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Batumi
Batumi
(Georgian: ბათუმი [bɑtʰumi]) is the second-largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country's southwest.[2] Situated in a subtropical zone near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains, Batumi
Batumi
is a popular tourist destination known for its varying weather–it is a bustling seaside resort during warm seasons, but it can get entirely covered in snow during winter. Much of Batumi's economy revolves around tourism and gambling, but the city is also an important sea port and includes industries like shipbuilding, food processing and light manufacturing. Since 2010, Batumi
Batumi
has been transformed by the construction of modern high-rise buildings, as well as the restoration of classical 19th-century edifices lining its historic Old Town.[3]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Ottoman rule 1.3 Imperial Russian rule 1.4 War, communism, and late 20th-century independence 1.5 Present day

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Subdivisions 2.3 Cityscape

2.3.1 Contemporary architecture 2.3.2 Novelty architecture

2.4 Sites of interest

2.4.1 Main sights 2.4.2 Tourist attractions

3 Demographics 4 Culture

4.1 Notable people

5 Economy and infrastructure

5.1 Transportation

6 Postage stamps 7 International relations

7.1 Twin towns – sister cities

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Kingdom of Georgia
Kingdom of Georgia
1008–1463-1490 Principality of Guria
Principality of Guria
1460s-1564-1609-1723 Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
1723-1866 Russian Empire
Russian Empire
1866–1918 British Empire
British Empire
1918–1920 Democratic Republic of Georgia
Democratic Republic of Georgia
1920–1921 USSR
USSR
1921–1991  Georgia 1991–present

Main article: History of Batumi See also: Timeline of Batumi Early history[edit] Batumi
Batumi
is located on the site of the ancient Greek colony in Colchis called Bathus or Bathys – derived from the Greek phrase βαθύς λιμεν bathus limen or βαθύς λιμήν bathys limin meaning "deep harbor". Under Hadrian
Hadrian
(r. 117–138 AD), it was converted into a fortified Roman port and later deserted for the fortress of Petra founded in the time of Justinian I
Justinian I
(r. 527–565). Garrisoned by the Roman-Byzantine forces, it was formally a possession of the kingdom of Lazica
Lazica
until being occupied briefly by the Arabs, who did not hold it; in the 9th century it formed part of the Bagratid monarchy of Tao-Klarjeti
Tao-Klarjeti
and at the close of the 10th century of the unified kingdom of Georgia which succeeded it. From 1010, it was governed by the eristavi (viceroy) of the king of Georgia. In the late 15th century, after the disintegration of the Georgian kingdom, Batumi
Batumi
passed to the princes (mtavari) of Guria, a western Georgian principality under the sovereignty of the kings of Imereti. A curious incident occurred in 1444 when a Burgundian flotilla, after a failed crusade against the Ottoman Empire, penetrated the Black Sea and engaged in piracy along its eastern coastline until the Burgundians under the knight Geoffroy de Thoisy were ambushed while landing to raid Vaty, as Europeans then knew Batumi. De Thoisy was taken captive and released through the mediation of the emperor John IV of Trebizond. Ottoman rule[edit] In the 15th century in the reign of the prince Kakhaber Gurieli, the Ottoman Turks conquered the town and its district but did not hold them. They returned to it in force a century later and inflicted a decisive defeat on the Georgian armies at Sokhoista. Batumi
Batumi
was recaptured by the Georgians several times, first in 1564 by prince Rostom Gurieli, who lost it soon afterwards, and again in 1609 by Mamia II Gurieli. In 1723, Batumi
Batumi
again became part of the Ottoman Empire. With the Turkish conquest, the Islamisation
Islamisation
of the hitherto Christian region began but terminated and to a great degree reversed, after the area was re-annexed to Russian Imperial Georgia after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. Imperial Russian rule[edit]

Detail from a map of Antonio Zatta, 1784, depicting Georgian principality of Guria
Guria
and its major town Batumi.

Port
Port
of Batumi
Batumi
in 1881

It was the last Black Sea
Black Sea
port annexed by Russia
Russia
during the Russian conquest of that area of the Caucasus. In 1878, Batumi
Batumi
was annexed by the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in accordance with the Treaty of San Stefano between Russia
Russia
and the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
(ratified on March 23) . Occupied by the Russians on August 28, 1878, the town was declared a free port until 1886. It functioned as the center of a special military district until being incorporated in the Government of Kutaisi
Kutaisi
on June 12, 1883. Finally, on June 1, 1903, with the Okrug of Artvin, it was established as the region (oblast) of Batumi
Batumi
and placed under the direct control of the General Government of Georgia. The expansion of Batumi
Batumi
began in 1883 with the construction of the Batumi-Tiflis-Baku railway (completed in 1900) and the finishing of the Baku- Batumi
Batumi
pipeline. Henceforth, Batumi
Batumi
became the chief Russian oil port in the Black Sea. The town expanded to an extraordinary extent and the population increased rapidly: from 8,671 inhabitants in 1882 to 12,000 in 1889. By 1902 the population had reached 16,000, with 1,000 working in the refinery for Baron Rothschild's Caspian and Black Sea
Black Sea
oil company.[4] In the late 1880s and after, more than 7400 Doukhobor
Doukhobor
emigrants sailed for Canada from Batumi, after the government agreed to let them emigrate. Quakers and Tolstoyans aided in collecting funds for the relocation of the religious minority, which had come into conflict with the Imperial government over its refusal to serve in the military and other positions. Canada settled them in Manitoba
Manitoba
and Saskatchewan. War, communism, and late 20th-century independence[edit] During 1901, sixteen years prior to the October Revolution, Joseph Stalin, the future leader of the Soviet Union, lived in the city organizing strikes. On March 3, 1918, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gave the city back to the Ottoman Empire; unrest during the closing weeks of World War I led to the re-entry of Turkish forces in April 1918, followed in December by British forces, who stayed until July 1920. Kemal Atatürk
Kemal Atatürk
ceded the area to the Bolsheviks of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
on the condition that it be granted autonomy, for the sake of the Muslims among Batumi's mixed population. When the USSR
USSR
collapsed in 1989, Aslan Abashidze
Aslan Abashidze
was appointed head of Adjara's governing council and subsequently held onto power throughout the unrest of the 1990s. Whilst other regions, such as Abkhazia, attempted to break away from the Georgian state, Adjara
Adjara
remained as an integral part of the Republic's territory. Abashidze exploited the central government's weaknesses and ruled the area as a personal fiefdom. In May 2004, he fled to Russia
Russia
because of mass protests in Tbilisi
Tbilisi
sparked by the Rose Revolution. Present day[edit]

As Georgia's Black Sea
Black Sea
coast continues to develop, high-rises are being built amongst Batumi's traditionally classical cityscapes.

Batumi
Batumi
today is one of the main port cities of Georgia. It has the capacity for 80,000-ton tankers to take materials such as oil that are shipped through Georgia from Central Asia. Additionally, the city exports regional agricultural products. Since 1995 the freight conversion of the port has constantly risen, with an approximate 8 million tons in 2001. The annual revenue from the port is estimated at between $200 million and $300 million. Since the change of power in Adjara, Batumi
Batumi
has attracted international investors, and the prices of real estate in the city have trebled since 2001. In July 2007, the seat of the Constitutional Court of Georgia was moved from Tbilisi
Tbilisi
to Batumi
Batumi
to stimulate regional development.[5] Several new hotels opened after 2009, first the Sheraton in 2010 and the Radisson Blu in 2011. The Trump Tower and the Kempinski
Kempinski
was scheduled to open in 2013[clarification needed]. The city features several casinos that attract tourists from Turkey, where gambling is illegal. Batumi
Batumi
was host to the Russian 12th Military Base. Following the Rose Revolution, the central government pushed for the removal of these forces and reached agreement in 2005 with Moscow. According to the agreement, the process of withdrawal was planned to be completed in 2008, but the Russians completed the transfer of the Batumi
Batumi
base to Georgia on November 13, 2007, ahead of schedule.[6] In 2013, TAM GEO LLC announced it was investing $70 million to start construction of the 170-meter, 45-story mix-use complex Babillon Tower, which will be the tallest residential building in Georgia.[7] Geography[edit] Climate[edit]

Coast of Batumi
Batumi
as seen from a nearby cliff

Batumi
Batumi
has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) according to Köppen's classification. The city's climate is heavily influenced by the onshore flow from the Black Sea
Black Sea
and is subject to the orographic effect of the nearby hills and mountains, resulting in significant rainfall throughout most of the year, making Batumi
Batumi
the wettest city in both Georgia and the entire Caucasus
Caucasus
Region. The average annual temperature in Batumi
Batumi
is approximately 14 °C (57 °F). January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 7 °C (45 °F). August is the hottest month, with an average temperature of 22 °C (72 °F). The absolute minimum recorded temperature is −6 °C (21 °F), and the absolute maximum is 40 °C (104 °F). The number of days with daily temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) is 239. The city receives 1958 hours of sunshine per year. Batumi's average annual precipitation is 2,392 mm (94.2 in). December is the wettest month with an average of 303 mm (11.9 in) of precipitation, while May is the driest, averaging 84 mm (3.3 in). Batumi
Batumi
generally does not receive significant amounts of snow (accumulating snowfall of more than 30 cm (11.8 in)), and the number of days with snow cover for the year is 12. The average level of relative humidity ranges from 70–80%.

Climate data for Batumi

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 25.2 (77.4) 27.4 (81.3) 32.2 (90) 38.3 (100.9) 37.2 (99) 37.6 (99.7) 40.6 (105.1) 39.5 (103.1) 38.1 (100.6) 35.4 (95.7) 30.1 (86.2) 28.3 (82.9) 40.6 (105.1)

Average high °C (°F) 10.3 (50.5) 11.2 (52.2) 12.5 (54.5) 16.2 (61.2) 20.1 (68.2) 24.3 (75.7) 26.2 (79.2) 26.5 (79.7) 23.5 (74.3) 20.3 (68.5) 15.8 (60.4) 12.7 (54.9) 18.3 (64.94)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 6.7 (44.1) 8.8 (47.8) 12.3 (54.1) 16.0 (60.8) 20.2 (68.4) 22.6 (72.7) 23.1 (73.6) 19.9 (67.8) 16.4 (61.5) 11.9 (53.4) 9.0 (48.2) 14.46 (58.03)

Average low °C (°F) 4.1 (39.4) 3.8 (38.8) 5.5 (41.9) 9.3 (48.7) 13.1 (55.6) 17.3 (63.1) 19.9 (67.8) 20.3 (68.5) 16.9 (62.4) 13.4 (56.1) 9.1 (48.4) 6.4 (43.5) 11.59 (52.85)

Record low °C (°F) −7.7 (18.1) −8.2 (17.2) −6.7 (19.9) −2.5 (27.5) 3.4 (38.1) 8.1 (46.6) 12.9 (55.2) 12.6 (54.7) 7.5 (45.5) 2.0 (35.6) −3.9 (25) −4.2 (24.4) −8.2 (17.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 238 (9.37) 189 (7.44) 153 (6.02) 113 (4.45) 108 (4.25) 142 (5.59) 168 (6.61) 205 (8.07) 262 (10.31) 277 (10.91) 312 (12.28) 268 (10.55) 2,435 (95.87)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 99 105 126 148 199 235 214 223 201 176 125 107 1,958

Source #1: Climate Data[8]

Source #2: [9]

Subdivisions[edit] According to the March 31, 2008, decision of the Batumi
Batumi
City Council, Batumi
Batumi
is divided into seven boroughs, those of:

Old Batumi
Batumi
(ძველი ბათუმის უბანი) Rustaveli (რუსთაველის უბანი) Khimshiashvili (ხიმშიაშვილის უბანი) Bagrationi (ბაგრატიონის უბანი) Aghmashenebeli (აღმაშენებლის უბანი) Javakhishvili (ჯავახიშვილის უბანი) Tamar (თამარის უბანი) Boni-Gorodok (ბონი-გოროდოკის უბანი) Airport (აეროპორტის უბანი) Gonio-Kvariati (გონიო-კვარიათის უბანი) Kakhaberi (კახაბრის უბანი) Batumi
Batumi
Industrial (ბათუმის სამრეწველო უბანი) Green Cape (მწვანე კონცხის უბანი)[10]

Cityscape[edit] Contemporary architecture[edit]

Street in Batumi

Batumi
Batumi
Neptun Square

Batumi
Batumi
boulevard and beach

Batumi's skyline has been transformed since 2007 with remarkable buildings and monuments of contemporary architecture,[3] including:[11]

Radisson Blu hotel Public Service Hall Hilton Batumi Leogrand

A large Kempinski
Kempinski
hotel and casino is to open in 2013, a Hilton Hotel as well as a 47-storey Trump Tower is also planned.[12] Novelty architecture[edit] Novelty architecture
Novelty architecture
in Batumi
Batumi
includes:

Sheraton Hotel, designed in the style of the Great Lighthouse at Alexandria, Egypt[13] Alphabetic Tower
Alphabetic Tower
(145 metres (476 ft) high), celebrating Georgian script and writing Piazza, a mixed-used development in the form of an Italian piazza Buildings designed in the style of a lighthouse, the Acropolis, and an upside-down White House

Sites of interest[edit] Main sights[edit]

Batumi
Batumi
University Fountain

Attractions include

Adjara
Adjara
State Museum Aquarium Batumi
Batumi
Botanical Garden Circus Former resort area along the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Batumi
Batumi
Boulevard Batumi
Batumi
Botanical Gardens Cafe Fantasy Dancing Fountains, Batumi Dolphinarium Piazza Square Panoramic Wheel Astronomical clock Argo Cable Car 6 May Park Europe Square Alphabetic Tower Batumi
Batumi
Sea Port Miracle Park Chacha Clock Tower(defunct) Fountain Of Neptun Batumi
Batumi
Archeological Museum Monument Of Ilia Chavchavadze [14]

Demographics[edit]

Georgian Orthodox Cathedral of the Mother of God

Historical ethnic composition of Batumi[15]

Year Georgians Armenians Russians Greeks Others Total

1886 2,518 17% 3,458 23.4% 2,982 20.1% 1,660 11.2% 4,185 28.3% 14,803

1897[16][17] 6,087 21.4% 6,839 24% 6,224 21.8% 2,764 9.7% 6,594 23.1% 28,508

1926 17,804 36.7% 10,233 21.1% 8,760 18.1% 2,844 5.9% 8,833 18.2% 48,474

1959 40,181 48.8% 12,743 15.5% 20,857 25.3% 1,668 2% 6,879 8.4% 82,328

2002[18] 104,313 85.6% 7,517 6.2% 6,300 5.2% 587 0.5% 3,089 2.5% 121,806

Religion

Although there is no religious data available separately for Batumi, the majority of the region's inhabitants are Eastern Orthodox Christian, and primarily adhere to the national Georgian Orthodox Church.[19] There are also Sunni Muslim, Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, and Jewish communities.[19] The main places of worship in the city are:

Georgian Orthodox Cathedral of the Mother of God, and Saint Barbara Church Catholic Church of the Holy Spirit Saint Nicholas Church Batumi
Batumi
Mosque Batumi
Batumi
Armenian church Batumi
Batumi
Synagogue[20]

Culture[edit] Notable people[edit] Notable people who are from or have resided in Batumi:

Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1878-1953) Soviet dictator Herbert Backe, Reich Minister of Food in Nazi Germany Odysseas Dimitriadis (1908–2005) Greek-Soviet music conductor Mary, Princess Eristavi
Eristavi
(1888–1986), Georgian princess and model Irakli Alasania
Irakli Alasania
(*1973), Georgian politician, Minister of Defense Victor Asrielevich Grossman (ru), (1887–1978), writer Sopho Khalvashi
Sopho Khalvashi
(*1986), first Georgian entrant to the Eurovision Song Contest 2007 Mindia Khitarishvili
Mindia Khitarishvili
(*1973), composer Konstantin Meladze (*1963), composer and producer Valery Meladze
Valery Meladze
(*1965), singer Katie Melua, singer Arkady and Boris Strugatsky
Arkady and Boris Strugatsky
(1925–1991 ; 1933–2012), science fiction authors Ioseb Bardanashvili (*1948), composer William Horwood Stuart (1857–1906), British diplomat who was murdered there in 1906 Fyodor Yurchikhin
Fyodor Yurchikhin
(*1959), astronaut Sergei Yesenin
Sergei Yesenin
(1895–1925), Russian lyrical poet Khatia Buniatishvili
Khatia Buniatishvili
(*1987), a concert pianist Devi Khajishvili
Devi Khajishvili
(*1991), a Hollywood actor

Economy and infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] The city is served by Batumi
Batumi
Airport, one of three international airports in the country. A bike-sharing scheme named BatumVelo allows you to rent a bicycle on the street with a smart card.

The seaport of Batumi
Batumi
with the city in the background.

The port of Batumi
Batumi
is on one of the routes of China's proposed Eurasian Land Bridge
Eurasian Land Bridge
(part of the "New Silk Road"), which would see an eastern freight link to China via Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
and the Caspian Sea, and a western link by ferry to Ukraine
Ukraine
and on to Europe.[21] Postage stamps[edit] Main article: Postage stamps of Batum under British occupation International relations[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Georgia Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Batumi
Batumi
is twinned with:[22][23]

Bari, Italy, 1987.[22] Donostia–San Sebastián, Spain, 1987.[22][23] Savannah, USA, 1992.[22][23] Piraeus, Greece, 1996.[22][23][24] Kislovodsk, Russia, 1997.[22] Ashdod, Israel, 2011. Trabzon, Turkey, 2000.[22][23] Vanadzor, Armenia, 2006.[22][23] Volos, Greece, 2007.[22][23] Yalta, Ukraine, 2008.[22][23] Burgas, Bulgaria, 2009.[22] Marbella, Spain, 2010.[22] Kuşadası, Turkey, 2010.[22] Ordu, Turkey, 2011.[22] Ternopil, Ukraine, 2011.[22][23] New Orleans, USA, 2012.[22] Yalova, Turkey, 2012.[22] Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan, 2012.[22] Daugavpils, Latvia, 2012.[22][23] Arak, Iran, 2013.[22] Brest, Belarus, 2015.[25]

See also[edit]

Adjara Hotel Intourist Palace

References[edit]

^ Mekvabishvili, Kakha. "Mayor of Batumi". Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ a b "2014 General Population Census Main Results General Information" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 2 May 2016.  ^ a b Spritzer, Dinah (9 September 2010). "Glamour revives port of Batumi". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 December 2014.  ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Young Stalin, page 77. ^ Constitutional Court of Georgia – Brief History Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Russia
Russia
Hands Over Batumi
Batumi
Military Base to Georgia". Civil Georgia, Tbilisi. November 13, 2007.  ^ Tam Geo LLC Reporting 13 MLN Dollar sprend Archived August 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Climate Data". Retrieved 26 November 2016.  ^ "The duration of sunshine in some cities of the former USSR" (in Russian). Meteoweb.ru. Retrieved 27 September 2012.  ^ (in Georgian) დადგენილება N 3-1 ბათუმის უბნები[permanent dead link] (Decision #3.1. Boroughs of Batumi). Batumi
Batumi
City Council. Accessed November 15, 2009 ^ Planet, Lonely; Noble, John; Kohn, Michael; Systermans, Danielle (April 1, 2012). "Lonely Planet Georgia, Armenia
Armenia
& Azerbaijan". Lonely Planet. Retrieved October 8, 2016 – via Google Books.  ^ "TOURISM IS FLOURISHING IN BLACK SEA RESORT", AP, November 11, 2012 Archived August 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Sheraton Hotels & Resorts Debuts in the Black Sea
Black Sea
Resort Destination of Batumi", Starwood Hotels and Resorts site ^ "404". Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ "население грузии". Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ "Демоскоп Weekly – Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ "Батумский округ 1897". Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ http://www.geostat.ge/cms/site_images/_files/english/census/2002/03%20Ethnic%20Composition.pdf ^ a b National Statistics Office of Georgia. Population Census 2014: Population by Regions and Religion, Retrieved: 6 May 2016 ^ "Batumi: sights". Official website of Batumi. Retrieved May 10, 2009.  ^ Dyussembekova, Zhazira (21 January 2016). "Silk Road Renewed With Launch of New Commercial Transit Route". The Astana Times.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t " Batumi
Batumi
– Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi
Batumi
City Hall. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-08-10.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mekvabishvili, Kakha. "კანონმდებლობა – ინდივიდუალური-სამართლებრივი აქტები". Retrieved October 8, 2016.  ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25.  ^ "Georgia's Batumi
Batumi
and Belarus' Brest become twin cities". Agenda.ge. 24 April 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 

Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia. Georgian SSR (Supplementary Edition). 1981. pp. 16–18.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Batumi.

Batumi
Batumi
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Official Visitor Guide to Batumi Batumi
Batumi
Photo Gallery

Coordinates: 41°38′19″N 41°38′14″E / 41.63861°N 41.63722°E / 41.63861; 41.63722

v t e

Cities, towns and townlets in Georgia

Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia

Sokhumi Akhali Atoni Gagra Gali Gudauta Ochamchire Tkvarcheli Bichvinta Gantiadi Gulripshi Leselidze Miusera

Autonomous Republic of Adjara

Batumi Kobuleti Makhinjauri Chakvi Ochkhamuri Keda Khelvachauri Shuakhevi Khulo

Guria

Ozurgeti Lanchkhuti Chokhatauri Kveda Nasakirali Laituri Naruja Ureki

Imereti

Kutaisi Chiatura Baghdati Khoni Sachkhere Samtredia Terjola Tkibuli Tsqaltubo Vani Zestaponi Kharagauli Kulashi Shorapani

Kakheti

Telavi Akhmeta Dedoplistsqaro Gurjaani Lagodekhi Sagarejo Sighnaghi Kvareli Tsnori Mirzaani

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

Mtskheta Dusheti Akhalgori Sioni Stepantsminda Tianeti Zhinvali

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

Zugdidi Abasha Anaklia Jvari Khobi Martvili Poti Senaki Tsalenjikha Chkhorotsqu Mestia Ushguli

Samtskhe-Javakheti

Akhaltsikhe Akhalkalaki Borjomi Ninotsminda Vale Abastumani Adigeni Akhaldaba Aspindza Bakuriani Bakurianis Andeziti Tsagveri

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti

Ambrolauri Oni Tsageri Kharistvala Kvaisa Lentekhi

Kvemo Kartli

Rustavi Bolnisi Gardabani Dmanisi Tetritskaro Marneuli Tsalka Bediani Kazreti Manglisi Shaumiani Tamarisi Trialeti

Shida Kartli

Gori Kaspi Kareli Tskhinvali Khashuri Agara Java Surami Kornisi

Cities with local government

Tbilisi Batumi Kutaisi Rustavi Gori Zugdidi Poti Telavi Akhaltsikhe Ozurgeti Mtskheta Ambrolauri

Capital city

Tbilisi

v t e

Municipalities of Georgia

Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia

Gagra Gali Gudauta Gulripshi Ochamchire Sokhumi

Autonomous Republic of Adjara

Batumi Keda Kobuleti Shuakhevi Khelvachauri Khulo

Guria

Lanchkhuti Ozurgeti Chokhatauri

Imereti

Kutaisi Baghdati Vani Zestafoni Terjola Samtredia Sachkhere Tkibuli Tsqaltubo Chiatura Kharagauli Khoni

Kakheti

Akhmeta Gurjaani Dedoplistsqaro Telavi Lagodekhi Sagarejo Sighnaghi Qvareli

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

Akhalgori Dusheti Tianeti Mtskheta Kazbegi

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti

Ambrolauri Lentekhi Oni Tsageri

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

Poti Abasha Zugdidi Martvili Mestia Senaki Chkhorotsku Tsalenjikha Khobi

Samtskhe-Javakheti

Adigeni Aspindza Akhalkalaki Akhaltsikhe Borjomi Ninotsminda

Kvemo Kartli

Rustavi Bolnisi Gardabani Dmanisi Tetritsqaro Marneuli Tsalka

Shida Kartli

Gori Kaspi Kareli Khashuri Java

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159456

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