite resembling a large retailer, the mixture of colours, fragrances and objects is very interesting as well as folkloric[clarification needed]. Medicinal herbs, various regional fruits, arts and crafts, domestic utilities, meats, fish and seasonings and spices can be found there. The Market brings together two thousand stalls and traders in every part and is located near to the old Mercado de Ferro (Iron market), on the quays. Mosqueiro[edit] The river island of Mosqueiro, 67 km (42 mi) north of the heart of the city, attracts beach tourists in the dry season.[27] Infrastructure[edit] Airports[edit]

International Airport.

International Airport (Val de Cans) is the major airport serving the city of Belém. The building design uses plane curves on its roof to permit light to enter its entire large terminal hall. The architect Sérgio Parada used adopted multiple-use totems integrated with light projectors, a sound system, air conditioning, and public telephones. Currently Belém
International Airport serves 2.7 million passengers a year, in a constructed area of 33,255.17 square metres (357,955.67 square feet).[28] Traditionally called Val-de-Cães Airport, it is responsible for increasing tourism in the Amazon region, as well as for the outflow of products and attracting new investments. The passenger terminal is fully air conditioned on two levels and has "futuristic" architecture, designed to take advantage of natural lighting. People with special needs have individualized service with own equipment at specific locations to facilitate their access. The terminal's interior is decorated with plants native to the Amazon region and is enclosed by a source able to imitate the sound of the rains that fall every day in the region. The smaller Brig. Protásio de Oliveira Airport
Protásio de Oliveira Airport
(Júlio César) also administrated by Infraero, is used for general aviation. Highways[edit] BR-316
is the major access highway for those coming from the Northeastern Brazil. For visitors from the Southern, Southeastern, and Mid-Eastern Regions, the best route is BR-010, which originates in Brasília
in the South, and also PA-150, a route that links Belém
to Southern Pará. Waterways[edit] Belém
can be reached by the Tocantins River
Tocantins River
and Amazonas River
Amazonas River
and by the Atlantic Ocean. The city of Belém
has been referenced in the opening episode of the TV series No Ordinary Family, where Powell's go for a family vacation. Distances[edit]

São Paulo: 2,933 km (1,822 mi) Rio de Janeiro: 3,250 km (2,020 mi) Brasília: 2,132 km (1,325 mi) Manaus: 1,489 km (925 mi) Teresina: 923 km (574 mi) São Luís: 806 km (501 mi) Santarém, Pará: 807 km (501 mi) Florianópolis: 3,577 km (2,223 mi) Cuiabá: 2,970 km (1,850 mi) Belo Horizonte: 2,824 km (1,755 mi)


Benedito Nunes - philosopher Benedito José Nascimento - comic book artist Caroline Ribeiro
Caroline Ribeiro
- model Dira Paes
Dira Paes
- actress Fafá de Belém
Fafá de Belém
- singer Giovanni Silva de Oliveira
Giovanni Silva de Oliveira
- footballer Giuseppe Antonio Landi - architect Hélio Gracie - martial artist João Amazonas - Marxist theoretician João Clemente Baena Soares - diplomat Lyoto Machida
Lyoto Machida
- mixed martial artist Paulo Henrique Chagas de Lima
Paulo Henrique Chagas de Lima
- footballer Sócrates
- footballer and physician Leila Pinheiro
Leila Pinheiro
- singer Waldemar Henrique - composer Jane Duboc - singer Rosamaria Murtinho
Rosamaria Murtinho
- actress Cacá Carvalho - actor Gaby Amarantos
Gaby Amarantos
- singer Gaspar Viana - pathologist and researcher Thiago Castanho - chef Edyr Augusto Proença - writer André Lima
André Lima
- fashion designer Dener Pamplona de Abreu - fashion designer Lino Villaventura - fashion designer Inglês de Sousa - writer Sérgio Cardoso - actor Ismael Nery
Ismael Nery
- painter Olga Savary - writer Billy Blanco - musician, songwriter, author Jayme Ovalle - composer and poet Dona Onete
Dona Onete
- singer

The city of Belem seen from the River Guama.

International relations[edit] Belem has the following partnership cities:

Aveiro, Portugal Bethlehem, Palestine Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil Fort-de-France, Martinique, France Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil Nanyang, China


^ The European Portuguese
European Portuguese
pronunciation is [bɨˈlɐ̃j]. ^ History of Belém
Archived February 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Rubber era in Belém ^ "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Número de Dias com Precipitação Mayor
ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.  ^ "Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Retrieved August 19, 2014. [dead link] ^ "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Retrieved August 19, 2014. [dead link] ^ Turner, I. M. 2001. The ecology of trees in the tropical rainforest. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-80183-4 ^ Amazon Rainforest, Amazon Plants, Amazon River Animals ^ Metals in Belém ^ Japanese Immigration to Pará
and Belém
Archived February 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ About Marajó
Island ^ Tucuruí Dam
Tucuruí Dam
Archived July 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2008 (PDF) (in Portuguese). Belém, Brazil: IBGE. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2009-01-31.  ^ http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0017063 ^ Veríssimo, Adalberto; Santos, Daniel Conceição dos; Pereira, Jakeline Ramos (August 2013), Plano de Manejo do Parque Estadual do Utinga (PDF) (in Portuguese), Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente (SEMA), p. 30, retrieved 2016-12-05  ^ Apresentaçao (in Portuguese), SEMAS: Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade, retrieved 2016-12-05  ^ Parque do Utinga, em Belém, preserva belezas naturais da floresta (in Portuguese), 27 July 2013, retrieved 2016-12-05  ^ Amazon Biopark Zoo (Bioparque Amazônia) ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20131005012143/http://www.belemdopara.tur.br/atracoes-turisticas/347-bioparque-amaznia-crocodilo-safari-zoo.html ^ Estação das Docas ^ "Ilha de Mosqueiro". Facebook. Retrieved September 16, 2014.  ^ International Airport of Belém
Archived 2013-08-07 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]


Media related to Belém
at Wikimedia Commons Belém
travel guide from Wikivoyage Website with information, guides and tourist information about Belém (English) Website of festivals, events and cultural agenda of the City of Belém (English)

v t e

Municipalities of Pará

Capital: Belém

Mesoregion Baixo Amazonas


Almeirim Porto de Moz


Faro Juruti Óbidos Oriximiná Terra Santa


Alenquer Belterra Curuá Mojuí dos Campos Monte Alegre Placas Prainha Santarém

Mesoregion Marajó


Cachoeira do Arari Chaves Muaná Ponta de Pedras Salvaterra Santa Cruz do Arari Soure

Furos de Breves

Afuá Anajás Breves Curralinho São Sebastião da Boa Vista


Bagre Gurupá Melgaço Portel

Mesoregion Metropolitana de Belém


Ananindeua Barcarena Belém Benevides Marituba Santa Bárbara do Pará


Bujaru Castanhal Inhangapi Santa Isabel do Pará Santo Antônio do Tauá

Mesoregion Nordeste Paraense


Augusto Corrêa Bonito Bragança Capanema Igarapé-Açu Nova Timboteua Peixe-Boi Primavera Quatipuru Santa Maria do Pará Santarém Novo São Francisco do Pará Tracuateua


Abaetetuba Baião Cametá Igarapé-Miri Limoeiro do Ajuru Mocajuba Oeiras do Pará


Aurora do Pará Cachoeira do Piriá Capitão Poço Garrafão do Norte Ipixuna do Pará Irituia Mãe do Rio Nova Esperança do Piriá Ourém Santa Luzia do Pará São Domingos do Capim São Miguel do Guamá Viseu


Colares Curuçá Magalhães Barata Maracanã Marapanim Salinópolis São Caetano de Odivelas São João da Ponta São João de Pirabas Terra Alta Vigia


Acará Concórdia do Pará Moju Tailândia Tomé-Açu

Mesoregion Sudeste Paraense

Conceição do Araguaia

Conceição do Araguaia Floresta do Araguaia Santa Maria das Barreiras Santana do Araguaia


Brejo Grande do Araguaia Marabá Palestina do Pará São Domingos do Araguaia São João do Araguaia


Abel Figueiredo Bom Jesus do Tocantins Dom Eliseu Goianésia do Pará Paragominas Rondon do Pará Ulianópolis


Água Azul do Norte Canaã dos Carajás Curionópolis Eldorado dos Carajás Parauapebas


Pau d'Arco Piçarra Redenção Rio Maria São Geraldo do Araguaia Sapucaia Xinguara

São Félix do Xingu

Bannach Cumaru do Norte Ourilândia do Norte São Félix do Xingu Tucumã


Breu Branco Itupiranga Jacundá Nova Ipixuna Novo Repartimento Tucuruí

Mesoregion Sudoeste Paraense


Altamira Anapu Brasil Novo Medicilândia Pacajá Senador José Porfírio Uruará Vitória do Xingu


Aveiro Itaituba Jacareacanga Novo Progresso Rurópolis Trairão

v t e

Capitals of Brazilian states



(PA) Boa Vista (RR) Macapá
(AP) Manaus
(AM) Palmas (TO) Porto Velho
Porto Velho
(RO) Rio Branco (AC)


(SE) Fortaleza
(CE) João Pessoa (PB) Maceió
(AL) Natal (RN) Recife
(PE) Salvador (BA) São Luís (MA) Teresina


Campo Grande
Campo Grande
(MS) Cuiabá
(MT) Goiânia


Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte
(MG) Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
(RJ) São Paulo
São Paulo
(SP) Vitória (ES)


(PR) Florianópolis
(SC) Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre

Authority control