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Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
(French pronunciation: ​[bɑ.ʁɛ̃]; Alsatian: Unterelsàss) is a department in the Grand Est
Grand Est
region of France. The name means "Lower Rhine", however, geographically speaking it belongs to the Upper Rhine
Rhine
region. It is the more populous and densely populated of the two departments of the traditional Alsace
Alsace
region, with 1,112,815 inhabitants in 2014. The prefecture and the General Council are based in Strasbourg. The INSEE and Post Code is 67. The inhabitants of the department are known as Bas-Rhinois or Bas-Rhinoises.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Climate

2.1 A contrasting climate 2.2 Climate records 2.3 Name

3 History

3.1 Heraldry

4 Demography

4.1 Changing demographics in Bas-Rhin 4.2 Second homes

5 Economy 6 Law 7 Administration 8 Higher Education 9 Tourism

9.1 Religious monuments 9.2 Museums

10 Popular Traditions

10.1 The stork 10.2 Traditional costume 10.3 Festivals

11 See also 12 External links 13 References

Geography[edit] The Rhine
Rhine
has always been of great historical and economic importance to the area, and it forms the eastern border of Bas-Rhin. The area is also home to some of the foothills of the Vosges
Vosges
Mountains. To the north of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
lies the Palatinate forest
Palatinate forest
(Pfälzerwald) in the German State of Rhineland-Palatinate, and the German State of Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
lies to the east. To the south lies the department of Haut-Rhin, the town of Colmar
Colmar
and southern Alsace, and to the west the department of Moselle. On its southwestern corner, Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
also joins the department of Vosges. Climate[edit] A contrasting climate[edit] The Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
has a continental-type climate, characterised by cold, dry winters and hot, stormy summers, due to the western protection provided by the Vosges. However, the Alsatian climate is less continental than that of Burgundy. The average annual temperature is 10.4 °C (51 °F) in the lowlands (Entzheim) and 7 °C (45 °F) on high ground. The annual maximum temperature is high (30 °C (86 °F)). The average rainfall is 700 mm (27.56 in) per year. Climate records[edit] Established according to data from the Infoclimat station at Strasbourg-Entzheim (the airport), over the period from 1961 to 1990.

Lowest temperature -23.2 °C

Coldest day 2 January 1971

Highest temperature 37.4 °C

Hottest day 2 July 1952

Highest 24-hour rainfall 62.9 mm

Wettest day 23 May 1978

Wettest year 1987 (811.1mm)

Dryest year 1949 (392.6mm)

Comparison of local Meteorological data with other cities in France[2]

Town Sunshine

(hours/yr) Rain

(mm/yr) Snow

(days/yr) Storm

(days/yr) Fog

(days/yr)

National Average 1,973 770 14 22 40

Strasbourg 1,693 665 29 29 56

Paris 1,661 637 12 18 10

Nice 2,724 767 1 29 1

Brest 1,605 1,211 7 12 75

Climate data for Strasbourg

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 4.5 (40.1) 6.4 (43.5) 11.4 (52.5) 15.7 (60.3) 20.2 (68.4) 23.4 (74.1) 25.7 (78.3) 25.4 (77.7) 21.0 (69.8) 15.3 (59.5) 8.8 (47.8) 5.2 (41.4) 15.3 (59.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 1.9 (35.4) 2.9 (37.2) 7.0 (44.6) 10.5 (50.9) 15.0 (59) 18.1 (64.6) 20.1 (68.2) 19.8 (67.6) 15.8 (60.4) 11.2 (52.2) 5.8 (42.4) 2.8 (37) 10.9 (51.6)

Average low °C (°F) −0.8 (30.6) −0.6 (30.9) 2.5 (36.5) 5.2 (41.4) 9.8 (49.6) 12.8 (55) 14.5 (58.1) 14.1 (57.4) 10.6 (51.1) 7.1 (44.8) 2.8 (37) 0.4 (32.7) 6.5 (43.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.2 (1.268) 34.5 (1.358) 42.8 (1.685) 45.9 (1.807) 81.9 (3.224) 71.6 (2.819) 72.7 (2.862) 61.4 (2.417) 63.5 (2.5) 61.5 (2.421) 47.0 (1.85) 50.0 (1.969) 665.0 (26.181)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 8.4 8.1 9.1 9.2 11.5 10.7 10.8 9.9 8.6 9.5 9.3 9.8 114.9

Mean monthly sunshine hours 58 84 135 180 202 224 229 220 164 99 55 43 1,693

Source: Meteorological data for Strasbourg
Strasbourg
- 150m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)

Name[edit] This is the last French department to have kept the term Bas meaning "Lower" in its name. Other departments using this prefix preferred to change their names - e.g.: Basses-Pyrenees in 1969 became Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Pyrénées-Atlantiques
and Basses-Alpes in 1970 became the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. The same phenomenon was observed for the inférieur (also meaning "lower") departments such as Charente-Inférieure, Seine-Inférieure, and Loire-Inférieure. History[edit] Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790, during the French Revolution. On 14 January 1790 the National Constituent Assembly decreed:

"- That Alsace
Alsace
be divided into two departments with Strasbourg
Strasbourg
and Colmar
Colmar
as their capitals; - That the Department of Strasbourg
Strasbourg
will be divided into three districts [...]; - That the land of the German princes, coming under the sovereignty of France
France
will be included in the division of districts; - That Landau, an enclave in the Palatinate, will have special justice [...]."

The borders of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
have changed many times:

In 1793 it absorbed the following territories newly annexed by France:

The County of Sarrewerden; The County of Drulingen; The lordship of Diemeringen;

The lordship of Asswiller
Asswiller
of the Steinkallenfels family; Several communes from the Palatinate[3] In 1795[4] the region of Schirmeck
Schirmeck
- where the people did not speak Alsatian - was detached from the district of Sélestat
Sélestat
and attached to Vosges
Vosges
(District of Senones);[5] In 1808 some territories east of the Rhine
Rhine
were annexed, especially the city of Kehl; In 1814, after the first Treaty of Paris, France
France
gained the territories north of the Lauter from the former department of Mont-Tonnerre
Mont-Tonnerre
and including the city of Landau,[6] but lost all the territories east of the Rhine;[7] In 1815, following the second Treaty of Paris, France
France
lost all the territories north of the Lauter[8] and the department was occupied by troops from Baden and Saxon from June 1815 to November 1818. In 1871 Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
was annexed by Germany (by the Treaty of Frankfurt) and then became Bezirk Unterelsass in Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen; In 1919 Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
became French again (Treaty of Versailles) and retained the territories that Germany had taken from the department of Vosges
Vosges
in 1871 (the Canton of Schirmeck
Schirmeck
and Canton of Saales); In 1944 Kehl
Kehl
was attached to Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
before being reassigned to the new West Germany
West Germany
in 1953; In 1982 the department is included in the newly created Alsace
Alsace
region; On 7 April 2013 a referendum was held on the creation of a single community in Alsace
Alsace
for joining the Alsace
Alsace
region and the two departments of Haut-Rhin
Haut-Rhin
and Bas-Rhin.

Strasbourg, the chef lieu (principal city) of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is the official seat of the European Parliament
European Parliament
as well as of the Council of Europe. Heraldry[edit]

The coat of arms of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is closely linked to the history of Basse-Alsace. It appeared for the first time in 1262 on a seal of the Counts of Werd who originated from Woerth near Erstein
Erstein
and who became landgrafs of Lower Alsace
Alsace
in 1156. Blazon: Gules, a bend argent cotised fleury the same.

Demography[edit] The demography of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is characterized by high density and high population growth since the 1950s. In January 2014 Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
officially had 1,112,815 inhabitants and was 18th by population at the national level. In fifteen years, from 1999 to 2014, its population grew by more than 86,000 people, or about 5,800 people per year. But this variation is differentiated among the 517 communes that make up the department. The population density of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is 234 inhabitants per square kilometre in 2014 which is more than twice the average in France, which was 112 in 2009. Changing demographics in Bas-Rhin[edit] The first census was conducted in 1801 and this count, renewed every five years from 1821, provides precise information on the evolution of population in the department. With 540,213 inhabitants in 1831, the department represented 1.66% of the total French population, which was then 32,569,000 inhabitants. From 1831 to 1866, the department gained 48,757 people, an increase of 0.26% on average per year compared to the national average of 0.48% over the same period. Demographic change between the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870 and the First World War
First World War
was higher than the national average. Over this period, the population increased by 100,532 inhabitants, an increase of 16.74%, compared to 10% nationally. The population increased by 9.23% between the two world wars from 1921 to 1936 compared to a national growth of 6.9%. Like other French departments, Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
experienced a population boom after the Second World War, higher than the national level. The rate of population growth between 1946 and 2007 was 83.83%, compared to 57% nationally. Population change (See database)

1791 1801 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851

- 450,238 500,926 - 540,213 561,859 560,113 - 587,434

1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896

563,855 577,574 588,970 600,406 598,180 612,015 612,077 621,505 638,624

1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954

659,432 686,695 700,938 651,686 670,985 688,242 711,830 673,281 707,934

1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2009 -

770,150 827,367 882,121 915,676 953,053 1,026,023 1,084,840 1,094,439 -

Sources : SPLAF Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Second homes[edit] According to the general census of the population of 1 January 2008, 2.3% of available housing in the department were second homes. This table shows the main towns of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
where second homes exceed 10% of total housing. Communes with more than 10% Secondary Lodgings

Commune Population No. of Lodgings Secondary Lodgings % Secondary Lodgings

Le Hohwald 492 557 305 54.76%

Albé 476 366 166 45.29%

Plaine 965 636 215 33.81%

Wangenbourg-Engenthal 1,383 786 206 26.18%

Grendelbruch 1,240 685 150 21.85%

Bœrsch 2,401 1,258 220 17.49%

Sources :

Source INSEE, data from 1 January 2008.

Economy[edit] The Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
department has a high density of SMEs and SMIs and a higher proportion of workers in industry than the national average. Tourism activity is intense and creates many indirect jobs. The rate of unemployment is among the lowest in France: 6.5%. The average GDP per capita is €18,795 which places the region as the second largest in France
France
with 2.9% of national GDP. Employment is distributed in the following way, as a percentage of the labor force: Agriculture: 8,411 or 2% Crafts and industry: 97,349 or 24.2% Building and Public Works: 23,928 or 6.0% Tertiary Sector: 271,984 or 67.8% Frontaliers:[9] 28,186

Weighting of the major economic sectors

Trades: 11 358 companies comprising:

Supply: 11% Production: 21% Building: 37% Services: 31%

Food industry  : 568 units employing 15,884 employees Commerce:

Hypermarkets  : 15 Supermarkets  : 117 Other retail: 7,507 including non-food 5,229

Tourism: 3,216 hotels with 11,100 rooms Law[edit] Alsace
Alsace
and the adjacent Moselle department have a legal system slightly different from the rest of France. The statutes in question date from the period 1871 - 1919 when the area was part of the German Empire. With the return of Alsace-Lorraine
Alsace-Lorraine
to France
France
in 1919, Paris accepted that Alsace
Alsace
and Moselle should retain some local laws in respect of certain matters, especially with regard to hunting, economic life, local government relationships, health insurance and social rights. It includes notably the absence of any formal separation between church and state: several mainstream denominations of the Christian church benefit from state funding, in contrast to principles applied in the rest of France. Administration[edit] The seat of the General Council is located in Strasbourg, in a building designed by the architect Claude Vasconi. The current prefect of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is Stéphane Fratacci. The representative of the Lower Rhine
Rhine
for the National Youth Council is Mr. Gautier Lutz. Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is composed of five arrondissements (Haguenau-Wissembourg, Molsheim, Saverne, Sélestat-Erstein, and Strasbourg)[10] and 23 cantons.[11] Higher Education[edit] Through its secondary and higher education institutions, Alsace
Alsace
is a very important region for students and is very internationally oriented. Strasbourg
Strasbourg
alone welcomes 75% of students in its university. Since the merger of three faculties and the IUT of Illkirch and of Schiltigheim it has become one of the largest universities in France. There are also renowned institutions such as the National School of Administration (ENA), the National Institute of Territorial Studies (INET), the Higher European Institute of Management, and the National School of Physics of Strasbourg. Tourism[edit]

Château du Haut-Kœnigsbourg

The Château du Haut-Kœnigsbourg: built in the 12th century, the castle of Haut-Koenigsbourg dominates the plain of Alsace
Alsace
more than 700 metres (2,297 feet) above sea level. Destroyed during the Thirty Years War, it was restored from 1900 to 1908 by the German Emperor Wilhelm II. It houses a large collection of weapons and period furniture. The Château du Fleckenstein: early 12th century, built by the imperial family of Hohenstaufen, the castle was occupied and turned into an impregnable fortress by the Fleckenstein family. Many activities are offered such as the "Castle of challenges". There is a large selection of 20 games crossing the forest and in the secret rooms of the castle to discover life in the Middle Ages. The Château de Lichtenberg: built in the early 13th century on a hill overlooking the village, the site includes contemporary space-related cultural activities. With more than 27 million tourists per year, Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
is the 5th largest French department for the number of room-nights for visitors per year. Other sites of interest are:

Château de La Petite-Pierre Château du Haut-Barr Château de Diedendorf Château d'Andlau Château de Kintzheim

Religious monuments[edit]

Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Cathedral

Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Cathedral: Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Cathedral is a masterpiece of Gothic art. Measuring 142 metres high from the Parvise
Parvise
to the top of the tower, it is considered the second largest cathedral in France
France
after that of Rouen. Its astronomical clock dates from the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the mechanism dated 1492 is a masterpiece in itself. The Mont Sainte-Odile: a living spiritual place. Rising to 764 metres, this mountain in Vosges
Vosges
is topped by a monastery founded by Saint-Odile, the patron saint of Alsace. It is a tourist attraction and also a place of pilgrimage. Museums[edit]

Museums in Strasbourg

The Alsatian Museum: A museum of Art and Popular Traditions. There is a large collection of utilitarian objects, decorative objects, as well as costumes that depict everyday life in Alsace
Alsace
in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art: Located in the heart of the city of Strasbourg, the Museum of Modern and Contemporary houses nearly 18,000 works divided into three departments: fine arts, graphic art, and photography. Some of the greatest innovators of the 20th century are on display. The Tomi Ungerer Museum: there is a large collection of drawings, archives, magazines, and toys donated to his hometown by the French illustrator Tomi Ungerer. It also hosts temporary exhibitions. The Palais Rohan: The Rohan Palace was built between 1731 and 1742 at the request of Armand de Rohan-Soubise, Cardinal and Bishop of Strasbourg, who made his residence in the historic heart of the city. It also hosts the Arts and Crafts Museum, Archaeological Museum, and the Museum of Fine Arts. Popular Traditions[edit] The stork[edit] The stork is the emblematic bird of Alsace. According to legend, it brings newborn babies wrapped in a cloth tightly in its beak. Once disappeared, it has now been protected and become an integral part of the landscape. They can be seen mostly on the roofs of public buildings and more on houses.[12] Traditional costume[edit] The traditional Alsatian costume is a symbol of the region. Although it is usually composed of a black hat and a red skirt, the symbol of Alsace, there are many other outfits that vary between villages but also according to the social status of the person. Today virtually disappeared, they can still be seen in some villages at various events and through folk groups. Festivals[edit] Many traditions[13] have their origins in a quest for the meaning of life or in the rites of protection e.g. Christian festivals, even today create the rhythm of life in the villages of the region. The four seasons each have their share of celebrations: crop harvest, grape harvest, employers' feast days, crafts, yard sales, local produce.

Covered Bridge at Strasbourg

Schoenenbourg Fortification of the Maginot line

Church at Niederhaslach

Clock Tower at Sélestat

See also[edit]

Communes of the Bas-Rhin department sorted by arrondissements and cantons Communities of Communes of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
département Arrondissements of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
département Cantons of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
département

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bas-Rhin.

(in French) General Council of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
website (in French) Prefecture website (in English) Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in French) Département du Bas-Rhin : The Accounts of the communes and groupings of Ba-Rhin : Individual data in the main budget - Consolidated data in the main budget and annexes Conseil général du Bas-Rhin (in French) Departmental Archives of Bas-Rhin (in French) Tourism Development agency for Bas-Rhin (in French) Official website for Tourism in Alsace

References[edit]

^ Inhabitants of France
France
(in French) ^ Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest ^ Decree of 14 March 1793, which reunited 32 communes on the edge of the Rhine
Rhine
with France: "The National Convention, after hearing the report of the diplomatic committee, declares in the name of the people of France
France
that it accepts the vote freely made by the sovereign people of the following towns and communes: Berglabren, Glengenmenster, Billirchein, Oberhofen , Barbelrod, Winten, Dierbach, Pleisweiler , Klingen, Oberhausen, Kleishorbach, Fiderhorbach, Kleiszellen, Kaplen, Herchiersveiler, Horbach, Erlebach, Mertzheim, Steinweiler , Volsfisbeim, Appenhoffen, Heichelheim, Mulheffen, Volmersheim, Nidershorst, Oberhorst, Effingen, Aldorff, Germersheim , Freisbach , Ilvesheim, their enclaves and dependencies; in their primary assemblies, for their reunification with France, and, accordingly, the said towns and communes are an integral part of the French Republic. - Commissioners of the National Convention
National Convention
in the departments of Meurthe, Moselle, and Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
are responsible for taking all necessary measures for the execution of the laws of the Republic in those towns and communes as well as sending delegates to the National Convention to enable the setting up of a permanently organization. - These towns and communes form the fifth district of Bas-Rhin. The capital [of the district] will be Landau." ^ Decree of 30 Pluviôse
Pluviôse
III (18 February 1795), which reunites several communes in the District of Schelestadt with the district of Senones ^ Decree of 30 Pluviôse
Pluviôse
III (18 February 1795): "The communes of Russ, Wisches, Schirmeck, Rothau, Neuviller, Natzwiller, Wildersbach, Waldersbach, and Barembach, part of the district of Sélestat
Sélestat
in the department of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
are to be reunited with the District of Senones in the Vosges
Vosges
department." ^ The Peace Treaty, signed in Paris
Paris
on 30 May 1814, Article 3: "5° The Fortress of Landau, having been built before the year 1792, is an isolated point in Germany, France
France
is to retain beyond its borders part of the Departments of Mont-Tonnerre
Mont-Tonnerre
and Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
to link the fortress of Landau
Landau
and its radius to the rest of the Kingdom. The new boundaries are, starting from a point near Obersteinbach
Obersteinbach
(which remains outside the limits of France), the boundary between the department of Moselle and Mont-Tonnerre
Mont-Tonnerre
until the department of Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
then following the line that separates the Cantons of Weissenbourg and Bergzabern (on the French side), the cantons of Pirmasens, Dahn, and Annweiler
Annweiler
(on the German side), to the point where this line, near the village of Wolmersheim, touches the edge of the radius of the fortress of Landau. From this area, which remains as it was in 1792, the new frontier will follow the arm of the Queich river which, on leaving the radius near Queichheim
Queichheim
(which remains in France), passes near the villages of Mertenheim, Knittelsheim, and Belheim (also remaining French) to the Rhine, which then continues to form the boundary of France
France
and Germany." ^ The Treaty of Peace signed in Paris
Paris
on 30 May 1814, Article 3: "5° [...] On the Rhine, the Thalweg
Thalweg
will be the border so that any changes that may occur later in the course of the River will have no effect on the ownership of the islands therein. The state of possession of these islands will be established as it existed at the time of the signing of the Treaty of Luneville." ^ The Peace Treaty signed at Paris
Paris
on 20 November 1815 Article I: "The borders of France
France
will be as they were in 1790 except for changes and other matters which are summarized in this present article.

1. [...] Of the border of the country of Saarbrücken: the line of demarcation will be the same that now separates Germany from the departments of Moselle and Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
to the Lauter [river], which will then serve as the border until its intersection with the Rhine. All the territory on the left bank of the Lauter, including Landau, will be part of Germany, but the city of Wissenbourg, traversed by the river, will remain wholly in France, with a radius on the left bank not exceeding one thousand Toises [two thousand metres], and will be specifically determined by the commissioners who are responsible for the final boundary. 2. From the mouth of the Lauter, along the departments of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin, Doubs
Doubs
and Jura to the canton of Vaud [Switzerland], the boundaries remain as they were set by the Treaty of Paris. The Thalweg of the Rhine
Rhine
forms the boundary between France
France
and the German states but the ownership of the islands, as will be fixed after a new survey of the course of the river, will remain unchanged with some changes to be submitted in the course of time. Commissioners will be appointed from both sides by the High Contracting Parties within a period of three months to proceed with such survey. Half the bridges between Strasbourg
Strasbourg
and Kehl
Kehl
belong to France, and the other half to the Grand Duchy of Baden [...]."

^ People who live in France
France
and work in Germany ^ Décret n° 2014-1722 du 29 décembre 2014 portant suppression des arrondissements de Strasbourg-Campagne et de Wissembourg (département du Bas-Rhin) ^ Décret n° 2014-185 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Bas-Rhin ^ Official site for the protection and reintroduction of storks in Alsace-Lorraine
Alsace-Lorraine
(in French) ^ See Departmental Association for tourism Archived July 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (in French)

v t e

  Alsace
Alsace
topics

Departments

Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
(Strasbourg)

Arrondissement of Haguenau-Wissembourg Arrondissement of Molsheim Arrondissement of Saverne Arrondissement of Sélestat-Erstein Arrondissement of Strasbourg

Haut-Rhin
Haut-Rhin
(Colmar)

Arrondissement of Altkirch Arrondissement of Colmar-Ribeauvillé Arrondissement of Mulhouse Arrondissement of Thann-Guebwiller

Culture

Coat of arms Flag Anthem People Language Demographics Religion Musée alsacien

Hagenau Strasbourg

Alsace
Alsace
independence movement

Sports

RC Strasbourg
Strasbourg
Alsace Strasbourg
Strasbourg
IG SC Schiltigheim FC Sélestat Sélestat
Sélestat
Alsace
Alsace
Handball FC Vendenheim Étoile Noire de Strasbourg Internationaux de Strasbourg Rallye de France
France
Alsace (Rallye Alsace-Vosges)

History

Germania Superior
Germania Superior
(Pagus Alsatiae) (83–475) Alemanni
Alemanni
(circa 213–496) Alamannia
Alamannia
(3rd-century–911) Duchy of Alsace
Alsace
(circa 630–699) Prince-Bishopric of Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(982–1803) County of Ferrette (11th-century–14th-century) Salm (1165−1793) Landgraviate of Alsace
Alsace
(1186–1646)

Lower Alsace Upper Alsace

Further Austria
Further Austria
(13th-century–1648) Décapole
Décapole
(1354–1679) County of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Hanau-Lichtenberg
(1456–1736) Upper Rhenish Circle
Upper Rhenish Circle
(1500-1679) Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine
Alsace-Lorraine
(1871–1918) Gau Baden-Elsaß
Gau Baden-Elsaß
(1940–1945) Alsace
Alsace
(1945–2016) Grand Est
Grand Est
(2016–)

Alsace
Alsace
portal

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130199357 LCCN: n81126018 GND: 2048404-5 SUDOC: 026360373 BNF: cb1186

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