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The Barga (Mongol: Барга; simplified Chinese: 巴尔虎部; traditional Chinese: 巴爾虎部; pinyin: Bā'ěrhǔ Bù) are a subgroup of the Mongol people which gave its name to the Baikal region – "Bargujin-Tukum" (Bargujin Tökhöm) – “the land’s end”, according to the 13th-14th centuries Mongol people’s conception.[2]

Contents

1 Apparition in History

1.1 14th to 17th centuries 1.2 Qing dynasty 1.3 Relocation

2 References 3 External links

Apparition in History[edit]

Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
c.1207, showing Bargujin-Tukum

In the 12–13th centuries, the Barga Mongols
Mongols
appeared as tribes near Lake Baikal, named Bargujin. Genghis Khan's ancestor Alan Gua was of Barga ancestry. In the Mongol Empire, they served the Great Khans' armies. One of them named Ambaghai commanded the artillery. 14th to 17th centuries[edit] After the fall of the Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
in 1368, the Barga joined the Oirats
Oirats
against the Genghisids. However, they were scattered among the Mongols
Mongols
and Oirats. The Barga share the same 11 clans into which the Khori- Buryats
Buryats
were divided. The main body of Khori-Barga moved to the area between Ergune river and the Greater Khingan Range
Greater Khingan Range
where they became subject to the Daurs
Daurs
and Solon Ewenkis. A large body of Barga Khoris fled back east to the Onon river in 1594. While some came under Russian rule, others became tributary to the Khalkha. Qing dynasty[edit] When the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
attacked the Cossacks
Cossacks
in the Ergune and Shilka rivers in 1685–89, those Barga Mongols
Mongols
east of the Ergune River were deported to Manchuria. The Qing court dispersed them among the Chahar banners. They predominantly live Hulunbuir
Hulunbuir
since the 17th century. Relocation[edit] In 1734, the Barga Mongols
Mongols
who had been left under the Khalkha
Khalkha
noyans complained of the mistreatment of their lords and the Qing authority selected 2,400 Barga Mongols
Mongols
in Khalkha
Khalkha
and stationed them with their families in Khölönbuir, Dornod. References[edit]

^ National Census 2010 Archived September 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ LAKE BAIKAL IN THE BURYAT FOLKLORE

External links[edit]

Barag tribe

v t e

Mongolic peoples

History

Timeline Mongolian Plateau States Rulers Slab Grave culture Ordos culture Proto-Mongolic language Medieval tribes Modern clans Mongolian nobility Writing systems Languages Soyombo symbol Religion

Ethnic groups

Eastern Mongols

Darkhad Dariganga Eljigin Khalkha Khotogoyd Sartuul

Western Mongols

Altai Uriankhai Baatud Bayad Chantuu Choros Dörben Oyrad Khoyd Khoshuud Khoton Kalmyk Oyrad Myangad Ӧlӧӧd Sart Kalmak Torguud Zakhchin

Northern Mongols

Buriad Barga Hamnigan

Southern Mongols

Abaga Abaganar Aohans Asud Baarin Chahar Eastern Dorbed Gorlos Kharchin Khishigten Khorchin Khuuchid Jalaid Jaruud Muumyangan Naiman Onnigud Ordos Sunud Tumed Urad Üzemchin

Other

Bonan Daur Dongxiang Mughal Moghol Monguor Khatso
Khatso
(Yunnan Mongol) Sichuan Mongo

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