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Bechtel
Bechtel
Corporation ( Bechtel
Bechtel
Group, Inc.) is an engineering, procurement, construction, and project management company.[3][4] It is the largest construction company in the United States[5] and the 8th-largest privately owned American company in 2017.[6] Its headquarters are in the South of Market, San Francisco.[7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Founding and early years 1.2 WWII, overseas expansion and the nuclear age 1.3 Megaprojects era 1.4 Increased business and visibility

2 Locations and operational activities

2.1 Infrastructure 2.2 Mining & Metals 2.3 Oil, Gas & Chemicals 2.4 Nuclear, Security, & Environmental

3 Management 4 Financials and rankings 5 Major projects 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History[edit] Founding and early years[edit] Bechtel's business activities began in 1898 when cattle farmer Warren A. Bechtel
Bechtel
moved from Peabody, Kansas, to the Oklahoma Territory
Oklahoma Territory
to construct railroads with his own team of mules.[8][9] Bechtel
Bechtel
moved his family frequently between construction sites around the western United States
United States
for the next several years, eventually moving to Oakland, California
California
in 1904, where he worked as the superintendent on the Western Pacific Railroad.[8] In 1906, W. A. Bechtel
Bechtel
won his first subcontract to build part of the Oroville-to-Oakland section of the Western Pacific Railroad.[8] That same year, he bought his own steam shovel, becoming a pioneer of the new technology.[10][11] He painted "W.A. Bechtel
Bechtel
Co." on the side of the steam shovel, effectively establishing Bechtel
Bechtel
as a company, though it was not yet incorporated.[9] Bechtel
Bechtel
completed work on a series of railroad contracts during the early 1900s, culminating in an extension of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad finished in 1914.[8] Starting with the construction of Klamath River Highway
Highway
in California in 1919, Bechtel
Bechtel
ventured into jobs outside of building railroads. The company built roads, bridges, and highways throughout the western United States. The company worked on its first hydroelectric projects in the 1920s for Pacific Gas and Electric Company
Pacific Gas and Electric Company
in California.[10][11][12] By the time Bechtel
Bechtel
incorporated in 1925, it was the leading construction company in the western United States.[8][13] In 1929, Warren's son, Stephen, urged his father to take on the company's first pipeline project. Bechtel
Bechtel
began working with California
California
Standard Oil Company to build pipelines and refineries.[12][14][15] In January 1931, Bechtel
Bechtel
joined other contractors in the west to form Six Companies, Inc., a consortium created to bid for a contract from the US government to construct the Hoover Dam. Six Companies won the bid in March and construction on the dam began in the summer of 1931.[9][10] WWII, overseas expansion and the nuclear age[edit] Warren Bechtel
Bechtel
died unexpectedly in 1933 while in Moscow
Moscow
on business. He was succeeded by his son, Stephen Bechtel, Sr., who became both the head of Bechtel
Bechtel
and chief executive of the Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam
project. Under his leadership, the Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam
was finished in 1935. The project was the largest of its kind in US history at the time and Bechtel's first megaproject.[11][15][16] During World War II, the United States
United States
Maritime Commission invited the company to bid for a contract to build half of their order of 60 cargo ships. The company had no prior experience in shipbuilding, but bid for the entire 60 ships.[15][17] Between 1941 and 1945, Bechtel's wartime shipyards, including Marinship
Marinship
and Calship, built 560 vessels. Bechtel
Bechtel
also worked on a pipeline from the Yukon
Yukon
to Alaska
Alaska
called Canol for the United States
United States
Department of War during this time period.[18] Under Stephen Bechtel, Sr., the company diversified its projects and expanded its work into other countries. The company also focused on turnkey projects, a concept Stephen Bechtel, Sr. pioneered, in which Bechtel
Bechtel
handled a project from planning and design through construction.[15][18][19] Bechtel’s first job outside the US was building the Mene Grande pipeline in Venezuela
Venezuela
in 1940. In 1947, Bechtel
Bechtel
began construction on what was then the world's longest oil pipeline, the Trans-Arabian Pipeline, which began in Saudi Arabia, ran across Jordan
Jordan
and Syria, and ended in Lebanon.[15][17][20] The company continued to expand globally throughout the 1940s, particularly in the Middle East.[13][17] In 1949, Bechtel
Bechtel
began working with nuclear power after being contracted to build the Experimental Breeder Reactor I
Experimental Breeder Reactor I
in Idaho. The company later built the United States' first privately financed commercial nuclear power plant, the Dresden Generating Station, for Commonwealth Edison
Commonwealth Edison
in Illinois
Illinois
in 1957.[12][21][22] Other major projects in the 1950s included the Trans Mountain Pipeline in 1952, an oil pipeline in Canada, and a preliminary study for the English Channel
English Channel
in 1959.[12][18][23] Bechtel
Bechtel
also began engineering work on the Bay Area Rapid Transit
Bay Area Rapid Transit
(BART) system in 1959.[12][16] Megaprojects era[edit] Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. took over for his father as president of the company as Stephen Bechtel, Sr. retired in 1960.[16][19][24] During the 1960s and 1970s, Bechtel
Bechtel
was involved in constructing 40 percent of the nuclear plants in the United States.[24] In 1968, the company completed the largest nuclear plant in the US at the time, the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, in California.[8][25] In 1972, Bechtel
Bechtel
was involved in approximately 20 percent of all of the United States' new power-generating capacity.[19] By the end of the decade, the company had moved from nuclear power construction toward nuclear cleanup projects, including Three Mile Island
Three Mile Island
in 1979.[12][24] Bechtel
Bechtel
completed work on other megaprojects during the 1970s, including major airports in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and the metro rail in Washington, D.C.[12][18] In 1976, the company began work on the industrial city of Jubail
Jubail
in Saudi Arabia. The company's multiple construction contracts helped to transform the area from a small village to a city with a population of over a quarter of a million people.[13][24] In the 1980s, Bechtel
Bechtel
handled the project management of the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Olympics.[26] The company also built the Ankara-Gerede Motorway in Turkey
Turkey
as part of the network of roadways linking Europe and Asia
Asia
in 1986.[27] In 1987, Bechtel
Bechtel
was awarded a contract for project management services of an undersea tunnel linking the UK and France
France
called the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
or "Chunnel." The tunnel was completed in 1994.[8][28] Increased business and visibility[edit] The recession of the 1980s turned the company’s focus toward new areas of growth including environmental cleanup and alternative energy projects.[24][29] In 1989 Riley P. Bechtel was named president of the company.[16] In 1991, Bechtel, in a joint venture with Parsons Brinckerhoff, broke ground on Boston's Central Artery/Tunnel Project or "Big Dig," a project the company had been in charge of since 1986.[30][31] The Big Dig was, at the time, the largest and most complex urban transportation project ever undertaken in the United States. The 20-year project was critiqued for rising costs and an increasing scope of work, as the Big Dig
Big Dig
became more complex than was originally estimated. Criticism of the project increased in 2005 when a leak sprang in one of the new tunnels. In the summer of 2006, a faulty tunnel ceiling panel collapsed, killing a motorist.[30] Litigation ensued, and in January 2008, Bechtel
Bechtel
settled with federal and state officials for $352 million with other contractors involved paying smaller amounts.[32] As a result of the Gulf war, Bechtel
Bechtel
took on the task of extinguishing oil well fires in Kuwait
Kuwait
in 1991. This was part of the overall effort to rebuild the infrastructure of Kuwait.[16][24] In 1994, Bechtel
Bechtel
began work on the US$20 billion Hong Kong Airport Core Programme, which was the largest civil engineering project at the time and included a new airport and nine other infrastructure projects.[33][34] Bechtel's other major projects during the 1990s included the Athens Metro
Athens Metro
system,[15] the Atlantic LNG in Trinidad,[27] the Croatian Motorway,[35] the Jubilee Line Extension for the London
London
Underground, Quezon Power Plant in the Philippines,[36] and a semiconductor plant in China.[37][38][39] Bechtel
Bechtel
also managed design and construction of facilities for Olympic games: the 1992 Barcelona Summer Olympics,[26] and the Winter games in Nagano, Japan in 1998.[40] In the early 2000s, the company provided planning and management services for the 2002 Winter Olympics
2002 Winter Olympics
in Salt Lake City.[26] In 2001, Bechtel
Bechtel
was part of a consortium to project manage the US$4.3 billion construction of the CSPC Nanhai Petrochemicals Complex in China.[41] Several projects in the 2000s attracted controversy.[42] In 2000, after a protest against water prices being raised by a utility partially owned by Bechtel
Bechtel
in Bolivia, the company pulled out of the country and later filed suit against Bolivia
Bolivia
for $25 million in losses. The claim was settled in 2006 for $0.30.[42][43] In 2001, Bechtel
Bechtel
began work on the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant at the Hanford site
Hanford site
in Washington state.[44] The project is a highly complex plant for the treatment of radioactive liquid waste that has employed new technologies and construction techniques that are the first of their kind. As of 2013, it is considered the most complex project in the United States.[44][45] Management of the project has been the subject of controversy including Department of Energy's Inspector General reports and Government Accountability Office
Government Accountability Office
studies regarding rising costs, nuclear safety and quality, and whistleblower allegations. For example, in 2013 the DOE Inspector General concluded that "Bechtel determined that there was a systemic problem and a breakdown in controls over the review of design changes", but that the company had taken steps to correct the problems.[46][47] In 2003, Bechtel
Bechtel
won a $680 million contract to begin rebuilding infrastructure in Iraq for U.S. Agency for International Development. The contract led to the company being accused of both non-competitive bidding and war profiteering.[42] Bechtel
Bechtel
won a competitively-bid second contract in January 2004,[48] and completed 97 of 99 task orders of the contract, returning the two remaining projects due to the escalating security concerns in the country.[49] Following Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
in 2005, Bechtel
Bechtel
was one of four companies hired by FEMA to build temporary housing.[30] Bechtel
Bechtel
delivered over 35,000 trailers in under a year for displaced residents in Mississippi, though the company was criticized by officials and in the media for the cost and quality of work.[50] In 2007, Bechtel
Bechtel
began work on the Romanian A3 motorway (Autostrada Transilvania) and Albanian motorways. Bechtel
Bechtel
and the Romanian National Roads Authority jointly agreed on a settlement to end the contract for works on the Autostrada Transilvania in 2013. The Albanian Motorway was opened to traffic in 2010 on schedule.[51][52] Other major projects at the end of the 2000s included the Tacoma Narrows Bridge
Bridge
in Washington state,[53] Jamnagar Refinery
Jamnagar Refinery
expansion in India,[54] Equatorial GuineaLNG,[55] and Oak Creek Power Plant
Oak Creek Power Plant
in Wisconsin.[56] Locations and operational activities[edit] Bechtel's major operational locations are in Cairo, Egypt
Cairo, Egypt
,[57] Brisbane, Australia
Australia
,[58] Calgary, Canada,[59] Dubai, U.A.E,[60][61] Frederick, Maryland,[62] Houston, Texas,[63] London, UK,[64] New Delhi, India,[65] Reston, Virginia,[66] San Francisco, California,[67] Santiago, Chile,[68] Shanghai, China, Nairobi, Kenya, Taipei, Taiwan,[69] and Washington, D.C., USA.[70] The company's main headquarters are located at its San Francisco office,[66] while the Reston office houses the company's global operational headquarters,[62] as well as the headquarters of the Nuclear, Security & Environmental global business unit and the North American offices of the Infrastructure
Infrastructure
global business unit.[71][72] The company's Oil, Gas & Chemicals unit is based in the Houston
Houston
office.[73] The Washington office maintains both a Political Action Committee and a lobbying program.[74] Outside of North America, the Infrastructure
Infrastructure
unit’s headquarters is located at the company’s London
London
office.[75] The Mining & Metals unit is headquartered at the company’s Brisbane
Brisbane
office[76] and also maintains operations in Santiago
Santiago
and Dubai.[60][77][78] In 2013, the company established its global center of engineering excellence in Dubai
Dubai
focusing on rail and marine projects.[61][79] It established innovation centers in Houston
Houston
and London
London
in 2015 to test new technology.[80] Bechtel
Bechtel
works on global megaprojects through its four business units.[81] The company frequently manages work from design through construction phases.[82][83][84] Its corporate values include safety, quality, and ethics.[67][84][85] Infrastructure[edit] The Infrastructure
Infrastructure
unit handles transportation, fossil and renewable power, transmission and communications.[86] Infrastructure
Infrastructure
projects include highways and bridges, rail, ports, and aviation projects, as well as hydroelectric facilities.[87] Bechtel
Bechtel
has built more than 17,200 miles (27,700 km) of roadway, 390 individual power plants, 50 hydroelectric plants,[88] as well as 20 towns and cities globally.[81] It has worked on 300 subway and rail projects, 80 port and harbor projects, and 96 major airport projects.[88][89] Bechtel's Infrastructure
Infrastructure
unit is leading a consortium in the engineering, procurement and construction of the lines One and Two of the Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
metro, which began construction in April 2014.[90][91] Bechtel
Bechtel
is also participating in the building of London's Crossrail, a $24 billion project that will connect commuter towns east and west of London
London
and is intended to serve an estimated 200 million people a year upon completion.[92][93] As of June 2015, the project is 65% complete.[94] Since 2015, it has been overseeing the project management of the Spadina subway extension for the Toronto Transit Commission.[95] In 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
began construction on the first stage of the Edmonton Valley Line Light Rail Transit project in Alberta, Canada, the first under P3 (private-public partnership) business group.[96] The unit is involved in several ongoing projects as of 2016, including building national infrastructure in Gabon[97] and the continuous development of Jubail
Jubail
in Saudi Arabia.[98] It is also building projects for Google Fiber
Google Fiber
in several markets in the Southeastern U.S.[99][100][101] Power projects in 2016 include natural gas-fired combined cycle facilities for Panda Power Funds: the Panda Hummel Station Power Plant in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and the Stonewall Energy Center in Virginia.[102][103] For Advanced Power, Bechtel
Bechtel
is working on three combined cycle plants, South Field Energy and Carroll County Energy in Ohio,[104] and Cricket Valley Energy in New York.[105] It is also building the Keeyask Generating Station, a hydroelectric power plant for Manitoba Hydro
Manitoba Hydro
in Manitoba, Canada.[106] Among recently completed projects, Bechtel
Bechtel
finalized Phase I of an extension of the Dulles Corridor Metrorail in Northern Virginia[84][107] and completed the Hamad International Airport
Hamad International Airport
in Doha, Qatar
Qatar
in 2014.[60][108] It completed a 17.4 kilometres (10.8 mi) four-lane motorway in Kosovo, which was finished a year ahead of schedule in November 2013,[109] and was selected to build a new 37-mile motorway linking Kosovo's capital, Pristina, to Macedonia.[110] Bechtel's completed renewable projects include the world's largest solar thermal project, the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System
Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System
in California, which began producing power in February 2014 and has the capacity to double solar thermal power production in the United States.[111][112] The unit also completed the Catalina Solar photovoltaic generating facility and the construction of the California
California
Valley Solar Ranch in 2013.[113][114] In August 2013, the unit completed the Hanna Region Transmission Development, a power transmission project in Canada, which included 1,200 new transmission towers and 219 kilometres (136 mi) of transmission lines.[115] Mining & Metals[edit] The Mining & Metals (M&M) unit works on projects related to the mining and production of materials such as aluminum, coal, copper, iron ore, alumina and other metals and minerals. The unit operates on six continents and has completed hundreds of major mining projects as well as more than 1,000 mining studies.[116][117] It has also finished 42 major copper projects, 30 aluminum smelters, 15 major coal projects, and eight alumina refinery projects.[88] In 2013, the unit completed construction of Saudi Arabia's first aluminum smelter in Ras Al-Khair,[116] the Daunia coal mine in Queensland, Australia,[118] and the expansion of the Kooragang Coal Terminal in Port
Port
Waratah in Australia, increasing capacity to 145 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa).[119] That same year, M&M was chosen to provide the engineering, procurement, and construction of a water system and desalination plant for the Escondida
Escondida
copper mine in Chile.[116] In 2014, M&M completed the Caval Ridge coal mine in Queensland,[120] and began operations at Escondida’s OLAP copper cathode project, which consisted of a new dynamic leaching pad and a mineral handling system.[121] In 2015, the unit completed the Las Bambas copper concentrator in Peru for MMG,[122] the Kitimat
Kitimat
aluminum smelter in Canada
Canada
for Rio Tinto Group.,[123] and the Escondida
Escondida
Organic Growth Project 1 (OGP1), the largest single-line copper concentrator ever built.[116] It also completed a third berth for the BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) at Hay Point Coal
Coal
Terminal in Queensland, Australia, which increased export capacity from the existing 44 Mtpa to 55 Mtpa.[124] Bechtel
Bechtel
began building the Al Taweelah alumina refinery (formerly Shaheen) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
for Emirates Global Aluminium (EGA) in 2015.[125][126] In April 2016, Aluminium Bahrain
Aluminium Bahrain
(Alba) announced that Bechtel
Bechtel
had been appointed Engineering, Procurement, and Construction
Construction
Management (EPCM) contractor for the company’s Line 6 Expansion Project. The initiative will make Alba the world’s largest single-site aluminum smelter upon completion, boosting production to 1.5 Mtpa.[127] That same month, Rio Tinto announced that Kitimat
Kitimat
had reached full production levels of 420,000 tpa,[128] while Las Bambas achieved commercial production in July 2016.[129] As of 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
is advancing the Amrun bauxite initiative for Rio Tinto in Australia, which announced project approval in November 2015.[130] Oil, Gas & Chemicals[edit] The Oil
Oil
Gas & Chemical unit designs and builds liquefied natural gas (LNG), oil, pipeline, petrochemicals, and natural gas facilities.[69][131][132] Since the company's founding, it has built approximately 50,000 miles (80,000 km) of pipeline systems, more than 50 major oil and gas field developments, and completed over 380 major chemical and petrochemical projects.[88] The unit also constructs and tests tanks for LNG storage.[133] Bechtel
Bechtel
is overseeing a third of the world’s LNG liquefaction capacity under construction.[134] Since 2011 the unit has been building three LNG plants on Curtis Island in Queensland, Australia.[135] It completed the first of six trains in January 2016,[136] and the project was named a 2016 Global Best Projects by Engineering
Engineering
News-Record in the category of "Power/Industrial".[137] The unit is also constructing the Wheatstone project, a two-train LNG plant that is one of Australia's largest energy resource efforts.[83][138] Bechtel
Bechtel
is responsible for the engineering, procurement and construction of five LNG trains for the Sabine Pass
Sabine Pass
Liquefaction project in Louisiana.[139] The initial cargo from the first completed train was delivered in 2016.[140] As of 2016 the unit has completed approximately 36% of an LNG project in Corpus Christi, Texas, which includes three LNG trains, three LNG storage tanks, and two berths.[141][142] In May 2013, the unit was awarded a contract for the front-end engineering design of the Pacific NorthWest LNG in Vancouver, BC.[143] In March 2014, the unit was awarded a contract to construct facilities in Georgia for the Shah Deniz II gas field in Azerbaijan.[132] In August 2015, Bechtel
Bechtel
was contracted by Delfin LNG, to provide front-end engineering and design for a planned floating LNG vessel at Port
Port
Delfin off the coastline of Louisiana, which would be the first in the U.S.[144] Also in 2015, the unit was awarded a contract to manage the engineering, procurement, and construction of 12 new natural-gas pipelines in Thailand.[145] In June 2013, Bechtel
Bechtel
was named the project manager of a megapetrochemical complex in Qatar
Qatar
at the Ras Laffan Industrial City.[146] The company was part of a consortium selected by PTT GC America in 2015 to provide front-end engineering and design for a new petrochemical complex in Belmont County, Ohio.[147] It is also the lead contractor for a Shell petrochemical plant in Beaver County, Pennsylvania.[148] Bechtel's technology was licensed for facility upgrades at the Rijeka Refinery in Croatia
Croatia
in February 2014.[149] In 2016, the unit was contracted by the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation to design an upgrade to the coker unit at the Assiut refinery in Egypt
Egypt
using its ThruPlus technology.[150] Also in 2016, it was awarded a contract to upgrade a refinery in Beaumont, Texas
Beaumont, Texas
for ExxonMobil, using ExxonMobil's proprietary SCANfining technology.[151] Nuclear, Security, & Environmental[edit] The Nuclear, Security, & Environmental unit handles the company’s government work and commercial nuclear businesses.[86] The unit supports U.S. and international governmental organizations including the U.S. Departments of Defense and Energy.[152][153] Since the 1950s, Bechtel
Bechtel
has designed, serviced, or delivered 80 percent of all nuclear plants in the U.S.[88] As of 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
leads a consortium that manages three national security-related facilities in the U.S.: the Los Alamos National Laboratory the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
and the combined Y-12 National Security Complex/Pantex Plant.[153][154] Bechtel
Bechtel
won numerous sustainability awards for its work with these facilities from the National Nuclear Security Administration, including twelve in 2016.[155][156] Bechtel
Bechtel
has been contracted to manage the United States
United States
Navy's nuclear propulsion research facilities since 2011.[153] In June 2013 the unit completed design and construction on a U.S. Missile Defense Agency project at Fort Greely, Alaska, which included three missile fields and forty silos.[157] In 2014 the U.K. Ministry of Defence selected Bechtel
Bechtel
to support the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and Air Force on procurement and managed support services.[158] Additionally, in 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
began providing testing and operations for the Arnold Engineering Development Complex at the Arnold Air Force Base
Arnold Air Force Base
in Tennessee.[159] Other government work includes the construction of the facilities to treat the liquid radioactive waste stored underground at the Department of Energy's Hanford nuclear waste site in Washington. The unit also manages U.S. Department of Defense contracts to dismantle and dispose of stored chemical weapons, including decades-old mustard and nerve gas from World War II.[70][160][161] It completed the construction of the Blue Grass Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant as part of this work in 2015.[162] Since May 2012, Bechtel
Bechtel
has been part of a consortium completing the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement, a structure that will safely confine the damaged Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor Number 4.[163] As of 2016, It is a partner in Savannah River Remediation, the liquid waste contractor for the Savannah River Site in South Carolina.[164] In 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
completed work on Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley Authority's Watts Bar 2 nuclear reactor.[165][166] It has been fulfilling an engineering, procurement and construction contract to replace three steam generators at the Beaver Valley Nuclear Generating Station
Beaver Valley Nuclear Generating Station
in Shippingport, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
since 2013.[167] In May 2016, a joint venture including Bechtel
Bechtel
won a contract to conduct front-end engineering and design for the eventual construction of Wylfa Newydd, a nuclear power station in Wales
Wales
for Horizon Nuclear Power.[168] Management[edit] Brendan Bechtel is CEO and Chairman
Chairman
and is the fifth generation of the Bechtel
Bechtel
family to lead the company.[169] Jack Futcher is president and chief operating officer.[170] Peter Dawson has been chief financial officer since 2014.[171] Several high-ranking Bechtel
Bechtel
executives at times held important positions in the United States
United States
government. Notably, Reagan's cabinet had two former Bechtel
Bechtel
executives: Caspar Weinberger
Caspar Weinberger
and George Shultz, serving as Secretary of Defense and Secretary of State respectively.[172] Financials and rankings[edit] In 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
ranked ninth on Forbes' list of America's Largest Private Companies by revenue,[173] and it was ranked 7th on Fortune's list of the 25 Most Important Private Companies.[174] It has been named the top U.S. Contractor by revenue by Engineering
Engineering
News-Record for eighteen years in a row and ranked third on the publication's Top 250 International Contractors list by revenue for 2015.[175][176] Major projects[edit]

Name Image Description

Hoover Dam

Arch-gravity dam
Arch-gravity dam
in the Black Canyon of the Colorado
Black Canyon of the Colorado
River commissioned by the Bureau of Reclamation
Bureau of Reclamation
to control flooding and provide water and hydroelectric power to the Southwestern United States and California.[177] At the time of construction, it was the world's biggest dam and the largest public works project in the history of the U.S.[15][177] Bechtel
Bechtel
bid on the project as part of Six Companies, Inc., a group of several smaller contractors. Bechtel
Bechtel
led construction from 1931 until completion in 1935.[9] The Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam
was Bechtel's first megaproject.[16]

Bay Area Rapid Transit
Bay Area Rapid Transit
(BART)

Public transportation
Public transportation
system for San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area. Bechtel engineered, designed, and built BART for the Bay Area Rapid Transit District through a joint venture called Parsons-Brinkerhoff-Tudor-Bechtel. Construction
Construction
began in 1964 and was completed in 1976.[153][178]

Jubail
Jubail
Industrial City

Largest industrial city in the Middle East
Middle East
and the largest construction engineering project in the world.[153][179] Bechtel
Bechtel
has been overseeing construction since the project's inception in the mid-1970s.[153] The city has been built from a master plan designed by Bechtel
Bechtel
and encompasses infrastructure to support 19 primary industries, and produce oil and gas-based products including refined oil, petrochemicals, steel, glass and aluminium. Bechtel
Bechtel
has also built housing, retail space, mosques, schools, clinics, and fire stations. Bechtel
Bechtel
began construction on an expansion to the city, called Jubail
Jubail
Industrial City II, in 2006.[179]

Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
(Chunnel)

32-mile undersea tunnel connecting the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and France considered by the American Society of Civil Engineers
American Society of Civil Engineers
to be one of the "Seven Wonders of the Modern World".[180] Bechtel
Bechtel
was chosen to manage the project by Eurotunnel
Eurotunnel
in 1987. Construction
Construction
lasted from 1988 to 1994.[181]

Kuwait
Kuwait
Oil
Oil
Field Restoration

Following the Gulf War, Bechtel
Bechtel
was contracted to lead a team to restore oil fields damaged by Iraqi forces, including repairing 749 wells, of which 650 of which were on fire. Bechtel
Bechtel
completed the task in eight months and under budget.[182]

Boston Central Artery/Tunnel

Section of Interstate 93
Interstate 93
that runs through downtown Boston, Massachusetts. Bechtel
Bechtel
and Parsons Brinckerhoff
Parsons Brinckerhoff
jointly supervised the planning and construction that re-routed and rebuilt the Central Artery from an elevated roadway to a series of underground tunnels.[183] Planning began in 1982 and construction lasted from 1991 to 2006, approximately ten years longer than initially planned.[184] Also known as "Big Dig", the project included construction of the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge, the widest cable-stayed bridge in the world,[183] and an underwater tunnel that traverses the Boston Harbor
Boston Harbor
and connects downtown Boston with Logan International Airport.[183] The megaproject was considered the most complex and expensive highway project in United States
United States
history.[184][185]

High Speed 1

High-speed railway that connects London
London
with the Channel Tunnel. Originally called the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
Rail Link (CTRL), Bechtel
Bechtel
led the London
London
and Continental Railways consortium of companies in the design, project management, and construction of the railway, including a renovation of the St Pancras railway station.[12][181] The group was selected by the UK government in 1996 and construction was completed in 2007. High Speed 1
High Speed 1
is considered the "UK's first truly high speed rail line".[12]

Athens
Athens
Metro

Rapid transit system in Athens, Greece. Bechtel
Bechtel
led a consortium that built two new lines, including 17 miles of rail expansion and two stations prior to the 2004 Summer Olympics.[12] The company also worked with Greece's Ministry of Culture and Sports to ensure unearthed archaeological artifacts were preserved.[153] It's estimated that the system reduced traffic by between 200,00 and 375,000 cars.[12][153]

Chernobyl Shelter Stabilization and New Safe Confinement

Structure to confine the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
in Ukraine, which exploded in 1986 in the worst nuclear accident in history.[153] The confinement is designed to last 100 years and replaces the original "sarcophagus" erected to contain radiation following the Chernobyl disaster.[186] Bechtel
Bechtel
began repairs in 1998 and is now part of the team overseeing construction of the arch, which is planned to be installed over Unit 4 of the reactor in 2017.[186][187]

Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant

Vitrification
Vitrification
plant to process radioactive waste at the Hanford site in Washington into a stable form that can be safely disposed. Bechtel was selected by the United States
United States
Department of Energy to lead the team designing, constructing, and commissioning the plant,[188] which is expected be the largest of its kind.[189] Work began in 2001, but the project had significant delays due to technical problems and design issues.[188] As of 2016, operations for processing "low-activity" waste are scheduled to begin as early as 2022.[189]

Tacoma Narrows Bridge

Suspension bridge
Suspension bridge
crossing the Puget Sound
Puget Sound
in Tacoma, Washington. The original Tacoma Narrows Bridge
Tacoma Narrows Bridge
was built in the 1960s. Bechtel
Bechtel
was selected with Peter Kiewit and Sons by the Washington State Department of Transportation to build a second, parallel bridge to accommodate increased traffic.[190] Construction
Construction
began in 2002 and was completed in 2007. It was the largest American bridge built since the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
Bridge
in 1964.[190][191]

Sabine Pass
Sabine Pass
LNG

Facility of six LNG trains currently in development and a regasification plant at Sabine Pass
Sabine Pass
in Louisiana. Bechtel
Bechtel
is working on the project for Cheniere Energy Partners. Between 2005 and 2009, Bechtel
Bechtel
built the regasification terminal. As of 2016, Trains 1 and 2 are complete, and the other trains are at varying levels of construction.[192]

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

U.S. research facilities that focus on nuclear weapons and national security. Bechtel
Bechtel
has managed both laboratories in a joint venture with the University of California
California
and other organizations since 2006 under contracts with the Department of Energy.[153]

Watts Bar Nuclear Generating Station
Watts Bar Nuclear Generating Station
completion

Nuclear power
Nuclear power
plant in Tennessee
Tennessee
made up of two reactors used for electric power generation. In 2007, Bechtel
Bechtel
was chosen by the Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley Authority to complete the second unit, which had stopped construction in 1985. Watts Bar Unit 2 was completed in 2015. It was the first nuclear reactor to come online in the United States since 1996.[193]

Crossrail

Commuter rail
Commuter rail
linking Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
to central London
London
and providing connections to the city and suburbs.[153] Bechtel
Bechtel
is part of a team of companies overseeing construction. Development began in 2009 and tunneling was completed in 2015. The Crossrail
Crossrail
is the largest infrastructure project in Europe, and it will serve an estimated 1.5 million people upon completion.[194]

Gabon
Gabon
National Infrastructure

Master plan for infrastructure development in Gabon. Called “Le Gabon
Gabon
Émergent”, the plan was created by Bechtel
Bechtel
and President Ali Bongo Ondimba in 2010. Its goal is to invest $25 billion in new infrastructure by 2025.[195][196] Bechtel
Bechtel
established the country's National Infrastructure
Infrastructure
Agency and is overseeing all public works projects in the country through 2016, including in the areas of education, housing, and transport.[196]

Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System

Solar thermal power plant located in the Mojave desert
Mojave desert
in California. The plant was developed and designed by BrightSource Energy, which brought in Bechtel
Bechtel
to construct the plant between 2009 and 2014. Bechtel
Bechtel
was also an investor in the project. Ivanpah uses heat-generating mirrors that create steam, powering turbines that produce electricity. It is the largest operating solar farm in the world.[153][197]

Curtis Island LNG

Three liquefied natural gas plants on Curtis Island in Queensland, Australia. Bechtel
Bechtel
was contracted to design and build the LNGs for three separate joint ventures. Upon completion, the trains will produce 8% of all LNG production.[153]

Riyadh Metro

Rapid transit system under construction in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Bechtel
Bechtel
was contracted in 2013 to head a consortium to develop six lines, including all tunneling and stations. In 2016, Bechtel
Bechtel
stated that it is the largest civil engineering project the company has undertaken in its history. The metro is scheduled to be completed in 2018.[153][198]

References[edit]

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Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects. Springer. pp. 697–712. ISBN 9048199190.  ^ a b Anthony Flint (29 December 2015). "10 years later, did the Big Dig deliver?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ Tom Aciteli (5 January 2016). "Boston's Big Dig
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Construction: a Look Back 10 Years Later". Curbed. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ a b John Wendle (25 April 2016). "Chernobyl's Radioactive Ruins Get a New Tomb". National Geographic. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ "Raising the roof over Chernobyl". Nuclear Engineering International. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ a b Matthew L Wald (2 April 2013). "Treatment Plant for Waste in Nuclear Cleanup Has Design Flaws, Panel Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ a b Tim Newcomb (26 September 2016). "Hanford Vit Plant Takes Big Step". Engineering
Engineering
News-Record. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ a b Rob Carson (15 July 2007). "At last, it's good to go". The News Tribune. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ "History in the making...again". Civil + Structural Engineer. May 2004. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ " Bechtel
Bechtel
hands over Sabine Pass
Sabine Pass
LNG Train 2 Control to Cheniere". LNG World News. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ Chris Mooney (17 June 2016). "It's the first new U.S. nuclear reactor in decades. And climate change has made that a very big deal." The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2016.  ^ "Boring job done: London's Crossrail
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team completes final tunnel". Global Construction
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Line Construction". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Denton, Sally. "The Profiteers: Bechtel
Bechtel
and the Men Who Built the World", Simon & Schuster, 2016. McCartney, Laton. Friends in High Places, Ballantine Books, 1988. Mead, Robert Douglas. Journeys Down the Line: Building the Trans- Alaska
Alaska
Pipeline, Doubleday, 1978.

External links[edit]

Bechtel
Bechtel
company website Bechtel
Bechtel
companies grouped at Op

.