A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a bladed weapon similar to a
knife or short sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit in, on,
over or underneath the muzzle of a rifle, musket or similar firearm,
augmenting the firearm to allow use as a pike. Starting in the 17th
century, it was a weapon of primary importance for infantry attacks,
even up to World War II, but more a weapon of last resort since then.
In this regard, it is an ancillary close-quarter combat weapon. When
detached from the gun barrel, knife-like bayonets have long been
utilized by soldiers in the field as a general-purpose survival knife.
Some modern bayonets, such as the one used on the British
rifle and the one used on the AK47, are designed to be wire cutters
when combined with their scabbards.
1 Early history
1.1 Plug, ring, and socket bayonets
2 19th century and the multi-purpose bayonet
3 The "reach" controversy
4.1 Tactical decline
5 Contemporary versions
5.1 Russian Federation
5.2 United States
5.3 People's Republic of China
5.5 United Kingdom
5.9 Photo gallery
6 Linguistic impact
7 Badges and insignias
8 See also
10 Further reading
11 External links
18th-century plug bayonet
Early 19th-century spike bayonet
The term bayonette dates back to the end of the 16th century, but it
is not clear whether bayonets at the time were knives that could be
fitted to the ends of firearms, or simply a type of knife. For
example, Cotgrave's 1611 Dictionarie describes the
Bayonet as "a kind
of small flat pocket dagger, furnished with knives; or a great knife
to hang at the girdle". Likewise,
Pierre Borel wrote in 1655 that a
kind of long-knife called a bayonette was made in
Bayonne but does not
give any further description.
Plug, ring, and socket bayonets
Early bayonets were of the "plug" type, where the bayonet was fitted
directly into the barrel of the musket. This allowed light infantry
to be converted to heavy infantry and hold off cavalry charges. The
bayonet had a round handle that slid directly into the musket barrel.
This naturally prevented the gun from being fired. In 1671, plug
bayonets were issued to the French regiment of fusiliers then raised.
They were issued to part of an English dragoon regiment raised in 1672
and disbanded in 1674, and to the Royal Fusiliers when raised in 1685.
The danger incurred by the use of this bayonet (which put a stop to
all fire) was felt so early that the younger Puységur invented a
socket bayonet in 1678 that fitted over the muzzle using a circular
band of metal, allowing the musket to be loaded and fired. However, it
was not widely adopted at the time.
Socket of a bayonet
The defeat of forces loyal to William of Orange by Jacobite
Highlanders at the
Battle of Killiecrankie
Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689 was due (among
other things) to the use of the plug bayonet; and shortly
afterwards the defeated leader, Hugh Mackay, is believed to have
introduced a ring bayonet of his own invention. Soon "socket" bayonets
would incorporate both ring mounts and an offset blade, keeping the
bayonet well away from the muzzle blast of the musket barrel.
An unsuccessful trial with socket or zigzag bayonets was made after
the Battle of Fleurus in 1690, in the presence of King Louis XIV, who
refused to adopt them, as they had a tendency to fall off the musket.
Shortly after the
Peace of Ryswick
Peace of Ryswick (1697), the English and Germans
abolished the pike and introduced ring bayonets; pictures of them are
shown in Surirey de St. Remy's Mémoires d'Artillerie, published in
Paris in that year. In 1703, the French infantry adopted spring-loaded
locking system that prevented the bayonet from accidentally separating
from the musket. Henceforward, the socket bayonet became, with the
musket or other firearm, the typical weapon of the French infantry. A
triangular blade was introduced around 1715 and was stronger than the
previous single or double-edged models, creating wounds which were
harder to treat due to the propensity of healing scar tissue to pull
apart the triangular incision.
The socket bayonet had by then been adopted by most European armies.
The British socket bayonet had a triangular blade with a flat side
towards the muzzle and two fluted sides outermost to a length of 15
inches (38 cm). However it had no lock to keep it fast to the
muzzle and was well-documented for falling off in the heat of
19th century and the multi-purpose bayonet
The 19th century introduced the concept of the sword bayonet, a
long-bladed weapon with a single- or double-edged blade that could
also be used as a shortsword. Its initial purpose was to ensure that
riflemen could form an infantry square properly to fend off cavalry
attacks when in ranks with musketmen, whose weapons were longer. A
prime early example of a sword bayonet-fitted rifle is the British
Rifle of 1800-1840, later known as the "Baker Rifle". The
hilt usually had quillons modified to accommodate the gun barrel and a
hilt mechanism that enabled the bayonet to be attached to a bayonet
lug. A sword bayonet could be used in combat as a side arm. When
attached to the musket or rifle, it effectively turned almost any long
gun into a spear or glaive, suitable not only for thrusting but also
Bayonet assembly system of the Chassepot
While the British Army eventually discarded the sword bayonet, the
socket bayonet survived the introduction of the rifled musket into
British service in 1854. The new rifled musket copied the French
locking ring system. The new bayonet proved its worth at the Battle
of Alma and the
Battle of Inkerman
Battle of Inkerman during the Crimean War, where the
Imperial Russian Army learned to fear it.
United States Navy
United States Navy before the American Civil War, bayonet
blades were even affixed to single-shot pistols, although they were
soon proved useless for anything but cooking.
From 1869, some European nations began to develop new multi-purpose
sword bayonets suitable for mass production and for use by police,
pioneer, and engineer troops. The decision to redesign the bayonet
into a multi-purpose tool was viewed by some as an acknowledgement of
the decline in importance of the fixed bayonet as a weapon in the face
of new advances in firearms technology. As a British newspaper put
it, "the committee, in recommending this new sword bayonet, appear to
have had in view the fact that bayonets will henceforth be less
frequently used than in former times as a weapon of offence and
defence; they desired, therefore, to substitute an instrument of more
One of these multipurpose designs was the 'sawback' bayonet, which
incorporated saw teeth on the spine of the blade. The sawback
bayonet was intended for use as a general-purpose utility tool as well
as a weapon; the teeth were meant to facilitate the cutting of wood
for various defensive works such as barbed-wire posts, as well as for
butchering livestock. It was initially adopted by the
German states in 1865; until the middle of WWI approximately 5% of
every bayonet style was complemented with a sawback version, countries
such as Belgium in 1868, Great Britain in 1869 and Switzerland in
1878; (the latter introduced their last model in 1914).
The original sawback bayonets were typically of the heavy sword-type,
they were issued to engineers, with to some extent the bayonet aspect
being secondary to the "tool" aspect. Later German sawbacks were more
of a rank indicator than a functional saw. The sawback proved
relatively ineffective as a cutting tool, and was soon outmoded by
improvements in military logistics and transportation; most nations
dropped the sawback feature by 1900. The German army discontinued
use of the sawback bayonet in 1917 after protests that the serrated
blade caused unnecessarily severe wounds when used as a fixed
The trowel or spade bayonet was another multipurpose design, intended
for use both as an offensive weapon as well as a digging tool for
excavating entrenchments. From 1870, the US Army issued trowel
bayonets to infantry regiments based on a design by Lieutenant-Colonel
Edmund Rice, a US Army officer and Civil War veteran, which were
manufactured by the Springfield Armory. Besides its utility as
both a fixed bayonet and a digging implement, the Rice trowel bayonet
could be used to plaster log huts and stone chimneys for winter
quarters; sharpened on one edge, it could cut tent poles and pins.
Ten thousand were eventually issued, and the design saw service during
the 1877 Nez Perce campaign. Rice was given leave in 1877 to
demonstrate his trowel bayonet to several nations in Europe. One
infantry officer recommended it to the exclusion of all other designs,
noting that "the intrenching [sic] tools of an army rarely get up to
the front until the exigency for their use has passed." The Rice
trowel bayonet was declared obsolete by the US Army in December
The "reach" controversy
French infantry bayonet charge during the First World War. The men are
carrying 1886 Lebel rifles.
German soldiers at bayonet practice in 1914
US military bayonets; from the top down, they are the M1905, the M1,
M1905E1 Bowie Point
Bayonet (a cut down version of the M1905), and the
Bayonet for the M1 Carbine
Prior to World War I, bayonet doctrine was largely founded upon the
concept of "reach"; that is, a soldier's theoretical ability, by use
of an extremely long rifle and fixed bayonet, to stab an enemy soldier
without having to approach within reach of his opponent's
blade. A combined length of rifle and bayonet longer than
that of the enemy infantryman's rifle and attached bayonet, like the
infantryman's pike of bygone days, was thought to impart a definite
tactical advantage on the battlefield, and military authorities
engaged in endless discussions over the supposed advantages of longer
In 1886, the French Army introduced a 52-centimetre-long
(20.5 in) quadrangular épée spike for the bayonet of the Lebel
Model 1886 rifle, the Épée-Baïonnette Modèle 1886, resulting in a
rifle and bayonet with an overall length of six feet (1.8 m).
German ordnance authorities responded by introducing a long sword
bayonet for the Model 1898 Mauser rifle, which had a 29-inch barrel.
The new bayonet, designated the Seitengewehr 98, had a 50 cm
(19.7-inch) blade. With an overall length of 5 feet
9 inches (1.75 m), the German Army's rifle/bayonet
combination was second only to the French Lebel for overall bayonet
After 1900, Switzerland, Britain, and the United States adopted rifles
with barrel lengths shorter than that of a rifled musket, but longer
than that of a carbine. These new rifles were intended for
general use by both the infantry and cavalry. Due to the reduction
in barrel length, the overall "reach" of the new short rifles with
attached bayonet was reduced. In the case of Britain, this occurred
when the British Army adopted a shortened
Lee–Enfield rifle, the
SMLE, in 1904. As a consequence, the German M1898 Mauser rifle
and attached sword bayonet was a full eight inches longer than the
British SMLE and its P1903 bayonet, which used a twelve-inch
blade. While the British P1903 and its similar predecessor, the
P1888, had proved completely satisfactory in service, a storm of
criticism soon arose regarding the effective reach of the new short
rifles when equipped with a fixed bayonet. One military
writer of the day warned: "The German soldier has eight inches the
better of the argument over the British soldier when it comes to
crossing bayonets, and the extra eight inches easily turns the battle
in favour of the longer, if both men are of equal skill."
In 1905 the German Army adopted a shortened 37-centimetre-long
(14.5 in) bayonet, the Seitengewehr 98/06 for engineer and
pioneer troops, and in 1908, a short rifle as well, the Karabiner
Model 1898AZ, which was produced in limited quantities for the
cavalry, artillery, and other specialist troops. However, the
long-barreled 98 Mauser rifle remained in service as the primary
infantry small arm. Moreover, German military authorities
continued to promote the idea of outreaching one's opponent on the
battlefield by means of a longer rifle/bayonet combination, a concept
prominently featured in its infantry bayonet training doctrines.
These included the throw point or extended thrust-and-lunge
attack. Using this tactic, the German soldier dropped into a
half-crouch, with the rifle and fixed bayonet held close to the
body. In this position the soldier next propelled his rifle
forward, then dropped the supporting hand while taking a step forward
with the right foot, simultaneously thrusting out the right arm to
full length with the extended rifle held in the grip of the right hand
alone. With a maximum 'kill zone' of some eleven feet, the throw
point bayonet attack gave an impressive increase in 'reach', and was
later adopted by other military forces, including the U.S.
In response to criticism over the reduced reach of the SMLE rifle and
bayonet, British ordnance authorities introduced the P1907 bayonet in
1908, which had an elongated blade of some seventeen inches to
compensate for the reduced overall length of the SMLE
rifle. U.S. authorities in turn adopted a long
(16-in. blade) bayonet for the
M1903 Springfield short rifle, the
M1905 bayonet; later, a long sword bayonet was also provided for the
M1917 Enfield rifle.
The experience of
World War I
World War I prompted a complete reversal in opinion
on the relative value of long rifles and bayonets in typical infantry
combat operations. Whether in the close confines of
trench warfare, night time raiding and patrolling, or attacking across
open ground, soldiers of both sides soon recognized the inherent
limitations of a long and ungainly rifle and bayonet when used as a
close-quarters battle weapon. Once Allied soldiers had
been trained to expect the throw point or extended thrust-and-lunge
attack, the method lost most of its tactical value on the World War I
battlefield. It required a strong arm and wrist, was very slow to
recover if the initial thrust missed its mark, and was easily parried
by a soldier who was trained to expect it, thus exposing the German
soldier to a return thrust which he could not easily block or
parry. Instead of longer bayonets, infantry forces on both
sides began experimenting with other weapons as auxiliary
close-quarter arms, including the trench knife, pistol, hand grenade,
and entrenching tool.
Soldiers soon began employing the bayonet as a knife as well as an
attachment for the rifle, and bayonets were often shortened officially
or unofficially to make them more versatile and easier to use as
tools, or to maneuver in close quarters. During World
War II, bayonets were further shortened into knife-sized weapons in
order to give them additional utility as fighting or utility
knives. The vast majority of modern bayonets introduced since World
War II are of the knife type.
A bayonet charge during the
Battle of Großbeeren
Battle of Großbeeren (1813)
With the advent of the socket bayonet, the pike was in the process of
being phased out, as infantry could now adequately defend themselves
from cavalry without sacrificing firepower. Pikemen-style tactics were
taught to bayonet-armed musketeers. Many armies used the bayonet
frequently during the Napoleonic wars. A Russian tactical precept
coined by Russian General
Alexander Suvorov was "The bullet is
foolish, the bayonet wise", noting that while a bullet may be fired in
merely the general direction of various enemies with no concern for
which, the bayonet thrust is always at a single purposely-selected
18th and 19th century military tactics included doctrines of massed
infantry formations using a bayonet kept fixed on the infantryman's
musket. One of the more notable of these was the bayonet charge, an
attack by a formation of infantrymen with fixed bayonets, usually over
short distances, to overrun enemy strong points, capture artillery
batteries, or break up enemy troop formations.
Despite its effectiveness, a bayonet charge did not necessarily cause
substantial casualties through the use of the weapon itself. Detailed
battle casualty lists from the 18th century showed that in many
battles, fewer than 2% of all wounds treated were caused by
bayonets. Antoine-Henri Jomini, a celebrated military author who
served in numerous armies during the Napoleonic period, stated that
the majority of bayonet charges in the open resulted with one side
fleeing before any contact was made. Combat with bayonets did occur,
but mostly on a small scale when units of opposing sides encountered
each other in a confined environment, such as during the storming of
fortifications or during ambush skirmishes in broken terrain. In
an age of fire by massed volley, when compared to random unseen
bullets, the threat of the bayonet was much more tangible and
immediate – guaranteed to lead to a personal gruesome conclusion if
both sides persisted. All this encouraged men to flee before the lines
met. Thus, the bayonet was an immensely useful weapon for capturing
ground from the enemy, despite seldom actually being used to inflict
A bayonet charge during the American Civil War
As early as the
American Civil War
American Civil War (1861–65) the bayonet was
ultimately responsible for less than 1% of battlefield casualties,
a hallmark of modern warfare. The use of "cold steel" to force the
enemy to retreat was very successful in numerous small unit
engagements at short range in the American Civil War, as most troops
would retreat when charged while reloading (which could take up to a
minute with loose powder even for trained troops). Although such
charges inflicted few casualties, they often decided short
engagements, and tactical possession of important defensive ground
features. Additionally, bayonet drill could be used to rally men
temporarily discomfited by enemy fire.
While the overall
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg was won by the Union armies due
to a combination of terrain and massed artillery fire, a decisive
point on the second day of the battle hinged on a bayonet charge at
Little Round Top
Little Round Top when the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment,
running short of musket ammunition, charged downhill, surprising and
capturing many of the surviving soldiers of the 15th Alabama and other
The armies of the late 19th century continued to make extensive use of
the bayonet for peacetime training and drill. Imperial Russian
infantry carried "triangular" bayonets fixed to their rifles on almost
all occasions, rather than using the belt attached scabbards of other
armies. French troops were issued with very long "sword" bayonets,
giving a total reach of six feet when attached to their M1886 Lebel
rifles. By contrast the British bayonet of 1903 gave a length of less
than four feet and nine inches when fixed on the Lee-Enfield rifle. In
1905 the U.S. Army experimented with a "rod-bayonet" which slid into
an attachment under the rifle barrel. The Japanese, Imperial German
and Italian armies all developed their separate sizes and patterns of
bayonets. Nearly all retained the historic principle of a thrusting
The advent of modern warfare in the 20th century further decreased the
bayonet's usefulness, although small unit actions still include the
use of the bayonet for close-quarter fighting. During the Korean War,
the French Battalion and
Turkish Brigade conducted bayonet charges
against their enemy. United States Army officer Lewis L. Millett
led soldiers of the US Army's 27th Infantry Regiment in taking out a
machine gun position with bayonets, and received the Medal of Honor
for the action. This was the last bayonet charge by the US Army.
A 1992 painting depicting the 65th Infantry's bayonet charge against a
Chinese division during the Korean War.
In 1995, during the Siege of Sarajevo, French Marine infantrymen from
the 3rd RIMA carried out a bayonet charge against the Serbian forces
at the Battle of Vrbanja bridge.
The British Army mounted bayonet charges during the
Falklands War (see
Battle of Mount Tumbledown), the Second Gulf War, and the war in
Afghanistan. In 2004 in Iraq at the Battle of Danny Boy, the
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders bayonet-charged mortar positions
filled with over 100
Mahdi Army members. The ensuing hand-to-hand
fighting resulted in an estimate of over 40 insurgents killed and 35
bodies collected (many floated down the river) and nine prisoners.
Sergeant Brian Wood, of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, was
Military Cross for his part in the battle. In 2009,
Lieutenant James Adamson, aged 24, of the Royal Regiment of Scotland
was awarded the
Military Cross for a bayonet charge whilst on a tour
of duty in Afghanistan: after shooting one
Taliban fighter dead
Adamson had run out of ammunition when another enemy appeared. He
immediately charged the second
Taliban fighter and bayoneted him.
In September 2012, Lance Corporal Sean Jones of The Princess of
Wales's Regiment was awarded the
Military Cross for his role in a
bayonet charge which took place in October 2011.
Today the bayonet is rarely used in one-to-one combat.
Despite its limitations, many modern assault rifles (including bullpup
designs) retain a bayonet lug and the bayonet is still issued by many
armies. Also, the bayonet is still used for controlling prisoners,
finishing off wounded enemies, and as a weapon of "last resort."
In addition, some authorities have concluded that the bayonet serves
as a useful training aid in building morale and increasing desired
aggressiveness in troops.
Today's bayonets are often multi-purpose knives such as the American
M9 which is also an effective fighting knife or the Soviet
which was also a ground breaking survival knife that can be used as a
wire-cutter when combined with its scabbard. Some bayonets can also be
used as utility knives, bottle openers or throwing knives.
Also, issuing one modern multi-purpose bayonet/knife is obviously more
cost effective than issuing separate specialty bayonets, field knives
and combat knives.
AKM Type I bayonet of the
Nationale Volksarmee shown
cutting a wire when combined with its scabbard
AK-47 has an adequate but unremarkable bayonet. However,
AKM Type I bayonet (introduced in 1959) was a revolutionary
design. It has a Bowie style (clip-point) blade with saw-teeth
along the spine, and can be used as a multi-purpose knife and
wire-cutter when combined with its steel scabbard. This design
was copied by other nations and formed the basis of the US M9
bayonet. The AK-74 bayonet 6Kh5 (introduced in 1983)
represents a further refinement of the
AKM bayonet. "It introduced a
radical blade cross-section, that has a flat milled on one side near
the edge and a corresponding flat milled on the opposite side near the
false edge." The blade has a new spear point and an improved
one-piece moulded plastic grip, making it a more effective fighting
knife. It also has saw-teeth on the false edge and the usual hole
for use as a wire-cutter. The wire cutting versions of the AK
bayonets each have an electrically insulated handle and an
electrically insulated part of the scabbard, so it can be used to cut
an electrified wire.
M16 rifle used the
M7 bayonet which is based on earlier
designs such as the M4, M5 and M6 models, all of which are direct
descendants of the M3 Fighting
Knife and have a spear-point blade with
a half sharpened secondary edge. The newer M9 has a clip-point blade
with saw-teeth along the spine, and can be used as a multi-purpose
knife and wire-cutter when combined with its scabbard. It can even be
used by troops to cut their way free through the relatively thin metal
skin of a crashed helicopter or airplane. The current USMC OKC-3S
bayonet bears a resemblance to the Marines' iconic
knife with serrations near the handle.
People's Republic of China
AK-47 assault rifle was copied by China as the Type 56 assault
rifle and include an integral folding spike bayonet, similar to the
SKS rifle. Some Type 56s may also use the
AKM Type II
bayonet. The latest Chinese rifle, the QBZ-95, has the
multi-purpose knife bayonet similar to the US M9.
FN FAL has two types of bayonets. The first is a traditional spear
point bayonet. The second is the Type C socket bayonet introduced in
the 1960s. It has a hollow handle that fits over the muzzle and
slots that lined up with those on the FALs 22 mm NATO-spec flash
hider. Its spear-type blade is offset to the side of the handle to
allow the bullet to pass beside the blade.
The current British L3A1 socket bayonet is based on the
FN FAL Type C
socket bayonet with a clip-point blade. It has a hollow handle
that fits over the SA80/L85 rifles muzzle and slots that lined up with
those on the flash eliminator. The blade is offset to the side of the
handle to allow the bullet to pass beside the blade. It can also be
used as a multi-purpose knife and wire-cutter when combined with its
scabbard. The scabbard also has a sharpening stone and folding saw
The H&K G3 rifle uses two types of bayonets, both of which mount
above the G3s barrel. The first is the standard G3 bayonet which
has a blade similar to the American M7. The second is an EICKHORN
KCB-70 type multi-purpose knife bayonet, featuring a clip-point with
saw-back, a wire-cutter scabbard and a distinctive squared
handgrip. For the H&K G36 there was little use of modified AKM
type II blade bayonets from stocks of the former Nationale Volksarmee
(National People's Army) of East Germany. The original muzzle-ring was
cut away and a new, large diameter muzzle ring welded in place. The
original leather belt hanger was replaced by a complex web and plastic
belt hanger designed to fit the West German load bearing
Steyr AUG uses two types of bayonet. The first and most common is
an Eickhorn KCB-70 type multi-purpose bayonet with an M16 bayonet type
interface. The second are the Glock Feldmesser 78 (Field
Knife 78) and
the Feldmesser 81 (Survival
Knife 81), which can also be used as a
bayonet, by engaging a socket in the pommel (covered by a plastic cap)
into a bayonet adapter that can be fitted to the AUG
rifle. These bayonets are noteworthy, as they were meant
to be used primarily as field or survival knives and use as a bayonet
was a secondary consideration. They can also be used as throwing
knives and have a built-in bottle opener in the crossguard.
The French use a more traditional spear point bayonet; the current
FAMAS bayonet is nearly identical to that of the M1949/56 bayonet.
AK-47 bayonet and scabbard.
AKM type II bayonet, multi-purpose knife and wire-cutter when
combined with its scabbard.
AKM type II bayonet and scabbard in wire-cutter configuration.
Afghan policeman with
AKM Type II bayonet.
M5 Bayonet and scabbard used with the M1 Garand
M6 bayonet and scabbard used with the M14 rifle
M7 Bayonet and M8A1 Sheath used with the M16 rifle
Adopted in 1984, the US
M9 bayonet and scabbard used with the M16
rifle and M4 carbine.
M9 bayonet and scabbard in wire-cutter configuration.
M9 bayonet fitted
M4 carbine firing during secondary target drills.
The USMC OKC-3S Bayonet
US Marines at bayonet practice
Folding an SKS-type bayonet
A Chinese sailor with a Type 56 in 1986. Note the integral folding
Chinese soldier with
QBZ-95 rifle and multi-purpose knife bayonet.
Indian Army Gurkha with L1A1 (FN FAL) and traditional bayonet
Brazilian Army SOF. Note
FN FAL type rifles with Type C socket
Bayonet attached to a British L85A2 rifle. Note the barrel to the left
and slot in the blade to attach the wire-cutter scabbard.
A British soldier from the
Royal Regiment of Scotland
Royal Regiment of Scotland with a fixed
bayonet on an
SA80 rifle, in July 2006.
Palace guard at the royal palace, Oslo. Note the G3 type rifle with
bayonet over the barrel.
Glock field knife/bayonet and its scabbard. The upper crossguard is
bent forward and can be used as a bottle opener.
Irish Army Honor Guard. Note
Steyr AUG with EICKHORN KCB-70 type
Royal New Zealand Navy Guard of Honour. Note
Steyr AUG with American
French Legionnaire with
FAMAS and fixed bayonet.
Type 30 bayonet used by the Japanese from 1899 to the end of the
American Krag rifle with a bowie bayonet next to a Springfield Model
The push-twist motion of fastening the older type of bayonet has given
a name to:
The "bayonet mount" used for various types of quick fastenings, such
as camera lenses.
Several connectors and contacts including the bayonet-fitting light
bulb that is common in the UK (as opposed to the continental European
The BNC ("
Bayonet Neill-Concelman") RF connector.
One type of connector for foil and sabre weapons used in modern
fencing competitions is referred to as a "bayonet" connector.
In chess, an aggressive variation of the
King's Indian Defence
King's Indian Defence is
known as the "
The bayonet has become a symbol of military power. The term "at the
point of a bayonet" refers to using military force or action to
accomplish, maintain, or defend something (cf.
Undertaking a task "with fixed bayonets" has this connotation of no
room for compromise and is a phrase used particularly in politics.
Badges and insignias
Australian Army 'Rising Sun' badge features a semicircle of
Australian Army Infantry Combat Badge (ICB) takes the
form of a vertically mounted
Australian Army SLR (7.62mm self-loading
rifle FN FAL) bayonet surrounded by an oval-shaped laurel wreath.
The US Army Combat Action Badge, awarded to personnel who have come
under fire since 2001 and who are not eligible for the Combat
Infantryman Badge (due to the fact that only Infantry personnel may be
awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge), has a bayonet as its central
The shoulder sleeve insignia for the 10th Mountain Division in the US
Army features crossed bayonets. The US Army's 173rd Airborne Brigade
Combat Team's shoulder patch features a bayonet wrapped in a wing,
symbolizing their airborne status. The brigade regularly deploys in
task forces under the name "Bayonet". The insignia of the British
School of Infantry is an
SA80 bayonet against a red shield. It
is worn as a
Tactical recognition flash
Tactical recognition flash (TRF) by instructors at the
Infantry Training Centre Catterick, the
Infantry Battle School
Infantry Battle School at
Brecon and the Support Weapons School in Warminster.
The vocation tab collar insignia for the Singapore Armed Forces
Infantry Formation utilizes two crossed bayonets. The bayonet is often
used as a symbol of the Infantry in Singapore.
Use of bayonets for crowd control
Wilfred Owen mention the bayonets in the poem Soldier's dream
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Brayley, Martin, Bayonets: An
Illustrated History, Iola, WI: Krause Publications,
ISBN 0-87349-870-4, ISBN 978-0-87349-870-8 (2004), pp. 9-10,
^ H. Blackmore, Hunting Weapons, p. 50
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bayonet".
Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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