Bathukamma is floral festival celebrated predominantly by the Hindu
women of Telangana. Every year this festival is celebrated as
per Shalivahana calendar for nine days starting Bhadrapada Amavasya
(also known as
Amavasya or Pitru Amavasya) till Durgashtami,
usually in September–October of Gregorian calendar.
celebrated for nine days during
Durga Navratri. It starts on the day
Amavasya and the 9-day festivities will culminate on
"Saddula Bathukamma" or "Pedda Bathukamma" festival on Ashwayuja
Ashtami, popularly known as Durgashtami which is two days before
Bathukamma is followed by Boddemma, which is a 7-day
festival. Boddemma festival that marks the ending of Varsha Ruthu
Bathukamma festival indicates the beginning of Sarad or
Bathukamma represents cultural spirit of Telangana. Bathukamma
is a beautiful flower stack, arranged with different unique seasonal
flowers most of them with medicinal values, in seven concentric layers
in the shape of temple gopuram. In Telugu, ‘Bathukamma' means
‘Mother Goddess come Alive’ and Goddess Maha Gauri-‘Life
Giver’ is worshipped in the form of
Bathukamma – the patron
goddess of womanhood, Maha Gauri Devi.
It is the festival for feminine felicitation. On this special occasion
women dress up in the traditional sari combining it with jewels and
other accessories. Teenage Girls wear Langa-Oni/Half-Sarees/Lehenga
Choli combining it with jewels in order to bring out the traditional
grace of the attire. The 2017 dates are September 20–28. Day1-
Engili pula Bhathukamma Day2-Atukula Bhathukamma Day3-Muddappappu
Bhathukamma Day4-Nanbiyyam Bhathukamma Day5-Atla Bhathukamma
Day6-Aligina Bhathukamma (alaka Bhathukamma) Day7-Vepakayala
Bhathukamma Day8-Venna muddala Bhathukamma Day9-Saddula Bhathukamma
3.1 Saddula Bathukamma
5 Other Versions
7 External links
Vemulavaada Chalukya were sub-feudatories of Raastrakoota kings. In
the wars between Chola kings and Raastrakootas these Chalukyas sided
In 973 AD Rastrakoota sub-feudal chalukya lord Tailapudu-2 defeated
the last king Karkudu-2 of raashtrakoota kings and established
independent Kalyani Chalukya kingdom. The present
Telangana region was
under his authority. After the death of Tailapudu-2 in 997 AD his son
Satyaasrayudu became the king.
In the erstwhile kingdom of Vemulavaada (present
Rajarajeswara temple is popular. Rajarajeswara received worship from
Telangana people as their beloved deity.
Chola king, Paraantaka Sundara Chola was in troubles while defending
the attack from Raastrakoota kings. Learning that Rajarajeswara will
help those in troubles Paraantaka chola turned as his devotee.
Also, he named his son as Raja Raja. This is evident from Arikesari
epigraph. Raja Raja Chola ruled between 985-1014 AD. His son Rajendra
Chola attacked as a Chief of Army and stood victorious on Satyaasraya.
As a sign of his victory he destroyed Rajeswara’s temple and took
the Bruhat (huge) Siva linga to his father as a gift. In 1006 AD Raja
Raja Chola had started building a temple to this huge Sivalinga
(Brihadeswara). In 1010 AD he installed this Linga. Chola kings also
announced in Tamil epigraphs that this Brihadeswara temple is built
from the wealth looted in the attack on Vemulavaada Chalukya kingdom.
Even now the similarities between the Sivalinga of Vemulavaada
Bheemeswaralayam and Sivalinga of Brihadeeswaralayam of Tanjavuru can
be seen. Taking away the Sivalinga from Vemulavaada to Tanjavuru
downhearted people of Telangana.
Telangana in the form of Linga, along with an attempt to
console Paarvathi (Bruhadamma) in the temple here and to inform
sorrowfulness to Cholas, Batukamma is arranged with flowers like Meru
mountain. On its top Gouramma made with turmeric is placed and is
recounted with sing and play for nine days. Dispatching her in water
and calling her back took a shape of a festival. Batukamma name is
derived from Bruhadamma. Batukamma festival is a social denouncing
movement practiced from 1000 years. Only songs are sung with mother
Goddess Parvathi’s name with comforting, who is without shiva..
On first five days women will clean their vakili (courtyard), cow dung
mixed with water is spread in the courtyard as a ground-base, decorate
the ground-base with managala aakara or muggu patterns or rangoli made
of rice flour. For the first five days Batukamma is prepared with cow
dung. Five small lumps in cone shape are arranged in the vakili.
Men in the house gather flowers
Bathukamma Flowers from the wild
plains like Celosia, Senna, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Indian Lotus,
Cucurbita leaves & flowers, Cucumis Sativus leaves & flowers,
Memecylon edule, Tridax procumbens, Trachyspermum ammi, Katla, Teku
Flowers, etc., which bloom in this season in various vibrant colors
all across the uncultivated and barren plains of the region.
Bathukamma is a folk art. Women start preparing Bathukamma
from the afternoon. They cut the flowers leaving the little length
base, some dip Gunugu (Celosia) flowers in various vibrant colours,
some scented and arrange them on a wide plate called Thambalam
For the nine days, in the evening, women, especially young girls,
gather in large numbers with their Bathukammas in open areas of their
locality. All women will form a circle around the
Bathukamma and start
singing folk songs by clapping their hands and revolving around the
Bathukamma, synchronizing steps and claps in unison provide a
splendorous look to the festivities. Women seek good health,
prosperity and happiness for their families. The songs are to invoke
the blessings of various goddesses. By principle, the rendition end
with any one of the following three tributes Uyyaala -
ఉయ్యాల, Chandamama - చందమామ or Gouramma.
Telangana Women Celebrating Bathukamma
Each day has a name mainly signifying the type of "naivedyam" (food
offering) offered. Most of the naivedyam offered are very simple to
prepare, and usually young children or young girls are mainly involved
in the preparation of the offerings for the first eight days of the
festival. The last day, called saddula
Bathukamma is when all the
women take part in the preparation. Following is the list of names for
each day and the naivedyam offered on that day.
Engili pula Bathukamma- The first day of the festival falls on
Mahalaya Amavasya, also known as Pethara
Food offering/Naivedyam: Nuvvulu (Sesame seeds) with biyyampindi (rice
flour) or nookalu (coarsely ground wet rice).
Atkula Bathukamma: The second day is called Atkula bathukamma, falls
on the Padyami (first day) of Ashwayuja masam.
Food offering/Naivedyam: Sappidi pappu (Bland boiled lentils), bellam
(jaggery), and atkulu (flattened parboiled rice)
Muddapappu Bathukamma: The third day of
Bathukamma falls on
Vidiya/second day of Ashwayuja masam.
Food offering/Naivedyam: muddapappu (softened boiled lentils), milk
and bellam (jaggery)
Nanabiyyam Bathukamma: The fourth day falls on thidiya/third day of
Food offering/Naivedyam: nananesina biyyam (wet rice), milk, and
Atla Bathukamma: The fifth day falls on the chathurdi/fourth day of
Food offering/Naivedyam: uppidi pindi atlu (pan cakes made from
wheatlets), or Dosa
Aligina Bathukamma: The sixth day falls on the panchami/fifth day of
No food offering is made.
Vepakayala Bathukamma: The seventh day falls on the sashti/sixth day
of Ashwayuja masam.
Food offering/Naivedyam: rice flour shaped into the fruits of neem
tree is deepfried.
Vennamuddala Bathukamma: The eight day falls on sapthami/seventh day
of Ashwayuja masam.
Food offering/Naivedyam: nuvvulu (sesame), Venna (Butter) or ghee
(clarified butter), and bellam (jaggery)
Saddula Bathukamma: The ninth day of bathukamma is celebrated on
ashtami/eight day of Ashwayuja masam, and coincides with Durgashtami.
Food offering/Naivedyam: Five types of cooked rice dishes: perugannam
saddi (curd rice), chinthapandu pulihora saddi (tamarind rice),
nimmakaya saddi (lemon rice), kobbara saddi (coconut rice) and nuvvula
saddi (sesame rice)
This festival is celebrated for nine days and concludes on Durgastami.
The last day of the festival is called Saddula Bathukamma. On this
final day immersion of
Bathukamma Visarjan) in water
bodies is celebrated with utmost devotion and enthusiasm with rhythmic
drum beats throughout Telangana. The evening offers a beautiful,
calming and a peaceful visual treat. Guramma (a symbolic idol of Gowri
made of turmeric) is taken back from
Bathukamma before immersion and
every married woman applies a paste of this, on her
Mangala sutra that
marks the solemnization of her marriage and also her husband is
protected from all evils and ill fate.
For 9 days of festival each day a Nivedyam or a special dish is
prepared and offered to the goddess. Generally ingredients of the
dishes are Corn (మొక్క జొన్నలు), Sorghum
(జొన్నలు), Bajra (సజ్జలు), Black Gram
(మినుములు), Bengal Gram (శనగలు), Green Gram
(పెసర్లు), Ground Nuts (పల్లి), Sesame
(నువ్వులు), Wheat (గోధుమలు), Rice
(బియ్యము), Cashew Nut (Kaju), Jaggery
(బెల్లం), Milk (పాలు) etc. Maleeda - a combination
Roti and Jaggery, is prepared on this day and distributed at the
end of the event.
Once upon a time, King Dharmangada of Chola Dynasty used to rule South
India. After many prayers and rituals, his wife gave birth to
Goddess Lakshmi. Baby
Lakshmi survived many accidents. So, the parents
Bathukamma (Bathuku = Life, Amma = Mother). Since then
Bathukamma festival is celebrated by young girls in Telangana. The
purpose of this festival is to pray to the Goddess in the belief that
the young girls would get husbands as per their wish, to teach the
young girls how to take care of their in-laws, their husbands, be
great women who respect elders, love people around them, be guides to
their younger ones. Further, married women celebrate the festival to
pray to the Goddess for good health and prosperity of their families.
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Bathukamma means ‘come back to life mother’ and it is an asking
for Goddess Sati to return. Legend has it that Sati returned as
Parvati and therefore the festival is also dedicated to
There are many myths behind this festival. According to one myth
Goddess Gauri killed 'Mahishasura' the demon after a fierce fight.
After this act, she went to sleep on the 'Aswayuja Padyami', due to
fatigue. The devotees prayed to her to wake up, and she woke up on the
The other being Bathukamma, as the daughter of the 'Chola' King
'Dharmangada' and 'Satyavati'. The king and queen lost their 100 sons
in the battlefield and prayed to Goddess
Lakshmi to be born in their
house, as their child. Goddess
Lakshmi heard their sincere prayers and
chose to oblige them. When
Lakshmi was born in the royal palace, all
the sages came to bless her and they blessed her with immortality
Bathukamma or Live Forever".
Bathukamma or 'Shakthi', according to one legend, is a lover of
flowers. Flowers are arranged on a square wooden plank or a square
bamboo frame with the size of frames tapering off to form a pinnacle
on top. They resemble the shape of a temple 'Gopura'. Gauramma (a
symbolic idol of Gowri made of turmeric) is placed on top of the
flowers. This little floral mountain is worshipped as Goddess
This festival is celebrated with joy and gaiety. During these
celebrations, there are dance performances, music, dramas and a
variety of entertainments as thousands of tourists and locals too,
flock to witness the happenings. 'Jataras' are also held during this
month long celebrations..
Bathukamma festival begins in Telangana
^ Chinese guests to savour Telangana’s flavour this Bathukamma
^ Like Tilak, we'll promote culture to cement our
Bathukamma Essence". telanganatourism.gov.in. Archived from the
original on 2017-09-19. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
Bathukamma festival begins in Telangana: All you need to know
Bathukamma - Telangana's Floral Festival is here
Telangan's Floral Festival
A journey through change
The Hindu, 22 February 2005. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
Telangana flavour in the US
Joys of cooking
Hindu, 27 September 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
Hindu Student Association. Cleveland State University.
2006-02-20. Archived from the original
http://www.csuohio.edu/hindu/Gauri.htm) on 2007-08-11. Retrieved
Grand finale to Bathukamma
Hindu, 19 October 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
Bathukamma Panduga Patalu Mariyu Sampradhayalu by
Vishnu Murthy, Akunoor, Warangal Dist.,Telangana.,India.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bathukamma.
Bathukamma Official site
The festival of Flowers