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Banpo
Banpo
(Bànpō) is an archaeological site discovered in 1953 and located in the Yellow River Valley
Yellow River Valley
just east of Xi'an, China. It contains the remains of several well organized Neolithic
Neolithic
settlements, like Jiangzhai, carbon dated to 6700–5600 years ago.[1][2][3][4] The area of 5 to 6 hectares (12 to 15 acres) is surrounded by a ditch, probably a defensive moat, 5 to 6 meters (16 to 20 ft) wide. The houses were circular, built of mud and wood with overhanging thatched roofs. They sat on low foundations. There appear to be communal burial areas.[5] Banpo
Banpo
is the type site associated with Yangshao
Yangshao
Culture. Archaeological sites with similarities to the first phase at Banpo
Banpo
are considered to be part of the “ Banpo
Banpo
phase” (7th millennium BC) of the Yangshao
Yangshao
culture. Banpo
Banpo
was excavated from 1954 to 1957. The settlement was surrounded by a moat, with the graves and pottery kilns located outside the moat perimeter. Many of the houses were semisubterranean with the floor typically 1 meter (3 ft) below the ground surface. The houses were supported by timber poles and had steeply pitched thatched roofs. According to the Marxist paradigm of archaeology that was prevalent in the China
China
during the time of the excavation of the site, Banpo
Banpo
was considered to be a matriarchal society; however, new research contradicts this claim and the Marxist paradigm is gradually being phased out in modern Chinese archaeological research.[6] Currently, little can be said of the religious or political structure from these ruins from the archeological evidence.[5][7] The site is now home to the Xi'an
Xi'an
Banpo
Banpo
Museum, built in 1957 to preserve the archaeological collection.[8] See also[edit]

Banpo
Banpo
symbols Sanxingdui Cishan culture Nanzhuangtou Jiangzhai Yangguanzhai

Footnotes[edit]

^ Yang, Xiaoping (2010). "Climate Change and Desertification with Special
Special
Reference to the Cases in China". Changing Climates, Earth Systems and Society. p. 177. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-8716-4_8. ISBN 978-90-481-8715-7.  ^ Crawford, Garry W. (2004). "East Asian plant domestication". In Miriam T. Stark. Archaeology of Asia (PDF). Blackwell Publishing Ltd. pp. 77–95.  ^ Fuller, Dorian Q; Qin, Ling; Harvey, Emma (2008). "A Critical Assessment of Early Agriculture in East Asia, with emphasis on Lower Yangzte Rice Domestication" (PDF). Pragdhara: 17–52.  ^ Meng, Y; Zhang, HQ; Pan, F; He, ZD; Shao, JL; Ding, Y (2011). "Prevalence of dental caries and tooth wear in a Neolithic
Neolithic
population (6700-5600 years BP) from northern China". Archives of oral biology. 56 (11): 1424–35. doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2011.04.003. PMID 21592462.  ^ a b Jarzombek, Mark M; Prakash, Vikramaditya (2011-02-09). A Global History of Architecture. pp. 8–9. ISBN 9780470902455.  ^ Liu, Li (2004). The Chinese Neolithic. p. 11. ISBN 9781139441704.  ^ Lu, H.; Zhang, J.; Liu, K.-b.; Wu, N.; Li, Y.; Zhou, K.; Ye, M.; Zhang, T.; et al. (2009). "Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (18): 7367–72. doi:10.1073/pnas.0900158106. PMC 2678631 . PMID 19383791.  ^ " Banpo
Banpo
Museum in Xi'an". chinamuseums.com. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 

References[edit]

Allan, Sarah (ed), The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, ISBN 0-300-09382-9 Chang, Kwang-chih. The Archaeology of Ancient China, ISBN 0-300-03784-8

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Banpo
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