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The Bavarian State Library
Library
(German: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, abbreviated BSB, called Bibliotheca Regia Monacensis before 1919) in Munich
Munich
is the central "Landesbibliothek", i. e. the state library of the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
and one of Europe's most important universal libraries. With its collections currently comprising around 10.36 million books (as of 2016), it ranks among the best research libraries worldwide. Moreover, its historical stock encompasses one of the most important manuscript collections of the world, the largest collection of incunabula worldwide, as well as numerous further important special collections. The legal deposit law has been in force since 1663, regulating that two copies of every printed work published in Bavaria
Bavaria
have to be submitted to the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. This law is still applicable today. The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
furthermore is Europe's second-largest journals library (after the British Library). The BSB publishes the specialist journal Bibliotheksforum Bayern and has been publishing the Bibliotheksmagazin together with the Berlin State Library
Library
since 2007. Its building is situated in the Ludwigstrasse.

Contents

1 Tasks 2 Use 3 Inventory 4 Areas of emphasis 5 Organisation

5.1 Directorate 5.2 Main departments

5.2.1 Central Administration 5.2.2 Collection Development and Cataloguing 5.2.3 User Services 5.2.4 Manuscripts and Early Printed Books

5.3 Special
Special
Departments

5.3.1 Map Collection and Image Archive 5.3.2 Department of Music 5.3.3 Oriental and East Asia Department 5.3.4 Department of Eastern Europe (Osteuropaabteilung)

5.4 Departments in Charge of Predominantly Regional-Level Tasks 5.5 State-Funded Bavarian Regional Libraries

6 History 7 Restitution 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Tasks[edit]

General and research library Central state and repository library of the Free State of Bavaria Collection of regional legal deposits and publications related to Bavaria Part of Germany's virtual national library in cooperation with the German National Library
Library
and the Berlin State Library Runs the Munich
Munich
Digitization Center Responsibility for special subject collections of the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) Collaboration on the Corporate Body Authority File
File
(Gemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei, GKD) and the Name Authority File (Personennamendatei, PND)

Use[edit] In 2016, the library counted 69,500 registered users and 1,460,000 loans. The reading rooms of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
are used by around 3,000 readers every day. In the general reading room, open daily from 8 AM to 12 PM, approximately 111,000 volumes, primarily reference works, are freely accessible. In the periodicals reading room around 18,000 topical issues of current periodicals are available. The departments of manuscripts and early printed books, maps and images, music, as well as Eastern Europe, Orient and East Asia have their own reading rooms with open-access collections. Every day approximately 1,500 volumes are collected from the repositories and provided for use in the general reading room. In 2010, a new research reading room was opened, focusing on Historical Sciences and Bavarian History and Culture (Aventinus Reading Room). Inventory[edit]

c. 10.36 million books c. 130,800 manuscripts; the catalogue is the work of librarian Johann Andreas Schmeller (1785–1852). Latin (Codices latini monacenses – Clm), c. 17,000 items.

Mulomedicina Chironis (Clm 243), 4th century Breviarium Alarici
Breviarium Alarici
(Clm 22501), 6th century Purple Evangeliary (Clm 23631), 9th century Codex Aureus of St. Emmeram
Codex Aureus of St. Emmeram
(Clm 14000), c. 870 Computistic ms. of St. Emmeram (Clm 14456), early 9th century Prayerbook of Otto III, c. 1000 (Clm 30111) Evangeliary of Otto III (Clm 4453), c. 1000 Pericopes of Henry II
Pericopes of Henry II
(Clm 4452) Sacramentary of Henry II
Sacramentary of Henry II
(Clm 4456) Uta Codex
Uta Codex
(Clm 13601), c. 1025 Ruodlieb
Ruodlieb
romance fragments (Clm 19486), c. 1050 Scheyerer Matutinalbuch (Clm 17401) Carmina Burana
Carmina Burana
(Clm 4660) prayer book of Maximilian I of Bavaria
Bavaria
(Clm 23640) the " Munich
Munich
Manual of Demonic Magic" (Clm 849)

German (Codices germanici monacenses – Cgm), c. 10,500 items

Manuscript A of the Nibelungenlied
Nibelungenlied
(Cgm 34); which was inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register
Memory of the World Register
in 2009 [1] Freising manuscripts Wessobrunn Prayer
Wessobrunn Prayer
(Clm 22053) Muspilli
Muspilli
(Clm 14098) Parzival by Wolfram von Eschenbach
Wolfram von Eschenbach
(Cgm 19) Tristan
Tristan
by Gottfried von Strassburg
Gottfried von Strassburg
(Cgm 51)

Greek (Codices graeci – Cod.graec.), 645 items Slavic (Codices slavici, Cod.slav.), c. 100 items

the " Munich
Munich
Serbian Psalter", after 1370

Music manuscripts, c. 37,500 items Illustrated manuscripts
Illustrated manuscripts
(Codices iconographici), c. 550 items

Fechtbuch
Fechtbuch
of Paulus Hector Mair
Paulus Hector Mair
(Cod. icon. 393) choir books by Orlando di Lasso (Mus. ms. A I+II) Illuminated manuscripts from the Ottonian period produced in the monastery of Reichenau (Lake Constance), which were inscribed on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register
Memory of the World Register
in 2003[2]

59,000 current periodicals (print and electronic; Europe's second largest holding) 20,000 incunabula (the world's largest holding) of around 9,660 different incunabula, among them

a Gutenberg Bible

c. 1,140,000 digitized volumes

Areas of emphasis[edit]

History, general Pre-history and early history Byzantium Classical studies, incl. ancient history Medieval—and new Latin philology History of Germany, Austria and Switzerland History of France and Italy Romania Romanian language and literature Albanian language and literature Eastern-, eastern central and south-eastern Europe (in detail: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo Modern-age Greece (including language and literature) Musicology Information science, book studies and library science

Organisation[edit] Directorate[edit] Since April, 1st 2015 Klaus Ceynowa is director general of the Bavarian State Library. The head office, the assistants to the directors and the public relations department are also part of the directorate. Directors general:

1882-1909 Georg von Laubmann 1909-1929 Hans Schnorr von Carolsfeld (de) 1929-1935 Georg Reismüller 1935-1945 Rudolf Buttmann 1948-1966 Gustav Hofmann (de) 1967-1972 Hans Striedl (de) 1972-1992 Franz Georg Kaltwasser (de) 1992-2004 Hermann Leskien (de) 2004-2014 Rolf Griebel 2015- Klaus Ceynowa

Main departments[edit] Central Administration[edit] The central administration is in charge of general administrative management; moreover, it acts as a service provider for all areas of the library. The department is responsible for the areas "budget", "human resources" and "internal services, construction". Collection Development and Cataloguing[edit] This department acquires all types of media (in the form or by way of presents, purchase, licensing, deposit copies and swapping items), and catalogues and indexes them both formally and according to subject. The Munich
Munich
Digitisation Centre is a section of the department. It handles the digitisation and online publication of the cultural heritage preserved by the Bavarian State Library
Library
and by other institutions. It provides one of the largest and fastest growing digital collections in Germany. The department is also responsible for conservation and collection care. This division protects the media published from the year 1850 onward against damage and decay. It secures their long-term availability. User Services[edit] The user services department acts as an agent of the collections and services of the library. The department consists of the divisions of document provision, document administration, document delivery and information- and reading-room services. Manuscripts and Early Printed Books[edit] The department of manuscripts and early printed books is responsible for the most valuable historical collections of the library. The worldwide renown of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
is founded on this precious heritage. The department has a separate reading room that is specially equipped for working with old books. Special
Special
Departments[edit] Map Collection and Image Archive[edit] This department administrates printed maps from the year 1500 up to the present, atlases, cartographic material and the image archive of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. The image archive also includes parts of the archives of Heinrich Hoffmann, Bernhard Johannes and Felicitas Timpe. The Map Collection and Image Archive also have - together with the department of music -their own reading room. Department of Music[edit] The Department of Music ranks among the world's leading music libraries, due to both the quantity and quality of its historical collections and its broad acquisition profile. Its beginnings date back to the 16th century. The area of collection emphasis "musicology" of the German Research Foundation
German Research Foundation
is overseen by this department. A special reading room for music, maps and images is provided for the library users. Oriental and East Asia Department[edit] The oriental collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
comprise 260,000 volumes in Arabic, Armenian, Georgian, Hebrew, Yiddish, Mongolian, Persian, Tibetan and Indian languages. The East-Asian collections comprise more than 310,000 volumes in the Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai and Vietnamese languages. Users can avail themselves of the open-access collections in the east reading room occupied together with the department of Eastern Europe. Department of Eastern Europe (Osteuropaabteilung)[edit] The department of Eastern Europe is the largest special department of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, holding around one million books about and from Eastern Europe, from early modern times up to the 21st century. In addition to the eastern European area, it also addresses eastern central and south-eastern Europe as well as the Asian part of Russia. The open-access collection of the department is accommodated in the library's east reading room. Departments in Charge of Predominantly Regional-Level Tasks[edit] The departments in charge of tasks predominantly allocated to a regional level are the Bayerische Bibliotheksschule (Bavarian School of Library
Library
and Information Science), the Landesfachstelle für das öffentliche Bibliothekswesen (Consulting Centre for Public Libraries) as well as the head office of the Bibliotheksverbund Bayern (Bavarian Library
Library
Network). State-Funded Bavarian Regional Libraries[edit] The Bavarian regional state-funded libraries form part of Bavaria's academic library system. They are subordinated to the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
in the organisation structure. Among these libraries are the state libraries of Amberg, Ansbach, Neuburg an der Donau, Passau
Passau
and Regensburg, the Studienbibliothek Dillingen, the Landesbibliothek Coburg, the Bamberg State Library
Library
(German: Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
Bamberg) as well as the Hofbibliothek Aschaffenburg. History[edit] The library was founded in 1558 as the court library of Duke Albrecht V, and was originally located in the vaulted chamber of the Alter Hof (old court) of the Munich
Munich
residence. Initially, two book collections were acquired: on the one hand the personal papers of the Austrian jurist, orientalist and imperial chancellor Johann Albrecht Widmannstetter, consisting of oriental manuscripts and prints, editions of classic authors and works from the areas of theology, philosophy und jurisprudence, and on the other hand the collection of the Augsburg patrician Johann Jakob Fugger, which was acquired in 1571. Fugger
Fugger
had commissioned agents to collect volumes of manuscripts and printed works in Italy, Spain and the Netherlands. In the end the works collected in this way amounted to more than 10,000 volumes. At the same time, he had had manuscripts copied in Venice. Apart from this, in 1552 Fugger
Fugger
had purchased the collection of manuscripts and incunabula of the physician and humanist Hartmann Schedel, representing one of the richest humanistic private libraries north of the Alps. The Fugger
Fugger
collection was first administrated and organised by the physician Samuel Quichelberg from Antwerp. He had adopted the shelving system of the Augsburg court library. Later the collection was administered by the librarian Wolfgang Prommer, who had catalogued the collection both alphabetically and according to keywords. Aegidius Oertel from Nuremberg became the first librarian in 1561. The main users of the library were the Jesuits, who had been invited to Munich
Munich
in 1559. William V continued the collection, making further purchases:

Spanish prints from the personal papers of the Tyrolean knight Anselm Stöckel (1583) The collection of the Augsburg councillor Johann Heinrich Herwarth von Hohenberg comprising numerous music prints (1585) Humanistic library of the canon of Augsburg and Eichstätt Johann Georg von Werdenstein (1592)

In 1600 the collection comprised 17,000 volumes. The secularization of Bavaria
Bavaria
and the transfer of the court library of the Electorate of the Palatinate
Electorate of the Palatinate
around the year 1803 added approximately 550,000 volumes and 18,600 manuscripts to the library's holdings. In 1827 Friedrich von Gärtner
Friedrich von Gärtner
was commissioned to plan a representative building for the court- and state library. The original plan was to erect the building at Ludwigstrasse
Ludwigstrasse
1. In 1828 the plot opposite the Glyptothek
Glyptothek
on Königsplatz was chosen as location, but later in the same year the planners switched back again to Ludwigstrasse. The blueprints were completed in 1831. For lack of funds the laying of the foundation stone had to be postponed to 8 July 1832. The construction work on the building planned by Gärtner was concluded in 1843. In 1919
1919
the library received the name that it still bears today: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. During the Second World War
Second World War
more than 500,000 volumes were lost, although the collections were partly evacuated from the building. Some of the books were for example stored in the palace chapel of Schloss Haimhausen. Of the building itself 85% were destroyed. The reconstruction of the library building and the reintegration of evacuated holdings started in 1946. 1953-1966 the professors Hans Döllgast und Sep Ruf
Sep Ruf
had to plan and realize the reconstruction of the eastern wing, a new area behind historic walls, and the extension building of the Bavarian State Library, a glass- steel frame construction for the bibliotheca. They made an available surface of 17.000 m² and a cubature of 84.000 m³. 1967 a jury with Hans Scharoun
Hans Scharoun
gave the price of the BDA Bayern to the extension building. The inauguration of the restored south wing of the building in 1970 marked the conclusion of the reconstruction work on the building. The Speicherbibliothek Garching
Garching
(book repository) was inaugurated in 1988. The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
has also initiated large-scale internet projects. In 1997 the Munich
Munich
Digitization Center took up work and the BSB started developing its web portals, including its own web site. The card catalogue 1841-1952 and the catalogue of incunabula 1450-1500 were converted, thus making the complete holdings of printed materials of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
available online. The service "Digitisation on Demand", offered by a network of several European libraries, makes millions of books published between 1500 and 1900 available in digital form. On 7 March 2007 Director General Rolf Griebel announced that Google Book Search will take over the digitisation of the copyright-free holdings of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. In 2008, the year of its 450th anniversary, the Deutscher Bibliotheksverband (German Library Association) awarded the title of Bibliothek des Jahres ( Library
Library
of the year) to the BSB. In 2012 an Italian scholar discovered among Johann Jakob Fugger's manuscripts in the library an 11th-century Greek codex containing 29 ancient homilies, previously unpublished, by the theologian Origen
Origen
of Alexandria.[3] Restitution[edit] Since 2003 the Bavarian State Library
Library
has gone to great efforts to restitute illegally-acquired library material. The most recent example is the restitution of the so-called Plock
Plock
Pontifical to Poland in April 2015.[4] It had been stolen by the Nazis from the Plock Bishopric in 1940 and was taken to the Koenigsberg University. The Bavarian State Library
Library
bought the manuscript in 1973 for 6,200 DM at an auction in Munich. In the past years, the library has searched through those segments of its collections that are in question for illegitimate purchases. All in all, over 60,000 books have been meticulously checked so far. The library has identified around 500 books whose acquisition is to be regarded as unlawful. Subsequently, to these findings, several restitutions have taken place, amongst others the Bavarian State Library
Library
returned 78 volumes originating from Thomas Mann’s research library to the Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
Archive in Zürich in 2007.[5] Further restitutions are in preparation, for example 252 books from the former publishing house Geca Kon. See also[edit]

Berlin State Library German National Library Google Books Library
Library
Project Virtual Library
Library
of Musicology Books in Germany

References[edit]

^ "Song of the Nibelungs, a heroic poem from mediaeval Europe". UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. 2009-07-31. Archived from the original on 14 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-15.  ^ "Illuminated manuscripts from the Ottonian period produced in the monastery of Reichenau (Lake Constance)". UNESCO
UNESCO
Memory of the World Programme. 2009-10-23. Retrieved 2009-12-15. [permanent dead link] ^ The Rediscovery of Origen's Homilies on the Psalms (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. graec. 314) ^ ""Übergabe des Pontificale an polnische Kirche als Symbol der Verständigung und des Miteinanders" - Bayerns Wissenschaftsminister Spaenle übergibt das "Plocker Pontificale" aus dem 12. Jahrhundert in Warschau an den polnischen Bischof Libera". Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Bildung und Kultus, Wissenschaft und Kunst. Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ "NS-Raubgut an der BSB". Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 

Riding, Alan. "France Detects a Cultural Threat in Google," New York Times. April 11, 2005.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.

Website of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
(in English) Website of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
(in German) Website of the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Website of the Munich
Munich
Digitization Center hu-berlin.de - Lecture of Prof. Dr. Peter Zahn on the history of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek
(in German) The European Library

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 129557156 LCCN: n50064518 ISNI: 0000 0001 2097 381X GND: 2031351-2 SELIBR: 109727 SUDOC: 026471531 BNF: cb118713900 (data) ULAN: 500303271 NLA: 36083090 NKC: ko2002148922 BNE: XX254127

Coordinates: 48°08′50″N 11°34′50″E / 48.14722°N 11.58056°E /

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