The Barga (Mongol: Барга; simplified Chinese: 巴尔虎部;
traditional Chinese: 巴爾虎部; pinyin: Bā'ěrhǔ Bù) are a
subgroup of the Mongol people which gave its name to the Baikal region
– "Bargujin-Tukum" (Bargujin Tökhöm) – “the land’s end”,
according to the 13th-14th centuries Mongol people’s conception.
1 Apparition in History
1.1 14th to 17th centuries
1.2 Qing dynasty
3 External links
Apparition in History
Mongol Empire c.1207, showing Bargujin-Tukum
In the 12–13th centuries, the Barga
Mongols appeared as tribes near
Lake Baikal, named Bargujin.
Genghis Khan's ancestor Alan Gua was of Barga ancestry. In the Mongol
Empire, they served the Great Khans' armies. One of them named
Ambaghai commanded the artillery.
14th to 17th centuries
After the fall of the
Yuan dynasty in 1368, the Barga joined the
Oirats against the Genghisids. However, they were scattered among the
Mongols and Oirats. The Barga share the same 11 clans into which the
Buryats were divided. The main body of Khori-Barga moved to the
area between Ergune river and the
Greater Khingan Range
Greater Khingan Range where they
became subject to the
Daurs and Solon Ewenkis. A large body of Barga
Khoris fled back east to the Onon river in 1594. While some came under
Russian rule, others became tributary to the Khalkha.
Qing dynasty attacked the
Cossacks in the Ergune and Shilka
rivers in 1685–89, those Barga
Mongols east of the Ergune River were
deported to Manchuria. The Qing court dispersed them among the Chahar
banners. They predominantly live
Hulunbuir since the 17th century.
In 1734, the Barga
Mongols who had been left under the
complained of the mistreatment of their lords and the Qing authority
selected 2,400 Barga
Khalkha and stationed them with their
families in Khölönbuir, Dornod.
^ National Census 2010 Archived September 15, 2011, at the Wayback
^ LAKE BAIKAL IN THE BURYAT FOLKLORE
Slab Grave culture
Khatso (Yunnan Mongol)