Tijuca (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈbaʀɐ dɐ
tʃiˈʒukɐ]) (mostly referenced as Barra) is a neighborhood or
bairro in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located in the
western portion of the city on the Atlantic Ocean. Barra is well known
for its beaches, its many lakes and rivers, and its lifestyle.
Although representing only 4.7% of the city population and 13% of the
total area of Rio de Janeiro, Barra is responsible for 30% of all tax
collected in the city. Barra da
Tijuca is classified as one of the
most developed places in Brazil, with one of the highest HDI (0.959)
in the country, as measured in the 2000
Brazil Census. Differently
from the South Zone and Rio's Downtown, Barra da Tijuca, built only 30
years ago, follows the
Modernist standards, with large boulevards
creating the major transit axis. A mix of modernity, sustainability
and nature create the newest side of the city of Rio de Janeiro.
The area's masterplan was designed by Lúcio Costa, known for his work
on Brasília, and creates a region filled with many gardens, shopping
malls, apartment buildings and large mansions. In recent years,
because of the development of the Brazilian economy, Barra has
received more than 100,000 new residents and many companies'
headquarters looking for a more modern address.
Those born in Barra da Tijuca, or those who live there, are called
Barristas, Barrenses or, pejoratively, Barraíbas. The neighborhood of
Tijuca is a cultural, economic, and administrative hub of the
city, and is believed to be the safest of Rio's upper-class
neighbourhoods because of its lack of favelas and plentiful private
and public security. Barra da
Tijuca neighborhood is well known for
being the home of celebrities and soccer stars.
In August 2016, Barra hosted most of the venues of the 2016 Summer
Olympics, the first held in South America.
Demographic data indicates that the region is the fastest growing
county in Rio: 98,851 in 1991, 174,353 in 2000, and 300,823 in 2010.
2.1 Barra City's Project
4 Most famous local areas
4.1 Jardim Oceânico
4.3 Areas formed only by residential towers
4.4 Areas formed by houses and residential towers
4.4.1 Areas formed by houses
6 Shopping malls
9 Barra in sports
10 The beach
13 See also
15 External links
The name Barra da
Tijuca can be roughly translated as 'Swamp
Sandbank'. Barra means port entrance or sandbank, and
Tijuca is a word
originally from the Tupi ty-yúc and means putrid water, mud, swamp,
puddle, clay or clay-pit.
Tijuca in the 1950s
The region of Barra da
Tijuca was originally a huge beach, with
typical undergrowth sandbanks. The area, full of swamps and unsuitable
for planting, remained unoccupied until the middle of the twentieth
century, even though occasional groups of fishermen frequented the
In the year 1667, the region was given to religious Benedictines, who
settled only in the neighborhoods of Camorim, Vargem Pequena, and
In 1900, the lands of Barra da
Tijuca and Baixada
sold to the company Remedial Territorial Agricultural and SA, ESTA,
which remains a large land owner in the area. The concentration of
large tracts of land in the hands of a few was one of the causes of
its late growth. Additionally it is separated from the rest of the
municipality by large, difficult-to-cross mountain ranges with peaks
ranging from 800–1200 meters.
Development of the area took place initially on its two ends, in
Jardim Oceânico and in Recreio dos Bandeirantes. A bridge was
then built by private initiative over the
Tijuca Lagoon to serve the
area's new inhabitants.
The hallmark of the early development of Barra da Tijuca, however,
occurred in the administration of Governor Negrão de Lima, the former
governor of the state of Guanabara, who commissioned Lúcio Costa, one
of the region's urban designers. The plan for Barra in 1969 was
similar to the earlier one for Brasília. It was inspired by American
urban planning style with wide boulevards and large open spaces, which
definitely marked the beginning of the peculiar lifestyle of Barra.
In the 1970s the
Lagoa–Barra Highway was built, which allowed a
greater development since it reduced the time to go to the South Zone
of the city of Rio. At that same time, big planned condominiums which
inspired "the new way of life", how it is commonly called, were
developed in Barra, such as the condominiums Nova
Ipanema and Novo
In the 1990s, another large urban development that enabled better
connection with the North Zone of Rio was the creation of the Yellow
Line, an expressway linking Barra da
Tijuca to the Galeão
International Airport. Since then, the growth of Barra da
been characterized by large inflows of people from all parts of the
metropolitan region of
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro looking for the "paradise city".
Barra City's Project
During the 1980s, Barra da
Tijuca experienced a population explosion,
with virtually all the land along its boulevards occupied by large
residential condominiums, parks, supermarkets, shopping malls, schools
and hospitals. The avenues were widened and received traffic lights.
At this time there was a movement for the emancipation of Barra into a
city, but while those who voted for emancipation in a referendum were
the majority, they were not enough.
There is still a bill in progress in the Legislative Assembly of Rio
de Janeiro for the formation of a new Barra da
Tijuca council from the
region's districts (Barra, Recreio, Grumari, Vargem Pequena, Vargem
Joá e Camorim). The project, however, depends on
the approval of the Federal Congressional bill PEC 13/03, which
transfers to the states the power to legislate on this matter, as it
was until 1996.
Península's residential towers.
As the most recent region, built only about thirty years ago, Barra
introduced a new concept of life in the country: a concept
characterized by big luxury condominiums with an incredible leisure
infrastructure (sports courts, pools, private groves and lakes, spas,
gyms), all of that inside of the condominium for the use of its
residents and guests. The "neighborhood-condos", as they were named,
have the idea of creating an exclusive neighborhood for its residents,
making it possible for them to live a complete life without the need
to leave the condominium. Beyond the whole entertainment offered, the
condos also have a high security system to ensure the privacy and
safety of its residents. The residential areas of Barra are also known
as being environmentally friendly.
The region is characterized by a car culture, and is crossed by three
main routes: the Avenue of the America - "Avenida das Américas" (main
road in the region; it is approximately 21 km long), "Avenida
Ayrton Senna" (which connects the district of Barra and the Yellow
Line, or 'Linha Amarela' highway) and "Avenida Lúcio Costa", formerly
Sernambetiba Avenue, which follows the coastline.
Most famous local areas
Tijuca at night
View of Recreio dos Bandeirantes, Barra da Tijuca, from Pontal's
Ayrton Senna Avenue
Tijuca at night
Jardim Oceânico (Ocean Garden, in Portuguese) is a sub-district of
Barra da Tijuca. Predominantly formed by three-story buildings It is
an area similar to the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro. As part of the
preparations for the Rio 2016 Olympics, a subway station was opened in
the neighborhood. The mainly residential area is also home to several
bars and restaurants on the Olegario Maciel and Erico Verissimo
Main article: Península (Rio de Janeiro)
Península marked Rio's residential history. Designed by a real state
company, the original project consisted in the creation of a new
neighborhood being environmentally friendly. However, because of the
unexpected fast appreciation of the site, the project for the
Península Barra (former name) changed from being a neighborhood to a
massive private urban development complex, making the Península
(which has the same size of Leblon's neighborhood) the newest and
first eco-friendly urban development complex in Rio de Janeiro.
Located in the heart of Barra, right behind the
Barra Shopping in an
area surrounded by its own private lake (Península Bay) and a big
leisure infrastructure, Península won the prize of the best urban
development complex in Brazil. The complex which still has some towers
under construction, will consist at its completion of: 62 residential
towers, 2 business towers, a mini mall, 5 theme gardens and 2 big
parks. Because of the huge success, the project became a parameter to
many other urban developments in Barra. The real estate 'boom' in Rio
right after the city was chosen for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games
affected the prices in Península; researches show that the prices
have increased up to 300%, making the square meter in Península one
of the most expensive in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The complex,
considered by the 'cariocas' as one of the best family urban
developments in the city, is now one of the favorite places of the
celebrities of Rede Globo.
Areas formed only by residential towers
5 Estrelas Full Condominium
Parque das Rosas
Riviera dei Fiori
Villas da Barra
Areas formed by houses and residential towers
Beton / Jardim Barra Linda - Houses Mansions Apartments
Mandala - Mansions Apartments
Ipanema - Mansions Apartments
Leblon - Mansions Apartments
Pedra de Itaúna
Areas formed by houses
Alphaville; * Cristal Lake; * Interlagos de Itaúna; * Jardim Clube da
Barra; * Malibú; * Mansões; * Portinho de Massarú; * Porto dos
Cabritos; * Quintas do Rio; * Rio-Mar; * Santa Helena; * Wimblendom
Park; * Village Marapendi; * Vivendas do Bosque; * Vivendas do Sol; *
Laura do Marie; * Santa Bridgёt.
Several universities have a campus in the district, including
Universidade Estácio de Sá, Pontifícia Universidade Católica,
Universidade Gama Filho, Universidade Veiga de Almeida, Centro
Universitário IBMR-Laureate and Instituto Brasileiro de Mercado de
The district also has some of the best private schools in the city.
Escola Suíço-Brasileira Rio de Janeiro
New York City Center
The consumption has become one of the characteristics of the
neighborhood. Pictured: Village Mall.
The neighborhood of Barra is home to many fancy, modern and
mega-malls,the BarraShopping, the New York City Center, the Rio Design
Barra and the 'Downtown' mall. There is still the Village Mall, the
most exclusive and upscale shopping in Rio de Janeiro. List of the
most important malls:
BarraShopping (Avenue of the Americas)
Village Mall (Avenue of the Americas)
New York City Center (Avenue of the Americas)
Rio Design (Avenue of the Americas)
Downtown (Avenue of the Americas)
Via Parque Shopping (Ayrton Senna Avenue)
Cittá América (Avenue of the Americas)
Casa Shopping (Ayrton Senna Avenue)
Barra Square (Avenue of the Americas)
Barra Garden (Avenue of the Americas)
Barra Point (Armando Lombardi's Avenue)
Barra World (Avenue of the Americas)
Barra has not only architectural influences. The influence of the
whole world, especially from Europe and Asia, can be easily found by
the presence of restaurants of many different countries. The
neighborhood has restaurants whose cuisines represent the countries of
Italy, Japan, China, Portugal, Germany, Middle East, Australia,
Finland, Austria, Spain, Mexico, France, India, Peru, Poland,
Switzerland, Thailand, etc.
There are 3 main avenues in Barra: Avenida das Américas (which
connects almost the whole area of Barra), Avenida Ayrton Senna (former
Avenida Alvorada, which connects Barra to
and Avenida Lúcio costa (former Avenida Sernambetiba, which passes
alongside the beach). In all directions, the view includes lakes,
mountains and the sea. The connection works of Barra with the rest of
the urban network, transposing the Maciço da
highway and Via Amarela) are among the most expensive works already
carried out in Rio, confirming the city's road transport choice. With
a good transportation system, Barra, has many bus routes and in 2009,
the Barra's subway line started to be built for the Rio Olympic Games
in 2016. Barra have a BRT corridor and other two under construction
that will connect Barra to the international airport, west region of
Rio and Deodoro neighborhood, another main venue of 2016 Olympics.
Jacarepaguá Airport, an airport specialized in general aviation, is
also located in the neighborhood.
Barra in sports
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro Olympic golf course.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu academy Gracie Barra, takes its name
and originated in Barra.
2007 Pan American Games
2007 Pan American Games and
2016 Summer Olympics
2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics
took place for the most part in Barra, the latter featuring 12
permanent and 3 temporary venues.
The football (soccer) club Barra da
Tijuca Futebol Clube derives its
name from the region, and its headquarters are located in neighbouring
Three major Associations' headquarters are located in Barra da Tijuca:
the Brazilian Football Confederation, the Brazilian Volleyball
Confederation and Brazilian Olympic Committee.
The Golden Green Golf Club provides three-par six-hole court greens
open to outside players with illumination for night play. Itanhanga
Golf Club is also nearby.
Surf competitions, such as Rio Marathon Surf Internacional, Festival
Petrobras de Surfe, Campeonato Velox Surf Amador and Circuito
Petrobras are held in Barra. There are several surfing schools in the
neighbourhood, an evidence of the popularity of this sport with the
The Aero Clube do Brasil provides parachuting experiences. The Rio
Sport Center offers tennis courts to the public. Barrashopping and
Barra Square are home to bowling alleys.
There are several places where beach and court volleyball are
practised. The Bernandinho's School is located in Barra.
The numerous condos also offer several others sports courts
exclusively for its residents.
The 18 km long beach is the largest of Rio de Janeiro's beaches.
Barra's beach starts at Morro do
Joá and ends at the Recreio dos
Bandeirantes neighborhood, in Pontal de Sernambetiba, beyond Avenida
Lúcio Costa. Most of its waters are clear and green, and have an
uncommon wave formation. Barra da
Tijuca beach is one of the most
sought after beaches by surfers, windsurfers, bodyboarders,
kitesurfers and fishing enthusiasts. There is also a cycling lane
along the beach. Pepê beach, closer do Morro do Joá, is where young
sport practitioners meet. One can find Kite surf schools, natural food
kiosks, surf schools, surf paddling and more. Its is a crowded place
on the weekends. If one wants more privacy in Barra beach, the best
spot is Reserva. It is located in the middle of the beach and there
are not many places to park a car.
Cidade das Artes
Cidade das Artes (City of Arts).
Barra has the largest convention center in South America, Riocentro.
Largest beach in Rio de Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro concert room named
Cidade das Artes
Cidade das Artes (Arts City)
is located in Barra, inspired by the Cité de la Musique located at La
Villette park, in Paris. The invited architect, Christian de
Portzamparc, is the author of the original Cité de la Musique
project. This music complex is the largest one in South America.
About 20 shopping malls are located in the neighborhood, including the
most upscale and most known of the city.
The largest shopping center in
South America is BarraShopping.
The Rio Olympics Games in 2016 was mostly held in Barra, about 50% of
Almost 30% (US$250 million) of the total money collected by the
municipal property tax in the city of
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is from Barra
(although the neighborhood only occupies 13% of the city's area).
The TV network main production studio of
Rede Globo are located in
Rede Globo is currently the largest TV network in South America
and the fourth (4th) largest in the world.
Since the announcement of
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro as the city of the 2016
Summer Olympics Games, the properties of Barra already had an
appreciation of 30%. Until 2016, another appreciation of 70% is
The influence from different countries is criticized by many citizens
from the older areas of Rio de Janeiro, especially concerning the 26.8
meters (88 feet) high replica of the
Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty in the New York
City Center. Barra also has replicas of many international
architectural icons like the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the Tower Bridge
of London, and the
Eiffel Tower of
Paris (all found in the Barra World
Shopping Center). While Rio's traditional neighborhoods recall Lisbon
and other Portuguese cities, the atmosphere in Barra da
Tijuca is more
like that of North American cities like Miami or Los Angeles. While
that sort of thing may be common in the rest of South America, it has
not always been so in Brazil. Brazilian traditional high society has
had an ambivalent attitude toward the United States. Although such
influences from European countries are appreciated by the Brazilian
traditional high society, to the "guardians" of the traditional values
in Rio de Janeiro, similar blatant imitations of and homage to the
United States (i.e., replica of the Statue of Liberty) in Barra come
as an affront.
List of upscale shopping districts
^ "Localização - Mapa." Escola Suíço-Brasileira Rio de Janeiro.
Retrieved on March 8, 2016. "Rua Corrêa de Araújo, 81 Barra da
Tijuca - CEP: 22611-060 Estrada Sorimå, 400 Barra da
Tijuca - CEP:
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro - RJ Brasil"
Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent
Portuguese-language article (retrieved August 19, 2005).
Tijuca 360° panorama
Barra da Tijuca: O Concebido e o Realizado
A Barra da
Tijuca que conheci at Pitoresco
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro city neighbourhoods
Vasco da Gama
Alto da Boa Vista
Brás de Pina
Complexo do Alemão
Engenho da Rainha
Engenho de Dentro
Freguesia (Ilha do Governador)
Lins de Vasconcelos
Maria da Graça
Parada de Lucas
Praça da Bandeira
Praia da Bandeira
Ricardo de Albuquerque
São Francisco Xavier
Todos os Santos
Vicente de Carvalho
Vila da Penha
Barra da Tijuca
Barra de Guaratiba
Campo dos Afonsos
Cidade de Deus
Pedra de Guaratiba
Recreio dos Bandeirantes
Ilha do Fundão
Ilha do Governador
Complexo do Alemão
Morro da Babilônia
Boca do Mato
Buraco do Padre
Bairro de Fátima
Fazenda da Bica
Fonte da Saudade
Largo do Machado
Praça do Carmo
Rio das Pedras
Terreirão do Rio Bonito